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Likr CHI Tituks, (5eos?npfjp anatcmij'o, &c. 

John Hoskyns, V. P. R. S. 


O R, T H E 

Geographical Grammar, 

Being a Short and Exad 


Of the whole Body of 

Modern Geography, 

After a New and Curious Method. 


L A General View of tlie Terraqueous Globe. 
Being a Compendious Sy^em of the true Fundamcnralsoi 
Geography •, Digefled into various CcniiinQr.f, Problems^ 
Theorcmti, and Faraii'oxes : With a Tranficnt Survey of 
the Surface of the EarPbiy Ball^ as it confifts of Land 
and V. arer. 

IL A Particular Vievr of thy. Terraqueous Globe 

Being a clear and pleafant Profpeft of all Remarkable 
Countries upon the Face of the whole Earthy lliewing 
their iimmion, Extent^ D vif.oi^Skbdiv'ifion, Cuk^, Chief 
TownSy NanT^, Airy 5oil, Commoditiesy Haricicj^ Arch' 
bijfjopricks^ Liillvjpricks^ Vnhcrfitiesy Slint)C[\LangHagesy 
Governmenr, Arms, UcIij^vDn. 

Colieiledfrnm the Befl Auth-irs^ and IlluflratcJ with divers Maps, 

Ct)e ^tjctfj Cotttoa, Co^retteD, ant) foms»t)at Cniarg'O. 

By p A T. G o Fv o N, M. A. F. R. S. 

Omne talit qui mijcttit utile dulci. Hor. 


L O N D (' 

Printed for ]. ''r-hoUbn, ]. and ^j. Sprir.-, and :^Ji'a^rov^g!^% 
in Little Britain j Andr . L '\ at the CrjiKeys and Bible 
in Cornhily and Iv, ^in'f h under rlic R^yai-ExchangCy iya 


T O T H E 

Moft Reverend Father in GOD 


Lord Archbifliop of Canterbury^ 8cc. 

May it pleafe your Grace^ 

ON E who appeared for the Church in time of 
her greateft Danger : Briskly defended her 
Do3rwes againft the daring Aflaults of her moft 
virulent Oppofers : Took care to eredl: a Synagogne 
for God where He found a Synagogue for Satan : 
And One whofe Lifk has all along been one conti- 
mted Sermon againft Vice and Immorality^ does well 
deferve to wear a Mitre. And the fixing of fuch an 
One at the Helm of this National Church, did not 
only proclaim the Royal Wifdom in making that 
prudent Choice ^ but did alfo prognofticate to the 
Church herfelf what ftie has feen already come to 
pafs: Even thofe wi(h'd-for Halcyon Days^ and 
Safety irom Danger, which by the Care of fuch an 
Ahle^ Watchful Pilots (he has, Thanks to Heaven, 
hitherto enjoy'd. This mighty Blejjing Q moft Re- 
verend Father] we owe, under the Aufpicious Pro- 

A 3 videncc 



The Epiftle Dedicatory. 

vidence of God, to your Grace's excellent Manage^ 
ment of things. And, as 'twere not enough to in- 
fluence and govern the EJiabUfied Church at home, 
your Grace takes alfo care to enlarge her Bounds^ ^ 
and the number of her Members abroad. Blefs'd be 
God, our implacable Adverfaries can no longer up- 
braid us with a Jnpim Neglect of our Heathen Atne^ 
rican Neighbours in their Sp'iritud Concerns. We 
may now boaft of a fettled Society dc propaganda 
Fide as well as they : And hope to bring over, in 
progrefs of Time, good ftore of real Converts to 
the Truths in lieu of the many pretended Ones of 
theirs. That mod venerable Society, as it confifts 
of a confiderable number of excellent Perfons both 
\n Church ^nA St at e^ foit is Angularly happy in ha- 
ving the benefit of your Graces ready Advice and 
Ajjifiance upon all occafions. You are indeed the 
main Springs that animates that truly Chrijiian Bo- 
dy, a. 't is your extraordinary Zeal for the Caufe 
of Chrijt that gives Life and Vigour to her many 
great Defigns. 

Upon which account it is. That I prefume to 
hy at your Grace's Feet this nciv Edition of the 
following Geographical Trcatife. For having con- 
fidered in it [under ths general Head of Religi- 
cnli the Spiritual State of Mankind through all 
Quarters of the known World ; and finding, by a 
modeft Calculation, that fcarce five of twenty five 
Parts thereof are Chrijiian : Who can refrain from 
wiftiing, that the thick Mifts of Pagan Ignorance 
jfrtd Error were difpell'd by the radiapt Beams of 
















:o in- 

;'d be 
jr up- 
^r, irk 
// to 
us of 
n ha- 


le to 







• ? 

TU Epijlle Dedicatory. 

the Sun of Righteoufisefs -^ fo that thofe People who 
fit in Darknefs might know the Trne God their Ma- 
ker : And be yet fo happy as to fee the Javhg Light 
of the Gofpel of Jeftis Chrift. [ My Lord,} There 
is none, I'm confident, that more cordially wifheth 
this than your felf ^ and none more earneftly defi- 
reth, that all human Means wereufed to effcfl; the 
fame in thofe Parts of the Heathen World, where 
the E^^g/i/Zj Natron is moftly concerned. To whom 
therefore could I fo properly addrefsmy felf as to 
your Grace ^ Being well aflur'd that you'll leave no 
Stone unturn'd, in endeavouring to fet that mod 
defirable Defign on foot, when you, in your Godly 
Wifdom, (hall fee it truly feafible. 

T^h.2Lt great Work, Tm fenfible, requires the johit 
Ajjiftaftce of many Hands^ and calls aloud for the 
ready Concurrence of every Chrifiian ; and truly all 
who bear that Honourable Title may be affiftant 
therein one way or other ? whether it be by their 
Advice^ their Prayers^ or their Purfe. But to pro- 
mote the fame in the moft expeditious manner, it's 
much to be wifh'd that fuch a Glorious Undertaking 
were made a National Concern^ and had a proper Fund 
appointed for it in a Parliamentary way. This (till 
remains to be done^ and all Men believe. That 
there's none fo likely to bring That about as Tour 
Grace^ whenever a favourable Junffure (hall offer. 
In the mean time, may Heaven long preferve Tour 
Grace in Health and Welfare: And blefs withfuccefs 
your many Noble Defigns for the Church of God, 
May it gracioufly pleafe the True God^ the Soveraign 

A 4 Lord 

The Epijlle Dedicatory. 

Lord of Hcaveq and Earth, to male known his Way^ 
npon Earthy his faving Health among all Nations. 
May the Chariot Wheels of the hlejjed Gofpel drive 
fwiftly thro* the tphole inhabited world : And may a^ 
the Kingdoms thereof become the Kingdoms of the Lord 
and of hisChrift. In fine, may it pleafe God to call 
in his ancient People the Jevps^ with the fulnefs of 
the Gentiles : That as there is but one Shepherd^ fo 
there may be but one Sheepfold. This is the daily 
Trayer of the beji Church upon Earth, and the hearty 
Wijh and Petition of every True Son thereof: Par- 
ticularly of Him who is, with the profoundeft Ve^ 


1. r 


May it pleafe your Grace^ 

f '• / 


Tour Grace's 


! V 1 > 

' \ *! 

-<l -1 ' ' 


Mojl Obedient , . 

,••••■,•'. ■ r '■-,■■ 

Humble Servant, 

J r 1 i 

» \ 

V, » J i + • 


» « 

> t 


* • 

i rr 

'■; w , 


, f , 

-» "r 

f ( 


P. G. 



drive ^ 
"i^y afl 

to call 
fiefs of 

T O T H E 

Right Honourable 





It VCr 

• i • ' ' 


. i 

•, ■! « - 







I N 

Wore eft er - Shire, 

HIS New Edition of the 
following Tra6t of MO^ 

( with 

The Epiftle Dedicatory. 

( with the profoundeft Refped ) 
Dedicated by 

Xour Lordjlifs 

Moll Hmbly 



Devoted Servant, 

Pat. Gordon. 







T principal Defign in publijljiifg the following Trea* 
tife, is^ to prefent the younger fort of our No- 
bility and Gentry, with a Compendious, Pleafant 
and Methodical Traft of MODERN GEO- 
GRAPHT, that mod ufeful Science, which high^ 
Jy deferves their Regard in a peculiar manner, // 
it he alledgdj That the World is already ovcrftockt 
with Compofiires of this Nature :^ I freely grant the 
Charge 5 hut withal^ Til be bold to fay^ That there t 
none as yet pnblijh^d^ which is >!0t palpably faulty^ in 
one or more of thefe three refpeSs. Either they are too 
Voluminous, and thereby fright the Toting Student 
front fo much as ever attempting that Study : Or, Se- 
condly, /^^Compendious, a^d thereby give him only 
a bare Superficial Knowledge of Things : Or finally^ 
Confus'd ( being writ without any due Order or Me- 
thod ) andfo confound him before he is aware. But all 
thefe are carefully avoided in the following Treatife ^ 
for, in framing of it, Tve induftrioujly endeavour d^ 
to make it obferve a juji Mean, between the two Ex- 
treams of a large Volume and a narrow Compend. 
And as to the Method in which it vow appears, the 
fame is ( / prefume ) fo Plain and Natural, that 1 
mayfafely refrr the Trial thereof to the Impartial Judg- 
ment of the Severeji Critic^. 



To defcertd to partkulirs. The iphole cojijijls new of Two 
Parts, whereof the jirjl gives a General, cind the fecond a 
Particular View of the Terraqueous Globe. 

Part I. In giving ^General View of the faid Globe ^ Vve 

rfortnd thefe five Things^ viz. (l.) Ive illiijhated (by way 

either of a Definition, Dclcription, or Deriva ion ) all 

tbofe Terms that are any ivays iiecejfary for the right under 
fianding of the aforefaid Globe ^ as alfo the Anally tical Tables 
of the following Treatife. (2.) Vve fet down all thofe plea- 
Jattt ¥ rohlcms pcrforf?jable by the Terrefirial Globe, together 
with the 7ncinner of their perjormance, (3.) I ve fubjoin^d 
divers plain Geographical Theorems [ or J elf-evident Truths ] 
clearly deducible from the foregoing Problems. (4) Tve ad- 
vancd fome Paradoxical Poiitlons in Matters of Geography^ 
which mainly depend on a thorough Knowledge of the Globe, 
and are equally certain with the aforefaid I'hcorems^ though 
viany of them inay poffibly appear to fome as the greatejl of 
Fables, Lallly, Ive taken a Tranficnt Survey of the uhole 
Surface of the Terraqueous Globe, as it confjh of Land and 
Water, as itsfole conjfituetit Parts. 

This is the Suhjiancc of the firfl Part, and before I pro- 
ceed to the Second, / muf here dtfire the Reader may be 
pleas' d to obferve thefe tjvo Things^ viz. (i ) That in def- 

or n 









ell requir d here. (2.) In advanciyig thofc Geographical Pa- 
radoxes \_7Jientio7t d Sedt. IV.] which will probabh fo jiartU 
the Reader at firfl ( being a mcer Novelty in TraBs of this 
kind ) as that he cant readily comprehend either their 
J leaning or Dfign ^ let him therefore be pleased to know^ tb^^t 
the main Drift of fuch an tnicomjnon Effay^ fj, in fiort^ To 
whet the Appetite of our Geographical Student for a 


of TwQ 
fecond a 

oh\ Tvc 

( by way 
on ) all 
t under- 
1 Tables 
nfe plea- 
Truths ] 
Ive ad- 
^ Globe y 

Mejl of 

md avd 

1 pro- 
^nay be 
in def- 
a. 1.] 
a De- 
ficit IS 

'\\ Pa- 
f this 

r, To 
for a 


coniplcat Underflancling of the Globe, [j/pow a thorough 
Knowledge of which^ thejefeemifig Myfteries do mainly depend ] 
or incre briefly^ "tis to fet our young Students a thinking. 
Jlthoiii^h the Sold of Man is a cogitating Beings and its 
Thoughts f) nimble as to fur round the Univerfe it felf in a 
trice '^ yet fo unthoiightful and Jirangely ijmnur'd in Senfe is 
the generality of Perfons^ that they need fome far tling Noije 
( like a fiidden Clap of Thunder ) to roufe and awake them. 
Nun\ as ajlravge and unheard of Phcenomenon, fuddenly ap- 
pearing in the Natural Vorld^ doth attraii the Eyes of all Men^ 
and raifeth a Curiofty injome to enquire into the Reafon of it-y 
evenfo is the Propofal of a Paradoxical Truth to the InteU 
le&ual : for it inmiediatcly jummom all the Powers of the Soul 
together^ and fet s the Underjlanding a-work to Search into^ and 
Scan the Matter. To awaken the Jlind of Man to its Natu- 
ral J[l of Thought aTtd Confideration, way be jujily rec- 
koned 7to trivial Bujinefs ^ if we confder^ that 'tis to the want 
thereof ( or a JIupid Inconfideration ) that we may chief y 
jjnpute aU the Enormities of Alankind^ whether in Judgjnent 
or Pra&ice. If therefore thefe Paradoxes above-mention d 
JIhill obtain the End propos'^d^ ( the roufing of the Mind to 
think ) it matters the lefs^ tf fime of the?n, upon flri^ en- 
quiry-^ llmdd be found to cmtfjl of Equivocal Terms, or per- 
hips prove little more than a Qiiibble at the Bottom, Proceed 
we now to 

Part II. Giving a Particular View of the Terraqueous 
Globe. By fuch a View / underjland a clear and exa^ Pro- 
fpe& of all remarkable (]ouvtries^ and their Inhabitants^ on 
the Face of the whole Earth j and that in thefe following Par- 
ticulars'j viz. Their 








H '! 





Chkf Towns, 














•j^at isfaidiipoji each of thofe Heads^ will bejl appear by 

Extent — 





t; J Cbief Towns- 



Name - 


Soil -. 

the followivg Table 

TheDegr.r Long.") between which any 
oi \Lat. J Country lies. 

Its due Dimenfions fE. to W, /in Englifli 
from \S. to N. j Miles. 

/" The general Parts or ClalTes 

^Things,) ^°/'^^h any Country is 
° 'y reducibJ :, 

"^ ^* y How thofe Parts or ClalTes 

C are mofl readily found. 

{ The particular Provinces 

2 Things,) which any Country contains. 

viT^, ^ How thoi'c Provinces are molt 

C readily found. 

('The Wodern Names of thofe 
2 Things, ) Towns. 
vi:^. ^ How fuch Towns are moft 

C readily found. 

SHOW tcrm'd by the Ancients, 
The various Modern Appel- 
The Etymology of the E/i/j///7; 
Sits Nature as to Heat and 
Cold, (/^c. 
t'/^. '\ The Antipodes cf than part 
^ of the Globe. 
The proper Climate thereof. 
5 Things, S res natural P. oduft. 
1'/'^. yrhc EKccnt of Days and 
C Nights. 





^ I 




ippear by 

vhich any 



or C/affes 
ountry is 

)r ClafTcs 
> are moil 

of tliofe 

re moft 



cat and 

at part 


k^s and 

C ommodities' 

Rarities - 

Archbifljoptlcks — 
Bifljopricks ■ 
Vniver fides • 

a < 




{Thofe in particular which the Country 

/ Thofe of Nature where ccr- 
2 Things,^ tain. 
'^K* I Thofe of Art, efpecially Mo • 
*" nunicntsolf Antiquity. 
2 Things, r "^ Number. 

2 Things,< v'lXj' their S 
2 Things, (^ J Names. 

^The Natural Tern-' 




Things, . 


of the 




A The mofl noted f People. 
C Cuftoms. 
-Its Compofition and Pro* 
2 Things, ) priety. 
vi:(^. \ Pater Nofler as a Specimen 
(. thereof. 
Its Nature or Real Conflitu- 
2 Things, ) tion. 
1//^. "S The Publick Courts of Judi- 
C cature. 
2 Things, TThe true Coat quartered. 
1//:^. I The proper Motto. 
Th\n f The chief Tenets thereof, 
i," S ^^^^" ^"^ ^y whomChrifti- 
^^* t, anity was planted, if ever. 


Tie Reader cant here expeS a very large Account 
gfall thefe fever al Heads^ it being impojjible in fo lit* 
tie room^ as the narrow Compafs of a Compend allows^ 
to fay the half of what might he f aid upon many of 
em '^ however he may here find all thofe things that are 
mofi effential : Thefe few Sheets being an AbJlraS of 
what is more largely exprefsd in the great eft Volumes^ 
Several of thofe Heads above-mention d^ being SnbjeSs 
that dont much admit of new Relations^ I reckon my 
felfno Plagiary^ to grants that I've taken th* ajfiftancc 
of others^ efieeming it needle fs fometi me s to alter the 




i! ';t 







Character either of a People or Country^ vphen IfoHftd 
it fuccin^ly worded by a credible Pen, Here the Rea- 
der may be pleas' d to hnovo^ that in treating of all 
Countries^ I've made their Situation my only Rule^ 
beginning Jlill with thofe towards the North, except^- 
ing North America, where I thought good to end at 
the Pole. But, as touching the Analytical Tables of 
this Treat ife, ( the main Bufifiefs of the Book } their 
liejign andUfe in floort, is^ To pre fen t to the Eye at 
one view^ a compleat ProfpeS of a Country in all its 
remarkable Divifions,Subclivifions,<«W Chief Towns, 
with the manner how all thefe are mofl readily found. 
The Letters of the N.S. W, E. {^fig^ifyi^g the four 
Cardinal^ and N.W. N. E. S. W. S. E. the four 
Intermediate Points of the Compafs ] being afflxt to 
the oulfide of the various Braces in the afore faid Ta* 
lies, do exprefs the Situation of the Parts of any 
Country there mention d :, as (page 45 ) where the 
Divifions of Alrica are faid to be found from N. to S. 
If only Cities and Towns, and no Divifions of a Coun* 
try are fct down, then thefe Letters have the fame Re* 
lation to them^fJoewing their Situation in refpeS of one 
another. If a little Brace fall within a greater [^ as 
page 45. where Egypt 4;;<^ Barbary haz3 their pecu* 
liar Brace ^ this is to /Ijow, that thofe two Countries 
are taken together, and confider d^ as one Divifion, 
ir hen reckon d with t he following Countries, in rcfpe^ 
of them Situation, exprefs d on thebackfide of the out* 
niofi Brace^ the fame is to be faid of Cities and Towns^ 
if only fiich are fct down. But finally , if neither Di* 
vlfions nor Towns can be fo order d^ as to have their 



I found 
he Rea- 
: of all 
y Rule, 
? end at 
ables of 
) their 
Eye at 
r all its 

'he four 
he four 
fflxt to 
id Ta' 
of any 
re the 
.to S. 
of one 
C as 


Situation exprefs'd in a conjunS manner 5 then the re* 

fpeSive Dijiance of fuch Towns from fome remarkabU 
City^ is particularly declard in Englifti Miles, as 
( page 1 44- ) ^here thofe in the Circle of Suabia are 
fo fet down. If it he ohje&ed, that not all hut only 
the Chief Towns of every Country are mention d in thefe 
Tables : To this 1 anfwer^ That to mention all were 
needlefs 5 fir I pre fume ^ that he who knows the true 
Situation of the fifty two Counties of England, and 
can readily point at the Chief Towns in each of em, may 
eafily find any other in the fame County, if exprefsJL 
in the Map. Befides, the hufinefs of a Geographi- 
cal Traft, is not fo much to heap up a vaji multitude 
of Names, as to fljew the Divifions, and Subdivi- 
fions of every Country, with the Principal Town in 
each of *em^ and how all fuch are mojl readily foundm 
If it be farther obje&ed, that neither the Analytical 
Tables of this Treatife, nor the various Defcriptions 

^ of Countries an next to them, are any thing of a nevv 
Difcovery in the Science of Geography, but onlf 
the bare Crambe recofta of thofe who have gone before 

f ;//. To this I anfwer, that the Tables are indeed 
materially the fame with others [jtnd otherways it can* 

I not be, unlcfs we of this Age werefo extremely fortu* 
nate, as to make a compleat Difcovery of all the Coun* 
tries andTowns as yet unknown ^ or fo abfurdly ridicu^ 
lous, as to Coin new Names for thofe we know already'^ 
fet notwithjianding this, they are highly preferable to all 
others whatfoever. For fuch Tables, hitherto publi/h'd^ 
(whether Engli{h,French, or Dutch) being only a hare 
Catalogue of Names ^ confusdlyfef down mthout any due 

B Order 

( : 

I- I 







Or^^r 4/?^ Method, arc of fo little ufe to the Reader 
thiit his Paifis are jl'dl the fame as before^ to find out 
thpfe Names in the Map : Whereas the Tables of the 
follovping Treat ife are fo corjtrivA^ by particular Dire* 
Qions Ofj the out- fide of their refpe^ive Braces^ that 
he may point at thofe various Coufj tries ar?d Towns in 
the Map ( almoft ) as fafl as he can read their Names 
in the Table. And as touching the Defcriptions 
of thofe Countries and their Inhabitants ^ 'twere in^ 
deed mofl unreafonahle to expeS a Narrative of them 
COmpleatly new, unlefs it he /%/ thofe Countries^ which 
have undergone fuch wonderful Changes, that the ve^ 
ry face of Things is compleatly New^ or fome re- 
mote Parts of the World, where later Intelligence 
hdth reSifyd former Mifiakes, Be fides, 'tis not fo 
much my prefent Defign in the following TraS, to pre^ 
fentthe Kesidtv with perfeSly new Relations, (ex- 
cept in fuch Cafes abovcmentiond^ as to Abridge and 
Methodize thofe already known. And this fufftcient- 
ly anfwers the propofed End of the Treatife, being 
calculated (as I already hinted } for thofe, who are 
were Strangers to Geography, or [^at leaji^ bu^ young 
Proficients in that excellent Science :^ 1 mean the ge" 
neralityofthem^ who either attend our Publick Schools^ 
or Study under the Care and Conduct cf Private Tutors. 
And fo much for the Second Part. 

To thefe Two parts is annexed an Appendix compre- 
hending, (i.) A Short View of the chief European 
Plantations abroad^ whether Countries, Towns, or 
Faftories, (2.) Some Reafonat^le Propofals for the 
Propagation (/ /Ae Bleffed Gofpel in n// Pagan 
Countries. TX/V, 







nd ofif 

of the 


r, that 

wffs in 



ere in^ 

f them 


the VC' 

fMe re* 


not fo 

I to pre^ 

( ex' 

;e and 



hj are 


he ge' 



IS, or 

\or the 


I This^ in Jhort^ is the Samixi and Method of the 

J^//^n?r/;? Geographical Treatife, which ( as I faid ) 
is principally defignd for the ufe and benefit of the 
younger Sort of our Nobility and Gentry. And 
did fuch Perfons apply their Minds, in their younger 
Tears, to this nfoft ufefd arid diverting Science ^ tis 
more than probable, that they might thereby avoid thofe 
many and grofs Immoralities which abound amo}ig us. 
For if we flri3ly enquire into the Sourfe of thefe foul 
and loath fome Streams, ( efpecially in thofe whom For* 
tune hath rais d above the common level, ) we may re a- 
dily fifid, that they mainly flow from that dctejhble 
Habit of Idlenefs, in which the generality of fuch Per- 
fons arc bred up, during their youthful Days, arrd to 
which they wholly give up themfelves, when arrivd to 
riper Years, By whch means they re exposed to a 
thoufand Temptations, and continually lie open to the 
grand Adverfary of Souls. For the remedying of this 
great Evil, tis highly to be wifht, that fuch Perfons 
would daily imploy a few of their many fpare Hours 
( that now lie heavy upon their Hands ) in fome pro- 
per diverting Study, which carries along with it both 
Profit and Plea fur e, as its conjlant Attendants. Now^ 
fuch a Study is undoubtedly that of Hiftory, a StH' 
dy that's particularly proper for a Gentleman, and a* 
darns him with the befl Accomplijbments'^ a Study 

I that begets Experience without Gray Hairs, and makes 
a Man wife at the Toil and Charge of others. If it he 
ohje^ed, that many ha7je made attempts of the fame^ 
and that without Succefs. Moji certain it is, 1 own^ 

I and the reafon is ready at hand, namely^ their Omif 

I B S ii fi^fH 

■' u 



i .( 



Jfo^f of a needful PrcVim'nr.iry Study ^ viz. That of 
G E O G K A P H Y, wha h xc'ith fome fr.tall taftt 
of Chronology, may be defervedly ierrrid^ The 
Eyes and Feet of Hiftory, and ought to he arquJrd 
by our Hiftoriafi^ either in his younger Days^ or 
( at leafi ) in the fir (I pi are. On which accoufit^ 
Ive drawn up the following Treat >fe^ adapting it 
Chiefly to the younger Sort of our Nobility and 
Gentry ; hy the help of which^ they may quickly ac- 
quire fnch an Idea of all remarkable C metrics ^ as 
to Fit 'em fuff.ciently for turning over any Modem 
Hiftory rvhatfoever. This one jiep in Education of 
Touth ivere preferable Q methinks ] to a Seven Tears 
Drudgery in the dry Study of bare Words 5 and a 
Second Apprenticefl:ip that's ufually fpent in a Phan* 
taflick improvement of the Mind^ with many ufelefs 
Speculations. And I may be bold to fay, that to 
exercife the Thoughts in fuch a manner as' this^ ( or 
to be but tolerably accomplifhd in thefe diverting 
Studies, would vafily tra/fcend mofl of thofe other 
Accomplifliments and Diverfions, jo much in Vogue 
among our Gentry at prcfent. And 'tis highly pro* 
bable, that fuch a Methjd as this^ might more e/- 
fe&ually check the Growth of Vice among *em^ than 
the mo]} elaborate Moral Difcourfe that can bcframd 5 
[] the very Title of fuch Compofures being enough ma' 
ny times to fright them from the Perufut "] whereas 
a moderate Application of Mind to the aforefaid 
Studies^ would infenfibly wean the Thoughts of fome ^ 
from the reigning Impieties of the Age \ and in a- 
thers^ it might evn happily prevent an early acquain* 
tame with Vice in general. And 







I ca 



'hat of 
II tafte 

\ The 

ays^ or 


ting it 
ty and 
hly ac- 
'ies^ as 
ition of 
t Years 
and a 
I Phan* 
hat fa 
J-, (or 
ore ef' 
I, than 
amd ^ 
in 0- 
main • 


And thus you jee the Defign, Method, and Sub- 
ftance of the whole Treatije. One Word now^ con^ 
cerning this Edition, and 1 ha7je done. The kind 
Reception of the former Imprejfions of this Geogra- 
phical VraU^ and its ready admittance into many of 
enr public k Schools^ gave me freflj Encouragement to 
Revife it once more^ and to make what farther Im^ 
provements as either the Nature of the Subject^ or 
Bignefs of the Volume would admit of. Befides a 
careful Corre&ion of a fevp NV flakes in the lafi Im- 
prejpon^ I've made in this^ fome Material addition; s^ 
and Thofe differs' d thro the Body of the Book^ whii h^ 
I confcfs^ is a lofs to the Gentlemen who bought 
the former Editions^ hut there is no remedy for it 
now. In the mean time^ if it could any ways atone for 
what is done ^ or rather to prevent, at leaji the fears 
of any fuch Thing for the future ^ / may here ad- 
venture to declare once for ally That this is the 
lafi Time I ever intend to make a>iy confider able addi- 
tions to this Treatife ; even fuppofing it fljould beav 
a great many Imprcjfions hereafter, I may likcwife 
take this Occafion to declare^ That^ Health and Op- 
portunity ferving^ *tis probable^ I may publiflj^ fome 
Tears hence ^ a Compendious Body of Ancient Geo- 
graphy 1^ and tb^t fitted lihewifefor the Schools^ and 
made much more Methodical and l^jeful than any as 
yet extant. A Work extreamly wanted, and may he 
juftly rankd amofig the Defideranda<?///w inquifitive 
A^e. But to return to the prefent Treatife. As for the 
Maps belonging to it ^ / have not augmented the Num- 
ber of them, bccaufe the Analytical Tables of this 

B 5 Tra^t 




Tra3^ are to be read mth particular Sheet Maps \yphe- 
tber Englifli, French, or Dutch, 3 and not vpith 
thofe here infer ted ^ which though good enough of their 
kind^ yet being fo fmall a Scale^ they re more for or- 
nament than life. How far this Treatifein the whole 
doth anfwer its propofed End 5 and how much this 
Injprejjion is preferable to any of the former^ lintire- 
ly leave to the Reader s Judgment to determine. Thh 
being all I think neceffary to premife concerning the 
following Compofure^ Ifhall no longer detain the Rea- 
der by way of Preface, concluding the fame with the 
Words of the Poet, 

Vive, vale : Si quid novifti reftius iftis, 
Candidas imperti: finon, his utere mecum. 

^. Hor. Epiji. Lib. T. 









ot vpith 
of their 
? for or- 
>e whole 
uh this 
I i/jtirc' 
e. This 
lirfg the 
he Rea- 
vith the 

Lib. T. 



npHE following Treatife being divided into Two Pares; where- 

c. fFirft ? 52 Ja General View "7 r t -r ^i i. 

S isecondl -^la Particular View s '^-"^ Terraqueous Globe. 


Giving a General View. 

•o f Seft. I. Containing g8 Geographical D^fimtirm, From Page i to l$ 

*^ *uSeft. n. Contai'ing 48 Geographical Problems 15 to ^2 

'Seft. Ill Cnv,tain'ing /^i Geographical Theorems ■ 311057 

iSeft. IV. Containing 39 Geo^raphcal Paradoxes 57^044 

Seft. V. Concerning Land and Wai<ir — — 44 to do 


Giving a Particular View, Comprehends 

Seft. I, 

Scft. IT. 
Scft. III. 

Sef^. IV. 

Sea-. V. 
Sea. VI. 
Seft' VII. 

Seft. VIII. 

Scft. IX. 

r C Sweden — — — ^ 5 

Scandinavia [p. 63.] containing,^Dtfn/w4r;& 59 

^ Norway 7 5 

Mofcox'ta • ■ I 79 

France •■ _ 8$'er 




^^ ^ ^Holland 116 
C/er/«<i«)'[p.ic3.]dividedinte'^ '"*"*" \ Flanders izo 

Vpper Germany-^i 2 3 

Poland — ~ — — 1 135 

Spain and Portugal .— — — — ' — 145 

Italy ■ ■' -* 15 J 

^ Hungary 182 

nri, in £«r»K [pay?-] as j rXTZZZTlgl 

C Danubian Provinces 1 9 1 
r r Scotland i^^ 

EHrcpcanmads [p.i J7.] as.^BW*<.;fl \^f,7i',°^ 
\^ C lyeland . 225 



Scft. I. 
Scft. II. 
Scft. III. 
Sett. IV. 
Scft. V. 
Sett. Vf. 


CHAP. IL Of ASIA. Pages 53 

China — 

Turiy in j4//^ ^. 
The Afiatkk Iflands. 









Sett. I. - 
Sett. II. 
Sett. III. 
Sett. IV. 
Sett. V. 
Sett. VI. 
Sett. VII. 
Sett VIII. 
Sett. JX J 



Biledulgerld — 

Zaara^ or the Dc/^it 


Guinea •— ^^ , 



'{^African Iflands 


Sett. I. 
Scd tl. 
Sett. III. 
Sett. IV. 
Sett. V. 
Sett. VI. 

rNew Spain 
Nova Granac a « 
Florida . 

Terra Canadenfis- 

Terra Arnica — 

^ I TP^ra Firma — 


VII. g J Fern 
vnr > w ^ j»^^ 



Sett. >^. 
Sett. XI. 
Sq(\, Xlir. 
Sett. Xi It. I 
Sett. XI V.J 

] Amazonia .i. 


C/j //• 

Paraguay .-._ 
7*?rr4 MagcUanica 
T^f^a AntariJica. 

The American lilands- 














Page2 53 


- 25^ 

• 278 

- 300 


■;■' r 





Cy Wo R L D 4y ^^^J^'-'^»^ 





H I 


; I* 



1 ' 





Modern Geography. 


Comprehending a 



Terraqueous GLOBE. 


Y a General l^iew of the Terraqueous Glabe, we under Jtood inch d 

profpeft of it and all its appendages, as fufficientlv amounts to a 

fend'ms ( yet complcat ) Syjlem of the true hundament.iU of the 

Me. Body of Modem Geography, In taking fuch a view, we (hall ob- 

|e the following Method. 

l. We fhall illunrate ( by way either of Definitiony Defcripthn^ or 
ivat'm^ efpecially the firft ) all tkofe Terms^ that are any ways nc- 
Bry for the right underflaoding of the aforefaid Globe,, asalfoihc 
\l)t'ical Tables of the Ibllowing Treatife. 

i. Wc 

"I I 



n 1^ 


I r,i 





2 Geographical Defimtions, Part I 

2. We fhall fct down in due Order and Method, ali thofc picafan 
Problems^ or delightful Operations, performable by the Artificii 
Globe: together with rhe manner of their performance. 

3. VVe flrtalJ fubjoin divers plain Gc^graphkat Theorems^ or felf ev,. 
dene Truths, clearly deducible from the foregoing Problems. 

4. We dial! advance fome Paradoxical Pofitions in Matters of Geo. 
graphy^ (era few infallible Truths in Mafq.uerade ; which mainly de- 
pend upon a thorough Knowledge of the Globe j and arc equally cer- 
tain with the aforefaid Theorems, tho'many of 'em may poffibly ap. 
pear to fome as the greatefl ot Fables, 

Laflly, We (hall take a Tranfient Survey of the whole Surface cf 
the Terraqueous Globe, as it confifts of /.^n^and Water ^ as its fole 
conflitucnt Parts. 

Of thcfe five General Heads feparately, and in their order. There- 


Containvrg fome necejjary Geographical Definitions. 

Def. I . /^ E O G R A P H Y [ ^ Sclerice^ both ^ phafant 
V. J and iifefid'] doth mainly conjift ^ in giving a trite 
Defer iptio ft of the exterior Part of the Earthly Globe ^ as ^tis 
co?npos'd of Land and Water, ejpecially the former. 

That Geography doth merit the Title of Science in feveral refpefts, 
and that the Kn nvledge thereof is both pleafant and ufeful to Mankind, 
is 'ruth fo univerfally granted, that 'twere altogetherneedlefsto en- 
ter upon a Probation of it. Geography denwes its compound Name from 
»he two GreeJ^ Primitives of yn, Terra^ and yfoi(pei>yfcr}bo vel defcr'tbo-^ 
and differeth from Cofmogr,ipby^ [ quafi t« ;totr/>t» yfetp^ vel ojTny^etpij^ 
<. e. M4nc/i Drfcriptio'] as a part doth from the whole j as alfo from 
Choro^raphy and Topography, [ quafi q^ ^o^ }^ j^ totS ouTny^^qirjy i. e. 
Regmif ac Loci Defcripth ] as the Whole from its Parts. By a true De- 
fcription of the Exterior Part / theGtobeofthe Earth we underifland purely 
an Account of the Situation, Extent^ Divifions and Subdiv'ifions^ of all 
remarkable Countries on the Surface of the faid G/o6e, together with the 
Names of their C/^/^j and Chief Towns^ and that according as thofc 
Countriesarc already pro je(i>ed to our Hands upon particular Geographi- 
cal Maps, and not an aftual 5«n/ey of Menfuration of 'em, which the 
Scicnr" of Geography prcfuppofcrh, and which properly belongs to 
(fCQdttjia^ or the Arc of Surveying Land. In giving fuch a Dcfcripcion of 




[ift •, 
ir CI 
lot LI 




I the 



I the 
^ of, ^1 

.; Ball, 



r, or fdf ev, 

'cters of Geo. 
i-ft mainly d^. 
? equally cet, 

^e Surface cf 
. as its foie 

^r. There.. 



I . 

pleafaftt T 
^^g a true 

*i\ to en- 
^e from . 

lo from 
P9» i- e. 
rue De- 


of all 
ith the 
5 thofe 
ch the ' 
>gs to 
'on of 

art I. Geographical Defimtiotis, 3 

;ountnes fas aforciaid) doth the Science of Ge\i;r.:phy properly con- 
lift- as for other Narratives rc!ajcing either to Countries themfelvcs, 
r their Inhabitants, and which commonly fwcll up Geographical 
.raits, we reckon them ( tho' the more pleafanr part of thi? Study) 
ather the fringes of Geography, than its real or elibntial I'arts. In the 
,oregoing Definition weintireiy reflrid the Science of Geogr.if'by to the 
exterior Pa^ t or Surface of the Earthly Globe, and that as it's compos'd 
lot' iWand Water^ as its foie conftituenc Parts-, defigning thereby to 
d'ftinguifh it from Natural philofophyy which ( in its curious and plea- 
iint Enquiries) reacheth not only the (aid Surfajeinall itsconilituenc 
I'arts, but alfo the whole Globe of the Earth, with the whole Body of 
the Atmofphere furrounding the fame : Yea, and even the outmofl 
inuginable Expanfe of the r irmament it felf. We again relVift thac 
Science mainly to one Part of the aforefaid Surface (v/^.the Dry Land) 
thereby to dillinguifh it from Hydrography, which particularly treateth 
of the other, namely. Water. The object therefore of Geography in a 
large Senfe, is the whole Surface of the Ball of the Eitth, confifting of 
Land and IVater as its fole conftituent Parts 5 or ( in a ftrid and more 
proper Senfe ) only One of thofe Parts, to wit, the Firm Land, For 
the more diftinftly viewing which Parts, and the better comprehend- 
ing of the Science of Modern Geography in the true Fundamentals there- 
of, wc (hall beg n with that Artificial Reprefentation of the Earthly 
Ball, commonly called the Terraqueous Globe, 

Def. 2. The Terraqueous Globe is an Arttjicial Spheri- 
cal Body, on whofe Convex Fart is truly reprefented the whole 
Surface of the Ball of the Earthy as it confjis of Land and 

This Globe is term'd Terraqueous from Terra and Aqua, ( the two 
conflituent Parts of its Surface ) or Terrejhial todiflinguilh it from the 
Coclcflial ; or finally, the Artificial Globe as a differencing Mark from the 
Natural or Real Globe of the Earth, are all fo nocorioufly known, thac 
the leail Illuflration were wholly fupertluous. We reckon italfbluper- 
fliious to (how, that there is a true Refemblancein Figure, between the 
Artificial and NaturalGlobe, or that the Body of the Earth is truly Sphe- 
rical: This being now beyond all difpute, and never ( at lealt very 
rarely j call'd in queftion, be only by Women and Children, 
But here Note, That in the following Treatife, weintireiy reflridlour 
(elves to this Globe -, fo that wherefoever the Name of Globe is indcti- 
nitely mention'd, we are never to undcrlland theCoelef^ial. Note, alfo, 
that wherefoever we are upon the Surface of the Natural Globe, that 
the Point in the Heavens exaftly vertical to us, is term'd our Zenith ; 
and that Point diametrically Oppofite thereto, is flil'dour Nadir -, which 
are two corrupted Arabian Tcvim in Anronomy importing what is here 
■ affertcd 



i'4 ) 

^trecd of then S'17^""' ^^^V/W. p.., , 

»*« South or Anfarftfck. ' «'' ArQick, ^;,^ f^, ,f^^; ■ 

They are ca/J'd p^/^ / 

*'Jve Pa-rrh. r ^ ' aivided into 


Four Gc^^/^ 

T,„„°."'^'-''''^^ divided into 

it I 

'^ J tiie MeridUn 

) ne fy/^,,^^. * Four LefferA^^^ ^^^^ Tropich 
^The Zodiac Jk viz. S 

Its focali'd from jf-'r ^ 
^'/f^a-^m, it being™ e^oyl^'h'::"T ""' 'f'"'''"- ^"'^ «»/?r,» ,, • 



f Ic'sl 

|o the 
pid pli 



fPoles ; 



: De 


5 Ic'sc 

uin cun, 
that ch 


I Del 

mh t 

fiid L 


'"Reives to on: 

through thi 
h the whok 

^'^' As tins 
in^'ai Globcj 

VheeJ. ^ 
the Axh^ 
the other 


Geographical Defifiitlons: 

irt I. Kjeografnicai, uepmttons: 5 

Ic KatiofialHoriz^on: IheSc fiqte^ is that already dcfcrib'd, bounding 
le outmoft prolpeft of the Eye, when viewing the Heavens round 
jom any part of the Surface ot the Earch ; but th'othcr is purely 
)i!ii'd in the Mind, and fuppofecii the Eye to be placed in the very 
lencre of the Earth, beholding the intire Upper Hcmifphcre of the 
iniiament : The Circle terminating fuch a profpeft is reckon'd the 
rue Ration J Horizon, which is duly rcprclcnted by that broad wood- 
en Circle, ufualiy fitted for all GJobes. Upon which are infcrib'd feve- 
1 ochu*r Circles, particularly tiiofe two containing the Names of the 
lonchs, and Number of their Days, according to the Jitlian and 
}rcgorian Account ^ as alfo That other divided into the Thirty two 
foincs of the Compais. 

Def. 6. The Meridian is that great Circle^ which^ P^ffi^^g 
them the ihrough the two Poles ^ dwideth the Globe into two equal Parts, 
r V'*^"^ 4rw ^ the Eallern and Weftern Hemifpheres. 

"r n ^^^ ^ '^ * ^° call'd from Merid'ies vel med'ms dies, becaufe the Sun, coming 
'^n'H '^'^'^ |o the Meridian of any place, is due South, or maketh Mid-day in the 
" ^"^ ^aid place. The Meridian here defin'd is that great brazen Circle, in 
vhich the Globe turncth round upon the two Extremities of its Axis 
palTing through the faid Circle ; but the Meridians infcrib'd on the 
lobe it felf, are thofe Thirty fix Semicircles terminating in both the 
JPoks; befides which we may imagineasmany as we pleafe; only Note, 
TThatoneof thofe Meridians is always reckon'd the firfl\ however it's 
^matter of indifference, which of them we take for fuch. 

g Def. 7. The Equator or Equinoctial, is that grettt Circle 
%r(>hich divideth the Globe into two equal Parts^ called ths 

iiouthern and Northern Hemifpheres. 

It's call'd Equator, becaule the San coming to this Circle, tune ^qifan- 
iiii m^esfy dies, or £^«/n(j///rt/ for the lame rcafon, viz, xquaHtds ml}i-> 
urn cum diebus. By others it's fimply term'd the Line j(^t' sjo^^wy, and 
that chiefly by Navigators, as being of fingular ulein their Operations. 
It's divided into 560 degrees, and thofe are reckon'd round the Globe, 
beginning at the firft Meridian, and proceeding Eaflward. 

Def. 8. The Zodiac k is that great broad Circle which cut* 
tcth the Equifio^ial Line obliquely, one Jide thereof extend' 
ivpt felf fo far North, as the other doth to the South of th^ 
fiid Line, 

It's fo call'd from ^&oi', (Animal) becaufe it's adorn'd with Twelve 
Allcrifms, (commonly term'd the Twelve Signs) being moft of them 
Rej3refentationj of divers Animals. The Namei aad Charadters oi 
whivJi Signs are thcfe following. : r? ♦ 

• Hbrrhe 
, and the 
^'c ir, jioc 
ded with 
dcd into 



I? the 




' ,f 





6 Geographical Definitions. Part Art 

■ this 
Aries, Taurus. Gemini, Cancer, Leo, ^'irg'). »m5 h) 

- -^ Q n & ^ ^^)c iDetl 

^Libra* Scorpio, Sagittar us, CapricoriiHf, Aquarius. Pi/ces, MitC (\ 

** ^ 711 ^ vs xsi ^ mM 

Of all Circles infcrib'd on either of the Globes, this a!one admits ota;^^^' 
Latitude, and is divided in the middlQ by a Concentrick Circle, term'd J^^^^ 
the Ec'iptick^ which properly is that Circle fee upon the Globe compre-J^ ^^\ 
hending the Characters of the Twelve iigns above mentioned, each of If '^^'^ ^ 
which Signs is - ' P'^'"^ ^^ ^^'^^^ Circle, and concr^ins jo degrees. i De 

Def. 9. The Tropic ks are the two bjggeft of the four Jl^^^^^ ^j 

L^lJcr Circles, rvhich run parallel to the Equator^ and an 

equid'iftant therefrom. 

They're term'd Trr^pkks from rfsTO), {verto) becaufe the Sun in his 
annual Courfc, arriving at one of thofc Circles, doth return towards 
die other. Tlicy derive their refpeftive Denominations of Cancer and 
Capricorn from touching the Zodiack at the two Signs of that Name, 
and each of them is difianc from the Ecjuator, exattly 23 dcgr. -i. 

Def. ic. The Polar Circles are the two leaft of the four 
Leffer Circles rminivg parallel to the Equator.^ avd at the 
fame dijiance from the Poles^ as the Tropicks are from the 


They're term'd Vofar^ becaufe of their Vicinity to the Poles. That 
Circle nearefl tlie North, is calJ'd the Ar^'ick ^ and th'other, next to 
the South Pole, tlie Antartikk Polar Circle^ and that for the leafon 
already given, ( V:j. 4. ) when treating of the Poles thcmfelves. 

Thcfe are the eight nccefTary circles above mention'd •, but to corn- 
pleat the Furniture of the Globe, there remain as yet but three Par* 
ticuljrs, v'r. the Harary Circle^ the Quadrant of Altitude^ and Semi' 
Circle of Pcfition. 

Def. T I . The Horary Circle is a fmall Circle of Brafs, 
andfo affixt to the Brazeit Meridian^ that the Pole ( or evd of 
the Axis ) proves its Center. 

Upon this Circle arc infcrib'd the Twenty four Hours of the 
Natural Day at equal diftances from one another ^ the XII, for Mid- 
day being in the upper part cowards tlKZenith, and th'other XII. for 
Midnight in the lower towards the Hmx^on -, fo that the Howrs before 
Noon are in the Eafierrij and thofc for the Afternoon in the Weflern 
Scmi-Circle: As for an Index to this Horary Circle, the fame is tixt 
upon the end of the Axis, and curnech round with the Globe. TheUfe 






)ne admits of 

^Tcle, term'd 

Part Art L Geographical Dejinittovs, 7 

this Circle and Index will fufficiently appear in many pleafant Pro- 
ms hereafter mention'd. 

Def. 12. The Qiiadrant of Altitude h a Jiarrow thin 
\xte of pliable Brajs^ e^a^ly aiijwerable to a fourth fart of 

Upon this (Quadrant, are infcrib'd 90 Degrees, each of 'em being 
cording to the fame Scale with thole upon the Equator. Howufcful 

be com pre" 1'^ Quadrant is, will alio appear in the Solution of feveral Problems 

ned, each of f''^^^^^'^ mention'd. 

agrees. I j)ef^ I ^ . The Semi-Circle of Pofition is a narrow foUd 

f the four Mite of Brafsy exa^ly ajijwerable to one half of the Equi- 

, and arew^ial* 

A Upon this Scmi-CircIe are infcrib'd 180 Degrees, exaftly the fame 
th thofe upon the Equinoftial. We may term it a double Quadrant 
Altitude in fome relpeft, and it is of confiderable life in feveral 
lightful Problems. 

To thefe I might add the Mariner's Compafsy that moft neccffary Tn- 

rument, commonly us'd by Navigators, which being duly touch'd with 

e Loadftone, and horizontally fixt upon the Pedeflal of the Globe, 

frequently needful for the right solution of feveral Problems. 

The necelTary Circles of the Globe being Eight (asaforelaid ): Of 

nem, and fome others, hereafter mention'd, are form'd the Latitude 

^ni Long tnJe oi Places, dSili^o Zones and Clinuites, 

'Jes. That I Def 14. Latitude is the dijlance from the Equator to 
r, next to fither of the Kles^ and meafured upon the brazen or firfi 
:hereafon pyUian, 

^ ^^^' I No Term is more frequently us'd in Geography than that of Latitutle^ 
vhich is two-fold , v'it;^. North and South. In reckoning of the Northern 
.xt'itude^ you are to bcgm at the Equinoftial Line, and proceed to the 
rftick: And the Sonthern^ivom the Cquinoftial to the Antarftick Pole; 
tiil numbring the Degrees of Latitude, either upon the brazen, or firfl 
cridian. The many Circles infcrib'd on the Globe, at the diftance 
f 10 degrees from one another, and parallel to the Equator, are ccrnVd 
nr.tUets of Latitude. But befides thofe aftually infcrib'd, vvc arc ta 
onceive the Globe as furniflf d with a vad multitude of fuch Circles ; 
or every Degree of Latitude, yea, and every fixtieth part of each de- 
rce, is fuppofed to have an imaginary Parallel Circle, pafling through 
he fime. But fmce Latitude (as aforefaid) is the DiOance from the 
"quator to either of the Poles •, it from hence follows, that the greatert 
atitude confifteth of 90 Degrees. N:nv correfpondent to each of thofe 
c^recs ^or the-r^^- of a great Circle in the Heavens ) is a certain 
of the Surface of thf Earth, wh'ch is every whereof the fame Ex- 

e Sun in his 
irn towards 
Cancer and 
that Name, 
cgr. 1, 

f the four 
vd at the 
from the 

xt to com- 
hree Par- 
nd Semi- 

f Brafs, 
'>r end of 

of the 
for Mid- 
XIL for 
rs before 
e Weflern 
le is fixt 

?piCC I 



: )■ H 

" l": 

« <b 




8 Geographical Dejimtions, Part Vartj 

tent in it felf, but different in its number of Parrs, according to tl; 
ditferent reckoning of various Countries. To know the faid differen 
number of Parts, (of what fort (oever, whether they htMUs^Lsagut 
oi o\\itx Mcafures) correfponding to one Degree in the Heavens, 
abfolutely necclTary for the right undcrftanding ot the true Viflar^ 
of Places in different Countries, wc fhall therefore illuiirate the faim 
and that by the following Table. 

rCommon Italian^ Englifh^ and TurkifJ) Mi'es -^_- 60 1 

Ordinary French Leagues 







Span'iff) Miles, according to Vulgar reckoning — 
Germany Dutchy Daiiifljy and Greaf Poland Miles 

Miles ufual in SrvedeUnd » n 

Miles ufual in Hungary ■ ■' 

The Verjh of Mofcovy ■ 

Perftany Arabtany and Egyptian Parafanga 

The Indian Cos • — 

The Shades of China • — — 

The Inh of 

But here Note, that tho' thefe are the moft remarkable Meafures oti 
Diftance throughout the inhabited World, with their refpeftiv^e rroj 
portion to one Degree in the Heavens ; yet, we are not to imaginej 
that thefe Meafures are of the fame Extent in the various Provinces cij 
the fame Country j as is evident from the different length of I eaguesl 
in ditferent Parts of^ France j as alfo thediverficy of Miies in the^owZ/jj 
and North of England, 

Def. i^. LongitiiJe is the Dijlance from the faH Men 
iian^ avdineafured vfon the Equator, J 

In reckoning the various Degrees of Longitude (which are 5^0 inal'jil 
you are to begin at the (irft Meridian where-ever it is, and to proceed i 
upon the Equator quite round the Globe. Correfpondent to each oi 
thofe Degrees in the Equator, (as to Degrees of Latitude on the Men- ■ 
dian] arc fixty Italian Miles, or twenty French Leagues, according to. 
Vulgar Calculation : But this is to be underflood only of Places exaftly 
under the Equator j for the imt Diftancc between two Places lying due 
Eafi and Weft in any conliderable Latitude, is far lefs in Miles, than be- 
iwccn other two Places lying exadly under the Equator, and likewife 
under the fame Meridians-, theReafon of which is mofl evident,nanie- 
Iy,the approaching of the Meridians nearer and nearer to one another, 
till at lafl they unite all in the Pole -y But that you may readily find 
the true Diflance in Miles from Eaft to Wefl^ between any tvsro I'laces 
in any Parallel of Latitude ♦, we fhall here fubjoin the following Table: 
In which is fct down, to every Degree ofLaiitude,theexaft Number of 
Miles, and fixticth part of a Mile, that are anfwerablc to one Degree 
ifi the Equator ^ ftiil allowing fixty Italian Miles to iuch a Degree. 



four i 




Part fert I. Geographical Definitions. 

cording to tlj 
faid differenl 

he Heavens, 

e true Difla^ 
frace the fair 






— - — 250 i 

—■ — 400 4 

; Meaftjres 0; | 
rpeftive lYo | 
c to imagine, 
Provinces CI] 
'1 of 1 eaguei 


to proceed 
t to each of 
»n the Men- 
^s lying due 
's, than be* 
lid likewife 
le another,, 
eadily find 
two i'iaces 
ing Table; 
Number of 
ne Degree 












+ r 




































































































































































































































































Def. 16. Zones are large TraHs of the Surface of the 
Earth, lying Parallel to the Equator, and diJUnguiJIi d by the 
four lejfer Circles of the Globe. 

They're terni'd Zones from ^eSvti, [Zona velCingulttm'}^ becaufethcy 
cncompafs the Globe of the Earth in fome manner, as a Girdle doth 
(urround the Body of a Man, and are in number Five. 

Two Frigid y- e g ) The Polar Circles, and the Poles. 

N*S ^ C ^^^ ^^^^^ Circles, and the Tro- 
'Two Temperate J ^^ ^ picks. 

y S ^ * The Two Tropicks, and divided by 
1 One Tarrid ( ^^^ the Equator. 
Of thefe the ancient imagm'd only thd Two Temperate to be habi- 
table, efteemingthc fcorchingHeatofche Torrid, and pinching Cold 
of the two Frigid, to be equally intolerable, iKcording to that of the 
I'oec. C ^uarum 




i|«" ■: 


Geographical Defnltiom. Part i 

^ ^ ■~'~~ -Ovid Metam. 1. 

the length of the >fl"i:[nt>''' ^f''^' '' ^orth, tha^ 
o*ber, by half an hZ ^ ^ '" ""' ^"'^'^'^ that in tl. 






,i" '°'*- Not to mention whi/rt , tie equator, and indine te 
«her as to their number or " ^''^ Ancients taught of ClimatM .i 

vmy the Nuafber of\„°?o s^^'i'':"*'^''"'' Geographers havead 

Day ; and fronuhe Polar Crc^''^^.'''»f'-?''ce °»:- "ourin thelongcft 
fromthe difference of an inScM^^^^^^^^ 



one J at 
dns of t 

i Def. 
'hkh I 
1)6 Pat 

iJie two- 

I Def. 
it the h 


The In] 
-loftial Ut 

••' IM, 

which ha 

ihove^ a\ 

• f^rtly abi 

■pllel Ch 

■ TheTnli 
■lie Globe 
But havi 


i-- * 

Part I 

'art I. Geographical Definitions. 


ecam. I. 

rface of th, I 
'did to tk \ 
forth, thai | 
that intk I 

Climates between the l^olar Circles and the Pole? 

d. m.d. 

Par. Lac. Par. 
67 7,®6g 

I at. 


Breadth, Breadth. 


OO 02 


[ Month. 2 Month 




Par. La t. Par. Lat, 




Par. Lat. I Par. Lat. 

j Month. 4 Month.' 5 Month- 






v'o]] becauff 

id incline re Having thus taken a view oFthe chief C/rc/c/ belonging to the Ter- 
ClimaceSjcL ttftrial Globe, as alfo the manner how L^ri/wt/f and LngU ude mxh 
c's futficiem k^nes and Climates are fram'd : Proceed we next to the various Pofiti- 
crs have ad- ^^^ oi the Globe, commonly term'd Spheres^ which arc three in Num- 
hof theFo-'ler, v'l^. Parallel^ Right ^nd Oblique, 

sIk^S^ j DeE 1 8. ^ P arallel Sphere, isthatPofiionofthe Globe, 
'uhefirft t'-"'^^^ ^^^^ thefe three Properties-^ viz. (i.) The Poles iyi the 
', and in #t7/W and Nadir , (2.) The Equator in the Horizo7i : (7,.) 


'd,x//>. thi f he Parallel Circles parallel to the Horizojt, 

)lhU^ll^ The Inhabitants of this Sphere arc thofe (if any) who live under 
»cnor em, ^],e two- Poles. 

P^f. 1 9. A Fvight Sphere is that Pojition of the Globcy 
which hath thefe three Properties ; viz. (l.) Both the Poles 
k the Horizon. (2.} The Equator pajhig through the Zenith 
mi Nadir. (3.) The Parallel Circles perpendicular to the 


i The Inhabitants ot this Sphere, arc they who live under the Equi- 
ioftial Line. 




Def. 20. An Oblique Snhere is that Pofiticu of the Globe 
H^hich hath thefe three Properties ^ viz. (i.) One of the Poles 




The Inhabitants of this Sphere, are they who live on all Parts ot 
tlie Globe of the Earth j except thofe cxad^ly under the Poles, and 

fquinotVal Line. 
, But having no regard to thefe Fofitions of the Globe ^ the vario s 
Inhabicamsof the Earth arc likewifcconfidercdwichrclpeft to thclc- 
,' C 2 vcitJ 



I. >(i!' ■'■ 





'I': r 







1 2 Geographical Defimttom. Part 

vera! Afer:dUns and Parallds, peculiar co their Habitaftbns -, and t 
under chcfc three Titles, viz. .In^^'d, Ferine], and Antipodes. 

I^eE 21. 7Z>^ Ant:eci, arc thofe People cf the Earth ji v^^ 
//I'e «wJ,T f/;^yjw£; Meridian, hut oppojite Parallels. l^)'^ 

Pcculhr to fuch People arc thefc following Particulars; v'l^. (^^ 
They fjavc hoth rhe fame Elevation of the Pole, but not the famcl'c 5'^ 
(2.) They are equally difhnt from the Equator, but on ditferenc (id tl|ty 
(g. They have moft Noon ;ind Midnight at the fame time. (4.} T J^"^' 
tjays of one are equal to the Nights of the other, ^ vice verfa (■ fTh 
Their Scafons ol the Year are contrary j it being W inter to one, >vi 1^ ^ 
Summer to the other, ^c, ' icvera] 

Def. 22, 77;t' Pemci, are thofe People of the Earth k^^^I 
live uvder thefwie Parallels^ but oppoftte Meridians. Mtijl tl 

Pecuhartofuch People are thefe following Particulars^ i''^. (» )0 ^^^ 
of the Poles is equally elevated to both, and th' other equ;i Hy deprefs 
Cz.) They arc equally diftant from the Equator, and both on the fa: 
fide. (5 ) When it is noon to one, it is Midnight to the other, &c( 
fra. (4.) The length of the Day to one, is the Comphr^tntofi 
others Night, & vicevcrfa. ($,) They both agree in ^h *< 'calc 
of the Year, (^c. 

^ Def. 2^. The Antipodes, are thofe People of the Earth wi 
live under oppojite Parallels and M^:ridians. 

Peculiar to fuch I'eople are tliefe following Particulars.!^/^. (i.)Th 
have both the fame Elevation of Pole. (2 ) They are both equa. 
diftant from the Equator-, but on different lides, and in oppofite Hen , _ - 
fpheres. f^.) When ir's Noon to one, it's Midnight to the other, ^', j^ a I 
ce vcrfa. (4.) The longeft Day or Night to the Ore, is the ftiortell ^^y^ ( 
the other. (5.) Their Scafons of the Year arc ontrary, ^c. 

The Inhabitants of the Earth, were likcwife confidered by the A ^^' ^ 
dents with refpeft to the Diver lity of their Shadows, and accordii^ ' ' 
rcduc'd to three Clalies j viz. Ampbifciiy Fnifcii, and Heterofcii. 

Def. 24. Aniphifcii, were thofe People of the Earth r 
Uv'din the Zom\ or between the two Tropicks, 

They're lo term'd from dfjLipi \^iitrinque']im\ ^xja \jumb> a']jhcai 
they call their Shadows on both fidesof em, t'/:^. Northand South^i 
cording to the Nature of the sun'i Declination. 


Def. 2$. Perifcii, wero thofe People of the Earth who 
in the Frigid Zones ^ or between the Polar Cirdes and 

They I 




aftbns ; and t 

he Earth n 

culars ; v',^, ( 
3t the fame I'c 
n d liferent fid 
time. f4.j)T 
^ vice verfa (■ 
:er to one, wl 

\he Earth » 

och on the far 
'Other, (^'cc 

ptart I. Geographical Definitions. I? 

They're fo call'd irom 'srse^ [C/Vt-j] and <rx^rf ['L'w/'r^], becaul'i* 

!:y caft their Shadows round about them towards all Points of the 

VDef^ 26. Hetero{f:ii, were thofe Peophcfthe Earth who 
iivd in the two Temperate Zo7tcs ^ or hcttrecn the Tropicks 
and the Polar Circles, 

They're fo call'd from It^^Q-, [^Altcy^ and (Dud [Vmb^a'], becaufc 
tlicycaft their Shadows only one way ^ vtz. Norths it in the N)rtb tem- 
nlratei or Souths if in the South temperate Zone. 
^The Earthy in refpeft of ics Inhabitants, was likcwife conddercd by 
l|)e Ancients as divided into the R'lf^ht-ffandtind the Left ^ and that by 
ieveral lorts of Tcrfons-, 1;/^, (i.) Poets^ who accounted North the 
Rigbt-Hand, and So'^th the Left, (z.) AJironomen\ who accounted ^ejl 
f|e Right-Hand, and Ball the Left. (^,) Geographers^ who accounted 
Jfcr/?cheRight-Handi and Well the Left. 

, But leaving the various Inhabitants of the Earth, and to comeclofer 
our maiH Defign^ let us return to the Globe of the Earth it felf, con- 
ler'd fimply as a Spherical Body, whofe Surface we arc to view as 
impos'd of Land and IVater^ as ics fole conftituent V'arti and thole 
Parts, thus fubdivided as followeth ; to wit. 

he Earth w: 

Land into 

Continents^ IJlhmus's^ 
IjUndsy Promontories^ 

Feninfida'Sf Mountains, 

Water into 

Oceans^ Straits, 

S^afy Likes y 

Oulfs^ Rivers. 

cbothequa . r t x • 1 

oppofiteHeM Dcf. 27. J Continent iLat, Contintns acontineo J 
jc other, ^^ |^ a large attdfpacious Space of dry Land^ comprehending di- 
Che fhortcli ^^^^ Countries.^ Kijtgdoms and States alijoind together with- 
•cd by the A ^^^^ -^^jy vttire Separation of its ^ arts by Water, 

d accord irij 

e Earth r 


th who . 
Ics and I 


et. 28. An Ifland L^''^' Infula, quafi in falo] is a 
^ ..t fdry Land environed round with Water, 
\ \kt 29. A Peninfula[quafi pene Infula, otherwife Cher- 
i[()neiLis from x.*?<^<3", Terra, and vntrQ , Infula] is a part 
if the d^^ Land every where enclofed With Water ^ fave one 
fijrrnwAeck adjoifiing the fame to the Continent: 

Def. 30. An Ifthmus [ab£<a"«f" vel ^^1*1/^.^ ingredicr]w 
that 7iarrowNeck of Land anytexing the Peninfula to the Con- 
fiHCv.t ^ by which People may enter into one from the other. 

i C ^ Dei. 3i» 




Geographical Defin 

Land. ^"^""""""^'"-w^ c'Cape^^rHea * 

"^"^ '4^ i.'5;r '«'*^''*-'- ^^ikS f "' 

^'''-^^ns ] £, , ;; JXt y^f ' 'J"'^^"" ^"° mare com. f"""" 
^^/'f, except r'. p,LT,,f'>? ''^»o environed witl h"' 
-^>^o:.ri„,S. ^!;:^;^,;;'y'^'^'''''''-'''cates.itb Z fc^J 

y^« mare pro, t;'L/;^^^^^^^^^ Pre 

'^^&-' or occun to anSer!"^ "' ^^'''"^ "'" "'"--i'"^^ "/ '.he Ji, 
fovea] M ^ rm,nrJin- ■^^^"'^' •' *^''- ^''''"'-©- FofT. „.l «''''''™'' 

iJ^^ovkUle Sf/LS"^";" K^j Fluvius, a flue] 
'^:^»-,o,„ Fountai,. and conn Ju, rr -^'"^ ""^"Z <"« «r 

I 'Jtccci m tilt next place ro 




By I 

of Kijii 
and th( 
place \ 
place is 

, Pro 


Geographical Problems, 



; trob. ^ • Tp ^^' Diameter of the JrtijicLil Globe helv^ pi- 
; i I vcv^ to fijtd its Svrface in Square^ and Us Soli- 

iity in Cubick Meaftire. 

V Multiply the Diamercr by the Circumference (or a great Cirrle divi- 
ding the lobe inro two equal Parts) and the Produrt vvillgivethchrft: 
Then Multiply the laid produ^by '^ of the Diameter, and the Produrt 
4)f that will give the fecond. After the fame manner we may find the 
Surface and S jlidity of the Natural Globe, as alfo the whole Dody of 
the Atmofpherefurroundingche fame, providingit bealways and every 
where ofthe fame height; for having found the perpendicular height 
Ihereof by that common Experiment of the afcenr of Mercury at the 
foot and top of a Mountain-, double the faid Height, and add the 
tame to the Diameter of the Earth ; then multiply the whole (as a new 
piamcter) by its proper Circumference, and fronuhc Produft fubflraft 
flic Solidity of the Earth, the Remainder will give the Solidity of the 

Prob. 2. To Recife the Globe, 

1 The Globe being fct upon a true Plain, raife the Pole according to 
the given Latitude ; then fix the C^uadrant oi Altitude in the Zenith, 
and (if any Mariner's Compats upon the Pedeftal) let the Globe be 
ibfituatedj^as that the brazen Meridian may fland due5ow//; and Norths 
%ccording to the two Exircmities of the Needle. 

Prob. ^. To find the Longitude avd Latitude of any place. 

By Langituiie we do not here underftand thnOpprohrium Kavigatorum 
of Eijimg and Wefl'tng^hwt fimply the diflancc between the given place 
and the firfl Meridian infcrib'd on the Sarface of the Clobe. For the 
finding of which, bring the given place to the Eafl fide of the brazen 
Meridian, and obferve what Degree of the I quator is juff under the faid 
Meridian, for that is the Degree of Longitude peculiar to the given 
place ; and the Degree of the Meridian exactly aibovc that place is its 
proper Latitude, which is eitherSow^/^ernor Northern^ according as the 
place is Soitb or Korth of the Equinoftial Line. 

Prob. 4. The Lovt^itude and Latitude of any place being 

given^ to find that place on the Globe, 

C 4 Bfing 



!" .♦> 




in i 1 



Geographical Problems, 

Part ! I Pc 


Bring the given Degree of Longitude ro the brazen Meridian \ re | 
kon upon the fame Meridian the Degree of given Latitude, vvhet't | 
iiijuth or SoYth^ and make a mark with Chilk where the rcckonic I 
cndsi the Point cxaftly under that Chalk is the place dcfir'd. 

Prob. %, The Latitude of any place being given^ to find x 
thofe Places thM have the fame Latitude. 

The Globe being re^ificd (<i) according to the Latitud 

(a) Prob, 2. of the given place, and that place being brought to t\: 

brazen Meridian, make a mark cxaftly above the lame 
and turning the Globe round, all thole places paffing under the fa, 
mark, have the fame Latitude with the given place. 

Prob. 6. To find the Sun's place in the EcUptick at a^:^ 

T he Month and Day being given, look for the fame upon the vvoodc: 
Horizon, andover-againfl the Day you will find the particular Sign anc 
Degree in which the >S«/t is at that time Tobferving withal the diffcrena 
between the Ji<lian and Gregorian Calendar) which Sign and Degret 
being noted in the Ecliptick, the fame is the Sun'i place (or prettj 
near it) at the time dcfired. 

Prob. 7. The J forth and Day being given^ as alfo the par 
ticular time of that Day^ to find thofe places of the Glok, 
to which the Sun is in their Meridian at that particuUr 

The Pole being elevated according to the Latitude of the given place; 
bpng the faid place to rhe brazen Meridian, and fettingthe Index of 
the horary Circle ^t rhe Hourof the Day, in the given place, turn the 
Globe till the Index point at the upper figure of XII. which done, fix 
the Globe in that fituation and oE^ferve what places are exaftly under 
the upper Hernifphere of the brazen Meridian, for thofe are the places 

Prob. 8. To htov? the Length of the Day and Night in an) 
Tlace of the Earth at any time. 

Elevate the Pole (4) according to the Latitude of the given 

{i)Prob.z. place-, find the Sun\ place in rhe Ecliptick {b) at that time, 

which being brought to the Eaflfideof the Horizon, fct 

(b) Prob 6. the Index of the Horarv Circle at Noon (or the upper 

Figure of 12.) and turning the Globe about till thcafore- 
faid place of the Ecliptick touch ihcWejicrn fideof the Hori:fon5 lopk 
jpon the Horary Circle, and \vhercfoever the Index pointech, reckon 














Part ! 

Meridian ; re 
:itude, vvhet!( 
• the rcckonic 

to find I 


'ght I 



)f thegiven 

that time, 

orizon, fee 

the upper 

the afore- 

i?on, lopk 

h, reckon 


to the Latitud 

Tought to th i 

)ove the f jnif i 

Jnder the fai; I 

'Jftick at ay. 

•n the vvoodc: 
:u]ar Sign an: 
n and Degre; 
-e (or prett) 

the Globe, 

given placci 
the Index of 
ice, turn the 
:h done, fix 
uftly under 
e the places 


part I. Geographical Problems. 17 

the Number of Hours between the fame and the upper Figure of 12. 
for that is the Length of the Day at the time deiir'd, the Complement 
whereof is the Length of the Night. 

Prob. 9. To find by the Globe the Anticci, Peri^eci ani 
Antipodes, of ajiy given phce. 

Bring thegiven Place to the brazen Meridian, and find- 
ing (a) its true Latitude, count upon the Equator the fame (a) Prob,^, 
Number of Degrees towards the oppofite i*ole, and ob- 
ferve wherethe reckoning ends, for that isthc Flaccof thcAntxcJ. The 
given Place continuing under the brazen Meridian, fct the Index of the 
Horary Circle at Noon, and turning the Globe about till the. fame Point 
at Mid-night (or the lower 1 2.) the place which then comes to the Meri- 
diaQ,(having the fame lat tude with the former) is that of the PerUch 
As for the Antipodes of the given Place, reckon from the faid place upon 
the brazen Meridian 180 Degrees, cither South or lHorth^ or as many 
Degrees beyond the farthefl Pole as you are to the ncareft ; and obfervc 
cxaOIy where the reckoning ends, for that is the place defir'd. 

Prob. 10. To know what a Clock it is by the Globe in any 
place in the World^ and at any time^ providing you knam the 
Hour of the Day where you are at the fame time. 

Bring the place in which you are to the brazen Meridi- 
an (the Pole being raifcd {b) according to the Latitude (b) Prob» 5, 
thereof) and fet the Index of the Horary Circle at the 
Hour of the Day at that time. Then bring the delired Place to the 
brazen Meridian, and the Index will point out the prefent Hour at 
that place where-ever it is, 

Prob. II . To know by the Globe when the Great Mogul of 
India, andCzd.t of Mofcovia,y/t down to Dinner. 

This being only to know when it's Noon at Agra and Mofcow^ (the 
Imperial Seats of thofe Mighty Monarchs } which we may very eafily 
do, at what time foever it be, or wherefoevcr we are: For finding (by 
the foregoing Problem) the prefent Hour of the Day in the Cities above- 
mention'd, fuppofing withal that Mid-day in thcaforefaidCitiesis Di- 
ning-time, we may readily determine how nearic is to the time defir'd. 

Prob. 1 2. T J find the Hour of the Day by the Globe at any 
time when the Sun fimes. 

Divide your Ecliptick L. le into twenty four equal Parts, and in fmall 
Figures fi^t down the Hours of the Natural Day after the following 
manner. At the Interfc^ioni of the Ecliptick and Equator place the 
r igure 6 j and bring boih thefe Figures co the brazen Meridian, one 




for the /af{ °L"'*, G'obe upon wh"d, the \.T'; "''"«'>' ">« '>» 

'." T*' /^i •"C 

• «"«' in the Zenic^,''"'".""'"""- Afte? th s'^'fix tVo"S, '"-^ ^me to 


thereby the Hour oj the Dly' ^"^ ^^'^^ «^ «^'y time, tifad 

O) rrcl.. 6. the Zenith, an'd ^vS ■fL'^r'^"'"?"^ "^ ^It ude^^^ 
"theobferv;^^KoV''i"'"'> '''-"^*"Tfed^ 

Dy^ S gioen, to find thereby the Hour of the 


i I 


6 t\ 



Part I 

here. Whid* 
^in this order 
ivn die other 
1 <^. The Eg Li i- 
fc the Globe 
here you arc, 
linox to the 
fituating the 
t^y that halt 
wlJy fhine ; 
lys flievv the 

^ht of the 
four of the 

le Latitude 
t that time 
'^acein the 
Jc fame to 
ntof Alti- 
icuJar De. 
3ry Circle 
itude, till 

» obfervc 

to find 

iace (3; 
Jtude in 
the true 
:>n, and 
'ith the 
le Day, 

'Xce in 
of the 


J^art L Geographical Vrohlems. 19 

^ Elevate the Pole according to the given Latitude, and 
ficuatcthe Globe duly S'o«r/;and North (a) by the Mariners (a) Prob, z. 
Compafs^ thenfixa'fmall Needle perpendicularly in the 
S n's Place in the Eclipcick, and, bringing the fame to the brazen Me- 
ridian, fetthe Index of the Horary Circle at Noon^ Which done, turn 
tiie Globe till the Needle caft no Shadow at it, and then obfcrve the 
Index, for it will then point at ttie true Hour of the Day. 

Prob. t6. Any Place behtg ^Iven to move the Globe fo 
as that the wooden Horizon [hall be the Horizon of the fame. 

Bring the given IMace to the brazen Meridian, and reckon from it 
upon the faid Meridian the nuinber of 9© Degrees towards either of 
the Poles, and where the reckoning ends, place that part of the Me- 
ridian in the Notch of the wooden Horizon, and it will prove the Ho- 
rizon ot the given Place. 

Prob. 17. To find the Meridian Line by the Globe in any 
place^ and at any ti?ne of the Day. 

The Latitude of the Place being known, and the Globe 
(a) elevated accordingly, obferve the height of the Sun (a) Prob, 2. 
above the Horizon at that time, and draw upon a true Plain 
a ftreight Line in, or Parallel to the Shadow of a Stile perpendicularly 
erefted upon that Plain : In which defcribe a Circle at an opening o£ 
the CompalTes, and find (b) the Sun's Place in the Ecliptick, 
and mark his obferved height in the Quadrant of Altitude, (b ; Prob. z. 
Then move the Globe together with the faid Qu*drant, 
till that Mark in the <^uadrant, and the Sun's place in the Ecliptick, 
come both in one 5 which done, count upon the wooden Horizon the 
number of Degrees between the Quadrant of Altitude, and the brazen 
Meridian, and fet off the fame number of Degrees upon theaforefaid 
Circle drawn upon the Plain, by making a vifible Point in the Circum- 
ference where the reckoning ends, (beginning ftill at the fide towards 
the Sunt and proceeding £<</? or lit;/]^ according to the time of the Day.) 
Then draw a Line from that Point in the Cinumference through tnc 
Centre of the faid Circle, and the fame will prove the true Meridian 
Line of that Place, at what time foever the Oblervation is made, 

Prob. 18. ^ Place being given in the Torrid Zone^ to find 
thofeDaysin which the Sun fiaU be vertical to the fame. 

Bring the given Place to the brazen Meridian and mark what Degree 
of Latitude is exactly above it. Move the Globe round, and obfcrfC 
the two Points of the Ecliptick that pafs through the faid Degree of 
Latitude, Search upon the wooden Horizon (or by proper Tables of 


I ^l ^' 


20 Geographical Problems, Part I 

the Sun% Annual Motion) on what D.iys he paffeth through the afore- 
laid Points of the Eclipcick, tbr thofe are the Days required in which 
the S«n IS vertical to the given Place. 

Prob. 1 9. The Month and Bay behig givcn^ to jini by the 
Globe thofe places of the North Frigid Zone ^ where the Sun 
beginneth then to IJnne covfta}*tly jyithout fetti7tg : as alfo thofe 
places of the South Frigid Zone^ in which he then beginnetb 
to be totally abfent. 

The Day givcn» (which muft always be one of thofe, either between 
the Vernal liquinox and Summer Solfticc, or between the Autumnal 
Equinox and Winter Solftice) find T^) the 5««'s Place in 
(a) Prob»6» the Ecliptick, and marking the fame bring it to the brazen 
Meridian, and reckon the like number of Degrees from the 
North Pole towards the Equator, as there is betwixt the Equator andthe 
Suni Place in the Ecliptick, and feta mark with Chalk where the rec- 
koning ends. Which done, turn the Globe round, and all the places 
paffing under the faid Chalk are thofe in which the Sun begins tofhine 
conftantly without fetting upon the given Day. For Solution of the 
latter part of the Problem ; let off the fame diftance from the South 
Pole upon the brazen Meridian towards the Equator, as was formerly 
fet off from the North, and making a mark with Chalk, and turning 
the Globe round, all Places pafTmg under the faid mark are thofe de- 
iir'd, viTi- f '^'^"^ '" ""^'^ ich the Sun beginneth his total Abfence, or Dif- 
appearance from the given Day. 

Prob. 20. A Place being given in the North Frigid 
Zowe, to find by the Globe what number of Days the Sun 
doth conftantly JIme upon the faid Place^ and what Days 
be is abfent^ as alfo the firjt and laft Day of his appea- 

Bring the given place to the brazen Mci .dian, and ob- 
(a)pro^. 2. fcrving its Latitude, {a) elevate the Globe accordingly, 
then turn the Globe about till the firft Degree of Cancer 
come under the Meridian, and count the fame number of Degrees upon 
the Meridian from each fide of the Equator, as the Place is difhnt 
front the Pole^ and making a mark where the reckoning ends,turnthe 
Globe round, and carefully obferve what two Degrees of the Ecliptick, 
pafs e:caft]y under the two Points mark'd in the Meridian, for the 
Northern Arch of the Circle ('ufr that comprehended between the two 
mark'd Degrees) being reduc'ct to time, will give the number of Days 
that the Sun doth conftantly fhine above the Horizon of the given 
Place, 4nd the oppoficc Arch of the faid Circle will give the number of 


' 7 









Part / 

igh the afore, 
ircd in wiiicfi 

fid by the 
^rt; the Sim 
as alfo thofe 
n beghmeth 

:her between 
he Autumnal 
^//»'s I'iace in 
the brazen 
ecs from the 
ere the rec- 
ti the places 
ition of the 
n the South 
IS formerly 
nd turning 
e thofe de- 
Ge, or Dif. 

the Sun 
^t Days 


. and ob- 
r Cancer 
ces upon 
is dirtant 
» for the 
the tvvo 
of Days 
le given 

I'art I. Geographical Problems, 2 f 

Pays in which he is abfenr. The Pole continuing in the fame Elevati- 
on bring the beginning o( Cancer to the brazen Meridian, and obfervc 
the two Degrees of the Ecliptick, which in the mean time co-incidc 
\\\th the Horizon i then fearch upon the wooden Horizon, for thofe 
iOavs that the Sun doth enter into the aforefaid Degrees of the 
Fcliptick, for thofe arc the Days of his tirft and laft appearance in the 
given Place. 

Prob. 21. The Movtb ayid Day being given^ to find that 
'place on the Globe to which the Sun (when in its Meridian) 
Jhall be vertical on that Day, 

The Sun% Place in the Ecliptick being (./) found, bring 
the fame to the brazen Meridian in which make a fmall fa) /'raA.d, 
mark with Chalk, exat^Iy above the Suns place. Which 
done, find {b) thofe places that have the Sm in the (b) Prob.j, 
Meridian at the time given j and bringing them to 
the brazen Meridian, obferve that part of the Globe exadWy 
under the aforefaid mark in the Meridian, for that is the place 

Prob. 22. The Month and Day being given ^ to find upon 
what Point of the Compafs the Sun rifeth and fetteth in any 
place at the timegiveyt. 

Elevate the Pole according to the Latitud. of the defired Place, and 
finding the Suns Place in the Ecliptick at the given Time, bring the 
fime to the Eaftern fide of the Horizon, and you may clearly fee 
the Point of the Compafs upon which he then rifeth. By turning 
the Globe about till his place co incide with the Weflern fide of the 
Horizon, you may alfo fee upon the faid Circle the cxaft Point of his 

Prob. 2?. To hioTP by the Globe the Length of the longeft 
avdfiorteft Days and Nights in any place of the florid. 

Elevate the Pole according to the Latitude of the given Place, and 
bring the firfl Degree of Cancer (if in the Northern^ or Capriarny if 
m the Southern Hemifphere) to the £<l/^flde of the Horizon; and 
fctting the Index of the Horary Circle at noon, turn the Globe 
about till the Sign of Cancer touch the Wejlern-Mt of the Horizon, 
and then obferve upon the Horary Circle the number of ftouri 
between the Index and the upper bigurc of XII. (rcc koning them 
according to the Motion of the index) for that is the Length of the 
Jongcft Day, the Compliment whereof is the Extent of thcj lliortelf 










) ':i 


m'" 'I 





Geographical Problems. 

Part I. 

Night. As for the Qio: reft Day and longeft Night, they are only th 
revcrfeofthe former. 

Prob. 24. To know the Climates of any given place. 

Find (a) the Length of the longeft Day in the given 
(a) Prob, 25. Place, and vvhjtever be the number of Hours whereby 
it furpalfeth Twelve, double that number, and the IVo- 
duft will give the true Climate of the Place deiir'd. But here note, 
That this is to be underflood of Places within the Latitude of 5d,'-'. 
As for thofe of a greater Latitude, (where the Climates encreafe by 
intirc Months) enter the fecond Table of Climates (pag. ii.) with 
the Latitude of the given Place, and oppofite thereto you'll find the 
proper Climate of a place in the faid Latitude. 

Prob. 2 5 . The Length of the longeft Day in any place bei^ig 
htown^ to Jind thereby the Latitude of that place. 

Having the Length of the longeft Day, you may know 

(a^ Prob. 24. thereby (a) the proper Climate of that Place, and by the 

Table of Climates (pag. 10.) you may fee what Degree 

of Latitude corref ponds to that Climate, which Degree is the Latitude 

ol the Place defir'd. 

Prob. 26. The Latitude of the Tlace being give) alfo 
the Sun's Place in the Ecliptick^ to find thereby the begin- 
ning of the Morning^ and end of the fivening Twilight. 

The Globe being reftify'd, and the Suni Place brought to the bra- 
zen Meridian, fet the Index of the Horary Circle at Noon ^ then 
bring that Degree of the Ecliptick, which is oppofite to the Sun\ 
Place) to the W'^/F^rn-Quarter, and fo move the Globe together with 
the Quadrant of Altitude, till the Degree oppofite to the SurCi Place, 
and the i8th Degree of the faid Quadrant come both in one-- Which 
done, obferve what Hour the Index then pointeth at, for at that Hour 
d©th the Morning Twilight begin. As for the Evening Twilight 
bring the Degree of the Ecliptick oppofite to the5'<n*s Place at that 
time to the f^/^ern- Quarter, and fo move the Globe till the fame, and 
the 1 8th Degree of the Quadrant come both in one, and the Index 
will point at the Hour when the Evening Twilight doth end. 




' Pr 



fart I. Geographical Vroblems. 25 

Prob. 27. The length of the lovgeji Bay hehtg given^ to 
fnii thereby thofe places of the Earthy in which the loirg(-;ft 
i)ay is of that Extent. 

By the given Length of the longeft Day (./) find the 
crue Degree of Latitude, where the Day is of that Ex- (a) Prob. 25. 
cent, and making a mark upon that Degree in the 
brazen Meridian, turn the Globe round, and obferve what Places pafs 
«xadly under the laid Mark, for they are the Places defir'd. 

Prob 28. A certain mmber of Days^ not fnrpaj^ng 182. 
icing given^ to find thereby that Parallel of Latitude oJi the 
iilobe, where the Sun fettcth not during thofe Days, 

Take half of the given Number of Days, and whatever it is, count 
ace being (0 many Degrees upon the Echptick, beginning at the firfl of Cancer., 
jnd make a mark where the reckoning ends; only obferve, that if 

Part I. 

re only th 


J the given 
s whereby 
id the PfQ. 
here note, 
ie of 66:., 
icreafe by 
II.) with 
iJ find the 

nay know 
nd by the 
It Degree 



the bra- 
le Suns 
ler with 


t Hour 
wi light 
at that 
le, and 



^our number of Days furpafs thirty, then your number of Degrees 
ought to be lei's than it by one. Bring then the mark'd Point of the 
l^cliptick to the brazen Meridian, and obferve exaftly how many 
pegrees are intercepted between the aforefaid Point and the Pole, for 
the fame is equal to the defir'd Parallel of Latitude. If the defired Pa- 
fallel of Latitude be South of the Line, the Operation is the fame, 
bringing only the firft Degree of Capricorn to the Meridian in lieu of 

Prob. 29. The Hour of the Day being given, according to 
(pHr way of reckoning in England, to find thereby the Baby- 
lonickHour at any time, 

* The BabyUnkk Hour is the number of Hours from Sm riling, ft being 
the manner of the Babylonians of old, and the Inhabitants of Norimberg 
it this Day to commence their Hours from the appearance of the Sun 

!n theEaJlern Horizon. For the finding of this Hour at any time, and 
n any place, firft elevate the Pole (a) according to the 
Laticude of the given Place, and (b) noting the sun's (a) Prob. 2. 
f lace in the Ecliptick at that time, bring the fame to the 
Irazen Meridian, and let the Index of the Horary Circle (b) Prob. 6, 
|t Noon •, after this, rowl the Globe either Eaflward or 
Weflward according to the time of the Day, till the Index point at the 
^(ivenHour. Then fiii the Globe in that Pofition, and bring back the 
[ndex again to Noon, and move the Globe from PTe/? to Eall^ till the 
>«n's Place mark'd in the Ecliptick, co-incide with the Eafiern Horizon 
^luch done, reckon upon the Horary Circle the Nun»bcr of Hours be- 
^vccn the Index Noon (or the upper Figure of 1 2.) for that is the num- 



It f 

;t t 

«| -^ I 


GeographlCitl Vrohlems, 

Part I, 

ber of Hourj trom Sm-nfm.^ for that Day in die given Place, or th; 
true Babylonici Honr defn u. 

Prob. 30. T/;e Habylonick Hour Z'^fw^^ft/^w, to/wjf/j; 
//bwr 0/ the Day at any time, according to our way of reckon- 
ing in England. 

Elevate the Pole according to the given Latitude of the Place, and 
marking the Sun\ Place in the Ecliprick, bring the lame to the brizer 
Meridian, and fer the Index of the Horary Circle at Noon. Theo 
Rowl the Globe IVefttvard till the Index point at the given Hour from 
Sun rifing, and fixing the Globe in thai Siruation, bring the Index bad 
again to Noon,and turn the Globe backwards till the uS'wn's Place,mark'(l 
in the Ecliptick,return to the fame Semi-circle of the brazen Meridian 
from whence it came -, wl.ich done, obferve wl at Hour the Index ot 
the Horary Circle pointeth at, for the fame is the Hourdcfir'd. 

Prob ? z . The Hour of the Day being given accordiJig to our 
way of reckoning in England, to find thereby the Italick Hour 
at any time. 

The Itulicl' Hour is the number of Hours from .9««-fetting atal! 
times of the Year, to .S'«n-fetting rhe next following Day, 

(a) Prob. 2. For the ready finding of fuch Hoars, (</) elevate the Pole ac- 

cording to the Latitude of the Place, and (6) noting the 

(b) Prob. ^» suns Place in the Ecliptickupon the given Day, bring the 

fame to ihe brazen Meridian, and fet the Index of rhe Ho* 
rary Circle at Noon. Then turn the Globe cither Eaj} or Weff^ according 
to the time of the Day, till the index point at the given Hour, and 
fixing the Globe in chat Situation, bring the Index back to Noon. 
Which done, turn the G/obe about Ea'liiv.;rdst\\\ the mark of the Sun'^ 
Place in the Ecliptick co-incidt with thclVdJlcrn Horizon, and obferve 
how many Hours there arc between the upper Figure of 12, and 
the Index (reckoning them Ealh\trct as the Globe moved) for thefc 
are the Hours trom ,S'M^-fct, or the [t.tUci Hour defir'd. 

Prob. ?2. The h3.[kk Hour being given, to pid thercb) 
the Hour of the Diy at any time according to our way of rec- 
koning in England. 

This being the Rcveri j of t!ie former Problem'^') elevate 
(a) Prob. 2. the Pole according to the Latitude of the given »'lace,and no- 
ting the suns Place in the Ecliptick, bring the lame to tiic 
Wtjlcrn Horizon and ferting the Index ot the Morary Circle at Noon, 
turn the Globe IVelirvarihxW the Index po iic at (/?)the It^tlick 
(MPro^.ji. .'fowr given •, then fixing the Globe ui t! ir Pofition, brin^ 
the index back to Noon, aiul move chc Globe backward c\\ 





Ibns of I 
figot w 
late the 
Ind (b) 
lime, , 
f che H 
ill that i 
ibferve t 
ler you a 
ling, if 
ivork by 
the giver 
lumber c 
the nu 

the Hoi 


finding t 
|o the £ 
ihcn Ro\ 
l^ours, ' 
Index ^ 
iviih chc 


Part I, 

ICC, or th; 

\0 find tiJ: 

of reckon- . 

Place, and 
the brazer 
on. Then 
Hour froir, 
Index bad 
n Meridian 
e Index o! 

Ihtg to our 

ick Houi 

tting atal! 

3 wing Day, 

the Pole a:- 

Inoting the 

, bring the 



Hour, and 

; to Noon 

the Sun'i 

d obfervc 

iz. and 

for thefc 

J) of rec' 

t) elevate 

l«r,and no 

me to trie 

lac Noon, 

he It,tli(k 

>n, brins 

;ward d\ 


fart I. 

Geographical Problef^f. 


1^ Mark of th*! Suns Place return to the fame Semi-Circle of the bra- 
il Meridian from whence it came. Which done, oblervehow many 
loitrs are between Noon and the Index, (reckoning them from Wejl 

$> Eaji) for thofe are the Hours dtfired according to our way of rec- 

|oning in England, 

\ Prob. 33. The Hoinr oj the Day being exalfly given accor- 
hn^toour way ofrecloning in England, to find thereby th^ 
fudaical Hour at any time, 

I By the ^«^4Jcrt///bMr we underfland the exa^ Time of rhc Day accord- 
fig to the Ancient Jews^ who, in reckoning their Time, divided the Ar- 
ificia! Day into twelve Hours, and tlie Nighr incoas many, which Hours 
irov'd e/ery Day unequa' in extent (unlefs in Places cxadUy under 
tie Equator) they flil! dccreafing or encreafing according to thcSca- 
Ibns of the Year, or the various Declination ot the S'<». For the find- 
fig of which Hours, obf'^rve the follov\i-ing Method, (4) KIc- 
iate the Pole according to the Latitude ot the given Place, (a)Pro6. 2. 
jjnd {b) marking the Sun's Place in the Eclipcick at that 
lime, 5 bring it to the £<</?ern Horizon, and fet the Index (b)Pyob»6. 
if che Horary Circle at Noon \ then turn the Globe about 
ill that place mfark'd in the Ecliptick, come co the Weflern Horizon, and 
ibfervethenumber of Hours between Noon and tine Index, tliefe being 
hcHoursof which the givea Day doth conliff, which num- 
leryouare to Note down, and (c) to find what Hour from (c) Prob, 
|un-rifmg correfpondswith the given Hour,or fromSun-fet- 29. 31. 
iing, if the given Hour be after Sun-fetting. Which done, 
ivorkby the following Proportion. As the number of Hours, whereof 
the given Day conftftech, {viz. thofe noted down) is to 12^ fo is the 
umberof Hours from Sun-rifmg, (ifit bean Hour of the Day) or from 
un-fetting (if an Hour of the Night) to a fourth proportional, which 
the number defir'd, vi^. the Judaic tt Hur at the time given. 

Prob. 34. The Judaical Hour being given to find thereby 
the Hour of the Day at any time^ according to our way of 
icchning in England. 

Elevate the Pole according to the Latitude of the given Place, and 
finding the Suns Place in the Ecliptick acthe time given, bring the fame 
io the Eail:rn Horizon, and fet the Index of the Horary Circle at Noon, 
Ihen Rowl the Globe Wejiward^ till the Sun's Place co incide with the 
h'dkrn Horizon, and the Index will poiot at the number or equal 
Hours, whereof that day confifteth. Which number you are to note 
(lown. and bring the iSKn's Place to the brazen Meridi.m.and letting the 
Index again at Noon, turn the Globe about till the V/m's Place co incide 
Iviththc jEaftetn Horizon, and chc Index will point at the Hour when 
? D the 

*', . 

' ' ■ I 





■u if 






^^ Geographical VroblcMS, Part I. 

the Swnrifeth in the given pljce. Which done, work by the following 
Proportion. As 1 2 is tothe given Number of Judaical Hohts^ \q is the 
Length of the Day in equal ! lours (formerly found out) to a fourth 
proportional, which is the Number dcfir'd, vii^. the Hour of the Dayac 
cording to our way of reckoning in England, Only note, That if the 
fourth proportional be icfe than 12, you are to add the fame to the Hour 
of 5'w/i rifing, and the produft will give the Number of Hours before 
Noon for that Day •, but if it be more than 12, than fubflra^ it from 12, 
and the Remainder will give the Hour of the Day for the Afternoon, 

Prob. ^ 5. To jind the trwr Area of the five Zones in fquan 
Meafiire^ aUowjyjg So Miles to one Degree in the Equator. 

The Breadth of the Torrid Zone being 47 Degrees, which rcduc'd 
jMiIes, make 2820 j each of the Temperate 4:5 Degrees, which make 
2 580 J and each of the Frigid zt^ Degrees -^, which make 1410 Miles^the 
true Area, of each of thofc /?ones may be found in fquare Meafure by 
tbe following Proportion. ( I.) For the Torrid. The Area of the whole 
Globe being found, {per FroL. i.) fay as Rad, to the Sine of 47-, fo is 
^^e I the Area of the Globe to the Areaoi the Torrid Zone. (i.J For 
each of the Temperate Zones ; fay as Rad. to the difference of the 
Sines of 23 a and 66 a^ fo is | Arch of the Globe to the Area of one 
of the Temperate Zones. Lajity, For the Frigid Zones, add -'-Areaoi 
the Torrid to the whole Area of one of the Temperate, and Subflraft 
the Prcduft from [■ Area of the Globe, and the Remainder will give 
the true Area of either of the Frigid 2ones. 

'art I 

iiVoow or . 

Bring th 

;he Horary 

the Globe 

hat Place: 

dian, for 

ihe Globe ; 

hat Place 

:'s Midnig 

ofe Place 

oving the 

jing the Pi 

Prob. : 
fhl/e tha 
Vertical at 

The Sun'i 

trough t to 
im^ with ( 
vvhofe M< 
the braze 
Tart of tl 
.. azcn Mcr 
ifcrcical at t 

Prob. q5. ^ Vlace being given on the Globe to find thojt ' Prob. ' 
which have the fame Hour of the Day with that in the given 
Place: as aljb that have the contrary Hours, i. e. Mid-night in 
ihe 071C when it's Mid-day in the other. 

Bring the given Place to the brazen Meridian^ and obfetvc what 
PLccs are then exaftly under the Semi-Circle of the faid Meridian, for 
the People in thorn have the fame Hour with that they have in the gi- 
ven place. The Globe continuing in that Pofition, fct the Index of the 
Horary Circle at Noon, and turn the Globe till the Index point at Mid- 
night, and oblerve what places arc then in that Semi- Circle of the 
Meridian, for the Inhabitants of thofc Places do reckon their Hours 
contrary to thofe in the given Place. 

prob. 37. The Hour of the Day being given in av} 
place^ to find thofe places of the Hartb where it's ^/r/;fl'^rkncfs, 


f)td thofe 
idly, The 


} Find that 
rcical at t 

■azen Meri 

^ion, obfer 
the Horii 
the Eafle 


ley are aC 

art I. 


PaTt I. Geographical PrMemi. 27 

Joirthc iVoowor Midnight^ or any other particular Hour at tie fi?ns 


a fourth 
e Dayac 

at if the 
the Hour 
rs before 
from 12, 

t fquan 

I reduc'd 
ich make 
;afure by 

Bring the given Place to the brazen Meridian, and fet the Index of 
he Horary Circle at the Hour of the Day in thar place. Then turnabout 
ihe Globe till the Index point at the upper Figure of XII, and obferve 
f\[xx. Places are exadly under the upper Semi-Circle of the brazen Mc- 
idian, for in them it's Mid-day at the time given. Which done, turn 
he Globe about till the Index point at the lower Figure of XII, and 
diat Places are then in the lower Semi-Circle of the Meridian, ic them 

s Midnight at the given Time. After the fame manner we may nnd 
.ofe Places that have any other particular Hour at the Time given, by 
iioving the Globe till the Index point at the Hourdefir'd, and obfer- 
Jing the Places that are then under the brazen Meridian. 

i Prob. 38. The Day and Hour beivg given ^ to find by the 
^hbe that particular Place of the Earth to which the Sun is 
he whoklijirtical at that very time, 

Tz\ f" The j'w/i's Place in the Ecliptick {a) being found and (a) Vrob. 6, 

i r'S'"°"8^^ ^^ '^^^ brazen Meridian, make a mark above the 
•^ r ^"pmt with Chalk ; then {b) find thofc Placesof the Earth, (b) Vrob.^-}, 
\^? "^^|i whole Meridian the 5«n is at chat inftant, and bring them 
S bft'* ft' lt)thebrazen Meridian. Which done, obferve narrowly that individu- 
II \^^'^^ ot' the Earth which falls exaftly under the aforcfaid Mark in the 
vviJi give g.^^pj^ Meridian, for that is the particular Place, to which the Sun'\% 
yenical at that very time. 

y\d thoji ! Prob. 39. The Day and Hour of the Day bdvg given to 
)e given jhtd thofe Places on the Globe^ in wh' h the Sun then rifeth. 
night it i^\y^ Thofe in which he then fetteth, \(\\y^ Ihofe to whom 

ft i Mid-day, And Laftly, Thofe PLices that are a^ually en- 

Sj^htnedy and thofe that are 7tot, 

lian for '^'"^ ^^"^^ Place of the (a) Globe, to which thes«n is 

n the ei- jl"'^^^ ^^ ^^^^ S^^^" Time, and, bringing the fame to the (« ]Prob, 38. 

^ ^ **azen Meridian,(^, elevate the Pole according to the La- 

udc of the faid Place. The Globe being fixt in that Po- (b) proh. 6* 
ion, obferve what Places are in the Wejlcrn Semi-Circle 
the Horizon, lor in them the s«n rifeth at that time, 2dl} . fhofc 
the £tfj?(rni Semi-Circle, for in them the ^wn fetteth. 9dly, Thofc 
atare exa(i>ly under the brazen Meridian, for ia them it's Mid day. 
id I(i/?/y, all thofe upon the upper Hemifphere of the Globe, for 
I • 'i^^ ^^^ a^ually cnlightned, and thofe upon the lower are them m 
t ^/tw^^rkncfs, or deprived of the Swn at iluc rery time. 
Noon , p 2 

:x of the 
: at Mid' 
e of the 
ir Hours 

in awj 





!' m 

i< :i 


, I 

!> ;- ; 

I ' I 





Geographical Problems, 


Prob. 4:. The Month and Djy being ^roev^ a^ alfo thePk 
of the Moon in the Zodiack^ and her true Latitude^ to j> 
thereby th'^ exacl Haiir when Jhe Jhall r'lje and fet to^.,her m\\ 
her Southing (or coming to the Jleridian) of the given Plaa 

The Afooii^ Place in the Zotiiack may be found ready enough at a' 
time by an ordinary Ahiunack, and her Latitude (which is herdifidrri 

from the Kclij.cick) by applying the Scmi-Circlc of I'oli; 
(a) Prob, 2. on to her Tlace in tie Zodiack. Vor tlie folution of[;_ 

Problem, ^^) elevate the pole according to th.e Latitude; 
{h)Frob.6. the given Place, and the Sun's Place in the Fxliptick, ; 

that time, being [b] found, and mirk'd with Cha'k, ; 
alfo the />/';'};?'s Place at the fmietime: Bring the Suns Place tot!' 
brazen Meridian, and (et the index of the Horary Circle at Noon, ar 
turn the Globe till tlie Moon's P.'ace fuccelTively co-incide with the R. 
jlern and IVeJlem fide of the Horizon, as alfo the brazen Meriaian, ar 
the Index will point at thofc various tim?s, the particular Hour of ht 1 n-„| 
Uifin.;^, Setting and .Southing. 4,,^' 

I^HjI). 41. The Day avd Hour oj either a Solar or Ivv: 
F.clipfe being known ^ to find by the Globe all thofc Flacesl 
^hich the fame will be vijdde, . . 

M.irk the Suns Place in the (?) Ecliptick for the give 
(a] Prob. 6, al/b iheoppofite Point thereto, which is the PIa( 

o( rli'! MyaiAt that time. Then find (b) thit Place of t^ J undcl 

ig the fame to the Pole (or vertical Point) ot the Wo; 

den Horizon,3nd, fixing the Globe in that Situation, obfervcwhjt Plaa 

are in the upper licmifphere, for in Mioff of them will thv? Sun be vii; 

ble during his Fclip'" . As for the Lunar Eclipfe, vr 
(c)rrcb, 9. are to find (c) the Antipodes of that place which hath tl: 

6'//;i vertical at tlie given Hour, and bringing the famei 
the Pole ot the wooden Horizon, oblcrvc (as formerly) what Plaa 
are in the upper Hemifphcrc of th'^ Globe, fc'.- in fuch will the M^' 
be vi(il)le during her Ecliplc, except thofe that are very near unt;| 
or actually in ihe Horizon. 

Prob. 42. J Place being given on the Globe^ to find the tru 
Sitiiatlo7i thereof from all other Places defy d or how it bearcl 
VI rejptd offiich Places, 

The yarious Places defir'd [which are fuppoled to be fome of thol 
thac lie upon the intcrmcdiacc Points of the Compafs] being pitched ii[ 

:s of 1 
to Leaj 


Part fart T. 

Geographical Problems. 


yh the Fh 
'tdt\ to f} 
ven Plaa 

lough ata- 
i her diflarr; 
:Ie of I'oli: 

1, bring rhe given Place to the l)razcn Mcridiun, and cJevare rhe Pole 
rcording to its Latitude, and fixing tlie Q^tudnnt of Altitude in the 
:aith, apply the lame luccclfivels' to the Places defir'd, jtid the lower 
li c oi the laid (Quadrant will interfcv^ the woodecn Horizon at thofe va- 
|ous Points of the Compafs (infcrib'd upon the faid Circle) according 
the true bearing of the given Place, in relpeft of the Places deiir'd. 

Prob. 4^. J Place behig given on the Glohe^ to find all other 
jces that arc fitiiated from the fame^ njjon aiiy dfiv'd Point of 

lution oft; , 't^ Compafs. 

e Latitude; 

Bxliptick ; ing the faid Place to the brazen ?Jcridian, and fixing the (^Uudranc 

th Cha'k, 


t Noon, 

n'ith the }.. 

leiiaian, ar 

Hour of h{ 

Elevate the Pole according to the Latitude of the given Place, and 

Altitude in the Zenith, apply the lower part thereof to the defir'd 

Place tot: i^inc of the Compafs upon the wooden Horizon; and obfcrve whac 
aces arc cx.Utly uiider the Edge of the faid (Quadrant, for thofe are 
le Places thai ureiituatcd from, or bear otf, the g.ven Place according 
I [he dc(ircd /.^oint of the Compafs. 

J Prob. 44. Tivo Places being given on the Globe^ to find the 
ii{! diftance between them. 
r or / J/)/: i The two Places given mufl: of ncccfTicy lie under either the fame 
e Places • Jeridian, the fame Parallel of Latitude; orelfeditfer both in Longitude 
d Latitude. (\,) H they lie under the fame Meridian, then bring 
em both, to tlie brazen Meridian, and obferve the number of De- 
ocs of Latitude comprehended between them, which being reduc'd 
CO Leagues or Miles, will give the Diilance requir'd. (2) If they 
under the fame Parallel of Latitude, then bring them feparately 
the brazen Meridian, and obferve the Number of Degrees be- 
een them upon the Equator ; which done, enter the Table [ pag, 
] with the Latitude of the given Placs, and feeing thereby how 
any Miles in chat Parallel are anf.verable to one Degree in the E- 
ator, multiply thofe Miles by the aforefaid Number of Degrees upon 
e Equator, and the Product will give the Diilance requir'd. But, 
(/?/>, if the two Places given doditferboth in Longitude and Lati- 
de, then bring one of them to the vertical Point of the brazen Me- 
ian, and extending the Quadrant of Altitude to the other, obferve 
)!! the faid (^.'.adrant the Number of Degrees between them, which 
ing reduc'd mto Leagues or Miles, will give the diftanre requir'd. 
is third Cafe of the Problem being moll confiderable, and occurring 
d tfc^fnilnre frequently than the other two, we Ihill here annex another way 
it bearc\% performing the fame befides the Giobe, and that is by refolvinga 
"lerical Triangle, two Sides whereof {vtx^. the Complements of the 
ffercnt Latitudes, or thedif\ance of the given Places from the Poles) 
e of tho'Jenot only given, but alio the Angle comprehended between them, 
icch'd iifjt being equal to the difference of their Longitude) by which Sides 

or the give 
is the P!j( 
Place of t!^ 
Hour, ac 
t the Wg:, 
Sm be vil; 
clipfe, V( 
ch hath tl: 
|he fame ! 
^vhat Plaa 
ill the M'^' 
Inear unt;i 



' if u 




Geographical Problems* 

Part I 

rl ' f 

'/ '^'i 

i! -I? 






and Angle given, we may very eafily find the third Side by the notcc 
Rules in Trigonometry, which third Side is the diitance required. 

Prob. 45. ^ Place beivg given on the Globe ^ and its tm 
Difiance from a fecojid place, to find thereby all other Plaai 
of the Earth that are of the Ja?ne diftance from the giva 
Place . 

Bring the given Place to rhe brazen Meridian, and elevate the Po!( 
according to the Latitude of thefaid Place ^ then fix the Quadraiito: 
Altitude in the Zenith, and reckon up the faid Quadrant, the givcB 
Diftance between the firft and fecond Place (providing the fame bt 
under 90 Degrees, otherwife you muft ufe the Semi Circle of Pofition 
and making a Mark where the reckoning ends, and moving the faii 
Quadrant or Semi-Circle quite round upon the Surface of the Globe 
all Places paffing under that Mark, arethofe Dcfir'd. 

Prob. 46. The Latitude of two Places being given^ and hoi, 
one of them beareth of the other ^ to find thereby the true Di 
Jiance between them. 

Por the Solution of this Problem, luppofe the firfl Meridian to Ix 
the true Meridian ot one of the given Places, particularly that whof( 
bearing is unknown. Upon the Upper Semi Circle of that Meridiar 
mark the Latitude of the faid Place •, then elevate the Pole accord 
ing to the Latitude of the other place, and, fixing the Quadrant 
Altitude in the Zenith, extend the fame to the given Point of tht 
Compafs upon the wooden Horizon, and turn the Globe about till thi 
Point mark'd in the aforef aid Meridian coincide vvith the faid Quadran: 
Which done, reckon upon that Quadrant the Number of Degrees be 
tween that Point mark'd in rhe firft Meridian and the vertical Point 
which Degrees being converted into Leagues or Miles, will give tin 
pittance rcquir'd. 

Prob. 47. The Longitude of two Places being given^ as al 
fo the Latitude of one of them^ and its bearing from thcothei 
to find thereby the true Dijlance between them. 

For the Solution of this Problem, fuppofe the firft Meridian to fci 
thctrueMeridianof the Place, whofe Latitude is unknown, Reckct 
from that Meridian upon the Equator the number of Degrees equi 
to 'Jie diflference of longitude of the two Places, and make a marl 
where the reckoning ends, and bringing the fame to the brazen Me, 
ridian, (which rcprefents the Meridian of the fecond Place) reckoE 
upon it the Degrees of the given Latitude j and fixing the Globe i: 


"he Gl( 
Uce, w 
the fam 
pr Miles 


from a 
\iance } 

Ridian, a 
find end 
|he Lati 
the firft 1 
lend the 
lipon the 
the third 
/here th 
the Pole J 
the given 
fervc wh 
lade upc 
(ir'd, wh 
ing Prob 

isalfo t 
Iniore, le 
hit have 

Part I 

' the notec 

d its tm 
her Placti 
the giva 

te the Poll 
the gives 
e fame bt 
>i Pofition 
ig the faii 
the Globe 

and hon 
true Di 

idian tobt 
that whofi 
t Meridiar 
\\c accord 
tine of tht 
out till tht 

>egrtes be 
ical Point 

I give till 

w, as al 

>art h Geographical Problems. 5 ^ 

ihat Situation, raife the Pole according ro that Lacitufle, and fix the 
■quadrant of Altitude in the Zenith, cxrending the other extremity 
ihereof to the given Point of the Compafs upon the wooden Horizon, 
|The Globe continuing in this Pofition, obferve that Pointof the Sur- 
Iface, wiiere the (Quadrant of Altitude interfefts the firft Meridian, for 
Ithc fame reprefenteth thefecond Place, and that Arch of the (^ua- 
ilranc between the (aid Point and Zenith, being converted into Leagues 
jpr Miles, will give the Diftance required. 

Prok 48. The Diftance between two Places lying under the 
fame Meridian being given^ as alfo their refpe&ive bearing 
from a third Place^ to find thereby that place with its true Di- 
\hnce from the other two. 

The given Difhnce being reckon'd any where upon the brazen Me- 
ridian, and thofe places of the Globe exaftly under the beginning 
fnd end of that reckoning being mark'd, raiie the Pole according to 
he Latitude of one of them, (which for Diflindtion's fake, we'll term 
fhefirft Place) and fixing the^^adrant of Ahitude in the Zenith, ex- 
lend the other extremity thereof to the given Point of the compafs 
n the wooden Horizon^ according as thefaid firft place beareth off 
he third unknown, and makea Imal! Traft with Chalk upon the Globe, 
here the Edge of the (Quadrant paffeth along. Which done, elevate 
hePole according to the Latitude of the Icccnd Place, and fixing the 
Quadrant of Altitude in the Zenith, extend the fame (as formerly) to 
he given Point of the Compafs upon the wooden Horizon, and ob- 
"ervc where the faid Quadrant interfedts the aforefaid Traft of Chalk 
adeupon the Surface of the Globe, for that is the third Place dc- 
ir'd, whofe Diftance from the other two may be found by the forego- 
ng Problem. 

Thefe are the C\i\ti Problems performable by the Terreftrial Globe, 

IS alfo the manner of their Performance: But if the Reader defirc 

lore, let him confult Varenius, (his Geographia Generalis) from whom 

|we have borrowed feveral of thofe abovcmencion'd. Now followeth, 

iccording to our propofcd Method, 



lan tobd 
'ees cqui 
:e a marl 
azen Me. 
?) reckoE 
Globe i: 

D 4 



It l: r 



;,;. I 

" !>' 



■ ,^ 

:■■ 1, 


I, ■ 



u 41 


part I 

SECT, m. 

Containing fome plain Geographical Theorems. 

Theor. i. np f/Zi" Latitude of any Place is always equal u 
X the Elevation of the Pole in the fame Place^ 
& e contra. 

Theor. 2. The Elevation oj the Equator in any Place is al- 
ways equal to the Compliment of the Latitude in the fame Placs^ 
& vice verfa. 

Tlieor. 3. Thofe Places lying under the Equino&ial Line, 
have nothing of Latitude^ it being there that the Calculation oj 
Latitude begi7is. 

Theor. 4. Ihofe Places lying exaBly under the two Poles havs 
the greatejl Latitude^ it being thcrj that the Calculation oj' 
Latitude doth end. 

Theor. 5. Thofe Places lyijtg ex;a&ly under the fir fl Meridian^ 
have nothing of Longitude^ it beiyig there that the Calculation 
cfLo7igitude begins, 

Theor. 6. Thofe Places immediately adjacent to the We- 
&eTn-Jide ofthefrjl Meridian have the greatejl Longitude^ it 
being there that the Calculation of Longitude doth end. .; ,;. 

Theor. 7. All Places lying upon eituer fde oj the Equator^ 
have the greater or leffer Latitude according to their reJ^eQivi 
Vijlance therefrom, 

Theor. 8. AU Places lying upon either fide of the Equator^ 
and exa^ly tinder the fame^ have the greater or lejjer Longi- 
tude^ according to their refpeflive Dijiance from the frji Me' 

Theor. 9. That particular Place of the Earth lying exaSl] 
tmdcr the Interfe&ion of the firjl Meridian and Equino^lial 
Line hath neither Longitude nor Latitude* 

ten cl\ 
do eq\ 
are eel 

. ^^ 
is the 




that . 




part I iPart I. Geographical Theorems: 59 

Theor. 10. ISJo Place of the Earth is dijlavt frc?n a7iother 
above i o8co Italian JUiles^ allowirtg 60 to one Degree in the 

Theor. 11. iVo Vlace of tlr Earth is dijlantfrom its pro- 
ber Antipodes (diametrically taken) above 7200 Italian 
Miles ^ Jiill allowing 60 to one Degree in the Equator. 

Theor. 12. The fenjible Horizon of every Place doth as of- 
ten change^ as we happen to change the Place it felf, 

Theor. 19. The apparent Semi-diameter of thefenfible Ho- 
rizon in moji Places^ doth frequently vary accordiv.g to the Re- 
fraBion of the ^wn-beams, 

Theor. 1 4 All Countries upon the Face of the whole Earth 
do equally enjoy the Light of the Sun (in refpe&of Time) and 
are equally deprived of the benefit thereof 

Theor. 15. In all Places on the Globe of the Earth.^ (fave 
exa&ly under the Poles) the Days and Nights are of an equal 
Lengthy ( viz. twelve Hours each ) when the Sun comet h to 
the Equino&ial Line. 

Theor. 16. In all Places between the Equino&ial and the 
two Poles^ the Days and Nights are never equal to one another ^ 
fave only thofe two times of the Tear^ when the Sun entreth the 
Signs of Aries and Libra. 

Theor. 17. The nearer any Place is to the Line ^ theleffer 
is the difference between the Length of the Artificial Days ani 
Nights in thefaid Place ^ and on the contrary^ the farther re- 
mov'd^ the greater. 

Theor. 18. In all Places lying under the fame Parallel of 
Latitude^ the Days and Nights are of the fame exte7it^ and 
that at aU times of the Tear. 

Theor. 1 9. Three or more Places being given on the Globe 
that lie between the Equator and either of the Poles ^ and equi- 
dijlantfrom one another ^ the Extent of toe longejl Day in thofe 
Places doth not encreafe proportionably to the dijlance of the 
Places themfelves. 

Theor. 20. Three or more Places being given on the Globe 

that lie between the Equator and the Poles^ in which the 

'hcor, . Length 


5 equal u 
me Place^ 

%ce is al- 
me Place^ 

Hal Line, 
ulation oj 

Poles havs 
tlation oj 


the We- 

itttde^ it 

r * 





irft Me^ 


'■ \ 

<t M 

P 3] 




,/., 1 






I fi 

■ li 

( I 

34 Qeographical Theorems. V^xt I, 

Length of the longeft Day doth equally enaeafe *, the diftanu I 
between the Parallels of thofe Places is not equal to one ajt- 

Theor. 2 1 . Three or more Places behig given on the Globe^ 
Tphofe diHance from the Equator to either Pole exceeds one an- 
other in Arithmetical Proportion : The Length of the longejl 
Day in one doth not keep the fame Analogy to that in the other, 
according to the Propoition of their diftance, 

Theor. 22. In all Places of the Torrid Zone^ the Morning 
and Evening Twilight is leaft • in the Frigid^ greateft 5 and in 
the Temperate ii*s a Medium between the two, > 

Theor. 2^. To all Places lyi7ig within the Torrid Zone^ the 
Sun is duly Vertical twice a Tear , to thofe under the Tropichy 
once ^ but to them in the Temperate and Frigid, never » 

Theor. 24. In all Places of the two Frigid Zones, tJ^ Sun 
appear eth every Tear without fettitfg for a certain Number of 
Days^ and difappeareth for the fame fpace of time. And th^ 
nearer unto^ or the farther from the Pole thofe Places are^ the ^ 
longer or Jhorter is his continued Prefence in^ or Abfencefrom 

Theor. 2$» In all Places exa^ly wider the ArElick and An- 
tariiick Circles^ the Sun ( at his greateft Declination ) appea- 
reth every Tear for one Day compleatly without fetting^ and 
intircly dijappeareth another^ but daily rifetb and fettettb in 
thofe Places at all other times^ as eljewhere, 

Theor. 26. In all Places between the Equator and the 
l^oxth'Pole, the longeft Day and fiorteft Night, is always 
when the Sun hath the greateft Northern Declination j and 
the porteft Day and longeft Nighty when he bath the greateft 

Theor. 27. In all Places between the Equator and the 
South-Pole^ the longeft Day and ftwrteft Night is always when 
the Sun hath the greateft Southern Declination -^ and the 
fhoYtcft Day and longeft Nigfjt^ when the greateft Northern. 



doth c^ 

Sun rij 

of the 
ways th 

the Sec 

the Ci 

very wi 

the C 





Part I. Geographical Theorems. 55 

Theor, 28. In all Places Jitiiated mder the EquhioEiial 
Lm^ the Meridian Shadow of a Style peirpe7:dicularly ere3ed 
doth cajl itjelf towards the Korth for one half oj the lear^ 
and towards the South during the other, 

Theor. 29. In all Places lying under the Equinociial Lhie, 
there is no Jleridian Shadow ov thofe two Days of the lear^ 
that the Sun doth e^tter the Signs of Aries and Libra 

Theor. ?o. The nearer that Places are unto ^ or the farther 
removd from the Equator^ the fiorter or longer accordivigly is 
the Meridian Shadow of a Style perpendicularly e^-ecled injucb 

Theor. 3 t . The farther that Places are removed from tbs 
Equator (yet not furpajjing 66 Degrees of Latitude ) thegrea- 
ter is the Sun's Amplitude^ or that Arch of the Horizon he- 
tween the Points of due Eaft and Weft, and thofe in which the 
Sun rifeth and fetteth on the Days of the Summer ajid Winter 

Theor. ^2. In all Places lying under the fame Semi-Circh 
of the Meridian^ the Hours both of the Day and,l\ight are aU 
ways thejame in one^ as in the other. 

Theor. 3^. In all Places both of the North and Southern 
Hemifpheres, that lie wtder oppnjite Parallels of Latitude^ 
the Seafons of the lear are not the Jame in one^ as in the 

Theor. 34. In all Places fituated in a Parallel Sphere^ 
the Circle of the Sun'* Diurnal Motion runs always Pa^ 
rallel ( or very near it ) to the rcfpe^ive Horizon offuch 

Theor. 35. In all Places fituated in a Right Sphere^ the 
Circle of the Sun'* Diurjial Motion is fill perpendicular ( or 
very near it ) to the refpeBive Horizon offuch Places, 

Theor. 36. /w all Places ft uated in an Oblique Sphere^ 
the Circle of the Suns Diurnal Jlotion is always Oblique 
unto^ or cutteth the Horizon of fw;b Places at unequal 


'f r 



!» r 

M. :v 

:.'■ I 

<i ';. 

! I 

36 Geographkal Theorems, Part I. 

Theor. ^"J* If the difference of Lovgitude ht two Places k 
exaSly i^ Degrees. The People rejidivg in the Eajlmoji 0] 
them will reckon the time of the Dayfoomr by one Hour^ than 
tJjofe in the other. If the difference he :^q Degrees^ then they'll 
reckon their Hours Jooner by two. If ^$ Degrees^ by three. 
And if by 60, then by four^ 8cc. 

Theor. 28. If People refding in two difin& Places do differ 
exa^ly one Hour in reckoning their time ( it being only Is/oon 
to one^ when one Afternoon to the other ) the true dijlance be- 
tween the refpe&ive Meridians of thofe Places is exacily 1 j 
Degrees upon the Equator. If they differ two Hours^ the di- 
fiance is 90 Degrees. ^ three, it's 4J. And if four ^ it's 
compleatly 60, Sec- 

Theor. ^^, If a Ship fet out from any Port^ and peering 
Eaftward doth intirely jurroiind the Globe of the Earthy th) 
People of thefaid Ship in reckoning their ti?ne^ will gain one 
Day compleatly at their return^ or count one more than thofe 
refding at the faid Port, If Wtfward^ then thefll lofe oiie^ 
or reckon one lefs. 

Theor. 40. If two Ships fet out from the fame Port at the 
fame time, and both furround the Globe of the Earthy one 
Reeling Eaft, a7jd the other We ft ward, they'll differ from 
one another in reckoning their time two Days compleatly at 
their return^ evenfuppofe they happen to arrive on the fame 
Day, If they furround the Earth twice (feering as afore- 
faid) they'll differ four Days ^ if thrice^ thcnfx^ &c. 

Theor. 41. If federal Ships fet out from the fame Port^ 
either atthefame^ or different times, and do all furrouud the 
i Globe of the Earthy foine fleering due South, and others due 
North, and arrive again at the fame Port-, the rejpe&ive Peo- 
ple of thofe different Ships at their return will not differ from 
one another in reckoning their time^ nor from thofe who refide 
at thf faid Port. ■ . . . 


i - 









Part I. 

Places hi 
^fimoft oj 
^ur, than 
hen they'll 

by three, 

do differ 
ily JS/oon 
Qance be- 
acily 15; 
, the di- 
^ottr^ it's 

Tth^ th". 
gain one 
*an thofe 
lofc one^ 

at the 
th^ one 
T from 
\atly at 
•^ fame 

\ud the 

''s due 

\e Peo- 


(part I. Geographical Paradoxes. 


I The are the chief Geographical Theorems^ or Felt- 

levident Truths clearly deducible firom the foregoing Pro- 

]blems, and to thefe we might add a great many more 5 

but leaving fuch Truths, we pa(s to fome others ( in pur- 

^fuance of our propofed Method) and fuch as are equally 

*^certain with the aforefaid Theorems, though not fo 

apparent, yet probably more diverting. Therefore foi- 

' lovveth 


Containing fome amazing Geographical 
i Paradoxes. 

Par. I . np HE RE are two remarkable Places on the Globe 
Jl of the Earthy in which there is only one Day and 
one Night throughout the whole Tear. 

■4 Par. 2. There are alfo fome Places on the Earthy in which 
it is neither Day nor Night at a certain time of the Tear^ for 
tbefpace of twenty four Hours, 

■i Par. ^. There is a certain Place of the Earthy at which 
if two Men fJmuld chance to ?neet, one would ftand upright 
upon the Soles of the others Feet^ and neither of them Jhould 
feel the others weighty and yet both JI)ould retain their Na- 
tural Pojiure, 

Par. 4. Tljere is alfo a certain Place of the Earthy where 
a Fire being made^ Jieither Flame nor Smoak woidd afcend^ 
but move circularly about the Fire. Moreover^ if in that 

; ]^lace one JI)ould fix afmooth or plain Table without any Ledges 



wbatfoever^ and pour thereon a large Quantity of Water^ not 
one Drop thereof could run over tbefaiatMe^ but would raife 
\ ^*^fe{f^'2 ^w a large heap. 


■' ^^4 

I,? t" 

I ll 

( ; 

If i 

II "If [!.' 




11, 1 


38 Geographical Paradoxes. Part I. 

Par. 5. There is n certain Place oti the Globe^ cf a cofifidemble 
Southern i^atitude, that hath both the grcatcjl and leaji Degree of 
Loriiji^i tilde. 

Par. 6. There are three remarl^able Places on the Globe^ that differ 
hoth in L' ^gi'iidc and Latitude, atid yet all lie under cne and the 
fame Meridian. 

Par. 7. There arc th/ce remar^kahle Places en the Continent 0/ Eu- 
rope, that lie under three different Meridinns, and yet all agree both 
in Longitud<\ and Latitude, 

Par. 8. There is a cjitain I (land in the /Egxan Sea, upon 
which, if two Chiulren were brought forth at the fame i?/Jinnt of 
time, a>id living together for fever al Tea/S, Jhottld both expire 
on the fntm. Day, yea^ at the fame Hour and Minute of that Day^ 
yet the fjfe of one would furpafs the Life of the ether by diver: 

Par. 9. There ae two ohfervablc Places belonging to Afia, that tie 
under the fame A^cridian, and cf a fmall dijiance from one anO' 
ther J and yet the refjetiiye Inhabitants of them in reckoning their 
time do dijfer an intire Natural Day every Weel{, 

Par. JO. There is a particular Place of the Earth, vohere theff^inds 
( though frequently veering round the Compajs ) do alwny bio?? from 
the North Point. 

Par. II. Ti.^cre is a certain Hill intheSouxh a/ Bohemia, on 
Vfhofe Top, if an Bquinoclial Sun-Dial be duly cre^ed y a Man that 
is Stone-blind may i{now the Hour of the Day by the fame, if the 
Sun /]ji?ies. 

Par. 12. There is a confiderablc Number cf Places lying voithin 
the Torrid ^one, in any if which, if a certain kjnd of Sun-Dial 
he duly e'cclcd 'y the Shadow will go b:2ck, feveral Degrees upon the 
fime, at a certain time of the Tear 5 and that twice every Day for 
the f pace of divers l^^eekj : yet no ways dnogatingfiom that miracu- 
lous returyiiii?^ of tije Shadow upon the Dial of Ahaz, in the Days of 
Kjf'^ Hczckiah. 

Par. 13. There are divers Pinces on the Continent of Africa, and 
the IJlands cf Sumatra nnd Borneo, Xi>here a certain kind of Sun- 
Dial b:rng duly fix t, the Gnomon thereof will eafl nojhadow at all, 
during fevcral fcafons of the Tear '^ and yet the exat} time of the 
Day may ba k^iown thereby. 


Part I. 

Par. 14. 

nhich beinj 
'aid Ship, 
Coutfe for 
md juft tti 
Par. IS 
c/' 4 very\ 
frange an\ 
mo of the 
[mc, in 
cf time. 

Par. 16.1 
Ocea?*^ whe\ 
that ts tofh 
fore it. 

Par. 17. 
ous Globe, 
)ct 'tis imp 
mediate Po 
Cardinal U 
Par. 18. 
ip/jq/f Inhai 
Morning bej 

Par. 19- 
fituated in a 
tints therec 
k either rij 
Par. 10. 
Britain, to 
<ihout the H 

Par. II. 
^iwfe Inhai 
mojl enlighi 

Par. 22. 
\i feveral 
jicperly be 


Part I. Geographical Paradoxes. 39 

Par. 14. There is a certain Ijland in the vafi Atltntlck Ocean 
nhich being defcryd by A Ship at Sea^ and bearing due Eaft of the 
litid Shipf at twelve Leagues dijiant per Eftimation ; The trueft 
Cou)fe for hitting of thejaid JJland, is tojlcerfix Leagues due Eatt, 
nd juft (ti many due Weit. 

Par. 1 5. There is a remarkjtbU Place on the Globe of the Earth, 
(f 4 very pure and wholfom Air to breath in^ yet of fuch a 
frange atid deteftable Qnality^ that it's abfolutely impofjlble for 
two of the intirejl Friends that ever breath'd, and cohfinut' in the 
fme, in Mutual Love and Fricndjhip for phe fpace of twj) Minutes 
cf time. 

Par. 1 6, There is a certain noted Place in the vafi Atlancick 
OcMw, where a brisks Levant is abfolutely the befl Hind for a Ship 
that K to fhape a due E«ft Courfe 5 and yet '(he p:all Jllll go be^ 
fore it. 

Par. 17. There are divers remar liable Places t^pon tbeTcmquC'^ 
o\is Globe, whofe fenfble Horizon ts commonly fair anJJhene ; and 
)Ct *tis impoffible to difiinguijh properly in it any one cf the Inter- 
mediate Po/w/j f/ f/?e Compafs J nayy nor fo much as two of the four 
Cardinal themfelves. 

Par. 18. There is a certain Ijland in the Balrick Sea, to 
whofe Inhabitants the Body of the Svn is clearly ifljible in the 
Morning before be arifeth, and likewije in the Evening after he is 

Par. 19. There is a certain Village in the Kingdom of Naples,' 
fituated in a very low Valley, and yet the Sun k nearer to the Inhabit 
tints thereof every Noon by 3000 Miles, and upwards, than when 
k either rifeth orfetteth to thoje of the f aid Village, 

Par. 20. There is a certai?i Village in the South of Great 
Britain, to whofe Inhabitants the Bndy of the Sun is lefs vifible 
about the fVinter Solfiice, than to thofc who refidc upon the Ijland of 

Par. II. There is a vajl Country in ^Ethiopia Superior, to 
^i'vfe Inhabitants the Body of the Moon doth always appear to be 
mojl enlightned when f he's Icafl enlightned ^ and to be leafl when 

Par. 12. There is a certain Ijland, ( whereof mention is jnadc 
iy fever al of our latcji Geographers ) whofe Inhabitants cannot 
jrcperly be reckon d either Male or Female, nor altogether tier" 
inrphredites j yet fuch n their peculiar ^tality^ that they re fel- 


i..;' ,1! 

Is 1 , > 
• i' ' i' 

t ii 

ft ill 

?. II ' :j 





40 Geographical Paradoxes, Part I. 

dom liable unto cither Himgcr cr Thirfl, Cold or Heat, Joy or Sor. 
row, Hopes or Fears, or any fuch of the common Attendants of Hu- 
man Life, 

Par. 15. There is a remnrkjihle Place of the Earth of n ccnfidc 
rable Southern Latitude, from whofe Meridian the 6un removeth im 
fcrfeveral Days at a certain time vf the Tear, 

Par. 24. Ihere is a certain Flace of the Earth of a confiderahle 
'Northern Latitude^ where though the Days and Nights, ( even vohen 
Jhorteji ) do confijl of fever al Hews i yet in that place it^sMid-daj 
er Noon every (garter of an Hour, 

Par. 25. There are divers Places on the Globe of the Earthy 
where the Sun and Moon, yea, and all the Planets, do aclually rife 
andfct according to their various Motions, hut never any of the fixt 

Par. 26. There is a very remarkable Place upon the Terraqueous 
Globe where all the Planets, notwithjianding th:ir different Motions, 
and various AfpeHs, do always bear upon one and the fame Point oj 
the Comp/ifs, 

Par. 27. There is a certain noted Part of the Earth, where the 
Snn and Moon [ ipfo tempore plenilunii ] may both happen to 
rife at the fame in ft ant cf time, and ujfon the fame Point of the 

Par. 28. There is a certain Place on the Continent 0/ Europe, when 
iffeveral of the ablefl Aflrcnomers ( the World now affords fhould 
nicely cbferve the Coelcftial Bodies, and that at the fame infiant of 
time, yet the planetary Phales, and their various Alpedts wotild bf 
really different to each of them, 

Par. 29. There is a hrge and famous Country on the Continent cf 
Africa, many of whofc Inhabitants are born pcrfcclly Dcrf, and c- 
thers Stone-blind, and covtiyme fo during their whole Lives ; andyet 
fuch is the ama:(ing Faculty of thrfe Perfons, that the Deaf arc as 
aapable to judge of Sounds as thrfe that hear, and the Blind of Co- 
lours as they who fee. 

Par. 30. There are certain People in Somh America^ who are prO' 
ferlyfurnifh'd with only one of the five Sevfes, viz, that of Touching, 
and yet they can both Hear and See, Tajle and Smell, and that as 
nicely as wc Europeans, who have all the Five. 

Par. 31. There is a certain Country in South America, wm- 
fiy of whffe Savage Inhabitants are fuch unheard of Canibals, 
that they not only feed uJ)on Human Fleflo-^ bnt alfo fomc of them 


to aat 
; Par. 
ihree th 
iip in 
%ny mor\ 
^ Par. 

teirJg gc 
that the , 
' Par. 3 
ra, whcf 
the fame 
)ct they} 
Heads, ' 
' Par. 3 
tthcY thn 
either Lo. 

Par. 3' 

the fame 

. mnpleatl; 


Par. 3 
ilcr the Et 
66 DegrCi 
hot full ei 

Par. 3 
i'th in L 
thoufind . 
Jiiwe Poii 


Part I. 

y or Sor. 
s of Hu- 

I ccnfidc- 
oveth 7m 

>cn vpfjen 

? Earth, 
ally rife 
the fixt 


Point of 

>here the 
ippcn to 
t of the 

e, where 
ant of 
ould be 

\ncnt cf 
and 0- 
and )et 
nrc (IS 
of Cc 

irc prO' 
\hat at 





htt h Geographical Paradoxes. 41 

if^ aclually eat themfelves ; and yet they commonly furvive that 
f range I{epaft, 

Par. 32. There is a remarkable I{iver on tU Continent of Eu- 
fope, over which there is a Bridge of fucb a breadth, that above 
three thovfand Men abreaji mny pafs alo7ig upon the fame, and that 
ifithout crowding one another in the leaji. 

Par. 33. There is a large and Jpacious Plain in a certain 
Country of Alia, able to contain fix hundred thoufand Men drawn 
Up in Battel Aray ; which number of Men being aSiually brought 
^jither, and there drawn up, it were abfolutely impoffible for 
%ny more, than one fingle Perfon, to fland upright upon the fnid 

"^ Par. 34. There is a certain Eui.pean City, whofe Buildingsl 
\eing generally of firm Stone, are {for tlie m'ft part) of a 
trodigious height, and exceeding flrong ; and yet it is mofl certain 
that the IValls of thofe Buildings are net parallel to one another, nor 
Perpendicular to the Plain on which they are built, 

* Par. 35. There is a certain City in ^(Je Southern Part of Chi* 
ra, whofe Inhabitants ( both Male and Female ) do obferve almojl 
the fame Pofture and Gate in fValkJvg, as we Europeans; and 
)ct they frequently appear to Stratigers, as if they walked on their 

• Par. 36. There are ten Places of the Earth, diftant from one an^ 
ither three hundred Miles and upwards, and yet none of them hath 
either Longitude or Latitude. 

Par. 37. There are two dijlinci Places of the Earth lying '*inder 
the fame Meridian, whofe difference of Latitude is fixty Degrees 
. tomplcatly ; and yet the true Difla?ice between thfe two Places doth not 
teallyfurpafsfixty Italian Miles. 

Par. 38. There arc a.'fo two dijlinci Places of the Earth, lyingun-^ 
tier the Equinociial Lific, whofe difference of Longitude is compleatly 
86 Degrees^-, and yet the true Diftancc between thofe two Places^ is 
m full eighty fix Italian Miles. 

Par. 39. There are three diJiinH Places of the Earth, att differing 
irth in Longitude and Latitude, and diflant from one another tWB 
thoufand Miles compleatly, and yet they do all bear upon one and the 
Jame Point of the Covipafs, 


r ! 







I' ' '■''ill 

*^ f 

r ll*" 

iii!.; i> 

,1 - 

Geographical Paradoxes. P3rt|»art 

Par. 40. There are three diftitiH Places on the Continent , | 
Europe, equidiftnnt from one another ( they makjng a true Eju. 
lateral Triangle, each of whcfe fides doth confift of a thouja 
Mtles) and yet there is a fourth Place fofituated in rejpeii 
the other three, that a Man may travel on Foot from it to an) 
the other three, in the /pace cf one Artificial Day at a ceiu 
time of the Tear j and that without the leajl hurry or fatigue vgh 

Par. 41. There are three diflinH Places en the Continent i 
£urope lying under the fame Meridian, and at fuch a difian: 
that the Latiude of the third furpajfeth that of the fee end ^; | 
many Degrees and Minutes exatily^ as the fccond /urpaffeth ti 
firft, and yet the true Difiance of the firfl and third from ^ 
fecond ( or Intermediate place ) is not the fame by a great niAi 

Par. 42. There are two diflinH Places on the Continent of Ei 
rope, fo fituated in refpe^ of one another, that though the ji' 
doth lie Eaft from the fecond, yet the fecond is not Weft from ti 

Par. 43. There it a certain European I/Iandf the Nortlmi^ 
Part whereof doth frequently alter both its Longitude and Lai.. 

Par. 44. There is a certain Place in the If and of Great Britaii 
vhere the Stars are always vifille at any time of the Day, if m 
Horia^on be not over^cajl with Clouds, 

Par# 45. -f^ w^ be clearly dcmovjlrated by the Terreflrial GUI'. 
That it » not above Twenty JFour Hours Sailing from the Bjver 
Thames in England to the City of MeiFina in Sicily, at a certA 
time of the Tear ; providing there be a brisk^ North ff^ind, a //^ i 
Frigat, and an Azitnuih Cvmpa ft, 

' Thefe are the chief Paradoxical Pojttlom in matte:^ 
of Geography, which mainly depend on a thoroiig 
Knowledge of the Globe ^ and though it is highly pn^ 
table, that they'll appear to fome as the greateft 
Fables i yet, we may boldly affirm, That tney're no 
only equally certain with the aforefaid Theorems^ hu^ 
alio we are well affur'd, that there's no Mathematic: 

. • Demof 

fart I. Geographical Paradoxes. 45 

jmonftratlon of Euclid^ more infallible true in it felf 
lan is every one of them, However, we think it not 
to pull off the Vizor, or expofe thofe masked Truths 
? publick View •, fince to endeavour the unmasking of 
m may prove a private Diverfion, both pleafant and 
feful to the ingenious Reader, at his more vacant 
[ours s w^ haftning in the mean time to the laft Thing 
ropps'd, vw. 


E 2 




* »< ; 



Part I. 

Concerning Land <i»^ Waten 

TH E Surface of the Terraqueous Globe [ to which we intirely re- 
drift ourfelves both here, and in the following Parts of thisTrea* 
tife 1 being always confidered by Geographers as a Superficies com-, 
pos'dof LandzvA. Water, as its fole conflituent Parts, and chefe Pans 
being fubdivided ( page 13. ) as followeth, vt^» 

land into 

Continents, Ifthmus's, 
Iflands, Promontories, 

Pcninfula's, Mountains. 

Water into 

Oceans, Straits, 
Seas, Lakes, 
Gulfs, Rivers. 

Of all thefc fcparately, and in their Order. Therefore 


Commonly reckon'd Four, 1;/^. Thofc 








Nortli i^^""^'"''^!-^ ..T^ T-'lfoundfromW.ioL 
\Mufcovta L or Kuffit J — j 

Middle < Germany ■ Mound from W. to E. 

Rmpe,< \p,land J 

I r Spain ■ 5 

I South < Ital) y. Mound from W. to E. 

[^ \THriy in Europe ■ J 


North, comprehending the vaft Country of Tartary, 
f China 

found from E, to W. 

■South ^';f:i 

\Turly in Afia 



Part I. 

Laud and Water. 


Barbary j 

Biledulgerid ■■■ 

Zaara or the Dcfarc— , 
•J 1 Land of the Neiroes^ > found from N. to 5. 
i^ Guinea ■ — _- 

Nubia • — 

jr*L' ^- ^Interior — 
.^Mthiopi4 I Exterior-^ J 


Mexico or Kew Spam ■ 

New Mexico or Nova Granadal 

^Flmda «. J* 

\Tena. Canadenfis ■ ■ ^- 

Terra Arnica 



cTerra Firma 



Land of the Amazons 


Chyli — ■> 

Paraguay — — ^j 

Terra Magellanica, 

\J['erra Antartika 



>from N. toS. 

§. 2. Of ISLANDS. 

They belong either 



The Scandinavian Iflands- 
|Thc Ifland of Ice-land — 
'The Britannici Idands — 
(The Axpres ^— ^ — 
Tlie Mediterranean Iflands- 



in the N. and BaUick Sea, 
j^u^W. oi Scandinavia* 
N. of France, 
W. of Spain, 
,S. of Europe, 



i •'^>. 


• i'*m 

M m 



Land and Water. 

Part I. 

The Japan Ifland . 

The PhUippin — 

The Ifles des Larrons ^ — 
The Moluccoes ..—^—^ 
The Iflands of the Sund — 
Ceylon and the Maldives — 

C Madagafcar 

I' ''More Re- J The Ifles of Cape Verde 
markabley The Canary Iflands - — 
C.The Madera 

^ The Ifles of Comoro — 
« /I D \Sr. Thomas's Ifland • 

L 3 St. Helena 

C Ifle of Afcenfion> 

rE. of China. 
S. W. of Japan. 
E. of the Phiirpptn. 
S. of the PhUippin. 
\W ,oi the Moluccoes. 

E. of Ethiopia, 
W. of Negroland. 
W. of Biledulger'id. 
W. of Barbary, 

N. W. of Madagafcar, 
W. of ^^/;/op/\i,Lat.oo. 
w) I W. of /Ethiopid^zt, 2. 
>^-S ^ s. W. of Sc. 7/;o/W4j. 

"North ^California - 
arc 2 Newfoundland 

h4 ' 

5 *) Hifpaniolz—^ 
^ C Fortorico — 

i ^ are the^ 

''^ Antiles, \ ^Caribees — 
fc J Lucayes — 
«j J Sotovento 
L \, Bermudas - 

Part F, 


L South is Terra del fuogo 

l^.E.o( St. Helena, 

W. of Nova Granada. . 
E. of Terra Canadenfu, I 

E. of New Spain, 

S. E. of the greater /In- 
S. E. of Florida. 
N. of Terra Firma; 
E, of Florida. 
f^S. of Terra Magellanic^, 

^< More a — 

§. s.OfPENINSVLA's. 


I Greece. 

I LfV^/e Tartary. 

tS (Taurica Cherffmefus — - , 

m • f 1 r J' lintraGangem \ © i The Continent") , .^.^ 

• <^ ^'"'"f''^^^''^'^-} extra Gangem] ? | The Continent ^^ ^^^^ 

,. i r^» . / -^. J, .., . I ^ Peninfula Indit intra Gan- 

In i4//rf 1 
In i4/r'c^ 
In i4/wer/( 


. (Capi 
^i Cape 
^ [Capi 



t J ^^tra 

Malacca [Cherfonefa d^or] 

In Africa is none but Africa it felf I "^ 
^ CMexicj or North Amir tea -n . 

^ X^Peru or 5()«^A America > 

. . The W. of i4/i4. 

> America. 

§. 4. 0/ 

Part r. 

Land and Water. 


§. 4 OfISTHMVS% 

In Europe are t\{t\Corinth "»^ rMorea to Greece. 

TaurkaCherfonefmio Lit- 
tle Tartary. 

7 S '^ irf r<i Gar gem, 
Africa to i4j7<«. 

lflhmHt'% oi" ^Taur'tcA. Cherfonefus 

In yf/z^ IS the Ifthmus of Malacca 

In v4/r'C;t is the Ifthmus of Sue^, — — 
In America, is the Ifthmus of Fanama j 

[^Mexico and pertt» 


rCape Nord 
Cape la Hague ^. 
The Lands En^i — 

The Lizard 

W ^ The "itart 



Caie de Fmifterra. 

Cape de Hocca — 

^Cape St. Vincent ■ 

, rCape Ningpo '— 
^2,< Cape Comer m^-^ 


rThe Norchmoft-part of Norway, 
The N. of France, 
The ^\ W.^ 

The S. >of Englaid, 
The S. J 
The W.^ 

The W Sof Spalru 
The W.J 


Cape SparteU 
Cape Verde 

^) Cape of Goad Hope. 
^ (^Cape of Guard] fen - 

Cape de Flvrida - 
Cape de Cariente 
Cape Fraward 
Cape ffoorn 



The E. of China. 

^ Peninf, Indidi intra Gangem, 
5 . S. E. part of Arabia. 

The W. of Barbary. 

The W. of Negroeland. 

The S. of Mtfyapia exterjoK 

The N. E. part of Ethiopia exterior* 

Cape de S, Auguftine^^ 

The S. of Florida. 
The W. of New Spain. 
The S. of Tfrrd Magellanka, 
The S. of re/T<i t/e/ Buogo. 
LThc E. of Brtf/?/. 

f •: 'i 


$. 6. 0/ 


Laftd and Water. 

Pan If part L 


;^J AU 




w • 

S3 < 



' «"The Volfrine Hills 

Boglowy .^.^ _»_ 
Hyperborean Mountains 

The Sevennes 

Auvergne —. , 
The Vaugue m, 
Fitfljtelberge » 

The Carpath'un Mouir. 
The Pyrensan Hills — - 


The Appenn'ws Hills — 
Vefuvius r a Vulcam 1 

The Jioly Mount 

The Grampion Hills — 

The Cheviot Hills 

Mai vein Hills — 

The Feaie - 
Sntwden ...^^ ■ 
Plinlimmon ■ 


StromboU [ a Vulcano ] 
^^tna [ a Vulcano ] — , 

^Between Sweden and Korway* 
In the Southern part "7 ^, ,. , . 
In the Northern par t/°*^^^^/"^'^ 

^ In the South-pare ot i^V4/;ce. 

In Lorrain, 

Incirculating Bohemia, 

In the S. oi Germany f viz. Suabia- 

In the South-parts of Poland, 

Between 5'/>4/« and Prance. 

Between /^^/y andl!!!''''"^''^- 


^ Dividing /^^/y into|^2}. 

In the Kingdom of Naples, 
In the N. of Afacedon, 
In the E. of Macedon, 
Ret ween Theffaly and Afaredon. 
In Scotand, i/^. S. of the River Dff, 
Bctwcr- Scotland and England, 
In £wi 'f^, v\z, Worcefler/hire, 
In England^ viz. Darbyfljire, 
In IValesy viz. Caernarvanjhire, 
In If<t/f J, viz. Cardiganfljirc, 
In helandyiz. in the C. of Limerick. 
In a little Illmd W. of Naples, 
(^In thclHiind oi Sicily. 

I Caucafus^ 

^ ^ Sardonyx 
\ Gvaco •— 


/'In r^iK^^ry 
[Between l^^^^-**:^-. 

I Taurus 

. _ . 3 iW(?g«/'s Empire. 

^ o 4; 0*1 '^he N. of Ff nm. in^rrf Gangem, 

' "^ '.In PeninfuU India intra Gangem, 

I Reaching from E. to W, of all Afu. 

S^In the Illand of Cf;7on, 







^ r 

^' TThe 
i^i \The V 

Tart a 
"^ } Per fid 


n C Orients 
^< Ethiop 
^ {^Atlant 

Vaft 1 
^ /The F 





The Sea 
the Ocean 
astbey lie 



Part I. Land and iVat err 

"Atonies L'lbyci ^ r between Zaara and Egypt 

AtUs . 
2 I Bafil'i 









Monies Lun£ 

•r<^Thc>I/»4/4C^m Hills 
'i^^ The Andes • 

In the N. of the Abyffine Empire. 
Under the Eq. in the fame Empire. 
i^i Between /f.#"^ Empire. 

In the Ifland ot Tenerife, 

Between <{ ^^'"^'^'^' . - 
l./c'rr^t Canaaenfis, 

In S. America rnnning from S. to N. 


J, 7. Of OCEANS. 

i JThc ffyperboreanl.. "^ 

i^J IThe vafl W'e/?er/i/ 

China -^ 
Indian — 
Per pan — \ 



2 f Oriental *) 

|^< Ethiopick SOcean 

^ {^AtlantickJ 



'£«>.;. on the{Nor;;h. 


Africa on the<^ South. 

America on the 

5*. 8. Of SEAS. 



JM^/'cl Sea 

German Sea 

r CSwedeland . 
vfith< Poland mpsLtt 
{Germany in pare 

vvith/f ^"^'''^^'^ - t on the ^'^ 
\Britain ■ j * ''"*^ ^ \V; 

-1 rW. 

— >on the^E. 

/r//^ Sea 

^ l^with J ?'>'"; 

Mediterranean Sea 


^ Ireland . 


} on the I ^^ 

} on Che {5^ 


e^^^"lpartof>iy/rf J the Is. 

. ^ ^ and W. 

*^^Euxine Sea J '^ 1 part of >{//<« j^the ^ S. and E. 

The Seas in the other three Parts of the World, are different Parts of 
the Ocean' [except .V4re Cajpium in i4//<i^ varioufly nim'd accordioe 
[is tbey lie adjacent CO different Countries. 


7 < «, 

'"."J ■ it 

L ( V'' 



,t ;< 



Land and Water. 
§. g.OfGVLFS. 

Part I, 


^ Sinus Botnicus ^^ 

Sinus Pinnicus- — I 

Sinus Adriat'icus 

hi j Gulf of Lions — 
I Gulf of Tarentum 

\(j\xl{ o£ Lepanto 


( GxAioi Bengal' — 
In Africa \it\{tAr a. 
bian Gulf 

Gulf of Mexico — 




g <BMtton*s Bay 
■^ Baffin's Bay 

N. W. betweenjg ;„ g^^^,^ 

N. into the S. of France, 
N. W. into the S. of Italy, 

,N.W.b«ween {^"t. 

N.W. between {;jj«;^, 

W. between {J^^-^f >;,,,. 

S.W. between {5:-f-^f- 
'v^N. W. into Tirrrtf Arnica, 

jr. 10. Of STRAITS. 

I ''Straits of Dover — 
Straits of the Sound 
^ . Straits of Cajfa 

^ I Thrac'an Bojphorus 

^ I The ffellefpont 

I Veer of Me0na -*.- 
{^Bokeof Corftca 

^ r Straits of the Sund 
X (.Straits of Or mm — 

Jo Africa is Babelmandel 

^5 r/r«<</(»»s Straits 

£ N f^ePum Davis — — 
^ (^^4!^e//4nw* Straits 



''The Germ. Orean to the Eng, Channel 
The Dani/h to the Bahici Sea. 
Tlie Afedit. to the Jf^^ern Ocean, 
Falus Mceotis to Pon^^x Euxinus. 
Pontus Euxinus to the PropdnPis. 
Propontis to the Archipelagus. 
One part of the Mediter, to another. 
One part of the Mediter, to another* 

The /rtiwn and Eafl Ocean. 
The Fery/4n Gulf to the S. Ocean. 

The Red Sea to the E. Ocean. 

Button's Bay to the E. Ocean. 
Baffin s Bay to the E. Ocean. 
The vaft E. and W. Ocean. 

^. II. (^ 

Part L 








Veter - 




cCorus . 
Piex - 
Tai — 
1^ ^ Chiamy 


Part I, 

Ltndand Water, 







S. If. Of LAKES. 

> Eaftcrn pare of SwcdeUnd^ 

Wlnander-mere . 
Wittles-mere - 

Foyl — 
Neagh - 
£4rn — 
Verge - 

fCorus . 
Hex - 

Chiamy ^- 
Aflamar — 
Bttrgtan — 

Libya — 

Bvr/io — 

IH^*^ Aqnilunda< 


Zare • 




Weflern part of Swe:(eUp.d^ 



eftern pare of Afofcovia: 



^Southern part Germany. 

North oiEtglandy viz, WefimwUnd* 
Middle of Eng'andyVh. Hmtingtonflnre, 
Northern i ^^ ^^^^^ ^ 

Soutnern j '^ 
Northern \ 

Northern C . ^ , # . 
NorthernrP"^^^ ^''^^^^^ 
Middle 3 

^ North •) 

I North >partof Tartary. 
! MiddlcJ 

iEaflern p^rtoi China, 

Northern part of India, 
Northern ^ 
• Northern Sparc of Perfia. 
Middle J 
South part of Paleftine* 

Weflern part of Egypt. 
Middle part ol Zaara, 

North ■) 

Middle Sof Ethiopia Interior 
f South J 

I >Souch pare of Ethiopia Exterhri 


' V 
( .' '. 


11 \l\ li fffljJr „;< 


U t.i '1^ 


> ;i 


I'1 ,. <i 

1 ill ' ■ 







.1 iS i 

I*' ■i'>' 


r Nicaragua ■ 

•^ J Par'tme . 
5 ] Tuicaca .. 

"^ / Eupana or Xaxaius 
\ Iroquois ■ 

irf^rf <i»fif W^^i/er. 

Part ij 

South ") , ,, «^ . 
Middle .r^ ^'^ ^^'''"• 
fcafl part of Terra Firma, 
South part of Peru. 
North part of Paraguay, 
South pare of rfrr^i Canadinfts, 

Thofe of Europe, 

"J Dalcarie" 
ScarJinav'ia C Kinii — 
are r Torw? — 

) Elfe — 
De/iw<jr/&'? None re- 
Uorway j markable 

.2 (Volga 
g ^ Don - 

"* \ Garonne 

Macs " 
5 Rhine - 

^ < Elm - 


I Unknown 




Rha - 

^^ } , Unknown 

! G 


Oder - 


Sequana 1 

Ligeris . 

RhoUm * . — — 

Danubks or 7/?fr 
Scildis ■ - 

RhecMs — 


E, turnings. 
E. turn. W. 
N. W. 

A/nafiifs — . — . 




Odera or Viadrus 

Borijlhenes — ■ — 


Part I. 


Tago - 
Douro - 

(Po — 

"^ ^A:no -. 

^ VcW — 

( Volturno 

In European 
the Danube, 

f/ypan'is — 

.N. W. 

o* E* 

I. W. 


f Thames - 

e Humbert 

^ //«ff — 
i^ Twede — 
i^Cam — 

shannon - 
|Z^f « — 
\ Barrow — 

Part I. 

Ldfid and Water. 


c jQHadalqu'tvl) 



^ Ydige — 

( yolturno « 

Iberus *- 
Sucro — 
Bjit'is — 
Anas — 
Tagks — 
Durius - 

In European Turkey is 
the Danube, 

"^ "" Clyde 

EridanusoT Padus 
Athefis •- 

Arnus . 

Tibris . 

Vulturnus • 

Danub'tMsoT Ifler 




f^ Thames . 

Severn *- . 

Taus - 





Is. w. 

W. in its ma'n 






S< Ttne 

<^Cam - 

,Lee - 

'BUiiwatfr ^^ 

\ Barrow — 


Bovnc * 

Dea, D'lva^ Ocafa 
Dona ~~. 

T.mefis — 



Tina . 

Tuefis • 

yaga • — 

Caffius — 

^ J N. W, 

c< N. 




S. W. 

Sinus — 
Sai^fdnus • 
Birt^us — 

Buvtnda, Bina-^j 


E. Body. 


N, turning E« 


S. W. 
, E. turning 5. 





!> I 


1 ff 





La/fd and Water. 
Thofe of Afia. 



Is jPaiifanga 
Chefel . ^ 


"^Margus — . „ 
Unknown - 



La^artus — 

M f Ganges — 
*§ < Guenga * — 


( Idem — 



"g I Not remarkable 

^ I Idem .. >. £ >s. W. 

fW. turning N. 




E. various 


Part r. 

5 CSrveri, 


In ^»3/4 is 




> ^ < 

\ Palimalon 

^ S Bendimor 

/ Tint! 

K^Syri — . 

Not remarkable . 

Arabs ■ — - 

Bagradas, Agradatus. — 
EkleuSj ChaofpeSfffidiifpes 
Araxes, Arafer, — <— 

Tygris — 








>S. E. 

In New Spa, 
(N, Gran 




In Egyypt is the iV/7e 

Thofe of PSxiC2i. 

^ r mus- 

^") Guadilbarbara 



Rubric At us ^ 




Guadilbarbara \ c ( Not remarkable ^ 
\jor < c *< Not remarkable*^ g "^ 

Branches of Gir 

In Z(i4r4 is t lie Body of Gir 
In Nfiroelanda is the Ni^er^- 




Gir as 

S. E. 


^ ' The gre 
I \ The Co} 
I ) //udfon'i 
^ ] Rive re , 
;: /The Sef 
^ \ The Fa 


In Terra Aril 

\%) Slope . 

^ Parama 

[In Amazonia 
With id Br 


art I 

Part I. 

Land and IVater. 


ing N. 

2 CSvper'm de Cofta 


o iRiveredeVolta 

Not remarkable 
Not remarkable 


N. W 



la Nubia is the Kiver Nnba — | 5^ 

1 "g 
Zaire ■ >.ii '< Unknown 



ExtemrJR, de Infant 

IZambre — - 

K,de Spirit hS.. 





Interior is ^/Ve its main Body J 

Not remarkable I m v 

I .S 

Unknown — 
Unknown — 
Unknown — 
Unknown — — 


S. E. 



TAofe of America* 

In New Spain none remarkable "> *^ 
CN, Granada is il/o del Nort. 
l^Florida is A. <^c/ Spiritu S, 

(| ' The great River Canada — - 
I \ The Connecticut . 
5 J mdfon's River. . 

|t / The Sefquahana » 
^ The Patomeck .. 

} Unknown 

111 Terra Arliica none. 

c\K R»de Faria or Orinoquo 

^■■l iR.ftef Madeline 



c "S 


\s, Martha 

JMiary — 
Slope — 

rt »»^i 

In Amazonia is the /imaxpr>t 
with i(t Branches — 






• Unknown ; 

^Unknown J 







Land a^d Wafef. 

Part I. 



' 1 

Peru none remarkable 

^Paraguay is Rjode la PUta( "^ 
In JchiH none confiderablc 

\TerYa. Mj^eLanical \ c 

Terra Antartka^ r°"^ J < 


Thcfe are the mod: Remarkable Rivers in the World, as alfo their 
old Names, and how they run •, which Rivers will be found very cc« 
ceffiry for the better underftandin^ of the Second Part of thisTrcatife, 
wherein we defign to view ail Remarkable Countries in their SitnatmA 
Extent, Divifion, and Subdivifions^ and more efpecially thole of fwrope.] 
But fincc moft of thofe Rivers above mention'd belonging to the Con- 
tinent of Europe do confift of feveral confiderablc Branches very nc- 
ccfTary to be known ^ we fhall rehearfe fuch Rivers, and annex tol 
each of them their Principal Branches, all which may be readily found 
by Travelling Irom the Mouth of the Rivers towards their Heads. | 








Volga arc < ^^ 

* I Occareca - 

rV Oyfe 
Seine are < Mam 



Le Sarte 
Le Loir - 
Loire are -< yienne — 
*j Indre — 
I Lc Chcre 
lAUicr - 


Rhone are 

( Duran 
^ Jfcrc 

r V.nd nnc 
Garone arc <^ lot — . - 


N. E. 

Is. W. 

\ N. W. 


. W. 


s. w. 



art I. 

Land dnd Water. 

rPruth — 



ilanta ~ 
Morarvd — 


Danube arc < Drave . 






El me arc 

I Rhine are 


Mixcfe arc 

W'lfer arc 



Ruppel [running W.] aug- I ^;' " 

mententcd by 

SihelJ^iTC ^J\ndcr 
Lis — 

Soil - 

Lahn . 






S. E. 








, Aoer - 



/IZ/e^fW.] augmented bv[^;i7, 

fiiid ■ . m, — . 

*" N.E. 

s. w. 






' T\ 


'• ' 1 1 


Land attd Water. 

Part I 

r Wart a 
Oder are ^ BBher 


Nteperzre -f^'^"-*. " 

L^^VP^^^Ky ^r Pereptus^ 

Viflul is the Bugg . 
Nkmen is the K///w 


is '< 


) (jatiega — 

' i Guar dame flit 
Guadiana are none remarkable 


* y Guadarran 


Douro are 

Jfa arc 

- Tormes 

J re//«a — ■ 
. Tanero [running CBormida 
^ E. turning N. < 

augmented by {^Stura 

\Jiora Baltcd 
Adlge is Bach/giione — 


\Sieve — 

Arno are 


/oifkritff its ciiicf firiinch is ^^^^^^o 


s. vv. 


N. turn W. 


S. E. 
S. W. 
N. E. 


S. \V. 



^ N. W. 


Is. E. 



I ].S. E. 

' S. 
E. turning S. 

S. W. 

S. E. 


Land and Water. 

'art !• L,and and Water. 59 

Thefe are all the Remarkable Branches of the Chief Rivers on the 
;;ontinent of Europe. And thus we arc come to a Period, not only of 
[his Sertion, but alfo of the Firft Part of this Treatifc, having now 
ncrform'd thofe five things at firft propos'd, which was to entertain 
[he Reader with fome Geographical Definitions^ Problems^ theorems^ 
ind Paradoxes \ as alio a Tranfieut Survey of the whole Surface of the 
Terraqueous Globe, as it confifls of Land and Water, And fo much 
lor a General View thereof. Now followeth. 

■■■ -M 

F 2 









f L4 ^r1 









lii|2£ 12.5 

sSf I- 

Vi Hi 


U_ 11.6 





«> '> 








(1\(.\ S72-4S03 


■,1 ■ 

. ii;^ii 








ting eith 
(iuc'd CO 

In tal 
|{lin witi 
lljiiic or 

Part II. 


Modern Geography. 

PART 11. 

Comprehending a 



Terraqueous GLOBE, 

Y a Particular View of the Terraqueous Globe, we under- 
hand a clear and exaft Profpeft of all remarkable Countries 
on the Face of the whole Earth, according as they are re- 
prefented by particular Geographical Maps t, as alfo a true 
and compendious Narrative of the chief Obfervables rela- 
ting either to them or their Inhabitants : All which may be briefly re- 
duc d to thcfc following Heads j i;;>;. their 













Chief TownSi 






In taking fuch a Profpeft of all remarkable Countries, wc fliall bc- 
kin with Europe, and travel through the various Divifions thereof in the 
lame order as they are fee down ( pag* 44. ) Therefore 



• 'I .'. 

i -' !i 



Part 11 



The Continent of Europe being divided 
( P^g^ 44- ) into Vlll. great Parts. 

( S wedel and ^ ^Stockholm. 

1 &CCinliittal3ta S Denmark 

C Norway 

^orcoUd or Rudia 

• I 


> ^ ©ecmanp 





" •S ^ Vienna. 


y Cracow. 



Cur&j) in Europe 


To thefe add the European Iflands. The Chief of which 

»af '" "^ -d jTh»re of }^,SJ,, 
i^belmti. 5 53 ithat of Dublin. 

Of all tihele in their proper Places. 


Part II 





'*" V- 



T ^ 


F whichl 




h Ni' 

:lf ;j^: 



, Smdei 
\ ^ com 





Pnr/: 11. 



Concerning g)CanWna5)l(l* 

d. m. 

•§ (becween |^^ J^'lof Long. 
I ^becween |^4 lo j^^ ^^^^ 


i«e ^Length is about 1030. 

5 C Breadth is about 840. 

fSwedeland^ • C Stockholm, 
Divided into the Kingdoms of< Denmark y\ < Copenhagen. 

{^Norway J'Q {^Bergen. 


! Gothland . ■ ■* 
Swede! and prop, 
upland ~ 



fLunden — 
Calmar — 

^^ J Nottebofrg or 


n ..h SJifftiand \ Slefwick 

DsnmMk ^D^n/y/jlflands J ^yCopenbagen 




from S. to N. 

from S. to N. 

from W, to K. 

IJorway comprehends five Governments. Of which hereafter. 

More particularly, 


Scml, contains the S^f!i''"''\ru t . f^f'^/^'ril-W. to E. 
Provinces of < BM'ng \Ch.Tom^ Chrfanfiat^ • 

C^^c^owe/i J {^Luuden^ Southward. 

r VermeUndU 

(/o^fe/^n^ contains the jSjJ/ff.TT" 
Provinces of ^mrogoth^ 


Carollfadt "^ N. to S. in 

b \ Daleburge > the Wcft- 

Gottenburge J part. 

^(?/?rog9^W<i— C .jj yATor/to/j/nig— 7 N. ro S. in 
i Smalandia^j^ (^ Calmar — J the E. pare. 




r ! ■ 1; 1 

'i ♦ 

-' *> I 




rSitdermania - 


Wejlmania — 
Vplandia - 

f Ntkopln 

" Orebra ■ 
Arofen ^ 

Smdeland [proper- 
ly fo call d1 con. : ^ a - 
tains the Provin.<^ ^'^'^''f. 
CCS of ?f ^/''^'^ 

Medelpandia — 
Jfemptia"-—^ — . 
\^Angermannia — 

irfft'dMrfcontains the ) Pj^ha-l.apmark 
l>rovince6of K^^/'^.-^^p/w^r^ 

'Torma Lapmark 


thoicJVpfal and 
of \ Stockholm 

Part II Ipart II' 

•-\ I, r^hrt\ 




Hedemore - 

Selanger — 


Hernofand •— 




Finland contains the 
provinces of 


N, Finland — 
Tavaflia — 

J Savolaxia — 

- Kexholmia^ 
Crelia - — 
Nylandia — 

^^5. f inland - 

1 -2^ 


Tornitt - — ( 
Kimi — 

The Cl 

-from S. to N. I hereafter 

— I 

ngria preprh- 
Ingria contains the > 

Provinces of S Jngcrmanm — 



Cajaneburgh upon thc*!^/;:] 

Biorneberge ^ 

Tavaflus / 

Niflot > 

Kexholm J 


Borgo — ^E, toW.I 

Abo ^ 


Orefca^ or Not 

Caper'w • 


Riga - 


Divided ii 

This va 
three difl 
Of each o 

]»S. toN,| 

livonia contains ^hc J Lettenland 

Provinces of XEftiand 

§. 2. DENMARK. 

rXhe PeninfuU of Jwtland, 
Being divided ini:o< 

l.The Damlh Iflands. 

LP, of Holflem [ of which in Lomr Saxoti)'. 


and Nori 
by the Ft 
Sweden 01 
Suevi^ 01 

too nigh 




Part njpart II. Scandinavia. 

^ rSorthcom-'^Aalborg — "^ ♦'Idem — 

? prehends (W'lbrg-^ Idem — . 

the Dio- r'Arhufen — ■ 

cedes of J Ripen — 


n S. to N. 

I thtVk 




N. to 
S. W. 

.5. toN, 

Idem — 

»fro:Ti N. CO S. 




rffederfljvc \o\ j^^^ 

I At\t\amv M J a ?■ ^ 


prehends ) Flensborge ' ;| 

the Prefe- -< GotoYp: U 

Ifturesof 1 Tonderen 


I Idem. 

fromN. ro 5. upon the 
B.iltic/i' Sea. 

Idem 'l Tsi. to S. upon the 

Idem V o>rw.i.Se3. 


The Chief of the D^n///; Iflands are Zealand, Funen, 6ic. Of which 
hereafter when we come to treat of Iflands. 

S. 3. NO R WA r. 

Divided into the 
Goyernments of 

Bahus • 


Bergenus -— 
Dnnthemus — 
Wardus — . 


Idem— — 


"^ ^Bergen — 

5 V Drotithem 

(J J Idem — 

S. toN. E. 

Thisvad Continent of Scandinavia comprehending (as aforefaid) 
three diflinft Kingdoms, i/i;^. thofe of Sweden, Denmark and Norwaj^ 
Of each of thefc feparately, and in their Order. Therefore, 

§. I. SWEDEN. 

fiamc.] OVeden formerly Suecia, part of ancient Scandinavia \ 
k) and now bounded on the Eaft by Mofcovia on the Weft 
and North by Norvray j on the South by the Sound and part of the 
Baltick'] is term'd by the Italians, Sue:(ia •, by the Spaniards^ Suedia , 
by the French, Suede ; by the Germans^ Schweden \ and by the Engli/f:^ 
Sweden or Swedeland ', fo called from i:s Ancient Inhabitants the i';rf/ion« 
SHCviy or Suethidiy with the Addition of Land for Termination. 

ilttr.'] The i4ir of this Country is generally very Cold, but (ifnoc 
too nigh fome Lake or Marfti; very pure and wholfome^ yea, fo 
healthful to breach in, thac many of its Inhabitants do frequently live 







|l<U ' 


66 Scandifiavia. Part li 

to an hundred years, cfpccially they who ahflain from cxceffive driniJ 
ing, a thing too much prailis'd by many of them. The /I/jr/pjjej J 
this People, or the oppofice Place of the Globe zo sn>e del an J ^ istlj 
Part of the vaftpacifi.k Ocean, comprehended between the 22orhaJ 
230th Decree of Longitude, with 50 and 70 Degrees of South Latiudel 

§0tl. ] The Sj/V of this Country (it lying in the ptli, 10th. iitJ 
and 1 2th Northern Climates) is not very fruiciul, but yet w^cre icii 
fertile in Corn, that difadvantjge is re ompcns'd with t )lcral)le pJ 
ftunige: However it produceth as much Grain as f tficiently fcrvetlil 
its Inhabitants: Its numerous Lakes are very well flor'd with virioj 
kinds of Kiihcs. Irs Mountains arc generally covered over wich 
Trees, and (evcral of lin'd with confiderable Mines of Tinl 
Erafs, Iron and Copper, cfpccijly the two lair, and that beyond anjl 
ctlicr Country in Europe ; befidcs in Welimanlt is a Mine of Silver] 
The longeft Day in the Northmofl part of this Country is about two| 
Months (the Sun being fo long without fetting when near the Sum- 
mer Solflice.) The Ihorreff in the Southmofl, is about 6 Hours !, and 
the Nights I'roportionabiy, ' ' 

Commot)itfC0] The Chief Commodities of this Country are MetaJjJ 
Ox hides. Goat skins, Buck-skins, and coffly burs, Pinottrees, Fir- 
trees, Oaks, Tallow, Tar, Honey, aad fuch like. 

IRarttfCflf.] The Chief ^ri>7^/>.f of this 'Country may be re kon'd 
thele following , vi^. ( i. ) Two publick Cloch of admirable 
Workmanfh'p j one belonging to the Cathedral Church of Vpfali 
the other to that of St. Lau :nce in Lundetiy efpecially the latter, 
which (fuppos'd to be the Work of Gafper Bartholinus)(i\cvist\ot onlA 
the Day, Hour and Minute, but alfo all the remarkable Motions ot 
the Coelcflial Bodies, with all Feftivals, both fixt and moveable, and 
feveral other pleafant Curiofities. (3.) A few Leagues from Gtff;en« 
burg is a dreadful Catara^^ where a confiderable Current, which 
runs a long way out of the Country, and coming at laflto a hideous 
"Precipice, rulheth down from then e into a low Pit, with a mighty 
force and a terrible noife ; and whereas the Natives ufually bring down 
their Hoats of Timber by that Current; fuch is the Height of the 
aforefaid Precipice ; and fo deep is the Pit into which the Water falls, 
that large Mafts, when hurried down by the impetuous Stream from 
that Precipice into the Pit, do frequently dive fo far under Water, that] 
'tis a confiderable time before they rife up to the Surface thereof again j 
fome of 'em being 20 Minutes, others 40, and fome upwards of a 
whole Hour under Water. If it be alledg'd that the Mafis may proba- 
bly flick fad into the Mud for fome time. To take off that Objeftion ; 
the Pit into which they fall has been often founded with a Line of ma.j 


'art If. 


[]v I undrcd Fathoms long, but never couK! they reach the bottom. 
h: fov ards th.e Souti.crn ,3arc o^'^'othliirJ '■» i remarkable Slimy Lake 
JJvh' 'i un%t:s fu h rh' nr? :-:« ^rc p'.ir 'vv.j '.r. '4.) '■"• feveral pares of 
Is^Jc'i i- tf^-'*^'^ ' crcin Sronc, which, bcui^^t a Y 'low Colour, in- 
Ifermisc vvufi Icv'^ral -Srrr?.!ks oi .....'r, {i^'-{ c^mp^' d of Go'dand Sil« 
vii) arToids both Sulphui, vitro), a'tim and Minium. (5 ) Some 
write of a lake in Lapland^ uliich hach as many Iflands in it, as there 
|are Days in the Year. 

3rcI)bifl)0p;iCfetf J Archbifl?opricks belonging to 5'»'t'i/t'fl, are Two, 
|i,^. thofe oi 



15id)OWiCb0O Bifliopricks in this Kingdom are eight, 1/;^. thofe 

IGottenburg^ IVexiac^ 

\strengties^ Lundcn^ 



MnitttUtit^,'] Univerfities cfhbliflied here, arc Two, v/^. thofe 



fanners ] The Smdes ffor the mod part) are Men of big and 
Arong Bodies-, Men, whofe very Conftitution doth fie them to be 
Soldiers. This Nation has been noted in the World for feveral Warlike 
Atchievements, and is ftill able to endure the Fatigues of a Military- 
Life; yet their Military Affairs in former times were but very indiffe- 
rently ordered, their chiefefl Korce confifting in the Boors, till Gujiavus 
and his SucceiTors with the affiffanceof fome Scotch and German Officers, 
introduc'd good Difcipline among the common Soldiers. Their Gen- 
try are much given to Hofpitality, very arable and Civil to Strangers, 
and many of them become confiderable Proficients in feveral Arts, and 
Sciences. The Commons are generally efleenVd good Mechanicks, buc 
iookt upon by all, as too much addifted to Lazinefs in Point of im- 
proving their Country, by not cutting down many unnecelTary Forefis, 
and improving their Ground to better advantage. 

I HangaagcJ] The Swedes fpeak a Dialeft of the Tetitonk, which is 
fomcwhat different from that us'd in Denmark and Vpper Germany. 
Pcrfons of quality underfland and fpeak the Ifi^h German Language in 
its Native purity. The F'mlanders have a peculiar Gibberifh of their 
own. For a Specimen of the swedifl} Tongue, we (hall here fubjoin 
I the Lord's Prayer in that Langwge, intending to obfervc the fame Me- 

I '•; 

■ • m 



- r ' ,■'• " 'si 

S 'V:i'' 

.f k\ 




Part ig 


'.f' '<*! 

liM .'' 

« I' 

thod in treating of all other Languages in F.uYtpe, Their Pater k^iM 
runs thus, Fadher war- fum e!} i himlcm ^ belgh.xt w^rde tiett namyn^ till 
komme t'ltt ricke^ sk^e thw'ilie (j, co'tii himmeleny fa ock pa jordenn^^ 
n'art d.fgiiha brod giff)jz i da^h-^ och fir! at ofz^ war a skuldy fa fom 9d 
n^forlate them ofs^ skyldiglje aro) Ock in Icedh o'r^ ickci frcflelfe utbanfril\ 
oj^i fra ondo. Amen* 

<I£»ot)ernment.] The Kingdom of SwcdelarJ having fuffered varioy 
turns of Fortune, being ''re<quenc!y dillurb'd by the adjacent Nation 
atlaflgot rid of them all, and, becoming terrible to others, fprcadi 
felf over a confiderable I'art oi its Neighbour's Territories. At prefer 
'tis fub;cdlunto, and govern'd by its own Monarch, who, f nee the laft 
Age, is not only Hereditary, but by the late turn of Affairs in his] 
Country, hath alfo attained unto, and now exercifeth fuch a Power' 
over the SubjeiJf, chat the fame is really aftonifhing to any confiderirj; 
Terfon, who looks back unto the State of that Kingdom, only a few 
"Years ago. He is indeed a powerful Prince both by Sea and Land, (e- 
fpccially the latter) and always keeps in pay a great number of Forces-, 
and that with a very fmall Charge to himfelf : For the Common Soldi- 
ers and Seamen arc maintain'd by the Boors, and Officers (for the 
moft part) are put in PolfefTicn of fome farms of the Crown Lands, 
whofe Revenues ferve for their Pay, his Guards only are thcgreateft 
and moft immediate Charge unto him, they being pay'd out of his Trea- 
fury. He is ftil'd King of the Srredcf^ Goths, and Vandals : Grand 
Prince of Finland^ Dukeoi Eilm'ia and Ca elia, and I ord of Ingr'ia^ 5cc. 
The different Orders in this Realm are Six, i//^. Princes oi the Blool, 
the Nobility^ Clergy^ Soldiery, Me, chantry^ and Commonalty. Thcfeby 
their Reprclenrativcs being aOlmblcd in Parliament, make four diffe- 
rent Houfes, !'/>. C'O that of the Xobility, where the Grand Afarfid 
prefides. 2. That of the Cl<^y..y-> where the A':cbbifl)np of V^fal prefides. 
5. That of the burgefjex, where one of the Conjuls of Stockholm prefides. 
And laft, Thar ot the Knights of the shin\ where one of their own 
Number clefttd by theiufcives prefides. Chief Courts cftablilli'd in this 
Kingdom, arethefc Five, 1' >• (i) That commonly called the K/w^'s 
Chamber y defij^n'd for the Deciiion of all Cafes happening between the 
Nobility, Senators, or any of the Publick Oifieers, and here the Kini 
is (at leaft, ought to fit as) Prc'iden-. (2.) The Court Martial^ in 
which all Matters reliting to War aredetermin'd, and here the Grand 
JVfarjhal of the Army is Prefidcnt. (:?.) The Court ot Chancery, m 
which Ed idils, Mandates, CommilTions, and fuch like, are made out in 
the King's Name, and here the Chancellour of the Kingdom is Prcfideir. 
(4) The Court oi' Adtn rulty^ in which all bufmefs relating to Mar:- 
tine Affairs are tranfailed, and here the /iii^h Admiral is Prefidciir. 
Laftly, the Court ot F.xihcaev. in which all Matters concerning the 


part II. Scandinavia. 69 

Ipublick Revenue arc manag'd, and here the Grani Tret fur er is Prefi- 


3rm9'l The King of Sweden bears quarterly. In the Firft and 
Fourth, Ax,uye^ three Crowns, Or, two in Chief, and one in Bafe, for 
iw^deland. In the fecond and third, Barry, Ar,,ent and A^ure, a Lion, 
/r, Crown'd Gules, for Finland, Over all quarterly, in the firft and 
lourth, Sable, a Lion, Or, Crown'd, arm'dand languid, Gules for the 
Palacinate of the Rhine, In the fecond and third, Lozenges, Bend- 
Lfe of twenty one pieces >Ir^f«^ and AT^ure, {ot B-i'varia. For the 
Xrcft, a Crown Royal, adorn'd with eight Flowers, and closM by as 
nany Demi-circles, terminating in a Mond, Or^ The Supporters arc 
jtwo Lions, Or, Crown'd of the fame. And his Motto in thefe words, 
\Vomms Prote^or mem, 

IReUgiOtl't Luther apifm is the eflablifh'd Religion of this Country, 
eing univcrlally profefs'd by all Orders and Degrees of Men, (except 
|in L/i'onw, where is a confiderable number of Papifts intermixt j and 
lAfUndy manyof whofe Inhabitants are meer Heathens, ufually wor- 
rtipping the Sun, Fire, vSerpcnts, and the Like) and that ever fince 
\)\t Days of the Reformation, which was happily effefted in this King- 
dom by Gufiavusxhc Firft, upon his AccefTion to the Suvedijf) Crown, 
Ifmce which time their Religion hath not been difturb'd from abroad but 
loncc, and fince that difturbance, never diftrafted at home by Non- 
[Conformity ^ for Perfbns of all Ranks adhering to the Tenets of Luther, 
give conftant attendance on Divine Service, and join in the fame man* 
ner of Worfhip. Which uniformity in Religion, fome are pleas'd to 
bpute to that effectual Method commonly believ'd to be here taken, 
m lately proposed in Enfjand^ to deter all Romilh Priefts from en- 
hmg Sweden, [^eorum k. Cajiratiol and fowing the Seeds of DilTention 
Imong them. Cbriftiatiity was firft planted in this Country, A. C. 829 ; 
land that by the careand diligence of Anfgarius (a Monk of Corvey, and 
laftcrvvards Archbifhop of Breme) fent thither lor that end by the Em- 
Ipcrour Lewis the Pious, 

i 2. DENMARK. 

Umc ] y\Enmark [formerly Cimbrica Cherjmcfus, a part of An- 

\ _J cicnt Scandanavia ', and now bounded on the Eaft, by 

J!3rto( the B.tltick \ on the Weft, by part of the German Ocean \ on 

jhc North, hy x.\\q sound \ and on the South, by part oi Germany'] is 

Icrm'd by the Ittlidns^ Dania j by the Spuniards^ Dinfnarca j by she 


1 1 m. 

•'I : 





Part II 

French Dencmark\ by the ///^/j Germans^ D:memArk., and by the Cn^'/iyi* 
Denmark ; fo called trom the Bounds and Marches of its Inhabitants the 
D.tnes, whole Country, bordering on the Ancient Batavi and Saxons 
was thereupon call'd D.we-maychy which Name in proccfs of time did 
turn into thaf of Denmark. 

3IirO The i4'> of this Country is much the fame with that in the 
Southern Part of Swedeland^ it being extrcamly Cold, but in n^oll 
places, very wholefpnie. The oppofitc place of the Globe to Dcnma)i 
is that part of the Tacifick Ocean lying between 21© and Z2o Degrees 
of Longitude, with 50 and 60 Degrees of SoHth Latitude. 

^otlO The Soil of this Country (it lying in the loth and nthl 
North Climates) is very good for Grain and Pafturage. Here isabun. 
dance of Fifli, dpecially Herrings, as alfo many wild Fowls, and mod 
kinds of wild Beafts. f he longell Day in the Northmolt partis ij 
Hours ;, the Hiortell in the Southmoft is 8 Hours ■:J and the Nightj 

CommotJ(tieff-l The CMcf Commoditks of this Country are Fiili, 
Tallow, Furniture for Ships, Armour, Ox-hides, Buck-skins, Fir-wood, 
and Wain-fcor, (fy'c, 

18ai'ftiC0. 1 Near to Sfefwici (Southward) are yet to be fecntlicl 
Remains of that famous Wall and Trench^ made above 880 Years ago by 
(jotric'ms (then King of Denmark) to hinder the Incurfions oi the Saxons^ 
refcmbling fomcwhat the Fief's Ifall in Great Britain. Between F'.enf^ 
b^rg and Slcfwkk is a fnull village, which goes by the Name of Anglen^ 
remarkable in fo far, that from the faid Village and Country adjacent, 
came our Anceftors, tbe Ancient Angles into Great Britain, In Gottorf 
is an admirable C/Zo^f of Copper, 10 Foot [. Diameter, fo contriv'd 
by one of the Dukes of Hdde'm^ that (by certain Wheels turn'd about 
by Water) it rcprefents exaitly the Motions of the Coeleflial Bodies. 
As ahb another of fix Foot Diameter, fram'd by Tych-> Cr<i/j<j that famous 
Vanifh Ailronomcr, now to be feen with a lively Reprefentation of the 
Tychnbraick SylUm Mechanically contriv'd, and feveral curious Aftro- 
nomical Inftrumcnrs in the Rf^und Tower at Copenhagen: Which Tower 
it felfis likewifc Obfcrvable for its manner of Afcent, being fo con. 
triv'd that a Coach may drive up to the Top thereof. But whereas the 
chief Cminiitii-'s of Denmark may be julily reckon'd, rhofe treafured up 
in the Afufjtum Regium at Cpenhagcn ^ and having had lately oh Ocra« 
fion to view th.* fame, I humbly prelume it will not be altogether un* 
unacceptable to the Kcadcr to give fome account thereof. 

This excellent Repofitory confifls of eight dirl'crcnt Aparrmfn's,an(l 
thofc well ftockc wich wliat dcfervcs the Obfervation of an inquifitive 


rt II. Scartdiftavia. 71 

riveller. To run over the Contents of each Apartment, would re- 
urea Volume : I (hall therefore reftriit my ifelf to fuch Cmioiittes as 
remoft Obfervable; and thofc I ni'ght fitly reduce to twoCIaires, x//>. 
'^rxl and Artificial. Oi Natural Cmiofttics, there is indeed iii 
his MuUivn as good a Colleftion of all lorts, as in moft publick. Re- 
(icorics in Euope; there being to be fecn in it all remarkable ^z;/- 
ils, Birds, FijJjes, Plants, Minerals, &c. brought thither from moft 
rts ct'the known World. But my prcfcnt Dcfign is not todefcend 
lo particulars here, fince the Reader will find an account of fuch Cu- 
fitics, as he Travels through the various Countries from whence they 
ime, and to whom they Originally belong : Suffice it therefore in this 
ace to take notice only of the Artificial Rarities of this Mufxum, the 
oft Remarkable of which are thefe following, v'lr^. (i.) The Tmr 
nd Arteries of the Human Body curioufly reprelented by LonlVare, all 
fern appearing in their natural Situation, Bignefsand Colour. (2.) An 
rtificial Human Skeleton, of Ivory, admirably well done by a certain 
i<tni/& Mechanick. Its right Hand Grafps a large Sythe, the left holds 
Sand-GUfs, and upon the out-fide of the Cafe containing this Curio- 
ity is a Commendatory Copy of Verfes compos'd by the celebrated 
natomifl Thomas BarthoUnus. (3 ) A lively Hiffory of our Saviour's 
■ilTion cut out in Ivory. (4.) An Exaft Model of a Ship with her 
,Iafls and Sails, all of Ivory. (?.) An Ivory Clock aftually agoing. 
(5) A Cabinet of Ivory and Ebony very beautiful to look upon, and 
dmirably well contrived within ^ and remarkable for being the work 
la Z)<i«//7jMechanick Stone-blind. (7.) A well polifh'd Table of Mar- 
e, in which is a natural reprefentation of a Crucifix* (8.) Several o- 
her large Marble Tables curioufly adorn'd with inlaid precious Stones 
aturally reprefenting Birds of divers Sorts. (9.) A pretty turn'd 
Vooden Cup, which confills of no fewer than an hundred Cups puc 
ntoone another 5 each of which is fo thin, that they'll hardly admit 
fa (light Touch of one's Hand without harm, (ic.) Several Tankards 
ups, Boxes, and other Veflels of Beach- Tree, neatly made and adorn'd 
ivich Variety of Curious Figures by a Pcafant of Norway; and all with 
other Tool than an ordinary Knife. (11.) Two curious drinking 
cffels, one of Gold, the other of Silver in form of a founding Horn. 
hac of Gold weighs lox Ounces ;, is in length 2 Foot 9 Inches, and 
)ntains about two F^ngiifli iMncs, and an half. This Horn was found 
ntheDiocefs oi Ilipcn, Anno 1639 ^ has in rai fed work on its out- 
ide fuch a number of Animals, with Men in ffrange PoRurcsanJ Di- 
ets Hieroglyph! cH' Figures as fuHfi oiently evince it to be of .1 Pagan Ex- 
lalion, and to have beenus'd by the Heathens in their Religious i'er- 
brmances. The other of Silver wcighsalmoff 4 Pounds, and isterm'd 
mu Oldenburg! cum, of which a certain Chronologer Hjfr.elinaiws gives 
ftrangc Relation, rwus prefcntcd 10 OtbiX, (one of 
he Dukes oiOldcnbhrg) by a Ohoji chat appeared to him }n \ U'ood a> 

I • 







Part II. 


he was a Hunting : But in the Judgment of the beft Cricicks, 'cwas 

miAthy Chr I iii an \. of Denmark, (12.) Many Roman Urns, togedier 

with a Stilus Romams /Eneus^ which is four or five Inches long, and 

about the bignefs of an ordinary Goofc Quill \ it's (harp at one end 

and the other h fitted to fcracch out what has been faldy Written.! 

(13.) Afachina Plamtaruw^ an excellent Mouern Engine ^ by turnin? 

the Handle of which,one may readily fee at any time, either part, prcfenr 

or to come, the true 5tate of the Ce/e/?/^/ Motions according to the C ' 

pernicl S\ Item ; the Longitude and Latitude of each Planet ; their Api- 

gjium and Fer''gaum\ and true Place in the Heavens; with feveral other 

plealant Cunofities. (14.) Atachina Eclipfium, another Modern Engine! 

lo contriv'd that by turning it Round, one may fee both the Tear, and 

Day, and Quantity, of a Solar or Lunar EcUpfe for any time defir'd either] 

part or to tome. Both thcfe curious Engines wereprojcfted and com- 

pleated by theirefeat I'rotelTor of Mathematicks at Copenhagen the In- 

gemom Olaus Rcnsr, (15.) Afachina In^ens Coj-ernicanay a lively Re- 

prefentation of the Cofernick Syflcm, beinga pretty Mechanical Enginei 

mov'd l-y Clock-work, which having the Sun immoveable in the Ccn. 

tre, Hiows the true Motion of the Earth both Diurnal and ArnualJ 

asalfothe Moon's Motion about the Earth in 29 Days and 12 Hours, 

with her various Pbafes, and the refpeftive Motion of each of theo- 

ther Planet?. (f6.) h'mny Frifms, AUcrofcopes^ Barometers^ and BurniniA 

Glaffes, particularly one of a prodigious Bignefs, being 32 Inches Dia. 

meter. (17.) A curious Cylinder of well poliflVd Metal, by which 

fome Colours on a Table that appear monftroufly confus'd to the naked | 

Eye, do clearly rcprefcnt the true Elfigiesof Frederick I, of Denmarh^ 

with his Q^Lieen Sophi.ina Ainalia, fiS.) Various forts of Arms andl 

Habits of a great many Nations ^ with a curious Colleftion of Pidurcs 

done by fome of the bed Maftcrs. (19.) Some Indiamnd. Egypfun 

Idols of Wood, Stone and Ivory ^ with a few of Porcelline Earth, and 

one of F>;als from Egypt m form of a Hog. (zo.) Some Pages of 

writing oil I'alni free Leaves from the Coaft of Malabar, being done 

by the Natives of that Country, with an Iron Stile. Laflly, In thii 

MHjdtum is a great number ot Medals both Modern and Ancient. Tliel 

Modern arc all £)4M///;, beginning with ChriflianX, and defccnding to| 

the prefv lit Times. The Ancient are all Roman (except $ Greek) Ar^i 

thofe cither of Gold, Silver or Brafs Of (jold are fome ol j, f .f/>,. 

JiHguJlns^ Tiberius, Caligula^ Nero, l^efpajian, Domitian, Nerva, Tra]M\ 

Adrian, Antoninus FiusySeptimiusS-'verusy^inA fome others. Of.S7/wrl 

aredivtrsof t!ie foregoingEmperouis, and thofe that folIow,viz. O'.i/iuJ 

Otht, Vitdliui, TitUi I'ejpajian, Antonius yhihjophus , Anrelins I'ou^X 

Akreli'^i Commodus, L, Scptimius Sevcrus,'A\\& nioll of the followiii^l 

Emperourhdovvn to M. AureliusViilorinny Of Brafs are Medals of j! 

the Emi^cioursabnvi; uicntioned and feveral others bcfidcs, 

[part If. Scafidinavla. 75 

3[rcl)btCl:op?icl\0. 1 h^ioi Archbijhprkls in en's Kingdom, thcre'i 
D3h one:, vi^' that of 


:i5ifl)0p;ticUff. ] Bijlj'^pric.l'S in this Kingdom, are rhofe of 

Slefwkk^ ArhyfeiiyAlburg^ Ripcn^ Wibiirg, 

Clnlbcrfittcff- ] Vnivcrfittes in this Kingdom, are thofe of 

CopenhA^en, Kiel. 

fanners. ] Tlie Danes ( a very warlike People of old, having 
ionltramcd many of the Northern Nations to fubmit to the force of 
[their Arms at foine time or other) are now aimoflof rhe fame Temper 
Ivirh their Neighbours the Swedes dnd Ge>mans'^ but that they are gene- 
iTJlIy efteem'd a I'eople more given to Pride and Cunning, than either 
[of the former. So cxtrav.igantly vain are they of their own performan- 
Ices, and fo much addii^ed of late to fulfome Flattery of their IV in- 
Ices, that upon almofl every undertaking of their King and Country do 
Ithey u(e to (Irike Medals \ and fuch as exprefs the Adion done in a 
jTioft Hyperbolical, manner, tho' fometimes tlie Matter in it feif is of To 
fmalllmportance, that no Nation of fwn^e, (but the DanifJi) would 
brdly deem it worthy of a place in their Weekly Ga^etU'^ mucii lefs 
[he Honour of the Medal. T\\t Danes are indeed Induftrious and frugal 
tnoiigh, bur the Trade of their Country is at prcfent very Low, Mer- 
Jchandizing being much difcouraged by the Severity of the Civil Go- 
Ivernmcnt. They are alfo confiderable Lovers of Learning, butgene- 
Irally greater Lovers of Excefs, whether in Drinking or Eating, efpe- 
Icially the former ^ and that ever fincethc Juice of the Grape was re- 
Icommendcd to them by the High-Germans^ v</hom they now equal (if 
Inoc exceed ) in a!I manner of Caroufing. 

Hanguasc "I The Modern Language of Denmark^ is originally a 
JD':jle''t ot the Teutonic, The Court, Gentry, and Chief Burghers, com- 
(monly ufe the High German in ordinarv Difcourfe, and ftench when 
Ithey talk with Strangers. How the D^m/?j Tongue differs from the 
hiih-German^ ana the Modern Language in Srvcdetand will befl appear 
Itrom their Fater A'o//er, which runs thus, lUder vor dujom ejl him^r.elen-^ 
mligt vorde dit naffn tilkomme dit nge^ vorde din vilie faa paa forden^ 
\mhitnder i himme'en. Gift oJt^ i dagh vort daglige brod \ oc forlad oJ't^ 
m slyld^ font wi forladi vore skyldener j ock Iced ojx, ichdi jrijlelfe : 
\Men frets ojx^ fra ont. Amen. 

G dPoVcrni 



'4 ^w^ 

'i r' 



Part ll part I 


<lB'OtJCrnment- ] This Kingdom was formerly Eleftivc { although th{, 
ufually advanc'd the next Heir to the Crown until the Year 135- 
that Frederick the I! Id. having bravely rcpuls'd the Swede i^ befiegiil 
the Capital City, Copenhagen, it was then rendrcd Hereditary to his Fa 
mily. "1 he Nobilicy here had hitherto a confideiable Stroke until theff 
our own Days, that this Kingdom is lo (Irangely Frenchifyd in Point 01 
Government, that the DaniJJ) and French Monarchies are now alnioli 
of the fame Mould. The King aflumes to hinifclt the Power of df, 
pofing of all Heirs and Hcirefies, ot any Note, as 'tis praftis'd in Franc?.] 
The Daniji) Law is liighly to be priz'd in that it's Ihort and perfpicuou; 
furpalfing the like of all other Nations in that refpcft. It's whollv 
|j,l founded upon Equity, and Compriz'd in one Qjiarto Volume in the 
Dan'ifJj Tongue, and that 16 plain, that any Man may underftand and 
plead his own Caufe without the Aid of either Counfel or Attorney , 
and no Suit is to hang in Sufpenfe beyond one Year and a Month. 
This is indeed a mighty Advantage, and a fmgular Property of the 
Vanifl) Law upon one hand, but the fume is attended with a vafUn 
convenience on the other ^ for the firrt and prmcipal Article thereof 
runs thus, That ^ke King huth the Privilege refeyv'd to h'lmfelf ton 
plahj nay^ to altev and change the fame as he fliaU think good. Chit 
Courts for Adminiftration of Juftice, both in Civil and Criminal Affairs 
arc four, t/;^. Byjought's^ Heredsfought's^ Lanftag, and High- Right. Tl: 
firfl is peculiar for dec ding Matters wliic:h happen in Cities and Towns 
The fee nd for thole of the Country. Thethrd is the High-Court ot 
the Prov"nce, to which appeals are made from the tv o former. And 
the fourth ib the Supream of ull the red, held commonly at C"o/)e/j/;.t^efi 
and condffin'^; of the Princ"pal Nobility, in which Curt the Kirg him- 
felf fomeiinies fits in Perfon. Ecfides rhefe, rlcrc is the Court of Ad- 
n)iralty for Maritime Affairs-, asalfo a Ucnc-Chamber (refembling our 
Court ol Exchequer ) for managing all Mactcrs relating to the Publick 

^rmcr. ] The King oi Denmark bears Party of three, and Covp:ot 
two wlii(h makes twelve Quarters. In the firft Or, Scm. of Hearts 
Oule , three Lions ValVant guardant /1^«>e, crovvn'd, Langucd and 
Arni'd of the hrff, for Djn'naik. 2. Giifes, a Lion Rampant Of, 
Crown'd and Armd of the (irl\, in his Paws a Battel- Ax Argent, hiked 
of the fecond. for Norway. 3. Gules, a L'on PafTant-guard.tnt C)\ 
on Nine Hearts of the fame in Fcffe, for G^itbi-:i^rd. 4. Gules, a Dragon 
Crovvn'd Or, for Schoncn, 5. A^ire, three Crowns Or, for Swe-ia 
6. Gules, a Pafchal Limb, Argent, fupportinga Hjgof the fame, m.nk'd 
with a Crofs Gules, tor JmtLtn.i. 7. Or, two Lions Palfant-guardint, 
Av'-^c, tot Slefwick' 8. Gules, 2 Fi(h crown'd Argent, for Icelml 
Ov?r thcfc ci^ht C^uarters, a great Crofs Ardent, ( which is the ancient 


part If. Scandiftatia, 75 

Deviie of the Kingdom) on the Centre of which are plac'd the Arms 
ot Dithmarch^ viz. Gules, a CavaHcr Arm'd Argent. 9. Gulesj a Ncitlc- 
ieif open, and charg'd in the middle with a little Efcutcheon, the 
whole Argent for f/olllein. 10. Gufes^ a Cygnet Argent^ gorgd with 
i Crown 6>/-, for Storm ar/fj. ir. Gnl<;SyZ\^o b'ei{es Or^io^ Pelmenljorjl, 
\i. Gules, a Crols Pattree-fitchrec Argent, for OUenburgh. The Shield 
lurrounded with the Collar of the Order ot the Elephant. The Creft 
IS a Crown Or, Hower'd, rais'd with eight Diadems, terminating in a 
Mond of the fame. For the Motto are thefe words, Fietas fy J'^fii' 
tU coronant, 

IRcIigion.] The Errors and Praftices of the Roman Church being 
grown at length fo intolerable, tnat an Univerfal Reformation became 
expedient, this Kingdom, among the other Northern Crowns, threw 
off that infupportable Yoke, and cordially embrac'd the Doftrine of 
Luther, which being allow'd ot by Frederick the Firit, about the mid- 
dle of the laft Century, was fo firmly and univerfally eftablifh'd in Deit' 
innrk^ that in all the Damfl) Dominions there is no other Religion buc 
Meranifm profels'd, except fome French Refugees, who are aliow'd a 
Church at Copenhagen; and a few Popilh Families, who were lately 
permitted to perform their Worfhip in a Chappel at Giuck(}at, The 
Dmfl) Clergy do ftiil retain the Practice of Confejjim, which all Perfons 
are oblig'd unto before they participate of the Bleflcd Sacrament of 
the Lord's Supper ^ they li^ewife retain Crucifixes, and feveral Cere- 
monies of the Rofnan Church. Chriftianity was fully Eflablifh'd in this 
Country about the middle of the XII. Century, and that by the means 
of Pope Adrian the IV. (an Engli flyman ) who before his AflUmption 
ot the Popedom, was term'd Nicbolaus Breakfpear, 

§. 5. TSJORWAT. 

fiamc. "VT^>'w<y/ (formerly A^'or'ue^u, apart of ancient 5cWm4vw, 
L\l and now bounded on the Eaft by Sweden ; on the Wcft| 
North, and South by part of the main Ocean ) is cerm'd by the Ita* 
I'hms, Neruegia ; by the Spaniards, Noruega ; by the french, Norwege ; 
by the Germans, Norwegen; and by the Englijfj^ Norway, fo call'd fron* 
its Northern Situation ( Nort being for North, and Weg, Way, ) feeing 
ic is the way to and from the North in refpeft of the reft ot Europe^ 

Mix. ] The Air of this Country is fo extreamly Cold, efpecially to- 
wards the North- parts of the Kingdom, that 'tis buc thinly inhabited, 
and that by the meanef^ of People. The oppofite Place of the Globe 
to Norway, is part of the Pacifick Ocean between 200 and 250 Degrees 
i of Longitude, with do and 70 Degrees of South Latitude. 

G 2 ^oil.] 

t ' 'r 


: .#(1 

• • i»V'i' 

;l1tf ) 



Part II, I Part 

,^o«. ] By rcafon of the exceniye Coldnefs of the Country (\z 
Tl'"^ in the nth, i2ch, and 15th North Climate) the Soil is very bar- 
not having force enough to produce the very neccfiaries ot Life 
common Peop.e being forc'd to ufe dry Filh inftead of Eread! 


In ft)^rr, this Country is over-lpread either with vad Forefts, barren 
Wounraiiis. or formidable Recks, fn the Northmofl-parts of it, the 
IV ii above two Months, the Sun not fetting for that time; 

^, and the Nights pro- 

lon^tjt Da^ 

the fhorteft m the Southmofl about fix Hours 

CommotJitiejff. ] The Chief Cotnmoditks of this Country, are Stock- 
tiin, Rich Furs, Train-OiJ, Fitch, Marts, Cables, Deil-boards, and the 
iiKc, which rhc Inhabitants exchange for Corn, Wine, Fruits, Beer, 
ind other ncceffaries of Life. 

Ifiarities ] Near to Drontheim is a remarkable Lake, whofe Waters 
never freeze even in the dead of Winter, nocwichffanding the excef. 
live Cold at that Seafon. (2.) Upon the Coaft of Norxvay, near the 
\}^,9[^^^^"^'^ in fhe Latitude of 68, is that reinarkable and dangerous 

'ooniy and by Navigators the Navd 
in all probability, occafioned by 

_ . _, , and proves fatal to Ships thatap- 

proach too nigh, providing it be in the time of FI00.1 : For then the 
Sea, upwards of two Leagues round, makes fuch a terrible Vortex^ that 
the t'orce and Indraught of the Water, together w'rh the Noife and 
Tumbling of the Waves upon one another, is rather to be admir'd 
than cxprefK But, as in the time of Flood, the Water is drawn in 
with a mighty Force •, fo during the Tide of Ebb does it throw out 
the Sea, with fuch a Violence, that theheaviefl Bodies then caftinto 
It can't imk, but are toffed back again by the impetuous Stream which 
fuftr^rh out with inci edible Force. And during that time is abundance 
pf Fuhcs ought by Fifhermen who watch the opportunity ^ for being 
iorc'd up to the Surface of the Warer, they can't well dive again, io 
violent is the rifmg Current. (3.) In feveral parts of Nsrway were 
difcovered fome Years ago, divers Silver Mines, particularly two, 
whereof one was term'd Benedick Divinity {vw\g\x\y SegenGottes) and 
the other Bandi Spef, but both of 'em were quickly exhaufled ^ however 
in the f ,rmer of thefc An, 1650. was found a Mafs of Silver, valued at 
Thr-i'e Thoufand Two Hundred and Seventy Two Imperial Dollars. 
And in the other was taken out a Mafs qf Silver, valued ac Five 
Thoufand fuch Dollars. Both which Maffes and fome others of pure 
Sil^'cr frpm thefe Norveg'^an Mines, are now to be (ccn in the Mufjiuni 
'^p^hm a? Copfnh.igen, ' ' . 

Part II. Scandinavia, 77 

?l[;rcbbtfl)Op^(Cl$S(. ] Archbi(J)oprkks in this Kingdom, only one, v/X* 

that ot 


StiI)Opzicb0 3 Bifl^oprkks in this Kingdom, are thofe of 

An/Ioi Bergen^ Staffanger, 

^|n(\)CtritiC0. ] VwverfitJer in this Kingdom. None. 

£^nnnerflf'] The AVve^/<«nx ( being notorious Pyrares of old, be- 
came very formidable to leveral of the Norchern Nations ) are now 
lookc upon as a very mean, fimple, and ignorant fore of People j a 
People however that's very hardy, much given to foiling and Labour, 
very juft in their Dealings, and abundantly Civil (after their own 
Manner) to the few Strangers who come among them. In the North- 
mod Parts of the Kingdom they have no Towns, but generally Iwc in 
Tent?, and ttavel in great Companies from one place to another in 

llanfittagC. ] The Language now fpoken in this Country, ( efpeci- 
ally in all the civilized Parts thereof ) is little different from that us' d 
in the Kingdom of Denmark^ a Specimen of which is already given 
in the foregoing Paragraph. 

d^otjernment. ] This Kingdom was formerly a diflinft Body by it 
ftif, and independent of any other, but ( being incorporated with 
Dcn/nar^j Anno 1387. ) is now fubjeft to his Dan /J) Majefty, who, be- 
fides particular Governours in places of grearefl (mportance, doth ordi* 
narily keep a Vice Roy there for the better managing of the whole j 
his Place of Refidence is commonly at Bergen^ and his Power is extra* 
ordinary great. 

3frmaf.] See Denmark, 

IReKgfon. 1 The eftablini'd Religion in Norway, is the fame as !n 
dmnarJ^y only that in the Northmofl P.irrs of the Kingdom, the know- 
ledge of Chriftianity (which was at firft planted in this Country much 
about the fame time with the two other Northern Crowns ) is fo dc'* 
cay'd, that on the BorJcrs of Lapland they ditfer but little from meer 

G 3 


■i. 'I ... 

t -1 , •, 


': . 1 




" m 

( ' I 


I — 

Pa^e yy. 


^^^z*' f^ V/^"^"'^" '^^- 

: 4 ^J.^O..^ ^^A-K ^^^^H-Oril 1« ,^ 



^ - ■^ ZtiiiojUi'i 



<V"t i>u 







Pa^e yy. 

t (bet 

Trhes — 
Dw'ma — 
Condora. » 

Siberia * 
03iorrf — 
Vologda ' 


Kifi Novoi 

Mofcow - 

Novngrod , 
yieskorv - 

S:veria - 

Part ir. 


SECT. ir. 

Concerning ^ofcOUia. 

a. m. 


I ^becween ^,4^ °°^of Long || ^^"8'^ is about 1630. 
(. 71 00^°^ ^"* J 5 (.Breadth is about 1500. 



Divided into(^o"n Chief Town J !^^'''V^v'^Jr• '^''^''- 
^Soutli J ^ Mofcowy Capital City. 

More particularly. 
North contains many Provinces, but chiefly thefc of 



Kargapol'ia I f, Kargdpol 






_ ; S ! S.. Michael, Arch- Angel I ^ ^ 

— • i .il I Tohot — 7 
^ I Bere:(pn> — 3 

ld'"m, upon the Upper-part of the Dwlna. 

South containing many Provinces, but chiefly thefc of 

1^ ■ fV,;V 







MordowH^i -«— 
/C//? Novogrod- 
Vohdim'ir — 

Mofcow — ■" 

> '^<^"^^^\ffom E. to W. ajf. 

Novogrod iVeiiki-— 
yieskow — — 

Ssvejia — — , 

^i;: -< Idem 

.ii , Idem at the Mouth of the Volga* 


7 Between the I ake llmeht 
X and Peipus. 

l^Novogrod'Servaski S. W. of Mofcow, 

C 4 


r 'il 


Part II, I part 11 

M S C F I A. 



S^MM' \ yl<'^;(')i/\/ or /v //]//./ [containing much of S.mnatia Eumps,:^ 
L V j with p;!rc vi Su'matia Afuxtica^ and now bounded onl 
r]ic Eafl hy Tjrtuvy ^ on the Wei^ h^j Sweden^ on the North by thcvaf|| 
Northern Ocean, and on the South by Little Tartary^ Georgia, and 
tlic Cufpian >ca J is termed by the Italiansy Mofcovia ^ by the Spaniards 
M^jcovhi\ by the French^ A lofcwie or Ruffic HLinchc \ by the Germans, 
uMufcau., and by the E^glijh^ JVIofcoviu or A-hfcovy^ io cali'd from its I 
Cliiei Province of that Name, whole Denomination is deriv'd iron 
Mnfch'i or Moici^ an Ancient l^eople firil Inhabiting that Part of the 
Country. The Name of Ruffia is generally agreed upon to come fromj 
anotjier Ai:cient Teoplc of that Country, cali'd R'ffi or Kuffu 

3tr. 1 The A r o^ ths Country is very Cold, particularly towards! 
the N( rth, wiicre Snow and Ice are ufual for tiiree (Quarters of the 
Year^ but in the Southmod I'rovinces they have very fcorching Heats 
in the Summer lor the Spvicc of fix Weeks. Theoppofite Place of the 
Globe to M)jcnv\r^ is chat part of the vafl Pacifick Ocean, between 2:0 
and 2C0 Degrees of Longitude, with 45 and 71 Degrees of iiouth La- 

^Oil. ] The S:)il of this Country ( it lying in the 8, 0, 10, 1 1, i:, 
i'Tc. Nortiurn Cliniarcj is very ditTerenr, according to the difftrcnr 
Situation of us Tarts. Here arc many Plains, hut generally full ot 
MarlTics. Towaids the North arc vait Forefls •, ancl even wlicre the 
Ground is clear d of Wood 'tis ( for the moit paic ) very Birrcn, and 
to cNtrcamly Cold, that what chey fow doth leldom come to due Per- 
icCV.on. In the South well Parts towards FolanJ^ the Soil is tolerablv 
good, file Ground there producing fcveral forts ol Grain in Great a- ; and 'tis reported bv many, that their Corn is ready for 
rt aping abcjuc two Months after it is Ibwn. The longeft Day in thf 
NorrhnKfl Part of this Country is above two Months, The Sarmi 
letting lor that time when near the Summer SoKficc^ the fliortefl in the 
Scut'mioff is about 9 Hours ;, and the Nights proportionably. 

Commot)ltif£r. 3 The Chief Commodities of this Country, are fiirj, 
s.ibies, Martins, 'Wax, Honey, Tallow, Train-Oil, Cdvicrc, Hemp, 
k'ax, Slad, Iron, ^c. 

?fif rt tes. ] As one cf tl.c Chief Rarit'es of this Country, wc mav 
rcv^kon that llrangc Ibrr ot Afjon^ found in or near to Allrac^f^y Ca'An 
aiid Sitmarn. Sumc ot the Natives term it /iart:rtV/.,'( i.e. The littlt 


irt III part II. 



ndcd on 
' thcvaO] 
gi(t, and 

Irom its 
''d iron 
•c of the 
mc from 

rs of the 
ng Heats 
;c of the I 
ween 220 1 
outh La- 


full of 
ere the 
rcn, and 
due Per- 
Great a- 
cady for 
in the 
Su n not 
11 in the 

arc fiirj 
, Hemii 

itmb) other Zoophyton, which fignifies the Animal Plant. The firfl 
Title would fcem moft proper becaule in Figure it refcmbles a Lamb, 
and fuch is its vegetable Heat, that according to the vulgar manner of 
expreiTion) it Confumcs and Eats up all the Grafs, or other Herbs, 
within its reach. As the Fruit doth ripen, the Stalk decays^ and is 
covered with a Subflance exaftly the fame with Wool that's fhort and 
curling. A part of the Siiin of this remarkable Plant, [vulgarly rcckon'd 
a Plant, but difown'd by our Modern Botaniftsy'] is to be feen in the 
King of Denmark's Publick Rcpofitory of natural Rarities at Copenhagen- 
the infide of which Skin being Drefs'd, as Tanners ufuully do the Flefliy 
(ide of Lamb Skins without taking off the Wool, no Man can di- 
llinguifh between the Skin of the Boraretx,^ and that of an ordinary 
Lamb. Whereupon, it is that many of the Mofcovites ufe the Skin 
of this rare Vegetable, (if we may allow it to be fuch) inflead o£ 
Furs for Lining of their Vefls. As another remarkable thing of this 
Country, we may here add, that ftately Church in Mofcow, call'd Jeru- 
JAlem, which feem'd to John Bafilides I. (then CT^ar) fuch a ffatcly 
Pile of Building, that he ordered the Eyes of the Archireft to be put 
cut, that he might never contrive, at leaft, behold its fellow. 

Eccleflafiicks in Mofcovia are, One Patriarch, Four Metropolitans, 
Seven Archbilhops, and feveral Bifhops. 

The Patriarch is he of Mofcow, rcfiding in the fame City. 

f Novo^oradsl'i and Welikoluskoi, 
Metropolitans are J Koftoufska'i and Haroi^ausko'u 
thofc of J Cafaml'oi and Sunatsko'i, 

X^Sarskotaxidi Pondosku 


.Wolodoiko'tJin^ Weliko'Premskoi, ' 

Refamkoi and MornmskoK 
\Snsdalsko'i and Turroslo'i. 
Trvcnkni and Caffinsk)}. 
Sihirsioi and Tobolskoi. 
Allrachansloi and Tersloi, 
Flcshousloi and ^bdrsko'u 

Aichbif})opncl's are 
choi'e ot 

115(fl)opi(cUof. ] As* to thcexad Number and Names of Eifiiopricks 

iiithis Country ; the fame is but uncertain at befl. 

we niav| illnfljfrfiticflf.] Here we can hardly expert the Seats of the Mufcs 
t\tMn|^vhcic i\\G Lihcijl Arts and sciences have been fo long haniftlt, and the 

ic Zjrf/f|^uidying ol them inliibitcd by PubLck Authority. 





■ ^ ■'■! 










Part j! 

^^mif rfif-l The Mofcovites (Men of a vigorous and healthiul Cod- 
flitutiou) arc generally reckon'd a ide, deceitful and ignorant fort q( I 
I'coplc; and muchaddirtcd to cxccifive Drinking, as alfo unlawful and I 
bcallly I'Jcafurcs. And lb fond ot ignorance have they hitherto been, 
tliat 'tvvjs lookc upoH as ( almofl) a piacular Crime for any of theJ 
to jppiv hinilclt to a learth after Knowledge But things are now niigh. 
tiJy altered in this Point, and that by the Encouragement of his pre. 
lent tiJriih Majcfly, who gives leave to his NobiJity to acquire the Li- 
beral Arts and Scitnces, particularly the Mathematicks ; and toacqua ntl 
ihcnirdvcs with foreign Countries and Languages And that the 
Learned Languages {Greek awA Latin^ maybe no longer ftrangers in 
th'S Ccuntry, he iiath already erectccIPublick Schools in Mofcow lor the 
ttajching of tl.em. By whi^h means it is to be hop d that the Brutilli 
Temper and Stupidity of this People, may be much rctorm'd in fome 
time. And whereas the prelent Eanperour hath already villted fbmcoi 
the bcft Nations of £//)(5/)/', purpolely to improve himfelf in Warike 
Atfiir?, both by Sea and Land, (^cfpecially the former) and fi nee this 
Lindcrtjk'ng is lb ^uncommon, that the Mufcovitif}) Story can't .iff rd a 
Faiailel ; 'tis alfo to bchop'd, that the Effe^'ts thereof will be equally 
aflonifning, and that in humbhng (if not cruihing) hothTrks and 
Turt.irs, h:s dilturbing Neighbours, and profelled Enemies to thcCrofs 
ofChrilt. With fuch bii^ hopes as thefe were many thinking Men 
m Euroi'C tirmly poliefb'd for fomc years bygone: But the r;^^i>^'s late 
Attempt upon his Chrillian Neighbour the Swec^e^ and the Unchriliian 
Circumffanccs of that Attempt have very much dalh'd all hopes of| 
that Natiirc. 

lansuflSC. 1 The Lati^;,u,ife uid in this Country, is a Dialed of thfi 
»<'c/.a'on'»i/f, i^ut lo corrupted and blended with other Languages, that 
'tis hardiy undcrflood by thofe whofpcuk the pure ScLivmiiW, whichl 
nevcrthclcfs is Itill us\i by the/ljrfj[^.<wj in their Divine Service. The 
yatcr-mller (which I find only in a corrupt Diale!l of their Tongue) 
runs thus, Aif.atielihen ]')ki} oledh tainahijfa', Pyhetta olhn fiunn>;tkM 
lnta\ ftolk^bm fiintbAtofi /cwim taiiuihiJJ.iayn nia^t palla. Meiciben'i kipMl 
n\'n Ic'ipa .t/i/M mahdlen tanapuiwana^ j.i anna me'idem fynMa: Kwin moil 
ar.n^j'fhi meuicn \\tl]adhin ykko'illen-^ ja ala fata meita kin fauxen fnutti\ 
pUiiJt.i iiicitd p.tjjla, 

■ (Ciobcrnmtnt.l This great Body is under its own Prince, wliol 
afi'unieth th.e Title ot r^i^r, (which in the Rujjun Language fignities 
Emperor) \ct more ccmiiionly he's tcrm'd the Great Duke, He's an 
Hereilirary Monarch, and his Government truly Dcfpotical. The Lives 
and Fortunes ot his Subjects arc wholly at his difpofal •, and the 
greatcit Km'i or Lord within his Dominions, doch acknowledge 


lart n« Mofcovla, ^5 

jnifelf his Galop or s/41/?. As he is a Prince of uwcomroulabic Power, 

mKo he's poflcfs'd of vaftly extended Dominions, from whence (tho* 

iich oi 'em be very barren) he draws prodigious Revenues •, and thofe 

^ only that accrue from Publirk Taxes, but likewifc from his Mo- 

Dpoly of . "tables, and farming out of publick Jnns^ Taverns, and Ale- 

Uy, [he himfelf being firfw'er General'] which rifes to a very high 

[m, elp( cially in a Country where the »*eopIe is extreamly addifted 

I drinking. The C;^<tr not only exercifeth an uncontroulable Power 

verhis llavifh Subjerts, but alfo pretends to a kind of Omnifcience a^ 

Jong them, and hathfo fucceedcdinthis bold Pretence, that the main 

udyofthe People doth really believe that their Great Duke know- 

|h all things. To fupport which Opinion, The Mofcovitiflj Zm^crors 

)veindurtrioufly endeavour'd to keep their People in grofs Ignorance, 

tor that end have hitherto banifh'd out of their Dominions the 
[beral Arts and Sciences, and forbid the ftudying of them under the 
vcrcft I'enaltics. But the prcfent C^^tr by his proceedings (already 
Intcd at) would fcem toreftifie that grofs Abufe. He fuffers none of 
I Nobles to retire from Court without his fpccial Permiflion, and fcl- 
Ini, or never, to vifit Foreign Countries, till thefc our own Days: 

nor fo snuch as to talk with Foreigners at home. The Publick 
airs are chicHy maiiag'd by his Great Council, (call'd Dummy Boy av en) 
Infifiing of rhc IVincipal Noblemen of the Empire. Here alfo are 
Ivers other Co«/?c//j-, or vjuhc^ Chambers zndi Courts of Judicature, to 
licli bdong their rcfpcrtiveBufmefs, and each of thefe hath its pc- 
prrrcfident^ they're in number Six, whercot the firft is appointed 

AniI)aliadors and Foreign Negotiations. The fccond for managing 

Military Atfjirs. The third for the Publick Revenues of the Em- 

re, The fourth for en' ouraging of Trade and merchandizing. And 

itwoochers for hearing and determining of all Caufes, both Civil 

iCriminal. One Laudable Cuflom obtains \n Mofcoviay (and per- 

Js the only one that's worthy of Imitation in other Countries) which 

J That the Mofcovit'i/J) Emperors feldom, or never, make Foreign 

Itches ; but ufc to chufc for thcmfclves a Confort from among the 

yghrcrs of their own Nobility. 

Irms.] The Arms of M)fcovta arc. Or an Eagle difplay'd Sdhle^ 
m\\\ on it:s Brcait a S!iie!d Gules^ charg'd with a Cavalier Agent 
'tnij^ a Dnigon •, on and between the Heads of the Eagle are three 
^»vns for Mofcovy^ C.izaiu and A/iracan. According to others, the 
IS arc 6\tb!cy a Portal open ot two leaves, and as many degrees, O". 

pclicifon. 1 The M[fcov}tcs boaft that they profefs Chriftianity, 
plingcothc Docirine of the Grec/- Church in its Ancient purity, 
indeed rhcvh v niixt with the fame, a great many ridiculous Cc- 
Niesand foolilli iupeiflicions ol their own. They render Divine 


1 »"! 




V (' ■ <' 



1' , 


■1 .- a 




'I it ■ 1 


■»" I 



Part I 

Wor/hip to the Virgin Mary^ and other Saints^ as alfo to Crofles, ao 
never commence any thing of Moment unlels they firft fign themfchfl 
with the Sign of the Crofs. In Baptifm they ufe Exorcifm, ands 
ways Confeffion to the Priefl before they receive the Sacrament of tii 
Lord's (upper. All above feven Years of Age receive that Sacramcrt 
\n both kinds, and they give it in one kind to Children under tJ 
Age. They ufually adrainifter the fame (as alfo extreme Un rJ 
to perfons part all hopes of Recovery j but they neither adore A 
Sacrament, not believe the Arange Dodlrinc o\ TranfubftantiatioJ 
They obferve fifteen great Feftivals, befides a great many Days decj 
cated to particular Saints. Sermons they never ufe, but only real 
fome Portions of Holy Scripture, with St. Bafil*% Liturgy, and divej 
Homilies of Sz Chryfojiome. The Chriflian Faith was firft planted ij 
this Country towards the latter Part of the Tenth Century, andtli( 
by the Preaching of fome Greeks^ fent thither, by the then Patmi 

I I Im 



' w.i 


'K ■'■• 

I ,\- ■' 


|;':iiiJ i 

If ^ 






:3ffl iia— .. .. iiB ' jR 

[iiii m i 


T '7^- 








'J. Catdff 




irt If. 


fcrr^ comprc 
lends the Go 
Kinmencs of 

lends theG( 
rernmencs ol 

.(//i compr^ 
bends the G< 
Nrnmcnts oj 

[vided into 

irt ir. 



Concerning f tatlCC* 

d. m. 


Length is about $39 
Breadth is about 450 

^ North. 
Being divided into Three Clafies, vix,. > Middle. 

J South. 

trtk comprc- 
hinmencs of 

lends theGo- 
Jernmencs of 

\nth compre- 
hends the Go. 
rernmcnts of 

Pkardy ' 


The Ifle of France 

'^Am'tens^ Northwards. 

Paris — J»from W. to E, 
Tmye j 

\0rleamis . 
Lionois — - 


rGuienne & Gajcony 

) Languedx 

^ Dauphine ■ 
y^Frovence ,^ — j 

Rennes — 
Orleans — 


I' Tholoufe 
^Aix ^, J- 


Of all thefe in Order. 

ff. t.PlCARDr. 

l^Lomr, towards the Wcft-j \Abbeville, 







Part II 







But more partjcularly. 

Ticrafche . 

Higher conmn^^^ S antene •^. 
,Amieno}s — 

Pais Ketonquit 
Lovper contains ^/jr^^j , 

\Bon'ognois ' — 

■ £ ■ 

'Curfc- -. 

S. i^itisnfin — 

Perome . 

Amiens — — ^ 

.E. CO W, 

CaLiis — 
Idem - 

Boulogne * 

.N. to S. 

To Pkardy wc fubjoin the Archbilhoprick of Cambray, lying Nol 
Peronne. Chief Town Cambray. 

^. 2.N0RMANDT. ^,,,^,,„^^ 

) Roven 
Higher contains S Qjj-gy^ . 

Lower comains< Cacn 

More particularly, 
fPais dux -^ "> cCaudebeck ^ 


Idem — J>N. to S.E. 
Idem . — J 
Idem, S. of Roven. 


[Lmr cont 

^Idem, S. E. of Caeiu 

§. 2. IJleofFKKN C E. 

fvided into J 




More particularly, 


PontOyfe — 

•IS — Jl 

to W. 


to E. 

fLaom'is r 

I Soijfono'is 

J Beauvo'Jes 

rS':rth the Seine i Vexin Francois 
contains J I), of Vabis 
I Jfle of France •- 

^mth the Seine J Murepoix . i j^eiin — -> 

contains IGaflemis — [ ^^fontargis-^}^'^^^^ 

§. 4. CHAMP AIO NE. 

'^^' ^"-}^C;l;:^fc}chief Town{j;^- 

More particularly, 

, Paris — - — 7 ,,, ^ 


n'lihcrcoTitimi) ^\ of I<^heims 


^ ^. . ^, . - ^^^''^^ — >N. to S. W. 

^ /^/^6 Champaigne . ^ [ S. D/\/>>' — J 

Lchallonois -j^jS ^ Chalon on the River J/^rre. 


\Lwer contains*? Low Ch.impaigne 

-;- Troyes 

es ^ J 

to E. 


vided incol^'^*^*'' Eaftvvard > f ;lMn^^ 

viaea mcoj.^^^^^^ Weft ward ^ f ^^^^^ Towns <^q^^j^^ 


V- 1 

) ' 










Part II J Part II, 

More particularly, 


^Higher comams/ S. /yfah 
the Tenko\ Brieux . 
ries of ( Rennes 



Sr. Pol de Leori' 



ridem "> 

Idem ^E. to W. 

Idem J 

Idem 7 . , 

Idem t^-'"^- 

Lower contains ^Comoaile . 

Vaimes — 


— Ivv. 


> W. to E. 

Hiiher^ [ 
tiie To 

\Uwery [\ 
I i tains i\\ 

S. 6.0RLEAN0IS. 

rXorth^ "^ Char tret 

Divided inco<J upon SThe River lo/r, chief Town ^Orleans. 


jPoiaiers. ftvided into- 

f North contains ) Perche 


More particularly, 




• c 

J the Loire, ^«-*'M- 

•>- Iw. 

to E, 



Vendofme S. of f crc^'t' 

End comp 

/<«^er — 

o , Tours- 



^ B/o/. 

C i4«w// 

Or'eans — \ 

Never s - 

W. to I, I W comp 


South contains^ ^"^r''"' 


i 9- G 


lOchelfe — _ 


Pwr,A,.A ;r.^/^7 ff'gher. Northward 7 ^, r ._ rP/; w. 
ividcd mtoj.^,^^^; southward 1^'"^^ ^^^^nlBir^V « Br^^ 


rt III Part II. 


More particularly* 


. toE. 

pro- J Dijon 

Higher, [viz. Burgoigne 
pcrly To caird] contains *< Chdhn 
the Towns of . 1 Mafcon — 

I Autun — 

lower., [viz. la Brejfe'j con- CBourgeen Brejfe 

tainS) the Towns ot < Belly < 



._ Iw. to S, 


N. toS. 




§. 8. L 10 NO IS. 

divided into<|^^^^^ ^- 


Chief Town 



I. to L 

£<t/? comprc- ) called] 1 
Vmk ■ ^^"^* / Beaujolois J 

More particularly, 
/ I/ono/V properly fo '^ r L/onj-- 


' is. to N. 

r jQ p;^ I W^f/? compre- J '*^^'^^"^ ^ lower 
hends j Bourbonmh — — ~ 



Feun - 


Clermont 7 
S. F/owr 5 

Bourbon (or) Mou: ins J 25 
•(^ G.^erg^ .Weft ward* 

" f ft 
Mouitns J 25 

. to EJ 


MfGuknne T Northward] ^H ^Bourdeuix. 

|:oto ^G^/cofj.'tf J Southward] 3 j ^.4/rf,viz. the chief ofGafcoigni^ 

properly fo called. 






tl I 

I y 




I I 

More particularly, 

IV Gu 'enne f proper-"^ 
j ly fo called >-^ 
fGuieme In 8 r^ South ^BaT^adois- 
Provinces, j jAgenois 
j (^ Rover gue 

j ^Staintoigne 

j J Perigort — 

^4 North f Umofin'X 

fmnh the 

Les Landes^ 
^Albert ^— 

\ArmagnAc - 

Bourdeaux . 


Rhodes . 


PerigHettx — 
Limoges - — 
Cabors . — 


, Idem 


Gafcoigne in- | r Labour — 

*C to 3 pares. <^ Upon the ^ Gafcoigne prop, 

Adoui ) EJtarac 

South the 

(^Comminges •»- 

I.ojj'er Navarre 
iC, of 5o«/c 

\Bigorre - 
Conferiint — -. 

H "^ Condom - 
Verdun - 

Ay re 

Myrande ^ S-iJeu 


S. r<i/4/j — ^ ta 
MauUcons — /^ 


(^S. Bertrand' 



tecr conr: 

[enl Towni 

r'licf of vvhil 

^'^er cental 
h'TJl Town 
cliiefof whif 




More particularly. 


■fj'i^her contains the Ter- ) Tholoufe — 
ricories of «i Alby 

S. Papoul — J g 

Idem \ 
fdem 42 m. 

N. E 

S. to N. on 

the Garonne 

! >34 

Idem 55 m. CCI-^ 

S. E. 

I^'^"^>w. to £. 




■s Narbonne • ._ 
/'Territories /Be:(iers — | § 
\ of r MotitpeHer 

1 Lnver con- ) J Nif/nes 

tains the "S Country of^Givakdan — 

/ Sevcnne} di- yelay Le Puy 1 ^^ ^^ g^ 

V. vided mtoj ^ivare^ — j '^J'lviers J 


\ I. „» '^Higher, towards the Eafl "> ^, . , - ") Grenoble. 

^'-■^'^ "*• rioter, towards the Weft }<^'"«* TownJ., 

More particularly, 

f Grenob'e upon the //ere 

|//;^l)fr contains fe- \Gap 

leral Towns , the ^Ertibmn 


pcf of which arc /BrUncon or Briarfm 

V. PigncYoly S. E. of Brianfon 


unto or upon 
he Durance, 

f'-'C \!'alence W to S. 

i' ' N ^' Paul de Triciden — .- J 

wer contains fe- .^^ J-^/Vme 

Ivctal Towns, f'"*: 
■r/j5lo!"lchiefof which; 
.^'^"f^ ^ ?>;?, S. E. of f'^i/mf. 

11 ' *"< !! 

H ^ 

i f2. PRO 




Part II, I Part I 

I > 

;' •'. 

§• 12. PROVENCE. 

. . fH'gher^ Northward 

Divided into^ Middle part 

l,Z.ower, Southward —J 

More particularly, 
f Orange — 

*) CS'iflerim, 

>Chief Town^ Aix 


^Higher, whofc chief Vj'^'"'''" 
Towns are K'y^ r- 


Csijieron — 

W. to E. on the 
North of D«- 
rance River. 

Middle psLTty whofcJA/x — 
chief Towns arc \Rier ^ 


I Toulon — 

jLow^r, whofe chief J ^''^''7 "" 
Towns are 1^^'^"^^ - 

I l^ence — 

,W.toE. oniheS. 
of the Dnrancc' 

I W. to E. nigh unt^ 
>► or upon the 5(^ 
i Coaft. 




Aifo thoi 

Divided into 

After thefe Twelve Governments we may here fuj;^^/;^;. j^^ 
join two other Countries adjacent to the Ea 
part of France. 


»^• 'J J ... r^^J'^t?"? properly fo called— -7 ^..fT^^^rA'rfMty. 

MiMe, its 
^wer, its 

rt 11, 1 Part 11. 



More particularly. 

Uxmi properly fo called 

D. of5<«K ■ — 

Principality of Pha/tTibourge 

■) Toule ^^ 
' TheTerritor.of We/ "> 

Clermont -• 
.Bitch . 


Salme . 


"i f Nanc} towards the Middle, 
Bar le Due, Weftward. 

Idem, Eaftvvard. 


o , Idcm^ 
L i^ J Idem") 
r-H ^ Idemj' 

_ Is. to N, 

Idem, I $ Miles W. of Verdun. 

Idem— ,"\ 

Idem— / N, to S. upon the E. 

Idem-, r part of Loraine. 
, Idem — J 
Udem, 1 8 Miles S. E. of Tw/. 


^ . J . ^^'^^f^ Northward—") C Montbel'iart. 

Divided into<J Middle pan ^Chie£Town<{ Befanfon. 

iLower^ Southward ^ J {^Salins, 

More particularly, 

ere kmffi^her, its chief Towns are ^5'"^^^'^''* 


to W. 

MUdle, its chief Towns are ^ ^^-/J*"^"" <^r Bc/^n/bn 7 E. to W. upoB 

CUude'ZirZ^ }n. to S. 

iwer, its chief Towns arc-{|''f!7^ 





- «!<• 

\H 4 




Part II. I Part If, 

jRame.] X^Rance [formerly G({Uia. from its ancient Inhabicanrs the 
J Gals^ othervvj-ys the Celr£: and now bounded fn the 
Eaft, by Germany^ on the Weft, by the Bay of Bifcay, on the North, 
by the £-^///Z) Channel and Flanders-^ on the South, by Spain., and 
part of the jyfiditerrant'anSta~] is termd by the Italians und Sp.ini- 
ards^ Franchia-^ by its Narive^, la F ance ^ by the Germans F>ankre ch\ 
and by the Englij})^ France :, (o caJIed (as mofl Authors agree) from 
the Franks^ a German Nation, inhabiting that Part of Germany ftill call'd 
FrancQnia\ who invad ng Gaul^ and by Degrees fubduing a great Par: 
of it, gave it a New Name from its New Mafters, who (in the Opini. 
on of fome Judicious Writers) I'ad theirs from certain Fanchifa 
granted them by the Roman Emperors beyond what the Neighbour. 
ing Nations enjoyed -, or (according to others) from the GermM 
word, Fraen ^nd Anfetij the iorrher fignifyiHg Fi^e?, and the other an 

MiV''] The Air of this Country is very Temperate, Plcafant, and 
Healthful, being in a good Medium between the great Excefs of 
Heat and Cold, which ordinarily attends tlofe Countries of a more 
Northern and Southern Situation^ yet fo healthful is it, that this 
Kingd ^m is generally obfcrv'd to be lels fubjcit to Plagues and Sick 
nefs, than molt other Nations ofEuropey and the Air about M^"^pt'/'t's| 
in particular, is Univerfaliy cftecm'd Medicinal for Conlumption!. 
The oppofue Place of the Globe to France, is that part ofthevaflj 
Pacifick Otean, between 190 and 207 Degrees of Longitude, vvidi 
42 and 51 Degrees of South Latitude. 

feotl] The Soil of this Country (it lying in the 6, 7, and 5j 
North Climate) is extraordinary fruitful, particularly in Coml 
Wine , Fruits , Hemp, fyc. TiiC Fields being here both large 
lod open, are generally inccrmingrd with Vines and Corn ^ asalfd 
bordered and interlin'd with variety of Fruits : Here are many vjl 
Forefts, and thefe well (lor'd with moll forts of wild Bcalls fit loj 
Hunting, fcveral Mountains, and thefe covered over with nunicl 
rous Flocks, and fome of them lin'd with rich and valuable Mines 
here alio arc divers excellent Pits of Coals, and Quarries of StoiK 
The longefl Day in the Northmoft Part of this Country, is aboii 
1 5 Hours -{. The ftiorccft in the Southmoft, is 9 Hours \, and tli| 
Nights proportionably. 

CommotlitleB.j The Chief ro;«wjiV?V/>j of this Country, are5a| 
Fifh, Corn, Wine, Almonds, Coral, Canvas, Oade, Linen, Vm 
Wood, Skins, Alamodes, Luflring, and rich flowcr'd Silkf, Vcr(iigr| 
Crcmor Tartaris, (^c, 

' ■••''' letfltitlfol 


ioii'ic rema 
in til at G 
w<. (i.) 1 
a yet ent 
figures an 
jrc alfo thi 
S>tmtes in 
ereftcd by 
nin'd over 
iiis of a R 
tivelve Mil 
above anotl; 
krs-^ as tl 
at perigneux 
n Aries in 
all is thaf a 
ivith Icvcra 
KrrMlns and 
Heathen Tcr 
the Jcnetoye] 
Ferif^ueux in 
(j.) The Ru 
^urgUH./y; tl 
tliole at Tho. 
kliofe Ancic 
|inorc efpecid 
I'jles in Pro 
Itwo Foot hi^ 
ptone. Amc 
|riic large P 
llfagiies froi 
of Work 
puring it fo 
may add th 
the Rime 
m weighing 
[virh Scipio Aj 
icers attend 
lihe fame be 
(loring a bc;i 
^poii.s'd her 
Thefe bei 
i^^'jle in this 


Part II. 




are Sa 



I5arit<e0 ] Among the cliief Rarities of France^ we may reckon 
foflic remarkable remains of the Roman Antiquities as ycc to be leen 
in [hat Country. And they arc reducible to thefe following Heads, 
;;/^. (i.) Triumphal Arches^ particalarly ^A<j/^ in the City of Rheims, 
as yet entire, compos'd of three Arches, and adorn'd with many 
Figures and Trophies, but uncertain for whom erefted : There 
jre alfo the Ruins of feveral others near Autun in Burgundy •, one ac 
Si'mtes in Guienne-, another almoft entire at the City of Orange^ 
erefted by Cains Afar'ius and Lu^atins Catulus^ upon the Vidory ob- 
tain d over the Cimhri and Jeutones ^ (where are likewife the Ru- 
ins of a Roman Circus.) To thefe we may add that ftately Bridge, 
twelve Miles off Nifmes^ confifting of three Stories of Arches one 
above another, the laft of which was an Aquedudt. (2.) Amphitljea- 
Urs-f as the Ruins of a ftate!y one at CWonj in Burgundy, another 
at perigueux in Ouienne ; another at Tboloufe in Langnedoc •, another 
II Aries m Provence ', another atViemiein Dauphme-, but the chief of 
all is that at Nifmes, of an extraordinary bignefs, and as yet adorn'd 
with leveral Pillars, and divers Roman Eagles, as alfo the Fable of 
^^tmIus and Remus lucking the She. wolf. (3.) The Remains of fome 
Hmtbcn Temples ; particularly thofe of Templum J ant (now tall'd 
\kJenetoye) at Autun \n Burgundy -, thofe ot the Goddels Venns ac 
ym^ueux m Guienne-, and that of Diana near N'lfmes m Languedoc, 
(|.} The Ru nt of fome Ancient Aqaedu^s, as thofe near Coutance in 
hr^m.'y •, thofe at Dole in Bretaigre-y Ibnie at Antun in Burgundy •, and 
[\]ok ^t Tboloufe m Languedoc, (^s.) Remarkable Pillars, particularly 
thofe Ancient Columns and Pyramids nejr Autun in Burgundy, but 
more efpecially is that famous 7^ o/w.«/i Obelisk of Oriental Granate ac 
Mis in Province, which is much admired by the Curious, being fifty 
two Foot high, feven Foot Diameter at the Bafe, and yet all but one 
Stone Among the Monuments of Antiquity, we may mention 
u large Pallage cut through the Middle of a Rock about two 
Leagues from B iaiifon in Daupfjine, which being a ftupendious piece 
of Woikj, gives occafion to various Conjectures, (ome Ferfons im- 
puting it to y. Cxfar, and others rather to Hami'ibal. To thefe we 
may add that large and round Buckler of Mafl'y Silver fiflvd out of 
Itlie Rhone near Avigniony 166$. being t.venty Inches in Diameter, 
land weighing twenty one pounds-, 'tis 1900 Years old, and is charg'd 
|w;th Sc'ipio Afric.mus half Mantled grafping his Pike, and Reman Of- 
ficers attend ng with the Spaniards fupplicating for a fair Virgin ^ 
ihe fame being confecrated to that Virtuous General upon hisre- 
oring a bcautilul Captive io AlluciuSy Vrlncc oi Celt iberia, who lud 
fpous'd her. 

Tht (e being the principal Remains of Reverend Antiquity obf^r- 
jble in this Country •, nexttefuch Curiofitics, we may fubioin fome 

H 4 Rarities 










Rarirics of Nati^re^ the moft noted of which are thefe following, 
(i.) Wafers of rcm.itkable QuaiiUes\ particularly Thofe nigh to Dai 
or /)' Acque in Oajco'igne, lo reputed of old for Bathing, tliat from 
them the whoW I'rovince of Aijuita'mc &\d derwc its Name. Asa!. 
fo the Mineral Waters of Botttbon much rclbrtcd unto, even in time 
of the Romans together with the famous fountain near to Orcmbk^ 
which appcareth as if covered with P lames and boileth up in great, 
Bubblcj^, and yet is never hot. Likewilc another boiling Fountain aJ 
bout a League from MmPieUier^ much obfcrv'd by Travellers ^ and 
finally, that Oily Spring near Gabian, in the Road from Afont^-eHkA 
to Bc:(iers. Add to ihele a Spring near L.oches in Orleanois^ and thA 
at Clermont in Mferpne^ whole Waters are of a Fetrilying nature; 
and i\kevvifc another nigh '^o the City of Afans, which maketh Silver 
look exadly like Gold, (i.) Chfervablc Moimtitms^ particularly th A 
nigh to Rhoaes w^G^'tcime^ calld the Mountains o{ CarJac^ which burnl 
whenever it Raius, (3 ) Stne h deoiis Subterranean Holes or Pajfci^tsl 
as that in the Vcid\ of S. Anbm du Conner in Eretaign, thiough wiifij 
ffovvsa migl ty Torrent of Water •, and another nearAVoni in DanptkA 
from which proceeds h a violent V\ ind. Tliefe are the chief RaritJ 
m fr.ince, both Natural and Artificial, efpecially the latter. Asioj 
Artificial ones of a modern date, this Country affordeth leveral, par] 
ticularly that famous Caral o{ Languedoc^ and fplendid Talacc cf Keri 
failles, with divers magnificent Buildings, (efpecially Churches) bij 
thefe are either too well known to need, or too numerous to admit ol 
any particular Relation here. 

Srcl)btCbo|);fCfc0.] The Arcbbip^oprkks oi Fiance are thefe fcllowj 

ing, vi^. 

S Count and Primate of /^rf/rc^ 
Primate ol prance and Germany. 
Duke and Fcer, of tie Realm. 
Z)uke and Veer, and Lcgat of the Holy S«,| 
Primate of Normandy, 

Part II, I Part If. 

whofe Arch 
b;fliop is 

As a!fo thofe, 

Bur get 










li5(G;op?fc!i0.] Thercfpeftive Suffragans of thefe Archbifhops a| 

is lollovvctli. 

.1 \\T^''' - \>Auxerre '^ Kor leans 

^&L ^S^^-crs ^;.)/e.«. 

Part ir. 





't i Beauvais 

I Amiens 

I Senlii 


Eu> eiix 







I ^ Vannes 
\^ S. Mih 

S Brieu 


S. Vol de Leon 


\ Limoges 
'S. Flour 
Ue Puy 


'C aft res 

^ 'Cahors 


f Poitiers 



, j Bayonne 
"S ! Comminges 
^ Conferans 

f Afirepoix 
^ }Montauban 
^ </ Lavour 
S )S, Papokl 
^ / LombeT:^ 







S A Lodove 
§ I MnntpelUer 
*< J Nifmes 


S. Pons 

V J Orange 

5 / £: ^'^"^ ^^ 3. Chateau 
^ ' Toulon 






^ CBelley 


LaufanneS'^ '^^* 




Nice in Savoy, 

^niterfitiesf. ] Vnherfities belonging to this Kingdom, are cfla- 
'■Ti'd ac thefe Cities following. 



I i. -i ''i 







Pointer s^ 








P9nt 4 man/on, 





■(■■ '^l 




Part II. 


^atincrtf.] The French arc generally a Civi', Quick and A^ive 
fort of People j but extrcamly given to talking, efpecially thofeof 
the Female Sex, who nevertheicls are not only very pleafing indif. 
courfe, butalfoof a graceful and winning deportment. This People 
is thus cliarafteiiz'd by fome ; That tliey are Aieryy AmiroHs^ full of 
Ailm^ compleat Mafters of the Art of VijfimuUtim^ and above ai! 
things Contentious^ being fo univerfally given to Lavv-fuits, and that 
even amongfl ncareft Relations, that Liiwyers, Judges, and orher 
Officers of Jufticc, arc obfcrv'd to be the richelt Body of the Kin?. 
dom, excepting the Churchmen. Many of this Country in matters of 
Learning, are biefs'd wich a clear Conception, and ready Exprelfion, 
and of late they have advanc'd the Rcpublick of Letters to a very 
confiderable height \ this Age having produc'd feveral of that Nation 
(and even fome of the Female Sex) who arc now famous through aj 
the Learned World for their fingular l^arts. 

3langaage. ] The French Language (ccmpos'd chiefly of the Latin 
together with feveral German and Gothic^ words intermixr) being late- 
ly much refin'd by the Royal Academy at Farjs, ii fo admir'd for n 
elegancy and fweetnefs, that it hath wonderfully fpread it felfabrojd 
in the world, and is now become the chief Tongue that's commonly 
us'd in mofl Princes Courts of Euyo^c. Pater-Nofter in the fame run's 
thus, Notre fere q-ii es anx Cieux, Ton Nnn foit fan^iifie \ Ton Re^m 
'v'lenne ; Ta Volente foit faiie en la Terre, osnine an C'lel ; Donne nius .v. 
purdhuy rotrepa'n qHot'idien ; Piirdom^e nous ms cifences^ comm: nous p.^- 
donnonsa ceux qui nous ont ojfence:^^ \ Et ne mus induit pint en tentatm\ 
mats delivere nous du muf. Amen. 

<lB»0l3ernm£nt. ] This Kingdom, being formerly a pjrt of th;i 
Roman Empire, was in proccfs of time over-run by Franks^ Goths an 
Buriund'iansy efpecially the firfl, by whom was rais'd a Monarchyjvhere Appe 
which continuing in the Succclfton of Kings of three feveral RacejBid difcufs'd. 
{yiX' f^'C Merov'ing'un^ Carlovintan and Capet'mc) is now as great imkie Depofi 
any in Chri'tendom \ and at prel'ent labjcut to one Soverei;',n (enPficrmin'd 
titi'd the ^'lOl}'uin King^ and eldeH Son of the Church ] whole G" 
vernment is Monarchical and Crown Hcredit.iry in his Heirs Ma^ 
all Females being excluded by the Sulique law. There were anci 
ently in this Kiii;.;dom many potent Dukes^ Earls ^ and L')rds^ w 
generally claun'd, and currently exercifed, great Authority in fV.m 
but, by the Kndcavours and Policy of Ibme grand Minifters 

Part \l 

not liavin, 
non of mi 
tjforc ro 
been uui 
/imgcly ( 
polal '.vhic 
chy is nov 
or noriiing 
And irs p 
v.ith the E 
dom being 
a Governou 
Wmg the 
liad in their 
lick Affjirs 
dom, here 
cula/iy the) 
Cm ts of Ah 
liiments (ti 
fifteen in r 
f'le Cities oi 
y>v:ncs, Pau 
Tliefe ParliJ 
Iflividcd into 
'no lefs tha n 
^ the Rcah 
he Tournelle 
5 exceeed a 

Wncery and 
Ws vvhere 
!■ Chambers 
pmin'd, an( 
^'tiv'd, Trea 
P 'ike are 

State, the Tower and JurifdicHon of the Nobility was fo ftran^elBe.'d at the Cit 
iimpair'd, th.K now tlic'y appear as fo many Cyfheys in the NatioiJ'i, rau^ Bl 

th.K now tlicy appear as fo many Cyfheys in the Nation 
The Adembly of the three Eflates (vii^^. the Clergy^ Nohility snj 
Citi-^ens (was likcwifc in great Veneration of old, and the ^td 
Authority it fell was thereby very much limited j but thac A(rcmb| 

^Jufes reJa 
"iijles) are 


P oi^ Paris 


H. I Part IL France. 99 

not having been conven'd fincc Anno 1^14, their Authority is now fup- 
prefs'd. Finally, the Parliament of Paris was likewilc a Conven- 
iion of mighty power and many Privileges, and it often ufed iiere- 
tjforc to oppofe the Defigns of the Court ^ but that AiTembly has 
been tjught other things of late, and its Wings arc now fo 
flrngcly dipt, that it dares not appear in the leaft, againflany Pro- 
polal '.vhich is or.ce hatch'd at I'crfaillcs, So that the French 
(hy is now skrew'd up to fuch a pitch, that it diffcreth but litdc, 
or norhing, from any of the moft abfolute Empires in the W orld : 
And irs prefent Monarch, for defpotick Power, may now vie even 
witli the Emperours of Mofcov'ia, China^ or Turkey, The whole King- 
dom being divided into 12 Governments; over each of rhem is fee 
aGovernour, flyl'd the King's Lieutenant- General ox S uper- Intend ant ^ 
having tl:e like Power as the Lords Lieutenants of England formerly 
had in their feveral Counties. For the better management of the pub- 
lick Affairs and Adminiftraticn of Juflicc in ail parts of this King- 
dom, here are eftablifht a great many Courts of Judicature, parti- 
culaily thefe following, o;/;^. Par laments ^ Chambers of Accounts ; 
Cou ts of Aids '^ Prefidial Courts-^ Generalities-^ Eleilirns, &:c. L P^tr- 
liments (the highefl and fupream Courts of the Nation) were 
fifteen in number , reckoning the late Conquefis, and held at 
the Cities of Paris^ Tholoufe, Rouen, Grenoble, Eourdeaux^ D//ow, Aix^ 
Wv.msy Pau, Mets, Befancon, Tourney^ Perpignan, Arras, and Brifuc. 
Thefe Parliaments, (according to their refpeftivc Bufincfs) are 
jdividcd into feveral Chambers, efpecially that of Paris, which hath 
ntiitm\^Q Ids than Ten, vi:^. (i.) The Grand Chamber, where the Peers 
f the Realm being accus'd of any Crime, are ufually Try'd. (2-) 
of thijli^ Tournelle Civile-, where they take cognizance of fuch Civu Caufes 
i)f/;j- andpsexceeed a thoufand I/Ve/ in value. (^) The JburnelleCriminelle; 
^narchJl^^r^^ Appeals from Inferior Courts in Criminal Matters are heard 
il Racesl^ difcufs'd. Eefidcs thefe three, there are five Chambers of Inquefl ; 
here Depofitions of WitneiTts are fet down, and Caufes thereupon 
eccrmin'd ^ being almoft the fame with our Bill and Anfwer in 
vncery and Exchequer. And laftiy, There are two Chambers of Ae- 
w/?-, where Caufes of Privileg'd Pcrfons are heard and difcufs'd. 
''Chambers of Accounts-, where Accounts of the Treafury arc 
famin'd, and Homage and ValTalage due from the Royal Feifs are 
ceiv'd, Treaties of Peace, and Grants made by the King, and 
ch like are recorded. Thefe Chambers are 1 2 in number, and 
d at the Cities of P^inV, Rouen, Dijon, Nantes, Afontpelier, Grenoble^ 
I, Pau, Blois, Lifle, Aire, and Dole, III. Courts of Aids, where 
Caufes relating to the King's Revenue ( particularly Aids, Tallies^ 
'".lies) are determin'd, and that without any appeal to a higher 
idicatory. The Courts arc in number Eight, and held at the 8 Ct» 
5 of ParU^ Montpeli^r^ Rouen, ClermonPy Monjerrand^ Bourdeaux^ 


ve al! 
d thac 
:crs ot 
a verv 
jgli a,l 

ng late- 

ne run's 

nws .v. 

WAS p.ll' 


M- li 


lOO France. 

Jixy GtenobUy and D'l'pn, IV. Prefidial Courts (compos'd of feveral 
Judges) where Civil Canfes in matters of fmaller importance, as 
alfo Appeals made irom Subaltern Jufiices in Villages, are heard 
and decermin'd. V. Generalities , whofe Office (they Being the 
Treafurers general of France) is to take care of affeffing the Taxes 
proportionably in their relpeftive Diftrifts, according to the Sum 
propos'd by the King and Council to be levied. Thefe Courts are 
23 in number (each confifling of twenty three Perfons) and thefe 
conveniently fituated in feveral parts of the Kingdom. They do al. 
fo judge Matters relating to the Crown-Land, the King's Revenue, 
and fich like. Laflly, Ele^ms-^ which are fmall Courts fubordinate 
to the Generalities, and their OITice is to caft up how much every 
Parifh in their refpeftive Divifion muft raife of the Sum propos'd by 
the Generahty •, and accordingly they iffue out their Orders to e. 
•very Parifti, whereupon one of the Inhabitants being chofen Col- 
kftor, he proportions every one's Quota •, and colledting the fame, 
returns it to the Generalities, and they again to the publick Excht- 
quer, Befides thefe, there are a vaft number of inferiour Courts for 
fmaller Matters, whether Civil or Criminal: And a great many pub- 
lick Officers, or Provojis^ Senefchals, Bailljfs^ as alfo Intendants de U 
JuftkCy Police, and Finance, 5cc. But our intended brevity will noc 
admit of a farther Relation. 

HItmtf.] The King of France, for Arms bears A^ure three Flower 
de Luces Or, two in chief, and one in bafe-, the Efcutcheon is env:- 
roned with the Collars of the Orders ot St. il//c^4e/ and the Holy GhojIA 
For, Creft, an Helmet Or, entirely open, thereon a Crown clos'd, 
after the manner of an Imperial Crown with eight inarched Rays, tope 
with a double Flower de Luce. The Supporters are, two Angels ha- 
bited as Levites -, the whole under a Favillion Royal, feme of Frmu 
lin'd Ermines, with thefe words, Ex omnibus Floribus ekgi mihi Lil\m\ 
Jjita neque laborant neque nent, 

URtli^iotl' ] The only Eflablifli'd Religion in France, is that of 
the Church of Rome-, for all the Decifions of the Council of Trent \n 
Matters of Faith are there receiv'd \ but thofe that relate to Poinc}| 
of Difcipline, and infringe the Rights of the Crown, with the Liber 
ties of the GaUican Church, are rejefted. The i'roteffants (com 
nionly call'd Huguenots) were formerly allow'd the publick profelTi 
on of f/Wr Religion by feveral Edifts granted by the French Kings ^ 
particularly that of li antes. An. 1598. by Henry IV. and confirm'dj 
by all his SuccefTors ever flnce. But the prefent King, by his De 
clarationot Otlober 1685. abolifh'd the faid Edift, and inhibited th 
Excrcifc of the Reform'd Religion, enjoining the profefTion of thi 
|lff/i?^n, and that under the fevcreft Penalties. Whereupon follow 

Part 11. 1 Part 11. 

part 11. trance. loi 

the Deftruftion of their Churches, and a violent Pcrfecution which 
forced great Droves to leave the Kingdom, and feek for flielter in 
Foreign Countr' As to the Romanifts themfelves -, there are great 
Divifions amoHj, ciiem at prefent, notvvichdanding of their fo much 
boafted Unity : For befides the hot Difputes between the Molmfls 
and Janfemfts about Predeii'mathn and Grace (in which the pretend* 
cdhitallible Judge at Rome dares not interpofe hisDecifive Authori- 
ty for fear of difobliging one or the other Party) we find that the 
Scft of Qiikt'tfm has lately crept in among them j as appears from 
the late Book of the Archbiftiop of Cambray concerning the Internal 
Lifcy which has been cenfured by the Archbilhop of Paris, and the 
Eilhops of Meaux and Chanres, and complain'd of by the French 
King in his Letter to the Pope, and at laft condemn'd, tho' the 
Author profer'd to maintain his Doftrine before the Papal Chair 
ifpcrmitccd to go to Rome. The Chriflian Faith was firft planted in 
this Country by fome of St, Peter's Difciples ( as is moft probably 
thought) fcnt thither by him at his firfl coming to Rome, 

' i.i- 



,'r i 








vn ' 

'^~' 1 

























Vi u 

V '"i' 









Part II. 



h rbetvveen 

- \ 



Concerning (Secmaiip, 

d. m. 

Length is about 540 

5 V^Ereadth is about $i« 

•^ North. 
Being divided into Three Clades, vtTi. > Middle. 

} South. 

The Circle o£ Belgium 


'The Circle of Weflphal'ia 
(The Circle of the Lower Saxony. 
The Circle of the 'L'p^e. Saxony, 

'The Circle of the Lower Rhine. < H 
The Circle of the Vpper Rhine, 
The Circle of Franconia, 

r fAmfferdam 

'The Circle of Suabia, 
The Circle of Bavaria, 
The Circle of Au(\r\a, 



Hamburg _ 
Wittenburg — — ^i 

-< Heidelberg 

'1 Munick - 
\J/ienn{t — 

Of all thefe in Order. 


■ i #^: :•! 

li' ^'! 

S. I. Bf 

.1(1 • "M 


5. I. The Circle ^/Belgium. 

Part iIPsJ'^ W- 

The Chie 
Ipropcrly fo 
l[.^ciTi, by m 
Divided into|North, vj^, mlU-^d ^ "> ,^j ^ 'Xo^s:i^i^^'rd,rr.m'^doxc, 
^' " LSoutii* 'viK.* Flanders — J iBruxelles, 1 

Holland contains fcven Provinces, 

/ Holland properly foTi 

\ caird 
4 towards J Zeland 
the South 

L ofC?e/ 

and a part ^ i^ . 

G elder land. 

3 towards rOver.IJfel 
the iVar//j < Frkflani - 






Flanders contains Ten Provinces. 

r G elder land 
r^ Dutchies^ Brabant 

^ Luxembourge 
^Llmboiirge -— 

Flanders ^Toipcrlyio 
;] \ call'd 

^'^4 Counties^ i4) /?//<! 

^ I jHannonia > 

Namur ■ 

The Marquifate of the Empire 
1 VThe Scignory of Malines, 



o I 

h> jBru£es. 

"X Arras, 






(South arc 

iWh are 

part 11. 



fhe Chief of thcfc Seventeen Provinces being Holland and Flanders 
properly fo called, with Brabant -, we (hall more particularly confider 
Lm by mentioning the mod remarkable Towns in each of them« 

,;^,(ni, by mentioning 


HolUnd properly fo called, being divided into< 


rGoree in the Ifland Goree, 


I Rotterdam ■ — 
I Dort 

(South arc -< Gorcum 

I Hague 


-1 •)!« t 

Nigh unto, or upon 
the IHdTie from W, 
to E. 

In the Wefteon-parK 
from S. W. to N. 

mh are '^ 

'Amflerdam upon the Channel Amftel, 

Miman J ffomS.toN. 


Hoorn '^Upon the Zuyder' 

or South-Sci, from 
N. to S. 



Nasrden » 



11' t* f 


« " 





Pa^t II. I p^rt ir. 

flandersjpro^CTly fo call'd, being divided into<^ 

I Alhoji 

INinoven • 
' 'i Ghent 
I Oudenard 
r r£<«/? arc ^ toitmay « 
5f. Am.ind 




Courtray — 
Armentiers — 

f Graveling 
Oflend — 

, V.lf</? arc ^ //«//? 

Upon the Dendre^ fromN. 

1 Upon the 
\ Scheld xAU found from 

J r N. to s. w, 

"7 Upon the 



Nigh unto, or upon the I;;, 
all found from N. to S. 

.Five remarkable Ports from 
S. to N. E. 

Mound from W. to E. 

Rupelmond w^on the Scheld, 5 Miles S. ol Antwetf. 
turtles ■ ") 

Dixmude ■ Mound from W. to E. 

Thyelt J 

i ^''&' ^' ^^"'' I from W. to r, 

I Tpres S 

\C^J]<^^, fartfceft South, 


C North: 
The Dutchy of Brabant being divided into<q 


107 fi "^^r^ff^' 


cKrthdLXcJsteenbergvn . ^ 

Bergen op i^oom , \ 

Antvperp upon the Scheld, 
Mech.ln upon the DcnUre, 

\ \ found from E. to W, 

'iJoHth are 

Sic! em ^. 
Deti — 
Ti/nnnt -*- 


the Denier from W. to £. 

found from W. to E. 

jHdoJgrenhoui 12 Miles S. E, of Louvain. 
Gemblo' rs . ^ 

Gernt^e » > found from E. to W* 
^'^Mielle J 

§. '2. The Circle of Wcdphilh. 

.., . rNorth-Eafi,hct\W€cntheWeferandElm ^h COfnaburg, 
; < Middle between the Eim and the Rhine S^ \ Munftcr, 
'^^ C Soitth'WeJ},het\wxhe Rhine and Cir, Belg.J u {^Liege. 


More p.irticularly, 

C Oldenburg "^ 

fThe Coun- ^ Hoya — 7 
ty of "^ Dicpholt-J " 
(^Schomberg — 
The Principal . of Afinden, 

compre- . t-, ^ C^mbdcn 01 "^ v^ 
lends ^ ThcCoun. \ ^ p,:;,,,„^} ^^ 

The Bifliopoi Ofnaburg — 
Tiie Conn, f Tecklenburg 
^ ry of \RuveHibnrg j 

^ « fldcm 
^'^ irdem 

I Idem - 


I 7 

Idem ^ Nigh unto, or 
Idem / upon the 
I Idem y Elm, from 
^.IdemJ N. coS. E. 











^c8 Germany, 

I^The County of Bcnthem 
The Bilhoprick of Munfter- 
^ The County of Lip 

compre- ^ The Bilhoprick of Paderborne ^ 
^ hends j The Dutchy of fVe lip ball a-^ o 

[ThcCouncyof |^-fz>| 

Southmft rThc SucccfTion oilCleves^ 
compre.,,^ the Dutchies of^fuHefs- 
L hends (,The Bifhoprick of Liege 

Part IF. I Part II 


Idem ( from N. \v. 

Idem^ toS.E. 


Arensberg ^ from 
^ Ham ^. E. to 

Duffeldorpj W. 

Clcves 7 . . - 
Julicrsi^ '° ^' 
'i^Liege W.of 7«/,>y;| 

ff. 3. The Circle of Lower Saxony. 

Divided into^ Mddle 


Chief To\vn< Lunenburg 

More particularly. 


D. of 

Holiiein rDttmArfl)^ '^, 

compreO Holjldn prop. 

hending^ Stormar'nt — 

the D. of (jVagerland— 

' Laxvenburg ■ 

Mecklenburg . ■ ■■ ^— 

.Tf/\/ii/e r Bremen — - — 

the D.< i^^'i.'n 

of {^Lunenburg — •— 

f flilderflieitn^ a Biflioprick 

, ) Brunfwicl\ a Dutchy—-. 

S3«r^ V ffatberjiat, a I'rincipahty 

(^ .Mdgdcburg^ an Archbilli. . 


f Me! dorp- 
Kiel V u t 

Lubeck - 

are thofe ^ Lawenbur^ 
of JlVifmar — 

Bremen — 


{^Lunenburg ^ 

Fs that of f/ilderflje'im 

Brunfppick & Wolfenbuttel 

Is that ot halberflat 

,Is that of Magdeburg — . 


i tilns the 

Befides th 
k<iup anddc 
'f'lefe follow 

The Princ 


D. of i ' 

I The E. of< 
The BiHio 



Part II. 



W ! 

Eefides thcfc arc, 

fHamvcr — 

The D. of< Gruppenhagen/ | 

Idem, i6 m.N. VV,") r .,.|j /? • 
Idem. 37 m. S. }o£ f^tlderfljem 

Idem, 14 m. S. of Gruppenhagen, 

^ ^fReinlfeln — \j=! 
^^(^0 oi\f^,rhigen — ^^ 

5 / BUckenberg^ lo m."|S. W. of Hxlbe^ 

Blackenberg, lo m,") S. W, 
Elbingeroda^ 12 m. j flat. 

ff. 10. The Circle of Upper Szxony. 


Divided into J ^,^^^,_, 

> Chief Town< 

More particularly, 

D. of Saxony y properly 

(South con- 3 ^o call'd 

tains the i Marq. oiMifnta 

Landtgr. of Thur'ing 





North con- 
i tims the 

Erfurt, Wcftward. 

Berlin b^Berlin 
Guftrin J 
Cam'in 7 „^ . 

Befides thefe, are many little Princes of the Houfe of ^^xow; fcattcr- 
jed up and down (or nigh unto) the Landtgrave of Thurm, particularly 

tliefe tollowing ; 

The Princip. of Anhalt, 

I The D. of<^ Gothct 

l^Eifenac ■■ 
I The E. of< Beichtingen — 


The BiHiaprick of Hall 

[South to Magdeburg] Ch.Town ISernburg 
^ ridem, 13 Miles E. 
. I I Idem, 14 Miles W. 

1 o I Idem, 26 Miles W. 

>]2 < Wem, 24 Miles S. 
. 1 *i I Idem, 20 Miles N. E. 
•Is Idem, $$M. S.W. 

J Lldem, 56 M. S. W. 

»of Erfurcf 

of Witten- 


'1 i • 

I 9 

§. 5.77n 

iC t; 




Part III Par^" 

^. 5c The Circle of the Lower Rhine. 

Divided into ^Fi^^ "" 


More particularly, 

Bifhoprick of Cologne — 

The Palat. of the Rhine. 

Arrhbilho- C Triers 

prick of \ Mentr^ 

^ Biliioprick of Worms — 

^ I D. of Simmer en 

' Rbinegrave — 



^ yV/ewr/ 


I— « 


Counties J Sponheim — 

of 1 VedcntT^ — 


W"e between {/««^^^. 

He'dclberg upon the Keeker. 

Idem upon the Myfel e. 

Idem upon the Rhine. 
J Idem upon the /5/j/«e. 

Idem 3(^ m. W. of Afentz. 

Kirn ii m. S. of Sim merer.. 

Idem 18. m.S.E.ofC/e^ejinUVI 

CveutT^nach 2o.m.S. W. oiMav 

Idem 17 m. N. E. of Triers. 
!^Idem 12. m. S. W. of Iforw;. 

Divided into 

§. 6. Ke Circle of the Upper Rhine. 

North IchiefTownl^^-f^'; 



More particularly, 



f D. oi ZneyhrHcky or De;/:c^. 

Landtgr. 5 ^eje C^jje/ ^ 

of J Darmflat , 

Territories of Francfort 


( Solms 


I Ifenburg _ 

'1 CatT^enelbogen 

I Hanaw 

[^Erpach j 


Idem, 44. m. ah W. of Worms. 

Cajfcl farther North. 

Idem bet w. the Rhine znd Mm 

Idem upon the Maine, 

Idem 7 from N. to S. on the W.c 

Idem 5 the Landgr» Hejfe Cajji. 


{^^"'C from W. to S. E. oni^i 

Idemf ^^"^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^'■'^'"^' 

.^' 7' A 

part .II: Germat?j. 

S. 7. The Cicle of Franconia. 


Divided into ^^^^^j^ 

; J Chief Town J ^«;^^^^^^^^^^ 

More particularly, 

The Terrif. of Nurenbarg "j ^ ■ Idem on a branch of the Maine, 
^Onfpach / ^ vidcm, 33 m. W. of Nurenburg. 

|CMarq.of ^c«/'n6^c)^-,Vi2 ^Idcm-} 

? J (Bamberg — jT "tJ Vdem Sfrom E. to W. 

2 JBiOiopr.of^ Wartsburg-. V^ ^ IdemJ 

:i C lAichftat '^ ^ Idem, 34. m. S. of AT; 


Befides thefe are 

The State of the great MaRer of the Teutonjck Order, chief Town 

MAtgentheim^ 57 Miles W. oi Nurenburg, 

As alfo feveral Counties, but chiefly thofe of 



txenberg'^B / 

f I \ldem Mrom N. 

\ H Joringen J this ( 

. to S. in the W. pare of 

Idem 12 m, "w. of the Biihoprick of Aichftaf, 
Idem 51 m. N. W. of Nurenburg, 
Idem 23 m. S. W , o( Bamberg, 

'■ ^ '■! 



ff. 8. 7^c 

it' I 




Pa« Illpart 11. 

§. 8. T&e Circle of Suabia. 

Divided into 



S LSPugurt, 

t«/Iorc particularly. 

' ''D. of WhUnhurg 



Biniopr. of 1^^^,^,,^ _ 

Marq. of < Burgaw — 
{^Ortnayv — 

Prmc. of \ff,i^^,iJ^ 


Count, of < Reckbery — 

fWalburg — 
Baroa of < Limpurg -^ 

Abbacy of Kempton'^"^^^ 



{5'^«^dr^ \Nighoruponti,c| 
TubingenS Nectar, 
Idem upon the Lake Conflance, 
Idem upon the Lech. 
Idem 98 m. W. from Stngurt, 
Idem 10 ni. W. from Ausbux!,, 
Ojfenburg 20 m.S. from B^.^tB. . 
Idem 7,6 m.N.W. fromCon/?4/icJ 
Idem ii m S. from Tubingen. I 
idem g8 m. N. W.from i4«jittrj 
Gemund 43 m. W. from Otting, 
Idem 18 m. N. fromC9n/?4ncf. , 
id. or Wald/ee, 50 m. N.E. fr.Coni' j 
Idem 37 ni. W. from Ottit^g, 
Idem 28 m. S. E. from Stugitrl , 
Bahenhaufen 30m S. W. fr. Auiil 
Idem 3C m. W. from Ausburg, 
Jdcm $0 m. S. W. from .4«iii<rJ 

To the Circle of Suabia wc add Alfatiay chief Town is J^r^xft.vr^' 

It's dividfld into4 ^^'^^^ ^°^'l!''*'^' 
(^Loirtrr, Northward. 

f Freiburg " .^ 
i/*^^?r contains the Towns of -^ Kri/^c^ >From VV. 


Lower contains the Towns of.^ Nu^cr^iw 

{^^akcrn^ Wcfhvard 


S. to N. 

^. 9. Vy. 

%. 9. The Circle of Bavaria. 


Divided lato^g^^^j^ ^ \^^'^^ ^'^''^^XMmkb QiMmchen. 

More particularly, 
KoYth contains NortgorPf or the Palatinate of Bavarta^ 

^Landtgr. of Leuchenherg 

IComprchcnding jrcmtor.oi ^^j^berg^ 
y Abbacy of [Valthaufen — 
( County of Chambe — 

Idem ^N. to S. W. 

Idem"! N. to S. 

"thcon, f ^'^"^ Ek(^. f Higher^ Southw.^ H C Munich or Afunchen. 
■" '< of Bavaria I Lnwer^ Northw. s ^^ Ratkb, or Regensp, 
^^'"^ (,Arch-Birtioprick of Salt^bHrg J 5 l.Wc"'# Southward. 

Eefides thefe are fevcral other Dominions, as particularly 

[The Dutchy of Newburg, [ Chief Town, Idem ] 10 Miles S. of the 
\ Biflioprick of Aichftat in tranconia, 

[The Bifiiopr. of \^freifw^en J o V^^^ lom.N.of Mi^.nicfj. 




S*. 10. The Circle of kxx^ixlz. 

Divided into|t;"r' Eaftvyard -^ chief Town [ ,^''^"''^' 

X^Highcr^ Well ward' j ]^Inf}>rkci; 

More particularly, 

I ("Arch D. of Aujhia |^'" "^ •^';'.'' ■'"' l'^'''"'"'- 'i''''^f <" ' 
n \ -^ (^Weft LfntT^ J whole. 

^ J / c*- • fhigher, W. Judenburgl ^ , , ^r/ 

^.< V,^""" ilower,E. | a«f ^-l } ^''''"'''^^ 

S /'S J^ • ,;• Thiehcr.V.' ,0 Willach — ) ^, , v. 

Tliefe C. 
Ders; eacl 

ft'duccd to 

{Wcjl o 


r- -f Thiehcr, N. .y ' Laubach — ? , t t 

iY/^^fj' con- CCountv of 7)^•o/ — 
tains the ^Bilhour. of Brixenj 

^^Idem — 


"rom N. to S. 

Eefides thefc arc fome other petty Sovereignties, cfpccially the 
two following j 

^u i^ r^OoYit'Lt — 7 • ^ •/ r4oMiIcsW.7 J. ^ I 
The D. of|^;/^^^ f'" '^'»""''' 1 56 Miles E. ^"f^-""*^] 

Under this Circle is ordinarily comprehended Bo/;^/^/^/, containing 

The K. of B->heniht^ prop, fo r.tird"^. f Prague — > 

fhij^licr, Northward — j F: I 50MWV— *) , 

'? lower. Southward ~- ' o J P.intT^rn ]*'*"'K^" 

C [•-.aflrni ■ — ' ^ ' 

^ Wc'r- rn 

D.of«;<-/Mlj'*s!KT Sou.Iuva.a 
(^ lower, Northward 






^£7/? cor 

[;.) The chii 
lederatcs ( 

Sw'itxers a| 

\) Thechi 
leftures o 
Sw'it^ers a 

To the (;er; 
K it bein^ 
ren we com 

Afror rfic rr- Circles ol" r»(?rw./«v followctli ,<5'wvV^tY/,/w/, compn J 
tliiig 15 Ca.iron>, with levcral Contcderatc Cities and rrclctturt!. 

( I.) Tlie Thirteen Cantons arc thofc of 

/TW)7<(', .S'nl^r, Gfarisy Solr>tJmn, 

tkrn^ VnAC>n\ilJi H.t/il, 'Sch.ifh.tufciif 

jMicrUy ^lig^ yr'tbi'r^^ /p}'Cir(cl, 


art ! 


f of ti 


. toS. 

:ially tlid 

I Part II. Germany. 115 

Thefe Cantons are fee down according tc their Votes in the general 
ipersi each of them hath a capital City of its own Name except 'L'r/ 
^hieWown i4/ror/) and 'L'/i^trrw^/^ (chief Tossii Stant ) and arc 
Lduccd to three Clallcs. 

^Wejl comprehending 

J Solotburn 
^ Bern 


from N. to S. 




j Zug . 

Middle comprehending -< Lucern ^from N.toS. 

I Vnderwald 

^Eafl comprehending {oulh^ 

' i from N. to S. 

:,) The chief Con. CGrifons^ ch. T, Co'irey ^ . fCounty of TtroU 
iederates of the< > ; < 

if l4«6 J Swltxsfs are the (^City of Geneva 

r the 


Lake of Geneva, 

)ntainingj,) The chief Pre- /" Baden 

tenures of the ) Bremgarten— > on the 
^witTSYs arc ^ MelUngen 

K^Sargans N. orthe Grifons. 

— '^ 



To the German Empire we might here annex the Kingdom of //un- 
W it being now almoft intirely under the Emperour 3 but of 13 
1 we come to Tio'ky in Enropc, 



'■ m 




THIS great Body being divided ( js aforcfaid ) into Ten C/rJ 
des'^ and the firfl ol' thefe (viz. Belgium or the Net her Unds 
being moft oblervable upon (everal accounts, we fhall take a particJ 
Jar view of the fame, as it confifts of Holland and Flanders^ and thj 
treat of all the rell conjuntUyj under the General Title of VppcrQ.^\ 
WAny. Therefore, 


^tnc* 3 TjOUand [ of old Batav'ra or part of ancient Bel^k 
tl and n ;w bounded on the Eafl by Upper Geymnji 
on the Weft, and North, by part of the German Ocean j and on ti 
South, by Flanders ] is tcrm'd by the Italians and Spaniards, HoUnL 
by the French, Hollande ^ by the Germans and Englifh, H^lUi 
fo call'd fas many imagine) from Hoi and Land, two Teutonic wor 
fignifying a low or hollow fort of Land : But others chufe rather 
derive the Name from Oeland ( an Ifland in the Baltkk Sea ) wh 
Inhabitants, being great Pirates, and frequently ranging thefe Se, 
at lafl did feizc upon, and fettle themfelves in this pare of the Com 

afir. ] The Air of this Country is generally thick and moid, 
rcafoa of the frequent Foj^s which arifc trom the rhany Lakes a 
Canals with which this Country abounds. And to this Moifiri 
of the Air it is, that we may impute the Caufc oi the frequcncv 
Agues, to vvhirh the Inhabitants arc lb fubjcft. The oppofice P 
of the Globe to Holland is that part of the vaft Pacifick Ocean, 
tween 205 and 210 Degrees ot Longitude, with 31 and 54. Degrees] 
South Latitude. 

4^0U' 1 "^i^is Country lyin^ very low, and in the Tenth North 1 
mate J its Soil \s naturally wet and fenny, but the induflrious Iniial 
tants do fo drain it by .1 vail Multitude of Artificial Canals, thjci 
Ground is made very (it both for Pafture and Tillage, eipecially 
former, they imploying the grcarcft part of their Land in Grazing 
Herds of Kinc. The Length of the Days and Nights is the famel 
in England, !South of the HumhcY* 

Cotnmo'DltiCO' ] Akliouj^h the fofnmaditiet of this Count! 
proceeding fronrirs natural Growrh, (may Ari^fly fpeaking) 
reckon d only Hntter and Chc^^c, yet by reafott of the nimy ufd 
ManufaiUires which this People em ouragc at home, ( the v 

Materi.ilf. of w'lirh 4re bronglii from other Nations) and t!iJt wJ 


)art n* Germany, 117 

Lfjl Trade which they manage abroad in mofi Parts of the known 
Ivorld, we nvjy reckon it as a Publick Warehaalc ot the nchefl and 
[.ft Commodities of all Nations. 

iSsrlticfll The chief Remarkables in /fo/Z^ni arc thefc fo lowing, 

ff. (i.) Tlie vaft Multitude of Artificial Sluces and Canals ^ beii.g 

Work of prodigious Expence and great Convenience both 

r Traffick and Travelling. (2.) The firft Book that ever was 

jpnted in Europe, to wit, a Copy of Tully's Offices carefully pre- 

>rvd, and now to be leen at Harlem^ where that ufeful Ar^6f Prin- 

g was at firft invented, or at leaft improv'd. (^.) The Curms 

%nttim (efpecially t}3at call'd the Bafin oi Venus ) and the two great 

■mdis or Water-falls in the pleafant Gardens belonging to Loo, 

g The braien Font in St. Peters Church in Zutihen^ Remarkable for 

i admirable Workmanfhip. (5.) The two brazen D'if}}es in the Vil* 

^toi Lofdun^ in which were Baptiz'd ( Anno 1216.) by Don W'tU'tam, 

iuifragan Biftiop of Treves, ^6$ Children, [ whereof 182 wcrefaid to 

leMales, and as many Females, and the odd one an Hermaphrodite 1 

lilbofH at one Birth by the Countefs ot Henneherg^ Daughter to Flo- 

xt the IV. Earl of Holland, One of which Children ( at Icafl an 

i)ortivc given out for one of them, the whole Matter of Faft being 

jid in queftion ) is to be fccn in the Afufxum Rectum at Copcn- 

\i;cn. {6.) The Remarkable Stone Qiutr^ near Maeftticht, which 

ks like a vaft Subterraneous Palace, it reaching under a large 

I, fupported by feme Thoufands ol fquare Pillars [ commonly 

10 Foot high, ] between which are fpatious Walks, and many private 

mrements ot great Ufe in time of War, they fcrvingasa furc Rc- 

ge to the neighbouring Country People, who touimonly reforc 

[her with their Goods when alarm'd by an approaching Enemy. 

,) The /loow where the Synod oi l):irt wis held /1/mo 161 9. with 

k Seats as they then flood, is (hewn to Strangers as another Curio- 

ty of this Country, (d.) The Stadt f/oufe ot Amjlerdam is fuch a 

tc!y Edifice, founded upon fomc Thoufands of large Piles drove 

:othe Ground, that the fame dctcrvcs the particular View of every 

nous Traveller. 

I :.) The Brazen Statue of the famous Defid. Erafmus in the City of 
iUchiam is likewife obfcrvable, with the little obfcure Houfe where 
jt great and eminent Man was born-, which is lignify'd to Strangers 
aDiftich over its Door in Lathy Dutch and Spanjh. Laftly, among 
e principal i?<ir/^/fi- of lloHund wc may reckon that noted piece of 
ptiquity the Burg in Lcyd:n, with the many rate Curiofities ia 
e famous Univerlity there ^ the moft remarkable of which arc thefc 
llowing. (i.) The Horn and Skin of a Rhinoceros. (2.) The 
jd and Back of another with the I'ertebrji ot its Neck. (3.) A 
odigious Oyftcr llidl weighing one hundred and thirty Pounds, 

(t) Two 

V ' 

\ ., 

i ir 


1 .1 .'I 





(4.) Two Humane Skins, one a Man's, rhe other a Woman's, purdy, 
tann'd and prepared like Leacher, with a pair of Shoocs made of fuchl 
Leather, (j.j Another humane Skin drefs'd as Parchment. (5 
The Etfigies of a Peafanc of rrnfjia who f wallowed a Knifeof tci| 
Inches length, and is faid to have lived eight Years after the fame waj 
cut out of his Stomach. (7.) A Shirt made of the Entrails of a Man! 
(8.) A curious Shield made of a large Sea-Tortoile-fheli. (9) ThJ 
Stomach and Bladder of a wonderful fliape taken out of a monftrouil 
Fi(h brought from Sheveling. (lo.) Two Egyptian Mummies, being 
the Bodies of two Princes, of great Antiquity, (n) Two Subcr.| 
ranean Roman Lamps, with divers Roman and Egyptian Urns oil 
great Antiquity. (12.) The Limbs of fevcral Sea- Monflers. (m 
All the Mufcles and Tendons ot the humane Body curioufly fet upbyl 
ProfefTor Stalpert Vander WieL (14.) A Wooden Effigies of the ceJ 
Icbrated Egyptian God Ofiris now almofl confum'd with Age. (lA 
Another of Brafs with three Egyptian Idols of Stone. (i5.) An Image 
of Ifts giving Suck to her Son Or. (17.) Another Effigies of Ifis uport 
a little Egyptian Corfer containing the Heart of an Egyptian PrincJ 
embalm'd. (18.J A Piece of Rhubarb that grew in form of a Do4 
Head. (19.) A Cup made ot a double Brain pan. (20.) A Loaf oj 
Bread petrcfy'd. (zj.)The monftrous Skeleton of a Man with crooked 
Hands and Legs. 

3Ircl)bi(bop?icU0'] Here is but one Archbiihoprick in this Countn 
(v'i2,Vtrecht ) and that only Titulary. 

^ffl)Op?<Cfe0« ] Under the Archbilhop of Vtrccht are Five 

Titular Suifragans, i;/:^. 

jf/jirle;??, Meddleburgh* 

Leu warden. 

Thofe of < ^^ . ' 
^ Groningen^ 

^nitcrfitf CS. 3 Lnivcrfities in this Country are thole of 





I n 

n^anncrff. ] The Natives of this Country are reckon'd none of" tl.l 
Politclt Ibrt of People cither in Thought or Behaviour, efpecijlr 
the latter; in which they fo little endeavour to tollow tli 
various Modes, and nice Punctilio's of Ceremony in Ufe amoi 
their Neighbours the Frercb, that they chufe rather to runtotJ 
other cxtream. The Chief Quality of this PtopL, (bclidestlr 
fingular Ncatnefs of their Houfcs ) is chat wo derful Genius to 
laudable Indullrv, \Jicrcwich they fcem to be Unwcrlally inipir'ii 
■ . ' ' fcrlo 

p^rt IF. Germany. H9 

krforts ot all Ages, Sexes and Stations, being fomc way or other 
Ifetlilly imploy'd. So induftrious are the Dutch both at home 
[nd abroad, that Holland maybe fitly refcmblcd to a large Bee-Hive^ 
iftiereol: the City of Amjlerdam we'll reckon tlie Entry ^ where the 
ilukitude of Ships that one fees daily going out and in, doth 
lively reprelent the fwarm of Bees thronging out and in at the door 
If the Hive when bufie at work in a hot Summers day. By which 
nduflrious Hands, in carrying on feveral profitable Manut'aftures 
[t home, and managing a prodigious Trade abroad, they have of 
^t advanced themfelves to fuch a height of Fower and Treafurc, 
Is CO become even terrible to crown'd Heads. 

language.] The Language h^re fpoken is the Low'T>:<tch (a Dialed 
j the German having Icveral corrupted French and Latin words in- 
frmixt: a Language that hath nothing to recommend it to Stran- 
lers. How it differs from the H'ljj-German will bed appear by their 
W Mer^ which runs thus •, Ov/e Vader die in de hemelen [_ Ziit 1 
Wn ^'i-^ wcrde geheylight, Vw' kminckriiche kome. Vwen wilfe 
\(khkde geliick in den kernel [atfoo ] oock op den aerden, 0ns dage licks 
rf)tgeefont haden. Ende vergeeft ons onfe fchulden geliick oock wy ver^ 
^m onfe fchyldenaren, Ende en lepp ons nkt in verfoerkinge maer verlofl 
\i viin den boofeen. Amen. 

(Scbcrnmcnt.] The Seven provinces of Nollan.-^^ being under 2 
iiocratical Government, are ( as it were ) feveral Common -wealths j 
ach Province being a diftinft State, yea, and every City, having 
»^dependent Power within it fclf to judge of all Caufes, whether 
or Criminal, and to inflift even Capital Punifhrnents : But all 
ing together, make up one Republick the moft confiderablc in 
[eWorld^ which Republick is govern'd by the Affembly of the 
tii'Gcneral^ confining of Seven Voices, each Province having 
nc. To this Aflembly ( whofe place of Meeting is ordinarily ac 
k Hague ) bclongeth the Power of making War or Peace ^ receiv- 
jigand difpatching of Ambafladors; inlpehing into the Condition 
frontier Towns, and afligning what Summs ot Money mull 
levied for the publick Service. Matters are not determln'd 
fie in this Afiembly by Plurality of Voices, but all the Provinces 
|iift come to an unanimous Confent; and each rtprefcntativc re- 
Irning to his refpeftive Province, muit propolc the Matter in a 
[ovinciai Afiembly, confifting of Deputies Irom all Cities of thac 
rovince ^ which Deputies muft alfo return, and receive the Con- 
|it of rhcir Principals, orherways nothing can be concluded. In this 
Iffembiy of the States-Genera!, the Seven Provinces have fli 11 given 
icir Voices in order following ^ y\z»Oiielders and Zut phenyl (iy(hecAuCQ 
\tidtrs \i the cldcii, and her Plcnipocentiarict) tJid firft ^Yopofc the 

Up ion} 

!.;* II 


•;^ 1 

■'I*-', i 

f 20 Germany. 

Union then /^o//W; 3dIy,Ze/<inrf-, 4thly, 7^/rfc/jf j jchly, Fr/V/?^;^ 
(5thly, )Over-TjJlel •, and laftly, Groningen. Aififtant to this AffembJy u 
the Council of State, compos'd of twelve Perfons, whereof Gueldtr 
land fends, a ^ Holland, ^ 5 Zeland, 2 ; Vtrecht, 2 5 Frte^Und i .1 
OverTjfely 1 ^ and Groningen, i •, ) whole bufinefs is to dclibe*ratel 
Prcvioufly upon thofe Matters which are to be brought before the! 
States-General •, as alio to ftate the Expence for the fucceeding Year] 
and to propofeWays and Means how to Levy the fame. Subfervid 
cnt to this Council is the Chamber oj Accounts ( compos'd of two Del 
puties from eacli Province ) whofe Office it is to examine the publiclc 
Accounts, and difpofe of the Finances. And whenfoever the States 
do Order the fitting out a Fleet j the Care of the fame, and OrderJ 
ing of all Marine Affairs do rely ipon the Council of the Admiralty 
to which arc Subordinate five Colleges in the three Maritime ProvinJ 
ces; viz. Holland, Zeland, ^nd Friexland, who take care to execute 
all Orders of that Council accordingly as they are lent to them fron 
time to time. 

Stmsf ] The Enfigns Armorial of the Seven united Provinces oJ 
States of Holland are Or, a Lion Gules holding with one Paw a Cutleas] 
and with the other a Bundle of Seven Arrows clofely bound togetherj 
in allufion to the Seven Confederate Provinces, with the followin/ 
Motto Concordia res parvji crefcunt. 

IRcliglon.] No Country in Europe can boaft of more Religions, and 
yet perhaps no part of Chriftendom may be truly faid to be lels Re 
ligious than this is. Here indeed we may fee all Sefts and Parties II 
the open ProfeiTion of rheir refpeftive Tenets ( all Profeffions bein] 
tolerated lor Tradings fake ) and yet that which the ApoftlcSt,yJ 
(chap. I. V. 27. ) calls the pure and undefiled Religion before God and tli^ 
farher, is as little (if notlefs) known here than in any Chriftu 
Country whatfoever. That publickly profcfs'd and generally receiv'l 
is the Reformed Religion according to the Tenets of Judicious Cali'i 
Chriftianity was firft planted in this Country about the fame time witf 
^J'per Germany, of which afterwards. 

phciv to< 

ginning of 

[from Fland 

ad Grand Fc 


|ir. ] The 
TCDt healchf 

thick Fogs 
if Inhabitant 
unfle the Air 
ofite Place of 
lean bctvveer 

M' ] Th< 

Imiate ) is noi 

than others 

many forts 

Ground in cl 


)a and Lead, 

i TheLen 

Fmce and S 


iuft of thci 

^l Wrough 

§, 2. FLANDERS. 


mttitsi. 3 

^ting Iflandj 
fl to ftrong 

rch with a 
Miles Nortl 
'fnt Temple) 
'lately CatI 
'frs than 6c, 
'A^^ in whil 
"d. (5.) rI 

ts an Ech( 

F Landers [ the ancient (/4//m Belgict : And now Bound 

on the Eaft by part ot Upper Germany, on the wfc) is famo 
by part of the German Ocean ; on the North by Holland, i^ul Watcrs.i 
on the South by France ^ is tcrm'd by the Italians, Flandra-, by tl 
Spaniards, F/rfn</f« -, by the French, Flandres -, by the Gcrmzm, Flandm 
and by the Eoelilh Flanders^ fo call'd (as feme imagio) from Flandelxi 



'inces I 

)ns, am 
leis Ri 

)3f( IL Germany. 1 2 1 

phcvv to ClodUn the 2d King of France^ who flourifh'd about the 

'inning of the fifth Century. But others are wilhng rather to derive 

[trom Flandrina^ Wife to Liderkk the 2d, who was Prince of B«c, 

ad Grand Forefter of Flanders-^ and govern'd ic according to the Or- 

i^^QiChAYlemaigne and Lewis Debonnaire. 

I(t.] TJ^c ^'^ of thefe various Provinces is generally efteem indif- 
irent heahhful, yet the Moiftnefs of the Soil doch frequently occafi- 
thick Fogs in the Winter, which would prove very prejudicial to 
[J Inhabitants, did not dry Eafterly Winds from the main Continenc 
inficthe i4/r, and occafion hard Frofts for feveral Months. Theop- 
cfi[C Place of the Globe to Flanders, is that part of the vaft Pacifick 
Icean between 20$ and 210 Degrees of Longitude, with 4.9 and 51 
Agrees of South Latitude. 

I Soil] The 5o// of this Country (it lying in the 9ch Northern 
mate ) is not the fame in ail Parts, being in fome confiderably bet- 
[ than others, but yet good in all *, So fertile is it in Grain, Roots, 
I many forts of Fruits, that 'tis hardly to be parallell'd by any Spot 
[Ground in the fame Climate. In the Counties of Hanmnia and Na^ 
T, as likewifc in the Bifhoprick of Liege, are found fome Mines of 
pn and Lead, with Quarries of Marble, and feveral Pits of excellent 
il. The Length of the Days and Nights is the fame, as in the North 
Unnce and South oi England, 

CommoDitiefll.] The chief Commodities of this Country, being the 
Wuft of their Manufaftures, are Tapeftries, Worfted-Scaifs, Linen- 
m beiofciij Wrought-Silks, Camblets, Lace, ^c. 
5t, 7'|'"U 

|8atctie0. ] Near to St. Omers is a large Lake in which are divers 
(ting iHands, mofl of them inhabited, and moveable by Ropes 
d 10 flrong Poles fixt fafl in the Ground j and in one of them is a 
irch with a Monaftery of the Order of St. Bernard. (2.) At Tongres 
Miles North- Weft trom Liege ) are to be feen fome Monuments of 
ienc Temples, and other Buildings, ercfted by the Romans, (9.) In 
liately Cathedral of Antwerp (dedicated to the Blefled Virgin) are 
lefs than 66 different Chapels. (4.) At Ghent is a Tower call'd 
fjrf, in which hangs a Bell nam'd Roland, which weighs iiooo 
nd. (5.) Remarkable is the Sounding Gallery in Brujfels, which 
eats an Echo 1$ times; and Spau or Spaw (a Village in the B. of 
'i^ ) is famous all the World over, for its curious Springs of Mc- 
inal Waters. 

d and t 
r receiv 
IS Caht\ 
ime vvii 

the NV 
and., a 




*" \Ai rt 

' I 

•* V 


liflpf M 



3?rc^lj<lIjotJ;^cU0.] Archbiftiopricks in this qoiMitry arc ihofe of 


Mal'mes, Cambray, 

2£^<n)op;tc60.] BiOiopncks in this Country ajre thofc of 

Bruges y 

Bab le Ducy 

S OmeYy 

31lniljciffit(e0. ] UniverHiics in this Country arc thofe of 




il?anncr0. ] The Inhabitants of thefe various Provinces being (fo 
the moft part) a mixture of Spmijhy Fre/icft and Dutch y their Charaftei 
in general will be beft Icarn'd by confidering the refpeftive Char^ften 

}^^^^^ three Nations ( which may be fc^eh in their proper placcj] 
and comparing them one with another. 

3Lcinstiq[ge' ] The Language vulgarly us'd in f landers is thatcall'i 
the Waloony cexcepting thofe Provinces which border on Hollftndy whc^ 
the D;^^cA prevails) which is a corrupt Frenc/j, with an intermixture 4 
levcral Dutcby and many Spantfl) words. Ho\V it ditfereth from th] 
pure Frenchy will beft appear by their Patf^r Noftery which runs ik 
^s peer qui H au Cieux : fan^tfie foi t^. Nom^ adveen ton Rejam,^ 
Volonte je fait en tcrre cotnwe es(^ieux\ Dotwe nay aprdhuy no pa'm^ 
ttaten ; ^ par dome no det comme mn pardomion a nos detteux \ fy ne 
indH en tentathn-y mats ddivre nos des maux, Anfefo'ttil; 

^'^xnmnt* ] This Country ( vtr,* all thofe Provinces bclongii 
to the Spaniards before the late War, and fince reftor'd by thePeacej 
Refwtck ) doth acknowledge his ^atholick Majefty as Supream Lorj 
who ufed hitherto to rule the fame by his Subflitute ftyrd Govermia? 
neral of the Netherlands : For whofe aiTiftance were alfow'd three Coi 
ci)s, i;/;^. (i.) T\\^ Council of St ate ^ in which were tranfaflcdtl 
weightieft of the Publick Affairs ^ fuch as thofe that relate to Pd 
and War, Leagues and Alliances. (2.) The Privy Council, whichdf 
termined the Limits of Provinces, pubiifhed Edifts, and decided MJ 
tcrs brought thither by appeal fromother Courts of Judicature. (3.)T| 


Part If. Germany. 125 

Cmcil oU Finance f, to which bclong'd the care and management of the 
Fublick Revenue and Taxes, lupervifrng the Accounts of Receivers » 
and proportioning the Expence and Charge of the War. As for Levy- 
ing of Money, and Enaf^ing of new Laws. That was the Bufinels of 
the Convention of the F.ftatcs (confifting )f the Nobility, principal Per- 
Ions of the Clergy, and Deputies of the chief Cities) who ordinarily 
affemblcd at Bruxets, when call'd by the Governour General. For the 
betrer maintaining the Peace through all the Provinces, and taking due 
Care of the Standing Forces, each Province had its particular Governour 
appointed in Subordination to the Governour-Gencral. And for an 
Univcrlal Adminiftration of Juflice, every Province had its peculiar 
Provoft, whole power in Criminal Matters was reckon'd very great. 
This was the fettled Form of Civil Government in thefe Provinces, and 
thus have they been rul'd for many Years *, but what mighty Alterati- 
on are lately made, and how publick Affairs are now manag'd in 
them, fince the Acceflion of the D. of Anjou to the Crown ofSpain^ i 
need not fay. 

2lnn0.] Sec Spain, 

IRcUgion. 1 The Religion predominant in all the Provinces of the 
[Hitkrlands, oefore the dawning of that happy day of our Reformation, 
wasintirely the Doctrine of the Roman Church. But the Errors and Ab- 
kdirics of that Doflrine being openly expos'd to the World by our 
wife Reformers^ the King of Spain ( to hinder a farther Progrefs in 
that matter) fet up the moil fevere and barbarous Court of Inquifition, 
which occafion'd no fmall Difturbance, and at laft a bloody War, that 
{flded in a total Alienation of the Seven United Provinces, the other 
Ten ftill remaining in the Profeffion of the Romifly Religion ( as at this 
day ) and that in its grofiefl Errors. Chrijlianity was planted in this 
Country about the fame time with the United Provinces. 

k!4 I I 

.4 '.* 


|83mc] r ^fp^^ Germany ["containing only a part of Anc'\cm Germa^ 
I U «)', as alfo a litt e of Gaul and Illyricum, with fome of old 

\hl) :' And now Bounded an the Kafl by roland ^ on the Weft by 
Y'luncs; on the North by Denmark witiia part of the B.iltique Sea ^ and 
the South by Itafy ] is term'd by the Italians, Alta Allemagna •, by 
: Spaniards, Ale.rania alta •, by the French, Haute AllemannJ •, by the 
frmans, Ovc teutfchland\ and by the Englilh, Germany: Why fo 
Wld, is much Controverted by our Modern Criticks, {oxwcOerman Au- 
prs being willing to derive its Etymology from words in their own 
[Uni^uagc as ijaav memwn^ i. e. very much Men* Others from Gere fig- 

K 2 oitying 

I^fl < 

It ' , ' 

124 Germany* Part II, 

"ifying to Gather^ becaufe the Germans fcem'd to bean Ajjemblage of 
many Nations ^ others from Oar and Man^ to denote that they were a 
Warlike people . Some ( tho' with little ground ) would fain allow it an 
Hebrew Derivation. But the moft probable Opinion of all is, that the 
inhabitants of this Country were culled German} by the Romans^ either 
becaufe they were a fincer'e and honeft fort of People, or thereby to de- 
note that they were Brothers to their Neighbours the Gauls, 

ZiV' "1 The Air of this Country dilfereth confiderably according to 
the Situation of the varioas Parts of this large Continent. Towards 
the North, it's geneirally very Cold, but in the Southmoll Provinces, 
it's of the fame Temper as in thofe places of France which lie undet the 
fame Parallels. The oppofite Pla* e of the Globe to Germany, is that 
part of the vaft Pacifick Ocean betwixt 215 and 225 Degrees ot Lon- 
gitude, with 45 and 55 Degrees of South Latitude. 

^otl. ] The Soil of this Country ( it lying in the 8th, pch, loth, and 
1 ith North Climate ) is very different according to the Situation of its 
different Parts. In the Southern Circles, as alfo thofe in the middle 
Part of the Continent, particular'y the Vpper and Lower Rhine^ there is 
hardly any Country in the World can excel them for plenty of Fruits, 
Corn and Wine .- But towards the North, namely the two Saxonies and 
Wel}phaHa, the Soil is nor near fo fertile, efpecially in Wine (Grapes 
never coming to full perfection there ^) however, as for Corn and Pa* 
ifurage, they are abundantly furnifti'd vvitii them •, and the whole Coun- 
try in the main is tolerably pleafant, healthful and profitable, abound- 
ing not only with all things necelfary, but alfo with many of the Com- 
forts of humane Life. The longeft Day in the North-moft Partis a- 
bout 17 Hours ;. The (hortcll in the South-moft, 8 Hours |, and the 
Nights proporcionably. 

Commotiftffgf- ] The chiof Commodities of this Country are Corn, 
Metals, aJlom, Salt, Win«, Fleih, Linen, Qiiickfilver, Armours, and 
Iron- Works, fyc. 

lHaretfC0. ] Wh3t things do moffly Merit the Epitliet of ^.r»e 
and Curious in this vafl Counrry, are reducible to thcfe followingi 
Heads; vi7^. (k) Some very objhvable Springs i, as That near Gecsb(ici)\ 
in Alfuce^ vvhofe Top is covered with a foul fat oily Subffancc, ordi- 
narily us'd by the Peafants thereabouts, as common Wheel Greafc: I 
Another near Fader bom in PTcl^haliUf call'd jyiethorn, which hath 
three Streams very different from one another, both in Colour, Tallc 
and (Qualities ; and a Third in the Diocefs of FaJerborn^ obfervable in 
tiiai ii {ofcth it fcif twice every 24 Hours, returning always back at the 
Tntcrval of 6 Hours, and that with fuch Violence as to drive three 

r, ordi- 
Greafc : 
:h hath 
able in 
:k at tke 
vc three 

Part II. Gcrmaffy. 125 

Mills not far from its Sourfe. Here alfo arc many Salt ^prln^Sy parti" 
cuUrly chat near Lunenburg^ in tlie D. of Lunenburg-^ another at HaU m 
L'pper Saxony, and a third at SalT:!:wedel\n the Marquifare of BrarJen- 
tHr^. To thefe we may add a vaft multitude of Springs, whofe Waters 
are highly rriz'd both for Purging and Bathing, efpecially the latter; 
as particuKirly thofe at Stugartm Wirternhnrg -^ thofe at Aix le Cbaielle 
in fft'/f,/'/j;i//\t ; and thofe in the Marquifate or Buden, from whence the 
wh )le Country derives its Name. (2.) Some flrangc kind ot Lal-a ; 
parei.uiarl) 'hr.t in Carnioia^ call'd the ZhchnUzer Sea, in length about 
two German M'les, and one broad \ Oblcrvable for its many fubtcri ane- 
oas Caves and Paifages, into which both the Water and li(hcs of die 
lake do yearly retire in the Month of /.v/j?, and return again about 
September, As alfo another in Suablt-^ the Nature of whofe Waters is 
fuch, that they aftually fingc Fifhing-Nets, when funk to the bottom. 
(^.) Remarkable Caves^ particularly that near Blakerbnrg in Lower 
Smny. commonly cali'd Bumans Hole •, of which none have yet found 
the End, tho' many have travelled a vaft way into it: on purpofe to 
come at the fame. Another calfd Gfott') Propetfch'm, with many other 
fubterraneous Caverns in Carniola, near the Zrchmtxer-Sea. abovemcn- 
tion'd. And finally that near Hamelen (about 50 Miles from Hanover) 
at whofe mouth ftands a Monument expreffing the Lofs of 130 Chil- 
dren, who were fwallowed up alive in that very place above 400 
Years ago. But according to a certain Tradition in Tranfylvan'ia, thofe 
Children were tranfported thither, there being many Perfons in that 
Ceuntry, who, to this very Day, do own themfclves for their Pofterity. 
(4.) Stately Edifices^ efpecially fome famous Cathedrals, as particularly 
thofe of Strasburg and Magdeburg^ fin the latter ofwhich are 49 Altars) 
as alfo that of Vim, remarkable for its curious Organ, fo much talked 
of, it being 95 Foot high, and 28 abroad ; being iikewife furniflVd with 
i5 pair of Bellows, and having Pipes of fuch a prodigious Bignefs, that 
the largeft of them is 15 Inches Diameter. (5.) Some Ohfervable Rocks 
and Stones, particularly thofe two Rocks nigh to Blackcnbur^, (above- 
mcncion'd) which naturally reprefent two Monks in their proper Ha- 
bits, afld that as exaftly as if defign'd for fuch •, and near to Blackenburg^ 
arefcveral Stones dug out of the Ground, having on them the Repre- 
fentation ot divers Animals, efpecially Fillies in a neighbouring Lake ; 
and fometimes the Refcmblance of a Man. In another Lake, in the * 
[Earldom of Mansfield, are Stones exaftly fhap'd like Frogs and various 
ores of Fifhes. Add to thefe the Remarkable Stones commonly found 
pen Mount Calenberg ( about two German Miles from Vienna ) having 
he lively ImprelTion of Trees and Leaves of Trees upon them: As alfo 
Quarry in thofe Parts, out which are dug feme Stones equally 
nnfparent with refin'd Sugar-Candy. (6.) Many choice Cabinets of 
"arcties, efpecially That in the Palace of Infpruc^, with another atDref- 
fij but the chief ©fall is that in the Emperour's Palace at Vienna, 

K 9 whole 


126 Gerwdfiy. Part H. 

whofc Curio»>ies are fo vaflly numerous, that a bare Catalogue of them 
iT.akes a compleac Volume in Folio. (7.) Ac Ment^^ is a Modern Cu- 
I'iofity which is carefully kept, and onur.only (hewn to Strangers v'l^. 
a LeafofF/irchmcnt, on which arc fairly written twelve differentVorts 
of Hands, with variety of Miniatures and Draughts, curioufly done with 
i Pen, and that by one Thomas Schuviker^ who was born without 
Hands, and perform'd the lame with his Feet. As for the faninus 
Tun of Heidelburg (being 31 Foot long and 21 high, before 'twas de- 
ftroy*d by the French in the late War ) the fame was fo well known that 
I fhould hardly have faid any thing of it. Lajily^ To thele Remark^ 
ables in Germany we may here add the D ominic arts -Chz^cl in the City 
of Bertii tho' belonging to Sw trerland^ in which is ftill to be fcen an 
Artificial /fo/e, or a narrow Fafiage between that Chapel and one 01 
the Domimans Cells, which Me is ftill fbown to Strangers, as a laft. 
ing Monument of one of the greateft ChfaPs that was ever yetdifcover- 
cd in the Church of Rome: I mean that notorious pretended Miracle 
which the Dom'mkans impos d upon the World, towards th«? beginning 
of the 1 5 Century, to confirm their part of that Controverfie which 
w?5 hotly toffed between them and the franc'ifcans concerning the Im. 
maculate Conception of the BleiTed Virgin. The paffage is fo well known 
that I ftiould hardly defccnd to Tarticulars, even fuppofirg this were 3 
proper place for fuch a Narrative. 

31rcI)W(I)o»?lCfejff. ] Archbilhopricks in this Country are thofc of 







} '/ague 



IBifbop^iCfejy. ] Bidiopricks in 

this Country arc 

thofc of 

iMetT^^ Brandenburg^ 



Touly //avelbergf 



Verduiif Spire, 



Lkge, Worms, 



Atuni^er^ Strasburg, 



Mindeny Wurtxpurg^ 



Ofnaburgj Akhflat^ 



Me'ijfen, Vaden, 



Maesburg, Ghur, 



Naumburg, HViejhe'im^ 


K oninifgrati 


Part II. 




i. '^m 

{BnltcrfiHcfl" ] Univerfities in tliis Country are tliof;^ of 







Rofl ck, 


Fravcfort on Oder, 

Mar pur g, 













^anner0.] The Hii'h Germans arc generally reputed a very folid 
andhonelt fort ot' People. The trading; part ot 'em are found to be 
cxtreamiy fair in their D alings, and ambitious to keep up the fo much 
renowned Sincerity of their Worefathers. Thofe who betake themfcjves 
cither to Mars or Minerva ( clpccially the former ) prove commonly 
very worthy Difciples This I'eople hath likewile a mighty GcnijjjL- 
for Mechanical fort of Learnings and feveral cf themsK ^ ^n ^ n^ iov 
fome fingular Inventions, particularly that of i^^cf^sri) Intirumcntthe 
C»«, accidentally difcovtrcd by one i^at^-^hins Siv.irt a Frier, when 
making a Chymical Experimef?f \Tith a Crucible fee over the hire, ha- 
ving L It-pctre and Sulphur, and other fuch-like Ingredients, intcrmiKt, 
They arc alfo faid to have found out that mo(\ ufelul Art of Frinting:, 
hnhc //oil angers do eagerly deny them the honour of f/;.zr Invention, 
afcribing the fame to one Laurence Cofter of f/nlem-, and upon i\r\t[ 
[enquiry, it appears that the Germans had indeed the firll hint of this 
Arc from //olland-, and that they only improv'd and perfected the fame 
jat MentT^, The moll noted of the many Mechanical Operations of this 
People of late, is that curious Watch of the Emperor Ch-vles the Fifth, 
fet in the Jewel of his Ring ; as alfo that Clock ot the h\\et\(jr of S^x. 
m, fixtin the Pommel of h's Saddle. As for \ he Iron Fly and 
jv/oodcn Eagle of Rcg'iomontanus^ they are fo well known, that it's fu- 
ll crtluous even to name tliem^ only tins i may add, that the firfl Inven- 
tior.and Contrivance ot rhd latter ( r'lo' commanly attributed to Ilegi' 
\mmtanus ds well a^ rlie former; ,5 deny 'i hirh by A.Gellius^ wlio 
hunbts tfic honour o^ that curious piece of Mechanifm tothc Ingenuity 
\^i Arch)tai» 

language, j The I anguage here us'd is that call'd the High Dutch 
3 Language very Ancient, Jifi6 generally efleem'd both Noble and 
Manly in the Pronunciation , more becoming a General than a Courti- 
er. None of the Weftcrn faropean Tongues hath Icfs Affinity with the 
Urin than it has. The Maternal Languages of feveral Kingdoms and 
different States in Europe, are Originally from the German. It's nov« 
divided into a great many Diale^fs, very different from one another: 

K 4 The 



: H 

128 Germany. Part II. 

The purefl of which is generally efteein'd thxt fpokenof in Mifn'u.Pitir 
Noficr in the High German runs thus : Viifcr l^atter der du bij} in bimmil I 
geheyliget we^de deinNahim. Zukomm uns deinRUch ; dcin wille gi(ck\\i\ 
uferden, wieim bimmel. Vnfer tczglich brodt g'lbbuns heut : und vergebut}! 
unf>'r fchuldty a!s rvir vergoben iinfem fchiiLl'Kern und fuchr uns wcht in\ 
Veriuchung •, fonder erUfe uns vom ubd. Amen, 

dPotJCrnment ] This great Body comprehends above three hundred! 
different Sovc.eignries, but all (or moftof them) are Homagers to ont I 
Head, own d as Suprcam ^ vii:. TIic Emperor oi Germany. TheEm^ 
pire is cicftive and Govcrn'd by Dyets, almoft like the General Eftates 
of Fiarce Tiieftanding Law of the Kmpire ( whicii bindeth all the 
feveral vScates as the various mcmbersoi' one Body ) is t\\cCivil ox h- 
ma.n^ mix'd with tl;c Cinin; to which add the ancient Cuftoms of tlic| 
Germarr^ and the various Statutes of the Dyets made from time to time, 
The feveral States luive their peculiar Laws obligatory with'.n rheni- 
fci'ves. The whole Kmpire being divided into Ten Circles, eachotl 
*em ( excepting Belgium^ or the Circle of Burgundy^ which now is aj. 
low'd '^ Vore in the Dyet ) hath one or more Dirc^ors who prefideat 
their Alfemblies; vit^. ¥or Wel}phaHa^ the Bifhopof Munfter indDuk] 
ot A/t'n'Ae^'^g are Dire^ors. VorLoia^crSaxfinyzrcthcMarqucfsoi Bnn- 
denburg ( now King of prujia ) and Duke of Brunfw cl^ by turns. Fori 
Vf'per S.,xony is the Eleftor of Saxwv late King of Poland, For the 
Lower Rhine is the Archbifhopof /»/!?«rr. For the Vpper Rhine are the 
Eleftor Fdlatne and Biihop of H'nrms, For Franconia, are the Billiop 
of Bawbergy and Marquefs cf Culemback. Vox Six'abia^ are the Duke 
of Wirtemberg^ and BiOiop of Co'i}ance. For Bavaria^ are the Elcftor] 
of Bavaria, and Archbifliopof Saltrburg. And \dLii\y Auilria^ it s Di- 
redor is the Arch Duke of Auftria^ or his Imperial Maiefly. Two orl 
three Circles may meet when one of them is attack'd from without, or| 
in any Confufion within. The General Dvets confift of three Bodies, 
▼iz. Efecforut princer^ other Pr;nces^ and I 'nperijl Cities. But more par- 
ti ularly; In this great Body wc may rcdu-.c all Soveraigntics to rhefc| 
FivCj namely, 

1 he Fmpcynur^ The FccIefiafticX- Princes^ 
The Elecforj, The Secular i'rincesy 

The Fret: Cities. 

I. The Em^er'iur^ who C being of the Houfe of Auflria ) doth i\jiv:^ 
three forts of Dominion, i^/r. that of ><////>•/*« as Hereditary -^ B^hem 
as his Ki{»,ht •, and Hingayy by F.Iet'fion. In his Life time he raufah 
his own Son or Brother, or ( failing of chcfe) one cf his ncareO Knf- 
men to be Crowned King of H'AhgAry^ afterwards King of Bobcru; 
and then ( if the Elf-e^ors arc willing ) he is Chofcn King of rhe 
^ mats., whereby Jic is iJucccfTor rrcfumptive to the F.nipirc. T'fl 


Part 11. Germany. 129 

Port'cr of the Emperour is much im|[)air'd by levcral Capitulations be' 
twixt him and the Princes of the Empirf:. It's true, that only he can 
confer Honours, create Princes, affranchifc Cities, inflitute Univerli- 
ties, and fuch like: Yet as to the Lcgiflative Power, and that of Levy- 
ing Taxes upon the whole Empire, that is wholly lodg'd in the Gene- 
ral Dyec conjunftly with him, and by a late Capitulation, he is not to 
enter into Alliance, or make War with any Foreign Prince without 
Confenc of the Electors. However, if we confider only his own Here- 
di ary Dominions, he is a Powerful Prince \ and to fupport the Gran- 
Ideur 01 the Imperial Dignity, he is ferved by the greateft Princes of the 
Empire j is addredcd unto by the Auguft Title of Cje/<<r ^ and the Am- 
biiTidors of all Crown'd Heads and Free States in £/(r^/>e, give place to 
jihofc fent by him, at what Foreign Court foevcr it be. 

li. Ele^orfy who are now Nine in Number, vix_, thefc following : 
I'r.) The Archbilhop of Mayence^ who is Great Chancellor of the 
tiiipire in (/t?r/w4«y 1 fits on the Empcrour's Right-hand in the Dyer, 
(anHd'd formerly Crown the King of Bohemia. (2.) The Archbimop 

Tr s or Treves^ who is Great Chancellor of the Empire in France-^ 
duns the firft Vote in Elefting the Emperour •, and fits over-againfl 
|liimii the Dyet» ^g.) The Archbifhop of C«/o^n, who is Great Chan- 
cellor of the Empire in Italy, claims the firfl Vote in chufing the 
ving of the Romans \ fets the Crown on his Head^ and fits next the 
Emperour. (4 ) The King of Bohemia (who hath only a Seat in the 
:ehon ) is Cupbearer, and in the publick Proceffion, walks next the 
Emperour or King of the Romans, (5.) The Duke o( Bavaria, who 
fs Greic Steward ; and in time of the publick Proceffion, carrieth the 
jlobc before the Emperour. (5 ) The Duke of Saxony, who is Great 
Ijrihai of the Empire ; and at the publick Proceffion carrieth the 
baked Sword before the Emperour. (7.) The Marquefs of Bran- 
p^'ur^.^ f now King of Pm^ix ) who is Great Chamberlain, and at the 
nblick Vroceffion, carrieth the Scepter before the Emperour, (8.) The 
[rinre Palatine of the Rhine, who is Great Treafurcr-, and in the Pro- 
rfion at Coronations, f actereth Medals among the People. (9.} The 
^inch Eleftor is Ertielhis Augullns Duke of Brunfwick^ Lunenburg, Hano- 
k who was added to the Elcftoral College in the Year 1595. Thefc 
rnnres have much greater Authority, and enjoy more ample Privi. 
p than the other Frinces of the Empire. To them belongcth not 
K a Right of F.Ieding the Emperour and King of the Romans ( as 
jtofcfaid ) butalfo fome allow them even a Depoling Power. When 
Jc Emperour calls a Dyer, he is obliged to ask their advice •, and du. 
pnan Intcrreign, two of them ( vit^, the Elcftors of Saxony and Ba^ 
m ) have Power to govern the Empire ; the jurifdirtion of the 
[rnicr extending over the Northern, and th^it of tl>c other over the 
phcrn Circles of the Empire. 





'1 ''m 






a ! 

^30 Germany. Part flJ 

IIF. Ecclefuflick PYiHces who (bcfidesthe firfl three Eie(^ors)ard 
chiefly thefc following, 1//^. Archbifhop of Saltthurg [ Great MafteJ 
of the Teutonkk Order ] the Bifliops of Lieg e, Munfler^ Spire, Woms] 
WuYt:^btirg, Strasburg^ Ofnahnrg, Bmberg, Paderborn, &c. and many 
Abbots and AbbefTcs who are AbCoIute over the Temporality of theii 
Benefices 5 The Eleftion to their various Dignities belong*^ wholly td 
their feveral Chapters, and they govern the People in lubjeO.on ta 
them as Sovereign Princes, without any cognizance of a highe 

IV, Secular Princes^ who are chiefly the Dukes of Lunenburg, W{r\ 
tembiirg, Mecklenburg, Sax laHenbuyg,6cc, Marquefiof Baden, a/evjj 
tach, &c. The Landgrave of Hefsy Princes of Eafl-Prkxjand, A/^jfaa 
Anhalt, &c. Counts of Solms, Avers burg, &c, and many other Duke 
Marqueffes and Landgraves t, as alfo fome Karis and Barons who cxercii| 
a Sovercigu Power over thofe irt their own Dominions. 

V. Ptree Cities, wliich are either Imperial or Hans Tov^nt. Impcri 
Cities are thofe who bear th^ Eagle of the Empire in their Arms, am 
have right to fend their Deputies to the Dyet uf the Empire. Hm 
79wns are thofe, which, about the End of the 13th Century, ..itrcl 
into a firm League of mutually affifling one another in • ime of Dl 
llrefs; as alfo in carrying on fuch a Kegular Commerce as might unf 
verfally tend to their advantage, and the publickgood of th' Empir^ 
"Which Society e ncrtafed to the Number of eigh'-y Cities, who en 
;oy'd great Privileges, rtnd exercis'd a peculiar Jurifdittion amon 
themfclves. For the bcrtcr Adminiflration of which, they were dl 
vided into four Circles, diftinguiflrd by the Names of lour principj 
Cities, in which were citablifh'd their Courts of Judicature^ vi7(^. Lubec\ 
Cologtty Brupfivick, TiwAD ant tick. But this Society hath been on t!i 
declining hand almoft two hundred Years, and is now become very ij 
confiderable ? 

Chief Courts in Germany for hearing and determining the Grcl 
Caufes of the Empire, are two, v)X' The Imperial Chamber^ and Cki 
her ai Vienna, (I.) The Imperial Chamber ( confiflng of fifty Judgd 
ralfd Affejfors, whereof the Emperour appointcth the Prelideiit, d 
four of the Principal Officers-, each of the Eleiftors chufing Onj 
and the rcfl being nominated by the other Princes and States of til 
Empire ) whofe bufmefs is to determine all Difpurcs which arife froj 
time to time between the Princes j as alfo other Caufes brought thithj 
by Appeal from Interior Courts. The Seat of this judicature wa^ to 
merly at Spires^ but now at Wetflar in Heffe, (k.) Tht Chambit \ 
Vienna^ whofe Office ic is alfo to decide all Caufes brouf^ht to it! 
Appeals from Fnferifjr Courts, and claims the fanrie Authority wirh tj 
Chamber of Spires* The Scat of this Court is the Emperors Palace, aj 
cither he himfelf, or his Deputy firs as Chief, being affifled bv a coj 
petenc number of Judges, whereof feveral are Profcllors ol" tbc rj 


t Maftcj 


id man^ 
of theij 
holly tq 

i<y'-m to 
I highe 

»-^, Wirl 

:r Duke 
I exercul 

13ft If. Germany. 151 

kf Religion. In both th fc Courts the Empcrour ( as Sovereign 
^.c, and Prefident ) pronounceth Sentence when there in Pcrfon ; 
' ^'n his Abfence, thofe deputed by him, who reprefenting him- 
areallow'd to carry the Imperial Scepter as a Mark of their Dig- 
,., In particular Courts they follow chc Laws ot the Empire, which 


,nfi(t in many Ancient Conllitutions ^ ihe Go'den Eull^ the Pacifi- 
itionof Paffitw •, as a To the Treaties of Weftphalia in the SaxoiuLivv 
|jf)|ifh'd by Charlehah ; and the Roman by the EmperoMT J u/fini an ; 
,,;h !aft they obfervc whenlbever the Saxon has not been received. 
IPrinces, States, and Members of the Empire have ( and adlually 
crcile) a Sovereign Power, within their own Territories; except in 
fliepirricular Cafes, wherein People may Appeal either to the Im- 
y Chamber of Spiresy or that ac Viennay commonJy call'd the 
(ic CounciL 


After the Government of Germany^ Switzerland^ 

y/!fj ^^ ^'^y ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ Geneva, 

y, -Ktrei 
e of 
light unl 
■ Empir^ 
who en 
)n amon 
were dl 
^. Lubec\ 
en on t^ 
le very 

:he Grcj 
ind Cki 
ty JudgJ 
idenc, a! 
fing On^ 
tcs of tl 
arife froj 
ht thithj 
e wa^t( 
ht to it 
y vvifh il 
'alace, n 
bv a io| 
I))' [be 

ll, SwttT^erland ( a large Common-wealth, confining of feveral h't- 
1 ones, 1'/^. Thirteen Cantons, every one of them being abfolute 
Jhin their own Jurifdiftion ) is under a Popular Government in the 
[ini yet not ftriftly fo in refped of every particular Canton, thofe 
Wff, Zurich^ and Lucern, being more properly under an Arijhcra- 
than any other j fmce the Authority of the Gentry doth moft 
|vail in them. However, the whole Body of the State confi- 
[das one Complex Republick, confiftcih of three diftinft Parts, 
[. The Swit3^ers -hemfelves, diftributed ( as aforefaid ) inro Thir- 
Cantons. Secondly^ Thofe States Confederate with them for 
lir common Liberty and Proteftion. And Thirdly, Tiie Prc- 
Ws fubjefted to them, whether by Gift^ Purchafe, or Chance,, 
The Body of the Cantons, is govern'd by each Canton having 
particular Magiftrate of their own chufing •, by whom ( with 
landing Council confifliig of Perfons ele^ed out of the People ) 
I particular Controverfies of the Canton are heard and determin'cf. 
when any publick Caufe occurs, which relates to all the Can- 
then each of them fends its Commifiioner vo the general Dyer, 
liich ordinarily meets at Baden ) where every Canton hath one 
^, and Matters ''» determined by the major part. (2,) Cffrfcdc- 
iStates'j The Chief of which ( befides Gent?ui ) are the Cri'^>rti , an 
Iccnt Common-wealth, govern'd in like manner as the Sxvit^ers, 
III the /* ilies of the Swfitiers, there's none more Potent than 
le. Thev f^ntred firft into a League one with another. Anno i^yi, 
laftcrwards vikh the Smt^ers in 1491. Their Country lies a- 
\l ^nacccffiblc Mountains, and hideous Precipices, and they di. 


■ m 

1^2 Germanf. 

vide thcmfelvcs into fix Parts, v'it^. The Grey League. TJie u^ 
of the Houfc of God. The League oi the fen Jurifdu^hns, ji 
Valteline, And laftly. The Countries of Chiavana and Bormio.' Sc 
believe they deriv'd the Title of Grifons from the Cuitoni of wearil 
Grey Scarfs^ when firft they entred into che League togecher. (1 
Prefe^ures of the Switxers^ particularly thofe Countries and Cities 
Bdden and Sargans^ with many other Towns and Villages fituatcdnis 
unto, or among the Alps, 

W, Geneva being a Free Republi-k, is govern'd by its ownMI 
giflraces, and is in Confederacy wich th * Onri.r of Vn;-f:^er.M 
whom itrcfembles very much in tiie Conflitution -f itsGo^enmel 
The Sovereignty of the State is lodg'd in d Cr unr:; iA Two HundrJ 
out of which a lefler Council confiding o' - wenty t ive is ci: [J 
(both which being for Life, ferve for Checks one to another) J 
finally out of thefc Twenty Five, are eleried f ,ur Princ 


V 'lom they call the 5>n^/c-fj-, who havr ^he fol'^ Manageir.cnc ofilj 
Common-wealth; except it be in lomcgreat Matrcr, as makiiij;! 
Peace or War; Offeniive or Defcnfivc Lea^iU'^s ; hearing Appeals an 
fueh like General Concerns, which ib the Buiincfs of the Great Cou) 
cil CO confidcr and determine. 

2lrmflf-l The Emperour of Germary for Armor'id Knfignsh(izxi()m 
i^ i terly, i. Barwife, -.^r^^n^and Gates of cigHt P<cccs, for Himgary\ ;.\J 

gent^ a Lion, Gulcs^ the Tail novcd, and paJTcd in Sa!t:er, Crownej 
Langed^ and Armed, Or^ for Bohemia. 5. (////ex, a Fcfk .4r^enf, fj 
A%ftrta» Party and bcndwife, Argent and A^ure. a border Qnlt 
for Ancient Burgundy, 4. Quarterly in the firfl and lafl Gula 
Caflle triple towered, (7r, purHed S^ble^ for Ca'^ile. In the fecoij 
and third Ar/]enty a Lion purple, for Leon. The Shield crcAed withi 
Imperial ffrown, clofcd and raifed in ftiape of a Miter, having bj 
twixt the two Points a Diadem furmownted with a Globe and Ciolj 
Or. This Shield environed with a Collar of the Order of the C^'j' 
fleece, is plac'd on the breaf^ of an Eagle difplayed ^'^Wd.'in a bid 
Or, Diadem, mcmbred and bcak'd Gutes, holding a naked Sword i 
t'^e right Talon, and a Scepter in the left. The two Heads figPif 
the ft ftjhrn 2nd IVedern Empire; and for the Motto are tliefe \voi(l| 
U'n .ivulff) non deficit alter. But the Empcrour's peculiar device 
f.tx fy falus Europe. 

IRrng^Ott. ] The laws of the Empire give free Toleration ton 
public k K.Mrrcifc of rliree Religions, i'/>. the Lutheran^ C<i/t «' 
and F$pifl\ and in lomr PIjccs all three Parties celebrate Dvj 
V. orfliip in one and the lame Church, at dirTereat times o\ ti 

[art II. German). 133 

as among others, at Manhe'im in the Patatwat?, before it 

ij: ruin'd by the French. The Reformation of Religion was begun 

,^i^:^ Martin Luther about 1517. and embrac'd by the Eledlor of 

.'ny^ Brandenburg^ Prince Palatke of the Rhine^ Landgrave of //ejfe^ 

J Duke oi Brunfvp'ick, and moft of the Free Cities. Whereupon 

lilowed contuiu''! V.'ars and Troubles about Religion and the Lands 

the Church, till the Year 1525. when a Peace was Concluded at 

Ln»;- where the Proteftant Religion was fecured, till Matters could 

ibecccr fettled at the next cnfuuig Dyet. At length the Religious 

jjce mGerntAny was eftablilh'd at the Dyet ac Ausburg in 1555; where 

L provided that neither party fliould annoy one another, upon the 

Lnt of Religion; and that fuch of the Church Lands and Rerenues, 

[the proteftants had polTefs'd themfelvesof, before the Peace ac Paffaw^ 

uld from thenceforth remain in their PofTeffion. The Proteflant 

[ligion was llkewife eftablilh'd by the Weflphalian Treaty in the Year 

y. And much in this Pofture did things continue till of late, chat 

pjwi^ King broke in upon the Empire, and took fomany Towns 

Cities of it: In all which he difpoffefs'd the Proteftants of their 

tbjand eftablirti'd the Exercife of the Roman Religion. And this 

harh endeavour'd to confirm by the lafl Treaty at Refwkk^ where 

i Plenipotentiaries in Conjunftion with the Emperor's, prevaiPd to 

[ert into the faid Treaty a Claufe, whereby 'tis agreed. That the 

L?i Cacholick Religion Ihall remain within the Places reftor'd by 

\[ii to che Emperor and Empire, in the fame Condition as 'tis ex- 

datprefent. And though the Proteftants long contefled, and ac 

Ifign'd rhe Treaty, with a Protcftation, that the Claufe in difpute 

old not be drawn into precedent for the future ; yet there's too 

htReafon to fear that the Popilh Party hath gain'd a confiderable 

(vantage in this Point. The various Parts of this Country receiv'd 

ij&.hc of the ble ied Gofpel at various times, and that by che preach- 

n" various Apoftles, efpccially St. Ti(>o/nrff Simamcd Didymus^ one 

I Twelve. 

V < 


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(i: ^r^'iJiuftA . . , 





'r/i*^' ^^Sw^JTfiT^ 



















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■J'ttXei* '''.-fC 



tUMVU ' 


•Xg^v n.-art: '' 






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:^ U£ 12.0 






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— - l'-"^ lllll'-^ 










(/1>S) 872-4503 

Part ir. 




Being div 

\bl} Clafs c 

im!e Chi 

M Clafs cc 


D.of J/* 

Part II. 


Concerning PoIauD* 


{48 00 1 
58 2oJ^ 


4 ■ ' " 


:■: / ( :^ j 

^ 5^ iff 

•(between {^J ^^of Long. ")! C^^»g^'^ ^^ ^^°»^ 78o. 

Breadth is about ^00, 

Being divided into three ClalTes^ t//;^. < Middle, 


preheads < ^''* "'^ 


SCkrland — 
Samogttm — 
PoUquia — — 




preheads \p,ii^^ p„p. 

^ Rofime 


Idem -I- 

i ^ 

Of all thcfc in Order. 

S* I • LithHania^ a Dukedom* 

CTrokl - 

BraflaTi»en,tc of. j^g«;» 



fid em— 
Idem — 

Novogrodeck .-^ >^ ^ Idem— «. 

D.of j/w^/f 







Idem— - 

Idem— — 



•W. to E. 

;1 W.toE, 


S I. (V 


kP '■« 


UBLI I «- ■# 



Poland. Part II, 

^. 2. Volhwia, a Province. 

Contains C Palatinate of L«c*a, W.-) ^j^-^^ Town^ J^^"jlw. coE. 
the iTcrritoryof /Cwjtp, E. J ildcmj 

§.3. Podolia, a Province. 

Contains the Pala-f/C^m/ii/ec^-) chief Tovvnll^^^jlw. to E. 
tinate of XBracklaw J Uatmj 

§. 4. Curlandy a Dukedom. 

contains {^ifr±:}^'>'^f To.„{^«r i^.toE. 

§. 5. Samogitta^ a Dukedom. 

Contains the Tcrrit. of < ^//<^nrc*— >Chief Tovvn^ Idein>S. toN. 

\Schmndenj ^Idcm^ 

§. 6. Polaquiaf a Province. 

contains 'hcPa-^^gl;— Jchicf Town{«;^^}s. .oN. 

^. 7. L/>//e 2Jftr/^if , a Province. 

^ ^ rid em ■. , ") I 

^']]^ Idem = mtci5. 

J 5 CWem, or Lwontj or Leopolis — J 

Jatinate of 

Containi the CChelm - 
Palatinatc< flf/^ — 
of {^Lcmberg 

5*. 8. PrfiJJia^ a Dukedom, 

Diridcd rRo>4/, Weflward ^rhj^u t...«« J'^'^w^^'f*— 1 w ..« e 
into 1d/c./, Eartward J^^^^^T«^^"lK.wn^x^erg}^- ^°E. 


-J. 9. im 

art II. I Part IT. Poland. ij7 

ij 9* WarfovUy a Dukedom not divided. 

Its Chief Town is Warfgw, upon the WetJTeL 

. coE. 



§10. Polomay properly fo call'd. 

-r»» M J '^^^J Lower. Northward. 
Divided mto-^i;^^^; Southward. 

Pfiia 1 

\imf con- f Palat. o(]Plo^skein 
tains the i ^Siradis 


Upper contains the Pa-C Luilm 

lacinate of ^Sandomiris 

\ iQrstw 




"Idem - 
Idem - 
Idem - 
Idem - 
Idem - 

-W. to N. E. 

•> W. to E. 

XfUdiJlMV N. of Lanficia, 

Idem *— 

ON. to S. 

> the W 

•3 /'/. 


i* . 






9. r<ir 







Part. II. 

POlar.d [a confiderable P.irt of Ancient Sarmatia Eumsc.i' 
and now bounded on the Laft by LiitleT-ntaryyu\A p;,fj 
of Mojcovia ; on the Weft by Upitr Germany ; on the North by part of ' 
Mofiova, Liv WM, and the Baltick Sea ; and on tlie South by Uung(iyj^\ 
Tranfilvania and MoUavia ] is tenn'd by the Italians and Spafiigya^ 
Polonta ; by the Frevch, Cologne ; by the G rwanf, Pokn ; and by the I 
Etiglij]\ Poland' So calTd (according to the beft conjeftuies) from 
Pou or l^ole, which, in the Sclav nic Language, fignifie a Plain or] 
Champagne Country fit for Hunting, there being none of old morel 
efteemed for that than it was- 

Ijtc 1 The y^ir of this Country is of a different Nature,accordingi 
to the Nature and Situation of the different Parts of that Kingdom J 
for in the Provinces towards the North- Weft its very cold, yet witlJ 
al very pure anr' wholfom ; but towards the North-Ealt, particii.l 
larly Litl)<ania, its not only cold, but alfo very grofs and unwhol.l 
fom; wliich chieriy riles from the vuft number of Lakes in that 
part of the Country^ whofe standing Waters fend up Infcfticusl 
Vapours, which intermixing with the Air, do eafily corrupt the! 
whole Mafs thereof. The oppofitc Place of the Globe to PoUnd, isl 
that part of the vaft Pacifa Ocean lying between 215 and 234 Degrct$| 
of Longitude, with 48 and 58 Degrees of South-Latitude. 

^0:1 ] The Nature of the Air having ftill a great influence on tli; 
Soil', the North- Weft Pro^^inces of tliis Kingdom (it lying in tin 
^t1>^ lotfi and I ith North Climate^ are abundantly fcrtil, affordlngl 
many ibrts of Grain and I-ruits, not ofjiy enough for tlie InhabL^nts 
but alio to fupply the wants of their Neighbours. In the middle parq 
of this Kingdom are fome Mountains, and thofe well ftor'd withfcJ 
vera! Minev of Silver, Copper, Iron and Lead. The Provincc<; toj 
wards the Nortli .^nd North Eaft are vci y barren in Frui'ts and Corn] 
being full of Woods, Lakes and Rivers. The longeft D^y in the 
Northmoft Parts of this Kingdom is 17 Ilours.-J ; the Ihorteft ir 
the Southmoft is 8 Hours ^^ and the Nights proportionably. 

©oiinnoCittctf.l The chkf Cof»mditics of this Country, are VV.ivl 
Linen, Boaids, M.ifts for Ships, Pitch, rich Furs, Salt, Amber] 
Pot-alhes, Soap, Corn, Uutcer, Chccle, Kofin, Tlax, Cord;ige] 
BrimilonC) &c. 

H'irittfa''] In the Cathedral of nefna \s kept an ineftlmable Treal 
fure of Gold, Silver and enamel]^' Veffels, given by divers Kings o| 
Paliifid^ and Prelates cf that Sec'^Under the Mountains adjacent rj 




»d pare 
part of! 

by the! 
) from 
'lain or! 
d morel 

|,,j 3re divers Grottos, wherein are prefcrvM a great number of 
nan Bodies, Itill inrire, altho' buried many Years ago, being 
Uhcf 1'^ black nor hard as the I giptian Muoimies; among tliele 
L\wo l^rinces, array'd in the fame llabir rhcy ul'ually woix vvlieii 
[it who arc fhown to Trav Hers by the Ruffun Monl<.s. The pKice 
t^rffhofe Bodies are prefervM is a dry laruly Ground, mucli of the 
LjN'.'iture vvith the Catacombs at Rome. In the Southern j). tr^ of 
I,W.ire divers Mountains, out of which is dug S^lt \i\ Jarge M.ii- 
[, 2, Stones out of a Quarry ; and out of otheis they dig natural 
'•\\\\y~\\ Cups, which bemg expofcil for fome rime in rhe op( ji Air, 
k;pme as hard as a Stone In the Dcfarts of Pod I a i,-, .1 tAc, vv.'iOle 
liters condenfe into folid Salt, and that purely by the licit (^f the 
ta Near toCrJCO'via are the Minis of 5<s.'-G. Wi»>;(?, vviiich b^!ng 200 
jithoms deep, do conlbntlv employ <.bove icoo Me,'» and yjej'd a 
IftRevcnue to the King. Near to ( ulrn, in tlie I). Pruj a, is a i'oun- 
(in which conftantly fends forth a mighty fuJphurcouj Stciiu, jnj 
It its Waters are never hot. 




5 in that! 

ife6\iousBg{(j)ijjf|j0p;[{ck0.] Achbif^o^ricks In this Kingdom arc two, viz, 

*"'*"«» >s| Cncfna^ Leopol. 


~]SifI]op;iick;8 1 BijUpricks in this this Kingdom are thefe following, 

ice on the 
g in tliel 

Q withfcfctbeifitic^.j Univcrpties in this Kingdom are thofe of 
linces to<l 

Konnshergy Pofna, filna. 




raufumhtrg , 











ind Cornj 
ly in thd 


lorteft i 


m\tx% ] The P landers are generally Men of handfom, (all and 

l-proportion'd Bodies, Men of a good and durable Complexion, 

offo ftrong and vigoious ConiHtutions. that many of *em prove 

are VVrixHb^ii of Soldiers, being able to endure all the Fatigues of a Mi irary 

Ambt» The Nobility and Gentry mightily aifecl: the greareft I'omp and 

Cordag-Ji^cur they can, whether in Diet, Apparel or I'lqnip.ige. Many of 

aieof fucli a generous Temper, that we may rather reckon thrrn 

faff than Liberal The Art oi' DilTiinulaiion is of no gieat vogue 

)le Trcatf"^ them, mofl of the better fort being of a fair and ilowmiglit 

||r»j^ j^BvcrHition. They expcd ;\ great deal of Ref|:.e£f, nnd \>.'hcre 

iacent rH''S'^'*^"' thfjy never fajJco m^ikea fuinbk Rcuun. They arege- 




I H» 

■■* 'iB- 



' I' '■''4 'VIh 



!;■' ■•" 

••.■ \M 

I « , 

<l« f 


■' 1 . 

140 Poland. Partlij 

nerally reckon'd very affable and courteous to Stangers, cxtrcmelj 
je lous of their Liberties and Privileges, but moft Tyrannical tc 
wards the meaner fort of their own People, treating the Peafani 
no better than meer Slaves ; and in feme Places they excrcife a Po3 
er of Life jnd Death upon their Domeftick Servants: Which aj 
folute Power and fcverc Ufage of the Nobles towards the Comml 
n:ilry, together with the many Feuds between one another, haj 
produced not only many lamentable Difo- ders in this Kingdom,bj 
alfo occafion'd the final Revolt of the Coffsch. One remarkable qJ 
lity of this People, is their fingular Care in Inftrufting of Youl 
in the L»tin Tongue, which Perfons of moft Ranks do ufualj 
fpeak very fluently ; yea, and even many of the Female Sex area! 
good Proficients therein. 

I^angaafe.] The Vaks being originally defcended from the SclA 
do ftill fpeak a Dialeft of the ScUvonian Tongue ; but the Povcif 
and Barrennefs of their Language, has oblig'd them to borrow 
ny Words from the Germam^ efpecially Terms of Art. It is h^ 
for Strangers to learn the fame to perfcftion, the Pronunciation! 
ing extremely harfli, by reafon of the vaft multitude of Confonaj 
they ufe. The Lithuanians have a particular Language of their o\i 
which mightily abounds with corrupted Latin Words. In Im 
they have a Language peculiar to themfelvcs, which is a Dialed 
the Lithu nian ; however, the German Tongue doth moftly preJ 
in fcvrral Cities, and the Ruffi^^n in others. Pater Nojier in the 
lijh Tongue runs thus : Oyeza nafz ktory tejics vp nicbijjich jmc 
jmie twoie : Trzydz kr4 ^vco towie^ badz wola twM jake w ntie, tt 
waziani. Chle^a n^fzego povcs red'He day nam dz'fziajf. Vodpaft 
fiafze winy^ jackoy^y odpuf{czan-y r/afzym rvimwayzom* Tnie wwodil 
na na ^okufzcnie: a le nas zabw ode zlcgo. /Imen* 

eoijernment.] The large Body of Voland is fubjeft unto, andl 
vern'd by its own King, who is Eleftive, and that by the Clcj 
and Nobility alone, the Commons having no hand in it. The 
in clefting their King, ever fincc the days of 'Jagello a lithu 
( who united UthuauiA to Poland) have commonly obferv'd thisl 
xim, viz. not to chufe a King from among their own Nobil 
but rather out of fome Foreign Princely Family; thereby tof 
fcrve the better an Equality among the Nobles, and prevent DJ 
ftick Broils. However, of all Foreign Princes, theyinduftric 
avoid the Houfe of y^uftria, left a King from thence ihould finJ 
ways ro treat them in the fame manner, as that Hpufe has alrj 
done the Hungarians and {Bohemians* The Folijh G'Vtrnmcnt is te 
Monarchical, but ( if rightly condder'd) wc may reckon it rj 
a Real J'tjkiracy ; the Nobility in their EleCkions having fo lir 

m II 

part n. 



nical t 
fe a Po 
icr, ha' 
able Qi 
of Youi 
lo ufua 
ex arc a 

the Scli 
he Povc 

It is h 

In Li 

lilie King's Power, that without the Confent of the States-General, 
i'lny neither make War nor Peace, nor do any thing of Impor- 
ice that concerns the Publick. Confidering the true Nature and 
cnftitution of this Government, we may eaJily imagine, that 'tis 
:.{quently liable to Inter-reigns, whether by De/tth, De; option or 
,i,.niitiotJ, a$ alfo intcftine Broils and Commotions ( witnefs the 
^iiUtlion) when the Parties elefting jar in their choice. During 
Infcr-reign, or when the King is abfent from his Kingdom (as 
jmttimes in the Field againft the Twh ) the Archbilhop oiGnefna 
o(li ordinarily officiate .-is King j but if no Archbiihop of Gnejm, 
;n the Bilhop of Ploczh cxcrcifcth that Power; ind in cafe that 
e be alfo Vacant, then the Bifhop of Foftia undertakes the fame. 
!)e whole State is commonly confidefd as divided into two prin- 
3jl Parts '^'^- fhe Kingdom of Poland^ and Grind Diitchy of Litbui' 
> The great Wheels of Government in both of thefe are the 
\^ni^nAGene^»l Diets* TliQ Senate is compofed of Archbifhops, 
lliops, Palatins, Principal Caftellans, and Chief Officers of the 
ingJom. The General D^t confifts of the fime Members, together 
ith Delegates from each Province and City, both of the Kingdom 
Dutchy J which Dyet is either Ordincry^ as when fummoned 
liccording to Law) once every two Years ; or Extraordinary, a? 
lien call'd by the King upon fome emergent Occafion. The cal- 
In Injjugof this Dyet is always perform*d by the ('hancellor's Letters, 
la DialeQKrni'cl Liters InJ^rutlionii to the Palatmes, acquainting them with 
3ftly pre«atthe King defigns to propofe to them, and the time he would 
f in the fcthem come to Court. Having rcceiv*d the King's Propofal, 
h /w»^'«fh of them hath full liberty to cxamin the fame in its own Na- 
nt'ie, Wreand Confequenccs, and to return their Thoughts about it with 
rW/»/i/cMthe freedom they can defire. The King's Letters are likewife 
e wWiJ^tto the Gentry of each Palatinate, to chufe a Nuncio to be their 
Itprefentative in the Dyet; in which Elcftion the Candidate mufl: 
unanimoufly pitch*d upon ; for if the Suffrage of only one pri» 
f^» ^"^K Gentleman be wanting, the Eleftion is void, and the Province 
^"^^'•^■depriv'd of its Vote in the approaching Dyet. The Lleftions 
^'j'^ Wing over, and the various Senators and Nuncios come to Court, 
^'i u" ■ ^"^* arrayd in his Royal Robes, and attended by the Chan- 
^ V iw" '^' f^^^ws the Propofal in their Publick AiTembly. The Pro- 
" ^°"Wal having been duly weigh'd by each of them aforehand, they 
rcby tojjjg ^q ^ fpeedy Refolution in the Matter, cither Pr9 or Co^i. As 
aforefaid Eleftionofthe various Nuncios requires an unani- 
Ills Aflent in all Perfons elefting, or elfe the Eleftion is void ; 
info the thing propos'd by the King, in the General Dyet, muft 
ilFented unto by all, otherwife the Propofal was made in vain ^ 
ifthcy differ, (which frequently happens) then the Dyet breaks 
without doing any thing, and each Member returns to his own 

L 3 Home* 

event Dij 


^uld find 

has i\i\ 

Unt is te 

Lon it \\ 

ig fo U 

V •*''! 





) . 

:• M 


■ 1, 

■! ■ \ 


• ] 1 .'it 








I ; 




Part 1] 

Home Subordinate to the Senate and Dyet, are a great m-m 
Courts of Jujjcarure, whether Ecclcfiaftical, Civil, 01 Milit^p! 
for Jettfrminipg all Caufcs in the various parts of the Kingdr^' 
which Courts are much the Tune with the like fuborduistc judic ' 
foi ic^ in other civilizM Countiics oi' Europe , particularly thole hci 
in l-nglan '■. > 

<art:ts. Yf^e ^^^j of the Crown of Poland^ are Quarterly, in r'd 
fin't ^.nd fouith Gules, an Eagle Jrient^ Crown'd and ArmM (>, jj 
Polind In the fccond and third Gulcs, a Cavalier arm'd 
y^rp^ent, in thc^ Dexter, a mkei Sword of the fame ; in the Sini ::rj 
a Shield Jzurs, charg d with a double barr d Crofs, Or, mounted, 
a Courf:;r of the ftcond, barbed of tlie third, and neil'd of rli, 
fourth, for Lithuania. For the Creft, a Crown, heightcn'd wirj 
eight Flu rets, and closM with four Demi-circles, ending in ^ 
Monde, Or, which is Crefi: of Poland. For the Motto are thcfJ 
Words, Hahnt fua /ide^'a Reges» 

Kclijton.] The Inhabitants of this Country areCfor themoOparr 
ProfefTors of the Doctrine of the Church of Row^; yet all Keligtom 
being tolerated, here arc m.iny of theGrr.te Church, as d]fo ylrmmn. 
LuPhcTMns, Socinieins, Calvimih, Jews, f'^'ak^fSy Sec. Thofe of thi 
Church of %«^ are difpersM over all Parrs of tlie Kingdom, bm 
tnoft numerous in the J'roviiiccsof Cfj-^ix'U and lV<irfe'Via : The 1% 
therans are moftly to be found in Pnijji^ ; the Amiemam in Rtt/<r, an 
all the rellanP'^M' in great Droves thro rhc various Parts v.'i Litl.n 
nia. Bc/ides, ^mogitin is a foi t of People, who differ litrle or n 
tiling from niter Heathens. The Reformation of Religion bt' 
this Country, j^rnio 15:35. but did not meet with due Fncourj^; 
ment The Chriftian Faith was planted in the various Parts of p 
land at fcveral timet, and by fevera! Perfons ; it being cftabblli'd i 
Pohvr-'i, properly fo called, Jr.7:o c^f^:;. in the time of rheir i'riiici 
MicciflaU'^, vSon of Hcmomijlaus . In Livonidy j^nm 1200. by the /Veacsl 
ing of one )^//'/?;;?rrt.'/.f. \n. Lithuania, not until the Yeai 1-586". atr!i| 
Admidion of j^gcllo to theCrownof PoAjwrf, and then done (aslbmi 
aflirni; by Thomas i'f'nUcnfiS', an EngUPvan. In ^awogitia and rolhin. 
at the fame time with Livcvia. In the 'cIV, at Other times, and u 
on other cccitficris- 

S £C1 

<>. i: 


'f : 


\' I ' 






, ^ _ ., ,„ M« -^. >>■ ,- - 


• • • •. « •• 



lA-: yuf* J 









. lire 

I'erJmti ' 









J(SfrerJ\\ .r^ 

'■'StVv-''. -*■' .• 






''■•■'•'•''•■■ji^jul^ ': 3tareti>\ 
Zmtte • • 


.. Ilautaki 






, CxftntxiiAr 




.tintrt* I' 


-■^r- " 

VA ^.» 



tA'fcir A" 


.^M'41 /. 






flJTf u 






7>3«d s'tliHtrU, 



' 4UGMtt 



[Hi i PA MIA 






«i •} 


Toitlou^ip ) Fjt A x c jt 

Carbon e o^ 







> t^Htttltfim/ 












1. ^ ^^^^i^^?^X?%^^ 



Part II. 



'Concerning Obpaltt with pOJttlffal^ 

d. m. 


-iff . *« S°8 o$\^cr^ ^:S ^Length Is about 610. 

"^yctween ^^^ 30 p' ^°"g' (^ g^ 

44 30 

f I.' 

It being divided into 3 ClafTes, i/^^.-s 2. 


]^N. to W. 

r, r tAfturia — - 

I Clafs comprc. J»^^^;^^ .^„ 




^Breadth is about 480. 

uTowards the N.and W, Ocean 

Towards the Mediterran.Sea 

3. Towards the Mid-land Parts, 

" Bilboy or Bilboa 

I/;^,„.- jE.toS. 






:, Clafs compreO^''*'''^'^' — " ^H <! 'dem- 
hends j^i»/^wf/^—- u- ' Idem- 

Arragon — 

I [ Idem S VV. to E. 




H. to N. W. 

N toS. 

Lidem S. of Ajhritt. 

Of all thcfe in Order. 

§ i. Bifctiy^ a tordfhip. 



|Conta!ns< Bi/iii> properly i 
4 Alava 


L 4 

• '. 1 

^W -jE-toW, 

Fifttria Southward 

2. JJlrU'^ 



:\^ I 



Spam with PortugaL 


§. 2. AfiurtAy a Principality. 

Contain? f^JJi^^'^ ie Ovledo 2 ruuf Town S ^^iVitf, Weftward. I 

§. J. GaSiciay a Kingdom. 

/Archbiniopr.ofCowpo/?<r/^4N £ f*Idem7 - „. ., J 

\ QMondonedo-^ } I \WemP-^'^oN.E. 

Contains thccBifhopr.of-^lMgo >£;; ^Wem^K.E.toS.wJ 


2orenfe — .— \ .!> yidem' 
•Territory ojjuy J g C Wc»! 

§. 4. Portugalj a Kingdom. 

Upon the 

Tr^f/oj Montes ^ | 

TheProvin.of^BezV^ vh 

Eftremadura l^'tJ 

The Kingdom oFyilgarve' ■ -^^ 

I Lisbone 


•N. to S 


Contains tl 





§. 5. Andalufia^ a Province. 

To thefe 

' S. of l^arb n 

I CBifhoprick of |g;» - 

^ \ Archbifhopr. of .ftv/T/e 


O I D, of Medina, Sidonia 

Idem -. E, to S. W. upott| 
Idem r^ the Gduddl^uw 
Idem ^ vir^ or nigh w 
Idem 3 it. 
Idem, Southward. 

§p6f GraHada^ a Kingdom. 

5 C n;ainn,.:rir «p J AlmerU 7^! r Idem, Southward upon theSral / 

J ' C uuaatx 

^ S Archbifhopr. of Gran Add. 
(J ( Bilhoprick of i\A4/»{^4 •— 


tj r Idem, Southward uj 
C J Idem 7 
•I^IdemSE. toS*W. 
U Q Idem^ 

^f BIlliopi 


§♦7. MtifciH 

irt II, I Part n» Sfitin with Portugal. 


§ 7. Murcia^ a Kingdom, 

Idem J E. tow. j^^^^ 

Idem, Southward upon the Sea 

. tMurciii, properly fo call'd^ ^ C 

§ 8. Valemidy a Kingdom, 

Contains the CMiV/jra^ Cr/7/<i Herm9fMf 

Provinces <Xuc0r S-Chief Town-^ I'aleneia Sn. to S. 

of li>tzura J COrigvelU \ 

§ 9. Catalomaj a Principality. 

° UfmdV>gch 

^ Lerida 
^ <> Tortofa 

Girona • 
Barcelona ■ 

W//^ Frarrca de Pan ''des 


r Idem- 


j Lldem- 

N. E. to S. W. upoa 
* the Eho. 

E. to W. nigh unto,or 
upon the Sea-Coaft. 

To thefe add the Country of RcuJ/tllon f Chief Town Ptrpignan ) 

Is. of AV^ nne in Lower Langu die. 

§10. Arrixgon^ a Kingdom. 


^f Biftioprick of\ Hmfca 

Archbilhoprick of ^ara^ol 

2^ fay or Car Jgoca • 'J/ 

c ^ SyTaracova 

|u /Bifhcprick oi KMhorazin 

[^ (JLrvcl 

g y Idem 
I ydem 

'^ -^Idem, upon the Uro 
•^ yfdem- 

N. W. to S. E 


S-N. toS. 

§11. Nx" 

;1U 14-A 

1 i Spft ':! 

!> 1 


i ^ 

, ( itl 

'' Hi 



S/^ai// with Portugal. Part I[l Part H. 

§ II. Navarre^ a Kingdom. 

- - ^ KTu-^ela — >Cniet Townr Idernx 

V Sanguefn J \ Idem y ^* ^^ ^• 

§ 12. 0/^ Caple^ a Province. 

ikips of 

r ic^d — 

Contains r\\ £ Tei- \ Son a - - 
xitorks t>f ^ O/w^ ' 


Lcgroyifio ^ \V. tO S. l\ 


^^ J hU-m ^ 

^ IJeni >E. to W.on the Do^^i 
Id fin v' 



Idem, <;6 m. -S.E.l^j. ,_ , ,, 

Lldt'm, 63 m. >. S 1 

§13. New Caflile^ comprehending Ejf/rmW/^a 

f N'rfA, the Titg\ 
Being divided into% Mirdle-, between the Ttfgo and Guadiana, 

L'^O'ith of Guadiana. 

ih^th contains 
Towns of 

/ Ctfr/»— - 
\ Pi c 71 I a- 

s the J'ldlcda 

•W. to E. 

Madrid^ - 

y^kah de 'Icnarcs VAII 3 N. E. ofTokdo, 

Guadalaxara — J 

SAlcan'ara upon the T^^a. 
,, M^ndu upon the Cuadiava 

Towns of 

■jti upon the A'«c r. 

^^TnriUo, 26 miles N. E. of MCrids. 

C,iue jti \\\ 

SBadajos • 


^iiith contains the jEiwmra ■ ^ From W. to E. 

Towns of ^ ividfid R al-' C 

§14. 1 A 

irt III PJrt I^' S^iin with Portugitl. 


§. 14. Leofj, a Kingdotn. 

the On 

•0 ./ 

/ Valencia. 
in s7o>o- 

are sZ^wor^ 
/ Leon—— 


E. to S. W. 

on the 


C.T. in. 

N. are 


Cividad Rodrjgo, S- W. of 

he Doij^ry t ii i s large Conrinenc bting now fubjeft to two diftinft So*' 

j veieigns, T;/iz, His Catholick Majefty, and the King of Port«- 

lil, I Hull Icparatcly confidcr thcfc two Sovereignties. Therefore, 


Jn:E.]] ^P j4 I N [formerly j'cria, Hefperia, by feme Spam'a ; and 
i3 now bounded on the fait by part of the Me'^^te)'raneMn 

i; on the I'i eif by Portugal ar.d part of the vafl: /^tlantick Ocean ; 

n the A'()>'f/; by the IJay of Bll /^y ; and the Stuth by the Stjeighc 

\Q:hrakair] is tenn'd by the Italians Sfagna ; by its Natives EfpSna^ 

phcFrctich^ Ejp^gne; by the Gcrjnatis, 'parieji:, and by the Enghjht 

mm ; l"o called (a;, fomc fancy) fi om a certain King nam'd Uifffltius ; 

jthcri* from (JT^ rirf, ( raritaf vel pt.nHria ) bt'caule of its fcarcity of 

mhabirjnt.s. But the moll: received Of>inion i.<;, That it came from 

Ifpilis (now Sivi'Ui) the chief City of the whole Country in former 


%x ] The yiiy of rh's Conntry \s f-.encraily very pure and ca!m, 
iing leldom infelled wiih Mifts and Vapours ; but in the Summer 
Vxrremely hot, trpeci.illy in the Sonthmofl: Provinces, that 'tis 
fcthdiingero'is and inconvenient fo«- tht: Inhabit.mts to ftir abroad 
lout Noon, trom the middle of h'ay to the laft of ^ugvft. Tlie 
Ippofire phice of th« Globe to Spjiin , is that part of Zelandia nova, 
lorfome of the ill Ivoown (!ontifient ) lying between I90 and 202 
Agrees of Lcngitudf, with ;.6 and 44 Degrees of b'outh-Lati- 





Spain with Portugal^ 

Part III 





^oil-J The iSb// of this Country (lying in the 6th and 7rh North 
Climate) is in many Places very /5r;and Barren^ feveral of the in. 
land Provinces being either overgrown with IVooh^ or cumbred withl 
iandyand rockyMtf«wri/wj,and others (whod' Soil is naturally fertiljl 
are for the moft part wholly reglefted, lying wafte and uncultiva- 
ted for many Years, and that by reafon of the Fewnefs (or rather) 
the deteftable Lazinefs of its Inhabitants. But this defeft of CornJ 
and other Grain (which arifeth partly from the Niture of the Cott«, 
try^ but more from the Temper of the People) is fufficiently fuppiied 
by various rortsofexcellencfrM/fjandrr/>;t'5, which with little Art 
and Labnur are here producM in great Plenty. The longeft Day ir 
the Northmoft part of ihisCoMw^^, is about 15 Hours;*: > thefliortl 
eft in the South, is 9 Hours ^, and the Nights proportionably. 

CottimoDtrienf.] Thechief Co^ww&i/i/V^ of this Country, are Wincsj 
Oyls, Sugar, Metals, Rice, vSilk, Liquorifh, Honey, Flax, Saffron] 
Annifeed> Railins, Almonds, Oranges, Limons, Cork, Soap, An] 
chovies, jumach, Wool, Lamb-skins and Tobacco, ^c» 

K'TttU^.] Nigh to the City of Cadix, is an old ruinous Buildlni 
(now converted into a Watch-Tower) which fome would fain perl 
fuadf* themfelvesto be the Remains of Hercules his Pillars, lb muq 
talk*dof by the Ancients. (2) In the City Granadi is thelargj 
fumptuous Palace of the Moorijh Kings, whofe inlide is beauiifiej 
with ^afper and Porphyry^ and adornM with divers Arabick and Mofi 
ick Infcriptions. (3.) Ar Terragom in Latilovu^ are to be feen thl 
Ruins of an ancient Cirrm in the Street, call'd U Placa de U TumA 
and ^tSegovU in Old Caflile, are the Remains of a noble Aquedutj 
built by the Emp.^ror trajarij and fupported by 177 Arches! 
double Rows, reaching from one Hill to another. (4.) Withoi 
the Walls of Toledo was an ancient large Theatre, fome pat 
whereof is yet ftanding. Herealfo is an admirable Mod Tn Aqu 
du£^, contriv'd by ^vmcllm TurrUnM (a Frenchman) according d 
the Order of Pbilip 11. (5.) At Orenje in GdUicia^ are feverj 
Springs of Medicinal hot Waters, wonderfully efteem*d of by tl 
ableit Phyficians. ((50 At the City of Toledo is a Fountain, who 
Waters near the Bottom are of an Acid Tafte, but towards tl! 
Surface extreamly Sweet. (7.) Near Giudalaxara in Nerv Caftik, 
a L,ake which never fails to lend forth dreadful Howlings betorej 
Storm. (8i.) The Cathedral Church of Mm*^/^ (containing abo^ 
400 Chappchj is remjrkable for its curious Steeple, which is 
built that a Chariot m,iy eafily pfcend to the Top thereof. {9 
Many talkof a Ship of Stone, with Mafts, Sails and Tackling, 1 
be li'on la the Port odMorjiu in Ga^idx. As to the River Guini^ 

its diving under Ground, Cfrom whence 'twas formerly caird^W4*} 
ihcfameisfo notorious, that we need fay nothing of it. 

artWcpjtikia.] Archbijhpruks in this Kingdom, arc thofeof 




TJif()0p^icili8f.] Bijhopruks in this Kingdom, arc thofe of 














Tampon a, 












Cividad I^ealCf 








antiJttacwf.] Vniverfities in this Kingdom, are thofc of 




AUala de Heni' /luefca^ 

re St SaragoffXy 

Siguen^iy Tudela, 

Valencia, OJfuna, 

Leriday Onu, 




S^anncW ] Thetrueft Charafler of the Spaniard, I any where find, 
\tbit of Dr. Hey\in%, which in the main runs thus : The Spaniards 
[fays he) are a fore of People of a Swarthy Complexion, Black 
llair, and of good Proportion ; of a Majeftick Gate and Deport- 
ncnt, grave and ferious in their Carriages, in Offices of Piety 
lery Devout, not to fay Supei ftitious ; Obedient and Faithful to 
Iheir King, patient in Advcrfiry, very temperate in Eating and 
Irinking J not prone to alter their Refolutions nor Apparel; in 
war too deliberate; Arts they eftecm dilhonourable, univerlally 
liven to Lazinefs, much addii^ed to Women, unreafonably Jea- 
lous of their Wives, and by Nature extreamly Proud, 

w- w 

:M' ' 



Spam with Portugd 


1 1 




. t' 




l.ingltaje.3 Of all the living Tongues dcriv'd from the Latin tf,. 
Spanip) comes neareft to the Original, tho' no Country has bctnrnord 
harral's*d by the Irruption of barbarous Nicionschim ichas ; Yet they 
have borrowed feveral Words from tlv^ Goths and Moors, tfytciAWy^i^^] 
latter. The beft i^patiijh is generally eirccm'd that fpoki^n in t^ev.l 
Ca(iile ; and in ValeHcia ?.nd CatalotiiaW'i inoft: corru pted. Their P/if^y.] 
Nojicr runs thus ; Padye nncjiro, que ejha <w los Cichs, SantiJicaiQ f,^ 
/« Nombre ; f^ffiga a nos tu Rcpto j hagafe tu Volant ad, ajji en la tierra 
€omo en le Cielo. El pan nueUro de cada^ua da vos hoy ; y perdo}ia mt] 
vuiiiras deudas^ (tfji cumo nos otros ferdenawos a nne^ros deudons y ^4 
Ttos dexi's caer en tentation ; mas libra nos del mal. /imen* 

<£JOt)ernmcnt.J This great Body did formerly comprehend nolefsl 
than fourteen different Kingdoms, which being at length reduc'd tol 
three; viz Thofe o£ y^rragon, Caflile and Portugal^ the two formerl 
were united, j^nnO i^j-^. by Marriage o£ Ftrdinand o£ ^tragon wlm 
Jfabely Heircfs o€ Cattle ; and Portugal afterwards added by Cotig^cftl 
y^vno 1578. But it revolting, (of which afterwards) the wholeCoriJ 
tinent of Spain^ excluding Portu^aU is at prefent fubjefted to one SoJ 
vercign,tcrna'd \\'\s CathoUckM^jcily, whoi'^^ Government is MonarchtJ 
cal and Crown Heredit.4ry. The Dominions of which Prince are fo firl 
cxrended, that the Sun never fcts upon them all; and as his Terri- 
tories are very numerous, fo alio are the Titles which he common!/ 
aiTumeth, being ilil'd King of C/iiTv/V, Leon, Aragon^ Sicily, Naples, Je\ 
rujalent^ Portugal, Nitvarrc, Granada, Toledo, ralc?icia, GaUicia, MajorcA 
Seville^ Sardignia, Cordova. Corltea, Murcia, jaen, y^lgarve-, j^Igczire Gi- 
braltar ; the Canaries, Kail .ind rfi// hidies ; Ar-jh-Duke of /Jujhia ; Duk\ 
of Burgundy, Brabant and Milan ; ( o?mr of I landers, Tirol and I'arcdona 
I erd of Biicay and Mcchelin, ^;c» The numerous Cities and Province! 
of ^/>^/« are rul'd by particul.^r Govern-TS a •pointed by his Cifho^i 
lick Alajefty. as alfo tin; Durchy of A//7<r>7, th.ti Kingdoms of N^ phi 
Sicily, Sardigniat &c and the virions Parts ( f his vaft PoficlTions iiJ 
the Easl ^nd l^f^ifl-hdUs, are govern'd by their refpeftive ^/f^R»7;| 
who are generally very fvn'ere in ex.^^lmg of thcSubjedt what polfij 
bly they can during their lliort Regency, u hich is commonly limit] 
ed to three Years ; t!u' King appointing others ir^ their room, thai 
he may gratifie as many of his Gr^judecsas may be with all Convej 
niency, there being rtill a great Numbei- of them at Court, as C nj 
didates for a Government. For the better Muifgemenr of publicH 
Affairs in all the Spanijli ^^omintuns, there are rffablifh'd inthivKingj 
dom no lefs than 1^ different Councils, ^7.'i. that called the^cwi 
€il of itate. (2.) The Co::n:i! !y.(iyal, CT th:xr of Cajlih. (3.) 7/;*'.* ol 
H'ar. (4) The C<J ,'..>?<:// of .'hya.;on. (^.) That of Italy. (^J TIij 
Council of the Indies ( ) Th^tt of the C.iA>7. (8.) The CoH^ici! 


», the 


brtll' S^.iin \v\i\i Portagd. 151 

^fnifury* (g. ) That cf the Chambn. ( lo,) The Council oHhc 
/..I -ri... ^f r».r,;....^.,, (12.) Tht Cotouil oi h^q^iiifitioKm 

■> '-'.i 

)li;idi^ (11.) n^t Cf Dlj'rh.irges. . ^ 

,.)jhdt of S'avdyrc. (14-) 'I' ^t Council oi Cotifuicnce, And laftl}', 
t theJlifcallM, The of Poihy, 

Iv tH? ^H 

^^'^^■jtmff.j The King of spahi bears Quarterly ; The firft Quarter 

p^^,^"M||jtef quartered j in the fiiTtand fourth Cul^Sy a Cattle tripple- 
i*er'(1»^-^"^'^> "^^'^^ ^'^^^ tliree Battlements, <'>'/-, purfltd Sabkyiot 
Jil^In the feconrl and th'ir^Argevt^-A Lion pall'ant Gw/d 5, Crown'd, 
,-oiitM. and ArmM, ^^', for Leon. In the tecimd ^reat C>aarter, Or^ 
L Pallets, c;»/c'5, ii.)r^rr,j;;w. Parrv, Or^ four Pallets aUb 6'm/c'5, 
l;«ixt two Finches y/^^;t7^r. cliarg'd with as many E-^gles Jj/)/e„ 

rownM ^:^wrt?, for J/t/'/y. Thefe two great 

071a vt){ 

tmber'djbeak'd, andcr 


le Con 

one So 


•e fo fit 

les, ji 


ire Gi 

; Duk 




lions i 

tit poifi 
y limit 
'n , tha 
as C n 

^.; Thi 


il;j, aFt'iTe Argjrt, for /.u (hi. t, Coupie and fupported by Ancient 

mdh which is Bendy of fix Piece?, Or and y1:(urc, border'd Cuks. 

Ithefourth great Quarter J^urd, Seme of FUnvcr de Luces, Or, 

ba border Compovy Arg^m and Culcs^ fcr M( dirn Burgundy ; cou- 

Ldr, fupported 6'^/;/^, a Lion, Or^ for J' dhint, Thcfe two great 

Lrterscharg'd with an Efcutcheon, Or^ ,\ Lion Sjbk and langued 

p,for FluncL-rs, Pr.rtly, Or, cinE^^le SjoL-^ (or Antwerp, the Ci* 

tiCity of the Marquifateof the Holy Empire. For Crefi^ a 

Vn, Or, raisM with eight Diadems, or Semi-circles terminating 

\Mid, Or, The Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece en- 

jpaifes the Shield, on the fides of which itand the two Pillars of 

iks, on each lide one ^vitli this "Motto, Flui ultra. 

lligton.] The are very pnn^nal followers of, and clofc 
lerers to the Church of Rome, and that in her grofTJl Errors and 
pptior.s, taking up Religion on iliC i\-p.'b jluihority ; ar,d 
Itlk'rein fo tenacious that the King futtVrs none to live in his 
\mns^ who profef^ not tht'ir Belief (>f (he Voilfjve of the Rorn^n 
[rch. For whole Coire (i;r rather Bigoirv* in fhisMutcr, the 
Ihath confcri'd upon liim the lit h of \\\sCuhollckNi^)cjly. All 
krProft-ffions are ex\)eird by that ^ij/r/V/v. 7/ /.iw Tyranny of the 
m hh[v.ifition^ at hrfc advil'ed and iet up by Vfd'o (^ov files de 
\h{i, Archbp. of Ulcdo, and that ng >inl» i";.ch converted ^t-r^^f 
llHoon as return'd Jg^.in to {\vS\t Sup^rjlhicf: -, but of late it hath 

ichiclly returji'd upon thofc.cand others,) of the Proteflirt Com- 
t'u So indultrious are the Ecclclialiicl-s in rids Country to keep 

k whole Body uf the People in the tiiick: ft Mill ot Ignorance, 


# ■ 1^^ 

w m 

!! Ill 



Spai/f with Portugal, 


hbling N 
liicat the ( 
hm Coimbr 
L*s in wl: 
L- an E 
trunks of ' 
Li for theli 


( , 

and fo little is this Nation enclin*d of thcmfelves to make any En 
quiries after Knowledge ; that confidering thefe Things upon oj 
Hand, and the Terror of the Inquifition on the other in cafe of Air 
Enquiries, (efpecially if they have the leaft tendency to Innovatio 
in Points of FaithJ we cannot reafonably expert a Reformation! 
Religion in this Country, unlefs the Hand of Providence Jhallij 
tcrpofe in a wonderful manner. Chriftianity was planted here (a] 
cording to the old Spttnifi) Tradition; by Sz.fitnei the Apoftle, wij 
in four Years after the Crucifixion of our Bleff^d Redeemer. 

^ (H^T U G A L. 

^xm.^ 'portugal [[containing a great part of old LufiUnh, wid^isliOp^if^J^ 

fome of ancient Gallecia and Bcetica : And now Bound 
ontheEaft by Spiin, on the North by Galliciay on the Weft a 
South by part of the vaft AtlanuckOctin~] is termM by the Mk 
JPorto Gallo ; by the Spaniards, French^ Germans, and Etiglijh, Portu^i 
fo called by lome from Porto and Gale, (the firft a Haven Town,a 
the other a fmall Village at the Mouth of the Vouro) but by ot'ht 
from Portui GaBorum, that Haven (now Pono) being the Plai 
where the Gauls ufually landed, when moft of the Sea.port Towi 
in Spain were in the Hands of the Moors, 

Sir.] The Jir of this Country is much more temperate, efpej 
ally in the Maritime Places, than in thofe Provinces of J^^w.w' 
lie under the fame Parallel, it being frequently qualihedby 
fterly Winds, and cool Breezes from the Sea. The oppofite Pli 
of the Globe to Portugal, is that part of the vaft Pacifick Oa] 
between i88and 194 Degrees of Longitude, wiLh36and42 
grces of South Latitude. 

^otl.] The5o/7of this Country Cit lying in the 5th anddthAi 
Climate) is none of the beft for Grain, it being very Dry and Moj 
tainous, but yet very plentiful of Grapes, Oranges Citrons, Almi 
Pomegranates^ Olives, and fuch like. The longeft Day in theNorl 
moft parts of this Kingdom is about 15 Hours, the (horteft in I 
Southmoft is about 9 Hours ^, and the Nights proportionably.| 

CommctJittenf ] The chief Omwoim'w of this Country, are 
Honey, Oil, Mom, White Marble, Salt, as alfo variety of Fruits,] 
Oranges, Almonds, Citrons, Pomegranate Sy &c. 

Raritie*.] In a Lake on the Top of the Hill S'tella, In Portugik 
found pieces of Ships, though it be diftant from the Sea morctl 
twelve Leagues. Near to Heja, is a Laltc obfervable for its hidff 


their own 
good Qua] 
lining will 
em'd a Peo 
y have the 
to Thievi 
be very M4 

' the true 
»'i?ue, whi( 
h ^orno va te 
inikor M yjoj. 

^artlmrtll- Spaw with Portugd. 

ipon 01 
e ihall i^ 
here (ad 
ftle, witi 

••^bling Noife, which is ordinarily heard before a Storm, an:1 
JjUt the cliftance ol' fire or fix f.:;agucs. About eiaht Leagues 
u^ Coimbra. is a remarkable Fountain, vviiich Iwailows up^ or 
ji^s in whatfoever thing only toucheth the Surface of its V/a- 
■f,. an Experiment of which is frequently made with the 
[unks of Trees. The Town of Bethlem (nigh to Lisbon) is no- 
for the lumptuous Tombs of the Kings of FonugaU 

tnu, mi 
I Boundj 
le Jtiliii 
, Portugi 
; by othe 
, the PlaJ 
ort Towl 

Stti)lJiJS(l}OP?fck0.] j^rMjhopricks in this Kingdom arc thofe of 

Lisbon, Braga, Evora^ 

|5isl)0p?irk^ ] Bijhpricks in this Kingdom are thofe of 










|QniDtrfit«jf.] Univerpties in this Kingdom are thofe of 

Lisbon^ Evora, Coimbra* 

bannctjsfO The Portugueje (^formerly much noted for their Skill in 

|avigation, and vaft Difcoveries which the World owes to them ) 

; wonderfully degenerated from their Fore-Fathcrs, being now a 

|ople whom fome are plsas'd to Charafterizc thus ; That take one 

[their own Nnghbours (a Native i]pim>4 ) and iirip him of all 

sgood Qualities (which may bequickly done) r^itPerfon thenre- 

tining will make a compleat Portugtiefe. They are generally e- 

[em'd a People very Treacherous to one another, but more efpe- 

|lly to Strangers •, extraordinary cunning in their Dealings,migh- 

faddi^led to Covetoufnefs and Ufu'^y ; barbaroufly cruel where 

|ty have the upper Hand; and the meaner fort are univerfally gi- 

to Thieving. Bcfides all thefe, fome will alfo have this People 

[be very Maliciom, which they fay is the Remnant of the Jemjk 

p intermixt with that of the Portugueses Nation. 

alienage*] The Lwguage usM in this Kingdom is a Gompound of 
are ll^rxhwdSpunifii efpeciaily the latter. The difference between ic 
f FruitSiP the true spanijht will belt appear by the Pater Nojler in that 
lo^ue, which runs thus : Padre rojfo que eflofi 7?os Ceos^ Sanflificado 
ten nome: vcrih.t a vos o tea rey?}0 : feia feita a tua vontade^ afft vos 
, como Vd terra, paonojjb dc cadatia dano-lo oie neflodia* E perdox 
hhor as noff'^s diiud.vs, affi corno nosperdoamos a os nojfos dcvedores* E 
'J^ (^fxci (djr f-^ tematfOy tna/?, libra vos do mal. Amcv* 

■ M ■ 

ite, efpel 
tied by " 
jofite Pli 
fick Ocej 
and 41 

id 6th M 
and M01 
w;, Alm\ 
the Noti 
irteft in 

1 morcti 

ir its h 

^y 4 

•^ 'iM:^ 


.\ i"' 



Spiiin with Portugal. Part. II I 

(PobernmetK. ] This Kingdom, after many Revolutions of For, 
tune, was unjuftly feiz'd upon by Fhilip II. of Sp^iin, and derain'd C 
him^ and his two SucceiTors from the Dukes of Bragan^a, the lawfj 
Heir, till the Year 1640, that the Fortuguefe^ being unable to b^a 
up any longer under the Tyrannical Sovereignty of the Spin'urU\ 
threw off that intolerable Yoke, and fet the Crown upon the Hea 
of jfo/w Vl. Duke of Brxgav^x, (afterwards John IV. burnam'd th 
Fortunate) notwithftandingall that rhilip co\i\d do to the contrary, 
"Which Enterprize of theirs was happily brought about by the Ai 
fiftance of romeFrewJ:* Forces fent into this Country : And tisver 
remarkable how cloH^ly this their D fign of Revolting was carry'i 
on, though known to above 300 Perfons at once, and in agitatioi 
for the fpace of a whole Year. Ever fince which Revolt of p(jr, 
galy it hath continued an Independent Kingdom, fubje^t unto, a 
govern'd by its own King C being of the Family of Bragav^^) who 
Government is truly Monarchical and Crown Hereditary. 


^tm^O He bears Argent, five Efcutcheons A^iiret plac'd i 
wife, each charg'd with as many Befants of the firrt,plac'd in s^lu 
and pointed Mle, for Portugal. The Shield border'd Gules, chard 
with feven Towers Or, threct in Chief, and two in each Planch ; i? 
Creft is a Crown Or, Under the two Flanches, and the Bafe of tj 
Shield, appear at the ends of two Croffes, the firlt Flower-de-lud 
VertCi which is for the Order of Avis , and the fecond Puttee Guii 
which is for the Order of Ckrift, The Adotto is very changeabj 
each King affuming a new one, but frequently thefe Words, 

^tliiion.'] What was faid of P^eligion in SpiWy the fame almoft 
be affirm'd of that in this Kingdom ; the Tenets of the Churcn 
J(gms being here univerfally embrac'd by the Portngtie-^e^ only w 
this difference, that they tolerate J^toj, and allow fe vera 1 Str 
gers the publick Exercife of their Religion, particularly the 
gUf) Fadory at Lisboyu This Country receiv'd the Bledcd Go 
much about the fame time with S^m, 


• !< 









B .J?untont- . 

r J*urntu . 

Q ,/nani BcnijJjiu 

H . P5/if.v . 

I .Jjiria . 

TH Jiitt* of V church . 

i J i* iJ c 

.s e a 

liAIN^IAJSr ^;, 




I r ALY. 

_ Xttjltih mild J 


> Jotttuto 



- /bctwe 

[Tl^e Vpper 

^'^^ Middle a 
Kiins the 

^e ^rjnjt'r col 
I'-iiiis the 

Fart ir. 


Concerning Jtillp* 

d. m. 

-/, fjc 2o7 fr "^ *^ '■ Leni'th from N.W. to S.E. 

: (between ^^^ ^^CofLon.^-v js^about 760 Miks. 

= V JqS 15^ rr ^r "^i Breadth from S.W to N.E. 

r ^between 1 3^ ,^^ofLaf.y^^ is about 134 Miles. 

C Upper. 
Being divided into three ClaiTes, viz.-^Middl:', 


I The l'/)/?er [OT 
Imbdrdy'] con.<^ 
tiins the 

f Dukedom of savoy 

Princip. ofPiedmom 

' Mont f err xt — 



Moiaiii ~ 

Rep. of < (^ o 

I (Getioua — '' ^ 

(_Bifhoprickof TVcfwr ^ 

,' *-^ 
r Land of the Church 1 ^ 
.e Middle con- ^ Dukcd. of 7My'•4^/>' 

'''''''' /^ I'm ■— ' 
C ^ 1 ^ . Martno 

1:2 I ewer con- f ^. . . r ,. , 

;iinsthe | Kingdom of A ^/)/cfi 

[ Chxmhery --' 
Turin — — 


Idem • — 




[dem, N. to ModenA 
Idem, on the bot. of 
the yidrutid Gulf, 
<J Idem, S. to lAiim. 
Id.S. to Tyrol in ylujlrla* 

florencc ^^^-toN. 
Idem, S, to Modetiji* 

Idem, Southward. 

Of all thefe in Order. 



()u In 

; m 


If .1 






Part III fart 11. 

^ I. In the Upper-part, or Lombard), 

s A V r. 

Containing feveral remarkable Towns fituated upon, or nigh iint 
four fmall Rivers that water this Country. 

?mC Weft ward in the Main 
.5 \W. turning N.W. 

r" = ^ N. W. in the Main. 

-.3 g(N. W. 


... )The yirc 

CThe Jr've — 






llcre are thofe of< ^ ^ 

M M Hah- 


from E. to VV. 


jirc are thofe 

of l^-f'* 


fl^tf Mauricnne 

Sfrom E. to W.] 


5cr4» are thofe of^ ^'""'^^ 

Annacy — 
' Salanchef — 


S. to N. 

. yfri/e are thofe of<S^''-^^ 

Bomie ^ilU 
Lit Roche - 

»from E. to W. 



w /-Dukedom oiAoufic 

*^ \ ,# T. cXJurea 

g JCounty of y^i?l— , . ^ . ^, r7^ r , 

^ xSeianory of A/?rf*^/ ^,'' "tS \Idcm 1 1 m. N. of C/,/4/. 

*- ^-^ • ^- 13 Jidcm upon the Sea-Coalt. 

V Thrij) upoo the River Pi 


Fart 11. 


— 1 PIEDMONT, properly fo call'd. 

the Tcrri-<J 

tories of 



Carignan — — 
Carmagmla — 


Caviglidno •" 


Mi: rlcv'' 
CevA ' ■■ 






Tojfano *-' 



Idem- — 




'ji Idt^ni s m. S. of Pipurol. 






,N. to S. upon 
the Pfl. 

to S. upon 

the Teua o. 

\N CO S upon 

the Stiira. 

the Terri- 

loiies of 


N. to S. 

ihe Terii- 

wries of 

M N T F E R R J T. 

Trim ^ gridem ^ 

Cafal / £ \ldem C 

Jlba \f^^Idem 

j^ccfui C_c /^^^""^ 

S/>/»— — ' • J u t»Idem 8 m- S. W- of y^ 7«^. 

M I L u4 N. 

Idem— - 

t ijcvam 
Pa via — 
Lodi — 

Anglers — ' 


P^igevanafco — 

Pavefe ■ 


MiUneze ' 




Tortonefe ■ 


Jrom VV. to 
S. E. 



f'altnza — 

^ 2^ ton » — 

— *' «J 




ii\i'i\ i!'uL i!- 


P ./ R- 


..,•*••» - 




Part II 

Fart II. 


P A R M A. 

fc -^ ^ 


;Terr. of {^"f)'^, C^ ;;;^"^^ ;^- ^ 

' Idem- 

^t. fo VV 

Dorrivo "7 \' 

D. of. 


Modcfhi prop- fo c^iH'd 


Principality q{ Cjirpi 


M A N r ' 

f "7 M.nnoui prop, fo call'd ^ 


JPrinci;)alitV of 7^o^^.9/ 
t Marqiiifate of 0///^»' 

Idem Eaftward 
Idem Wcftward 
Idem Noithward 
idem II m. ^N. E. cf 
Idem 14 m. 5 j^cp^ij 


Mavfoiu North '.vard 
Id. 8m.S. W.^ ot 
Idem 18 m. S.>M;;!i 
Id.i8 m.S. W.Vo«,;.| 
C\:ltilLin de ^iivi')\6 
CN.H.of Mdntoui 

the lerrito- 

iits of 

l\ldn:,}}0 — 

Viccmir.o — 
Vcioyicfc — 
oi'cjc'uvo — 
ii.'rgj,mdfiO ~ 




— ( 

roh'jui de 


[^i^^iircj. Jrcvigij,no 



5 from 


t'vh'J.!vj C Trevifjdno pro*;'-. 
'oiUdins the ylcliihio • 

(j'Cd> im 

i eiritorits 


Vance — 
Padud — 

Vetofu - 

Brefiiii ~ 


Vddin 7 W.toE. 

Cdbod'lJhijS {lliinl 

Idem in Friuli 22 m. S. I'-i 
Crerru 24 m. S. of BngxM 
Jiovigo 22 m. S, of Paduj. 
I'revigio 17 m. N.W. of rt;;/| 

Codore - 

Prov. of 
D. of Vr 
Marq. o 
C. ofC/ 

I; 'I Terr, oi 


^ ^Ubino 
(.0, of 6'/J0 

S. to I 


Fart II. 




G E N V J. 

/-Principality of Mo>uco ■ 
^ Territory of Vemimi^lix 
\Principality of Ondglij, 
Coinpre- J^^rqmi'ditQ ai Finale - 

bends -^ ^ ■• 


Noli - 

Terrr.tory of«<,.^„„„^ 

T R E N T. 

W. to E. 




ComprehendsC Bilhoprick ofZ^j^j^^ ^ Udem, upon 

only the "j Trent J C /Uigs, 




§ 2. In the Middle Part. 

The Land of the Church, or PAP AC T. 

<• Bologneje — 
Prov. of J^nugn^ 
D. of Vrbine 


Marq. of Anconx — 
C. of Citta de Cjflello 



ff (."''' <«^^ - 

I Bologna- 


Vrbino - 


N. W. toS. E, 

(ti!iJ^Terr, of^;;^^;^:^!^'^ 
V ■• ■; lOi-uistjino .« 

'^'1 ■=' f>. of CW^o ■ M 

St.Peters Patrimony 

C^mp.ignii di R^rtut 

!:abino - 

Cntx de Caftello' 
<j Perugjii- 

N. to S. 


Viterbo 14 m. S. E. cf Orvieto, 

J{ome ■ 

Nligliano 10 m. N. of J{ome 

, ■ !) 


'; i 

M 4 

r ^' 5. 







i < ■' ■ 


: t 


I -) 



i '' 

,.- 1 





T V S C J N r. 

Part. II I part H. 

(J Fforence 
Terr, of > Pi fa — - 

i Siefna 


Prlnclp. of PiorrMno 
IfliC of glbai 

.._- LH 


D, of<^arra'a and M<»^* 
Scate of Prejidii 

— >N. E. toS. VV. 

I -^ j a;.?/7^ =4 m. N. W. of Pifa. 
K.Orbtnh'0 $ 5 m. E. of Cofmo;>oli. 


The Republicks of{ s^Marim, 

r C8 m. N. E. of Pifa, 

Comprehend only thtCz.i/f^ — 
Territories cf thtTe^ 
two free Cities of c^. Mavim 



§ J. In the Lower Fart, 

o r 

The Kingdom of NAPLES. 



Aoru'{'{o the farther- 
Ab>'u\\o the nigher* 

C/!? ithuitK\ or PuTjin 
Ttirra di D.iri" 





r<''rr/» a'/ Otranta — — — — ^f-i 

' 7V;'r J di 1 avaro 

Further Prhicipate 

N'gher Pi\n:i^ate 

Bajilicnte '— ' 

C/i/j^r/^thenigher — 

'j.'alakiathc farther— — j 


Civitta di Chie 
PojJno ■-■■•*■ 

ManfredQiiia — 

Ban ^^^— ■ 

Or /into ^— 


Bcncvenfi — — 
Sal fiv— — 



•f FromN.W 

y to S". K. upj 

>f on the At.' 

atick Gulpll 

'From N, \Vj 

to S'. li. I! pi 

on thw "y\ 
rhenian Sci| 





XTJLT Q known of old by the Nnmes oi" IJ'fperia, Satumifi, 

LiitiuWy y^uJoTsia, OemWia and "J^nicula ; and now bounded 
iP^all fides by the Mediterranean Sea, except the North-Wed, Avherc it 
.QJns xo part oi trance and Germany'] is term'd hy its Natives and i>fatii^ 
|.m; Uh^^'* j hy the french. Italie ; by the drrnans, fta'idi ; and by the 
ll^^lijh, -iiaiy; lb cjll'd Casmoft Authors conjefture) fioin Itahtj, zn 
h^icisnt King of the Siculiy who leaving their liland came into this 
ICointry, and poirelTing themfclvts of the middle part thereof, cal- 
led the whole ItaliiXf from the Name of ilieir Prince. 

a'fJ The Jir of this Country is generally Pure, Temperate and 
iHcaithful to breath in, except the L^nd ofthcChrch, where *tis or- 
dinarily reckon d more grofj, and ujiwliolfom, as alfo the Southern 
li'ircsof xV/» / ;, where for fevcral Monrhs in the Summer 'tis fcorch- 
hd hot, being of the like Quality with the Air of thofe Provinces 
hSfnin, which lie under rl.e fame Parallels of Latitude. The oppo- 
Iti Place of the Globe to Itah^ Is char part of the vaft Vaclfick Ocean, 
lying becwem 105 and 220 D-grccs of Longitude, with 38 and ^3 
l)^grees of South Latitude. 

§011] The So;7of this Country (it lying in the ■-'th nnd 7th North 
imat^ ) is very fertile, generally yieldini; in grent abundance the 
Ihoicefl: of Corn, Wines and Frulr. Is Woods aie (for r!u^ nuiif 
m) continually green, and wti] jlor'd with tlie belief wilu s/\! 
taelicdds Its Mountr-ins do aft'ord feveral kinds o^' Meral, part'C.'- 
Irly thole in Tufcany and Napl s, wliich are laid ro yield Tome r'c'j 
iinesof Silver Be Gold.IIeie's alio a grertt qiiantiry c frnie Alabaficr, 
lid the pureft of Marble. In Ihort, this ('ounrry is ji;. jiJ/'JiIy citetn.'j 
iiGjrden of Europe ; and {o (htely and magniiicen!: are its numeroi, ^ 
|lt;es, that I cannot Ojnit the fuilowing Epithet.^ commonly bel}rv.v.. 
on divers of them ; as Row^, rheS^^"c^; N<i/?'t?;, the Noble ; /•.'>- 
\nce, the Fair ; rmice^ the Rich ; Genoa, the Stately ; MiLwy theGrcvr.'.. 
iV'ilna, tht y4uc tent ; Padita, the. L'^arucd ; Bono;:ia, the htt \ L^'Z' 
k the Mcnh-inhzing \ f^Lrona, the>/.ing ; Luca, li.j 7-7 » ^^^^ 
!>, the Stnng. 

pmmoDitiCJff.] The chief Cmmm les of this Country arc Wine-v, 
pn, Rice, Silksi Velvets* Taifaties, Sartins, Grograms, Fuilian^, 
iil-wirc, Allom, Armour, Glalfes, and tuch like. 

I, ! 



til . r-n: 

I f 






Part 11 

Vi^liich inefrc'M:arc moft worthy ofour regarr!,!lie:y '''Cing vcryui 
t!il in j^iviri^^ luinc Lij^hc to fcvernl pjris ofLhw- z;/?-/?^?/ lliftoiy. jj 
vicwingof wliicli Aiiticjuities, i fijall reduce them all to tlireeQ 




ole that are to be feen in the City K)i P-imt it fclf. 

In the Kini^dum <}\ Naples, And laftly, In all other parts of/t 



The moft remarkable lAomnitnts of A',itquity in /"^orj?" it fclf, ai 
thcle following, (i ) AiuphhkejLires, \\irtii.U;arly iJut, callM i\\c c 
jhnphitheatrc (now term'd the Coiij'dOy becaufe of a CoJoffdun Stati 
that ftocd therein) begun by Vcfpxjixn^ iind finifn'd by VoniiuJ/^^'^^^ 
('-.) Arches^ as of Co/.lt.uiihr^ theCr.'.it (ni^h to t 
iUJ. /irnphhhcutre) er. cled io him in V^z Mcrnjry ot his '^-^iitoiyo 
tain'd over the Tyrant Mixt'/.-r/^/f, wi:h this InCcription. Uh 

4 !■ 

is, Fioii-iwi r.i.U, Ihjt of T. Vc(} (iheancienttit of all 

f Tiiiunphal Arches in rso,i;<:) ereiled to him upon his taking jIijC 

I ty, and fpoilirg the T-mpIe of ycruf.kni. ot' S.:pti;y}'iM S:.vcr:ii,_ 

' be feen nigh the Church i f Sr. M.n tin ". Add to thele, the ]>iiih:i'h 

|; Bridgt', whofe Ruins are ftill vilihle niah Tout /uwdo^ fo muclui 

j, putedofold, that by a Decree of the Sjnare, none of the meai 

■ forr of People were Vuffer'd to tread upon the fair.c. ( 3.) lkrrn.i 

fi B.nhs\ as th(>re of tlie b^mperor j-^mor.iir.n riuu which were of a pr 

I tligious Bigncfs, according to that of Jriirauv.yA lA-iriellirrM^ w! 

tj tfpea king of em) la^ % Livxcr.t i)j Frovini i.irim cxjl) uHa. fi. J 


of .i/c';c.:.',\f('r,SVw'.'r;:'.^, the goodly Ruins whereof are to be feen n 
th.e Chu:th ofSr. EufiAikio; And laillv, the Ruins of Ihirmxi 
l}imivi.itLc^ itill vilii)le in Momc CvjiillOy formerly h^r>;js Oj({> 
(4) Several remarkable riX.v-j, particularly, //it cairdCb^wul 
.Amnnino, creded by /!/. ylurclius /hr.oninici^ the Emperor, in Honoj 
of his Father, y^vtouiyiu-^ Pim^ and flill to be feeM i;i the Corfo^ b^ 
as yet 175 Foot high. czWW CvAovnx J'rdji/hi, i^f.t up in Hono 
of Tr. {j.w, and now 10 h: found in MorJtc^o. Thtt call'd Col^j 
i;^/??.vTi (ft n extant in the Capito!) ereOed in Honour of ;ii,'/j 
2nd dcckt with Stem: ofShips. upon his Victory over the Cinl: 
■^Mc fame rhe tirft Naval Vidory obtained by the I^ 
To thefe we may add the two great Obaluks (one before Ponoi 
I'OpiiJo^ ard the other before the Church of St. fohri de l.iterayi}^ 
jnerly belonging to, and now the chief Remainders of the fame 
Circus Alaxiriiui, whicli was bejiun bv'M rrifcm, augnienr| 
hv j, CtJ'.ir ^nd Atipuihui, and at Lift adorn'd with Pillars and S 
tues by Tr.i\.w zt\d^'h'diog:ba'rM. We m;.y alf'j add thofe 'Thr<f.c V'{^ 
of admirable Stiuihire (nowto be fecn in Cimpo Vucdno) which fj 
anerly l)elongM to the Temple of fupiter Suitor^ built by l{Gmil 
upon his Victory over the S^ibivis \ together with lix others cm 
\\dQ of the Hill mounting up to the Capitol, three of which 
Iqiv^W once to the T<^mplc of Concord^ built by CamiUm \ An;' 

pjrt II. 

Ur three i 
Harrow tk, 
Ijjjllars we m^ 
fjpitol) whi 
[•: irstop, e] 
ilirnce the / 
itfd Pi'ces 
[jnr.^r Clafll 
;/•(', or 
edover the 
\i^lum Vdiit 
\inip Vdccino, 
inie of the i 
fjimh'ov^ I 
hole 5:atue, 
i;re as a Pa, 
[car S.J{Oi-L*i 
kvery PU. 
nttcn, is iii 
erhefe foil 
iit-way ab( 
lounrain, r( 

■miins oj J j 
ijalfv) rt,e 
ree Miles 1 
hich Build 
xeth thatE 
iiWf} of B.tij: 
ry Streets, 
.) The EliJ 
holden to ' 
round Iii 11 

) The nj: 

,h the Eliji 
allies, who \ 
|ilace,with t 
v/ff.z jasalft 
noted of ol 

iphurous G 
'hrgilm Mar 

the CrotiQ ( 











»h ncc the J\ recla n\l rluir Vsik-s to all parts of Jtaly. Otlier 
ted Pieces of Antiquity ir /{cmc, and not reducible to any of the 

HcrClaff-s, are chiefly tlitie ; (i.) The ftateiy Ruins oiT^ilu^^o 

Vutrino) built by T.Vcfiy.t{iir.^ who adorn'd the fame with 

ii'eofthe Spoils of r.he Temple Q^'^cmjakm, (3.) The Kptundii, 

fmh.'ov^ built by j1i>/ippa, and dedicated to all Gods *, many of 

ofwScatLes areiiill exrant in rhePaiJce c^ Jujlifiiiriy rcferved 

If re as a ViUddium of thatFjmih. (4 y The Maufoleum ylupufii^ 

itarS. /(fli's Church, but n^w ex^renif ly decavM. And laltly, 

fhe very Plate of Br jfs on which the Laws of the Ten Tables were 

ten, is Hill to be feen in tii-.:' Capitol. 
Remarkable Moniimans of yb/tiiuiity in the Kingdom of K,:\>Usy 
rethefe f(dlowing ; 0) 'i'i'.e G'Vyffc of Panjillpur^ being a larjj^e 

rt-wav about a 1\\\\^ P'-ns^ cut 

under Ground, q 

Liite thro' a 

[icuntain, nenrtheCify of K.:pJes, and made (as Ibme imagine) 

|;'Im(1v //>'.<; but according toothers, cocccius Nc:rva. (2.) Some 

mins of J j.iir j^,ripbi[hc:itrey and C/cfro's Academy, nigh lunuolo'^ 

alfv) rt,e Arches and Ruins of that prodigious Dridge, (being 

ree Miles long) built by CaV'^uLi l)t.-r,ween FuxYiOiO and I'aix ; to 

[hich Building ^';it^fo;//.«, the iliivorian, feems to allude, when lie 

pth that Emperor with his S'.ibihuflirrit's ih'fnu. (3.) ^^>^ ionr." 

t of 5.^/.c it I'clf, and fome Aichvs with the Pavement of the 

;ry Streets, all vilible under Water in a clear Sun-lhiny-daVc 

).) The Elifwfi Fields ; fo famous among the Poets, and extremely 

polden to 'em for their Fame; bv-ing only an ordinary Plat cf 

(round ftill to be feen nigh the Mace where the City oi' JUi.^ ftocdc, 

.) The Piphht MirabilU ; which is a vait Subtenarean Building 

'h the Elifui'/i I'idlds^ dtlign'd to i<evp fiefh Water fur the Kijmau 

[allies, who us'd to harbour thereabout^. (6.) The r\ith:s of iV<fyo's 

place, with the Tomb of//^?//)///>/i2his Mother, nigh to the aforefaid 

'dnx ; as alfo the Baths o{ Cu<^ro a nd Tritohi j and the lacx^ A'j^rvuty 

noted of old for its infedUous Air. (7,) Tlie Grotte of the famous 

hU Cimcea; nigh to the Place where Curnxa, ftood ; as alfo the 



Grottx del Ciwc", nigh to the G'Otft? or JV/'/////'^ above- 

LafHy, The obfcure Tomb of that well-known Poet, 

'irgil'^Maro, in the Gardens oLs. S'^verhio, nigh to the Entrance 

c;l|the Crctte of raufiUpm. To all chcfe we may here fubjoin than 



•er three to the Temple of ■^■upiti-r To7Uvs, huilt by Auiiiifl:n upon ( 

,sarrow efcape from a Thund-ri)oIr, And finally, In the rank of 
Ljars we may place the famous Miuirhimy (Hill refervM in the 

ipirol) which is a lictlr Pillar of Stone with a round Brazen Ball '' ^ 

stop, erected ar fiifl- by yi up ujh! f C.t fur in Poro l{nrna,yw. Pom 't\\ 



>, I,. 

i'-.i, 'i 

'H\ } 'Ti' 
Xgijr.'f or the great Palace of tlie F^oirti^',? Emperor?, onceexcen- Ig^j , |', ,,f|'[v 

[edover the greateft part "of the i'<z/.rr/;;d Hill, fi.) The Ruins ot 
falum VjlcU (which are nigh the Church of St. Fracefct J{Qmdva in 




li ! .■'] 

" •\i 

i ^•' 

I1 l|^ 

164 Italy. Partlj 

noted and mod remarkable Prodigy of Nature, tlic terrible I'uhm 
yefuvius, about 7 Miles from the t.ity of Naples 

Remarkable ATonnments of Antiquity in all other Parts o^ItaUi^, 
chietiy thefe ; (i.) The Via jlppia, a prodigious long Caufway of fivl 
days Journy, rci^ciiing from Kcmeto Bruudufum, and made atthefol 
Charges of y^ppius Claudius during his Confuhte. (2 )^yia Flajmnin 
another Caufway of the fame length, reaching from A' owi^ to /?/;,j„; 
and made by the Confnl FUminim, who impioyM the Soldiers there 
in during the time of Peace. C>) Vut /Emlia, reaching from Rim:a 
to Bologn'f and pav'd by Mmilv.i Lei^icns, Collegue oi Haminm. (, 
The old Temple ani Houfe oi Sibylla Tjhytina, to be fcen at Tivo'i, 
Town about fifteen Miles from Rome* (<, ) An Ancient Triumpha 
Arch yet ftanding near /Wwo, a Town in the Dachy oiVrbine. f(j 
The very Stone upon which /»/;;/ C^f^ir ll:ood, u-hm he made a: 
Oration to his Men, perf.vading cliem to pafs the Rubicon, ind 2(1 
Vance ftrait to Rome. The fam" is to be fecn upon a Pedeftal In th 
Market-place of l^imni. (7.) A rare Amphitheatre in ^erona^ ereft 
tfd at iirft by the Conlul rlammiiti^ and repair 'd fince by the Citizens, 
and now the intiiefl of :iny in turc^e ; as alfo another intire at Pola'n 
Ijhia^ being of two Orders ofTufcmt Pillars plac'cl one above anotlie 
(S ) The Ruins of an Amphithtane in P.riv*T_, part of whofe Cour 
( being oi an O^al Form) doth ftill retain the Name oi yirem%, (^ 
Many ftately Tombs oi famous M*'n ; p.irrJcularly that of .-Intmr] 
in P.idti.t'y St.PenrU in J{oT?ie ; of St. Jr/ih'f^ in Mih.n, an 
iii^ny others, together widi v.ifl multitudes of Statues both of Bra! 
and Marble in mod parts cf Italy. 

Thefe are the mnft remarkable Remains of tli^' Rovja?i Antiquiriei 
no.v extant throughout all tiiis Country, As for Mod-rnCwkfii;^^ 
and other forts of Parities (which are obvious to the Eye of every or 
din iiy Traveller) a bare Cat.tloL^ueof 'em woul;^ fwcll up to a conll 
denble Volume. ' rvvereendlcfs to difcourfe of magn^licent CuilJ 
ing (partlcnlirly Churcfies) ancient Infcriptions, rare VV?ter-uo;k?| 
^nJ many bold Pieces of Painting and Statuary, to be feen almod j; 
^s'/cry corner of 7.m//. Every one is apt to talk of the bendinij Towe 
o^' V'fa^ the VVhifi.ering Chamber i-^VCaprarola^ the renown'd iloufj 
vtiLorettOj with the rich Treafury of S. Mirk in yeuice ; not to mcncioi 
the famous l^ati'tin ^ahxce and Lih^ry^ with the glorious r.nd fplendii 
l-'urniturc of the Rowan Churches. To thefe I may add the Several 
Maj^izines, or large Colleftions of all forts oi Rarities kept in feveraj 
Parts of ltAly\ pirticularly thofe in Vilix Ludovifiay belonging ^1 
Prince Ludov'Jio ; as alfo thofe in the famous Gallery of Can^nia Sit:, 
ill Milati: But abo/e all, are divers Rooms and Cabinets of exotic 
CnriolitIe>i and precious Stones (among which is the fam-:>us Oia 
mond that weighs 158 Carats) all belonging to the Great Dukcol 
Tufrany, aiid inuch admii'd and talkM of in all Parts of the Civiliz'l 
World. Ecckli 

part II. 




The rcfpc 

[iilhops of 






As alfo 
k refpefliv 




Lclcfiafticks of the higlieft Order in this Country, are his Volhiej) 
the to^e^ and the Patriarchs of ycnice and Ajuikia. 

ar:|)bi^|;op;iuk5.] Next to thefe are the Archbilhopricks of 








Ca ua, 









Ka^arcthy or 

P cffam, 
( ofifenxa^ 
San ScverinOf 

The refpcftlve Suffragans of thcfe Ecdefiafticks are as followeth, 

ru:jop?icftsf. ] § 1. Immediately fubjca to the Pope, are the 

Icahops of 

I orett9, 
Rf analif 
A\c li, 




Mq^ te FiafcOne, 

As alfo thefe following, being ex>^mpt from the JurlfdiQIon of 
|!ie ref^jcftive Metropolitans. 






Citta di 

U'l-i'if 1 


citta de 








Citta Cnjl llana^ 












Civita yc'cfhiay 














terra' ay 



At el' ay Rnp^^Ia, 

Cavdy Monte pelo^o, 

Sea la and ^vd- Trivaito, 

lo, Aqtiilay 

Melfiy Mar[ica, 

San-MarcOf Mvnteu'oue* 

§ :. Suf' 

1 66 


I S, 

§. 2. Suffragms to the Patriarch of Ft'^;/Ve, are only thofe of 
7oY\eViOy Chiop.:. 

§. 3. To the Patriarch of J^iuikiji^ arc thofe of 


Trieftt'^ Pet in, Vi cniiy 

Cibo d' Jfiria, Citta NuQvX^ Verona^ 

PoLi, Padua, Como* 
Pardtj^Oy ■• 

§. 4. To the Archbifliop of M/7^>/, are thofe of 







§. 5. To the Archbifliop of Turnip are thofe of 

TorcCy Mo?jdovi, I'oJJam, 

%. '5, To the ArchbiiTicp of Turaitaife, are thofe of 

ylojio^ Siort^ 

% 7. To the Archbifhop of BrJogviy are thofe of 





S. DominCs 

(;. 8. To the Arcbifhop of Gcr.ox, are thofe of 






§. 9. To the Archbifhop of I'kraice, are thofe of 

J'ijjoli , 


Borgo fiiH Sepiihho, 
Cm A di Sole^ 

§. ic. To the Archbifliop of Pifuy are thofe of 
S\\wa, Pimbifjo, Mont'^lchio.^. 


















To the Archbifllop of Urhm^ are thofe of 



S. Leon. 

(;. 12. To the Archbifhop of rermoy are thofe of 



§,13. To thj Archbifhop of /^ix/t'wwi, are thofe of 





For a, 






§, 14. To the ArchbiHiop q{ Naples ^ are tliofc oi 





5. 15. To the Archbifllop of Crnu^ are thofe cf 






(i. 16. To the Archbifljopof S^tcy}io, are thofj of 





ALvfiiO 7:110-', 

Kocerji di p.tgyiij 


k: 17. To the Archbifhop 0^ Jn^ilfi^ are thcfe of 



Mi nor i. 

k. iS. To the Archbifllop of Ccn^a^ are thofe of 



Cjfii'l .7 Mare di Stdhh 

h-i^. To tlie Archbifiiop of i'orewt^, are thofe ci 







. f^'*.f 

Iff I ■'iilN 


:' i' 

' •Jir^n. 

i6S lulj. 

§ 2o. To tlic AicIiblHiop oi B^u-ifCniB, arc tliofe of 

/I ( 


Monte f^^lrano. Povi 




^. ^hdth.i di Gd- yh- 


Fricmti . 




Tor l'olcvz/1, 


H' a. 

Gu.%r ditty 

§2 1. To tlie Arclibiniop o^Thictiy are tliofc of 

Crto)iH di M,Vi- 

Civita di rcnna. 



§ i:. To ilij ArthSiHiop vi' La^'cia7io, »irc none. 

§ 23. To tiic ArchbiiUop d^ M'tufrcdonu, arc thofc ol 




5:4, Vo tiif Arclibillioj) of Bitri, arc thofc of 


( onvefja:to, 

RifOfjfo , 



f,^o. To 




<;, 51. To 
§. 52, To I 

SJ3- T0I 

Wlh Tot) 

■■-' im 

It C' lie* foil 


5 25*. To the Arcliliiliop of Cirerza, are tliofc of 



Tricar ice. 

§ 2<^. To the Archbifiiop of is'''{areih, are nonf. 
§ i *. To the Archbiiiiop of irayti, are thofc of 

,S '/p/ 




§ :S. To the Aichbiihop of Jnrcnto, arc thofu of 



§ 2^. To t.'ic Ai'chbliiiO,! Q\ nrtnd:fi, arc thofc of 



1 r\ 

kisdnct Co 
[War, and M 
i«evcr the 

(I'Hyapp:. i 
(hc/ht of 
I'iors, (:i)urr( 

''^> ilimpui 



m n* 


f,^c. To the Archbifhopof Otramoj are tliofe of 






S. /iluriu de LciiCiit 


(;. 51. To the Arclibifhop of ^,'o/)^/w^, none. 

i^. 52, To the Archbilhop of COfiJl?iiu, ace thofe of 



i. n» To the Archbifhop oi Sjvfcjcrino^ are tliofe ot 



k ]4. To the Arclibifliop of J{t^^gio, are thofe of 








• ■■ ■'itfP ) Vriherfitics in this CouiiLry, 
liC'Lics tolluwing^ 


arc thofceHabillhM it 








Si c tin J ^ 






P.i> m.i. 

mmtt&:] 'I'hc Nntivfs of thisCourrry (once the Triumphant 

)rU and Conquerors of the Woi hl)ar.' now 1 \\ ^iv'-n to tiie Art 

War, and M'llr.iry l.xploits, than niift other Nations ot /-.'/foptf. 

jwever the 'Aoaov It.ilrivs are generally rcpuud a^f{tfp^dlul 

li/'U^cvioio* '■'' ••: People •, elp. ciaily in thole things to wlncli they 

Ji.tiy appiy 1 .'-nvVlves now-a-;tays, vi^, stutii.wy ll'u)k<;^Arihiu'liiite, 

jjtlic/// 1 of i'»/ :m'?'^. They're alio rjckon'cl Obedient tu rlit ir 8u- 

liiors, ( lourteons to ln^'c:riors,Civil U) FqualS'if^d very Aifabk- to 

piger;;. They're likcwife in Apparel veiy niudclr,in I uniitLireot' 

I'jjlumpfuous ; an^! at thiir 7'<i7f'i extraordinary /^^'./tand cUc'nt, 

\a\\c\l' good ^aliii^s of this /Y'(S/)/(.' are nii:'.!uiiy itaiiiM by many 

lorious^'/Vti wliich rei;^n among tiiem, parcicularly cholV: of /(e- 

[;cand ':(//, JcuIokJh: iXnd Sm.i>ifigy toiid of whicu th<-y're Ibex- 

N cclilvely 

1:1 *ll:li 



i i' 


170 Ju/j. Parti 

ct'lFirely pven.tliat even n Hu.d ft Narrative would feem incredih 
As tor the Fenulc .SVx,a vulj^ar Sayinji goes of 'em, that they're /U 
/'/fiat the Odots, ^7/?;f.v in the Cliurch,Gflit^ in the Garden, i)^-^ 
in tlie Houfe, ylr^^ch in the Streets, and Syf cries at the Winduws' 

laiipanr. ! The prcHnt I .ivyu.tgc of It^ily is a Diilcfl o{ tlici.n/i 
whicli was the ancient r.ari'.uage of this Country : Almojttvci 
Trovince and City hath its jvculiar Idiom, but tliat of ht}ir,i\ 
reckonM the j urelt and bc^ft j)()linrd of all others, and is that win 
TerCons of (Jualiry and Learning ufually fpeak. Vatcr No}}cr\r\]^ 
lidtj runs tliiis ; }\idrc 7!nf}rn, ihc jl'i tie CiclOj fufniUifiAio il iiioyjoon 
yc}:y^i il tuo ^\'^il7)0 : fid j lii.i l.i tu.i volovti^ fi come hi rielo, cofi t'?;<o/,; 
ten. I. P.hJ l:'\i[!i il v.ollro lunw co\idLi7U)\ t' remctt'ui i vojlri dchiu^ 
lOhiC ni.or '/:ori;!i rcmctii.ivo d i voihi dcLitori. I', non ci hiduirc /?; ijjj 
tAiioiu-, vi.i lihcy.ici rule, Amni. 

CoUciiimnU.j The Govcnmcnt of It.ily can*t be duly crMidl-i 
without looking; back unro the cliief Divifions of that Coinu 
abovemeiuionM ; thuT being fo many ditKtrent Sovereign 
therein, indepcndrn*" (>n one another, and not fubjeded to 
Head. The whole b^ < Serefore divided into I'j'/'cr, h\iLik;\ 
l.QVxr^ accoidini;, to the jrefaid Analyiis. 

T. The Upper (or lomh.irh'- bi-ing again divided in one Princi 
I'lV, Hve Ourcliies, two Repuldicks, and one iJdhtjprick. 'i'hati 
i'lincip-ility, 'fz-f. liidmG}!t^ li urider the Duke of X/v^;y. 1 he 
Diitchi^'s, z'i^ rhofe of Ak?/f/t/rjf, Aiihv^ I'lVm.i, M(A';7/.i, arul .1 
I'.n^M'c under fevcTal ^o\eieigns : For Mw/'ijcrrji is i^ar rly umki 
i->t'7,\^ King, anil j^aify nndei the Dukti vf Xivny^Dd Mantiu. i\\\ 
js u d^r the Kingt/t Sriin^ for whicli he is dci)enilent on ihc 
peror. pjnv.i is moltly ui.der ics ov^n Duke, wliu i^ feuihuoiy tol 
Top , piyng veai ly iroco C.'rowrs Modem i^ under its own Dii 
who is ilep.e; d -r.r on tlie Lmperor. And /\.j)itu.i is niolllv iii'>!-ii 
o'.vn Puke, who is feudarcrv to ciie Lmperor. 'I'he two Reini!,',! 
being ( ; o;'e of Vefiice and Cevnu,t, ( >f whom particularly arti luj 
ar.- ^M-v m'd !>y >enateand Magiftraie';. Tliconc liifhuji 
being that of Irexi, ia fubjcd to the Houle q^ /hijhii. 



Part If. Itdly. lyi 

commonly ftil'd by I{or,hvi Ctthnlids, the (l]\ic( rcij'.fi.i/iirl of aW 

iHlin^^lom'^ the l\itnjrrh of /(omc*, and the l/V// ; flu- iV/w.^/6' anil 

vipreani Governor ()f'/r.?/v; the Metropolitan oFtfiole J'>ini(^ps btitlVa- 

^]n to the S^eof /(cm.', and Jiijhop of the niidi f,im<uis b' . johti oi /./- 

iruu The Duiednm ot't\i),y is» tor the molt pirt, und. r its <)\An 

M'.c, except the Towns of .V/V»;j, (for which he is TrihutJry to 

\ai\iw) '\v\i\Oyhhcllo^ which belon^eth to rhi: Sp.uii.irJ, This Duke is 

fikrm'd the llicheft and moll ]\)werfid ot'all iht- /taliun l^rirces, 

LHit his manner of Governu'.enr is jjencrally recl'.on'd too prefhng 

landiincalV to the Siibjed. 'J'he Towns and Ke|)ti!)licks of Lmj, 

U(l St. Mirhho, a.Te govcrn'd by their own Ma^iltratcs as free 

Ijtates. But of the'', afterwards. 

III. The Lower Partof /f.r/y being the Kjrgdcm of A'^/'/^-y, is fuh- 
jfrt to the Sp.nih>\i, tor whieli he is H.-inager to the Tope, and ac- 
Icordingly fends liis Holinefs yearly, a White liorfe and 7000 Du- 
|c3ts by way of Acknowledgment. It is ^ov« rn'd by a Virc-Iyoy^ ap- 
pointed and fent thirher by Ids Catholick Mij llv, wlio is ufualiy 
|onc of the Chitt Grandeesof Spxht^ and is connnouiy renewM eve- 
ry third Year. Thefe Vice~l{oys (as in molt of the Sparijh *" 
iGovernments; during, thv-ir fliorc Kegency, doinduilrioidly endca- 
jvciir to lofe no time in filling their own CotK-rs, and that by moll 
:rievous Exadions on the poor S-abjccl:. So fevere indeed arc the 
>;u"'.''iii' upon tlie Nc:ipo!it.i>is, that the King's OHicers are com- | 
|r,oniy (aid tofnd in the Outxhy of MiLntj and to I'Icers the iHaiu! 
".V/V//y, but to llej rtf' t!ie very Skin in the Ivingdom of .V.//.'/ff ; 
that the IVopI:.' of this Country (which is one of the belt in 
krcp:') arc molt niu'eiajjly hanafs'd by thefe hungry and lapaci- 
tus Vultures. Deluloa elb Princes in Jtiily abovcmentionM, there 
re fcveral others, who arc under the l*rot(Clion of fomc higher 
fowler, particularly i/-;»if of the E/vpt^ror^ thQ Tope ^ or the Kingt.t* 

To thefjovernment of ftjJyy we may add the four following Rc- 
publicks, vi{. thof:; oi 

.he (M 



I Vevire, This Repubjick is under an Ariftocratical Governmcnf, 
f:S'>iicri.'i(T}jty of the Srate being lodg'd in the Nobility, or certa.ri 
umber orHamilies enrojl'd in the CoUkfi Bcrl^ calfd the n^egijler of* 
ki ycKCti.t?! A'('/7c.>. Th.;ir thicl Ouiter is the Duic, or v;ri;,t.', whole 

"'' "V'.Buthority is a meer Chim.rj^ and he no better than a A-e.rt'n^f Sh^. 

•^""^^''Ir, PrU;J<-i'cy b. 'n^-i: hecan julily Oai.t; above :hf other Magi- 




p^ Italy. Part 11^ 

frfcUc^^;. Here are eflahlifh'd five principal Council?, 'w^. (i.jThat 
fcrnvl tY,t Crjni Couyicil^ comprriicn Iinji tii'i whole Body of the 
i\ob:{iry, Dy w-hom a;-,- elictcd all Magirtratcs, and enacLd aH 
L-ivv^ which thr-y judge convenient fur ;he Publick Good. (^ \ 
That cerin'd the Frcg^di, ( commonly call'd the ^enxte ot VenhV) 
confiJHng cf above an hundred Perfons, who determine "Nhttrrs 
of the higheil Importance, as thofc relating to Peace or War 
Leagues and Alliance^-. ("3.) The U/Z.-'f/ conhltiug rf tweniy fuur 
Lords, Vv'lude Olfice h to give Audivoce to Am&ITudors, and to 
report their Demands to the Senate, which alone ha'h Powtr to 
return Aidvvers. (,>) The Co inici I of Ten, (co.-.filMr;^ of ten No- 
blemen^ whoTe Office ir is to hear and decide a!l Ciii'iinal XUt- 
ters : ThisCourt (whofe Jurirdiaion is extraordinary ^rt-at) isi 
yearly renew'd, and three ot thei'e NobUnien, calPd th^C^pi, or 
^''iuif.toriof St:iti\ are chofen Monthly; ro which Triumvii ate is 
pfligh'd fach a ?o«'er in judging of Criminals, that their dtfjnitej 
•■entLncereacheth the chieft-it Nobleman of the Stdt.', as weiuj 
the m.-ariclt Artuicer, if they are unanimous in their Voices. 
otherua)b ail t.'ie Ten are corifulLtd with. 

n a;;75«.r is un kr an Ariftocratical Government, very like tc 

tiiaf;of p\v//tv; for its Prjnri;/al M<ij"ilf rate hath the Name or T. 
tlv* ot _.P/ /.t', (i)ut ccn'inu.^th mly lor two Years) to whom therj 
rre v\fT]i|,-^t^ , i,:'ht Principal OfBcers, who with the Duke^are cal, 
ied the* jc/|^;.7,'7,'j', v;]iich in Masters of tlie greateft Importance, ;^ 
cii!o/uoor!!!.,jL-ro theGiand Council, ciuilifting of 400 I'eiiom, 
adl Gencle-}fvn of tlie '..ity ; which Council with the Seigniory, d( 
coniiiruc t':e wh Ic Body (>f thi, CommonweaPh. This State ii 
puch moi\' famous for whir 'C hach been, than for what it ib, be. 
H;g now on : h.- d'.cayinii, i. At piofent it's i'.bjwd unto k\-t\ 
r?.l Sov.'rjigM^, varoUi l'lac>-s wi. bin its Territories belongir;; t^ 
i\ : Dak:'S -j*' ..Viv^yand TufAvy, iome free, and others lately takei 
by the f >•,'.';; /.. 

IH. I//i r ('i^MUg a fmill pree Commonwealth, enclos'd withii 
tlie TerrifKries of the Grand Duke of lufcv/iy) i- iir!d.t:r the (iovcrnl 
lasnt of Of:e Principal Magifiraie, caiTd the Govj\U(mh->\ chjr)c;cj 
able every lecond Month, iilhffjd l)y Counldiurs, namVuJ 
■.[htniy whom rliey alfo change every lix Months, du mg which tinif 
they I've \v. th' PaPueor Common-hall ; and Sup iiwr to themil 
the c;; niiConvcil, which conliltif g of a!)'.)ur 240 Noblemen, m 
heiin^, ec'iK. IP; div/iP d inttJ rwo Podics, rake their turns every luj 
Yeii, This Stace is under the Prottition of the li.mpcri>i iJi'iCi^ 
\,uvj3 uLid payeth him yearly Homage accordingly. 



'f^ors of rhl 
''ors and .si 
iquilition :[ 

irous thin^til 

M» as is g 

nt. But 

courfe of 1 



o.rm?*] It being too tedicu'; to exprcf;, the Knilgns Armorisl c^f 

I-;;! the Sovereign Princes and Slaves in this Counrry, ardiOijiu- to mention thofe of (-necnly; we Oii; 11 there fere (as a 

;:de?vlediu m) nominate the cluci Sovereignties of Jtdly [vi^. the 

Jif-'i&w, the Dukcdoui of liifc.ivy^ and the Republicks of V^rnicz 

jp.J Gcioui'] and alfix to each of thtfc their j-eculiar Arms« 

Tiiercfore, (i.) The Pope, (a^ Sovereign Prince over the Land of 

[■-Church Of Papal DoF.inioiis) iK'ars for his E cutcheon, Guln^ 

Iconliftii'g of a longCapf, or Head-piece Cr^ ru;-mounced wiih a 

Crolspcaird and garniih/d with three Royal Crowns, togo her 

hich ihe two Keys of St. Teur placed in SdU'nr, (:.) The Arms 

wkfiUiy \r^^ 0>t live Roundles, Guh's, two, two, and one, and 

Icne ii Chief /.^we^ cliarged with three Flo wcr-de- Luces Or\ 

{],] Thole of Vtnict; are, /liwe, a Lion wingtd, Sejant <^r, hold- 

lir.g under one of his Paws, a Bot)k covered, /h-ojnt, Luftly, Thofe 

|(iG-'?'o«/ Jie, Arppit^ a Ciois Guks^ with a Crown ch s*d by rea- 

pot" the liland of Co/zfi belonging to it, which bears the Tide 

cfKingdom, and for Supporters arc two GritHns Or, 

H:Ii:ton,] The ItjAiuis (as to th.eir Fxi'Ihin:) are Zealous Prr- 
[lelTors of the Dodfrine of the K^rnj)! Church, even in her grclVJl 
l"ors and S;tpcrjiitions ; and that either out of Fear of the ourhiycy'^ 
nqiiilition : Or in llelxrence to their Ghoftly Father, the Pope : 
)rclnedy, by bein^ induilrici:[ly kept in weful Ignoi.inceot the 
I'^tcfl^m l3o6irine, of which th^y are taught many talfetind nion- 
Irous thintis. The yc? km are here tolerated the Pablick ExercJi".' 
kti(>t/> Religion, and at J\pme tiiere's a weekly Sermon for their 
-unverlion, at which onn- of each Family is bnund to hz prcieur. 
"hcChiiftian Faith was firft preach'd here by S\ i\'t'.'y, who wear, 
either in,or about th':; b.ginningof the U>vign of the Etnp:ro! Clju- 
p, as is g-p.erally tellihed by lume ancient \Vi iters of good Ac- 
[oiint. But whert'as this Country is theSeatof the pretended infal- 
]!)le Head ot ! he Church of liorr.c,. no .'lice can be more proper lo 
courfe of the Do^rim o(il.\it Church than this i:-. And wh jicms th j 
[•'•:;b of the Romijh Church ( w ht reby ih: dilTers fi u.n all oLlu r Ch>i- 

" 1 ' ■ ' ', -1 lift 






174 Pope Pius'i Creea. Part II 

fli.t>j Churches, efpecially thofe of the Preformation) are fuch, as s^, 
by her pr-r^-nded G> n/ral Councils ^particularly ^^j.zr of TrojC: 
lusJuueracUl.-d to the Chr'^flijiv Faith ; and endeavoured to imnoir 
the bclit-f uf 'cm, as fo inanyvVcTP y1rtiiieso( F^itb -, upon the reft 
of the World : The belt Summary of her Dodtrine, as a 
true .»n1 iinqn. fi-ionaol - Body oi Popery, mjy be fitly reckoned that] 
noted Crctd oiVvy^c Fir.i IV. ch^' various Articla\ji whkh arc theie 
folio win;^. 

holy At 
the true 
iret thet 
l):v. / do 
of the ri^ 
'Uftu CI 
c.^rs^ a.-nc 
that of ti 
te repeati 
the receiv 

uA^rt' I. I believe in one God the Vather Almighty^ makfn 
Heaven and Earthy and of all things vifihle and invifhU. 

II. And in one Lord Jefiis ChriH-^ the only begotten Son (^ 
God^ begotten of his Father before all worlds^ God of God. 
Light of Light^ very God of very God^ begotten not madem ,;^^ fnief^i 
being of one Subftance with the Father^ by whom ^H thtmmyi ' j ^^ ^ 
ivere made, ^ \ken defim 

III. Who for Its Men ^ and for our Salvation came down from cer/u^j^ q 
Heaven^ and was incarnate by the Holy Ghosf of the Fim\ii /^^. 
gin A'1ar}% and was made Aian, \tit Cod 

a ti 

IV. And WM crucified alfo for us vnder Pontius Pilate, j^^Mmd the d 
fered and was buried. \Eucharisi 

V. A^id the Third Day rofe a^ain according to the Scripture^_,jj^ Blood 

VI. And afcended into Heaven, audfitteth on the right h'^iijefus Chri 
of the Father, I -j^ijole f^y 

VII. And he fl]a!l come again with Glory to judge both ^Wubfi ance" 
quick and the dcad^ whofe Kingdom flj all have no end, h'oe CatholL 

VIII. And I believe tn the Holy Ghoft^ the Lord and CrMj\\l^ j ^^1 
of Life, who froceedeth from the Father and the Son, mchriff an 
With the Father and the Son together is wor flipped andglom, / ^^ r 
fied, who fpake by the Prophets, \the Souls fc 

IX. And I believe one Catholick^ ^nd ApoftolickChurch, hes of the 

X. J acknowledge one Bapttfm for the remijfon of Sins» 

XI. And I lock for the Refurrefiion of the Dead, 
XII* And the Life of the World to come. Amen. w--jj^fin 
XIII. I mo fir firmly admit and embrace Apofiolical andmbe had if 

clefiafical Traditions, and all other Obfervations and Cll. I dom 
Jlitutions of the fame Church. wffcd fi 


I dolil^X 

pjnftj ar 
r ^ffer Pr 



i reft 

, as a 

A that 




pjit ir. Pope PIusV Cree^. 1 7 5 

gV. / ^(> admit the Holy Scriptures in the fame fenfe tha^ 
ijoh Aiother-Church doth^ who/e hufinefs it is to jud^re of 
the true Senfe and Interpretation of them •, and I will inter- 
tret them according to the unanimotu ccnfcnt of the Fathers. 
pV. / do pro/jfs and believe that there are Seven Sacramenfs 
of the new Larv^ truly and properly fo caWd^ inftitutedby 
'tefi'J Chrili our Lord^ and necejfary to the Salivation of 
.\Unkwd^ tho^ not all of them to everyone^ viz. B.'iptifm^ 
Confirmation^ Eucharift^ Penance^ Extreme ZJnclion^ Or-' 
I^ and Afarriage^ and that they do confer Grace \ and 
I that of the fe^ Baptifm^ Confirmation and Orders^ may not 
I I'f repeated without Sacrilege. I do alfo receive and admit 
I *M received and approved Rights of the Catholick Church in 
J 1:CY fnlsmn j4dminiflration of the above faid Sacraments. 
I thin^\l\, I do embrace and receive all and everything that hath 
I ksn defined and declared by the holy Council of Trent co?'- 
vnfromcernhig Original Stn and Juf^ification, 
he Vim^W, I do alfoprofefs^ that in the A'fafs there is offdrednn- 
_ I til Cod a true J proper and propitiatory Sacrifice Jor the cjuic'i^ 
te, j^'jl W the dead *, and that in the most holy Sacrament of the 
Eucharist- there is tridy^ really and fubflantially the Body 
riptur(^,wd Bloody together with the Soul and Divinity of our Lord 
ht i^^'^'ijefiis Chriif^ and that there is a converfion made of the 
whole fubftance of the Bread into the Body^ and of the whole 
oth tMl'.ibfiance of the Wine into the Bloody which convcrfiod 
nd, whe Catholick Church calls Tranrabllantiation. 
d 6VJ\HI, / confefs that tind:r one kjnd only^ whole and entire 
]on.^ i^lC/jr/'i?j and a true Sacrament /v taken and received, 
nd g^'^WL' ./ do firmly believe that there is a Pur(ratory^ and that: 
the Souls kept Prifcncrs thsre^ do receive help by the Sujfra^ 
as of the EalthfnL 

. I do likewife belizve that the Saints reigning together with 
Chnfi-j are to be worfljipped and prayed unto^ and that they 
'0 offer Prayers timo God for pts-^ and that their Rcliclis are 
I arjdm be had in f^cneration. 

and(^\. I do moB firmly affert^ th'^t the Images of Christr^ of the 
Uejfcd Fir r in ti 





Mother of God^ and of other Sat 


'■♦■i^ V* 

I ,.'Hil 

f H 

H J 

* ' 



. & 



^ ii 


f 'I 



1 -jG Pope PIus'j Creed, Part Il.| 

ou^rljt to he had and retained^ and that due Honour anil 
f^tne'y^aUon ouaht to beoivcn them, 

XXI I. I doajfinti^ that the Power of I'ldwgences was left l;y\ 
Chrifl- in the Chvrih^ andti'jat theVje oj them is very Ijc. 
7iefli'iiil to Chnflian People, 

XX III. / an acktiowledfe the Holy ^ Catholick and j^pofiolnlA 
Roma 1 1 Churchy to be the Aluther and Aliftrefs of (ii\ 
Churches *, and I do promt! e and [wear true Obedience to] 
the F.jhop .7/^ Rome, the Succcjfrr of S't, ?ct^v^ the Pmc? 
of the ylpoflUs^ and Ficar of Jejm Christ. 

XX I v. / do undoubtedly receive and projefs all other thir.rd 
which have been delivered^ defined^ and declared by tM 
facred Canons and Oecumenical Councils^ and e [pec: ally lA 
the holy Synod of Treat *, and all thinj^s contrary thereurA 
to^ and all Herefies condemned^ rcje^edy and an at hem A 
tiz^ed by the Churchy J do Itkewife condemn-, rejeB^ iDiJ] 





■ :'.':!.'^' 

r', ,vi 

, '"-m 












1 !■ 

11' : 




hti n. 

t 'i 


h.n'j In Euf 

I'.nh compr 

..';f^ compi| 


^art H' 


SECT. vir. 

Concerning Cutfep in Europe, 

d. m. Miles, 

r between <[ 5^ -?«f Unr^yK"-^""""' '' "'"'"' "^^- 

/between s ^ ' ?.of Lat.V ,^ /„ , i • i 

(•^^'' L49 ioi J. '5 C Breadth is about 6^:>c^ 


k ) In Europe being divided Into two Cl^rTess ^•the Dan: h. 

C South 


Hum It ry- 


— ~| {'B'tda 

J Mo! a 
\ Liffcr 


(pr T rtary 

J Henn.inpat 
J Tergowuk - 

G ■ Crim 

iW. toE< 

e'via — 

\,:ith com pre- jBofma, -- 

heads "x '^davm'a'- 

C'oatia — 


Cireccc *** 



\ H 5 Conjlantimph 

15 . Eelgrx^c SE. tO W. 

^ f oina ScraH i 
I-'offrga J 

\ SpnlJtr't ^ W. to S^E. 

\ Salonuki"' j 

Of all thcfc ill Order. 

« '^ 

i > /!. 

, I' 






. 1 

•A V a '1 



}\ It 

l'^ i^' 



1 urkj in Europe. 
Hungary divided into 

Upptr \ 

Tin TJi-p r 

New bat! I I ■ 
Pest —- — 
CoIgc^t -- 

( W. to S. E. 

upon the 





1. 1 

eivrr i 
iuuth ! 

> t 1 // 

. J 

N. to S. upon the 7,v 


Great It j)\tdin --V "N. to S. on the E. of 





a r 


in Lovrcr 

Cfja ' 




VV. toS.E. on i[\LDahi 

VV.toE upon the /}/-.r. ' 

l'l'-'<ifc>bhrg^ ahtcr ^Iha lU'^alis iipor. ■ The Chici 


la Trd^'jfiivdni.i. 






U'itvef — 


v to N upon t [le Sa 


The Cliicf Towns :\iQi^t^nx»nark '\yr c 




the Ue 

rms- sUit upon the Aloula, 

In Fa Ltd 

The Chi'.r To.vas arcl ^^''^^^'f "J^'.oin N to S^ 

Turk) in Europe. 

In Moldavia, 



; ' ' r 

1\\i Chief Towns are 

}-From W toS. 

^^Ro7^/4nn Wi-ioar Southwar<^' 

In Little Tartar). 


He Chief Towns a»*«^^;,-^;^:;. 

The Chief Tcv/ns are 

In Row a /J id. 

< Co- J!aiitimpl 

In Bulgaria. 

Sophi :— 

T!ie Chief Towns ^xc^Sii'jhi.i- 


From N. to S. 

I Co' flaiitimph " "^ 

) j^ in Ample — 7 ( , . 

)Phtl:ppopoli, alircr 5 / ^ 


om L. to W 

M-rom S. to N. 




i n 


• ' f i» i 

I ■ i ■ 


In Serz'ia. 

The Chief Towns are 


\ridiin — 

From S. to N. 

From vS. to N. W. uprn 
the Marown, 

— ? From N. to S. 

.rnfrm — 



\i ; 


T^'rl^j In Europe. 
In Bofnia, 


The Chief Towns ^x^^ijaycza 

From E. to VV. 

l^ D'>miahich^ S'outhwai d. 

In ScLivcrJa. 

CPoPfa 7^ 

The Chid Towns ZY^<Percr-M'ara(l:n %^'^^ 

C//a(^upon the Drave. 

m VV. to E. 

In Croatia. 

The Chief Towns are 

C IV: hi f: I J ? , - 

i^arcVi.t, VVcfiw-irJ. 

In D aim Alia, 

•rom S. toN. 


'I'hna — 


The Chief Towns arc 

; From \V. to S'. i: 

Scoihatii — ) 

Ca tar a - <— — ^ 

Lailly, Greece [by llic Tf^rk^^ RumdLi'] compii 
hcnds the iollowing Div ifions. 


W//* >:.'/* — " • - ■-■ 


h pints — 


/ ij 

Idem - 

^ 'jann.i 
^ / Mem 

^ Xoithward. 


u ' ->.v...- . Til the MlcKi'lc. 

"2 \ Livadia > 

ijV Mof'cflt b'Jng -outliward of J!/ 


fart II. 

Turk) in Europe^ 


SilotUci — 

{ lltKidini^^ are ^Zcu ria — 

Fiorina ■" 

Ccgni -~" 

Alhani^ are 

I TkfjUa are 

I pi f us are 

Ahaia are 

A/iirCi are 

N. E.toS.W- 



Croia — - 

yalloHi* — 

>N. toS. 

-^ 'nrala 


•Vfi. toVV. 

But> i7ito 
I rcvcfa - 
Larta — 

N. to ?. 


J" Lcp.njto 

Ca::yi ( oliin Di'lpl.t ) 

y^.'/wiTi (olim ^//^f'W.rj MV. CO E. 

Maraton "V 

S:i-j:s ( olim Ihchx) ' J 

'Corhify — 

^\:poli fit Roma'. i a 
'i oUchina' ""- 


\ Nit'li I 

gli the ?ea-Coa(T, aH 
ruunj the Pinif^fnh' 


'I' at (^(Jq-^ 




Turkj in Europe, 

^r^H I S vaft Complex Body, comjjrehen ding thefc various CoJ 
j^ tries above-mention'd, and the moll rcm^.ikable ot 'cm bc:nl 
J/ungajf Greece, and Lit fie Hioigary i we lh:i]l iiill: treat of thcfctlir:] 
feparatcly, and then conjun£l]y of all the reft> under the General ]] 
tie of the Dan^bian Provijt es. Therefore, 

§ I. H V N G A R r. 

pM\\t.~}X^lTngary (which, for Method's fake, we dill con^l.T:] 
x\ un.lcr the Gencr.1l Head oi European Turky, tho'ajir,'. 
jntirely under the Emperor of Cerwatiy) contains a part of Punmi. 
wit hfome of ancient Gc>'^?^/J7?>' and Vana: is now bounded onih.I: 
by Tranfilvania ; on the Weft by ylujtriJ. ; on the North by i ow,: 
j'ropria ; on the South by S^lavon''i ; and term'd by the I^^lians, f/J 
gharict) hy t\\tt y^atuards, huvgrici-, by the French, Uungric ; by thj 
Gerfna?is, Ungcrv ; ;'.nd by the Englijh, Hungary j fo caird from llic.J 
cient Inhabitants, ihtlltmr.i or t'Uns. 

Qk\X~] The y^/r of this Country Is generrilly eHteni'd very i;i 
v.lioHom to breath in ; which ib chiefly occafion'd from much Mj 
i'-(ii Ground, and L.-^keSj wherewith this (.'ounrry abounds 
Tlte oppofite Place of the Globe to I-migary, is that part of the 
Facilick Ocean, between 218 and 21, Degrees of Longitude, witl 
4.3 and 49 Degrees of South Latitude. 

^^it ] The .^o/.'of this Country (^r lying in the 7th and Stli N' r;| 
rjiniate) is very fruitful in Corfj and Roots, and various ibrts olpb 
fuu l^Vuif, aftbrding nifo exccller.r PaOurage; and feveial cf 
M")Untains produce Ibme valuable Mines of Cop(;ei-, Iron, Quirk'! 
vei, Antimony and Salt. Yea, (V» nor^id is this Country for Mii::j 
tliat no lefsthan fcv^n remarkable Towns gv) by the Nameol'' 
TuT\vi(^ the chief of which is Ch 7>ni iX, ^vhofj Mine h-nh been wrouLliI 
in about 900 Years. The Lengrh of the Days and Nigijts in llm'p\^ 
is much the fame as in the Southcri; Ci/clcS of Gtmn.jiy. 

Commrti'tC-Jl This being an Country, and thtriby h.iv 
no lettl'd Trade with Torclgn Parts, we my reckon the Prii:^ 
of the Soil the chief Cotiimoditics with which the Inhabitants c 
with their Neighbours. 

l\ni'itie'?.] Here are many Ntural Ciths. efpeclally thofe at f» i 

which are rtckon'd the nob'efV in Europ", not only for th-.-ir variety 

/lot Springs, but alib tht cf their lluildings. There y\ 



'art. II 

cm bt;?,] 
hefe tl;r 

part II. 

Turk) in Europe* 


1 con ^1:1, J 

f Panvdn 
■)n tlu'L 
by loktl 
iiians, [/if 
c; bythi 
m\ the : J 

\ very i;ii 
much Mj 
/ sbounii 
of the v.i| 
uJe, will 

Stli Nrr:| 
rts oi p'caj 
•cial ff 
, Quirkl 
for Mii;:J 
inc of 
II wroui;!! 
. in Hur.p\ 

( bv hav, 

likewife two hot Bagnios near Tranjchin, upon the Confines oi Mora- 
.,4- and othsrs at ch^nniti in Upyr H'-ngary. Tii:{\a^s which, there are 
\V,iters in feveral Parts of tliis Country of a petrifying nature, and o- 
thersthit corrode Iron to fnch a degree,that they'll confume a Horfe- 
jliooe in 24 Hours. Near Efperief in U,>per Hungary^ are two deadly 
fountains, whofe Waters fend forth fuch an infeifious Steam, that 
-killscither Beaft or Bird approaching the fame; for the prerenting 
of which, they are wali'd round, and kept always covcr'd. 

gvc!jti?!)'P^t'^-^ ] y^rch' iJ})o;rkks in this Country, are thofe of 

Granj Colicza. 

t^isIjOpjitfe?.] Bijhyich in this Country, are thcfe of 




Great i^'aradin* 

Ik Tr 


amUptRtie^ J Wh:^t U,:rjerpies are e^.^blifliM in this Country, 
jiiicc the rc-taknig it from the InfidcJ.s, is uncertain. 

f;"jj[nn:r0 ] The Hnii^nriayts (irorc addifltd to ^'ars x\n\\ Mlner^j^) 

V:\t generally lookM upon as gooj Soldiers, being Men, for the 

Xmo'X part, of a ftrorr,; .md wjII proporrion'd Bod*/, valiant and da- 

rng ill their Undcrcaking'^, but reputed crucJ and iniulting when 


I'nSinje.l TIk' U'mgan'auf hn-e a p'.rculiar I-anf»iMg'* of their OWHf 
IvhicK hatli htrle 01 no Atfmity with rlioll: of tlic Neighbouring 
|Narion«?, five only the S-l'^'o ic, from wl^.ich it hntli borrow d feve«. 
\n] Words and which is alfo fijolci^n in f'-^nvj Parts ofrhis Country, 
lasth-; German is in orlv/rs. Pater A'o//.r m the llu g^rifin Tongue runs 
Itiius : My afya'-'c h 'Vtis.y a\ nnnni'^lbrf, i{cinch jf c m gn te n njcci: jojon 
hi ^ tc orJiJgod ; !tgv n r,icg.% 'e akii'.'t'oi^ wuc ,%{ Wt'ttyk'', uiy itt e{ 
y'do is ; a^ niimijhirintdjn kenyirunhit a i >ug ' 7na : es hoc\.'4fd meg 
\%ir av:c a7^ mi vt L i^ikjt, 7nik'ppi:w niiis tn:'hoc\jt!iHc a^'knacy a\ kic 
Y' (llnmnc njet hc\lc7i:c: <:S nc vi^i >i-ink.t ii[ k^jlrtit e, dc l\abaMf{m^'g 
hixkct a\ gomj'i'cl. A>:'nn. 


bitancs cmH /^'OtJci'iimrnt. ; This- Kingdom bdntj :\h\v>^ wholly recovered from 
t;ic f/rowT^w Slavery by the late l\icc> f ful ProgreCs C)f the Imperial 
Arms, is now dependent on the JiirililK.iioi^ ot the i"mptr'->r, who is 
liii'J King thereof. The AlK'inbly oftli- States conlills cf the Clergy ^ 

ofe at h 

variety ^ 

. Th«.^rc /I 


ii'''()«;, NobLmcfi and Fr e C/.\Vj, who iir'jijly nuer once every three 
|Ve,irs} which AlHinbly hah Powci co llUi <i Talttin, \\\\o (by 


' Afm 



» * 1 



m I 

fi 'i>-i,i' 


Ttdrky in Europe, 

Part Il||PartII* 

the Conftltiitlon of the RL*alni ) oimiit to be a N.-.tlve of llura ' . 
jiitl to him belongs the inaiKigeiiKHC of iill Aiilitary Concerns, -j 
•^Ifo the Adminiftiacion of Juilicc in Atr.iii5» both Civil iuij C:j^ 

ann^.] See Gcrmnny. 

Iflclijion.^ The prevnillnff RcUciov In this Coiintry Is rlu^r of tli 
Churcli of Ko;/;r, cfpccially fiiice the liite ('onqucils ni.ulc by the i;n^ 
perial Arms. Next t'> it is t!ie Oodrine of L«i/;(rr and C^/v';;, whicii 
is zeabnilly nuint.iin'J by grtr;it nmlritiulcs of People, -iAwd mmyfij 
^cm are Pcrfons of coniicici.ibic ?>Jore. Eciidcs thele, are to be founj 
moft: Sorts itnJ S'c^iv r)f rhriitianS) as .ilto m:iny 'jcws^ and hlahort]anA 
not a few. Tliis Kuigdom rccciv'd the Knowledge of the Vi\^[\d 
CJofpel in the bc<'.iiining of the Llcvrnth rentury> and that by thi 
"indulhious rictclun-^ ot' yJlkrr, Aichbilliop oi Tiff^uc* 


X.f- I 


§ 2. G REE C E. 

n'-iiv" /^"^ f-JrtV^, [^ formally G'.tt:^ a n d f /. ///^ ; and now BounJcj 
Vj" on tlic ILill- by the .i>\hi cl.igo-, or .Egian Sea ; n:i ;| 
Nv)Uh by the Dtvm'i n Piovincts ; oji rh^' Well: and South by pi 
t)!' tiie Mc^ifirrr:>::a?i ^ca'^ is teriVi J by the Itniians ami ^*^,.''.i /.rjj 
Craiui \ by the IVtJuh, Li C ccc ; by the Gerriia' s, Gricch^' hind; -A 
by the Er:c;l;j^), Cr-.cce : Why to c.d)'J> is Vcuioullv conjcctui \1 bi 

our Modem Cnrick.s: bii: tl, 

nioll rtceiv 


l)inion IS, 

Niine derive;* iti Oiiginal fioni aa AJicicnc Prince of thac Cou;;:!)! 

C.dl'd Gr*CH5» 

^aU'.J The /i r of this Country Icln;'; generally Piirt' and Tcrpa 
rate, is reckoned very ple.ifmc and healthful to brC'th in. Vi 
«)pp(;(*ire Pi ice of tlie Globe to Crcc e, is that Part of ch.e vad P;i:| 
fick Ocv'in, between 22S '<n<\ 2;^ D> grecs of Lo.igitude, wiih jj 
iUjd 42 I.)egrec,s of Souili I.acicuue. 

'S'Cl! ] Tfic Sc'il of tliis Cdiinrry ( it ly'ng under the 6:\\ Nntj 
Ciiinate) is not only \'cry fir f<n" Pallinx', ( tliere being much fcnil 
('hampaign Ground ) bur alfo it oil'ords guod floie of (ir.dii. whd 
duly manuied ; .wul abouoils witli txccHenr Grai es, and o'^herdj 
licious I'rnits. The loiigeO O.-y in ths- NorrhnuyfV pair of c:'V.Yf,[ 
i<!nnif is-ll(;urs; tin- llioitcft i:i the Souihinoll, 9 Hours 'l'. 
clis' Ni;;hC5 proportionably. 


rt llllPartn- 

Turky in Europe. 


ContmoDitif;8f.] The Ch'xti Commoiitus of this Country, are rec* 
,,on'd Raw Silks, Pernocochi, Oyl, Turky-Lcather, Cake-Soap, 
Inoney, Wax, ^c. 

Kanti«;8'.] At Ca/Iri (a little Village on the South oiM, famajfiyf, 
h^Lucurat by the Turks) are fome Infcriptions, which evince it 
luhave been the ancient Ddi^hij fo famous all the World ovr:r for 
htOTiide oi j^poUo* (2.) On the aforefaid Mountain is a pieafant 
Ijpring, which having feveral Marble Steps defccnding to itj and 
Lny Niches made in the Rock for Statues, give occalion to think 
|(!iatthis was the rcnown'd Fom Caftalim, or CabAllivwiy which infpir'd 
|(as People then imagin'd^ the ancient Poets. (^.) In Livudia Cthe 
ljDcicnt^t/»;«/^j is a hideous Cavern in a Hill, which was very fa- 
mous of old for the Oracles of Trophomut, (4.) Between theJarge 
Lake of Livadii and the Euboean Sea, (whofe Ihorteft diftance is four 
|\lilis) are upwards of 40 wonderful Subterraneous Paffages hewn 
ijt ot the tirm Rock, and that quite under a huge Mountain, to let 
llie Water have a Vent, otherwife the Lake being furrounded witb 
[Hills, and conftantly fupply'd by feveral Rivulets from thefc Hills, 
Iwuldftill overflow the adjacent Country. (5.) On M. Oneim, in the 
Ifthmus ofCorhithy are the Remains of the Jjihmian Thaavcy being the 
^lace where the Jflhmian Games were formerly celebrated. (6 ) 
iereare alfofome Veftigia of that Wall built by the Lacddamonians^ 
lotn one Sea to the other, for fecuring the Pcninfula from the In- 
iiirfions oi the Enemy. (7.) Thro* moft Parts of Greece, are ftill 
pant the Ruins of many Heathen Temples, efpecially that of the 
boddefs Ceres at Eleufis (about four Hours from Athens) a part of 
Mt Statue is yet to be feen. And at Silonichi are feveral ttately 
Ciiriftian Churches (particularly thofe of S. Sophiii, Gibrkl^ and the 
lirgin tAxry) now converted into Mahometan Mofques, the laft of 
(hich is a Noble Strufture, environ'd on each fide with 12 Pillars 
if .fi//^£?r Stone, and as many Croffes upon their Chapiters re- 
taining as yet undefaced by the Turks. But the Chief Rarities of 
hricce may be reckon'd thofc various Monuments of Antiquity to 
[e feen at j'Jtkns : The Chief of which are thefe following^ (1.^ 
Tie AcropolUy or Citadel, the moft ancient and eminent part of 
lie City, (a.) The Foundations of the Walls round the City, fup- 
ttfed to be thofe erected byThefem, who enlarg'd the fame. (3.) 
Jhe Temple of M/»erv,t ( now a T«rit//]j Mofque ) as intire, as 
let, as the Estonia at Jiome^ and is one of the moft beautiful Pieces 
i Antiquity that's excant this Day in the World. (4.) The Pana- 
\i^0otijf.t^ or Church of our Lady of the Grotto. (5.) Some mag^ 
liticent Pillars, particularly thofe commonly reckon'd the Re- 
lain? oi Mnitn*^ l\ihceg of which there were formerly fix Rows? 





186 Tr^rky in Europe. Part I[| 

and 20 in each Row, but now only 17 ftand upright, and ar« 
52 Foot high, and 17 in Circumference at theBafc. Here l.kt^," 
is n Gate and an Aqu^\1u:t of tlie faid Emperor. (6.) The Staiiun 
or Phce wh^re fhc Ciizens us'd to run Races, tncounter Wi 
Beafts,and celcbntcd the f^unous Games, term'u rdvathim, ,- 
The W\\\,Mufa.iim fnow call'd To S:f^i\io by rhe In> abj-anrs) fo raiv 
from the Poet, MiifjiMy the DifcipleoF(?r//^f«4, who was wont ther 
to recite his Verles. (8.) Some remains conj^.^tured to be fholeo 
the AreopAgm and Od^um^ or Theatre of Mufick. (9.) The Ruins 
many Tempks^ erpeci:illy o( Auguflmy whofe Front is ftiil in ir, 
confifting of four Dorick Pillars ; as alio thof^- of Thefem, Benuk. 
Jupiter Olyrrfpii/jy Cuftor and Volluxy i^c. (10.) The Tor^^er o\: A-iihorl 
cvA Cyrrhdjlis^ or Temp'e of the Eight Winds ii-ill intire, (u, 
The P/i^wuri, or Lanthcrn of Z?ew(?/?/'^wf55 being a little Edificeci 
"White Ma.ble, in Form of a Lanthorn, which is alfo intire. For 
particular Defcription of all thefe Rarities, both zt Axhtm, arj 
other Parts of GVea-e, with many remarkable Infcriptions, buthi 
Cre& and Lmn^ Vid, Wheeler's Travels- 

5trcl)bi0ljop?ick)af.] Anhbifropricks in this Country are chiefly thofcul 









%xi\muik^.'\ hJfljGp^uks in this Country, are chiefly thofe of 


Argiro Cajiro, 






C^iUDcrlUtesf J No Vniverfnics in this Country, tho' once thefe 
cfth. Mules; bjr in lir'u i)f rhcni are 24 Moiiaftcriesof O/^^/jcu 
Creek Monks, of the Ov<Ui of St. Bajil^ who live in a Collegiiti 
man.ier on the famous Al.Athos^ (now rcrni'd o^Q- ccyiov, on: 
Holy Mountain; whore the younger Sort are iiifti uiled in the He 
?y Scriptuics, anj the various Rices of the Creek Church; andosi 
of thele Coilegcs, ^rc uiuilly ciiofen tlioib Bilhops who aie iub;(l 
to the Pat) larch ui ConihnunGple, 

Cr^flriRci'iX 1 The G'c'c'h (moft famous of old, both for Arms j: 
A^irts, aiiii rvery tlungcUc tiiar's tiuiy "Valua;>lejarefo wondeii'd 
•i;r^eiK'rated from thcii- i:'orcf«ichtrs, that inftead of tliofe cxce!k!| 

I part ir. Turky in Europe, 

malities which did fliine in 'em, pirficularly K^-owh'Jgc, Tniii:r.cej 
j;.j Vxlour^ thtre's nothing row to b-.- (cen amor.i;, 'cm, bur the v^ry 

|[(everle or Contrary of there,and thnria the hi^l.t ft .Ugrcf. iuch 
i; the Prfjfurd of the Ottoman Yoak, unclear v^hich th^ \ -'.roan at pre, 
i;nr, that their .S/u'r/n- arc quite funk witiiin Vm, and their very 

I \fp(.ft doth plainly declare a difconfulate and d< j^-cled A'ind. How- 

U': ST, the unt!:i): king Part of 'cm do lolicth; c-.nrkler rh: ir pr-.-fent jLi' 

\:!ii^SuL]eLlicn, thdt there's no l-'eoplc movc^oz'ijl and Merrily-iifposd, 
b:ing fo much ^iven to J/V;^^/>_^and Pancingj that 'ri? now b;.coi.;e a 

iProvcrbial Saying, yls mary qa a CrteL The Trading, Pain ot 'cm 
ire generally very Cunning, an! To inclinM to over-rejch (if they 

lean) in their Dealings, that Striv^i^i^rsdo not only meet with nuicli 
poreCandour amon^ the t'urks ; that if one Tjol'L-eni in tlic Ijafi to 
difcredit another's IVord or Pre;/;;// 1', his I{epiy is Itill at hand, I hope yon 

Um't take me for n Chnflian : Such is that JUot, w hich ' helc Impru- 
dent Pfofcffors of chrijiiunity have caft upon our moii: Hoiy Religi- 
on, ia the Eyes of its numerous and implacable Adverlarits. 


ynjiUSf-j The Languages here in ufe, are the Turkifi^irA Vulgar 

~ ~ - ^ _ o o — — J — -- - J- o 

'cck (the firft being peculiar to the Tu>l:s, and the orrer to the 

bifli^ns) a Specimen of the former (hall be rjven ir. the lalt Par^im 

|^rj/(i? of this Section. As for the other, I cm't oniit to mention 

the mighty difference there is betwixt it and the ancient 6';et'/l', 

not only in refpedl of the many lurhijh Words now intermixt, but 

alfo in the very Pronunciation of thole which yet remain unjUer- 

eJ; as I particularly obferv'd by convening with levcral of the 

Gr-:d ClerjjjV in the Idand o^ cyvruiy and ellewtiere ; and being pre> 

fent at fume of their publij k Prayerr. Yea, the Knowledge of the 

ancient Oefil in its former Purity, i^ not only loli among the vul- 

gir fort of People, butallb almoli extinguilh'd even among thofe 

lofthe higheit Rank, few or none of their Hcclefiafticks themfelves 

pretending to be Mafters of ir. And at A(L')u (once io renowuM for 

Learning and Fdoquence) their Tonj:',ue is now more corrcpt and 

barbarou'5, than in any other part of c7/ce:c?, P;itt'r-A'(?/?er in the 

bill Di decl of the modern Greek, runs thus : Vater hernjA, opios if^ 

Jivj tos Oii}\mom hjgUjrhito to OnonLifou, 7li erti he b.ijili.i fou ; to tkelanz 

wii ti.tiin^te:^ it:^on en tc Ce, os U ton Oitrxnon : To pfom: her?j.i^ doje be- 

hi^funeron* h^cficborjfi he^hOi ta t.yi/) hemon it^onj kje hemMjifhon- 

hmn cLino'ciopou, mia ddikomkx men t:rn:s henus U to pirafino, alU 

yojhi hem^ii ap to k.iko. Amen, 

(?olurnment.] So iTiany brave and valiant Generals did Greece for- 

neiiy breed, t\\uSv\i',igcrs ufually reforted thither to learn the Arc 

('fWar; and fuch were the MHhj.ry Atchievements af thhVto^X^^ 

both at homo and ahro^iy and fo far did the force of their Arms ex- 

Itend, that under ilv/nO^'^iit /Ucjct^^der wa5 ercded the tliird Potent 

Q i Monarchy 

\'-i '1 


1 88 Turk) in Europe . 

Monarchy of the PFoWi^. But alas! fuch hath been the fad Caufiro^];^ 
cf /Ifjairs in this Coamry^ and Co low and lamentable is its Conditioa 
at prefent, that nothing of its former Glory and Grj.niair is now to 
be feen. For its poorand miferable Niitives, are now ftrangely cow'd 
and difpirited ; its (once) numerous and flourifhingC/t/ei, arcnojir 
depopulated, and meer heaps odiiiins ; its large and fertile Vrovinc.-j 
arc now laid wafte, and lie uncultivated. Ana lately, the whole,and 
-ftill a great part of the Country, doth now groan under the heav/ 
Burden of the Turiijh Yoke ; and its various Divilions are rul'db/ 
their ref^e^^ive Singiacs in Subordination to the Gr^iHci Signior. 

^mi.^ See the laft Paragraph of this Seftion. 

Kelision.] The eftablifb'd Religion in this Country, is that of M^> 
bometanifm-y but Chriftianity (for its number of Profcffors; doth fa: 
more prevail. The chief Tenets of the Mahometan JS^Ugion may be! 
feen § 4. of this Seflion (to which I remit the J^ader.) As for Chrifti.j 
anity, 'tis profefs'd in this Country, according to the Z^o^nweof thej 
Grceli^Ckurck, the Principgl Points of which, as it differs from tliej 
t^ejiern CbriJiUn Churches (whether rrotejlafit or I{oman) are thefe 
following, vi^, (1.) The Greeks deny the Proceflion cf the Hoi/ 
Ghofl from the Son, aflerting that he proceedeth only from the Fa- 
ther thro' the Son. (1,) They alfo deny the Vodrine of PurgmnA 
yet ufually pray for the Dead. (^) They believe that the Souls of 
the i-Wt//^/ departed this Life, are not admitted nnto the F.cjiufAl 
yi^^on till after the J{efiirre^iofj, (4.) They celebrate the Bhjfcd S^cri,] 
iriL-ht of the Eachxrift in both Kinds, but make the Communiam take 
three Morfels ofleavcn'd Bread, and three fips of Wine, in Honour 
of the Three Perfons of the Adorable Trinity. (5.) They admit Chil.; 
dien to participate of the Sacrament of the lord's Supper, when only] 
feven Years of Age, becaufe then it is (fay they) that they begin toj 
Sin. ((5.) They allow not of Extream Vnflion and Cotifirmation, and 
difapprove of fourth Marriages. (7.) They admit none into Holy 
Orders but fuch as are married, and inhibit all fccond Marriages, I 
being once in Orders. (S-) They rejed all carved Images, but admiL| 
Gfriilurcs, wherewith they adorn their Churches* Laftly, They oh. 
ferve four Lents in the Year, and efteem it unlawful to Fail: upon 
'Saturdays, In their Publich IVorJjjip they ufe four Liturgies, vi^' ^ bat 
commonly cail'd St,fames\ St.Chryfo/lom's, St. Bafil% and St.Crego^j 
the Great's, together with Leflbns out of the Lives of their Sainti, 
which makes their Service to be of fuch a tedious indifcreet length, 
that it commonly lafts five or fix Hours together. The Fafts and Fe. 
ftivals yearly obfervM in theC,Vc';l' Chiirtb are very numerous; ani 
were it not for 'em, *tis probable that Chrijiianity had been quite 
<'xtjrp-ited out of this Cmvtri long *cre now ; For by means of the 

Sole ni nil i-"^^^ 

Part 11 J fart IL 

I Fart n. Turky in Europe. 189 

I jolemnities (which yet are celebrated with a multitude of ridiciilou^ 

2:id faperltitious Certmonies) they ftij] preferve a Face of /^-/jfg/fl» 

jnder a Patriarch, j^who refides at Conflammopk~] and feveral Arch- 

|t,f;-fl/;jand Bifiops, particularly thofeabovemention^d. But did we 

vi,'W thofe EcckfidjHds in their Inte lie cluaJs^ as alfo the lamentable 

|j:ateofall7't?r/(;?/--rommitted to their Chirge, we (hould find both 

jrjcft ^nd TtfopU labouring under fuch grofs and woful Ignorance-, 

hhatwe could not refrain from wifhing, that the ^viftern Churches 

Wchrijiendom [_by their Divifions, Impieties, and Abufe of I^or^led^c^ 

|r:ay not provoke the Almighty at laft to plague 'em likewife with the 

■Me Darknefs znd Defoldtion, This Coumry was water'd with the 

iBlelTedGofprl in the very Infancy of chiftianity^ and that by the 

I powerful Preaching of St. P^m/, the Apoftle of the Gentiles, 

§ J. Lutle Tartary. 

P.jme.] r Itletartary Q anciently T^nr/V^ Cherfojiejia, or Tartar ia, 
\"j ProcopetjjiSf being the Leffer Scythia^ and a part of Old 
\SxmiiiUy and now Bounded on the Eait by Georgia, and the River 
\]im\ on the Weft by roiolia\ on the North by Part of Mofcoviai 

and on the South by the Black-Sea'^ is term'd by the Italians^ Tar- 
Uirii Minor'y by the Spaniards^ Tartaria Me?wr'y by the French, La IV- 
uiti Tartaric \ by the Germans^ jQeine Tartary • and by the Erj£lijl)y Lit- 
\\k Tdrtary ; fo call'd to diftinguifli it from Great Tartary in Jfia ; as 
\i\[o Crim-Tartary from Crim, the principal City of the Country. 

Sii" The Air of this Country is generally granted to be of a 
I very temperate Nature, but yet unheaithfiil to breath in. The 
cppofite Place of the Globe to Little Tartary, is that part of Terra 
Uiiflralif incognita. Between 240 and 250 Degrees of Longitude, 
|wiih48 and 52 Degrees of South Latilude. 

M.] The i'o/7 of this Country (it lying in the 8th North Cli. 
Imate) is very ditferent in ditferent Parts, feme Places abounding 
with Grain and Fruits, and others,pefter'd with undrainableAiVjjI.vy, 
and barren Mountaivs. The length of the Days and Nights here, 
[isthe fame as in the Northern parts of Trance* 

CommotitiW.] The Commodities of this Country are reckoned 
ISlaves, Leather, Chalcal Skins, and feveral forts of Furs, which 
they exchange with the Adjacent Turks for other Commodities 
|they want. 

H3rit(t8f.] Some Travellers relate of this wild and barbarous Part 
lof the World, that few, or no, ravenous Beafts are found therein, 

O 3 And 



:i ',» X 



1 V' 










i ^' 




V ifl 

1^ ■' 


if 'I'M 
Kit < < ! 


I go T^trkj In Europe. Part HJ 

AndotliCrs tell u-;, That many of its Fens and Marfnes about ij 
mi-hiily wl Ii S lit, Wiiich is naturally there prcdut'd in ^jrudi^i^uj 


ir(?j'i:n^vp?i'^3] JrchbiPjcprids in this Country. Non-^. 
^:ilj.\ ?;.l;,<i.] B'fiopricks in this Country, are thofe of 

O/.?, GQthia, 

C,'nil3C''^ticr.] v?nvcrfities in this Country. None. 

•"Mnn.r:.;! T;j r>'/-/7 7>rMrv are generally MwTi of vigorous 
o1>'.j1 ou(li.'-, tible lotn'iU! ail fhe Mardlhips of a Miiirary Lit, J 

au:: .ii '.n. o(' '?'n (being m •uM wiiii CoUriigc and Vi^ourt^f Mi';;! 
c. •!'.>; 11) ':o h i Sirciiiith of Body) prove the birlt of ScldicT-.l 

T'l^y aie ii'.pur.ed to In vtrv jail in their Dealings ui^h one ani.) 
th.-r, biu f:r otlurv^ile vrir.h Scr^ng'rrs. Mary of 'cm are n.ucii <..;• 
dieted '■0 Pillage, and they Uiiially feed up'jn :lor:e-Flclh. 

T "no,trf:c. i The i.njguJ re of rhe Crlm-ljrtnrs is the i'ryr/v./?/, (.n 
purf 7irfj>!'/'^;/t.% which hath !uch a r^^f^mhlanc-^ to r.hj /.v/i/ tr.e 
SpDi'Jh 10 I he- yt •/•■.n/ ; thirPj l.i t irs ant lurks unci rft.indlng one an- 
oti' 1, as !.ii():e ot Itily and 6'/;a;V;. The Wrj^/' (' is l^.cre u arnM A 
.Scho;)I, as in iroft I'.irtsof Jmly, Vatcr-Noiicr in \\^ Lirt.ire^j^d^^ 
I'lms tJur. \ y'.'.fh.i vj?nyd C'.yhoUj. f:^ ^'F-,''f ^% ^'^o>' /Vp^wn ruii ukfl /.(o?;:,; 
chmluilov^ Ifcl I'uv /■■> wiip^ drkl)'^^ akigidr dn 'vkd'huvc'r vifum v^nr,ii.\ 
luih 01 mA' till wiifcK vOiU'Oii kit vifiim uifuch:v^ doi bffdichx i: •]:ll;^riy, 
bijum j.ifoih h'UiniJifi^ d.itci:>a kcti):.t "jifu jUinUfUtt^, illu /i^irtj i'ijhni,^\-\ 
tiu^idutii. /hiii^i. 

Co.:a"n ' nir.j 'i'hii, Country i.s govcrn'd by ifs own Prince, coir. 
m.ifiJv term"d thc(V/;.;r/Z of futvy^ wlio is uad'rr the i-roudion (.ft'.:.'| 
i'i:t'M r.iii, 'AhofcSovercii^ncy h--' acknowledjj-. tii by the ul'ual Or. 
mony or r^'C'vivin!/^ a .Siaridard.The (7>\j?;j jV/^;///ci>- aduiliy poif. iLiiil 
Jbm^.' VmI of tlii:» Country, an.l maintain!* on- B^glicrbt^^ ami two 
^■iv^'j.hy in ile I'iaccs of !^:cntcft Importance; As alfo, le d^ 
tains as Ho!l>i^ , li-.* apparent Sncccfloc of the C/ur/;, wiu) is ir- 
fiiiiarily cither liis Son or Brother. To all which, the Turt^rs r^^d,,'; 
yield upon the Account of an anci^nc Compad ; whereby tliij 
i'lrhfi Lmpiic is laid io flcl-.end to 'em, wJienever the Heirs-nuu' 
ct the Ottoiun Line Ihail fail, 

avnio. ] The Cham of Tuft.ry boars for iiis Enli^ns Annoiial;. <' 
three Gritiiub ^'^^7:, aimM uuia. 

'^'^ Illpart 11. 


Turk) in Europe. 


Sc!i5Jon.] The Crim-Tartars (for the moft parf) are zealous Pro- 
;. -ars of the Ma ho met Lin Do till nQ^ except f.-m- who continue itiil 
■ Kin; and intermixt with therm arc many Cbilj-iins, efp.cialiy 
(;,-^i'h ZindyhmenianSy beiidcs a coniidtTAble number ot Jinmur! ' ]cL' 
v'ulick';. When this Country was Hrft watcrM with the Biclled 
oo'pel, IS not very certain. 


§ 4. Dtnubian Provinces, 

'pHE remaining Part of Turky in F.urope [ bounded on 
the Eaji by ruxifiui an.l 'h^ Prop'jutu y on the 
iWfi h\; Hmgiry 'y on the North h)' roUr.i \ and un the Sow.h b^ 
G'-Jcfitfj is here conlidei \\ under the alTum'a i'itlc of Djivnbun i^io- 
vifices. This we chufe to do upon the Account of chtir Situation, 
b.Hng near unto or upon the Banks of the Ddnu'u., Buf lince eacfi 
ofchvfe Provinces requires a pLCuliar Etymohfiyy take the fame as 
foHoweth : (i, TravjilvavtA (the .incicVt D.icix Nitiiitc^rxnc.i) 10 
cali'd by the I[o:yiA>is, ^iiifi travs fylvA^^ it;.', formerly ci^con^paf- 
i;d with vail mighty Furtlh. ( .) Vdluhli, fp^'"^ ^" ^''■' ^-'^'^'^^ <^^^" 
niptedly fo call'd for Fhccij^ which Ti:.l' came trom onf FLiccui, an 
a- cient General, who made tha^:. part of tl;e Counrry a ^'7?n;tw Co- 
lony. (3.) Mohiavia, (the Seat of the ancient Getx) fo call d from a 
litrle Ri\^erof the lame Nam?. ^J F^-m.iv,ui, (iha chi^'fcit Part of 
Old Jhracc) fo cali'd fiom 7^;??7i Nov.:, viz. Covj}.ivv.r.op]>:. {<:.) ihil- 
fir'uy or rather WolgvU, ( th" Old ?<h:ju h:\aior ) io call'd from 
\'Q'gty it bcin^ formerly fubdu'd and p'nTcfs'd by a Pcoplu^ which 
C'lme from the iianks of thar Kivcr. (6.) ^Vrvi.^ (of Old Mtc/a Su- 
I'rior) wliy foca'.l'd, is not v.'jry C'-rrain (7 ) o'ifhU^ t part of the 
ancient Va^ywvi.i) fo cahM from a River <d the lame Name, (j.) 
S Irjoriit) another Part of VAmiov.ii) ivi ciUM from iij ancient Inha- 
biiants, the Schvi. (9,) Crosti.i^ (hcretolore known by the Name or 
L'/>;(/7;u) fo call'd fiom its In ha !)i tan r?, the C>oitcs, L.^ftly, DiU 
r,iiti,t, (inucii ot the ancient /A)/ i.;«w) l)Ut ai for the Etymology ot 
that Nam 

it's not yet ti^reed upon among Ciitic 

«k Jt 

^ii*'"! The /;V of thefo various Provinces doih mightily vary, 3C 
cordina,to their Situation and Nature of the Soil. The opj)or)Lr 
Place of the Globe to th^m, is that PaiLof the vaft PaciHck Oce- 
an, between 22; and 255 De£,recs of Longicude, with 42 and 48 
Degrees o( S'cuth Latitud;. 

•^rOfl 1 The Soil of thcfe various Piovirces (they lying in the 7th 
and Sth North Climjic)c:innot reaibnably be exptded to be the fame 
in all. (rcAiix U Cuhl and Mountainous, yet pioducin^ a\\ Kccefjinc . 

O 4 ^^'•: 




192 Turky in Europe. Part. II, 

for the Life of Man. ServtA much more Pleafant and Fertil. Bulgmi 
Unpleafant and Barren, being full of Defarts, and ill Inhabited! 
MoliavU more Temperate and Fertil, but the greateft part of it) 
iinculrivated,'i^W(t»M affords great quantity of Corn and Fruits,anclj 
feveral of its Mountains produce ^omc Mines oi Silver, lead, ani. 
y//«nr. The longeft Day in the Nortkmofi-^^rt is about 16 Hours J 
the Ihortt'ft in the Southmofl is 9 Hours,and theM^git^f^proportionably! 

CommoDfticf.] Moft of thefe Provinces being Inland Barren 
Countries ( except /^m(zw/j ) and therefore little frequented byl 
Strangers; the number of their Cowwo^mw can't be very great ;j 
lave omy tliof- exported from Stamboul, which are chiefly GrogrnA 
CawblJts, Mohxir, c^rpetsy Annifeeisy Cottons^ GillSf and moft other 
rich lurkifi) Commodities. 

Karttifff. ] In one of the Mines of Tranfilvmitvi^. that at J^miln 
Vominurdti, are found fometimes large Lumps oi Virgin Goldy fiCfor! 
the .W/wf, without any purifying. (2.) Other parts of this Country 2i\.\ 
ford fuch vafl quantities of Stone-Salt, as to fupply all the Neighbour.' 
ing Nations with that ufcful Mineral. ^3.) Near to Engueiine^ in the 
Ume Principjlityt (the ancient ^ww/hj??) are fever Jl Monuments oij 
JIntiquityt efpecially the Remains of a large Military Way, or long 
Caufway made by one Aymim^ aCaptainof a I{pmin Cohort. (4) At 
Sp/jLitro in Ddmatidi are the Ruins o^Viockfians Palace, in which he 
took up his Reiidencc when he retir d from the Empire*. (<,.) Here 
is alia an intire Temple confecrated to Jupiter^ which is of an O^o-i 
gi^nal Form, and adornM with feveral ftately Pillars of Porpliyiv. 
{(>') At 7irii in the fam' Province are many Ruins of /^m^?; Aidii- 
leaure, and fcveral Heat, ^/fin, iiill to be fccn. But what ncftiy 
defcrves our regard, are thofc Monuments oi Ami ({uity^ as yet extant, 
in or near to CorJhntinopJc^ the chief which are thefe following,, vr^, 
(r/ Th-' /lippndromc (now call'd Atmiian^ a word of like Signihcat'- 
on) in which remains Comf {{^te\y I:iieroglypkiial rillivs, particuiailv 
one of i-rypf/.;;; dianlre, 50 Foot long, and yet but ont Stone; 
ar.!^ another ofBralSj only 14 Foot high, and in Form of three $c\- 
\x nts wr( ati'Vl tof.ethcr up to the Top, where their Heads fcpaiMte, 
ixwn !i)ok three diflcrent wavs. (?.) South of the JJippodronie, is that 
C>ol^nin commonly callM ih^ I/iJioriiul Villtr," curioully carv'd tror.i 
I'op to lk)ttom,^ c-preifing variety vf If'df tile Aclions, C3.) Weftot 
tiie Jj!p;nJromi,', .d another Colimin of Vorphyry, brought hither Mor.i 
f\Oirie by Cwlfanti):r the Grcdt, which having IntTerM much Damage.* 
hy Fire, is now cnlTd the l\ii>nt rilLir, (4.) Ni>L)i the Mouth of tht; 
^Itrl: Scdy isaPiDar of the Conrthia7i UviUr, aiiouc 10 Foot high, 
v/uh an imparled /;;/I'7/'t/r»;on its Bale, vulgarly callM rcvipr/i lt'< 
/?.^',which hiih. b'vcn probsbly crcdcdlor a St.i-m^i^k by Day, aj, ti;;: 

Larit 1)011 

't. II. 





great ;} 


i I<lmili 
fit for 
ntry af. 
pj'bour. j 
in the 
ents oti 
>r long 
'4 J At, 
I Here 


Ifartll. TuTky In Europe. 195 

pthorn at rhanari is by Nighr. C5.)Froni the ^/jrl .?(?<« to the Ci- 
toi Covjfaminoph^ reacheth that Uob\c Jquedufl^ made by the 
pmperor Valeminian, (whofe Name it rctaincth) and repair'd by 
mmn th: Great. To thefe we may add, that Noble Pile of Build- 
Jjr^, S^'fifliSophiai formerly a Ckriflian Temple^ but now a Mahnmetm 
|'i/^«?i for a particular Defcripcion of which, with the other Re- 
Lrkables abovemention'd, fee Sundjs, iVkccUry spon, with other 
(jlodcrn Travellers. 

gtcI)l3ii6ljop?tcft?.;] Here is one Patriarchate, i;/:^. that of Cot?/} ami- 
f^lCy as alio feveral ArchbijloprUhy efpecially thofe of 



J{agufa or F^guJJ. 

Mop^uM.;] Chid Bijhopricks in thefc Provinccfj are thofe of 

Bclgrj, de. 


K^ircfi:^ ty 

3iitDCint:efif.] vniverfitks in thefe Provinces. None. 

O'aiiiiCt^ J Thefe various frovincest are inhabited by various foits 
iJfficopIc, particularly theScUvo^ia'fjSy who arc generally Men of a 
Tohult and Rton^Corifliiutiorif and very tit to be SoLikrs. Next, the 
\mu, whoare elteem'd to be Perfons fo Vdliivt and Faithji'.l, that 

lityare entertained by manycJcvr/uw Princes as tl.eir G/uy^i.Laft'y, 
J'^\(^ St'rviuns 2ind Bulgaria>iSy who are reckoned very Oucly and uni- 
hrldlly 2,ive(i to I^Lberj, But as for the naturalT«/h, they aie thus 
Piaraftcriz^.l, t'/^. Men of a fwarthy Cowp/i/xiow, Yobui[ Bodies, o^ 
j^ood Sfuture, and proportionahly compae'tcd : Men who(tho* ge- 
bally addicted to fomc horrid V ices not co btf nam d among Chri- 
hm) are yet Perfons of great hnegnij in tlitir Deulirg^, lb id Oh- 
rrvei> of their If'ord'j abundantly civil to otrd>!gdrs, extraordinarily 
tk>ii,ih!e after their own way, and fo ^<fj/^;^3c;blcrvcrs of the various 

-..~» V..».l >..... ..- T , -~ ^-- 

p./'/c'venjoin'd by th<iir J^ligioti (efpecially that or Prdjcr) tliat their 
bqucncy in the lame may juiily reproach the general Practice of 
"i-ms now a-days. In their ordinary Salucations they lay their 
on their Boloms, and a little incline tiieir Bodies, but accoft- 


— J _ 

ga I'erfon of (Quality, they bow almolt to the- Ground, arilkifs tlie 

lull of his Garment. They account ic an opprobrious thing to '^r: 

mn their Heads ; and as they wait; in the Streets, th^rv prefer the 

'1'-b''U before Uw l^^ht, as bcin^g thereby Malkr ot'his Cvw/tu;-, 


' Ml' 


'I I ■ i ' j/N • * 

'■ *> 


I'lr '1 


jf*, i* 11 «i 

: ( 

^ t 


Turky in Europe, 

Part. llpa^'t H- 

with whom they walk. Walking up and down they riv^ver ii'e, a?] 
much wonder at that Cullom o\ Chrii^iarr^. Their cliicf Ktcrc] 
tions -dieShoGthig with the Eorv^ and Jhrovntig of Lances^ at bochi 
which they're very dexterous, 

tiinjaage.] The Sdrjonuin Lang'jage (being ofa vaft Exrent^ 
us'd not only in all thcl'^ I'rovinces, tho' with Tome variation ;] 
Di-;, Iwfl:, biif nl:o in a £rc2t l^art of EicGpe befides; the purcit Di 
lect ot wl^ich Tonfj^uf* is generally ejteem'd, peculiar to D^h] 
tiji. A'l for the Turk'jh, ( wiiich is originally Stlivonim, and row tL 
prevailing Lanf^uage of thefe Province^ ratcr-KojUr intheHimJ 
runs t'lus ; B^ba;nu;^ kans^hj ru'cjelj''j'f! : ( hudufs olijum fiChiivgh akn 
Gelfo'n firjnmi^ mcmkchitiir. . Olf'urn l^-.vuyip liUpuvkvy-'jj'i gupthruk ^^nii 
eih.ime pur'W:^i hcrpunc'-i vdrc h:>* bu \^iit\ h-m b.i'ijJ. ui:(d borjlygomo^-j^rs-'^ 
bi\'(e bujlj.rux boyfetighni'.mofi, km i'/\e f/ hcn^mc^ J.i th>",;, • 
bi-^J) yinu't:, , 

if^obernirfUN] Thefe various Ccuntric; confiderM under theTi:lJ 
of Ddfud'i.iv provinces do acknowird^':: Subj.'di.jn to fcvcral fov 
reigns, particulariy as tclloaeth ;'n is fuhji-d to irsov 
Prince or fr.jyn-/}.ic', fv^<rmerlv Tribntccv to \hQ Turks, hut now u 
der the Protidion of the Enip ror lince ti;f Year 169-^ VdU,\ 
being *ubjevt to its ly.iyw^oik (lonr^tinies ^AW Jiofpndir^ fignifvi 
Chitf General of the Militi^i) is Tri'ou'-ary to the fuik. Mol.d: 
is fuhjed to its lK;ynw,ii\ who is untl-.r ihc Irotedion oftieE^j 
peror iince .>'^r«{? 16S.S. I^i/r, .v,ji j ^ tulgxrit. and i'L'rt/j, are whc 
under the Titrl:^ and goveruM by rh.-ii- rdp-dive Jk'ojifrbcgu scJ 
'DOtii.i and F'of/iix (\q o\yii the t'.niperor. And laftiy, /^///«ir/j, i( 
partly under the, and p.iitiv i:n 1 r the7/i>h To rhcGo 
vernment of theie Provinces wc may fui)); in the /{t^publick ^f Rj^^ 
\vii(»!c [nhabi'anfsare Co afiaiilof lolin^ 'h.-ir R;i;h:s and Liiv.rtv 


kit every Monih they clunge their Rcdor or <i!prcain Magi 
fhare, aiHeverv Niglr. the (iovernor (;f their (•)c-'.iil , wliocner 
i'th i:ito his Comma r.vl blind-fo'd; vl, and all Military Otfic/rs wha' 
ib.Vv'i.:r are not to ke^ p rhe \^ms Polls above lix Vvcks, leli, : 
long contina'd they Ihould eith-r gr^idually or tre-Tcherounv b^' 
reave 'em of their Piivikges, or make the ll'.pjl lick it fclt.i Prcyj 
either to the Turis or Veticti.v;^. whom tlicv equally {\rci{\ ; ho'Ar 
it payofh Tribute to beth ot 'cm c«t prcU.Mit. a. lifo j c rraiii AcJ 
knowledgmcnt to the Kmperor. his Cath dick M ij iU', aai t; 
ropi'yby Virtue of a nuuual Coriipact ratified between 'cm^ 

flrira^l The Sc:-n,iny (ar. Supteam Sovereign ov< r all f': 
Tie* ','0 Dominions, and Abfolure trnptTor of tic (Htorinv Pir.iii 
otai^rtr/rt'-a Crcfteut /i>'gnn, crcittd wiih a Tuiba'u, thdr^Vi w • 


Ifjitll- Turk) \n Eur Of e. 195 

|tiire-BUckriumesorHeron=; Quills with xWi^^iotto^ Donee totum 
\:l-:gtOthi'rii, As tor thtr anclcn: Arjns of the Edjierti Emperors be- 
L-ofls lil'^ ^-^'^^ ^^^^ Oiiomdfi rjiriiiy. They were, M.-^ry, a Crofs i't?/ 
ftecAixt tour G>'S!^k Ih'u'Sy ot'ihe Icconci : The tour Bct£s fignifyir.g 

\.:'iKiii Ba.-Jihic-r,>t hciJiMuaov Hu-TiAiC^iy i.e. R^x ^{^gumj K^^timn 

ilrliSi^'i*'] The fnhal^itsnts of tliefe diiTcrent Province<?, are very 
ii.'fcrent in I'oint ot Reli^ijion, but reducible to tlirce Clalfes, vi\. 
\(:^^'j]iivsy Jews and AUhomexdns The ChrifU an Sj for the greareil 
|r;rtdcihi-re to the Tentts of the C^c'c'iL- Churcii, (already mcntion- 
L ^2.) loir.e to tiie Church of RomCi and others profefs the Ke- 
Ifjin'd llelijiion, both acccrdini; to the Doftrine of Luther and C2I- 
The 5Fert'^ (as in all otiicr Couatrits; are zealous Maintain- 


our Ni^!ahb>:ur. It enj-.^ns 


lence troni S Amines Flt:jh and 

[.'i.W^ and fuch Animals as die ot tlicmlelv^ii. It promifeih to 
y.ujjuitr.en ('or true Believers) <\[] mainicr offcn'u 1 Pledluresina 
ijiiireScitc. Itallows of an unavoidaLde Fatality in tvcty Thinji,, 
isiid favours theOpirdon of TutJ-r An;.^r:l':>. ]>ut to be more par- 
LUldr. The Followers of M.ih/nct do readily (;r<^nt. That the 

Writings both of the Prophets and ApoiU-.s were divin- ly Infpii'd, 
bur alhdge that they're To corrupicd by -/c'Tri and chilUaKs, that 
they c^n'c b^^ admitted for the PvUlc of Faith. Th.y further be- 
llieve and all^rr, That of all llevcaf 1 Imiifution:; in the World, 
iofe in the AUorrn are only O. vine and PertVch Thit God is both 
lE'L-ntidly and Perfonally One; and thvit the 5on of God was a 
i^'cr Creature, yet without Sin, and miraculoully Eovn ofa Vir- 
l^in. That Jtfxi Chrijl was a Great /-'rophei, ardti-at having end- 
uihis Prophetical OiHce ujuin Earih, he acqaainted his Follower^; 
d'thecoirin/, i^{ Nijibornet. Thar C/.r.jr rJcencte 1 into Haven with- 
iJtfiiticrinLi, I7earh, another b:in(7, iubliitut; d in his place to Die. 
Tea Man is not jiirtih-d by F.iirii in Chrift^ bu*: by Works enjoin- 
tlin the \iof~uil l..iw and i\\c Ahor,iy:. 'i'hat Poly,'i,amy (accord- 
ing to the Eximple of the Anci' nt Patriarchs) is Uiil ro beal- 
io.v'd(>t •, ris aliotoDivorcr the WiNr upi n any Occalion. In fhorr, 
Mximictdnifni \^ a IsUdly ot l\if{.wifm, '^'uJuiffiy dindc!:n(i iutiny \ by 
•diich means, th:r Grand lnipv)l+()r ('its Founder) did cunningly 
.:i.i;j,in(- f.o gii'i t^rolelytts ot all profeHionj'. But wlxreas the j-U- 
'Kin'is tlu- JutUJh Kuleof Faith and Manfiers, lc>r us more particu- 
I^uly conlidirr ils Frtcepti, and that chiefly as they relate to thtt 
'■'rincipal Headi thereof, v/,;. Cirnmrijiov^ fiiUrk^ Irjyers^ /llm^y 



» *^ 






.1 "X -I 

^ of the Aio/j/Vjl' Law ; and the Mahnietdvs ftick clufe to their '5 
\')r.m'^ bv which they are tau^JiL t\w Ackno\^l. dement of One \ 
JGoi, and t\\d.i Mdhoma is his Great Prophet, In alio commandeth 
Ciiihlren co be Obedient to their Parenc^ andan!)ro\eth of Love 


T 'A 

'if n 


Turky in Europe. 

i\ I 



Tilgrimdgry and Mfltnencj; from lVine*{i.) €ircumci/ton, of the varioj 
Sacraments in the Old and Nc^rv Tejhment^ they admit only of Cli 
cumcifion. This they reckon a bfolutcly neceiTary to every A^«/r^ 
man, efteeming it impofTible to obtain Salvation without it ; whcrj 
upon they are very careful to perform the fame, and do celebrat 
the Performance thereof with great Solemnity. (2) Fafiirg^ pari 
cularly that extraordinary Faft, or yearly Lent, call'd kt^mudan oj 
fervM every 9th Month, and of a whole Month's Continuance ;'(ii| 
ring which time, they neither Eat nor Drink *till the Sun goes dowil 
they alfo abftain from all worldly Bufinefs, and from fmoakingthei 
beloved Tobacco, yea, even from innocent Recreations ; and iivin] 
referv'd aurtere Lives, do fpend moit of the rime in their A/o/jJ 
frequenting 'em both Day and Night, They believe that durinj 
this Month, the Gates of Heaven ftand open, and that thofe of ifej 
are fliut. (3.) Prajeri This Duty is of mighty requeft among thenr 
their Prophet having term'd the fame the l(jy of Paradife^ and thi 
very Pillar of Religion, whereupon they are frequent and ferrenj 
at their Devotions. They're oblig'd to pray five times every Da;; 
and never fail of that number, let their worldly Bufmefs be ncvej 
fo urgent. C4.) Jlmst Every Turk is bound to contribute the hun^ 
dredth part of his Wealth towards the Zagat or AJms^ for MainteJ 
nance of the Poor. Befidcs which, they frequently make large vo. 
luntary Contributions ; yea, their Charity doth not only extend ic. 
Self towards their Fellow-Rational Creatures, but even the IrratiuJ 
na!, as Dog*;, Horfes, Camels, ^c, whom they carefully maintain ial 
a kind of publick Hofpitals, when thro' Age they become urelefstol 
their Mafters. (5.) Pilgrimjge^ vi^. That to Merr^, which every 
MufiuJinan is bound to perform once in his Life-time, or, at leaft, to 
lend Deputies for him. Thither theyrefortin vaft Multitudes, be- 
ing commonly 4'> or 50000 in Number, over whom the Sultan ap. 
points a Commander in Chief to redrefs Diforders that may hap- 
pen on the Road. Thi-? Officer isfollow'dby a Camel carrying the 
Jirora?? covevW with Cloth of Gold, which fan£^ified Animal upon 
its return, Is adorn'd with Garlands of Flowers, and exempt from 
any farther Labour during the remaining part of its Life. The rmJ 
tto likewife vifit tht City of ^erufalem, but that more out of Curio. 
fity than Devotion. They liave alfo a great Veneration tor the 
V'\\kyofjekofjphatt believing it fhall be the particular Place ot the 
CJenerdl ]iid?;mcnt. Laftly, Abflinance from Wine is likewife a Pre- 
cept o\ t\\c /^\lcorjiv. But of this they are lefsobfervant than of any 
of the former, for many of therichcft iort of 7Mrh are great Ad- 
mirers of the Juice of the Grape, and will liberally tafte of the fame 
^n theirpiivaLeCeibals. Thefe various Provinces were atrtrttin- 
ftnictca in tu^ ChriiUan Faith at ditFerent times, and upondifli- 
rc n: Occaiious, 


fart II* 



Concerning the CutOpean 31flantIjS. 

A V I N G hitherto TravellM througli 
the various Countries on the Continent 
^ikurope^ let us now leave the Continent, and 
|c[ Sail for its Ijlands. And whereas the Chief 
3f fiich Illands, are thofc term'd the "Britan- 

h|ic(3 ^^^ "^ fi^*^ ^^^^ ^ particular Survey of 
Ihcm, and then a more general View of all 
\k reft. Therefore, 




' ■ m 

: ' ■ M 


ill! riih^l' 

L Of the Britamick Ijlands. 

rH E S E lOands being always confi- 
der'd as divided into Greater (] V/^. 
Ifhole oi Great (Britain and Ireland ] and Lejfer 
[namely thofc many litde ones furrounding 
pitain ) I fliall begin with the former^ com- 
prehending in them Three diftind Kingdoms, 
[and One Principality. And fince our manner 
)f Travelling througli the various Countries 



#'^8 European Iflarids. Parti! 

on the Concinent of Europe^ harh been fi:ill:( 
proceed from ISiorth to iuonth^ I fliall t!iercfo;i 
continue the aforefaid Method in SurvcviiK 
the Ide of Great Sritainy having no odier R:| 
gard to the Tuo Grand Sovereignties theren 
than the bare Skiiarion of them : Begin \\( 
therefore with the Northern part of the llland 







1#M- h^fli 


m n. 


Let wet r 

lbs ^'^ 

t{yU — 

Clin ill >! 

llles c 

Z 1 ^Vl 

c J ■^^'^'^ 



"S I '^'^ 



Eurobean l/hfids. 



yetween J',^ ^t]"f Long. ^j|^ 

"^rLt'DStfi fiom N. to S. is 

about 2V^ 





; 55 CO 
159 C: 


J3rcadtli from E. to W. is 
about 180 Miles. 

Bring 'divided into two K South, the fr/r/ 

Clafi-S, x;/^. 

\sonky tlici>/r 






< i ■' 'H 

>: 'K\ 


•i -u 
'/ i « ' I* I 

;i , ■ %\ 






■?Jft j 

■ .-■ *. 

In- , 










Lochabar • 
F.iickj.n — 
Bamfe — 
Murrdy •» 

European IJlands» 

{' /iberdetin-' 



SittherU}ui - 





t Petc'rhsad ' 
J Idem 

Tvr/^/e — — 
Dorvoci — 

to W 

— >E. tow 

•S. to N. 

J L^^^^'^'^'j lying N. E. of Snatbjjt-:, 

Thcfe are the various Divifions oi Scothvd, according to the kit) 
Maps, and the manner how they are found. But lince that K\i:\ 
dom is ordinarily divided inuo SheritFdoms, Stewarties, Bailiaric' 
and oneConftabuIary, we fhail alio coniider it in that refpedj 
and iceing each of thole Sheriffdoms and Stewarties, ^^c cumprc 
liend either a parr, or one, or more of the aforefuid Divifions ;ve| 
ihajl here fubjoin all the Sheriffdoms and Stewarties, ^c, or the 
whole Kingdom, and ann;rx to each of them tiieir whole Contu:,' 
whether more or Icfs. Therefore, 



(■ Ederjburg- 
Berwick - 
PeeblU — 
Shclkirk - 
IHrton "^ 
f(e?/jrcrc — 


Bute — 



^ <J t^ hilitbguw 

K^hjrofs — 

( oiipcr — . 





[Middle Lo:hht7* 
The Merj and UaJiary of L^dah 
1 weed. tie* 

The Foreft o( Ett^-rhh, 
The N. and W. Parrs of G^IIotvjy, 
The Barony of /(cvz/rerv. 


llles of 



tri-jcUtjgyon both fides the River fon^ 

- t ''i'] ^^'\li Loihun 


A little of the E.partsof 5fr/-jr://w£j(l;/>^ 

A little of the W. parts of lijl'. 

The reft ofi-V/Jr. 

yifjs;u6^ with its Pertinents. 


The Faflern parts i^r ., 

The IfVy^^r;; parts r°^^^' 



IHes of 




EuropeAn ijhnisr 

CA/jr-r with its Pertinents. 
/{htrkoi con tain ing«?/^M<:/?j«. 



r Penh- 

o ^StrathardcU 

Pdrth containing 

GiTory yTS y J{-imach. 

Broii'Albin { ^jjBalhikr, 
Ak7]t:;ifh "^^^ / Gkrmrcihay' 
Strathvern — -^ ^Stormo?}t* 

imier.^ra containing < i^ivAire. 

:j hmfi containing 

le River /'on M 

liles W. of i 





r B^devoch. 

hivernejs contaming^ ^j^^ ^-^^^j^ partof/^)/y. 

t A part QfNl:i>ray beyond Kaimf^ Weftwr.. 

tyn, containing l^,ra, 


Roxburgh containing*^/./^//^^/^. 

'lire contaming. <' irncii. 

Oo./*f7!^^''^'"'"^^ little of /;o/;, 5. of O 



'V .i 



ft i 
"l ». 

European Ijlands. 

BcLides thefe Sheriffdoms, there arecBaylieries. 

lone Conftabulary. 

Part'H I Part IL 

5rewarties are 

Str^tthern "^ g fStrathertj, 

Mevtehh (^^ ) Me?}tcith, 

Kjrkudbright — >CJ ( E. and S. parts of G.j/iWjv,| 

r S. Andrervs p T F//t?, 
As alfo-;. I^/Ifmure > in< Argwiy 

Bailieries are 


J Cumjivpham — ^ 

K^Liuderddle — — jCJ (^Ls.udcrdak, 

The Oae Conttabulary is that of I/addington, containing £j/?.| 



Part ir. 

European IJlartds, 


i^\m'}QCotUni [the famous ancienr t^/c'jor/.r; and bounded en 
^ rhe Eaft by part of the G^rmni Uccan ; on t\\^ Weft 
:nj North by the Zinf/JJ? Sea *, and on th.- South hy E>yl■lrd^^ is 
[crnied by the/u/z.j^;^, j-iOf/,: ; by the Sputjuirds\ t'f,i>:Lu.'^ \-\ ihe 
f;r«t^/i, Ef:oj[^ ; by the C^rmiyiSy Scntlnid'^ "bv thf E>fjijh and irsowii 
Natives, SiOtlj}il ^ fo called, as fonic fondly inuainc, hcuii Scor.if 
(Daughter CO an Egyptian rhurjoh) but moic j)!ol)jbly fi oin jfa;r/, 
^vfyrn, or^SVyr/;/, a \'eop\^ vi Conhwy (ovc r the Northern Parrs of 
which the Name ofSrythij did once prevail) who fcizc-don a pare 
o[Sp.ihh ntxc to /rt'/jwt^, and from thence came into theWeficiu 
Pares of this Country. 

air. J The ^/V of this Country is generally very pure, and fo ex- 
traordinary uholefome to breath in, that hveral I'trlors in the 
Xorth-meft J'arts of tliat Kingdom do frequently anive togrcarer 
Ai^esthan is ufual in other Nations of Europe. The opp^ lire VUc^ 
oUhe Globe to ScotUrJ, is that part of the Fac.tick Ocean, be- 
tween 190 and 196 Deji,rees of Longitude, with 56 andeo Degrees 
ofSuu.h Latitude. 

^5cif 1 Notwithftanding this Country is of a Situation confidera- 
bly Northern, (ic lyini^ in the iith, 12 h,and b.^inning of the i y.h 
North Climate) yetic producethall NecelTarics, and ir.anyof rhe 
Comforts of Humane Life. Irs Seas are wor.derfully liorM wi'ii 
ir.oft kinds of excellent FiiTi ; do mightily abound \fcirh 
the choicefi: of Salmons ', its J-lains do fulHci. ntlv prr.c'uce nu.ft 
kinds of Grain, Herbs and Fruits ^ and many of irs Mountains arc 
not only lin'd with Vuluable Mines, and the belt of Coal% but alio 
Icvetal of them are fo cover *d over with numerous Flocks, that 
i^rat Droves of Cattle do yearly pafs into the A'y^f/) of Lvghr.d, 
Thelongeft Day in the North-molt Part of thi^ Counri y is about 
cijihtcim Hi urs and a half, the iLorteft in rhe Souch-moft lix 
Hours and a half^ and the Nights pronor:ioaably. 

CimmoUitieu ] The Chief Commcditi:s of this Country, are moft 
forts of Fifh in great abundance, much Linei. -Cloth and Tallow^ 
vift numbers of Cattle and Hides ; as alfo excellent Honey Lcud 
Oar, Iron, Irain-Oil, Courfe-Clochs, Fiizes, ^c 

llirt'rii'ff.] In ay.ifJ.ih are yet to be C'.:t:n, for feveral Miles tke 

Remains of a large /(^/^./^jQ/'/iv/)', or Military- way, which com- 

[inonly goes now by the Name ol ir.:r/;\r;.//K'e«, And \n Jiiiotd^L\ 

arc fome Vijf.giaoi l\o,)\.in Lr.campments, and another Miliniy- 

^uy^ vulgarly tcrm'd tht Tupi\id C.iujw.ij* (1.) In the Su-- 

i* 2 warty 


^ ^ m 


*3 n' 

f :!i 




I. )•. 


1 < ' ' 




European Ifltnds, 

Part II. 


V ■ 


. .. « 




warty of StrAthcm, are vifible Tr.ids of feveral Fimr^i Camps, efpe. 
cidWy that lit ylrJoch. (3.) \n Sterlnigfijtrt ire divers Marks of the 
iimc Roman Wall, (now commonly call'd Graham's Dyke) whicii was 
extended over the IJihrnm^ between the Rivers of torth and Cljdn- 
Its Form and "Manner of Building will beft appear by a Draught 
thereof J for which, Vid. CatnJen':' Brita7ir]id UteEditioD, P'^")?. 
(4.) In Sterlir.fjr.irc ^ were likewife found Tome I, criptions upc^i 
Stones relating to the R^man Wall ; particularly Two ; one where. 
of is now at Calder, and informs us, that the Icgio ficioiJa /lu^^iiij.1, 
built the faid Wall upwards of three Miles ; and anotiier in' thft 
Earl MarJ})ai*s Houfe at Vunvotyr^ which hints that a I'arry of th: 
lt'g/9 Vicefma v/Jr/x, continued it for three Miles more. As lor 
the Infcriprions thcmfelves, V'.d. Camlhi. p. 920, and iici (r.; 
Hard by rhe Trad of the aforefaid Wall in Sterlw^^jhire, are yet tu 
be fcen two pretty Mounts, term'd by the Ancients^ Duyii pacpc^ as 
alfo the Remainr of an ancient Building in form of a Pyramid (noA 
caird by the Vulgar Jnher's Ovai) which many reckon (0 have been 
a Temple of the God Ttrmbi.n. ('^.) Near Vajlcj/:xn(\ J{t'};jrtrvy arc 
the Vcjiigia of a large I{oman Camp; the Foffcs and l\kes about 
the Trxtoriumy baring ftili viiiblc. Here is alfo to be Icen a remari^a" 
ble Spring which regularly Ebbs and Mows with the S.-a. fy.) Nigh 
to the City of Edivbwght is a noted Spring, commonly CJlPd thc 
Vily-WcU, The Surface of its Waters being cover'd with a kind or 
Oyl or Bitumen, which is frequently u^'d, witli good Succefs, in 
curing Scabs and Pains prr^teLding from CoKi. (8.) Near the fani: 
City ib another Fountain, which goes by the Name of the r^oivth:^^ 
Wdh beciufe it ufuafly makes a Noife b^forj a Storm. (9.) Near 
Bfiichin in M'gus (where rhe Danes icctlvcd a mighty Ovtrthrow 
is d high Stone ereOcd over their GeneraPs Grave, called C^mi 
Crofs ; with another abont ten MiUs diftance, both of em havir^ 
an':iqae Letters and Figures npon 'tm. (10.) At SI airjs \n yili'>- 
deoijhir'e^ is a remarkable petrt tying (!^avc, commonly called tic 
Vrcpp'yig-Crje^ where Wactr ciizirg thro'a jpangy porous Uoikii] 
the Top, d')th quickly confolidatc after it tails ni droiistoihr' 
borrtnn. (u.) Near i^>rc;1i in Mufrjy, is to be fien an Ob^'mk^'. 
one Stone, let up as a Monument ot a Fight between KingAl..«| 
culm, Son of IQ:}icth, and Sut}:o the Da?:c. (12.) On the Foid It. 
a'ct*5 Fands in Straherr'ukt is a Lake which nevei free/eth all ovu 
before the Month of Ftlrui>y \ but after that time, one Ni^i: 
Froft will do ir. There's al'o another, callM louu^h Monar^ (!) ■ 
longing to the late Sir G<r&'^<r AUiktv^) jult of the lame Naru'c 
with the formtr, and a third ^ CUtha<iighin Stratf-fl.ijh, w]:icli:i^ 
ver wants Ice upon the Middle-part of i^,' even in die hottctt U.. 
of Summer, (13) Towards the Nurrluvc ft paitof Munayt hv^ 
lamgui Louph'^t:]\ whi^h never ff.ezcth \ but rtiaincih its nufuini 


y j7' 

Fart II. European IJlands, 205 

Hear, even in the extreameft Cold of Winter; and in many 
i';acc'S this Lake hath been found.d with a Line of 500 Fathoms, 
-^: no Bottom found. (14.) Ni^h to LO'k-Ntfi is a large round 
Mountain (caW^Cl M::al'juor'VOuvy) about two Md.sot p.-ipeadicu- 
jr height from the Surface of tlie AV/} ; u^ion the viry "p of 
Ahich Moi'iitain is a Ldke of cold ficlh Water, otr^a l''"'dt:d 
-Aith Lines of many Fathoms, but never could they reacn theBot- 
;oni. Thi„ Lake, having no vifible Current running either to it, 
crfro"! it, is eqiiiily full all Sealbns (»f the i and it never 
ireez^'th. (15.) On the top of a Mountain in /(o/i (call'd 5fwre-/«- 
iipph'h) is a vail heap of large white Stones, molt of 'em clear like 
(^nryi'tal ; as alio great plenty of Oylter-Qiells, and Shells of other 
^.'a•dHimals, yet twenty Miles from any Sea. (16.) In Lennox is 
■,u^h Lomor.i^ wliich is every whit as famous among the Vulgar, 
r.-'t only for its Floating-llland, but alfo as liavinif, Fifh without 
i-iro, and being frequently Tempeftuous in a Calm. (17O ^"^ ^^- 
\ers parts of ScoiUr.X are Ibme noted Mineral :5prings. particularly 
[liuieat ^O';(^0/7; and />i/^/7/^7 ij f//(.' ; as alfo /Ibdrdetn and Petir^ 
\U,.i in yJiJdr.idenjUre ; fevcral of which come little ftiort of the 
hmous SjatV'Wjter in the Bilhoprick of ! ciiit; (18.) In molt 
ICountiies of this Kingdom, «re nnny Circular Stone Monuments, 
(being a company of prodigious long Sto'.es fet on end in the 
iGround, and that commonly in form of a Circle) which are pro- 
iably corijeitured to have beL-n either Funeral MonumcntSi or 
Ipiaces of Publick Worfhip in times of the ancient Druiics^ or 
bjth. l-^ji'yy Southweli of 'Jnnnnx ^one of the Oiciiis^) are two 
Idrcadful Whirlpools in the 5ja, con'monly term d the ll^'ells of, with another between 7/.i and jurj, (two of the Weftern 
|liiand.\) during the firft three Hours of Flood , all of 'em are ve- 
ry ter" ble to Pa ilengcr:-, and probably occalion'd by tome fab- 
I:;'riancan Hiituu 

?.ccl)ln3ljopn£k;?- ' Anhiijhopricis in this Kingdom, are Two, vi^ 
Ithofe of 

St. .Attdrcrvs, GJ^fiow, 

'&i^\J%^ Ai.} Bijl^opricks in this Kingdom, are Twelve, i7^. thofc 

,(:[•! " 

"^ ^m^i 


,, . ^ 

1' 1 

1, .r'-^^B 

< '>•! 


IS t;\ 






( dihnefs^ 




lh€ IJk'U 

V ? 

CI 11! 


^ ■ < 




!,■ 1 



Earopea;: IJlands, 

Part III f^^^ "* 


C^lmJjerfittf?,] Vmvcrf.tics of this Kingdom, are Four, vh, thofe 


fr.tiinerflf.7 The .Tr/9fj (for the mcft partj arean AOive, Priider,:| 
and [Icligicn? furt of People. Many ahcminablc Vices, too cuir- 
mon in oJur C' unrri..', arc not ['o much as fppcularively krn;\^n| 
amo' g *em. They ii.'-ncrany abhor all kind of Exccfs in Drir.k- 
ing, rn! elfmiinatt DLlicscy in Dier, chuiing to iniprovel 
the Mind, than pampc.r the Bi.dy. Manv ot 'em make as giu:| 
Advances in ail parts cf ingenious and folui r.earnir.^i, as any Ka. 
tion in Eu>t<p:; And ds for their lingular Fidelity (altho' llandcNl 
oully fpokcj of by fomt*) 'tis abundantly well-known, and expaiJ 
enced abroad; fv)r an undoubted Demorftration thereof, is puKi 
lickly given to fhe whole World, in that a neighb; urin^ Trircrj 
and his Predece[rv)rs (for almoft 300 YearO did corrmit the itr. 
mediate Ore of their Royal Pcrfons to them, wiihouc ever ljavini| 
the leafl: Caufe to repent, or real Ground to change, 

%m^iivc.'^ The L,tvguige commonly fpoken in thf" Kor^hzw: 
Nor\hli'efl <jf tills Ceuntry, is a DiaUt^l of the Irijb, corruptly cal,'; 
Erfe (a Specimen of which (hall be given when we come to JreLir^.: 
In all other parts of the Kingdom they ufe the Erpjif) Tonguc 
hucthatwitii conlid.rable difference of Pronunciation in dilicrcr: 
Counties, and all difagreeing with thn in £rg/.z^c'/ ; except th 
Town of Inv rtirfs, whoPe Inliahitanrs are the only People \\! 
tome nearelt 'o t<\c true E>j:'Jifb, however the Gentry and P.: 
Ions of good Education, ufiiilly fpeak FrpJiJh, ('-ho' nor with th:| 
fame Accent as i.) /jr^/^j/il; yet according to its true Propriav, 
and th-. ir of Writing is much the* lame. The vulgar Lai- 
^uag? (commonly c2[Vd'otfl-) is indeed a very corrupt k:: 
o\' Ergl'fi), ana iia:li a great Ti.-.durc of lever?! Foreign T<'nLii;ri 
parriculr. Iv th f/^^•G:''w«?^ Itv-Duirb, ard J>t77i7.', elpecial'.y th; 
jiff, a great many Words frill in Ufe among the CommonaUy,l:e'| 
Originally fiOiH tint Language. For a Specimen of a hie: 


Tongue, rd:u-'Xojicr in it runs ihu. : Vre Tuder rvbiJL art in th 
ktlhn'd be thy AVwi.'; tly KjiigdoGjn cumm^ tbylful! be doon it: E:<nh 
its door< i}i /Jt'vt'}]' Ccc u/'s ii.h d[> »«''t' daily Vy.etd, an /■?;^,<?(f i>j) u 
S/rt!s^ III v::' j'Q.f^ec them J: 't Siun agii.^fi uff ^ ard Is i\i i*/i ndiih: 
tcrnptaiofif batt deljver ufsfrac evil, jimec;:, 

<5.'\j«rrmwr. I Thi.. Kingdcm hath hitherto had the good Forfurj 
tocn.vy an Hereditary liunteJ Monarchy j tho' many tunes t' 

Part II. 

European I/lands. 


immediate Heir, or next in Blood, ha^h been fet iCidSt ard ano- 
ther nu;re remote hath mounted lMc Throne. Since i:s Union 
\fi\ih E^'gbrd, ')o*li Kingdoms are under one Rir^g, wi is ftiled 
\ht [^'ioriiyih o^ C'tat Intiin, The Government of i his kingdom 
j, chi^riy manaii,ca by j Council of S ate, or Privy-Council, con- 
iiltinji ol" thof: calico properly Officers of St2te, and others ot the 
Nobiliry qnd G"nt:y, wht^m th. Kmg pk-afeth to appoint. The 
Cmcttrs of St jxf are o^'ht in numbt-i, vi^. the Lord Hij/h-Cbanccl- 
lor, L* rd Hi^ii Trcaiurer, Loid Prcliacnt of the Council, Lord 
St^cretary (if Siarr, Li)rd Treafur^r-D. puty, Lord RegilU-r, Lord 
Advocare, and Lord Juflice Cic-^rk. The Adminiltratiun of Ju- 
liice in Civil Atfairs i^ lodg'd in the Lords of the Scffion, who are r*; 
j;i Niiinhjf, whereof One is Prelident, and to ihele are join'd 
fume NohLmen, under the Name o^ extr.iordinvy Lords of the Sej- 
im. Tins Court is clleemMone of the mo<t An '..ft and Learned 
Jalicaturic's in ^»r(;/)e ; From it th^re lies no A'p^'al but to the 
Failiani -nt, which is now made up of the Peers, th.c ConimilTion- 
ers ot CouuLi.'S, and thole o' Free lloroughs. The Ring's Pcrlbn 
is al^vays reprefented in Parliament by fome N oblemer, who the Title of Lord ILii[hComr,ufjmKr, The Dil\ri!.ution of 
Jultice in Criminal Matters is committed to the C»/urt of Juf^ice, 
which ii compolcd of the Lord Juftice General, tlie Lord Jultice 
Cleik, ar.d five or fix other Lords of the Seilion, who in this 
Bench are callM CommilTioner'^ of Judicatory. Over and above 
thi'fe two Supreme Cou:ts ofjuflicc, there are a great many Su- 
bordinate Judicatories, both for Civil and Crlmipil Atlairs thro' 
the Ivin^^dom, as ShcritF-Courcs, Courts of R'^gality, and the 


Qimu.] The Royal Arms of this Kingdom, together with thofe 
of Kvgiivd An(\ lre.lxnd^ (as they compofe the Enligns Armorial of 
the Monarch of cT/ctt Britxiu) (hall be paiticularly cxpreO/d \^hen 
ws come to Enghnd, 

Udmon] The Lnhabitants of tliis Country (excepting a fev, 
who ftill alhere to the Church of I{pme, and an inconliderablc 
numb'T ot Q>ia!^<^rs) are all of the RetormM Religion, yet with 
confiderable Variation among tnrmfelves in fnm-: private Opini- 
ons and various Points of Church Di.cipline: However the nu- 
merous ProfelTors thereof are very finccre in their Principles, and 
do generally pradife conformable to their ProfeiTions. NoChri- 
ftiin Society in the World excels them for their exa^ Obfervation 
of the Sabb.itii-day ; and few tan equal them, for their lingular 
Scridnefs and Impartiality, in punilhing Scandals : But l-.mtnta- 
bicare their Diftrattionsof late, m Macteri rciauii^j to jC'ckfiajh' 

P 4 (.ii 

1 1 




! t^ 

208 European Jjlitnds. Part. H] 

^i/ ro//f)/; and how fatal fuch Heats and Divifions, both inthijl 
andth. Neighbouring Kingdom, may prove at laltj is alas! b.:| 
too wifll known, to all thinking Pei Tons among us. The fmalitfrl 
Privatfi-r, belonging either to Preft or Sr.A/^/o's, mayeatilyA-l 
tack, B'>ard, and Sink the Brinnvia her felf ; if Ihe chancJ 
only to Spring a T.eak under Water, whv n her whole Crew area: 
Bows between Decks. The Chriiiian Faifh (according to th? 
be ft Accounts) was planted in this Country, during the Reign c:| 
Diorlefun'^ for by reafon of that vioK-nt IVrfecuticn he railed 
the Church, manv Chriftians are faidto have fled from the Cor. | 
tinent into the Hie of C7^ejt y?y/ ; and particularly (as an an. 
cit^nt Author expreGy teftiheth) into that Pare thereof, ;« ^;/;i:| 
I{onnnj. Armx vioiniUM p^mvanint'j which (without all dcubr) jJ 
Scoiivd'y efpecially the Northern-parts of that Country, they b^ 
ing ftill poiFer.'d by the Sfots, and never fubjecf to the jlmsn 
Power. St. ]{uk, or .I{i-^ului, is faid to have brought over with hin 
the Arm i or (as ibme arHrm) the Ic^ of St. Afidrcw the Apolt'., 
and to have buried it in that Place where now the City of St. .■:■<. 
drews Itand?. Thcic firft Propagators of Chriftianity lecm to have 
been a kind of Monks, who afterwards, by the Bencricence of the 
firft Chriiiian Kings of ^Voi/j?,'i, came into the Scats and PolTcin. 
ons of the Pj^j« VruiJes, (a. fort of Religious Votaries to the 
Heathen God>>) and had their principal Relidence, or rather M(. 
nalteries, in the lllands of Man and Jc;w, and palfcd under tk 

F. N (. 




.i ' 







' 'If 





1 r 





' •>^**^, 








UiK» §2.5 

|5u ■^~ M^H 

1^ 112.2 










'716) ^/a-4503 









N- <^v'^6\ 








1 IV^ 







¥k Wm'^ 


I \ 

iFart IT. 

Euro^cAn If.Ands. 



d. in. 

- (between ^ ' ' ""lolLon.? 's \ '"T''''' '"'' 

Len[',rh from N. to S. is z* 


'between \ '^^ ^^^V of Lat.C !"/ ^^'f^''^ ^^'^"^ ^^ ^° ^' ^^ 
C.55 5^5" 3.tiv^ about 290 Miks, 

Wcflern Circuit 
Oxford (jrcuit 
;ing JIviJt'd inroJ'H(.'//2f Circuir Cp_, 
^xCii'Cuics, 'Viz.\^o*fulk Circuiff u-i 

M/.; lan.i C 1 1 c u 1 1 \s l^ 
A'ori/; Circuit J'-^ 

t- Z' ^ all bury. 



7 c/-/> 


:' ^ \ Dcvonjh 

t" '5 /' ^"'/f/// ;r^ — 

;: c \Hatr,pJi t'e . 

1:; t mifjhire 

'C^r/jJ ire 

{^ LauucePon- 
Exit it 


VV. to li. 

O /(; aj\)iyc 
Vrloucijic'-jl) re 
-: yhhnwQ thjUre 
M c \^€rtjord)Urc 
}o hVonijlcrjUrc 


Dorchtf]cr »— — 


Briflol 1 _. - 

/=:./7y/>r^ N. of pp-./ys, 

0,\fjrii "} 

■■■'luiicHtr ■ ^-I:',. to \V\. 

Mon^fQuth -— S 


I i-: ll'ur 'jjicr - 

V- t/i 

' l-l jl L ' J' 1.1 a I r* tr Ul I ji Lf — — ,• 

.../I '■'' ^ «'.". /. II,' -I.-'.,. 

-S'S.foN. r. 


\i nir^x 

\ ".'' 

: 5 \ iuvtfirdlhiye- 

rnvsLury VV, ot' iifjfor'jhire. 

H^rrforJ — 


i ( ''''/^• 



Southivark - — 
Ch-cfjtA.r South of < 

}i:. to W. 

^ arfibrititjlii^e ■ 

.lluntiiigtiiuyi ire — 
'^ / B.dfo' — • 
C/<.it ri^hiitrjhin — J 


l'u7ifir ztO)>' 


L. to S. VV. 



■ I 


'1 t'i 

.'is : ( 

I Mi 

, i 





European Jjlinds. 

To ffig'ixnd we here rj.'bjojn the frincip.ilify of- If^il^s, divided int 

Four Ciicuirs ; eacii Circuit coniprcliending Tiiitc (Jountic. 

1. Thofj of 

f D. 




.^ \D 




ir. — — 

2. Thofe of< c 




v.- .',v 



.irnarvcvii < t 

Thofc of-^ c 



lunt onurj 

B\iu /r is 
\'a>'7:n^ . or. 




Harlnh - 


flr77:a>tiJc^jl)i>'C — 

i t 



4f, Thofe c\'^Bycclvod'\hivc 

RAi\fior\i ire "-—- 








ar /J>t'jc7l 

i iin'nki 


N. to S. 







Hcii.lcs the Six Ciicuics of I vg]ii7:>\ (conrjinin^j tliiity el^hf f 
ties) and tlioCc I our ot ll'ulcSy cc.-tupicli.ndin'i rucive; t, c f^m-d 
ias yet two Counties uniTK'ntio,,'d ;ii,(! win li . ic n" c • jm r y lef 
eluccd ro any oF thtfc (j'lcuirs, ^ ;^. !\lial fx :^\\a Chejh.n , the firl| 
becaufc of its Viciiiiry to L n/ion, .^nd rhv' ot icr as lieing a C<' 
Pahitine, h:ivini; its ovviijudt^fs ,ind Counllllfrs pcculMi to ic Icl;, 
Thefe two Ccunri^;,',-, with rhe thlity eij'Jir .r > -^i-r.itMci" . .i tu '«<• 


U?id, and rwcjv'<i in IV/j, 



ke l^i 

ry two in 



«nd WVi'<j arc two diiHntl Sovcrtii^nrits (<'iie hciii[! a iviugdoni, .>ii 
the other a Principajny ) we duli fep.irattly treat i-f thtiii boih- 




Euro^exn IflA'/jas. 


n'^- i 

E N G L A N D. 

•i I 

hiimc j YJ ^,<^rind [ the Ancitnr yfftgUa, which, with the reft of the 
I r V ill.iiul, made vp xbc rci:ovvn'd B itami'd, or yUhio?:; and 

|r,o'A' Bouiutcd on the Eaft: by part of the Gamari ; on the Wed 
Tcv S* G:o ^e's Channel ; on ihc North by ocotlavd -^ ?nJ <n the S'oqth 
krh; Ew^//)/) Channel J is tcnn d by the Itjliinis-, h[.hiitcrrit ; by the 
hmr.rds, hgla^icrra \ by lUc J rench^ y^ughurre ^ by tht Germans, En' 

- y»i;/V • ^ni] i\\f flip Wifivi c Ptir / *,/j'' ■wliicK Mimr' Ic (lerii/rl frnm, 

Ft Igbcr' ( dtlcciidcd ncm the JrgUs) hiiving united this divid 
|\' iion, ;nul bcinir the fifll: Mon.ich oi f ng a?!il. :'frer the i'^.vj;? Hep- 

n chy, order d (by rpt'C'.il [idit^l, above 800 Years after the Incar- 
Inrinn) th it rhe whole Kingdom fxiould be term'd }-rigle-h7id, which 
iTirle, in procefs of time, hiith turn'd into the prcfeni Nameof £>5- 
I l>v.i. 

^tlii* ] The y^/r of thij- Country is far more Mild, Sweet and Tem- 
perare, than in -^ny p:!rt of tlie Continent under the I'lme Patallel. 
ihe Cold d ning the li' vter is not i'o piercini», nor the Hear \n the 
J7;„w?'' fo f^orching, a-; to recommrnil ( much lefs to inforcc) the 
ileof vStoves in the one, or Grottos in 'he orlier. The oppolite Place 
ct'thc Globe to England^ is that part of (he Pr.ciHck Ocean, between 
1:0 and 210 Degrees of Longitucif, with 50 and 56 Degrees of 
Siuth Latitude. 

•©Oil] This Conntry (1;. in^ni t!ie 9'h, lotb, and iithNortFi 
Climate) is generally 10 lein), ujid jno.hiccth tuch plenty of Grain, 
liiiits, Roots, Heib^', &-C. x\\i\x t!:e Excellency of ic.v Sci is bci^ de- 
cliicd by thofe TranUendenr filcr^'cs delervedJy beftow'd on her, 
both I V Anri'rnt ard Mooern Wiittrs, who call frglatid the Granary 
cj tic Wc' i'7i VVcYid, the Scat of C res. &c that her VaJlies are like Edcn^ 
her Mills lik'/ Lehimon her Springs as Pifgah, rnd her Rivers as Jordan , 
th^t llie\s a l^ta i(c of riettfrrc^ and the Gardtn oi' Cod. The longed 
Diy in fhe Nnirjimofl Parts is about 17 Houis •', the ftiorteft in tho 
^outlinudl is aln*o(\ 8 Hours ; ind the Nights proportionably. 

Conimotitirtf] The chief C v:n:Q'iUes of thi', Country, are Corn, 
Ca'rlc, Tm, Copper, Iron, Timber, Coals, ^ibundance of Wi? 1, 
Clod), ScuiFs, Linen, Hides, Tallow, Butter, Cheefc, Beer, &e. 


n- '-i 


I* ill 

. I 





Eiirope.:?7 ljli?7^s. 

Part i: 

IMtriCv- 1 In rnod: Coiirules of this K'ngcom ?.re H-ill extant fo 


ori;d Circular .///?// M.ji i.itnts { like rholl- in 6' ore 

.ma aDovc-menti 

neJ, p. 205 J parriculjii) , die fcvcnty iVvcn 5for.cs at Salseds inr«wjj 
bii>hnd^ commonly rcrm'J L'mi M ^7, aud her D.^uohterN ; Thole call' 
RO He-rich St '71CS in Oxjo^'tijUre ; Thole nciir Ew'jL-im in Northinnbcrlmin 
Thofe upon the River i.cder in li\(i7,io^'la7id ; Thofc nt-ar Burroiv 


in iorii)lire 
in Scm rfetj 


lole near Exinoe \n DcvovpUr. 


c at Stivaon-Dr 

anJ fiojlly^ the: Ixur e's, and thofc; :5C Bijlaw w 

jun i[ 

[art II 

and NJ 

v:ch talk'] 

(ta mii;ht| 
lilFJ from 
ttiun clary 
If tliolc ll 
Incur fionsj 
,igh to tl 


^wf-f ; f'i 

Hflier i^t C 

■i:,.^;« in . 


teing tm 


winch ir.a 


p',;t theret 

iiuntion d in /.</jhi\s .!v1S. ht^inning -nf Dii-utr, ;ind pafTinu thro' A': 
to London^ frnm iht nrr to ^t. yi/vjns, D mW U, ^tratfoni^ Toucelftr, iii- 
:l.huni, Sr. Cuihyt\ lUd ~hrav bur', t!v n by StraUov^ and lb thro' 
t'le midJli" of t»';j/ ; to C]rd:gan. {'3 J [n thii Countiy arc .ibund^uicc 
of iskiiicinal It'dten ; whether for Bathivg ; as ihofc wfpecially in im,r- 

icoyjju ) or rurg:,ffr ; particularly thol 

f:;fl'irj (call'd tlie /-'^r'/j;, 

rorwTPii/, ^:^^<;. But moft oblervjble of all \s Stons h^vge (ii\<^ Chore dQ. 
gantam oi \:\vc AiK'itnts) on ^ ah bury Plain; which Monuments iir 
thought by fome to cojifilf of Narnrai Srones, by others, of Scenes 
i\rtificia11y compounded of pure S.ind, Lime, Vitriol, ami (>thcr ui 
^luous Mirrer But if i.'ie Keadcr defue to fee the various Corijcfturis 
(i)f the Curious, concerning the n.icurcand deluTn of all fuch Monii 
juents, together wirh the I^iauj^ht of Stoat- bjefurt, in particular, Itthiii 
confulr the late Edition of C'rf;/<,u;/'<> Er//i»w;/';T, png. 23, 9", ic S, irty ■O'ln, tlie 
(2.) Ill inany Paits (i{ h^land are yet fo be ieen the I'tjf/giu^ and Re-Bo 1 fgf^s 
liiains of divers lUnan Miliinry Ways; tlur piinripal of which is th.t ■/•'■'• ^''"^' '' 

Hwere 3 ot 

\k Ivoot 

livM}' and 

[ever moft 


|zd and b 

cA being 

.,Mf.>r ll 

■\\ feme 

T.cther V 

i-e llrlt o 

i":na11 di 

: i;f; hot! 

ItiKita Mi 

'T.c in h 

.'-•tnt oi 

*il Eiliti 

o;:rhit S 

icrcain ! 

And at I 

Izw's, an 

■hich b 


lurly i 

of the Sp^ws iij y'si'l'jlirc ; Tunbridgc in K'nt; I'tpifhivn and Dn^ei^gein 

6''>ry; ^'Qnh'id, j^thit and IJ.vyJon in Midd' Jtx. Here alfo are many 

other very re^-Dti.kcdile >Sf/w?f J whereof j'tnie are m-^^'htily impreg- 

jr^teJ either with S^i'^ tiS thdC at Durtwtch in ll'orccsicrjl ie ; or iiii- 

/\w, as the fonous Wi-ll at l^ipgi'^ \i\ L^iucajhire (of which afrtr. 

wards) or Bituvdhtnf Ma'ttr, as thjt at Pitihford in Shropjlire* Ofhcii 

hive a Pitrefyifig Qua''ry^ as particularly that near LuUcrrycrth, or La.- 

cit'-yjhire i and the lemai liable Drop;ji(i^^j-Well in the H\i'i' Riding o(' 

To^'kjlirc* Ajid finally fome Ebb a.nd I low, but that tjcncr lly in .1 

very Irregular manner, as thjfe iji Pculi-Tcrcft in Derbyfdre, and La)- 

M'!/ near Torbay, whole Waters rife and f-ll levcral times in an hour. 

To thefe we may add tliac remarkable I ountain near Rubard's-( afih 

in Uerefordi'hirc, commonly calfd BcnrJf\d^ which is nlways full of 

fmall Filh or Frog-bones (or fuch resemblances) though ftequrntly 

empty'd and cleai'd of them. (4.) Many aie r ha Roman Jltars which 

fioni time to time are 6vj^ \}\) in this Kingdom, cfpcci<illy rhe Nor- 

jhern Parts thereof. A:, for their particular Shapes, and remarkable 

Infcriprions, with the FLces where now to be ieen, 'vhU < ambd n\ 

btte Edition, pag. 56S, s-7o, 734, 782. 785,826, 8* , 844 and 

fjoiii b.xS to 8>2, inclullvely. («5.j In fcveral Places between C 





Europe a /I ljLi?ids^ 

ok. I 


d l^iii}caf:Ie, are fome Remains of the famous p'uU-l^'eU ( io 
^ch ralk'd oi by our rr.gUjh Iliftoriaiis) which did \\\n thro'Ct'w 
';>«/^ar.(l l^orthutrLerlanci, beginning at 7'/«'/ oftf/.' / ^i", ;ind ending at 
jj;j)-frzV^ (6./ (jelling t'le middic ci li'ilt^.'iye ti oni liitO ro VVtO: 
a rnii;lity Ditch, commoniy tejm d WavUike, or lVod£?ifi iky. ( i'o 
illJ from (he S^xc; Cj(,d ^o^^f?;) rnd dtlign d, it fecms, eitht;r as a 


dary to diltiiif'uiili 1 crntories, or as a ience to guard agai 



hhc iir;ng Kntmy. There aie alio in C vikrirl<T^(PM-e plain Tracks 
[f tliofe large Ditche thrown up by tiic Ea^l- A;:rUs, to prevent the 
Incurlions oMhe .Vr>v/^Hj-, u ho frtquently ruin'ci ail before 'em. And 

tIi to the Town of Carnbridgp^ are f me I'^J^'gia of two fp^cioilS 
ifM^s \ v,i\Q Rov:cin AX j^>i/Q^o"gh ( a Mile N(;rvh or ('/?^/7;j*/(»^) and th? 
Ic'iier iit Gogtrm^of^ Ih^s, (n the ot!)^:r lulc (,f ri;e Town. (;.) Near 
^in in LaJicirjhire, is the rcm?ik 1; e Weil abovcnu ntion'd, which 
Ihing tmpry'd, there j(rcf.nrly breaks out a li.ipinirniis Vaponr, 
]\i;iich jnakcs the Watt r bi;bble up as if it loii d, a/;d a Candle being 
|p;;t thereto, it inflantly t^kcs fire ind burns like Ijrandy. During a 
lOiin, the I'lame will contiiuie a whole d;,y, and by its Hear thty can 
lloil f^JRS, Meat, &c. and yet the V\'arer ir l^'lt is co'd. (8 J In M'J:ni- 
\f,:ii I'ark in Wcf^in rit ci.]'. the Thn'c-n>o(hcr 'L-cc, fo caii'd, becriufe rh.ere 

rere 3 of 'em (the Jeaj} wh.ereof is this ) uhicl. a ['nod way from 
Ithellootis 15 Vaids and h^lf in CircumfcrencL'. {()) At Byoje/y 

V * 

'iv.tlj and Pit hfoni^ wifh other Places adjacent in h'- ijh'rc, is found 
ver nioO: of the (Joal pits, a Stratum (f II ackilli poious Stone, nuicfi 
{inipre^natcd wjth bituminous vMjrtirr ; which Scoi^e being pulveri- 
|ztd and boilVI in Water, the bituminous .'Mibflance rifeth to the top, 
id being g:.tfit.rM iSl!, it comes to the conHilrncy of Pitch, and is 
,'ij f «r lucli with good liKif ( 10.) in D:-rl')p'ire is the famous Peah^ 
:J feme hideous Cnvitics^ as thole call'd f col's- hid-:, EhhyiHol"^ and 
nether which goes by tlje indecent N.^me of the D 'vil\-Ari(* la 
eilrlt of thefe is drop[)'ing Water or a pt.ficfv'ing N.iture; and at 
idiall diilancc from it, a Jirt'e cL'ar Brnok, remarkable for corjfi- 
iig botliof both hot and cold Water, fo j'^yned in the fame S'freani 
njt a Man may at fuicc ).ut the lir^ger and 'JhumI) of the fame Hand, 
rx'm hot, and tf-e in cc>ld. lor a fall and fatisfaftory Ac- 
'MHt of the Fccik, and t'lc rri.Hny l^ovdrs thrtcof, fee (befidesth*: 
*il Lulirion of (Vj?/./7/i'»yj fncli Authoj s as h ^ve p.irticularly treated 
';:T!nt Siihie'i, efpcci.illy Cotton and Hol'h\wiih the late Hook of Dr. 
•,.t/.'- (11.) Ni:;ar lyhicyy in lUc J oyth-Ruin.f ni' To'hjh'rr^ are found 
rcain Stoms refmbliog the I t^lds i^nd W/caths of a Serjitnt. 
And at l'v7itly-KoLl> in the lame Ridmr;, are rahf^r Sroncs of IVveral 
'js, and fo exaeUy round, as if aitilicialiy m:«dc for Cannon If-dls, 
hicli being broken, <\o commonly corit-iin divers floiiy Serpents, 
rcrithcd up in Circles, but generally withniif Heads, (I 2.) Near 
'"'(rly inClcucrpirjlire, and on tlie ivps cf Mounruns nor far from 



'•; ii' 


2 I /i 

European Klaridi 


n ; , 

'J 'II 

'9* ttt 

iralr * 


u ? 



M 1 



I -^'^ ■' 




Rickwnd, with fcveral other Pirts of i vL'JaKci, are Stones rtTcmbli., 
<r)uckles, OyfterS) and divers other Wntci-Aninials, which, itonceli 
viiig Creatures, or the ludicrous I uncy ot Nature, is not now invbi 
iincis to enquire, f i 3.) In Mcndippe-hi.'-s in ^'omc^lctjUre, is a piodioir,.^ 
Ca've, call'd Ochy-ho e, which btii,g of .1 confider.iblc length^ in it - 
ciilcoverM lome WelJs and Rivulets. ( ? 4.) At Glnljlnbury m Sonicr^: 
fhirfj aie I'everaJ ancient l'yra7,7ins^ mentic^n'd by William oi Ma'msbw 
with imperfcft fnfcriptions ; but why, wiien, and by whom erc^tcj| 
is merely conjeftural. (ly.) In tlic Clarhedral of Exeter is an O^jr. 
which is reckoned the largtU oKiijiy in England, the greateft Pipe be 
longing to it being 15 Inches Diameter, wi)ich is more by twoth, 
the celebrated Organ of Uhn. (i^j In Eovr-Cajle is an olJ 7.1! 
hung up, which imports', that Julius Cjfar landed upon that p.nrc 
the Er.giijh Coafl:. (17) Near to Frje>-p am in Knit, and Tiibiry in F.j^-: 
are valt artiiicial Pits, Ibme cf them narrow at the top, but very hf<-_\ 
v/ithin ; and tliought to be divers of thofe out of whic'i the aiic 
Bi'itai7i< commonly us*d to dig Chiilkj to mix with their Grounds 
(18.) About Bih ir-Caf^h in Lm^o'f/P'.i e, r.nd thughtiry'm lVaw!ck''::ri 
is found the yjliroit s, or Stai'-jlcm^ rcre;ni)ling iitde Stars witii 11. 
Hays. (19.) In ShroplUre iv that Jjrge Mil term'd Cai'-Car ^do:k, h 
mous in former times for being t!ie ir'cene of that memorable Aciir 
between O'.''o>'/.vj tlie iUrna'^, and Caratai.!s thi Britahi, whereof C ■ 
cittLS has given us a particular Account. C'-^'O Near to the City 

IVinchtfiLr^ as alio in 

the N 

01 th of rVt/i 'orhjid, is a round Iintri 

inenr, with a pl.iin piece of Ground in the middle, commonly tc 
ned K. ^rthii>\ ro:iniTabk^ and mucli ralk d of by the Vul;.>ar 


for their Original and Dclign we need go no farther thin thole A; 
when Tiltvi; was in vogue in Eni^lmtd, Laftiy, In the County of S;<»^n| 
is the Engllh Anas, or t!ie River /\.o/r, wiiich Jofeth it fclf wwk 
Ground, and ariilth :-.gaIn at fome conliderable difl-uice ; as doth ;'';< 
Recall \x\ the N^^y'-lrRiuji:;; of Vj ljhi*-e Caytibdcn, p. i <?5, ^' 7 Si^ Ti 
riuTe Rariites above-mention'd, I might here add U)\nc i^ul'Chdcus F:. 
l/'icks'u\ tliis Kin-:,dom, which may he titly term d Jrts MA'je^-iHC{'. 
Jiuc to deicend to particulars, would fwell this Paragraph to a Jil 

h' o 


!^rcljIJtPt)3p?ick^.] Archbi[l)opruh in this Kingdom are Two, t;.*J 
thoi'c of 

Canterbury t\n<\ Votk. 

tart II. 

ioie of 
\i\h ind i' 

In Poln 

IhjitT, an 

[of the .M 

[which for 
Itges, as a 
Iferior to i 
[The Nam 


The Archblfl'.nn ^^f Canterbury Iiath the Precedency ofToi'k, and isHG.'oKf/?^r, 
ftiTd Piiw.jte of rf.'/ EpfJ-niil^ the other being alfo Primate of £:?/^/.r;i,B^t. Edmu 
but not of ^1// Iv^Uud A (."omi overlie hotly debated between rl',i'kH''^'«i?</<i/fn 
TWO Archieplfcop.)! Sees > bur .;t lafi detcnuia'd in favour of tliip^iVf, 

fart II. 

European JJl.wds. 


^sijSlpyjtCfeSf. 3 HP^eprcks In this Kingdom (including Wa'si) arc 
loie of 


Salisbury J 


Sc y^ja^h, 
St. Danji i^s, 

I andajj't 




Lichfield and Coventry. 

h Point of Place, after the two Arclibifhops folloWech the Bjho^ 
tiUndofh next to him the Bijhjp of Ditr\im ; 3^/>', the B jI)(»/> of /^V«- 

:tjitT, and then all the rcit accordintj to rl?" Seniority of their 

QmtJfrfitifSf] Univcrfitics of this Kingdom, are rhnfe famous Seats 
loftlie Mufo, or two Eyes of E71 larid^ term d Oxford and Ca7nbridg8^ 
Iwhich for magnificent Building«:, rich tndownicnts, ample Privi- 
leges, as alfo number of Studcncs^ Libraries and l's.\iriicd i\'icn,are in- 
Iferior to none, or rather, not to be parallcTd by any in the World. 
[The Names of the rejpeftlve Colleges and Hdlls in each of t^efe 
Univeifities, (the moft of which do furpafs m-iny of our Foreign 
Univerfities) are as followeih. 


In Oxford are 

^,, Magdalen, 
. Brazen Nof, 
Corpus Chrijti, 
Chriji Church, 
St. -Johns 

Halls are Seven, vlx. 

yl Edmund^ 

St. Mary, 

In Camhr'.dge are 
CLtr: Hajy 

Permit, or Corluf.Chriflf\ 
Gjn Jl <ind Gaim, 
Kings Co"fgey 
'jelm College, 
Chr-if's College, 
Sr. johuS''Colleg\ 
Mag 'alc7i-Colle^e^ 
Etna' ttel-C lleg(, 
iiidmy Siiffx, 

W , 


' ,1; 

. -w. 



Europcd?? JfLVfas, 

Part III Fart II 

^3xnncl'J?. ^ Tiiel-Vc'j''^ ixMng oriH;inany a mixture of divers Xor. 
them and Southern Nations, doliilJ retain in tlicir Humour, a juiti 
/It'.??;, betwixt thofv! two Bxtrednis ; tor the ciuil Sxiurvrn:^ Gc;nuiL\\ 
the one, and the hot /Wc'r^z/r/,;/ ZL'/KyX-r of the othtr, meeting in theirf 
Conjlitutiov^, render 'cm l7\^^';7ikvA and y?,7/i;(.', yer j6;//\'/ and V^if':-ji. 
7ivg\ which nourifhM under a fuitdble liberty y[\\[\)'\'ics d. Courage boLh 
generous and lairing. This iiappy rempjramt'nt of J/vr/f, whcrewitrj 
this Pc'19/v/t^ iscndu'd, doth eminenrly ap')edr to the World, by tha: 
mighty hiclhtJ.tion they always had and iliii have, both to an.l 
^"irrs, and that wonderOiliVoi^rt;/} they have hitherto made in eaciil 
i)f *cm : For the marchlels V.ilour and Bravery, the lingular Prudr,;:: 
iind Covduft of ths E'fipJ'fi Nation both by Sea, and L^xkJ, is fo univer- 
' ially known, and harh been [o frequently manifeited in molt Parrsl 
of the World, that many Potent .SVift'j and K^yifioms have felt the 
Dintoi ihch' Sword ^ and been conllrained to yield to the Force (it] 
their yhrns. They have alio fo elFetlually apply'd themlclves to z\[ 
forts of hiQ^'ir/io'ji Literature fince the happy Days of our Keformari.l 
on and are advanced to fuch a Fitch of true ^nd fviid Learriyip^ ; tha:l 
they may juftly claim a true Title to the F.mpire of /y«?/7.?w/(?;onV:4'J 
Finally, their manner of IFritirg^ (whether for Solidity ofMattcrl 
Torce of Argument, or Ekgr^ncy of Srile) is indeed fotranlcenJ 
dently Excellent, that no Nation hath yet furpalVd the Ertgliji'] 
and none can juftly pretend to equal them. 

.. l/iliiSiM^C] The E>'C[!iJl: Idv^uige being a mixture of the old SmiA 
znd. Sorman^ ('one a Dialed of the Teutonic^ and the other of the! 
frenc' ' iving alfo ;bme TiyiJure of the ancient Eritifn I\om.i>?, and! 
V^ni\h much retiird of !ate,and now defervedly reckon'J 
as Copiouif Expfe'jjivf'y^nd hluriy a. Joiigue,^^ any in Europe. Harangiicsl 
in this La?igiags ^"^^ capable of all i lie delightful Flowers of /^/;f!0- 
rick, and lively Strains of the ini. \\ Ehiuenre^ nothing inferior tol 
the'moft tluenc Orations pronounce ^1 of old by the beftof the l{or!\ 
Orators : in a woid, 'tis a Language that's riglitly calculated fori 
the Mafculine Genius of thole who own it. P ret .r-Kojier in t\\Q Eii^-\ 
lijh Tongue, runs thus : Our Euthcr^ rvJ:i< h art i'n EJeroen, &c, 

<I?oi3Ei'nmcutl The i^^vgdom- of England is a famous Ancient andl 
Hereditary Monarchy \ a Monarchy which can I'eldom admit of any! 
Iy>.:er'reg>iion, and therefore is free from many Misfortunes, to whicil 
ElcvUve Rin^dom ., are llibjcd • yea,ruch a Monunhy (in the Wordij 
of tha: worthy (jentlenuin, Dr, Cl-jnibcrltin, Author of the Prf/c^J 
Stite of England) as that by the nee. Ifary fubordinate Concurreiuc of 
tholordi^ndComrnov^ in making and repealing of Statutes or Ad^ 
of l\irl!ime>:tt it harl: ih^ main Advantages of diti Jrijlocracy stnd Di- 

^^art II.jFart IL European IJlands, 1217 

mdcyy and yet free from the Difadvantages and Evils of either. 

ers Xor- 

Gcr.i'M cf 
S in their 

iTdgri buLh 
i, by tha: 
Arr.u and 
le in eacii 
r Prudr,}:^ 
fo univer- 
nolt Parrs 
'c tele the 
e Force ct 
ves to all 
??/>7^ ; tha: 

if Matter, 
) tranlcen- 
le EngU}r\ 

old S'lxm 
lier of the 
ow.z^7, and 
V reckon d 
s of I{kioA 
inferior to 
the }^ir,.in\ 
u la ted fori 
n the £?;^ 

micof any] 
,to which 
he Wordil 
he Pri-Zc;; 
•urre'fhi o 
:es or Ad 

m ihorty *tis a Monarchy (continues the aforefaid Author) as by 

nioft admirable Temperament, affords very much to the Induftry, 

Liberty and Happinefs of the Sub]e£^, and referves enough for the 

Majefty and Prerogative of any King, who will own his People as 

Subje^s, not not as Slaves. Chief Perfonsof thisReaim, after 

the King and Princes of the Blood, are the Great Officers of she 

Cfiwn, who are commonly reckon'd Nine in number, v/^. (i») Lord 

}{igb Stsrvard of Englznd i an Officer indeed fo great, or whofe 

Power was efteemedfo exorbitant, that it hach been difcontinued 

ever fince the Days of ^oi^n of o^«wr, Duke of lancaflerf (his Son 

jitnry of BuUirtgbrookj being the laft who had a State of Inheritance 

in that high Oiiice; and is now conferred by the King upon fome 

of the chief Peers only, pro ilia vice, as upon occafion ofthe Crown- 

g ot'a new King, or the Arraignment of a Peer of the Realm for 

Treafon, Felony, or fuch like* (i-) The Lord Nigh Chancellor^ whofe 

OfBccis ro keep the King's Great Seal, to moderate the Rigor of 

the Law in judging according to Equity, and not according to the 

Coromon-Law. He alfo difpofeth of a I) Eccleliaftical Benefices m 

he King's Gift, if valued under ao/. a Year, in the King's Book^ 

ocafe there be no Chancellor, then the Lord Keeper is che ume 

Authority, Power and Precedence, only different in Patent* 

j The Lord High Treafurer ; whofe Office (as being PrxfcdwiJE.rx'^ 

•\i) is to take charge of all the King's Revenue kept in the £x- 

hequer; as alfo to check all Officers imploy'd in coIleOingthe 

[ame, and fuch like. This Office is frequently executed by feveral 

erfoas conjunctly in Commiirion, (term'd Lords of t\iQ Treafury*) 

4.) The Lord Prefidem ofthe Council, whofe Office is to attend up- 

i the King, and Summons the Council, to propofe Bulinefs at 

ouncil-Tablc, and Report the feveral TranfaiUons ofthe Boards 

<) The Lord Frivy-Sealy whofe Office is to pafs all Charters and 

rants of the King, and Pardons iign'd by the King, before they 

;oine to the Great 5eal of England 5 as alfo divers other Matters of 

finallerMomenr, which do not pafs the Great Sea L But this Seal 

inever ro be affixt to any Grant without good Warrant under 

lie King's Ptivy-Signet, nor even with fuch Warrant, if the 

fling granted be againft Law or Cuftom, until the King be firft 

quainted therewith^ (6.) The Lord Crdat Chamberlain of England^ 

liofe Office is to bring the K\i\$\Skirt,Coif^ndlVearingCloaths,oa 

|iiCCoronacion»Day ; to put on the King's Apparel rhat Morning^j 

pcarry at the Coronation the Coif, Gloves, and Lineuy which are 

lobeuled by the King on that Occaiion j iikewife the .yrror^ and 

'Miini^ as alfo the Gold (to be offcr'd by the King) together with 

e H^ihe F^yjl and Cronn j to Undrefs and Attire the King with 

5Roval Robes; to feryc the King that Day with Water to walh 

■' i 

■I, i . 

' <m^ 



1> ' fl 


''; ti 

^'8 European Iflandf. Eait 11. 

his Hands before a'nd after Dinner. -Cy.; The Lord Hhfi Conjhhk o\ 
Fna^Uni, an Officer, whofe Power is to ^reat, that 'twas thouah 
inconvenient to lodge the Hime in any Subje^ fince the Ycari^-u 
and is now conterr'd' on fome of the chieteli Peers, pro re vut.^ ^ ai 
upon occafion o^ Coronation s^ or Solemn Trixu by Combat, (s.) The 
£arl Marfiil of Englmd, whofe 0(1ice is to take cognizance ot all 
Matters of War and Arms; to detcrmiiic Contrads concerning 
Deeds of Arms oat of the Realm npon [/and, and Matters touch- 
ing Wars within the Realm, which the Conimon-Um^ cannot dtter. 
mine. C9.; The Lori High Admiral of Fjiphiui, whofe Trult'and Ho 
nouris fo great, that thisOjfice harh been Ufually given either to 
iome of the King's younger Sons, near Kinfmen, or one of the 
Chiefeft Peers of the Realm : To him is committed the Management 
Of all Maritime Affairs, the Government of theKing^s Navy, a 
decifive Power in all Caiifes Maritime, as well Civil as Crimirjal He 
aifo Commiflionates Vice-Jdrnirals, J^ar'/ldmirals, Sea-Captiws, ^q, 
and enjoys a number of Privileges, too many here to be mention d. 
This Office is commonly executed by feveral Perfons conjunctly in; 
Commilfion, (term'd Z.oyrffofthe^^»j/V.2/t>; 

After the Officers of the Cro^jn, we might here fubjoin the vario 
Courts oi Judicature eftablilhM in this kingdom, efpecially the/i'/£, 
Court o(rarliame?ity which is Supreme to all others, and to whom a 
laft Appeals are made^ I might hereiikewife mention all theSuhc 
dinate Courts of tliis Realm, particularly that of the K^ngs-^iknchp 
Court of common- ric AS y the High Court ofCkavcery, the Exche^iuer^ an, 
the Court of the /?«ff^ of Lavcafl''.r^'i<^Q, as alfo the £cckfu(}}i:, 
Courts in Subordination to the Archbp. oi Canterbury ; as the Cowno 
Arches^ the Coun o^ Audience^ the Prerogative Court, the Couttoi L^Km 
ties, and that 0^ Peculiars. But to declare the Nature and Cofiltiniwji. 
the ample Privileges and manner of Procedure in each of then: 
would far exceed the narrow Boundsof an A.bftra£f. I fhallm 
therefore defcend to particulars, only adding to thisParagraji 
that, befides thefe various Courts abovemention'd, the King, c(»i 
fulting the eafe and welfare of the Subjeft, adminifters Juftcei: 
his Itinerant Judges, and that in thdr yearly Circuits thro' u 
Kingdom ; and for the better governing of^ and keeping the King 
Peace in particular Counties, Hundreds, Cities, Boroughs 2nd yilli^t 
of this Realm, Counties hdive their refpe^ive Lord Lientenan: 
Sheriffs, and Jufticesof the Peace; Hundreds, their Bailiifs, HigB.Mej^jfQj 
Conftables,and Petty-Conftables. Cities, their Mayor, Aldermeathan /he 
Sheriffs, ^c Boroughs and Totvns Incorporate, have either a Mayo||^^.^,/^.^ ^ 
or two Bailiffs, or a Port-reeve, who in Power are the ^^^^^mmlforthc 
Mayor and Sheriffs ; and during their Offices, are Juftices oftjthe Refor 
peace within their own Liberties. And laftly, Villages are in SDbjfcjj-j. ^^ 

^.liofl to the Lord of the M4?7o/-,under whom is iheConftabJc o:^^^^%mnv 


I parr) 

I tally tau 


ait 11. 

tjUbk o\ 

part li. European IJl-i/jas, 219 

rough to keep the Peace, apprehend Offenders, and bring 'em be- 
fore the Juftice. Of fuch an admirable Conftitution is the £r?pjip 
Government^ that no Nation whatfoever can jaftly pretend to Inch 
a Model, and no People in the World may live more happy if they 
pleafe; fo that it may be juftiy afifirmM of 'cm, what the Poet faith 
in another Cafe, only with change of Pcrfons, 

f^' fortunntos nlmium faa JJ hov.ii r.urir.t 

ai'msf.J The Enfigns Imperial of the Monarch of Great Britain^ 
are in the firft place ^^wre, Three FJow:'r~de Luce<, Or \ the Royal 
Arms oi France quartered with the //-/^pjr/^/ Eniigns of £wg/j«^i which 
zre Gules, three Lyons Paffant Cardam in Tale, Or, In the iecond 
Place, within a double treffure Counter jlovoer'i de lj> Or, a. Lyon J^m-- 
tmt.Gulcsy for the Royal Arms oi Scotland. In the third Place y^^«r<r, 
an H^) flarp, Orjlrir.p^ed, Argent, for the Royal Enfigns of Ireland, 
In the fourth Place as in the hrfb. Thtfe Eniigns Armorial are 
qiiarter'd after a new manner fmce the late Revolution, the £ng^ 
^lijh Arms being put before the Frcvch^ and the whole charged with 
anEfcutchconof the Hoiife oi Na[f:u, which h A^ure Semt-biUets^di 
Ipn I^ampinty Or^ Languid and Armed Gules ^ all within the Garter, 
the chief Enfign of that moll Noble Order; above the lame, art 
Hdmet anfwerable to K. U'iL' Sovereign JurifdiiUon ; upon the 
fame, la rich Mantle of Cloth of Gold, doubled Ermin^d.dQvr.\i with 
in Imperial Crown, and furmounted for a Creji by a Lyon Fajjunt Gar^ 
knty Or, Crowned, iks the former, and an Vr.icorn Argent Gorged with 
iCrorvn, thereto a Chain afiixt, paffing between his Forelegs, and 
reflex^d over his Back, C'rjboth handing upon a Compartment placed 
underneath; and in the Table of thAt Compartment is exprefs'd 
ike King of England's Motto, which is, Dieu'^ mon Droit \ but ot' 
\\iie, Je Maintien dray. 

KeliSton] The Inhabitants of this Country are (for the moft 
Ipart) of the tzuc I^eformed I^Hgion publickly profefs'd, and care- 
tally taught in its choiceft Purity. In Reforming of which, they 
were not IbhurryM by popular Fury and Faihon, (as in other Na- 
tions) but proceeded in a more Prudent, Regular, and Chriftiaa 
Method 5 rcfolving to feparateno farther from the Church of L^^me, 
than fhe had feparared from the Truth, embracing that excellent 
Uhice of the Prophet, ( Jer. 6. 16.) Standye in the ways and fee, and. 
Uiifor the old Paths, where is the gcodw.iy, and walk therein. So thac 
MQ liefonnd Church oi England^ is a true Mean or middle Way be- 
Itwixt thofe two Extreams, oi' Sup jrflition und Thviaticifyn, both 
Iqwlly to be avoidcrl. The Vo'clrine of which Church thus r.^finM, 





\ h 





t ' 








, ■• , 



■••If ■ 

^ % 


220 European I/lands. Part II. 

is briefly fumm'd up in the 39 Articles, and Book of I/omilies ; and 
her Difcipline and Worjhip are to be feen in the Liturgy, and Book of 
Canons. All which being ferioufly weigh'd and confiderM by a judi- 
cious and impartial Mind, it may be found that this National 
Church is for certain, thecxaftcft of all the Reformed Churches, 
and comes neareft to the Primitive Pattern of any in Chnfleniom, 
For her Doftrine is intirely built upon the Trophets 2iW^ A^oiiks, 
According to the Explication of the ancient Fathers, her Govern- 
ment (rightly conlider'd) is truly JpofloIicaJ\ her Liturgy h 2i no. 
table Extraft of the beft of the primitive Forms ; her Ceremonies 
arc few in Number, but fuch as tend to Decency and true Devoti- 
on. In a word, the Church of England doth firmly hold and maintain 
the whole Body of the truly Catholich Faith^ (and none other) ac- 
cording to Holy Scripture^ and the Four firft General Councils j fo that 
her Sons may truly fay, (in the Words of an Eminent Luminary of 
the ancient Church) In ea J^egiila inceiimm quam EccUfixab Apoflolis^ 
jlpofloli a Ckriflo, ^ Chriftus a Deo accepit. At prefent all Se6ts and 
Parties are tolerated ; and it*s truly as melancholy to confider, as 
*tis hard to determine, whether our Heats and Divifions on one 
hand, or Open Frophanencfs and I> religion on the other, be moft pre- 
dominant. In the mean time, this is moft certain, that they're 
both equally to be lamented j the neceffary Confequence of them 
both, being moft difmal and dangerous in the End. But that it mi) 
pie afe the Almighty to gr Ant to all Nations Vnity^ Teace and CGncori\ w 
bring into the way of Jrutb all fuch m have Erred and are Deceived ; to 
ftrengthen fuch as do Stand \ to comfort and help the lVeal'hearteJi\ to 
fAtfe up themthat Fall', and fnally, to heat down Satan under our jVer,; 
is the daily and fervent Prayer of the Church of Chrift ; and tbe^ 
hearty WilhandDefire of every true Son thereof. The Chrij{m\ 
Faithh thought to have been planted \n England, tempore {utfcimui]\ 
fummoTiberiiCafariff according to ancient (?/7i^ ^ but afterwards 
more univerrallyreccivM,y*/wwo 180, it being then openly profe^Vd| 
by publick Authority, under King /Mt/i^s; who isfaid to have been 1 
the firft Chrittian King in the World ; yet feveral doubt whefherj 
there was ever fucli a Man in the World, In general, this is cer- 
tain tl\At Chriftianity was propagated here in the earlieft Agesof| 
the Church. 


fim.t.'] WJ ALES ['the Seat of the Ancient /)^/fi;>J, andl 

V V lioundfd on the Eiijl by a part of England ; on thej 

;/''/?, vorfjf" anJ.!>Vf/r/s by St. (Jc-ore ':; Channerj is termed by thei 

part II. European Ijlands. 221 

•ttians, lVaUin\ hy tllQ Spani/ircit, Gales; by the French ^ GaUes ; by 
the GertnanfjlVMlies ; and by the EnglipyJ^Mhs j fo called Cas fome ima- 
mt) from Idwal/e, Son to CadwaUadcr, who retired into this Coun- 
try with the remaining BritMinr. But others rather think, that as the 
Britain: derive their Pedigree from the Gauitf fo they alfo retain the 
Name, this Country being ftill termed by the French^ Galles ; which 
ufmg W for G (according to the Saxon Cuftom) agrees pretty well 
with the prefent Title. 

Siir.] The Air of this Country is much the fam^^ as in thofe Coun- 
ties of England which lie under the fame Parallel of Latitude. The 
oppofite Place of jhe Globe to Wales ^ is that part of the vaft Pacific 
Ocean, between 190 and 200 Degrees of Longitude, with 56 and 
^0 Degrees of South Latitude. 

$ci!.] The Soil of this Country (it lying in the 9th North Cli- 
mate) is generally very Mountainous, yet fome of its Valleys are 
abundantly fertil, producing great plenty of Corn, and others are 
very fit for Pafturage. Its likewife well ftored with large Quarries of 
Free-Stone, as alfo feveral Mines of Lead-Oar and Coals. The longeft 
Day in the Northmoft Parts, is about 16 Hours i, the Ihorteft in 
itbeSouthmoft 7 Hours ^, and the Nights proportionably. 

CommotiitiCf.] The ch\c£ Commodities of tlils Country, are Cattle, 
1 Butter, Cheefe, Welch Frizes, Cottons, Bays, Herrings, Hides, 
I Calves-Skins, Honey, Wax, and fuch like. 

. Unities.] In feveral Parrs of this Princip.illry, efpcciiilly Derbigh- 
l/irf, nre ftill to be Cccn the Rcw,vrjs of that famous l^'allj commonly 
icall'd King Ofas Dykc'^ made by Ojj)i the Xtcria", as a Hotindary be- 
tween the i'<i.rowy and Er tains. (1) At a fmalj Villaije, called NeKtjrt 
hn Glamorg.vijhire, is a remarkable? S/'r///j rucrli the Sea, which ebbs M\d 
hows contrary to the Sea. O ) ^n f^^'- 1^"^^ County, as alio Ci^rw/jr- 
(iw;/Jji»v, are feveral Ancient Sciulchml Mo^jumcnts, and divers nofid 
Stone Piliart, with obfcrvable Inlcripticns on them. (4.) In Brcck- 
^nik^ire are fome other remarkable Pillars, particularly that called 
mmy Maryunion (or the Maiden Sront) near the Town of brecbmk : 
Another ac PeiHrc Ts'ytbrog in Lba7i S. /Ercd Parilh : And a thiiii :n 
Ipoim of a Crofs, in f^anor Parifli. i"^') In G'a?fiorganllv'c arr the JU> 
Iniainsof C^f' Phyli Caffl({uki:n by fome for the PulUutnSiliiyvff'iwhiih 
larc Generally reckoned the noblefl Kuins of Ancient ArcluteO.ujt oi" 
Inyin hritai'i. (6) In Merionct''!hiye is Kadcr I ins, ?. jMor.iuaii: it- 
Imaikable for its prodigious height, h^ini^ rj.nv.norAy reckoned the 
lliigheft of any in IntMn ; as an Argi'm-a: lor which, tisuij^td l>y 
|lbme, that the faid Mountain affvi d;. Vo'-iuty of Aqmc i ■jn-;. [-; ) lii 

"'Wfifw , 

■ '.ii'!:l 

:-^ r : 




I: ^ 

I > ' ■' a 

rl< 1 



nr ^ 

( ri; 


222 European Iflands. Fart IL 

^arenarvMJkire is a perpendicular Rock of a great height, thro 
which the publick Road lies, and occaiions no fmall terrour to nia. 
ny Travellers J for on one hand the lofty impending Rock threa- 
tens (as 'twere; every Minute to crufh 'em to pieces, and the pro- 
digious Precipice b^low is fo very hideous and full of danger, that 
one falfe ftep is of difmal Confequence. (8.) Near Bufingwerkk 
Jrlintjhire is that remarkable Fountain commonly called Uoly Wdl^ 
■which fends forth fo confiderable a Stream as to be able immedi- 
ately almoft to tarn a Mill : But more obfetvable for its pretended 
Sanftity of old (and f/iif derived from the fabulous Story of S. IVim- 
frii) asalfothe wonderful Vertues of its Waters; andthofe were 
chiefly owing to the Forgery of the Monh o^ Bajhjf^voeri, ^9.) Iq 
Tembroht^fiire is MUford Haven^ which, for Largenefs and Security 
can perhaps be outdone by none \n Europe^ it having 16 Creeks s 
Bays, and 1 5 Roads. And may thereupon be defervedly reckonM 
among the J^^nties of this Country. L^Jily, In Monmornhjliire are 
many l\nm,in j^lltars dug up with Variety of Jnfcriptiotis upon 'em ; 
Fov which, and many others, 7/ii. Camden' j Br ft/?ww/^, late Edition, 
from page6i^, to 620. as alfo from 623, to<5iS. with page 59:^^ 
594, eoo, 6oiy6cK, But if the curious Reader would fee the chief 
Jiirhiis of Wjles ar one View ; let him confult the aforcfiid An. 
thor, fpafi. 697.) where he will find the Remarkables of this Prin- 
cipaiiry repreicnted in Sculpture*, particularly thcfe following, ^7\\ 
a cur iou'^^ carved Pillar, called hUcn-y-Cbwyan^ on Mo/?v« Mountain 
.in riimfiire.. Two remarkable Pillars at ^ler PhyJi Cifile in Glmor- 
y^ii>(l)ire. An Ahihjiffer Statue found nesiv Ton h- Shin i-K^r, in 'm Mm- 
Tnoutbfoire. And finally, fomc /(omrrz Armour and Medals, withva. 
riery of Coins, both /{omin ^nd Britijhy dug up atfeveral times ia 
feveral Parts of /; 'i/cj. 

Srcljbinicrn-^-fl.l /Irckhihpricks in this Principality. None. 

:5lvJ)')r?i'-ft^.'l Pilhcp' JB.irtg'r, 

//:hv;. v/>. thofe of \,S. Jfiph^ S, Ddvid 
arr:c*'r.tu\3.] None. 

landaff,7 already men 

f,? already n 
's,J tion'd. 

Mj-anncrsi.'', Tl*?^?^//?? are a Pcnple gen'=:r3ny reputed very fditlj 
ful and lovm^^ i'> one another in a Itrangc Country, asalfo to Stran 
gers in their own. The Commons (for tlie moft part) arc cxtraorJi 
nary S.npie and J<^aorant,but tln!ir Gentry are efteem'd both Brav( 
and Hofpitable. They're univ^::rrally inclinM to a Cholerick Ti?w/' ' 
and extravai^anrly value themfelve: en their Pedif/u's and Familia. 

H rnau.^GM The IVt'Jjl) (being the Og-fprhg of the ancient vyitmy 
do ftili retain their /V/w/»ive J.aveuape^ which yet remains more free 

' ■" fror 

part II. 

European l(liinds. 


• om a mixture of cxotlck WonU than any modern Tov^gue in Europe ; 
■ Lvi^n^ip.^ which hath nothing to recommend it to Strargirs, it bc- 
i:!! both hard to prommice, and unpleafant to the Ear, by reafcn of 

^vraft multitude of Confonants. Their faternojler runs thus : Ein 
: i^r Imn ivyt pj y yiefocdd^ fev^icdier dy tnvo : Veued dy deyrnnys ; bii 
;; cK'/Uys ar yddaiiir megii y mac yn neofodd dyre i ;;/ heddyw eir bara 

• m-idiol : (I vnddeu i rii ein dyledion.fel y waddewn ni in dyledwyr : 
ur arwain mi broj'e dingnh^ either gwared in rhag drwg. Amen. 

(Jrotievumfnt.] This Principality was anciently governed ' y its own 
Kinjj; or Kings (there being frequently onefor i'oMrif), and another 

ir North'WakSy and fometimes no lefs than five did claim a Regal 
;\)'.ver; but was fully Conquered, Jmw \2?>2. h^ E.dxv.ird\, who 
'iving then a Son brought forth by his Queen ^tCaervir-junCM^ 
\-\ V/dles^ and finding the iVelf) extreamjy averle c^gainft a Foreign 
(lovernor, profer'd 'em the young Child (aNativeof their own) 

be their Lord and Matter, to which they readily yielded, and 
:ccordiiigly fwore Obedience to him ; fince which time, the King 
ciKviihfid's Eldeft Son is ttiTd Prirce ofir^Us^ and all Writs in thac 
Principality are iifued out in his Name. 

anr9^ ] The Arms of the Prince of W:ilcs diifer from thofe of 
'>g/iwi, only by the Addition of a I^Z?j/of three Points. Bur the 
proper and peculiar Device, commonly (tho' corruptedlyj called 
tiieJVwre's JrmSi\^ a Cr^rowft beautified with three Ojhitch n^d' 
\:krs, with this Infcription round, hf? dicvn i.e. I fervi'. \ alluding 
!o that of the Apoflle, The Heir ivhilchen n Child ^ differ etb not from 

^i\\^m\] The Inhabitants of this Country (at Icaft the inoft In- 
ffl!iL;ent; of 'em) are of the I\eforni'd ^('//:;7<9>r, according to the Plat- 

iftrni of the Church oi Evpjutid; butni.iny of the meaner fort arc lo 
C'odv ignorant in Religious Matter.s, that rhey differ nothing from 

|i";;er Heathens. For the remedying of which, the late inrcmpara- 

,,,;.' Mr. Cintge wasat no I'niall Pains and Charge, in Preaching the 
lilefud Gofpcl to 'em, and procuring and dillributing among 'em 
func confiderable number of ljibles,and Books of Dcvccion,in their Language. Which noble Defign was afterwards rcviv'd and 
iVflier'd by the f Amons J\ohcrt Bcyle^ Ei'q^ and I'everiil other well- 
.iipofert Pcrfons, (particularly chat much lamented Fmiuent Di~ 
vine', D\\ Anikory llcrr.cck) and we're willing to iiope, thac tli',- 
fjinewill be kept llill on Foot, and happil;,' promoted, by the Ai:'. 
ird Kncouragement of Ibme fcrious Chriitiani amongfr u>. "" ' 

| Faith is faid to have been planted in this CouiUiy 

\m'\% t'le end of the f.^cond Century* 





.r\ ru 

'"if-.'. ' 


i 't 

m (ri 




f fi ^ 

' 'li 




.« n|^n 



• * 












part IT. 

; : 



Pro V in 


<! Mea\ 





'5 Mo; 
d I Cav 









part It 

European IJlandt. 





K between J^7 00 J ,„^,„g 
?) between ^5! ^°| of Lat. 

55 25 

ti r Length from S. to N. is 
5 J about 265 Miles. 
So*S Breadth from E. to W. is 
i ^ about 150 Miles. 

Lewfler - 
iDividcd into thQ_)vifler^ 

Provinces of jConnaught- 



L o}ido7iJisrry, 





(Louth County 
Dublin — — 

Longford — 
^ Meath County — 
KJfig*^ County 
§lueen'% County 
}(ilkenny — — 


CDovon County 
^Armagh' — 

Idem — 
Idem — 
Idem — 


from N. to S. 



Caven — 
<! Antrim — 



Molingar^ / 

rkilipjione — Vrom N. to S. 
Mari'biirrow \ 

Idem J 

Idem-) c _rfK. County. 
idem <'^'^^\Kilkenry, 

Londonderry — 
Tirons County 



I I(ofcQnon 

^ JMaio County 

Down — 
*i Armagh 
Idem — 




Idem ■ C , _ -. ,.^ 

Inni4killing'" 3 

Idem, Wo of Londonderry, 

Idem — 

Idem — 
Maio — 

from N. to S. 
Weft ward. 



!i^i i 





' ■ 1" 


; ) '! 






European IjLtnds, 

Part II 

CUr^: County - 

Cork County 

> N. to S. 

^. fo 5 

Weft ward. 


Ii5.imc.] 'THIs Ifland (Turrounded by the BriciJI) Ocean, and r- 
kon'd the Britannia Purvt oi PtoJemj \ mentionMsi", 
Tiy other ancient Writers under the Names o{Jcrr,d, Javcmj^ j(, 
ike, and by modern Authors, J-IiU'rnij) is term'd bv the iu/k 
Jrhnd.i\ by the Sp:inidrds, hUnd:i\ by the French. •■, by tj 
Cci'm.77!Sy Trhrd ; and by the Er^^^lijh, Jrehi)]d\ fo call'd, (is fom, 
imagine") ah hihcrno iicre^ trom the Winrci. like Air : Buc rathej 
(\u,cording to others) from Erinltvi, which in the /;///) TongU;;|'r 
rsirij^-rh a H'cflt^rti Lh-aX^ it being ib in refpeft of Grcjit Briiain. 

P.a'.? The /Jir of this Country is ajmo/l of the fame Nature wit'i 
T-haC of tliofe Partsof Biiuin, whitli lie under the fame Parallel; 
only diiFcientin this, that in feveral Places of this Kingdom, '(is 0' 
ii rnote f^rofi^ dJsd impure Temper ; by realon of the many Lakes am 
r*\ian'hes, wliirh wdCi up fuch a quantity of Vapours, and thereby d 
rorriipt the whole MaCsof Air; as to occafion FIuKts, Rheums, arc 
luch like Diflempcrs, to which the Inhabitants arc frequently Tub 
]-'ti. T)ie o;)poiit£ Place of the Globe to Jycljjul, is that parto 
vl)e Patii-ick Ocean, lying between 180 and ico Degrees of Lon«! 
tune, with 53 and <6 Degrees of South Laritude. 

'^-ml] The Soil of this Country Cil lying in the 9th and lotl 
I'Jorrh Cli;na;e) is a'nndanfly tl-rt:!; but natijrally more ^iti^: 
<^;rafs and Pafturnge, than Tillage. Mucii of ti.' - Kingdom is fli 
overiirown with Woods, or incumhred with vaft Bf^r> and unwhole 
t'orne Marfhe^; -, yielding neither Profit nor Plcafurc to the Ink{3, but not near fo much as fi^rmerly : There beingagrta 
ileal of v;ood cut down, and many luge Ma rib '^s dram'd in tiii 
Age, and the Ground imploy'd fr,r- v-jrion-s ri)rts of Grain, whid 
r: produceth in great Plenty. The longefi Day in the Northnu 
part of this Country, is about 17 Hours and a hair ; the fliortefti,! 
tl)e :>outhmort,7 Hours J; j and the Nights proportionably. 

art II. 

Haritie« ] 

'ountv of 

)ttomof a 

low rvate 

y 120 in 

laces 96 F 





roving th< 

filofoph 7 

the fa mo 

luality ; b 

fy ought 1 

bke, rath 

firtsof thi 


[be Tip of 

ion to appi 

fas former 

of frehr} 


hofe of y^r 
ugh being 


iighlin ani 


CO'.nmoDUieiS^.^ ThecliiefCrtwmci/t/r^ of thii Country, are Cattb 
Jlides, Tallow, Butter, Checie, Hcni^y^ Wax, Svjlt, Hemp, Lind 
Cioth, Pi>pe ^jtavcs, Vv'ooJ, l/rieze>, '.'^V. I 


\k, that of 



pMrnj)ea72 Iflands, 


kat!tie«3 About eight Miles North-Eaft from Cohmit in the 
[oiincv of Antrim^ is that Miracle (whether of Art or Nature^ I fhall 
acdifpute) commonly cali'd Giants Caufvo ay -, which runs from the 
3ttomof a high Hill into the Sea, none can tell how far. Its length, 
ilov) rvater, is about 6cq Feet ; the breadth, where broadett, 240, 
id 120 in the narroweft ; 'tis very unequal in height,being in fome 
laces 36 Feet from the level of the Strand, and in others only 15. 

confilHof many thoufands of Pillars perpendicular to the Plaia 
fltheT/on^ow, and of all different Shapes and Sizes, but moftof'em. 
jentagonal or Hexagonal, yet all irregularly placed. A particular 
Jraughtand Defcription of thii wonderful Caufwayy with an EfTay 
[roving the fame to be rather the Work of Nature than Art, Vid, 
hilofoph. Trill fact. N. 212 and 112. (2.) In the Province of 'l"//f er 
ithe famous loM^^i Neaph, hitherto noted for its rare petrefying 
)aality ; but upon due Examination, 'tis found that the laid Qiia- 
fy ought to be afcribed to the Soil of the Ground adjacent to that: 
hke, rather than to the Water of the Lake it ftif. C^.) In feveral 
lirtsof this Kingdom arc fometimes dug up Horns of a prodigious 
lignefsjone Pair lately found being ten Feet and ten Inches from 
[he Tip of the right Horn to the Tip of the left) which gives occa- 
Ion to apprehend that the gvc:it Americayi Deer, (called the Mcofe) 
Jas formerly common in this Ifland. As for that excellent Qiiali- 

Q^ Ireland in nourifhing no Venomous Creature ; the fame is fo 
(otorioufly known, thatl need fay nothing of it. 

arfl)ht$l}0p;itcl{j3f.] Archbijhoprids in tiiis Kingdom, a rc^ Four, *!;/->■ 
[hofe 0^ Armagh ^ Dublin^ Ciffil^ and Jujrn. The Archbifhop of Ar-^ 
'i;^^ being Primate of all helavi, 

Zmm'^i-'] BiJl:Opricks in this Kingdom, are thofc of 


y^hlin and Ferm 

Limerick^ Ardfttrt and Clonferr^ 

Aghadoy ElpUr:^ 

Waterfordf Pyipho, 

CVt and I{oJ'Sf Verry, 

cloyne, ICjlmort' and Arj[,tgK 

CJoghcr, ifroi-'iyncre, 
Down and Conner, 

anibctfitieut.] Here is only one LWvdf;://tr, .-v/v That oi Duilhr, 

mnnmi The/r///;(accordingtothebeftCharaaerl find of em, 
^z.thdt o( Dr. Bey lins) are a People, that's generally ilrong anril 
finible of Body, haughty of Spirit, carelefs of their / ?um\ patient in 


; * ■ ' 'j 


i M Mi 
MM ' 




■' i 




228 Eurofedn Jflanis. Part II 

Cold and Hunger, implacable in Enmity, conftant in Love, ligh 
of Belief, greedy of Glory. In a word, if they are bad, you (halll 
no where find worfe \ if they be good, you can hardly meet with! 

language.] The Lin^uige here ufcd by the Natives being the /rz/J- 
feems to be of a Bnrz/fe Extraftion, by comparing the fame with] 
the irtf/jJi. The £»g////j and Scots here refiding retain their own. pJ 
i^r-No^dr in the Iri^ Tongue, runs thus: Air mthir atdgh air m\ 
■Hcib^fer hxmmxi \ tigiuhdariatiatche : deantur da hoilamhicoilairnimh] 
agit air thalamki. Air naran laidhthuil tabhair dhuin 4* niombh ; agu\ 
math diiin dair Jhiaca ammil agU mathum viddar fentcbunnim j agU vA 
trihic aflochjay inaufsn'-, ac farfmo ok. Amen. 

Co^ttnmcnt] The Government of this County is by one Supreme 
Officer, who is commonly term'd the Lord Lieutenant^ or Lori dA 
puty o{ Ireland. No Vice-Roy in Europe is invefted with greater 
Power, nor Cometh nearer the Majefty of a King in his Train and 
State, than he. For his Afliftance he'sallow'd a Privy-Councllto 
advife with upon all Occafions. As for the Laws of the Kingdo J 
(which are the ftanding Rule of all Givil Government) they owe 
their Beginning and Original to the Englijh Parliament and Coun- 
cil, and muft ftrft pafs the Great Seal of England. In abfenceof 
the Lieutenant, the Supreme Power is lodged in Lords ^uflicest who 
liave the fame Authority with a Lieutenant. The various CoumI 
of Judicature, both for Civil and Criminal Affairs, and their man- 
ner of proceeding in each of em, are much the fame as herein] 

^m$'] See England, page 219. 

EelifftOK.l The Inhabitants of this Country are partly ProteflmfJ 
partly Pjp//iPi. The beft civilized Parts of the Kingdom are of the 
Reformed Religion, according to the Platform of the Church ot| 
England. But the far greater Part of the old Native Irijh do ftilll 
adhere to Popifh Superftitions, and are as credulous of many Ri.| 
diculous Legends as in former times. The Chriftian Faith was firft 
preached in this Country by St. P^tnV;^, {Anno ^'^<^.) who is gene- 
rally affirmed to be the Nephew of St. tAartin of Tours, 


fart II. 

Eurofean IJlands, 


Having thus travelled thro' £r;u/n and Ireland^ [[the GrcMcr of 
VtBritAnnick Illands] proceed we next to the i.ej/t'r, which in refpeft 
[fCjrfif Britain, arc lituated on the Eafty if^'eft, North and South* 

»The NoJy yjland 

ifeam JJlands 

h'oker fflavd 

)sheppy Jjlatjd 

Jhdnet Jfland 

fThe Lewes 


Sly ' 


^ J Jura • • 



Arran — 


[Scilly IJlands 


of which the^ Mainlain 
chief are )Sapinlha 

(jVeflra — 
iThe Shetland^ C Mainland 
of which the^ 
chief are ^rcJl'— 

nhc Old Fort 
The Old Tower 



All E. of Nor* 

Quinborougb — 7 On theKemi^ 





^Kjljaarick I 
I K^lvorie"' f 

found from 

J K^lconan-" ^ ? N . to S. 





)> M<\ Caftle mgh . — J 


Portland JJl and- 

Jjleofmght ^ 

\l J Port-Sea Jfland- 


Jjles of <^Guernfey ' 
Aldcrmy ^ 


iQrkvtaU I 

Elwick — • 

Perivoa •— rfrom S. to N.N.E, 


Gravelland . 

Portland Caftle S. of Dorfetjhire, 
Newport ? S. of Hatttp- 

Portfmouth — ' J jhirc* 

St. Hilary O 

St. Peter*$ Town ^ W. of Nor^ 
[^Aldernej- ■-J mandy* 

The chief of which Leffer Iflands being thcfe following, v/j. 

iWit Of cades y 


The Schethndy The Ifie of^ Anglsfey, The Ifles of < Guernfey, 

fThe Hebrides^ 



Somewhat of all thefe, and in their Order* Therefore, 

' "If 


^ni : 


^ ''a 


?' .'I' 

S I. The 


European Ifla^ids* 




§ I The Orcxdes or Orkney IjUnds, 

TH E number of thefe lOands is indeed very great, and otel 
26 are attually inhabited \ the reft being call'd Holms^ are us| 
onivr for Pafturage. Malt of 'em are blefs'd with a very pure at 
healthful Air to breath in, but their Soil is very different, beingi 
fome extreamly dry Dry and Sandy, in others Wet and Marf 
Iiowever they're indifferently fruitful in Oats and Bary, butdef, 
tutc of Wheat, Rye, and Peafe. Many ufeful Commodities areyea] 
ly exported from them to divers Foreign Parts. In thefe Illandsat 
feveral Foor-fteps of the P/t^t//!; Narioiv, from whom Pit'? /i?;7(i-rritM 
commonly thought to derive its Name. The inhabitants doltilhj 
tain many Gothict: and Teutonick Terms in their Language; an 
fome ancient: G^rmau Sirnames ( as yet in ufe ) do plainly cvinc 
their Fxtradion. Being as yet great Strangers to that elteniinac, 
of Living in the Southern Parts of £nr.z/>;, they common-ly arrivl 
to very conliderable Ages ; and feldom it is, that they j9/e o/fj[ 
FhyficintL Thefe Illands have been vilited by the J^cmtm, poUdsi 
by the ritls, and fubjedt to the Vanes'^ bvit Chrifiianiy. ofm 
tnark having quitted all his Prctenuons to 'em in favour of Kin] 
yames VL upon the Marriage of that Prince with his Sifter, the] 
have ever lincc acknowledged Allegiance to the Scottijh Crowij 
and are immediately govern d by the Stewart of Ormy^ orhf 

§ 2. The ShetUnd. 

UNDER, the Name of Shetlutii, arc commonly comprelienl 
ed no lefs than 46 Illands, with 40 Nolmsy betides manl 
Rocks. Of thefe Illands, about 26 are inhabited, the reftbeinj 
ufed only for feeding of Cattle. They enjoy a very healthful An 
and the Inhabitants do generally arrive to a great Age. In feve 
ralof*em are fome t^M/U-rftillftanding, with divers old Fabricksl 
JTiade (as is commonly believ'd) by the PiBs. The Gentry, wlij 
removed hither from the Continent, ufually, fpeakasin the Not] 
o^Scotland \ but the common fort of People (who are defcendej 
from the KorvegUns) do ftill retain a corrupt Norfe Tongue, call'] 
Norv, All thefe Illands belong now to the Crown of i'cor'uw^ an^ 
arc reckon 'd a part of the Stewarty of(?rl'w«{;. 

§ J. TI)( 

PartlP^^ I^- 

§ J. The Hebrides, 

IrHis tnighty Cliifier of I Hands (rhe hhdti of PtoJeniy, SoUr.w.^ and 
*'- Tlirjy) au coinmonly tcrm'd the Wejiern IJla from their Situa- 
jon in lefpect oi' .S'ioil.tnd, to whicli Crown tliey belong. In Sni! 
fhey'rc very diilerent, but gerier;H)y blelt with a pure and healths 
iilAir. They fiirpafs 300 in A^/rW;rr, tho' reckoned byfomebut44. 
[Xheir Inhabiiants ufe the hiji Tor.jiue, yet with difference of Dia- 
left from that in Ireli?ii'y and are much the lame with the High- 
landers on the Continent of iy^or/jwcf, both in Habit, Cuftoms, and 
niinner of Living. Die moft remarkable of all thefe lllands, are 
Two, v/^. '^ovjf and St. KjLIj. The former fnow called Lolumb^ 
1::,, nigh the Hie oi Mull) is noted for being of old the Bi'rying- 
j'laceof the Ivings of Siotlind^ and the chief Refidence oi- the c.n^ 
cicnt Cw/^('e5. The other (rerm'd by the JHanders, ///Vr; \rf 
liichava?: /Jina ', and aftei wards St, iQIdi oi' jQlhr) isthercno- 
^-ftofall zhe l/ebtides^ and fo obfervable for Ionic Remarkable^ 
therein, and feveral uncommon Cuftom; peculiar to its Inhabi- 
nnts, that a Defcription thereof was of late thought worthy of a 
partirilar Treatile, intituled, A Voj:igs to St^hyida., to which I 
mm the Reader. 

§ 4. The Ijle of Man. 

THisIfland (called Mjwot'rf^z h^ TtoUmy \ and hy Tlhy^ Mo7tihiu) 
^ enjoys a verv told and fliarp Air, being expofed on every 
lide to the bleak piercing Winds fiom the Sea. Its Soil oweth much 
vi'its Fertility to the Care and Induftry of the Husbandman. The 
Inhabitants) a mixture of £w^////;, i>coxs, and /;-//];, commonly called 
Mwhwew) have in general a very goon Charatter. The ordinary 
fort of People retain much of the irijh in their Language and way 
of Living j but thole of better Rank Itrive to imitate the Englijh. 
In this they're peculiarly happy, that all litigious Proceedings are 
bmiflied from among 'em, all Differences being fpeedily determin- 
ed by certain Judges, called T^t-d/rt/i'eM, and that without Writings 
or Fees: If the Cafe be found very intricate, then 'tis referr'd to 
12 Men, whom they term'd the K^eys of the liland. This Ifland be- 
longed once to the Smsy and in it the Bifhopof the Jfles hadhi& 
Cathedral; bur now the whole, together with the Advowibn of 
the Biflioprick, belongs to the Earls oi Derby ^ who are commonly 
ftil'd Lords of AiiVf tho' I^tigs in effv'd; they having all kind ot 
Civil Power and Jurifdittion over the Inhabitants, but ftill under 
(lie Feif and Sovereignty of the Crown of £»gUvJn 


I', ■ 


It • .' 

/ .' I 








III, wL , •; i 





European If.ands. 

§ 5- ^^g'^feh 

Part, ijfsrt IT. 

'pHij lOand (the celebrated Afo?/^ of the F^matiSt and ancient 
Seat of the Z>r«/itf5) is blefs'd with a very fruitful Soil, pro] 
ducing moft forts of Grain (efpecially Wheat) in fuch abundance] 
that the IVcJjhf conimonly term it, Man mam Gymryj i.e. MontUi 
NurjcryoflVakSy becaufe that Principality is frequently fupply'j 
from thence in unfeafonable Years. 'Tis commonly reckon'dai 
one of theCounriesof A^ortfe.fr4/^5, and acknowledgeth Subjeitioc 
to the Crown of EvgUthi* 

§6. Thtip of Wight. 

'THis Ifland (term'd by Ttolemy^ OviKJmrig ; and by the iigmm, 
Vecldi Vediu or Viilefis ; enjoys a pure healthful Air 5 and isge. 
nerally rcckon'd a very pleafanr and fruitful Spot of Ground. 'Twasl 
once honoured (as tht^ UkofAlw) with theTitle of I^rgdoniy fori 
I/etjry licmctump^ Earl oilP^drwuk, wasCrown'd King of ^f/gh byl 
JIai'ry\'\, y4mw 14.4.^. bur that Title died with himfclf about t«o| 
Years after ; and 'tis now reckoned only a part of Hampfhire^ andij| 
govern'd in like manner, as other of the Lefler Illands. 

§ ?• J^^^f^h Guernfey^ and AUerney, 

nrHtfj Illands wicli Sirk (another fmall adjacent Ifle) are all cf 
WiUum the Conqueror's Inheritance, and Dukedom of/Vo>mi«- 
iy, that now remains in Poireirion of the Evglijh Crown. Their] 
Soil is iuiiiciently rich, producing in great abundance both Corn 
and Fruits, efpecialiy Apples, ot which they make plenty of Sy- 
der i and the Air is fo healthful to breath in, that the Inhabitants! 
have little or no ule for Phyficians among 'em* They chietiy im- 
ploy thcmfclves in j4gn culture' y and Knitting of StockinSi and (la* 
ring War with l-r.iyu:e^ they're much givqc to Privateering. It'^j 
oblervable of Guem ty, that no venomous Creature can live in i:; 
and that the Natives generally look younger by ten Yearsthanl 
they really are. The lilands bi-ing annext to the hfiglijh Crown.l 
Mko 1 180. by l/airy \. have (to their great Honour) continu'd firiiil 
in their Alegiancc to E)igU}^ic\(tt lince that time, notwithftaading 
offevcral attempts made upon em h^ ih: Vraich. And To mucii 
for tlw LciL-r BrUxmiuk Jjl.inds But it the Readc r dcllres a lai^^r 


art. III?^^^ ^^' Efiropea^ IJlands. 22 g 

Account of 'em, let himconfult the late Edition of CmhUn^Bri" 
rvfjij, from pag. 1O49 to 1116 inclufively. 

If . m Having thus particularly furvey\l the Britdmiick JIhvdSf both 

I ?^cien(|Q,^.^{.grand LeiTer, proceed we now faccording ro our propofcd. 

►oil pro«:^|(3[.j^Qd^ tQ fhe Second Part of this Section, which is to take a 

'^^^fBfiewof all other Klands belonging to Europe ^ whether they lie on 

r\,m\\^ North, Wtji or South of the main Continent. Therefore 

ckon'd li 

II. Of all Other European IJlands. 


e ^mm, 
ind isge-l 
nd. 'Twasj 
giow, fori 
iVigh byl 
re^ andiJ 

Jre all of 
f A^O>wi.i«.| 
I. Their 
oth CornI 
:y of Sy. 
liiefly im' 
i and (la- 
ing. It'^l 
live in ii: 
ears thani 
'; Crown, 

s a laigcr 

.European Jjlxnds be fituated on the^I^cy? ^o{ Europe, 


North J are the Scandhmvun Iflmds, 
I CThe JjJe of Ice-landt 

lOnthe^ffV/?, are ^The Britannick Qof which already.] 

( The Azores, 
South, arethofe in the Mediterra?iean SSito 

Of which in their Order. 

§ I . The Scmdina.vian IJlmds. 

Such lilands are thofe belonging to< Denmark^ 

^ Norma). 

P^igen — 

•"] [Bergen — 

. 1 § j J{ottomby 

■ ^ o Borhholm 

iJo Sweden jO eland 

lare chieRyy Gothland ^^ j IViJiiby 

'thole of yOefal , 5 Arnsberg 

Dago ' g 

Aladd 1 




J-'aJileholmy Northward* 

J Zealand, 

9 yo C *^'^mmn^ 

^ '■'(.■. I 

.. r.i 








: ^ 

i '':li 

|1 ' ■ 

I . 




European Ijlands. 

Part 11 

To Den-mrk Y^righrii 
arc chieHy ^h^^^''^ " 

W. to 


/ femeren 

Nykopi7}g •—■ 
Stege — — 

Sortierborg J 



To Norwxy 
are chiefly 
thofc of 

}Sdnien - 
,Suroy • 

^ /"W. of Jr^viwger 
.5 ) VJ » of Vronthem 
J ^Adjacent 


to Wurdhm 


|5ime]nrHefe Iflands are term'd Scandhtavian, from the vaft Temu 
fula of Scajidix or ScindhuvU^ nigh unto whofe Coafls 
thofe Iflands do generally lye. The Peninfula. it felf (mentionM both 
by P/iw^and j'o/iw/w under the fame Name) is probably taken from 
the fmall Province of .SVt^iew, call'd Scania^ now more commonly 
Schoijen. As for the chiefcft of the Scandinavian lH^ndSy vi^» Zeji.\ 
land [^ the ancient Cadononia of VomponiuA lAela^ our modern DM 
Geographers would fain derive its Name from the great plent^of 
Corn it produceth ; alledging that Zealand or Seeland, is only a 
corruption oisedUni or Seedlavd, But others, with greater fliewci 
Probability, will have its modern Denomination to denote only a 
plat of Ground or Ifland furrounded with the Sea. 

^it''} The Sfandinxvian Iflands being ftrangely fcattered npar,i 
down the -Bi/tq«eSea, and the main We.flern Ocean, and thofe ofa 
very different make, (fome being high and rocky, others low anJ 
plain) the temperature of the Air can't be expected to be the fame 
in all of 'em, efpeclafly as to Aloifiure a.m\ Drymfs, As touching //« 
and Cold^ it's much the fame with the Air of thofe Places on the Ad- 
jacent Continent that lie under the fame Paraflels of Latitude. 

^oil. 1 The Soil of the Scandinavian Ifland is wonderfully difFerent,! 
fome of'em being very Fertile, and others extreamly Barren. Thel 
Fertile Iflinds are thofe ^(Zealandf Gothlandy Bornholm, Ftinen^ hl'_ 
fler, LaUndy and the Ween* In all, or moft of 'em, is good plenty cf| 
Corn^ not only enough for their Inhabitants, but alfb a confulcia^ 
ble quantity for Tranfportarion. They likwifc abound with cicod 
Paftarage, and breed vaft numbers of Cattle. The length or tlic| 
Days and Nights in the 6't•<^Wi/;>;i^'/■iW /yJi/?;^/f, is the very lame wir'i 
thofe Parts of Si\indi?uvia it felf, that lie under the fame parallel) 
of Latitude, 


Part 11. 

European Jjl^ndsi 


CommoBittf?.] The chief Ccwwoi/f/Vi exported from the bcft of 
t\\o[is J/lands are i-///?, Ox-BUss, Bud-Skhn, and Corn, particuldrly 
iVksaty Barley^ Hys and Oats. 

)Xaritit3f.] In the Ijldnd U^sen are yet to be feen the Ruins of an 
ancient Oofervatory.cieded by Tycho Brabt: tbat famous Vjitiijh J(ho- 
vomer '^ one part whereof being formerly an high Tow^y wasterm'd 
Irmburg^ and the other a deep Dwgion, befec with Locki}}g~Gljf]l's, 
was named his Stelliburg. How neat this Obfirvatory was, when in- 
tire, and how well ftocl^t with AUxhsmatical hijhumsntsj is now un- 
certain ; but this, methinlis, is pretty certain, that the Jjlarni Wctyi 
(;vith lubmiffion to better Judgments) was none of the rictclt for 
Ai\ronomicd Vbfervations oi all forts [^fuch as the taking the exa^t 
time of the riling and fctting o^iCccleftial Bodies, together with their 
Amplitudes^ becaufe the ///.twi lies low, and is Land-lock d on all 
Points of theCompafs iavt three ; being hemm'd in by the Swedijh 
and Vanijh Coalts from S. to E* quite round to 5. S W. as I particu- 
larly took notice of Annoi'joo. (having then occahon to be upon 
the/yZ^wi) befides thefcniible Land Bonbon of the Wcoi is excrtam- 
Imneven and ruggid J the AVt^and EajUm Parts thereof being 
[mt riling Hills in the Province oiSchoven^ and thcU'efiem Part is 
mcftly overfpread with Trees on the JjUnd Zsahndy from the re- 
inoteltof whofeCoalts the IVecji is not diftant above three Leagues. 
Nigh to the Jfli of H'nteren on the NorvagianCodiW is that dreadful 
Whirlpool, commonly called the ]<lavd of the Sea : But of it al- 
, ready when treating of iVorw^_y. As for the J{urities of the Jfu^ui 
Zaiimi (particularly thofe in the t/[uf(Xim Reghm, 3,zCope77hag<;r:0 
Vid. Dc?imark» 

fitc!)bi0l)opjiick8f, &c.] Vid. Swedai, Demurk and Norwaj, 

S'^nners.] The ScavdivAvia7i Ifiinds that are aclually Inhabited, 
lare generally Peopled from the nearcft Part of the Continent, and 
lare therefore itockt either with Sweda^ Dunes or Norvegiavs. What 
the particular Genius of each of thole Nations is, has been already 
pdared, when treating of the various Kingdoms oi'Scundhuvia, to 
[Which 1 remit the Reader. 

Idnjiiacc.^ What hath been juft now faid of the Inhabitants of 
t^f:S(:,r,jdi7i.r.ij)! Iflttnds in reference to their Manners, the fame may 
|hea;iirmcd of them with relation to their Language, 

(f'olirrnmfjit.l T)\^ Scavdhinvl.ifi ]]].i7}.Uht\(:Mig\\)^ to Sweden, Dm- 
-'ii' or A'c'ir/v, .Jo own >']bj-tlii.)n cirhtr to \)\% Sv":d'^) ov D.niijh 

\K - Maielh- :; 







256 European Illands, Part II 

Moj^fty; and the moft conllderable of 'em are accordingly ruki 
hy pjrticular Govemours, either appointed in, or fcnc to 'eiTi b, 
the two Northcin Courts o^ S%vei^n and Dtnm,irk* 

ZU\\} ] Vid. ScxrJinjiv'u* 

IR^I Sicn J Thofe of the ScmdhuvUn Iflands that are a^^ually k.\ 
habircdjheingPeopied (as aforefaid) either from ^'jTfid?/, Vcnni.v' 
or iVornvf)/ ; ^wa uukernyjijm being the only cftjblilh'd Religion i:i 
thofe Kingdom?, '.he Iniiabitants of thofe Ijhnds may be gentral!; 
reckon'd to prot'efs tiie fame Religion. The particular Time when! 
each of 'em receiv'd the Light ot the bleifedGofpel is uncertain. 

§ 2. The Ifie of Ice-la/nd. 

i?M\\z.]'-r''ii\s jjland (taken by fome for the much controvertt. 
Thulii of the Ancients) is term'd by the Jtaliavs, JJIdndvA 
by the Spaviurdsy Ticrra eUda ', by the Fretjchy JfUvde^ by the Gcrmi'/uA 
Jjlmi ; and by the E/jgliJh, Ice-iand, fo call'd from the abundance 0: 
Ice, wherewith 'tis environed for tlie greateft part of the Year, 

2ii'-] By reafon of the frozen Ocean furrounding this JJUvd, arn! 
tlic ^^reu quantity of Snow wherewith 'tis moftly covered, the Air 
inultofnccclfity be very (liarpand piercing, yet abundantly heaUl,- 
ful to brca.h in, efpccially to thofe who are accuftomed with thai 
cold Climaie. Tlr.^ oppofite Place of the Globe to Jcd-land, is tha: 
part of the vdfi Antraitick Ocean, lying between 180 and 190 D.:- 
grees of Longitude, with 60 and 70 Degrees of South Latitude. 

<§.il.] Confulering only the Situation q^ Ice-Und (it lying In tk| 
18th, 19th, 2Dth, and 2 lit North Climate) we may eafily imngi; 
the Soil is none of the befi'. In fome Parts where the Ground i:| 
level, there are indeed fevcral Meadows very good for Paltuic,| 
but elfewhere the IJlwd is incumbred either with vaft Defart?, 
barren Mountains, or formidable Rocks. So deliituteof (arain isl 
it, that the poor Inhabitants grind and make Bread of dryM tif^j 
Bones. In the Northern Parts they have the Sun for one Mont;.| 
without Setting, and want him intirely another, according ablie| 
approachcth the two Tropicks. 

€cmmntJiti£tf ] From this cold and barren Jflmdy are yearly ex- 
ported Pilh, Whale-Oyl, Tallow, Hides, Brimrtone, and Wlnrt-i 
1 ^xcs Skins, which the Nativcij barter with Strangers for Nccella- 
lies of Human Life. 

Part 11. 

European Ifla/sdi. 


l\mttf9^.1 Notwithftanding this lj].md dcth lie in fo cold a Clinnte, 

lyctin it are divers hot and ftalding I'cuntains, with fkcl.i a teiri- 

He Viiharw, which Tho* always coverM with Snow up to the very 

Top) doth frequently Vomit forth Fire and Sulphurous Matter in 

[great abundance; and thdt fometimcs with fuch a terrible roaring, 

that the loudeit Claps of Thunder are hardly lo formidable. In the; 

WcJlern Parts of the Ijl,i)jd is a [.ake of a putrefying Nature, and 

towards the Middle, another which commonly (ends up iuch a pe- 

jiMentious Vapour, as frequently kills Birds that endeavour to fiy 

fverit. Some alio write of Lakes on the Tops of Mountains, and 

liiiofe well ftored with Salmon. 

arcI)bis1jopjit:ft?, &C.;] In this //7iwi are two /^jw/j/; Bifhopricks, 
|;i.>. thole of SchMholt and flou. Archbifhopricks ai.d Univerfities, 

a3^nners^.1 The Ice-landcrs (being Perfons of a middle Stature, 
Ibutof great Strength) are generally reckonM a very ignorant and 
jiiiperftitious fort of People, They commonly live to a great Age, 
n.lmany value themfelves not a little {^i their Strength of Budy- 
Both Sexes are much the fame in Habit, and their chiet Imploy- 
|nent isFifhing, 

UHjiiitrt] xhe D.rne:i here rending, do ufually fpeak as in Da:- 
\!.'h As for the Natives, they ItiU retain the old Gothid Tongue. 

6ot)crnmnU.j TK\^ Ifimd being fubiea to the Awd/? Crown, is 
[ovcrn'd by a particular Vice-Roy, fent: thither by the King of 
Murly whole place of Refjdcnce is ordinarily in ikfiodc-Cdjik. 

For Arms, Vid, Demnuri:, page 74. 

fieliSfon ] The Inhabitants ot this //7^»ii, who own Allegiance to 
tDamJhQrown^ are generally the fame in Religion with that 
Irotcfb'd in Devmark ; as for the uncivilized Natives, who com- 
loaly abfcond in Dens and Caves, they ftill adhere to their an- 
ient Idolatry as in former times. When Chriftianity was hrlt in- 
oluced into this //7^?/;/, is not very certain. 





V? Th 


' 1 *■ ' 

' i1 



Earopea;j Ijhrjds, 
§ J. The Jzores. 

Part II, I Part II 

f St Michiel — 

St. AUria 





They are in 
Numoer 9.*^ St, George- 


Found from W.Chief 
Town of all, isyingn in 

Floras - 



l^amc. ] 'THefe Iflands (taken by fome for the CatHterides ofTtok. 
rny) are termed by the ItaJiavsy Fhfiderice JJoU ; by the 
Spifihris, Los ^^ores ; by the Frevjch^ Les Azores ; by the Germim^ 
Flmitrfche hifulm ; and by the Englif^y the J^^nres \ fo called by their 
Diicov rers (the Portuguese) from the abundance of Hawks found 
in thtm. By others, they're termM the Tcrceres from the Illand 
Jcrcer.j^ being chiefof all therein 

0tr. 1 The Air of thefe Iflands inclining much to Heat, is tolera- 
bly ^ood, and very agreeable to the Portuguese, The oppofite Place 
of tht* Globe to thw^ Jiorts, is that Part of Terra AuflralU Incognni^ 
lyinjU>t.'tween the 16$ and 175 Degrees of Longitude, with 3$ and 
. 41 Degrees of South Latitude. 

't?)o'tl.'] Thefe It). inds are hlefsM with a very Fertile Soil, prodi> 
cinp, abundance of Grain, Wine, and Fruit, befides great plenty 
of Wood. The length of the Days and Nights in the Axores^ is the 
fame ab in the uiiddle Provinces of Spairij lying under the fame pa- 
rallels of Lntitudc. 

Commotrac^'.] Tlic chief thing exported from thefe Jflatids, v. 
(>.id tor Di-rs, anvi that in great abundance, together with variety 
of choice Singing Birds. 

ll'ai'iticfi] Here are fcvcral Fountains of hot Water, and onelii 
'Jt'rjertzof^ petrefying Nature. The Illand Tercera is alfo remarka. 
ble for being the Place of the firft Meridian, according to ibme 
Alodern Geographers. In the Ifland Pico is the Pic of St. Ceo>pt 
(from whence the //7c? derives its Name) which is a Mountain ofa 
prodigious height, being coiHinonly etteem'd almoft as high as the 
famous n, of'fcujyijf, 


rt II, I fart IL 

Eurofean Ipnds. 


accIjbiiBf!)opMcfc«^ . &:c.3 Here Is one Bifhoprick, viz> Thatoi j^ngra, 
under the Archbifhopof iw^owtr. 

c^zmttp.^ The Inhabitants of thefe ^4wii being Portuguese, are 
much the fame in Manners with thofe on the Continent. 

taiiSua^e-] The Fortugueie here refiding, do ftill retain and fpeak 
their own Language. 

<5o\)crnment] Thefe JJJavds being inhabited and poffeffed by the 
fomgue^e^ are fubjeft to the Crown of Portugal, and ruled by a 
particular Governour fent thither from that Court, who ordinarily 
irefides 3LtJngrA in Tercera* 

Ueligton.] The Inhabitants of thefe JJlands being Portuguese (as 
liforeiaid) ftickclofe to the /^wiaw Religion, and that in its grofleft 
Errors, as univerfally profeffed, and by Law eftablifli'd, in the 
I Kingdom oiPortugah 

§ 4. Mediterraman IJlands. 

N the South oi Europe are the Ijlandsofthe Mediterranean Sea : 
the chief of which are thefe following. 


Tvica — 


Citadella - ^Lying E. of Valencia. 


'^^ Sardinia j>H <{ Cagliari — j*Lying S. of Genoua, 

j* Lying S. W.o^ Naples. 


Palermo — 


— It • c r^The Archipelago, 
„]^LyingS.of-J^„^jo//,; ^ 

ij ''■; 



■ S- 

Of all which in Order, beginning with 

MajorcMj Minor ca^ and Tt'/V^ 

|/5amc.] T^ Ach of thefe Ifiands hath almoft the fame Modern Ap- 

I Py pellation among the Italians, Spaniards^ French, Germans 

and £;/£///)) i and were all known of old by the Name of Bakares, 

' R 4 which 








\ "■ 

1; ,1^ 

i r. 


240 European I/lands. 

which Is derived from nd^j.Hv fignifying to Van or 7horv, becau!"- 
their Inhabitant's were famous for their Dexterity in throwing 
Stones with a Sling. 

^ir.] The Jir of thefe IJlavds is much more temperate to breat'\ 
in, that any where on the adjacent Continent, bting daily fann'l 
by cool Breezes from the Sea. The oppofite Place ot the Globe to 
the Baleares, is that part of the Ocean, between 200 and 
20s Dcgr.cs of Longitude, with 35 and 40 Degrees of South Lati 

^oil.] The two former of thefe //?j?;Ji are foirewhat Mountair. 
ons and V»'oody, but the laft is more plain, and extremely fertile,! 
both in Corn, Wine, and divers fort ot Fruits: It likewife ij 
aboundeth with Salt;, that divers Ncia,hbouring Countries are (up. 
ply'd from thence. 



mmotiitics? 3 From thefe IJhnds are exported to feveral Parts 
pe,Salt, VS ine, Brandy, Coral, with variety of Fruits, ^c 

Parities.] On theCoaftsof /W-^jorr.^ is found abundance of excel] 
lent Coral, for which the Inliabitants frequently tidi withgo;;J 
Succefs. Tvi''ii is laid to nourifh no noxious Animal, and yet foi- 
menter.i fan Adjacent JJJdnd, and one of the B^/e^irtfi) is fo infcftd 
with Serpents, that the fame is.uninhabited. 

Grcl)t!i'£l)0}!;tck3.] In thefe Jfl^tjds is one Bifhoprick, vr^. thatci 
Mj]orc.i (under the Archbiihop i^i' Terr.ip^ov) where is alio a fame:] 

^Fanners^.] The Inhabitants of thcCc I/lavds ht'ing Spmards, r.\ 
niuch the fame in Manners with thofe on the Continent. 

iLau^Uftge."! What was juft now faid of the SpxnUrds on M 
Jjlmds, in refpedt of M^n?jers, the fame may be aVurmM of 'eraij 
Vo'int of La7?gu^gc, 

<S5oDCi'nnunt.] Thefe IfJxnds being annex 'd to the Crown oL^pA 
are ruled by one or more Governours, fent thither by his CatlJ 
lick Majslty, and generally renevv'd every third Year. 


IReliSton."! The Inhabitants of thefe Jjlxvdshewg Spaniards, areaj 
r){ the J^ma-fi Communion^ and as bigotted Zealots for thePopii 
Doctrine, as ellewhere on the Continent. They receiv'd the Lis^i 
*)* the BUjfidGoJpel much about the fame time with %(w. 

European Ijldnds. 




|^.',me]nnH E former of thtfe Iflands ( callM firft by the Grcch 
X Terce'ne^ and afterwiuds Tp'rwe from Cymts, reckon'd by 

home a Son of Hercules) is now termed io^'Jtca, from Cor/« BubuUa, a 

Urtain Woman oi Lignriay who is faid to have led a Colony out of 
thar Countiy hither. And the other ( according to the Opinion of 
!r5 Inhabitants) is calTd Sardigriia^ from Sardus, another Son of Her- 

i,,(/t;, who, they fay, was the Hi 1\ that fettled a Colony therein, and 
nive it this Name in Memory of himiclf. 

GU'.jThe /'.r of thefe Iflands is univerfally reckon'J to be very im- 
iicaithful, tfpecially that of Corjlcaj which is the reafon of its being 
f.) thinly inliabited. The oppofitc Place of the Globe to them, is thac 
ia:t of Nova '/.elandia, or adjacent Ocean, between 210 and 215 De- 

ll IjirtSL^grees of Longitude, with $7 and ^3 Degrees of South Latitude 

^■)Ci!-] Thefe Iflands differ mightily in 'oY, the former being Cfor 
the moft part) very flony, full of VVood*;, and lying uncultivated ; 
but the other very fertil, rtffording abnnJance of Corn, Wine and 
Oil, &c. The length of the D.iys and Nights in thefe Iflands, is tlic 
fame as in the Middle and Southern Parts o{ S'^air.. 

CommorntieS.j The cWitf CcfnnorUt.cs exported from thefe Iflands, 
Mt Corn, Wine, Oil, Salt, Iron, and fcveral forts of Fruits^ efpeci- 
>illy Figs, Almopds, Chefnuts, &c. 

I?antiei5"' In fevcral parts ox Cor (Jc a \s found r Sronc, ^^cnmm^fl]y 
calTd C^nochhe) whicli being handled ilick* to the Fingers like (ilue. 
^a'dignia is laid to harbour no vtncmous Creature, no, nor any no-^ 
xioiis Animal, fave Foxes, and a little Creature nam'd Solifuga, which 
jcfcmhles a I'rojj. Thofe Animals cal]*d Mafroncs, or Ma(i io e, are 
peculiar to this Ifland. 

r r*g 



.r.ljbtsl)Op;iCkJ. 3 ^rchb;[l:0^rUk', are Cagliari,;:;-^, 
i^'Ugni^ all in SA'-'dignia, 

and Or;- 

";I5{SljOrJick5.] Bijlifr.-ch, are tliofe of Kdl^io, y^ja>^o, Mariana. 
Altcriuy Sugova^ ?ini\ A^cia, A\ in Ccrfica, (whereof the four Idft are 
now ruin'd ) together with I iHa alghfia^ Bofa, and ^Ugheri, in S£r- 

t — 



J i 




European IJlands. 


dniberfitica;. 3 Here is only one Univerjitj^ vix- thit oi Cagliari. 

^anmtss.'] The Inhabitants ofCorfca are reputed Cfor the eenerali 
ty of cm) a cruel, rude, and rcvcngful fort of People; a People 
given to Piracy in former times, that many think the Name of Corftu 
is derived from them. As for the Inhabitants of Sardigniay they be] 
ing maftly Spaniardst are much the fame with thofe in H^ain. 

^an(jlUJe] Lang'i^es here In ufe are the Spanijh and Udiany tli^ 
former in Sm-digma^ and the latter in Corfaa, but mightily blcndeij 
one with another. 

eoMsVimm.] The Ifle of Corfica being fubjcft to the Gcnoefc, ij 
rul'd by a particular Governour ( who hath for his AHilbncc, on« 
Lieutenant, and feveral CommifTirics) fent thither by the Rcpublicfe 
of Genoa, and renev^'d once in two Years; and Sardigma ( being ia 
the PoirclTion of the Spaniard) is governed by a Vice-Roy appoint] 
ed by his Catholick Majefty, and renew'd every third Year. 

IRelision.] The Inhabitants of both thefe Iflands adhere to the R. 
fnxn Church in hergrofleft Errors, and receive, with an implicit Faith, 
■whatever flie teaches ; and correfpondent to their Principles is their 
PratVife, efpecially in Sardigniay where the People are fo grofly Immo- 
ral, as ufually to dance and fing prophane Songs in their Churches im- 
mediately after Divine Worfiiip. The Chriftian Faith was planted 
here much about the fame time with the Northern Parts of Italy. 

s I c I L r. 

|5aJtlf.'T~^His IHand ( of old Sicaniay Trinaeria^ and Triquetra)\ 
X termM by the Italians and Spaniards^ Sicilia ; by th 
French, Sicih ; by the Germans^ Sicilien ; and by the Englijl), Sicily. Its 
Name is deriv'd from Sicuii (an Ancient People in Latium) wlio 
being driven from their Country by the y^bongines, were forc'd to 
fcek for new Habitations, and accordingly came over to Stcaniu, 
(headed, as fome alledge, by one Siculus) which from them acquif J 
Wnew Name, 'vi^. thatof 5;V /y. 

Sit] No Ifland in thefe Parts of the World enjoys a purer and 
more healthful Air than this does. The oppofite Place of the Globe 
to S'cilys is that part of Neva Ze'an^ia, between 21$ and 120 Dt^grees 
of Longitude, with 34 and 38 Degrees of South Latitude. 

^oil] Fi 
itility of 
1^ even tc 
(It is the 1 
under t 

^> Sug. 

RaritifjB^. ] 
ss, where 
ities was 1 
oke amor 
twccn th 
ock, and 
akes fuel 
'ords and 
Ifo is a lar 
nown all 
pmous M( 
ive; wit 

, /tfW. 1 1 

iHn-iHi's P 

iiofc of 


European IJlands. 

24 J 

^oil] Fully anfwcrablc to the Healthfulnefs of tlie Jir^ Is the 

Ltility of the Soi7, fevcral of its Mountains being incredibly fruit- 

I even to the very tops. Tlie length of the D^ys and Nights 

re is the lame as in the Southern Provinces o£ Spaitif they bothly- 

under the fame Parallels of Latitude. 

jloUtntOtiittcs.l The c\\\t^ Commodities of this Ifland arc Silks, Wine, 
Honyj Sugar, Wax, Oyl, Saffron, und many Medicinal Drugs, &c. 

RtUittCJB^. ] Near to ancient Syracufe, arc fome Subterranean Cavi- 
les, where Dionyfus the Tyrant Ihut up his Slaves. Over thefe Ca- 
nities was his PaLce ; and being anxious to over-hear wh?.t his Slaves 
poke among themfelvcs, here is ftill to be (<:Qn a Communicatioa 
mvccn the aforefaid Cavities and his Palace, cut out of the firm 
lock, and refcmbling the interior Frame of a Man's liar, which 
fekes fuch a curious Eccho, that the leaft Noife, yea, articulate 
Vords and Sentences, when only whifpei'd, are clearly heard. Here 
llfo is a large Theatre of the fame Tyrant, cur out of the firm Rock. 
Inown all the Wor'd over is that hideous Fo'ar.o of rliis Ifland, the 
Inious Mount TJna (now M. Gibel) whofe fudden Conflagrationf, 
y fulphurous Htuptions, are fometinies moft terrible and dcftru- 

ive; witnefs thofe which hapned in the Year i6C^. and more late^ 
L Ann. 169 u For a particular Dcfcription of this remarkable 
Mfuntain, and all otlier noted P'olcanos in the World, mid. Dottoni 
\m-iHi's Pyrokgia Typogra^hica. 

9rt!)bi,8!)0p^{cft.^-] In this Illand are Three JrMjhprickf, 'v;■^ 
Ihofs of 

Palermo f McJfiiiX^ Mnt-RcaU 

i^iPljopjttCft^f. ] Here likewife are feven Bij})oprickst v z^ thofe of 



Cefitledi, St. Marro, 

Pati, Gergenty, 

Cimtjcvritic^ ] Here is only one Un^'verfityy viz. that o£Catana. 

Qjjanner^ J The Siciliam being moflly Spaniardt, are much the 
fine in Manners with thofe in Spain, only with this Difference, that 
[ley merit < according to fome) a blacker Charaftcr thiin a Native 

* j.i 



I in 

I [ 

I i 1 


• i" 


i! ;ii 



EuropsAn IfiU/.^ds. 


!LanS^3SC.] The ore? J nary L^vguage o{ tliJ SiciUa7is is Sam^] 
Nvhich is commonly usM, not only by tiK Spunia)^!^ but alio Per] 
fons of all otlicr Nations, jellJing in the I'i.nd. 

<30\)ernmcnt J This lihr.d be]onf;Jng to the Si^.^niari ( for wluci 
lie does Homage to tli:: Pope) i, ruJ d by a particular Vice.Roy 
appointed and fent thither by his ('arholick A'LijcOy, whofe Go-i 
vcrnment (as mr.^ other cf r-K' 5;^?."/L Vice-Roys) is Triennia! 
and PJaCe of Rclidcncc Ij'Ur'/v 

For /?y>w;, rjid' S^a.n^ pjg. \^i. 

IPvttiSicn J The Religion here eilablifirj and puliickly profefs'J, [i 
the fame as in Jta'j and ^Jain. This ilhnd recclv'd the Lii^ht ot'th:;| 
Qkflld Gofpel in the e^ilitll -Ages of the Church. 

M A L T J. 

.T^nmC.;^ ^"T^W T 9 Ill-nd i Icnown formei fy hy tlie fame Njme, oi 
X MMta) i*^ tc;ni'd by the rrcncl}, Mahe; by the %;| 
C.crwmiSi ^ ahha ; by tlie Halian^j Spaniards rmd I^JJglijh, Malta : Wiiy 
lb caird, i:; nor fully agretd Dpcn omong Criticks ; yet mofi: alTirm, 
\A\M its Name of hklit^t c:^me f om Wt/, u^^on the Account of a greai:| 
rienry of llony in this li'huid. 

9CfJ The Air of this Is extremely hot nnd ftiflinf , them.v 
ny high Rocks towards rh'; Sei, obfl-nitiing the benefit of cf)ol liict- 
zes from rlv.' lunoanding Ocean. The ojipohte I'hice of the Globe 
to Milt0, is' \)■^^x.()if''ova'/.i''.r,ldi(t, between. 215 and 220 Degrccs| 
of Longitude, with 32 and 34 Degrc s of ^outh Latitude. 

"xol.l This IHind can J.)y no jnft CMm to ati Fxcellency of^c//; 
k being extremely diy ?.nd janen, and miidi tncu»nbr''d \\n\\ 
llocks. It affordeth iirile Orn or Wine, bur is lupply'd from S.- 
cily of borli. The lengrli oF U^iys and Night in ^ai/;^, is the fame 
as in the Southnioil Part of S,^;;;, 

Co '^»ll0^ift'flf I Mxta beinf^ a PInce no iv.-iy*; remarkable for Trade, 
Its Com 'iiodi tics are very few ; the chi<;f Produft of the Khmd being 
only Camminf'ied, Annil'etd, nnd Cottoii-\''oo]I. 

HiiriflfO' 1 Wortliy of Obfervrtion, is Sr. 'Uhns Church, Avlrh i'S 
rich MjJ m ignifkenr N'.(l»"v ; ns alfo the Obler/atory, Treafury ^"d 


fart II. 

Paiaceof t! 
|j,5rh entert 
h\\o (they 
bcr from h 

[■;fj, or Cf 

Slaves) are 
jcis ; ?'nd 
le'emble t 
Iremely Je 

ing hi the 11 
tr.:)Ught in 
iNote, VI n( 
IhV the // 

k?xtd by 
j-ww of II 
iince the 1 
ler, fti 
id Princ 
flUf Li! 
hs the S 

JTionly cai 

3f Row-?, 

|tcciv~d t 

chief T. 
fcnvn g; 

p^j-tll, European Ijlu^as. 245 

Palace of the Gr:nJ Maftei. 1 he InhAblr:!nts pretend rfi.^t Malt.i 
y\\ entertaiiiM no venomous Ciearurc fince the D^ys of St. P.^«/, 
L\\o (they fay) blcficd this Ifland, upon the ibaking off the Vi- 
from his Hand into tai; liie. 

'3ifl)0p-tcit5 ] Here are two Plpjol^ncks, ^vli- tliofc of Malt.i, and 
Mm or Ovitsi l\ccbui. Ar.hbiyj^'^ri'.ks aiid Univirfiiiesi none 

n;3:.nnCvSj Tiia Inhabitants of this lH.inJ ( nor reckonirjT the 
Slaves) are for the mnft pa:t very civij and co iitcous to Scran- 
Ls • and fellow thci ]Mr)de of the '^t / «' in Habit. They alio 
teinble the Sicilians \n Tome of tlicir woifl Qualities, Leing tx- 
Lfyiely Je.4louSj Tieachcrous, a'ld Cruel, 


'ht ot'th:: 

sTame, ot 
j the Ihifn 
ta: Wiiy 
ofi: affirm, 
of a great 

L% tnem.v 
ool I'rci" 

liuf^iUO;?.] A cor; lilt /I'^a^-ick doc'i IiJfc mi^.jhti!y prevail, be- 
Li hitheiro preierv'd by the fieqiient j\j; j)]ics of Ti(n:s taken imd 
tpuiiht in fiom time to rin.e. but the Kniohrs, and I'copic of any 
,ioti^ underhand ard fpok feveral Euf'opc^u Lanjt;ua«^cs ; partici:- 
Llv the ItrJ a7i, which is authorized by th.e Government, and us'd. 
tnTublick Writings. 

I CoHcrnirent.l Tlils lila lul, afrer m?ny Turns of ^^■rrlJne,\x^^,";pre- 
^intt:d by the limperor ChnyJcs V* to r'u- Older of the Knights of St. 


le Globe 

:y of So;/; I 
r'd wirli 
from 6;- 
the fame 

or Tr.iile, 
and being 

Avirh i'S 
afury HPd 


i;rm5- 1 For y^^,,;; tlie Grnncl M;^fler benrerji a White Crofi, (com- 
:m\y call'd the Crofs ctVjeyujalt?^:) wiih Four Points. 

ucUxi-n.] The Rrcablin.\l Rchri n in A/,t/;'^ is that of the Churcli 
}f Kow^-, wjiich is made cUctinal to rl:e Order ; no Peifon of.: 

ilTercnt Perliiallon beinj^ capable to enter therein. Thi.^ Kland 
Itcciv d the Ijleifed Gofpej in i\\<i A[)o(lol:ck Tiines. 

C A N D I A. 

mt.\ -pn 1 S^ in.nd (the f.mnns Cvcri of the Anctents ) !c 
tein/d by the ircv h^ (■,t>ii^ie; hy tiu- {.hrnian<^ i ay.Mi 



ytiio Uallans, .\//»?'//t''./ , aiul l.ig!rh^ c^ia .,j; So eali'd fiom its 
chief Town CarJie, built by the iVfrj.r?;;, w!)o fVum their rew 
[rown ga'e the Ifland a luw N^me. 



9.',fi.> . I 



: > 





European IJlands, 


SifJ The Jir of this IHifid is generally reckonM very Temi 
rate and IlcaJthfuI to breath in ; but the South-Winds are foui 
times ib boilterous, that they much annoy the Inhabitants. Tl 
oppolitc Place of the Globe to Camiia, is that part of the vail P.i( 
fick Ocean, between 231 and 136 Degrees of Longitude, wuh 
and 37 Degrees of South Latitude. 

^O.f.] This Tfland is bled with a very rich and fertil Soil, prod] 
cing in great abu/idance, both Corn, WJrc, Oyl, and moit loitii 
f'xccllent 1 ruirs. The lenofh of the Days and Nights in Cn7t'Jiais[i 
lame as in the Northnioll Parts of Barba'y ; of which afterwards.] 

Cosr.momticff.] The chief G,»wo^//*:/ of this Ifland, are Mufcadc 
Wine, Maimfey, Sugar, Siig;ir- Candy, Hony, Wax, Gum, OlivMrnt-']^ 
Dar;\s, Railins, &c. ■ j 

l^ailU'i'tf ] North of Mount TfiJo^/li (the famous M. Ida) is a A\»diCy 
tnaJk^b'e Grott^ du^ out (^f tlie firm Rock ; which divers of ourMBic Gerwt 
deiH Ir.n elitr.s would fain perfuade themfclves to be foine ]«Tpof [ 
mains of King A incs\ L h)r:nthi To much talk'd of by the Ar^ritnipirmer til 

X^ilrrp;ickiy, 3;c ] l^tfoie the Turhjl^ Conqueft of this inarul, rhe^ 
ivas one Aichbiilio;-, who 9 SiiftVagans ; but {luce they cli^ 
ged their Alalleis, ihc immbcr of fuch Lcclcfiafticks is neither lijj 
nor certaiii. 

!i' ^\ 

n3.*mici*iLi," The Ir.h.iMr.ints Li'this Ifland were formerly given tl 
Piracy, Debnuciicry, and Lying, efpecially the laft ; and fo noted wcri 
tliey for the laint, a noroi lous Lie was commonly term'd M:n..\ 
€iu7>i Crctc7ifc. \or this deteftable Vice were they reproach'd by ohlm 
their own Poets, Epn^i-fiiihs^ ouz of whofc Writings ApoQlccirerl 
th fe Words, Kp^j ;-.••; dA '^l^M'^fcu, Tit, 1. 12. Their Experience inAI( 
ririme Affairs was indeed very great, and they're rcprefenred as a ve 
jy confiderablc I'eoplf among the Ancients for their Skill in Navii 
garion The prefent Iijh.ibitants being lurks and Greeks^ thtir alpsl 
itive Charadcis are aljcady given, l^ag. 18 •, 193. 

imcii:!?!:'.'] ' aupLip;es here in ufe are the Vulgar G^'^^' and Turhp 
cfjx'ciallv llie former ; (he number of Gra/t.r on the llland bcingt. 
greater th.ui that of tlic Turin: b'or a Specimen of which Laiitjuj 
ge^, I'lii pii^. 187 and 194. 

COiicrmiCliM This IH.uid, afrer a bloody and tedious War 
Twenty I'oui Vrais, bwUvccn die Tw':! and Vimtinns^ wj$ atl.dU' 'j 

ilraiii I 


ery Tem| 
is are foi^ 
rants. T| 
he vaft I>,c 
i«ie, wirh 

Soil, prod 
moit ioitii 

CanHia is th 

re Mufcadfi 

art II. 

European Ijlands. 


lain'd to fubmlt to the Ottoman Yoak, ^hn. 1669. under which ic 
I[h ever fincc groan d, and is now govern'd by a Turkijh Sangiack, 
thofe Place of Rcfidence is ufuaJly at Candy ^ the Capital City of 
le whole liliind. 

^m^-l See the DmuUan Provinces, />. 194. 

'l^eligion ] ChriSiianityy according to the Greek Church, Is here pro- 
l^^ by Toleration ; but Mahomet anifm is the Religion edabliflied 
■I Authority. This Ifland received the Light of the BleiTed Gof- 
lin the Apoftolick Age. 

C r F R'O s. 

ium, OlivtB^''^^'^ Trills Ifland ( known anciently by divers Names bclldes 

J, the prefent ; particularly tlofe of yf;^wa«r;i Aathufa^ 
!flia, tryptos, Setaftis, Macmria^ And ^Eroja) is tcrm'd by tUtltAhan^^ 
\indiCyi>ro', by the Spani a' ds Chy^re ; by the Irench, (yp e\ and by 
t Germans and EnglijK Cypr:ts^ lo called (as moft imagine) from 
:Tpof [ i e. Cyprus]^ wherewith this llland did mightily abound ia 
irmer times. 

Ida^ is a rl 
r.s of our M 
be fome Ri 
he Ai.f^'Ln:! 

Ilia fid, rhefj 
e they cImH 
s neither li)i 

erly given tl 
'o noted vvlJ 
f;rm'd Mni.\ 
:h'd by oikm 
rieiicc inMjf 
L-nted as ave 
ikill in Navi 
', tht'ir rclpil 

ek an J Turh]' 
and being t,' 
liich Laiigii.' 


Sif'l There being feveral L:^kes, and fome natural Salt-p'tsinC/- 
(;, from which abundance of noxious Vapors daily arire^thcfc in- 
fmixlng rhcmfelvcs with the Body of the Atmolplurc, render the 
— "ry grofsand unhealthful to breath in, trpecially during the ful- 
;Heat of Summer. The oppofite Place of the (ilohe to this Iflandl 
that part of ihe Pacifick Ocean between z-^s and 2^0 Degrees of 
longitude, with 3 3 and 35 Degrees of South LatitU(le. 

I^oil] Cyprus was formerly blefs'd with fo rich and fruitful a Sotl^ 

[at from its Fertility, and feveral Mines found thennn the Gretks 

Cftc • <I upon this Ifland thedchrable '-»ithct ofi^ct}ia.[ict, i, e. eata. 

'■r lis remarkable for neither of thefc, efpecially the foimcr, 

I <oft Parts extremely bairen, tho' commonly reprefcntcd 

IherWi ( . The length of the Days and Nights in Cyprus is the fame 

in the Northmofl Parts of Barlury (of which afccrwards) they 

Cth lying under the fame Par illel of Latitude. 

IconmioDitie^t ; The cUkf Cvw7>^oJhi,'i of this Ifland are Silk, Cot- 
n, Oil, Honey, Siffion, Rhubarb. Coiruiuiiitida, Scanimuny/- ur- 
|;uiae, black nnd white Allom, &i\ 



ous Wu 





Earopcdf2 If^ands, 

Part. I 

llftmcj? I On the EaQern part of this Hlarul Hands the famous H 
ffiagoujfa, remarkable at prelent for its AloJern Fortifications : 

ererni/d in l\-inic lor the unlortun.itc Valour Oi'the K 

neti.''7is, /. 

J5"i* under the C(>inniand of S;unioi Eya^radir.o, a^ainfb the fui 


fcrt. I 

tdcr wh 
lar 54 

Afiaiilts of Sclyrrjus II. with his nunieroiii, Army, condii6ted by /'isBirrrtff.l 
and Mii!}aPh'f. (^.) Not far from rhe fimous F magcj^ti^ are tl^- ]{™ 
ins of an Ancient Lity ; gentnilJy effctm d to have been that cnll] 
formerly S^lamiua, ajul afterwards Cow 777;??^? ; which was ranJ':iCA- 
Dy the ;tiv;, in the time of the Emperor 'Ir^j.m, and finally dellroy 
hy ihc ■ irrjc^'f, in the Reign of Ucra lins. (3 ) Nigh that Promor.t 
ry, commonly caD'J, The dipeofCits ( but formerly Curias) aiet; 
Kuins of a Monaflery of CrccL Cij/o;'cr;, which gave the Cape its X^nij 
from a remarkable (AiHom to vvhirli thcfe Monks were oblig'J. 1 
Their keeping a certain number cf Cats, ibr rhe hunting and dcfm^ 
ing f,f many Serpents that infeflecl thofe Parts of the Kland; t| 
whicii Fxercife thoie Creatu-es are fliid to h.tve been fo nicely bic 
that att!i2 lirll: found of- the Bell rh;y would give over their Cm 
and imnudiatcly return to the Convent. (4 ) In the Maritime V 
hgc of SaUnc!, is a »-'i'nous Greek C^hurch, wliere Srr;ingers arc 


b of th 
ftter Ma 
jrticies ( 
ley mak( 
fom whe 
ked G 

into a iitrle obfcure J 

which the jModern Crak^ a[]ii m to be t 

i'hice of /-/T^vrr'f/'s fecor. _ p.tcrment. (<f.) Adj.tcent to S.'^/Z^/jj 1^ 
remarka-'le Lake, or natural Sa]t-;:ir, of ,1 confiderable Exrent»\vholi 
Water congeals iiUofolId white S'.lz by the Power of the Suivbe;inij 
?/j.i7.V, In this Ifl.ind is' a high Hill Cthe Ancient Oljjjipus of Cy ','..• 
Called by the F^^?;/'.ci 'Ih' Motuita'.jt f the HIj Crofs ; remarkable tl 
norliing at preicnf, fave fevcral iMonalleries oi'G cck Caloyers^ oft!: 
Order of St. Bj;!!. 

ini;ii)I)!S'!).DV;ttcft?.&c ] liiivc IS one GnA' Archh!p)o\ who comnv- 
ly rchJeth nigh to ls\cc;;i ; and tlircc liilhops, whofe Phices of 1 
lldence are P^pbos, L.vnica, and Ccritus- 

r>-Hii!!Cr3. 1 This lilmd being inliablted by Gech and MahomctM 
efpecially t!\e former, they being far fu[)erior in number to theTW' 
ti!':ir refjiedtive Characters are already given, (j^jg. 186, and 1^3.; (| 
whiclil remit the Reader. 

LinciMiT. 1 J avvi-tgcs here in ufe, are the Turk'P^ and ral(rar G i: 
efpecially t!ve latter ; but Liirj'.a i'>Mx\i is the Tongue they coiiil 
modly with Srrmgc?rs, it being underftood and ufed by 
trading Pe(>ple in the L'v.vtt. 

mr oh 

Scio - 








I. Negri 

have be 

jromby ai 

loted for < 

\h, Ti 

Bled by a 
id Is Adt 

Covcvn.licrt. I This Illmd hull b-rn fiibjca at dlHer nt timestoin, stali 

jgreAC many difU'rviir b'ovcieigns, parties!, rly th.' GHciirt!) ^r'-'-'WOfubjeii 


Part. 11 

itions ; : 

the furioi 
ted by /-j»| 
are tilt: ill 
\\ that cnl!] 
IS ranf/iCA-l 
y dtllroyj 
at Promo;:. 
as) are til 
pe its Nj.-ij 
blig'd. ^i 
ind dcfiKj); [| 
licely b)C( 
:heir dm^ 
uitinic Vil 
^ers arc IJ 
111 to be t.ij 
) Salines i,s 
• of C;;) 
lark.iblc ti 
^'e-rf, of till 

»ces of ks 

nd 193." 

I^rt. 11. European If.Ands. 249 

,»iMJ, once the EngUjh, (when conquerM by /(/r^^r^ T.) and laft^ 
t the Venetians^ from whom 'twas wrefted by the Turks ^ A>irio I*)?'* 
Lr whofc heavy Yoak it now groaneth, and ruled by its parti- 
Elar Bajfa, who ordinarily refideth at Nicofu, 

latflt.0.] See the Vanuiian Provinces, pige 194* 

lEeliStow.] The Inhabitants of this Ifland being Greel^j and Turks, 
laforefdid) the former profels Chriltianity according to the Te- 
itsof the Gretk Church [^which may be feen, pige i88.] and the 
lier Mahometanifin, according to their ^i/:orj>; j for the principal 
[tticles of which vid. pag. i^l. As for the Franks here reliding, 
L make Profeliion of the refpcaive Religions of the Country 
L whence they came. This iQand received the Light of the 
Med Gofpel in the Apoftolick Age. 

per obfervable IJlands in the Mediterranean Sea, (^re 

N'egropom *) 

Tenedo J 
Metelino — 

Scio 7 

Sdelle — S 


<j SamO" 

Lango — 




(Idem, adjacent to the E. of Greece, 
f Idem '"X - 


Idem - 

>^ <^ Idem 

'id^^ar G i 
they con 
Lifed by 

time'; tn 


, %)'''-'^'''' 

Cephalonia, — ' 
iCorfti J 

Idefti, lying between ^'^«i/<i and theMorea^ 
j^^fl ~'^' 7\nthe lonUn Sea, from 

S. to N. W. 

Somewhat of each of thefe, and in their Order. Thercforcr, 1 

I. Negropofit (formerly Eubita. and Chahif) is generally thought 
ohave been annext to the main Continent, and feparated there- 
omby an Earthquake. Its ^oil is very fruitful, and M. 0(/?o is 
oted for excellent Marble, and the famous Stone Amimtos or Af" 
f|?oj. The whole liland is fubjecl at prefent to the Turks, and 
Died by a particular Bxfft^ who has alfo the Command oi AchxU^ 
id is Admiral of the Turki^ Fleet. 

n. Stdimene (the ancient Lemnos, Co famous among the Poets) h 
Ho fubjefci to the Great Turk ; and obfervable onl'/ fcr a kind of Me- 

^ ' dici;i<ii' 

" 'M 

■*: :\ '.i. 

« i«l 


EuropeAn IJlands, 

Part II 1 Part] 

dicinal Earth, called formerly 7tm L(^mr/u, but now Tcnasi^iuji, 
becaufe yearly gatherM, and piu up in li'-'Je Sacks which arcfcal^; 
with the Graiid ^c'lgnin^'^ Sea!, cthcrvvays not vendible to tht.- 

Iir. Tt'fiedo or TzrcJos._ an j'P.a?hi much noted of old, as being dcdi. 
cated to j^polloy and the place where the c^tf/^w^ hid themfclw 
when they fcignM to havehjlt all hop',^s of taking Ty<?/. It's nowi-l 
Poflefhon ol the Turi:s^ and rer.:.rkabie for nothing at prefent, ex. 
cept its excellent Muicadine Wine. 

IV. MttoUhn), [now fcarcely obfcrvable for any thing, fave iJ 
ancient Name oi Lesbos, ~] which was the Birth-place ofSappho, thJ 
Invenrrefs oi' Supphi.k Verfc. 'Twas for fome time under the Vey.A 
i'uns^ but now the lurks ^ to whom it pays yearly the Sum of iSc:( 

VI. S.klk isalfi) in the Hands of -the Twrt, and famous for no] 
thing at prefent, lave only its ancient (now corrupted) Name J 
DcloSi and fome ftatcly Ruins o? Apollo's Temple, fi-ill vifible, wi:!| 
t ho fe f a 1 a r j^e Jkn t r e , a n d a Marble Port uo. 

VII. Si/no. There's fcarce any y//^z»^ in the >4rf^/pe/j^o more fre| 
quently mentioned by the Ancients than this oiSiLmo^ formerly 
mos. It went alio by the Names of P<irf/;t'w/,2, Ambemofa^ A4(:lm'\ 
los^ Dtyuj't^ Cyparijfiiy und feveral others. 'Tis now fubjed tot: 
Turk, and hath reafon to boaft of nothing fo much, as having bed 
the Birthplace of the famous Philofopher P/f/v^oru^. 

VIII. LingOi formerly known by the Name of Co,, Co.r, or Cos, n 
remarkable of old for the Temple oi /Efcnhipiu^ , and being the Bir: 
place of the renowned BippocraUs and Apclks* It belonged toCj 
Knights of /(^gi^'i, but now to the Turks, 

IX. Emmies. TYxkJJJAfid is famous all the World over, forth 
huge B: azen Cohjfia of rhe Sun, formerly here created, and deferve 
ly reckcn'd one ot' the World's Woyidcrs. The Inhabitants were lik 
wile To famous for their Skill in Njvigjtio'iy that fcr Ibme Ages thcl 
Were Sovcrtri^nis of thefe St'Mj and male lb jufl and excellent Laws 
Al'aritirtKf yiffdirSyis were afterwards elteem'd worthy cf being inc 
po rated in chc koman Pandetls. Xhii> JJknd (after the lots {)\'Jin\ 

'art II. 

'i Sigiujii.i 
^e to the 

t's now i: 
■efent, ex.] 


fave its! 
Sappho, the 
: theTd?;: 

a of iSc: 

I the 7w\i 
by the Su!. 
'twas late'rj 

lous for n 
) Name 
ifible, wi:i 


bjetl tot: 
laving bee 

, or Cos, a: 
gthe Bin 
iiiged to t 

X. Cerigo (the Cytheraofthe Ancients) being a confiderable Ifuvd^ 
inhabited by Grt-els, and fubject to the I{^piiblick oi' rtfiicsy'is govcrn'ci 
by a noble Vd^ietian, in Quality of a rrov^ditor^ who is renew 'd every 
two Years. This lUe produceth Ibme excellent ^r/?/t', but in no gr&ac 
Q:iantity. It's alfo ftockt with ftore of good Vcnifo'n, and a compe- 
t.'Rcy oiCorn and Ojl^ fufficientfor its number of Inhabitants. The 
Creeks here refiding, have the greater Veneration for this PIjcc, 
upon the account of a vulgar Opinion now current among them, 
which is, that Sujohn the Divine began here to write his /Jpoialjpfc. 

XI. Ziwt (formerly Zicymh-M) is another Ifland belonging to the 
''crjetians^ and one of the rjcheft In the Strdghts^ abounding with 
iVhii and ^j'/, but mofily noted t^or Currants , of which there is fuch 
plenty that many Ships are yearly freighted with them for divers 
Ports of Europe. And fuch Advantage is that Currant-Trade to the 
Republick of Tcfw/Vc", that the Profits redounding from thence, do 
lerve (according to the Teftimony of a late Traveller) to defray the 
Charges of the Venetian Fleet. In this liland are feveial remarkable 
Fountains, out of which there bubbles up a pitchy Subftance in 
great quantities. In the Monaftery oiSanil:a Maria de k Croce, is the 
Tomb of M. T. Cicero and Teremia his Wife, with two feveral Infcrip- 
tions (one for him, and the other for her) found upon a Stone,whicli, 
feme time ago, was dug out of the Ground, nigli the Place of the 
aforefaid Tomb, The Inhabitants (reckoning both Greeks ^ind Jews) 
amount to about 20 or 2 "5 000, and are govern'd by a noble Ve?ieti- 
dii, fent thither with full Power f/om the Senate. 

XII. Cephilonia {ovoid Me U7:a^Tap!:osj oi- Teleho.i) is like wife un- 
der the State ot Venice, ana chieliy abounds in dry Kailins, (which 
the Venetians turn to good Advantage) andexcelLnc Wine, el'pc- 
ciaily I{cd Ahifadels, which many call oy the Name ot Lukc-Sherry. 
It ha:h its particular Proveditor^ whole Goveinment lalterh 39 
Months. This Ifland w^s beftow'd upon the Kepublick ot Venice^ 
Anno 1224. hy CaiOy then Lord thereof, but mafter'd by the Turks 
in i47c^. and polfel'sM by them »-il! 1499. »vheii driven thence by 
l\^tVoietians^ who re-peopleil it with Chi iftians, and afterwards 
fortifying the lame againlt future Invalions, hdve hitherto cou- 
tinu!;d Milters thereof. 

S % Laftl/, 

' v- 





European IJlands. 

Part II. 

Laft^Iy, Corfu, (formerly Cory'r^) is Mefs'd wUh a very healthful 
A'^, and frutful Soil for Wine dnd Orl, but not for Corn, of which 
the iiUidDi«ants are fupply'd froir» t\\t Covtinem. Jt belongs to the 
. ^ m R „. lick ot /e?; /':(?, and ij, dcTirvedly tcrm'd, 7ks Tort of the Gulf, 
ana jjyrrier of Italy, The Gcvtrnjnent thereof is lodgM in fix no. 
ble Ver.^ti.tns, w'lof. Power lafteth for the fpace of two Years. The 
fir«i vjf t'nefe noble Men hath the Title of Bailj, The fecond, of 
ProvcHtcr and Cuptain. The third and fourth, of Counfdlors, The 
fifti:^ t;f Crsat Ciptain. And the fixth, o^CaJielan^ or Governor 
cf ^- J I \ itle de /^ Campina in thr o!(! Town The Greeks are ve. 
r . •.Ui.'erous in this Ifland, w^ nii-c ii ♦ itar-G^ntral, whom they 
flfiJ'- Vrr^opApa. In the Time ct Solymm II. no lefs than 25000 7}/fh 
did Jdnd in C(;r/i<, unaer the Coirir.nnd of the Famous BArbarofjx\ 
yet fucn was the Conduft of the wife Venetians, that they forced 
him to make a fhameful Retreat. 

To fpeak more particularly of each of thefe Ij^ands, and many 
others, reducible to the two ClaiTes ofCyclades and Sporades, would 
f2r furpafs our defign'd Brevity. Conclude we therefore this te- 
dious Seftion with the following Advertifement. That, whereas 
in treating q{ JfJinds (after we took leave of the Continent of £«- 
rope) lefteem'd it moft methodical, to bring all thofe in the A/e- 
djterranean Sea, under the Title of European IJIands ; yet the Rea- 
der is hereby defir'd to take Notice, that all of 'em are not ufually 
reckcn'd as fuch ; the Ijle of Malu being generally accounted an 
African \ and C>;>r«j with ^/jo^ef among t\it ApAUc}i\ asarealfofe. 
vera] others on the Coaft o£Ntttolia» 

And fo much for £urops and the European I/lnnds, Now folio weth, 


C H A P 

art II. 

of which 
is to the 
the Gulf, 
n fix no- 
irs. The 
xond, of 
'ors. The 
s are ve. 
lom they 


trbaroffj, • 
■Y forced 



nd many 
s, would 
J this te- 

I the Me- 
the Rea- 

•t ufually 
unted an 
e alfo fe. 

*r ^, ■ 



?af. 1ST- 




part ir. 


' mm 


Cdma - 




Pekin or Xuntit)^^. 



t^CutfeJ? In ^]/J 

To thefe add the Afiatick IJlaadf. 

Of all which in Order, Therefore, 




J ■ 

'■ i« 'I ■ 

1. I|l 

S 3 



.if? . . 

I: '■* ' ■ 


11 • ?^ 





Fart IL 


Concerning Enrtann 

d. m. 
|yKt.v.en<j ^^^ ^^^^otLong.^^^^ about 3000 Miles. 
2*^L ^ . ^ 17 007 ^r, .^ C" '^Breadth from N. to S. is 
C. d y-J-CJ-l-J .^^ C about 2250 Miles. 

Tartir}' comprehends five great Parts. 


Ihibet" • ^ From E, to W. 

r ^ \"/^^M>' — 

^; South <.7i(ril/.v/f;t/..' - 

(Z.7gutl:.iy -- 


, 2 North 5 'i"^- 


rf;zr/ij! propria \\-^ ^ Movf^ul, or Tc'w^f«( T 
ruo'theDefartJ s^Cumbalicb 3 

From R. 
to W. 

''VJnayy [the greatellp^rt whereof is reckonVI the ^Vy- 
tbii y^.fLnicz of the Ancients ; and nov, !jounded oa 
the Eaft by p:irt of the Main Ocean ; on the Wcftbv Mufcovi.i '^{)n 
the North by the Jdnxnaji Ocean ^ and on the South by Cbi?i,i and 
h'di.z'y'] is term\i by the /ta//ir;;i ^nd S p. 17; i.udi, Idrtiri.i^ by the 
Trench LiTurt^n'w '^ by the Germans , 'Tart:uJr{efi\ and by the E/;^j//j?\ 
l\:rnryi, fo call'd from 7izrr.rr or T.ifar, a kiver of tiut Counnv, 
which is (aid to empty it R-If into the vaft Northern Ocean. Bul 
others chufe rather to derive the Name horn T^tdr or Jctar, which 
in the Syriad- Language fignifyi.ig a R^mumt, inKK^inini^ that the 
Tjrr;zr i-are the remainders of thofe Jfrxclites^ who were car ' \l by 
.'^.;/;;?,i7;.r|'/?>- into Mc\i/u. It's term'd furhirytheCreuty to diftin^uilli 
it from' the Lt-JJcr in. Europe* 

il I' V The j4ir of this Country is very different, by rcafon of W, 
vaft F\'tont fronU('.'<?/' to I\o>tb :,'t.he .Southmoll Parts thereothavinj, 
the lame [/atmi-le \vi:h the midd'c I'rovinces of .S/u/;;, and tliu* 
Northmoii- reaching beyond tiie Ar^tick Polar (Circle. VNha: its 
real pAtent irom A'jff- to f/V// may be, is n^^t certainly known ns 
yet; onlv tliis we "iJI afRrm in general, thit 'cis much lefs tlun 
conimonlv (..jppofed, jf the Account j,^iven us by a late jndicicnis 



nte P 
an, as 


and tf 
(the , 
the fh 

lit II 

3 W, is 

to S. !S 

. to W. 

rom H, 
to W. 

th^ Sep 

ulcd on 
vii 'yon. 
i?!.i and 
by the 
11. But 
, which 
hat th: 
'■\l by 

n of it,' 

ind tl)L' 
k'lia: i!5 

Part XL Tartarj, 255 

Millenary /'who fravflied jrom Mofidy to Lhmx, and markM the 
fevtra I Stages > Ih II • t h-uiuI dkti\^artU to hold true. The oppc- 
lite Place o! the G.ob- to Un iry^ is part of the vail l-scifick Oce- 
an, as alto the- Cv.untiits ot c./;///, Vurjgtuj/y and T(^rrj, AhgcUarJcu. 

'^oil-j This v^ft Country towar'-, ihc North (it lying in the 6th^ 
?th, Srh, yth, lorh, nth, 12th, ot. x\'orth'Ciinuit;) is exrrc air.Iy 
Barren, being every where encunibeiM with unwholefbin ^:arl"hes•, 
and nninhc-^'iited Mountains; but in the Scuthen'-pirts, the Soil \5 
indiiTerei-tly good for Tillage and Grazing, erpociaily ti.e f.atter ; 
and towards rhc Ejji 'tis reported ro be ai^undantly fertil in Corp, 
(where duly nianur'd} and feveral foi tsof Herbs, efpetlally Fj.:t 
hxrh. The iongell Day in the Konhmojt Parts is about two Month.?, 
(the ^/o; not Setting \r,v that time when near ihc Sumr>t:rSoUhtc) 
rhe fhorteft in the Souchinojf, is ahcut nine Hours and three quar- 
tersj and (.he Nights proportionably. 

Comutotitic?.^ Tlie chief Ccwwo^f/r/Vf of this Country, are Sabl^, 
Martins, Sdks, Camlets, flax. Musk, Cinnamon, and vaft quanti- 
ties of Rhubarb, ^V. 

I^aritiU.] in lieu of tlv;^ r^irhks of this barbarcu.^ and little frf- 
quented Country, wc may mention that prodigious Wall aividing 
firtary from chinXf created by the Chi^ejcs, to hinder the frtquenc 
Incunions of their unwelcome Neighbours, the f'artjr^ • 'twas com- 
monly reckoned ^00 G::yriLt?i Leag'ies in length, 3 ; Cubits high in 
molt Places, and 12 in breadth. The time of its building is com- 
puted to be about 200 Years before the incunation of our jileiTed 
Saviour. By our lateft Ivelations of the State and Nature of this 
Country, we find that fome remarkable Vulciuo's are ro belecn m 
the North and Ealk^rn Parts thereof. 

9.tCl)lJt0ljOp;Ul??, &c.] Jrchbijhprids , hijhopncks , VrJvirp^tics , in 
tliis Country \ noue. 

n^amiccS ) The tin^trs are a People of a fwarthy Complexion, 
itrongBodies, and middle Stature. T'he generality of 'em are Per- 
Ions of broad Faces, hollow Hyes, thin Beards, thick i^ips, flat 
Noes, and ugly Countenances. In Behaviour they're very Rude 
and Barbarous \ commonly devouring tlie t!elh of their Enemies, 
.md drinking their Blood, To loon as they are in rhrir Power. Their 
ordmaTV Food is Horfe-llefh, which they greedily tear and eat up 
like lu many Ravenous Vultures. Their manner of living is com- 
monly in Tents in the open Fields, which they remove from 
Place to Place, according to the time of the Y ear, and conveniency 

S 't of 


i' ; V 


ij ■* i 

• .1' 

.(■ ' 


( 1 



I I,' 

256 Tarfary. Part II. 

of Grazing. Many of 'em make excellent Soldiers, being not only 
■willing and able to endure great Fatigues, but alfo very dexterous 
and daring in time of Engagement. When tiiey feeni m^ny times 
to fly before their Enemies, they'fl unexpeftedly fend back a (\rcdi\- 
ful Shower of Arrrtws in the Facesof their Purfuers, and frtijucnt- 
ly turning abv)uc do give Vm a violent Charge, and all witliout the 
lealt Ditbrden Vv he f, tl^i^ir great C^jw dies, 'tis reported, That 
many of his chief Oificers are immediately killed^ andintetM with 
hini; that (hev may alfo attend him (asrhcy imagine) in the other 
World, according to their refpe^tivePofts here. 

IC An5,n.;Ciff» ! The L.mudjre ufcd by the Jfutuk Tartars y i-. not much 
ditferent from the /i/'ure/^.'it?, fuoken by thofj of Crim T.ntary^ (a 
Specimen of which is already given m Europe) ard both have a 
great Ailinity with the Tmkijh, 

eo^fmmm-.] The vaft Body of lartary is faid to be fuljjefi toie- 
vera! Princes, who are wholly accountable (in their Governmenf) 
TO one Sovereign, who is commonly terioM the Grsiit, whole 
Government is moft Tyrannical, and Crown Hereditary. The 
Lives and Gocvl:^ of his People are altogether in his Power. Hi^ 
Sabjf£l3 ftile him the Sint ^nd Shjdew of the immortal God, aid 
renrlcr him a kind of Adoration ; never fpeaking untoliim Facero 
Fice, but failing down on their K.nees with their Faces toward; 
the Ground. lie looks upon liimfelf as the Monarch of the who'.: 
World ; and from that vain Opinion, isreported to caufe hisTium. 
pets to found every Day after Dinner j pretending thereljy to givj 
leave toallotJier Rings and Princes of the Earth to Dine. Fortlir 
better Nianagt-ment of publick Atfair-;, he's faid to appoint f.^;/ 
Councils, each coniitting of 12 Perfons 'th?? wifeftand beft exp:- 
ritnccd of any thit he can ritch upon) of which one dorhconitant- 
ly attend the Affairs of State, and the ofher thoje which relate to 
tiie War. Vet af'er all, there be many Things related ofrl'is migh. 
ty Chiinj which (rho' hitherto current) are lookt upon by fome judi- 
cious Per'.uns as Narratives that have a near Aiiinicy un'.o the /•:• 
zoidi juin\i of the l\<rtn.i?i Church. 


Jaims. 1 Th; molt r.^celved Opinion about the ylrnis of the 


Part II 

And tow 
^iVDSy the 
■ way (..'a I 
\t:r<il Par 
the City 

M St. 

I C/Vzmis, that (as Emperor of /'.^i/fr/ry) he bears, ^r, an Owl Kibl.. 
j Uut what as King of .-l;,v.i, fee the following Section. 

KfUS'on ] T;ic Iniiahirants ot this Country are partly Pj(;.w, pan 

i Jv iWAh'VniUVK and partly Lhnjl'Lw, Pagmijm doth chietly prevail in 

|, Chi .NorthmojT Parts t he Vcoplt bring gcoerally grofs Ihiitcrs in thole 

(»J,Ue?. \i\ th'j SouthfH Provincc'i they're (tor the mnft part) 

! follow':^ 


y times 
I dread- 

out the 
I, That 
M with 
le other 

Dt much 

■tuyy, (a 

have a 

:^ to le- 
', whole 
/. Th 
L-r. Hi, 
iod, ai.d 
Face to 
le who'.;: 
to give 
For tlir 
int t'.^.) 
ft ex;\'- 
o nit ant- 
elate to 

>me judi- 
the /f. 

Part II. Tartayy. 257 

followers o{ M>.homct\ Doftiine, efpecicilly fince the Year 1 2,(5. 
And towards the La)]i^>7i Sca arc found a confiderable number of 
livosj thought by fomc to be the Ofl'tpiiog of the Teu Tribes, led 
.uvay Captive by Sa!vi,vt,jffcr, Thofe oFthe Cliriftian Religion ( o- 
vcfgrown of late by Is^^lonamfyn) are fc.itter'd up and down in fc- 
\eiMl Parts of this v<ilt (Country, bur moll numerous in Cathjy^ 'and 
the City o^Cai^.halu The (^liiilliui I'aith WoS firft planted in this 
Country (as is generally believ'd ) by the LaboufJ of St. yindnw 
.0(1 Sc rbiUp^ two of the Ai'oftki, 

<tf ~Mi iir i^a »a> ■ 

— »i- 




•i t:, ^ 

.1 h.. 

he G'cM' 
|\'l SxhU. 

S ^ C i*. 

?;;, pan 
revail in 
in tliotV 
i^rt part) 


Hi? '. . 

1 -! 


Part 11 

SEC T. li. 
Concerning CFjUUl. 

Part il 

■; ?.nd 
•.3'' in in • 



t: V 

Lcnf-r/] from N. E. ro S. U 
]N;;bout .80 Miles. 

yre.idf/i from N. .^ <^ 
iibcut j:„o Alii- 


■ s. 

'6 North J ^^''^'« " 

C/J/M.^ contains Sixteen Provinces. 


H' au- 


I ( ' 



t7i.l- k.ifl(r -.. 


V /r//7/i — 

'oki n^ — 




fdcm afirc;r;'tt?;f,;7; 
I'ayvan — — 


E. to Uj 

,10 South ^ y^iiy^tuhg" 

M. allr K:iiy}p7i/jn I "] 

r * 

N fJL/J.JJl'r '^ 

: cch.'U ■ 








("^i/ >;.? C reckojiM by mo(^ Cecgr^ph-rs the Tountry ofr: 
^ niicii-nt ^<!>;rt', nu'iirioned by Ptohwy; :uid now boumlcl 

iH2 tht^ Eall by the Cb vcj!.in, on tlie W.ft by ji.ut of /« .:, 
rfie North by piirrofrwr /i;-;, iuid 0:1 the Soiith by {);ut ot the Orla: 
Ocejii ) istcinrd by the Frrch, la Chne-, and by tlie Itidi m, 5;;; 
.ir,i!, Crynans M\d KtipJ/jh, Chiva ; fo called (.icco. ili ng to the befl: m." 
jedlure; from one of irs iincitnt Monarclis, nnnicd tnia, who is l' 
fo have livd .Tboiit hfry Vcjr'. before the Nativity ofour 131ellLd>.ri 
tmr. Many orfier Njin^^s it ihath had fmce that time; for wlieiir'ii 
Government falls fom one family to anoi ler, the iiili PrinceofrWicter, am. 
N.ime is fiid to jjive a new Nime to the wliole Counti y ; the bue!l.«"J Di;ime 
•• !iic!) Modern Niine*;. .'ire Tawifi, I'^jnifymg the Kingdom of h-:W^^^^ of 

v: .•icd the c 


by 'ow?: 
i th.ic h 
opS .1 ! e ( 
:hc Sou I 

koil.] T 
ifi^r the n 
l'I)iM/it,s ii 
lljrvcfls ir: 
b Lakes a I 
aliens kif 
inaiy /]r 
M^virli all 
efrteiifd ^ 
\.o(^is aboi 




tL^ul,;]nd V 

rhc Tj//o) 
niL'is liav 
to Colou 
m, m.,ke;i 
allow it 1 
one o'[ \ 
ro k, pre 
g Rell, wl 

'"■f I-lart n. C^'"--^' 259 

and ChuhKjUC, i e. The KiDguoni of the Middle ; x\v '^h nefes 
v'inin", ihat tlic Earth is IqiMic, and that tlicir Couni. is ll- 
^ctd cx.ictly in the middle of it. 

■ -S.i' 

mrj Tlie y'/ ^ of this CcLrtiy is gen: rally vtry TcmpernteXave 

|"ly row uds the North, \\h:ic 'tis ioiDLtinus iiitoler<ibIy Cold, 

,j th.u bec.uilc of fevtral j\louiuain.s of a prodigious Iiciglit, whofe 

opSaie ordin.nily covt-.M with Snow. TJii oppollrc Place toChiva 

fo S. U'K.jie South part of Bxafl^ toi^cthcr with tiie taii of Paragiiiy. 

VD S. 




_ \ 

nrry ofr 

w bouiiil^l 

f In ■■ .i, A 

he 0»/t«:« 

who I"" I 
Idled ^^l 
r when r'! 
he Luell- 
1 of ' '-■ 

^oil.] Tills Country (it lying in the 4th, >th,6Lh North Climate) 
for the mod: o-'iC of a very rich and fertil Soil^ infomuch that its In- 
jirants in iV, f:;ral Places are faid to have two, and fometimes three 
i iveds in a Y' It abounds with (.orn Wine.and all kind of Fruits. 
vL'das and Rivers aic very well furvnilit Vvith liOijand ronicalforcl 
iciis kinds of Pea» Is and Bezoar of g^cat value. Irs Mountains are 
chlylin'd wi hfeveral Mines of G(dd and SiiVv^r. Its Piajnsare extra- 
Jinaiy fitfoi PaOurage.and its pie.d'int PoreiTs are every where {lo- 
dwith all Ibrts of Venilun, In a word tiie whole ('ountry in general. 
edceniM one of the beft; in die World. Tiie iongeft D. y in the North 
I'd paits is about i4lIoursand 3 tjuarters, ti^e Ihoi rclHn the ^outli- 
oft is about loHjursand ^ quarters, and the Nightj proportionable 

Comm:tittC5 ] Tlie CmmnoditUs of this Country are Gold, Silver^ 
rcious Stones, Quickfilver, Porcclane Difl.cs, Silks, Cottons, 
iiubarb, Sugar, Camphire, Mujk, Ginger, Chw^-wood, &c. 

KaritiCiJ.] Peculiar to Country is a fiiort Tree, with a jound 
k,iil,;ind Very thick, which in rtip( £r of its Fruit ni.<v bear tlieNaine 
the TallQw-'Dcc , for at a certain Seafbn of the Year 'tis full of Fruit 
nt.iining divers Kernels about the bignefs of a final! Nut, whicii 
..rneis have all the Qualities of Tallow, being the very Hime, both 
to Colour, Smell and Contiiiency, ;<nd by mixing a little Oil with 
m, m.«ke as good burning Candles, as Euro^cayis ulually make of pure 
;.llow it felf (2.) Here is a 1 trge Alounuun full of terrible Cavern'' 
one o'f which is a Lakeoffucha nr.tuic, that if a Stone be thrown 
:toit, prcfep.tly there's iicard a hideous Noife ns of a frightful Clap 
Thunder, and fometimes there rifes a grol's Mill, which immedi- 
ciy dilfolves into Water, (vj In the City ni Pain'g is a prodigiou': 
g Bell, weighing iicooo Pound, furpafiing the noted Jieil of Er- 
li'm Upper t^axo'')\ by 94000 Pound ; in Dimenlion its 1 1 Foot Di- 
meter, and 12 high. f4.) In N'}ik.ivg is another of 1 i Foot high. and 
in Diameter, and fweighing 50000 Pound, which alio furpafletli 
e Bell of ^-V/MrA weighing only 2<i;4co Pound, yet hitherto fup- 
fed the gveatefl; in the World) by aiinvll double its wtighr. (f ) In 

' 1" ■ 






fill !• 

260 ChirLi. Part. I 

C/;;w<^ arc fevcral l^'ul J.n'5 (particiilirly th^t Mountain calTd Z:»| 
fjing) which vofT)irs our liif and Afhes ib furioufly, as fitqusntl 
to raifc i'ft'nt' l]i(Jct)iis 'JV-mtjcHs in the Air. {C ) Here are fome R 
vers whole VV^trcf, wit cc! ! . r the top, bur ^^'arnl beneath ; as alfof 
veral remarkable i'ounUiins vvliich lend forth fo hot a Steam, th 
People ui'uaily boil over them, f; ) In this (Country are f<;v 
ral Lakes, remarkable for thanginij; Copper into Iron, or mr;king 
juft of the I. me rtremblancc ,: as aUb for caiillng Storms when aj 
thing is thrown into thtni. (8 ) In the Illnnd Hutjan there is faid , 
be Water (unceic.tin whether in Ldce, River or rountain) of fuc 
a irrange Qiialiry, that it petrifu-s ibme fort of l-illie<j, when the 
unfortunately chance to enter into ir. (9 } ^t.>ny are thole TnuvX- 
J>\hcs (,ro be icen in rnoH-of rhe noted ('irics of this Empire^ ctlcI 
ed in Honour of fnch Pcrfons as have either done fomefi^^rKtl pice; 
of Service to the Srate, or have bci'n confpicuous in their tijiies fo 
their lingular Knowledge. (lO,'' In this Country are fevcral reinar 
kablt^ /jr/.iVt.f, pirricularly that over a ]{\>ftr calfd Saff'any^ vvhic! 
reaches from one- Mounr.un to another, being fcur hundred Cubir 
loii'T, and five huiidrt<l high, and all bur one Arch, whence ti 
called by Travellers, Ti)'/.! njolavs- Here lik^wlfe is another of fi, 
Jiuadi'ed and fixty Pcicltes in ifUgth, nndoneand half broad, ftanJ 
jni; upon three hundred Tijlars without uny Arches. L^^^lyA 
i:hi-''ti are many very oblVrvable Pl.^tnts, .Animals an<l J'ojJ'ls^ efpeciallj 
the laO, among which is the /JiU'flof. I>at for a particular AccQun 
tf tiieui, 'L^^f Kir:hcyn}\ China ilhijlrata. 

Qrdjl)iSlj01)ri'^i>' ?v':.~l /tnh^} jhpr'cks, !-:Jly)pr-uh,ar Trniverfitics, are 
liar^^^y to be expciied here; however this Country (according tothe 
Teftlmony of i^oi.'ifii Mi^li'uiiries) isfcirniflit with fome of thefe, Pc- 
lin lUnfwn and M^cr.o, hwing each of 'em a particular Bi(hop,nomi' by the K of VnytuiriJ, .md the orhcr Provinces are under theju- 
rifdic^ioii of three Apoiinlicil \'icTis Uider which EccJefiaftical 
Superiors, thsrc are (by their relations) above two hundred Churches 
cr private Chapeii dedicated to t!ie Tiae God. 

fart II. 


[j;s '^^^^ 
lorld noH 

iyof 'Uicrj 

lors to otl 



iiik bet' 

Jquir'd b] 
ure, Proi 
|io Alphal 
Letters w 
j^lit^u of 
{own the 
leded to 
ligioifs m 
Jlriginal U 
lice, yet: 
Ime Terrr 
ling to th 
Imts ther< 
longue t( 
lerfon cai 
|.iKWt?r of I 
ff right I 
K Page ( 


f^ttmurs^ : The Chhw: \ P.-; Ibns f )r the m-ofl p.irt of a fair Corn- 1 
^)lexion, Ihort Nos\i, blfck'd I'yM, and of very thin Beards ) are 
jijreat Lovers of Sciences, aiid geperal'y rllecm'd a very ingenious! 
iViit of i'eop.'e. Th.ey're laid ro hwe ha«i th- li'" of Printing, Gun- 
powder, aad the Mariners, Cotiipals Ion-' I ^^rt. any of them was 
known in Unrobe: but fnr v/ant of due Impiovement, thtfe uft^ful 
/nvenrinns have not turn'd to near fo good an Account among them, 
)l as in Europe. Diveis of 'em are intleed con(ide»ahIe Proficients in fe- 

1 veral Parts of tU^ Mathem iticks efpecially Anthnnuk, Geometry, and 

"i| jfh'ouow)' ; and fo conceiced are they of th.?ir own K^owlege in thefe 

si ^hii-i^'S .md fo nicin a.rc iLoir Thoti[j(its of ottitrs, that 'tis gener;il'V 



(nee to 
[the Or 
R feen 

Part II. 





'art. I 

fome rI 
as alfoll 
:e«m, thi 
{ arc frv 
when aji 
' is laid tl 
) of fuel 
vlitn the' 
; Triuv:n}A 
ire; cri.ct 
;nal pi^ce 
tijnes fol 
ral re marl 
I'^jy, vvhic!J 
'tii Cubi'l 
'lK"n:e 'ci 
ther of fi> 
oad. ftanJ. 

r Accoum 

'rfitics, aie! 
pin a to the 

Jer the Ju- 


Lpoitc-il of them, tliat (fpeaking of ihemfelve.*;) tlicy commonly 
|jv That they h^vc tvpo t.jes^ the European cfie^ and the refl- of the 
lorlil none at all. '1 hey wlio wholly apply themfclves to the Stu- 
|y of 'Sciences, make fuch Proficiency in 'em, as to become Uo- 
cors to ochcis, are dilVinguifii'd by their long Nails, fufFering *cin 
Lnctimes to grow as long as their Fingers, that being e{leem*d a 
TitTular Chara^leriftick of a profound ischolar, and a differencing 
lark between them and Mechanicks. 

tansuSi!^-^ The Littjguage of the Qhmois is extremely difficult to be 
Luir'd by i>trangers, and differs from u]I others, both as 'to its Na- 
ure, Pronunciation, and way of Writing, (i.) Its KatHr4. They ufe 
10 Alphabet, as Europeans do, and arc iiAonifticd fo hear that by 24 
Letters we can exprejs our Thoughts, and fill Libraries with Kooks» 
lnli<;u of an Alphabet, they forriierly ulcd Hieroglyphicks, letting 
town the Images of things for the things themfGivcs ; but this being 
trremely tedious, -nd like wile defcitive (there being i]o iuch Re- 
Imblances of pure Ablhaitsj they then made Characters tofigninf." 
iVords, numbring ti>cm according to tiie number of Words they 
leeded to exprtfs their Ideas ; which Chai alters arife to fuch a pro- 
ligious multitude, th^.t not only Strangers, bur even the Natives 
femfclve*, find it a very dilHcuIt m.Ttter to ;4cquiie <*n intimate Ac- 
Laintance with them afl. ('.) Its I'rOmiriCiation. Although AX the 
[Iriginal Terms of this Tongue are only three h'lndied and thirty 
iiiec, yet fuch is their peculiar way of pronouncing rht-m, that the 
ImeTerm admits of various and ev'n contrttry S'igniiic.nions,accor- 
Ing to the various Accerwt in pronouiKinj^ it. And of th-^fe Ac- 
cnts there are Mve applicable to nvery Term, wkicli extremely 
Ignients the ditliculry of either fptakin.g or underflanding this 
longue to perfection; liefides, the Prcnunci-^rion thereof is ac- 
[ompanied with fuch variety of Metier^"* of r';e Hc^nd, tha^t a mute 
lerfon can fpe^k almofl intelligibly' by his I'-i.ngers. And as to the 
\nnirofWrni>g, they ililFer from all other N.ttions ; for whereas 
Ihriftians write from ih^ left Hand to iVx riglir, and the 'jcvo; fioni 
bright to the left, they ufually make their Lines from the top ci 
IvPage down to tlic bottom. 

Ifair Com* 
ards] are 

ig, Gun- 

Ithem was 

Itfe uffiful 

Mig them, 
tnts in k- 

if try, and 
in thefe 
1 reported 

CODenuntnt.] This great Kingdotn was formerly under its own 
Krticulaj- King or Knipcror, but of bte o\/ej-run and conquered by 
h lartars, to tv'liom itj at (jrefent fub/efl, ^icknnwkilt.'irig due fii]W- 
Vice to the Gifat Chuiiy whole Cinvcrnrncnt is as Dt^fpoticd .tsanv 
Ifthc Oriental Monarclis ; for he hath lull powrr over the Lives nf 
I^Subjefts, the Princes of the Hlood not exccpred. His hire Word is 
TLaw, and his (jlwuminds admit of Jio di.)iy nornegl^-^V llcislU- 
pfccn, and never fookc with, bur upoji the Kn:^$ (.'j^on h'\K 









..i : 









Death-bed he may dioofc his Succ(dior out of w Iiat l^'.miiiy h 

^' P't' 

or the better managir.g tlie great Aiiaiis ot tliis niii fuy \i 

iPart I] 

|;:gns Ar 
hour, t, 

ho [IS. 



pire, he's aililted by two .Scnercigii CouDcils ; Oiie t'xtrairdinay) 
cornpos'd of i'rinces oftlic Blood only; ;.nii the orlicr O-i/.-r; J 
which bcfides the Piinces, doth eonfift of Icvcral Miiihlers oFSt;it] 
calfd Colaos. But over ynd iibove tiKlctwo Councils, there -rt 
Pekin fix Sovereign (]oiirrs_, wliofe Authority extend over all theGj] 
pire, and to each of them bciong diiierent Mutters ; ^iz. (/J 
that Court cali'd Lupoit, whicii pi elides over all the Mandarins, r,r 
confers upon, or tikes fiom them their Offices. (2.) Honou, whi,; 
jooks after tlie i'ubhck Treafury, and takes caie of raifing tne T 
(^j» lipoUj wliich ini'petts jnto Ancient CuUoms ; and to it is cor 
mitred tlie Care of Religion, Sciences, and i'oreign Affairs. 
finj'ou, which hath charge of tile ."ioKljery, and other OlTictMs ( 
tUnjpQUj which inquires and pdies Sentence in all Criminal Alatrn 
Ladiy, CofKpott, vviiicli looks .ifcer ;11 PubJick Buildings, as the E; 
peror's i*a!ace-., ami fuch like. In of thefe Courts t.he F-m; 
ror h:-ith one who may be tern^'d a ■ mate Ccufor; it being his BuBcf M.-n 
finefs to oblerve all that palieth, and to acquaint him fiithfu 
therewit.h, wliich makes all Perfons very caution.', in their A^ti 


■.'t CWO ( 


other is ( 
of their ( 
Vears be] 
look upo 
to teach 


Over each Province is ;5ppointcd a Vice Koy, and under him a grq 
many Publick Oliicei s. Vo Ihun OpprelTion of the Subject by thtlj 
^'arious Minillers, the Emperor before the Tartarian Conqueft, had! 
certain number of fecret J>>pies in every Province, to have a watct 
fal Eye upon rlie Actions of every Publick Otficer, and upon anj 
vifible Aft of I.ijurlice in difclr.u ge of his Office, they were to pro 
duce their CommifFion, and by virtue thereof did feize fuch anO:; 
cer, tho'of the higlicil Station ; but this is laid nfide, thofe Perfo 
having mightily abus'd their Power, Vet in lieu thereof) they (}i| 
retain one CuAoni, vvliich is certainly very lingular, njiz,. That 
ry Vice-Koy and i'ublick Otllccr is bound to take a Note of his 
jMifcarriages in the Alanagcment of Publick Affairs from tiir.ei 
time, and humbly acknov.'iedging the fime, is bound to fend tli: 
in Writing to (]ourt. Which Task is undoubtedly very irkfomcl 
one llandj if da^y rerfnrm'd ; but yet more dangerous on the othti 
if wholly neglciiied. Very rem.irkuble arc Three jMiixims of Sr'tj 
carefully oblerved by the Chincfiaii Emperors, 'viz* ifl. Never to 
any MajidarhiA I'ublick Oilice in his Nativ/e Province, left beingof 
mean Defcent, it miglit contribute to Difparagement; or I ;:! 
Well defcended and beloved, he Ihould thereby grow too powcrfii] 
I'X. To rettin at ('ourt the Children of the Mandarins imployeJ 
Publick 0!lic.:s, and t!iat under pretence of giving tliem good LJ 
cationjbut its, in tlF* d', as Homages, lell their Fathers fhould c'nr 
to forget tiieir Duty to tlie Emperor. La'Hy, Never to fell any I'l; 
Jick riffice, but to confer the (.ww^:^ according to Perfons Merit? 

I pretend J 
Im ny Tt 
la Man, V 
):ing up; 
hvI;o u ; o 

Ills room 
pus in all 
tliem, vi 
kad t'lul 
ill this (1 
pre lent 
kit a!l ti 
of the VJ 

•V an an 



fdit 11. 





y lie; 
ithry In, 

r OrdirLv 
rs of St..; 
here ' r: 
'z. (i.j 
iarins, r>n 
, OUy whi,; 

flnns. j The Great C/;jw, as King cf China, is fai J to benr for En- 
I Mib Arn-iorial, Jrgcnt, Three Blcick-moors Heads, place! in the 
llrcnr, their liuft \elied ui:hs ; but (according to cchcrs; two Dra- 


rel'iliion.j The prevailing Religion in Chna, is Poganiini, or grof*;; 

l^oLtry ; and in 1'omt Pairs the Doctrine of A'.'? /.'owi't is entertained.. 

if rhe Icveral Id^ls to wiiom the Chtncjcs pay their Devotions, there. 

l^re two of chief Ncte, i/.r. One in Form of a Drnc^on, whom th.e- 

- , —Emperor with his Mandarins do religioully worlhip, proftraving 

tne Trixc«thcml"elves frequently before it, and burning Inc^nfc unto it. The 
oitis ccfTiBcthtr is call'd lo, or ice, fet uj) C'^'- i^ conjedtur'd) jn favour of one 
airs. ''4Bcf their own Natioi^ who is thougli': to iiave llourilh d about loco 
lliicers (;HVears before our lil'.lied S iviour, and for his wonderful Parts and 
al Matrer«Ai:lions was eftcenit;d worrh.y of being Deify'd at his Drath. They 
as the EJlook upon him as the Saviour of the World, and tliat he was fcnt 
t!ie f.m;Mto teach the way of Salvation, and make an Atoncnnnt for the Sin',, 
ng his BuBcf M-H. They miglitily piize feme Moral Precepts v.-hich they 
1 faithfuilBpretend he \*:\\^ and wlilch tfie Bo7iics (or Pritils) do frequencly 
eir AttionBinculcate iipon the Tvlitids of the People, To this God are cre6lcd 
himagreaBmny Ttmple.<c, and h.e is worfljipqed not only unvler the Shape of 
\cQ. by thclBiMan, luit in the Perfon of .1 real ]\!an, who, rliey fay, r.everdies^ 
iqueft, hadBli;ing upheld in that vain Opir.lon by the Lawa, ; or Titrtarian PrieiT-.s; 
vc a w.ttcHwho u; on the Death (f that Immortal Maii, take due care ( as the: 
d upon anB£T)pr/(T« Prices did tht:ir A^ii) to put one of their (uvn number irp. 
were to projliis room, and that of the fame Fearures and Proportion, or as near 
'uch an Or. 
ofe Peifon! 
)fj they ft 
:,. Thatev 
Cc of hi sow 
Tcm timet! 
ro fend th. 
ry irkfomc 
on the othc 
ims of Si't 
slever tog 
eft being 





;nt; or b;:ir.| 
00 powcrfJ 
m good L^'j 
hould chii 
fell any Tiiij 
m% Mt'iit^ 

Words, I'tr D Thcvmm Rcg'-iu^'^ C<vh'um vo'avit & t^fo-ndit ad ^inus' 


■'.n '1j 

m .;)! 

rl »■; 



'r } 


Part II jFart 

M 'M' 

Concerning %l\X}iH, 

between < 
between -4 

d. m. 

92 CO' 

31 c6, 


f Loil: 

40 00^ 

1-^ r Length from N. VV, to S 

g ) E. is about 1680 Miles 

iBieadth froni N. to S. 
about 1690 MileS' 

India Qt;/^. all between C^jw.: and FerJIa^ comprehends. 

The Great Mogul's Em- CDe/^i — '] 


little Kingdoms, hut jCambaia 

chiefly thofe of (j^en^aU 

ridemZ in the maijj 
Idem) Land- 
Idem ion the Sea- 
Idem I Coaft. 

Tetiinfulci Jnd a e^tra 
Ga7igemy containing- 
the kingdoms of 

Tt^ninfiih Ind'a cxtr.i 
GMfigem^ containing 
the Kingdoms of 

Dec:n ■— 

^Gohoni - 
I Bifnagar- 

Pegu • 
Tunquin — — 

^Cochinchin — 




Si aw 

Idem in the middle 
Cdicute Southward.] 

Idem ? ' 
Idem 5 L 

Idem"^ vfromN.rol 
Idem \f S. 
Idem 3 ' 

""T^H IS vafl: Complex Body, confider'd here under the Title otj 
X Indiif^ [_v\. all between Perfin AtxA China romi^rehends (A 
yforefaid ) many diftin£t and confiderable Kingdom:, ; but all redu-l 
cibleto the Three great Divilions abovemention'd, t6 wir, thcAVl 
gul\ Empire^ and the two Fcnmfuhs of India^ one within, and rlie| 
other without t\\t GMtge;. Of all which ieparatciy and in their Or- 
der. Therefore, 

^ I, 



Partlljpart IL 



§ I. The MoguV s Em fir f. 

P:mc.] T^His Country [Bounded on the E:.ll by Chir.t:, on the 
X Weft by Perfij, • on the Nui th by p.ut vt Ijjtdn \ and 
nthe Souih by tlie Gulf of Jkr^il] is a grtac jmiC ul" zr^c V«' 
r,d Anci-nt /wJu, rrmarkablc in tlie Hiftory of Akx^r^r ths 

iTrt-jt, and :eim'il /wi/i from the Hiv.-r /v./y^, but now r!- ofil'^ 

Imirey asb-ing lubjd unto thar ini^hiy Eiltcra M..i:c;rc.i, c\ni- 

Eonly knoun by the Name of the GVtfif ^l o^w/. 

Sir ] In the Northern par's cf thi Empire/ he Air i? r^.If' ♦o \ye 
|ev*remcly cv)kl and piercing about the time of the Sun\ gr' atelt 
IViiithern D-clmation ; but in ihc Souihern Provinces true!; mc)-*; 
Iteniperate, The oppolite Place of the Globe to the AcgulsEm- 
[-;;:■, is that part of the vaft P^cijick Ocean b Jtween 270 and 3 ,:; De- 
crees of Longitude, with 25 and 39 Degrees of iouth Latitude. 

foil.J The Soil or this vaft Country (it lying in the 3(1 end 4th 
sorth Climatt) is extraordinary barren in feveral Parts, being 
tacumber'd with formidable dry Tandy Mountdin^, buiclfcwhere 
verv plentiful efpecially in Cotton, Miilet, Rice, and moft forts 
i)f Fruits. The length of the Days and iNights in this CdUntry is 
Ihsfanieasin the Kingdom of Cbiridj they'both lying under the 
tme Parallels of Latitude. 

Comir.oDiti'ecf ^ The chief ro^^n^ii/t/'; of this Country, are Aloes, 
lubk, Rhubato, Wormil-eds, Civirs, Ind'<.-o, Laiquc, Boiax, Ogi- 
1111, Amber, Myrab<dans, Sal- Arn'-oniac, Silk, Cwffons,Callicoes, 
atcins, TatTaties, Carpets, Metals, Porceiiine tlarth, and molt 
rts of Spices, Cl?r. 

KiTitic?,] In feveral Parts of the Mo/jwA' iT^wp/Ve, particulariy the 
vingdom oi'Cumbiiix, are divers noted Vu}iar:o\,wh\ch ufually Imoke, 
ndlometimes break out in terrible FruiJiicns oi Fire ar 1 Sulphurous 
lUttcr, In and about the Imp' rial City 0^ u^gra^ are the fplcndicl 
'0M/t/T^5 of the ;^(^y.t/f"i«''/;//)'of the Moguls ; pa.iicularly that glori- 
Uj Monument of the Em})rers t<i C/:i-Gc;/;.u/, tr^ctcd nigh to the 
Srand B^ir^ which is reported to be a very ftately Structure, and 
ffo valt a bignefs, that iocoo Artificers were un^)!oy'd in cre^^ing 
tit for the fpacc of 22 Years, buz what moltiy d^rferves our re- 
ard, in the whole Kingdom o( hidofiati^ is that rich and glorious 
"hroiie in the Palace of W^r^, on which th^G^f^^r ^logul duth ufu- 
ly appear daring the Feftival of his Bi, th-day, where he receives 
r.e Compliments and Prefents of the Grandees, after the yearly 

T Cere» 


wm ■ 

m ' 




1 ■ 


II .' 





26/5 7W/^. Pare if 

Creniony of weighing his Perfon is over. Thi''> ftately Throne ( 
notttt among Travellers in thefe Fnrts) is l.iicl lo ftaiul iipoi Tc 
and Kar.. over-laid vvitli cnameird Gold, anil adorned with fc. cr 
large Diamonis llubies, ind other precious Scones. Thr C^fio-, 
over the Tlirone is fer thick with carious Diamonds, and ruriou'l 
ed with a Fringe of Pearl. Abn'e the Canopy is the lively V-j] 
giesofa Pejroil^ whof:." 'I'ail fparkles with blue Saphires.and od::j 
Stones of ditf- rent Colour? ; Ids Body is of enamellM Cold ietwi 
Jewels, and on his Bre.iit is a lArge Kuhy, from whicli hangs a If.-. 
as big as an ordinary Pea." On both udes ot the Throne are r^ 
Umbrella's of curieiij red Vflvet, richly emoroidcred with Gol: 
and encompalTed with a Fri-^e of I\arl ; the very biicks whcri( 
are alio cover'd wifh Ptf.:rls, Rubies and Dian.orcls, Over Dpaii 
the Emperor's Seat is a ciioice J.-wel with a ho'e bored thro' i^, 
which hang^ a pro.ligious big Diamond, with many Rubie:^ , 
Emeralds round aboniir. Thefe, and reverc'l otliers noth-r ,: , 
tioncd, are the coltly Ornaments of Throne, whicii ( 
all related of it be true) cannot be matchLd by any oths,r Mondrcl 
upon tiieFace of the whole Farth. 

(l-<inncto 1 The Inhabitants of the variou:^. Parts of this vaft h 
pirCj are various Tempers and Cultoms. W iut thofe of the In! 
'Provinces are, is not very t.Ttain (cur Intelligence of ' m bci.i 
yet very ll.nner) but tlie People of the Southern or "M '.n: 
ri.ices of the: AP;^«/'3 Dominion":, are Perfon-. (for the moft t,: 
very tail ofSraturt', ftrongofBody, and inCompUxion inciir; 
f^">mewhat to than of rhe N'cgroes. In Jjchavidur^ Civil; in tl 
Deilirig., pretty Juft; and many of thj Mechanical fort 


wonderful hn\enious. 

I Part 



ion ol 
ry'j by 
rally ^a 
and' A 11 
ICourt ; 
all his 
would I 

':ude of 
oblig'd I 
Were ii 




!Lr;n:iui:c.] Both here, and in the fwo P^;j/>/;//.f s hereafrern^E|[^^^^^^-^| 
tioned, are various L.iri^ujges^ anil thcle again d^-ided into di 


leve a 

Diileds; but t\\Q /n\ibick is ftill ufed in their RUigious Oifaff°."^"^'| 
Among the feveral Lutigu^iges Ipolan in th? Aio^^it/'s Dominion 

C-i^i^a^'i lOKi 

lie is reckoned the chief and is tv ffiv ided it 

prive a I 




Kingdoms of C:nnbjy.i and Bcvgah \ but the rerj'u}i is faid to be; 
tavgujigt' of the Court. 

C5ol>cvii:J!"iit..i This vaft Body comprehends a great manv '' Ijeving i 
doms, fome of which are free, fome iabject ?o orhers, and i: ,.P''''ide d 

pey frej 
mns th( 

cm Tributary tJ one Sovereign, namely tne G>e:it Mog- 
Govcrnm;:nt is moft Tyra;nnicul, for he hath bo-Ji the 

I i'afons of hii Subje^U wholly i^.t his Difpufa), and iiLoru-i^') Per\ 

Part ill 

fhronc (in 
upo-; Ft 
fitU re'.\.'ri| 
lit' C'lno'.i 

i '."iKlUi' 

lively rifij 

I, and on. 
old let vvi 
ir^sa it;. 
jiic are m 

with GolJ 
cks uhcrr. 
3ver affair! 

thro' i^ i| 

jth-r ;: , 
le, \*hicn 
I'^r MoDdrcl 



this vaftti 
of the In! 
of ' m he 
or M.'.rr. ' 
le moft 
:iun inciin 
ivil ; in ti 
:al fort yroj 


into ditT^; 
^ious Ornc 
y ulVd in ii 
fa id to be: 

t manv ^' 
s, and r 

the > ' 
ii Lore 


Fait IF. I/! Ma. 267 

p-in:Hc:'ir of every Mans Fftjte. His Imperial Sf.-at i> ordinary at 
/;; 7, which i:; a vc;y rich and populous (Jity, lying in the Province 
|(,f rhe fjmj Name, and rhc Metrnpolh ot the wliolft Empire. If he 
ill(nvs pucrnni Inh-rit nee any wliere, the (ainc is rcyc^liable ac 
liisPleafuic. His bare Wi!l is the f^^iw, and his Word a fin^l Deci- 
sion of ail Controverfics. The Indian Diadem is not entailed by 
primogeniture or the Sons, but is either ravifht by Force, or car- 
r\'a by C'^ifr, of iuch who ftand in Competition fur it; lie gene- 
rally fut ceeding to the Throne, who hath moftly gainM the Favour 
hnd AlTiltai ce of the Omrahs ii^d l^Uhobs, \A'i:hoLhtr '"Jrandcesat 
Court ; and upon hi fnltilm at therein, he commonly facrificeth 
all his Rivals and nearcft Relations, reckoning his Throne to be 
hue Tottering, unlefs its Foundations be laid in the Blood of fiicli 
perfons. His Revenue is indeed ib vaft, that a bare Relation 
would fe^m incredible; but proportionably to the fame, are his 
rieccflary ways of imploying ic ; for to awe the prodigious multi- 
tude of People within the valt extent of his Dominions, he*s 
oblig'd to keep in daily Pay, many Legions of Si Idiers ; otherways 
Were impoifible to command the turbulent /(ij^ih, ^vho (as it is) 
ej frequently make Infurreftions, anddiftuib his Government. 

flrtriBf ] The Enfigns Armorial of the Gredt Mogul, are f^id 10 be 
hfl^tn , Seme with Befancs, ^r. As for particular Coats of Arms, 
[peculiar to private Perfons, as in Eurcpi^ here arc nom ; no Mjn 
Iwitiiin the Mopul*s Dominions being Hereditary, ciihcr to his 
lEltate or Honours. 

raltston.] Thelnhabitantsof this Country are moftly Pagan jand 
Kit to Pagayiifm the Religion of M^i-owet prevails ; it being chiefly 
embraced according to the Comm( nraries of Morf/V //(^/j'. Of the 
|Fugj»x, here are various Sedsand Orders urn. aig 'cm •, particular- 
ly the Baniatis^thc Ferpcs and l-dciuirs. (i.) The Bxtiirns^ who bi^.-' 
lieve a //c']4/^.4v;/w!r/<, or Tranfmigration of Souls, and thereupon 
ioufually build Hofpitals for Bealis, and will upon no account de- 
prive any Creature of Life, lell thereby tht-y diilodgc fas they 
[in<iginej the Soul of fotnc departed Friend But of all living 
.rtdtures they have the grcntcli Veneration for the Cqw, to whom 
[hey pay a folemn Addrels every Morning; and at a certain time 
Dfthe Year they diink the Srale of chat worlhipful Animal; be- 
lieving it hath a fingular Qiiality to purifie all their Defilements* 
Jdide their conJiant Abftinence from the Food of any Animal, 
Ihey frequently refrain from all Eatables till Nighr. Of thefe Bi- 
livzw; there are reckon'd in 7?;^/^ about 24 different Cafts or Se^s, 

2.) Perfees, (the Pofterity of the ancient Perfutis) who worlhip 
jheElemencof Fire; for which reafon they're alfo called Guurcs^ 




mi :> 













■ i 

268 hi^Lt. Part II. 

z. e, Worfhipp>?rs of Fire. Belides the Fire, they have a great W. 
nerar.i.'jn for ch; Cock. To kill the one, or extinguifh the other, i- 
eft -emM Dy 't.n a Crim? unpirdonablc Their High Pri.ft is call" 
Dejhoor, an.lfh:. 1: arciinary P nW^ Daroox i)T H.irhoods, Laftly^ tr.: 
Fdluin^ (a kind ot' Pv^eligious Monks) who live very aiifterc Live? 
b.'lng much given to tailing, and leverdl Ads ot" Mortihcation ;ar.:! 
forne (iS a voljnrary Penance) make iokmii Vows of keeping ilicir 
Hands claTpM about thtir ; orhers held ont- ('and ic me bo:'; 
Arms} Itreicht out in the Air \ and a tht^ufand luch ridicuK;us Pc. 
fttires, and all during Liie. Which Vows once nude, th-y racr.vJ 
ly obferve - noLwithitandir.g the Oblervatibn < t" 'cm is atten'.el' 
with exquiite Pain. Molt uf liie Jyiiur.s believe that the Rive- 
Givs,''<; hach a fa nttify ins Qi^ialiry ; whereupon they tiock thi hirA 
certain Seafons irj v.^il Mudiitud; s, ti. ) 1 -nae thtniiclvcb thcrtirJ 
Difperfcd thro' the ;Vj9^u/'s Dominions i>> a torhderai)le number cil 
j^erpj ; and upon the Sr-uCoail^ are many Europ'j)? Chnftid7is, li 
upon the account oF Traiiiek. ThoV parrsot/wd// ^ hich rccfiudl 
the iiltrlTed Gofpel in torm-r ntncs, were inAiutt.d therein (aii 
gc icrally believed) by the Apoftle St. Ihoma^. 

6 2. Tie Peninfula oj India muhifx the Gciiigcs. 

I-Jame] 'X^His large Country [comprehending the feveral Kir^^ 
X doms above-m --ntiond ; and now bounded on the En 
by the Guifof M'fxr'o ; and on the Welt by M.irs yinlhu^ -^ on'h 
North by part ot the A,V{j;</'s Empire ; and on the .^outh by 
/Wii/.mOcean^ was ttrm\l i'enniJuU Indnv intrj G.ivp/m by the A' 
cients, parntularly the J^cmars, and that up* n the cTccountot i; 
Situation; being, or on this tide the River 6'u«^t'i, in 1: 
ipeit of the Empire ot fe'/zi, or W'eltern Parts of y///i. 

5Sir.] The ///> of thi, Country is generally very nof, yet in mnft 
the Maririme places, 'lis fretjucntly qualiri.d by ccdH HreiZcshc 
the S.a. T'le oppoiirc place ot the Giwbe to this Vciiirfuh. is t 
part ot ih*. Pacitick Ocean, becwet-n i^^ind 
gi^ude, with 17 and 25 Degrees of 5ou!h Latiiude. 

'*rmM The Soil of this P'-virfuU i, {U>r the muft part) exfraor,, 
iiJiy. F^-^Tll, pro^luting all dcinablt Fraits, Roots ana Grain, b: 
fidji vaft quanti'-i'S Of Xledlcinal Herbs. TIil* longjH Day in tl; 
Northinoft Par^sof tlii-. Country is about: 13 Flours and a half, t!' 
fhorteli in ih-' Southmo)^ i^ u Flours and a half, and the Ni^^r: 

v;amm«n:tifff j The chit fC^mwjoi/uf^ of this Country, are 
Sdk, Cottons, Pv.'aris^nrugs,Datt\5,Coco's, Ricc/iir^er,Cinnjni ' 

4^ D grees ot Lt; 

Fart II 

Xrcw, ca 



;n r,:e N 

Rock, o 

lull Sea ru 
i/ons, <Sc 

rhen Tt r 

I Hock ; V 

I.'.-' (iff; at 

I'.er adja 


|(j.;c: upor 

''ji^zrefs c 
|(.cn on 
|:,rc- H' 

re r.^t 

• eig! 

[l.', muc 

fDan*. c 
/.;, <ae II 
ot the A 

t'.vn, viy 
which is 


I me CO 
who acki 
not can 
:nto var: 
^n the C 

'art 1!. 

;rcaf V-, 
other, '.I 
ft is call' 
^ftlvy tr:| 
It.- Li v. 

^Jng Uicir 
feme bur: I Po. 
y lacr. ,,| 
rhc Ilivc- 
thi htra:| 
-> ihcTti 
lumber cil 
ifl'iins, a ll 
1) rcCfr.idl 
rein (aii( 

fart I r. 



K.Uitie-5.] In feveral Places of tlic* Klngd'-mof Dicx^i^ isano^ed 
Ticw, caliM l)y Trav -Ikrs ih-- A';r:' Z/r^'., wliolc X.Hur; is liich, that 
every Mo' nin;j 'ii>, lull oMh-in^\ i :\], \\!',ich indichcttof 
:hL' l)>iy t'*ll down in Sho^t.-rs to clu Gii ui;-! ; ard hi Homing a^ain 
;n r.;e Nighr, it daily appears in a fu w f.iveiy. rr.) In [he Kiard 
.Vj/jc^i^» adjacent to Cox, arc v^ift K. » t.ei.'tacles cut » u. ot the \\\d\\\ 
;-,olI:, one tiboveanotli.r, fi nie'tF'.ni bei g cq '.M in l)igncls .o d 
Vilhfc,-^ of 4<jO Hcules, ani ddi)( nM rhrouj^hout wi h ftrarge f. i^ht- 
::ilS:arues ot Idols rtprelentin^ El-fpl.anrs Tyc^Ts, Lions, Ama- 
, )ns, vlTr. (-;;.) In theilland '.'mjorciu, Uf^i' Domb.ij (b^-ion^iiig to the 
ii,nus,ii-^\"') 1^ ^ City of the fau'e Name, having divc is large H^^a- 
f';enTt niplcs, .md many other Apartni'-nrs, all cutout of the fii in 
Kock ; wldwh iiupendous Wok is atrrihutul by fume to Akx-indcr 
Ki (irtiit^ bur ihii without any Hicw of J^robability. ('4 ) In ano- 
i:.;'r adjacent Ulan I (belongi.ig aid) to i\\c Vo>tugut'-^yy and called 
/,;;/;j?;rc?,f!om a liu^c atLihciil bIepha'.;tof Stune, !x : ^ng a young 
ij:;c upon its liack) is anodicr IdMlatrous Temple of a prodigious 
I;/rciS cutout of the firm Rock. *l'is luj^ported by 42 I'^iilars, ai.d 
(,cn on all lules, except rhc Laid, where liaiKis an Image wirh 
:.,reL* H'.'ads, adom'd wiih ftrange Hiorrog'yphicki', and tlie \A jI.'s 
re l>t round with monltroiis (giants, whereof fome have no Kl:* 
\:ir, eight Heads (5.) At a City in the Kingtom of Dt;ca}:, known 
:oTrav. ilers by rhc Name of Purgcv-'f^y is another Heathen Tem« 
[1 ■, much the linic with that a^ovc-mcjitioird. 

eral KirjjJ 

)n the Eal 

i^ 'j on 'i 

uth by t J rirdjtu.-.djoi'^ick", &c.^ .'hLl:biji:oprit.ks, Dijlrprith^Vnivfyfiti^^St^one 

ly the A' 

DUnt of l': 

igcs^ in r 

: in moft 
e- z.stic: 
lih. is t! . 

C3 ot Lc; 

Grain, b- 
Day in t: 

a halt, ti- 
the Niji",: 

re McM'J 


V)Mv.t\:s 1 The Natives of the various Provinces of this Pentrpu- 
/.;, ,^re much the lame in Mufrf7t'n with thofe in the Sou Jit ra Parts 
ot the .LV;.'/i/'3 Dominions already mention\l. 

L HTiianc] The chief of the hdiati Ton^^ues in this iefii)ifuJx^ ire 
two, vi^, the Cinbirii: moftly i 1 ul> dboui ou/, and the G^arita 
which is rpoken in Uijnjgar^ and in the CoaiiJ oi LororiurdtL 

Co'JCinir.rnt I In this /Vw/Vj/u/j are a gre-a: many Princes, who af- 

i'.ime to themfelves tiie Title of Rings; the chief of 'em b ing thofe 

\CilhUty Cochin^ (.\l*utlor^ Crxrpxtwr^ Irx-jxrjor, ar.d 1 Vior \ b-Mid'r?:^ 

'hich, aic feveral fo'ts of People in variv:.Ui IVirts ot this Country, 

ho acknowledge Sut)je^hon to none of theie, nor to anyotrier 


|nur can they accord among themfelves, being cf^mmoniy divided 
nto various Parti^'S, who pifitiiDy hanh one another \ and thole 

•1 r 

he Coaft ^^itAAlibnj are much adiictcd to Pyracy 




i: i 

! , 

i I 




Part 11.1 


What arc the true Enu^ns Armoilal of thefe IndLmi 
Princes, [or if any] is mofily conjcdural ; all we fird of 'cm is 
tbit fome iii IJecan and Cambjiu bear IVr^', enconipaffcd wich a| 
Collar oMarge precious Stones. 

ii\tlig(OK.] The Inhabifanrs of this Tevirifuli are g^enerally Mdomt 
Urts^ efpecially thofe who li^e near the Sca.Coalts, I ur People re-l 
liding in the 1 rd.ind Parts arr grofs Idolaters, woi ihippirg not orly 
the Jttw and /Mew, butalfoininv Idilsot'moft ugly and horribiel 
Afpefts; and in fome Parts of Pc-aw they look upon the firfl Crea.l 
turc rhey meet with in the Morning, as the prop-r Objeil of theirj 
Worfhip for that Day, except it be a Crow, the very ligHtcj 
which will confine them to their Houfes the whole Day. In mo\\ 
of the Sea-Port Towns and Places of Trade, are fev^f in coniider- 
able Numbers, and many European Chriliidfjs^ efpecially thofe of car 
Ff'gliJ}? ¥;i(\o:Ws. Chriiiiaiiity was firf^ planted in this Country 
much about the fame time with the Mogul ii Empire. Of which al 

§ 5. T/je Pcninfula of Indid hejondthe Ganges. 

/^aUK.] "PHis laft Divifion of Jndh [Bounded on the Eaft hyl(\i:iji;i3f 

Cl:hht\ on the Welt by the Gulf of 7^ew£4/ ; on thel 
North by part of the Mo^jm/'s Empire j and on the South by fornelniiniW 
of the Indim Ocean]) is term'd Pctihifuh Indite extra Cavgem^ or A 
dii beyo'fid th?. (hvges^ becaufeofits Situation; it lying beyond rha. 
famous River, in refped of the other Pemnfulat or the Weftern 
Parts of^//4 iii general. 

SirJ The /iir of this Ven'mfHh is fomewhat different^according to 
the Situation and Nature of the various Parts of that Country, yt: 
generally efteem'd indifferent healthful and temperate enougli • . 
.con'-dering the Latitude of thofe Places. The oppofite Place ci 'oi'.cn in 
the Globi^ to t'.is rtnivfiihy is that part of M)vj ZeUniU^ between ^3gc tiic 
110 and 230 D grecsof Lon^itudtjWith i to 24 Degrees ot Suutli 

'^"Of." The ^(il of this Country (it lying under the ift,adnnd^ 
Nortli-Climat^'j is extrao:ilinary lertil, producing in great Pkn 
ty all fo^^s of deiirable Fruits and Grain-, befides 'tis well ftocl' 
with invaluible Mines, rind great (juanrif y of precious Storic>; yei 
To vdftly Rich is this Country, that the Suuthmoli part the ccl 
(viz. i'jperfjncj'e iCor) is eitjeni'd by many to be the Land of OriM 
to which ii\n^Sjlou;on fent his Slups for Gold. The longcitDjj 

d Kingc 
bje6t toi 
vers och 
e Ancle 
indy as t 
11. He 
li Coclfim 

rt I 



d of 'cm is 
iffcd «»ich al 

people re- 

^g noc only 
nd horribiel 
? firft Crea.l 

jeilof thei 
^ry light cj 
/. In mtftl 
n con(ider-| 

is CountrvP'"""^^^* *'^ ^^^'' ^"^'^ ^'"^ ^^'^ \'^(^\it the two famou, Cjf7t':iif^s, i. c. 
>f whichal'B*^ llubies of proc'.i^ious Value, ab(u: which the Ne"g;iDcuiing 
" "incts frc(|ir.:nily coitcnding, have draAn Seas of ijlood frum 

i.hothers Subjects, and all from a vaia Opirjor., 'Ih:it the Pof. 

;;ion of Lhofe Jcwc^; carry altng with 'cin a juft Claim of Dou.!- 

jiiover the Neighbouring Princes. 

he Eaft hy| $\i-ijt'i3{joy?i:K?, S;cO ^^'''■^-'^(/'^■^P'-'^i^'^ 'Lmvcrjitks. None, 

ii/ ; on thel 

ith by forfle|r}3J".nct0 j What was faid of the Natives of the other PdT^ifijlU ia 


the Northmofr Parts is about 13 H( ursan'1 an half ; the fhorteft 
»:;'heSouthmott, near about 12 Hours, and the Nights propoi,-- 

CommoHitictf.] The chk( Commoditi^-s of this Country, are Gold, 
;;,er, prcciou, Ston-js, Silks, Poicelline Earth, Aloes, Musk, Rhu- 
iibf Alabarter, ^c, 

'^.intitg.'] Among the /^/>'mV; of this Country, we mav reckon the 
hj^ii Houlis in the City of Arrdc:iv^ being a large Hill in the 
r.g's Palace, whoft? iniide i-intirely overlaid wiih Gild, haviiii'' 
itaccly Canopy of \la(Ty Gold, from the Pdges of which han^ 
}.ve ic:^CQmbdkvghi\ or large Wedges of Gold in form o^jugar- 
|,0ave-. Here alfoare feven Idols of Mjffy Gtd 1, (.f tlie heigirc f.i" 
,1 ordinary Man, wh^fc Fjiehcads, Jii:eafh,^nid Arms ^re adurn'd 
I'.h variw^ty of precitUi S:cne^, a^ Ru ;ics, Eir.jr^, Saphires ^nd 



or A' 

)cyond that 
le Weften 

xordirg to 
nintry, yt: 
te enoug 
ite Place 
iy between 
es ot Soutli 

ft,adnnd ; 
^reat Plcn 
well ftocl^ 
torit'>; yejj 
art the coj 
(t of nt\:[\ 

lint {)i NiamicYSy the fame may beaiiirm'd of ciioll- inhabuing this. 

'.,? various Europeans here reliding, are much the lame in Man* 

with the refpedtive People of iiwro^d fiom whence they came, 

l3n!Xu32M The chief of the /w^uw Tongues in this PfwrV/w/i. is 
lat called the lAjUje^ molliy uled in lYiJacca', but beiidcs tl.e Vd.- 
ous/wi//jn Tongues, bo'li in the Mo^iil^ Umpire, and rlie tv/a 
rmfiiU\^t f-'^t^ rortugiie^s LiU'^Uigc is cummorly undei flood ard 
loi^en in all Mariiime Towns of Trade, It bemg the chief> 
jagc that's nCcd in daily Commerce bjCweea the fr^'.>;ili- diid Ki- 
ves of that Countryo 

Ooiientmcnt.] In this Vemnfnlx are a great many diff^r^ru S^atc; 
d Kingdoms, particularly that of Pcj^m, (a very ruh kingdom) 
bje^t to ic^own Monarch, whofe Sovticignty is acknu^vLdged by* 
|v'crs other confidcrubje States, as Af^m, /h-jca-fi and ///;/./, bclides 
Ancient -fcrariiwj.r/;;, and other People living on the Wcfv of 
bi, as the Ljfes, Jimocuss^Cufysi and Cioca>if/.es, all 'i'ributary to 
|ni. Here alio are the rich and HaurilhingKiiigdams of /'f<V(^M/: 
^^Coclfinchi?j, efpeciAlly the former, whofc Rin^ h clteeni'd a 


T 4 




>i 4- 



272 hidia. Part 1] 

mighty potent Prince, able to brin^ into the Field vaft Muhir; 
•01 i.\.-i\ u;'> n .ill otcafions. An I L.ijtly, 'J'h; Itingof .s;ur/j (to uhoi 
a ^reat many Piinccs are Tiibutaiy) iS'.ft 'cmcd one of the nchtl 
and moft potenr Moaatch^ ot" all rhe frialt, and aflurnes (as fori 
alledjv-) theTitlj(>.t the Rin^ ot //t\rj:'w and Eirth'y and yctn,:] 
withltandin^ his mighty Force and Trcaiure, heisfaid to Ws T: 
buary to the lunufij and to pay Lntm Yearly a certain kini 

9rmi.] We find no Hiti^faOory Account of what Fnfiijns Armci.j 
are born by thcfe Eaflern Princes ; or if any at ail. 

ttelijon,] The Innahirants of this /'f"?;i'://</i are generally gr^ 
Idoiaccis, Tiiole of.9/i)/i au (aid to maintain Fythafi^orM^s Mettu.^ 
chnfiSy a!id famm»»n!y adore tlie lour Elements. VVhereibever M 


ri'itinifi.-i prevails 'cis ^',vrnera!ly intermixt with manyPi^.jH 


and CereiV' nics, as p-uticularly in C'-imboiii^ on the River lA:;:. 

in vvliith Ci^y arc al;n(dt ;^oo liately Mofques, not only welln 

nifht with excellent BeJib (contrary to tiie/w^jLv/liCuftom eirewhc: 

bat alio wirh a great many iJols of all fortr. In the Iviugdo;: 

TuiHi. they have a jireat Opinion of the Sanctity of Apes and Cr: 

dilt'if belier'niji thofe Fcrlons wry ha^py v; ho are devoured by c: 

They obitrve vcarly <, folemn Fcllivals, (called in tlieir Lang,u]^ 

S.ip.iMy) and Jift'ngnMhi'd by th" Names of 6/it7;/V, C\iteu7io Ginr 

Sfgidnouy Tliiihf and V'.im-n. Their Prielts are called E^ulini^ i\ 

are dividetl inro three Order*;, diltin^,uifhedby the Names otl'n 

grini, I\irgi.iin and .\'>xo-n, Tliey have aUb many Hermits, wh: 

they divided into G'^f/'', A'lnigrr'in and T.iligrepij who are all 

jireat Hrteeni amon^. the Pc'ople. Chniiianity was \)lanted heiJRaiJit ] 

n^uch about the lame time with the other Vcmrifnl.i already r: 



(' >'. 


Part iMart 

\ Multim. 
m (to vaIkii 
filie richti 
les (as fo 
ind yet njj 
d to bs T: 
tain km J u 

;ns Armoi.J 

erally gri] 

[bevc^r A'.; 
Pjg.m II :i 
Liver iMr;..: 
nly well :„ 
n el,evvhc: 
es and Cr:. 
jured by c 
rir Lan^U2 
ledtio G'uir 

emits, \vh. 
arc all; 
\)lanted he; 
licady r:,t 


Concerning JJccfuT^ 

d. 1" 

f 7^'^ 3^^?rar ^ t^ C L^^m^t'i from E. to W. h 
between ^ ^^ 00^'^°"/^ about .440 M.le,. 

f)between/ '-^ +°?.of Lat.V^/^'V"'' ^T m', '" ^- " 

into many 

North, f/'v- ' Gdand -• 

Rrai h 

Provinces, i MidJIc','v'^ < ^'-tZ' </?<iv -. * ^ 

burchiefly C^'S J^^ff^ "' 

Ithoie to- 
re /J-i/^w— 

G'''ar. -- — — 

VV tot. 


wards the 

(^ , 1 1'll' i ' 

I oouth, viz.--^.,, 
^ yxirvtan- 

Mac an - 


If -) 

lo^i .^W. toE 

.s. hiras 

G:>ynhrcon - 
i Tit^ 


■ VV. to L". 


5anie]'r)/^?/7,» r known ro tlie Aficitnts by the furx Name, aiiuL 
X ionic others, but of a inoch iMv;^^ Extent at pre- 
cnt ; bctni^ now bounded on the t^ft by the l<!ogul\ Enipiit, <;n tlic 
iVcftby /4 ati^Turky;ofy the North by the CntpiauSca and p.nt (jfTar^ 
<7; ;nd on the St)urh by the l'£rfiauGu]i' .^nd p.m (d the At.;in Oce- 
nj is»-erm'd by the Ualiaiis :\\\d SpantardSy Piy(ia-, by the h\)uL,l\)jc:, 
'V the G rt'ans^ Ferjuu, and by the Emjt)}\ Fc'f.t ; j'o tjlTd '.as mony 
I'egcJ from one of its ancient Provir.ccs, nain'd Pcrfh, or (accor- 
ing to others) from Pe>'les^ an illuftrious Lr)id in the Country of 
l»m^ who for his Merit is faid to have obt un'd tlie Government ot 
he People, and to have calTd both Country and Iiduibitants after 
lis Njme. But finally, oth'-TS do eagerly plead for an He'rciv I^tyino- 
ogy, deriving tlie Name from the Word, CD'ti;'^,^ :. f. Equ tes» 
-or 'tis reported of the Inhabitants of this Country, that before 
be Reign of C)rvf the Great, they fcldom us'd to Ride, or knew very 
ttic how to manage a Hoi ' 

-rwards in nun.iging Hoi 

oile;and tliaf fiich was thtir Dexterity at- 
Jifcs- thi't this Country is faid to nifumeics 

ri I-' 




/ ■ 


274 ^ Perju. Parti] 

Name fiom tint Animal. lor the ftrengt'inlfig of which Oijunoij 
they farther obltive, ri^at the TnJc of * .r//.^ is iiOt ro(.,id n, ,, 
liooki otiloly Scriptuic^which were wjitrcji bttoie th:; tunc c^Cypru 

.'\v - 

Sir.] The ^.'J* of tins Country is very tern: era-% efpec 
wards the Nort!i, btyoiv! the vad Mouiiraifi of /:?.'.';.< ; bur in {] 
Southern Provinces 'crs fcoichiji*; hot for icveul Mo.;rns f in 
pofitc Place of tiie Glebe to Peyfta, is part ci Mare del /io\ btti'. . 
250 and 280 Dc:j;iccs of Loiii^ca 'c, v.iAx 23 and 40 Dv ijicci 
South Latitude. 

<?vOiK.] The»:c/7orrhi.>, Country C it^ Ivinr; in the 3d and 4th N" 
riiniittc) isveiy difllrciii: j for in tiu Wm them Pai 15;, adjacent 
T.iTtury and the C-*l'pia>} Su., riic GrouiKJ [•i vtry barren, produci;,^ 
but Jictlc Corn, and few i-ruirs. i?ur wSourh of Mount ir.urusr'o 
Soil is fai'l to bc(-::rraordi!:-jy ferri), the Countiy pleaiant and pjcai 
tiful of Coin, I'liiirs. Wnits, L,' c. aifo.dn ^ ,:l!'. loaie rich MinJ 

of Gold and Silver. J iic loiigei} Day in tlic Norrhmoil \\\n^, 
about 14 Hours and tlire. oii.Ti ttrs. r!u: iliortef} in the Southnioll ;| 
^3 Hours iiad ."> tfuArctr, liiid tiic N;g!iis proportionably. 

C0!ni110"Dit{cs.J The tbi r ('G:j-,7nodiiics of tliis Country, <^rc c; 
rious Silks, CiUpers, TmIucs, M^nuFrfituies of Gold, Silk and ^. 
ver, Seal-Skins, Goat bkins, Aj^baQci, and all forts of Mciah, 
Myrrh, Fruits, 6"--. 




r:li ; cm 

[a lo ib 

,Mi'es I 



|:!es Noi 

[oJ agair 



ten who 



lie are fc 

[certain 1 


llmtic!^.'] This Country (.imong ir? cln.,f /w;!-..?*:;) doth yet bo'i' 
of the very Ruins of rhc once proud of Ptrf'po is, fo fnno 
of old, and now call'J by the Inh.ibit.inrs (^hil-yK.iuQr, iignifyir, 
Vorty Pillars ; which imports, tliitio rn my were fl-:inding fon: 
/Vges ago ; but at ptefent theie's only nineteen remnining, togeth; 
with the Knins of about ei-^Iuy more-. Tiiofc I'librs, yel" ft.indini] 
?re of excellent M u Lie nud about fifteen Toot high ; for a particu 
h,x Draiiglu of Vmh, v^ irh rlie Opy of feveral Infcription:, in m 
Icnov. n Characters, niid* Pkihj'. Tranj t>o 20:, & - lO. (2.J In the Cin 
u( Ifpahfin IS. a larg^ Pillar lixty let high, confilting purely oi tii 
Skulisof D.jHs-, ercded !)y i/'iixp //hai fhe Great (upon a Seditioiio 
iiis Nf'bles ) who vowM fo rear up a CoLnnn of their Heads, as 

onumtrif of their Obloquy to after A^es, if they pcrfilled in Di( 

;cli giv 

llncfs tc 
ky are 
b very 
iry, Paa 
d Coffee 
ry rcfpc 
iy and 

kc the 
las Silks 


(obedience, but they furrendr inn upon Difcrction, he orderM cat 
of 'em to briog the decollated Head of fome Bead, and lay jt hi| 
I'eet ; which was ;icco'dingly done, and of them he made the; af 


Uid Pillar in lieu of a Colunui of their own Heads, (jr) Qhp. of rhj 

I but i« 
illy /i'r\ 
the PeHi 

all tht 
o^i^ns d 

lift II. Ptrfia. 275 

peior's Gardens at Ifpahati Is Co fweet anc^ Helicarc a Place, that ic 
liTimorjly ^oes by the N..nic of hcjie Bth(i^ i c. Paiadifc upon 
[ill ; itnU the Royal SepuJch.cs nt the Pcfian Monaichs, are iii- 
.;j Id llately, that tlicy dcl'civc to bt mentioned here. (^.) About 
Mi'es NoiLh-tift ot G^miroon is a moil hideous Cave, which for 
toiniidiible Alptft, ib termed Hell*> Gateh)' our Englijh Travellcrsj 
(have paft tliat way. (5 >) A Gcnoe, about twelve or fourteen 
jesNoith of Gomkoon, aie lonie excellent iiathS) efteemed very 
oJ againft moft Chronica) Diftcnipcji, .ind much frequented for 
|invctcr.<te Ulcers, Aches, and fuch like. (6 ) Within five 
i;.'Uts of Damoarty is a prodigious hij;h l^ipe of the fune Name, 
,f;;i whole top (cover d all over wirii Sul hur, which (parkics in 
|;NJ^:ht time like Fire) one ni..y clearly fee the Cafiian Sea, tho' 
huruhed and eiy,lity miles dift..nt ; and nigh to this fulphurous' 
ikeare fome fimous B-.ths, wh ic there's a great refort of People 
certain times of the Year. Lailj, In leveral ''arts of Perfia mo 
'ountains of curious bhick Marble, and Springs of the famous 
utha^ with variety of other Minerals. 

Art1)btf!)0p;i>ft^- See] Arch'jijhprckf,ryiJhoprtikSfOiU'niverptict, are 

b^anner^] The Per/tans are a People (both of old, and as yet) 
Inch given to Aftrology, many of them making it their chief 
Jilinefs to fearch after future Events by Aftiological Calculations. 
Ihey are naturally grtat Diiremblcrs,*Flatterer$ and Swearers ; as 
To very proud, palFionate and revengeful ; exctdive in their Lu- 
Iry, Paftnncs and Expenccs ; much addiQcd to Tobacco, Opium, 
IdC'cfFce ; yet with^L ihcy are faid to be ( for the moft part) 
fry rdpe^iive to their Superiors, juft a!'d honefl in their Deal- 
5^. and abundantly civil to Strangers. And mod: of thofc who 
Lke themfelves to Trades, prove very ingenious in making cu- 
ps Silks, Cloth of Gold, and fuch like. 

|lan5uarc.^ The Pcrf^an languitgue ( having a great Tin£lure of 

Ardick ) is reckon'd not only much more polite than the Tur- 

I but is alfo cfteem'd the mcdifli Language ofjjia* Its divided 

[0 many particular Di.ikt^s, and the Characters they ufe are 

)(}ly /h'abuk. As for pure y^'rabick, that's the School Lnguage 

Ithe Perji.ftst in which not only the Myfteries of the jilcoran ; but 

[oall their Sciences arc written, and is Icarn'd by Grammar, as 

\^i»ni do Lain, 


Ot'' .J'' 

in T 

^ Mm 








lOoMttnmtnf] This large Country is u holly fu^jc-acd ro ontrj 
ycreign, namely, its own i:n»peror, commonly ihl d. -ihGrea] 
fbt of ^trfia\ wuofe Governmenr is truly Dcl',oriCuI, .md Ci( 
Hereditary, the Will of rlie Kmg bung a Law to the IVople, ^ 
iie Mafterof all their Live and Eft.ttcsi his numerous Subj. (^ts.i 
der him a kind of Adoration, anil ncvci Ipeak of hmi but wich 
grt'ateft rclpcft. As moH of the Jfi tic Princes .ifFt£t very Vdii) 
exorbitant Titles, fo docs the I'erjian Mon;irch in pjiticuhir, I- 

ing generally OiTJ King of T-trfa^ Pttnhia, MtJ.iay fa/i 

Choraiont Cottciahrt dixdHe-i^ of the O^'Z-bii] Trrta", of:h;;Kii 
donis of Hyrcania-, Dracorjia, Ev€ g^-'a, J'anncnia Hj/i'^'fia aiu] SA 
a7iai, of yiriaj raropaniz^t Drawe^iava, W*- ik-^fla, A' t^s,iaha .md cA 
man^a, a«- far as lldtcly InStus. Jjnlt.ui of Orniics, imr^ --''ti^ia, o.(l 
a7itj ChaUea, Aji/Opot m a, Giorgia^ Jritieniiiy Lirc^j a ami Ian, L( 
of tliC Imperial MoiintJins <ji ^rarat^ Taurus^ ^ nuC'^jhs ^nd l^i)..\u 
ComnanJcr of all f'le^tures from tlie Sci of ( horaz.tiyixoxbx (A 
ot Verfi-t. Of true Drfccnt fiom Mcrtis-j^Jy. Fr .nee of the { 
.Rivers, Euphratis, Tygris, Jray:ii rnd Indus. Govcinour of a!!,. 
^^ultans Emperor ot A/r'//7</;/. £7/. Bua ui iioriOur. Mj)iorct\j 
cue, and Roic of Dcligiic. 

^vms. j Many aiul various are the Opinions conccri/ing the K 
oi ViTi'la's Arms; It bemg LiHini'd by fon.e, jhat he in-arc'rh 
Sun Or, in a Field W.-.'/J'^ ; By ^"'thers, a Cicflcnt (>i<s tlu Zy^kiihl 
perors^ with this difllience thu ir jp.'h a Hand jJ'l-d to ir. 
otherS;0>',wirh a Dragon G«/,.<-. By othe's, c/r, wirh a UuffJoN 11- 
Sable* But the moft receivM 0,jinion is, that lie bearcih the Kiil 
Sun on the Back of a I. ion, with a Ciefcenc 

K(I 21011.1 The )[nhibit..nts of this Country (for \lv. mod p. 
cxait Obfervers of Mwonnt's Dextrine, .iccordi.ig to the iixpli 
tloM and Commenta !ts made l,y Mcrus Jly They dilF-rr m nij 
coniidcrable I'oiiifs f:o;n the 7«;A:.% and borh Parties ^re fub-J 
dzd into Vdr'ons Sr-£t">, between whom are toiVd tnany ("oncrov 
Ties, with llimitig Ze-1 on either llde. The main Point in del 
berwetn thtni, is, concernin«» the uiimcdiarfi SucccKors of A/a 
njct' Tlic 'flicks reckoning them thu*, ^'.^^homcU Ahoubckiri Oin 
0/w*»Wi and Mortis j4'y» But the ' irfinis will hw/^:. their yl'y to be 
immediate Succtlfor, and fome efteem him eqiKilly v>lth hi 
ynet himfcilf^ mm! call the People to Pr lyers wirh thefe Wor 
Jjala y !,iia Murtis Aly veU lula \ for which the I'.rks obhor tiK 
calling them Rafa-iiy and C/ffars^ i. e» Schifmaticks, and rhemfe! 
i^inui md xhifulmcv. which is, true Brlic vers. They diiTcrj 


1 fo one 
'■ll:e Qrea\ 
■Old CiOl 

ut With 
-'■y v^in 
ulnr, h\ 

'« 'I I id til 

i / W?/, L 

d I>(> 

to rlic (A 
of rhc lol 
ir of?.!' 
in or ct\1 


rc II' Pirfa. 277 

Irj.cir Explication cf the /iJurn'' -, beficfes. the Tirfans have con- 

LcJ it into a Iciltr Voluiiie than the y^Irahlaris^ i-iter GKWff'i Rc- 

-,,r.on, prefftving the ^nmanian Sc£\ btfoic iht Mdchian, Jnep- 

Eincfi^n, O; Xcfagans^ broachrd by Abmhtkir^ 0?»«r, andO/>«««; 

n which lour ^.re j'piupii above fcvriity I'cvcral Ibrts of Reiigi- 

Ordcr>, iis ^'orah ta, j^idals, L<.rvijes, ^apft/i, Rajadi\ &c. Here 

Irriany ^ejiorfiin ChriOians, ;is alfo fevcra) jtluits, and many Jevs^ 

\: Clinil!..n Religion wai fufr planted in this Countrey by th« 

citlc St, Jho".ar, 

' Mi. 

' ■» 



ng tlic K 


1 to ir. 
r.i-'s 11- 
h r.!ic Riil 

rhc ILypli 
iFcr in nii 
ire Wih-d 

fit ill deb 
)rs of Mi 

d'y to bc[ 
with M.I 
icTe Won 
rtbhor thf 
J r hem fell 
y dilTcr 






■ *• i 

'k ' 



i. '1 \i 




Concerning Curfep in Jp. 

dt m, 

•SC between J f ^^l of Long.?^ N Vr'^' f'""" ^ ^'^L 

.-§ ) between ^ ^^ 3o/ p Lat. C ^^^)^'^'^^^^^ f-"""^ ^'- r" »c, ' VT- 
*^C C 4$ 303 JiC abouci740 Allies. ■ |\j 

Comprehending Cixjsiria-' 1 _V H V ^^^/'o i 
gicitc Parts, v/^. SD/>^t'f/t J ^ 't ( ^^?^ ^S 

Turcontama — \ 15 \ W/* r«»» • 


Each of the foregoing Parts comprehends fcveral Provinces; 


'Nat oh a iropria' 


) Caramania 




C Bcriara ow^ra^ia dcjlr. 

-i BariTaboTyJrabial'clrc.t 

C. Apnan or jirabia /V/..v 


Syria propria- 
Vhoniicia — 
Palefiine "— 

Bur fa- 
Id' u- 


^nna — 
H rat-' 


-1 Norrhw.irl 
•I VV.toli.[ 

} South warl 

'N toS. 


' Diarheck 


. D ma k 

/crufaUm ~ 



:n. tos. 

N toS. 


yurconia' 7Turcotnama prop'ia 
nia J Curdes 






r: ir. 

Tu-ly in Jfi. 



•f r 

J s 

vaPJy cr- ' led Body being divided (as aforef^ld ) in- 

r'^ 11 X great P: . , -vji. Natohs, iirahia, Syrta^ Diarbeck^ Turco' 

,;ic~,tia, \xnCi Ge/'gia-, \vc ih.ll pai ticulaijy treat of the lirft 

. , ni iliar lip- ,.ct!y (t;.cy i-cing moftiy lemark^^ble ) j and 

■jiikJ « gci^cia- view of . !i (he itlt conjunftJy, and that under 

"ijil- of the Euphatian Provincej. Thticfore, 

^ T. NJ T L 1 J. 

I'Tc. V T^^o//^ f foiTneily /'fa Mror^ in contrndlftinQion from 
L^ y^Jii* t^^t-' Greater ; nnd now boundfd on the Eaft, by 
vni.iTua ; on the VVril, by ihz yJnhipe''^~^o ; en the North, by the 
j; y.a; .md on the Suuth; Ly part of the i-kditerrnnetm^ is ter- 
:.. by the Italians and -pani-iyns^ i^itolia] by the hench, Natolie i 
.w Gnmaji:, Natoliat ; and b) th. hvghjht i^atoha, or y^natolia ; 
ca i u :'t 111 ft by the Grecian's, bec.iulc ol: its Eaftern Situation ia 
:pt:5l of Greece, c-'to th^ 'At'tf-ToA>i<. 

*'ir1 The j4ir of this Counfry is very di^crenr, being in feme 
[Tvificts very pure and lieaitlifu! in ocherv cxfiunely grofs and 

lliltr.rious. The opp(v(ne I'iace rf tliL Globe to /^rintalia, is thas 
pircf the I'ac'fick O t.j>/, between 235 ;ind 250 Dcgites of Lcngi- 
pde, with i^ .:iid 58 Djrrees of South Latitude. 

^.Oii.] The So// of this Coiinrry Cir lying in the 5th nn:1 (^th North 
iT tc) is t-xfr.ioiJir,ai V f'-i'il, abouiifiiii},' wuhOilitnil Wine, and 
"cll ibits of Gi ,iin 111 d liuits: liut much of the Inland Pro. inces lie 
rcii!ti\',,red, a rh'np i( o amnion in moll ^ ounnies lubjeft to the 
'ihyrictan WVk- Tin K-ii|M )i of 1 lie D ryv and Nighi s is the fiimc heie 
t'iri G tr f, rh; y loth lying under the fiuie i\»raliels of Latitude. 

Co.'nm ti.'t'f 5 1 Th'r chief Cowv o//;f/^; cf tins Country arc raw Silks, 
.U'.-fljir, fwiOcd Corron, Cordov.^ns oi feverjl Colours, Caliturs 
'lire M)d blue, \Vo(d for ^T,^tre(les, T:iptfiiits, quilted Ciovcrlwts, 
Cip, Riiubaib, Gil , Valkneed, Scammony, Opium, &c* 

uari'ifs ] Notfar f. om Si'^^rn/.o (bythcrv'j, [fmy ) is a certain 
ind of Earth, conunonly c-tlfd by the />/!?;(:;, Soap-t^arthy which 
rh up out of rhe Ground, and \s always «^athei'd bef)re Sun- 
iiig, and rh;it in fuch rrodigious Qmnriry^ that many Camels 
rcd.iily imploy'd in carrying Loads of it to divers Soap-Houfei at 
i'le diftance, where being mix'd with Oil, and both boil\l toge- 
'it for fevera) days, ic becomes a: bll an exceJI-int fort erf So.p. 


h 'f 



' ;f| 

h: i 





7V/;/y in y/y/^. 



(2.) Nigli to Sn.yrJia nre x\\t I fllgifi of a Ponftt Circ:is ami Tib ,, 
and thtre;^bours is ficqnenrly t(jur)d VMritry oi Ror/./tn Medals. 
Aboiir 2 e :fic clc«ys Journy L.'W fVoni .^w>r«^,3>e l(Ji:;cKcni .ms ofi 
ancient '//:»;■ iir/r^, as appeais ft(^m 10 (m i2 remai k;»h)c Inlcnpti 
ftill to be Iccn (for which vid ^' I e^ier's Ira -f/s fiom ; ^r^ .0 ro 2 
anfl therefore 7)rt'f^ (a linall V'illtge 20 jMiJes S(.uth cf £pir, 
h f.ilfly taken for it by the ii;noranj Greeks* (4 ) At S ylaja , f 


m in 

<i?7aj iire no 

blc K 


cDians <'.t- AntKjuiry^pi.iticulctrly ;i nj 
nifict-nt Tcmp.''j ofMublc-, built m Honour ot ^ugyjlns ' rCr,- 
the GodiJch ot i-ojo*", hs appears froTi an IiiTcription on the I-i 
•\vh'c': is ftill inrire:. Here <i][\) is a ftitely (.olumn, call'd rhe Y 

ft If. 

lubleof t 

u^^h the 
'him of 

^h refidetl 
iihlia ; ) 
nonly at , 


of A'er.tvidtr. wirh 2 liitic curious 1 




uncerrain for v, 

ifl'i dl Ro 

or by wiioin elected. (>J At Ephcfus (now call'd yijt Sa!oveh\ 

Turks) are yer ro be fccn ibmc jjicicMt Chnflian Chuiches, pain 

Jarly tl'.iC of Sr. /c/;«, the t ntireft of 'em all, and now converted: 

a Mnkoinvtan Mo'cjuc : as alio the ' c/hgia of:i Kowan '?/>ppjithcatre,C 

and qiicdufi, to<;t-rlier with ;! large ileap of iKtv-iy Ruins, gencial 

reckon d thofe of the (oncej inai;i.iliccnt Temple of D/Vi»<!»,rlif ^r 

GoJJcfs of rhe I phijian^. ( .) At Laodice-l { by rhe Tu k , E.'.ki^ 

"U'hich is utterly foriaken of M n, and now the habitation of 

lieafis) are Hill thiw Theatres of w;iire Marble, and a l^-itBlu chief 

Circus, all lb entire a^ ver, fh-r fh>. y would ft.<.m ro be only oi ar 

dern D..te {-u) Ar5^'- is (i\v the 7«r(';Sjrr, ov Sjrds^ now;* little 

fly bengarly \''illai;c, t!io' once the Royal Seat of rich K. trains) 

the Remdr.s of Ibme ffarcly ancienr Architediiure, with fcveral 

perftft Infcriptions. (S ) At I rrganms (which ftill retains theNi 

<r>f Perga fo^ and is oblcrvable for brini; the place where Parclim( 

was tlrll inventedy are rhe Ruins of rhe Palace cf the A ■lick Kml 

Here is alio the ancient Chnflian Church of oanHa Soph a, t]0\v c^Jcedort^ 

verted inro a M.fkoynetan Mclque. As fir Philadelph a, tiic laft 





rhe famous Seven Churches of yiljia (now calfd by rhe 'lurks^ Al 
Sih)r^ ;■ e. Tkc C ty of God ) 'tis icmn? kable for nothing fo much] 
the copJlder.ible nuoiber of Chnflians dwelling in itj they amoi 
ting to two Thoufand, and upwards* 

$irn)!;icIjppM-CkJ. 5cc ] The Strife of Chriflianlry belnfj vevy dspl 
rable rhrpuf^h mof} pairs (d'the OttoTran Dominions, and nor orj 
the chief Lcc!e(riO-!cks of the ChriOian C'hurclics (^■;>., raTiarcl 
Archbiihop?^ and Difiiop ) bur alio their very Secsbeinjw fieqiirnl 
alter'd according as their Tyrannical Mafl-cr, the 7«ri{:,prcpolcrh .'j 
vanti'ge by ^azh Alterations ; and whereas a great marvy Titul: 
fhop«, Vea, Archbilhops, and ibme Patriarchs re often created 5 ij 
equally vain to expe8-,as impoflible to give an exatt Lilt of all chc 
cichaflical Dignities in tliofc Parts, whether real or nominal Ltij 
cheiefore fuffice ( once for all ) to fubjoin in this place the mofl 

I Enemies 
ltd by the 
iof theMi 
[rsof the 1 
fd for tha 
ritle of U 



Turky in AJial 

23 T 

^^ lie of the ChriHiati Ecclefiafticks through alJ Parts of the AfiAtkl:^ 
'[nfricanTurky ; Hill referring the Reader ro the fame as he travellcth 
u;h the various Parts of this vaft Empire. Tlicfc Ecclcfiafticks 
yntnarcksy Archbi/Jjopf, and Bipsops, The chief Patriart hs (be- 
him of Ci^nflartimpl^y already mentioned in Europe) are thofe of 
ilcm, Alcxjudriiiy and Antioch ; a^ alfo two Armeuiatji (one of 


threlidethat Ecmeafan, a Monaftery in Geor£/<x, and the other at 
piulia •, ) and laftly, one Neftomn, whole Place of Refideuce is 
nonly at Moful in Diarbecfi, 

chief Archbtfliops ( together with the European ) are thofe 


\i^'li d't Romania^ 















lie chief of the many Bifhopricks (befidcs the Europ'!,ir) arc thof^ 



Nova C£farea, 







S, John UAcre, 

Bnibctfities/J As for Vnlverfitks in this Country, the7«>i(:i arc 
(Enemies to 'Letters in general, that they not only defpife all hu- 
iLiterature, or acquired Knowledge, but the very Art of Printing 
[inofteffe^ual means of communicating Knowledge) is exprefly in- 
Rd by their Law ^ fo that the Reader muft not expert to find the 
iof the Mufes among them. It's true, the Jefuits, and fome other 
|rsof the Roman Church, (where eflablilVd in thefe Countries) do 
[lyinftruftthe Children of Chriftian Parents in fome pubiick Halls 
ed for that purpofe ; but thefe fmall Nurferies of Learning are ib 
lifiderable, that they dcfcrve not the Name of Colleges, much lefs 
Title of Univerfities. 

pncrc,n The Inhabitants of this large Country being chiefly 
fM Greeks J a particular Charaflcr of *cm both h already given in 

{< ; !^l 

) - *l 

' "i-i 't-y* '! 

'-' "M'A t'- Is 

■ mi 


2^2 Turky in 4ft a. 

Hurnpe, when treating o£ Greece and the Danubian Provinces, to wlvj 
refer the Reader. 


ILatuxu-ige/l The prevailing language*- in this Country, are the 
1^///; and Vulvar Greel:, a Specimei' jf which is already given when J 
in^ ol Turh) in Europe* 

(Bobcrnmcitt.] This lar^e Country being intircly fubjeft to the 
vy Eurrhen of the (9;fo?;ii?i Yoke, is govern'd by Four Beglertegsm 
crdina.i n CO the Gr^m(/.S/^;iJr)r ^ the fird of rhem refideth at oA 
abcut thirty Leagues from Byrfa ; the fccond at Cogni^ formerly 
urn., the third atAmafta, m the Province of the fame Name; juj 
laft at Marjt, the Principal City of Aludulta* 

^rmoil See Tutl^j In Europe^ page 194. 

IRcllgion*! The eflablifh'd Reh'gion of this Country, is vhatcfi 
hnwctanii'm ^ but Perfons of al/ ProfciTions being r derated in 
Parts, as elfewhere throu,g,h the Turl^^'ifl) Dominions, here are 
Multitudes of CkrWidns (particularly OreeJ^sJ and thofe r 1 all 
as Armenians^ Jacobites^ Afaronhes, Kejhrians , Mckbttei\ lxc, an 
termixt with thcfe is a confidrrable Number of Jews. Chriilumf 
planted betimes in this part of the World, and th2 bv the I'ruc 
and Writinj^s of the Infpir'd ApofUes, efpecially Sr. John the Dy 
here being the Seven famous Churches to which iie wrote, ;/>, j 
nf FphtfiHj Sm)uUj lh):itirj^ Laodicea^ Fcrg-VftWy rhlLuiclil:b\ 


§:. ARABIA. 

^i^am'Ctj A RAh'i.1 [known formerly by the fime Name : andi 
./V Bounded on the Kail by the Arabutn Gulf, and pj( Arah'i'iw ; on the Well by the RcdSea ; on tiie N.orth jV 
j'.'m and S\)ia propria, and on the S uth by part of the main 0\ 
ii tcrmd hv rlie/r»j//.rnjT.nd Spumurcls^ Arabia^ by the French^ a\ 
hy \\\Q(jC)tm'vs, Arabicn \ and by \hc Ergitfh^ Arabia:, whyfoi 
is not iiillv avTced upon among Authors; but the realonof the vi 
Appcllat.jnb oi its three Farts, |_i/^. Deferta^ Petr£a^ an^^ Ftli 
mod evident, t.'icy being f.> lerm'd from the Nature of thci refp 

"Sl'ir/J The Air of the Two Ninhern Arabiai is very hot durini 
Summer, (the Heavenr, beinj^ fcldom or never ovcrcaft vsith ClJ 
bur ia iluc tov,',irdi the 5'uutii 'lis much moic temperate, being ""-j 

Turky in ^/ia. 


yifi'd by refrefhing Dews which fall almofl every Night in ^'•eac 
We. The oppofite Place of the Globe to thefe Counrrics, isthac 

■{ tlicPacifick Ocean between 245 and 27$ Degrees of longitude, 

:;and 31 Degrees of South Latitude. 

oil,] The very Name of thefe Three ArahtcC<> (they lyinj^ in the 
ji. and 4*'' North Climate) do fufficiently declare the'-Naturc cf 
['5j/; the Northern being extremely barren, one enrumbrcd with 
,^ib'e Rocks, and the other overfpread with vaft Moiinrainsof Sand, 
jfSourhem fdeferved!^- tcrnVd Fn?//.t) is of an excellent Soil, be- 
nordinarv fertil in many Places. The longell Day in the North- 
part of thefe Countries, is about 14 Hours i the fliorteft in the 
koft, II Hours and a quarter-, and the Nights proportionably. 

LmoDittCS*] The chief Commodities of thefe Countries, efpccia/- 
L*fifa?//ac, are Coral, Pearl, Onyx Stones, Balm, Myrrh, Inccnfc, 
CafTia, Manna, and fcveral other DrUj^s and Spices. 

bntiCS*] In Arahia, Petrjia is the noted Moiniiin of Sin.u ^ 

jH'd by the Arabians O:bol Afoufa^ i, e. The Mouvtajn rf Mofes) 

i\ch were many Chapels and Cells, poliefs'd by the Orrc[' and 

iM^nt^s; fcveral of which are ftill remaining with a G'rdpn ad- 

|i£ to e-'ch of cm. At the Foot of the Mountain in a p!f?aranr 

nt, from whence th.Te was formerly a way up to the T>p by one 

[jodtnur hundred Step?, cutoutr-f the firm IV^ck, at the Ci.argc 

Ireftion of the Vrrcuous Helena^ ' Murhcrof (>n(\arfinci\\t Trrar) 

kirks of which Srtps ar'* vi.lbit to this very Day. rr.e Relij^'ious 

Irtfidifig, pretend to (li'."'.v Pi!.:,rim;i the vc^ry I'iace w'-cre Mjcs 

ri Forty Djvs, during liis abode on r!ie Mount, .;nd wlier;* he 

Id the Tables of riK' Law, ant' dcflred to Ire the K';'C ct r- c?, 

Ia: Medina in yirubii hxlix, is a llately M Ict'C, f ipporrcd l)y 

fiundred Pillars, anJ fumifh'd with Three h,undrcd .»ilver Lamps, 

i!.d by the T';v>'^^, Ahs a Ijlhi^ l: Moft JJj/y : becautc m it lies 

cSn of their Greac Prophet < its han-'iir; 'n rr,c Air by two Load- 

xm a mere Pable) i ivti'd ovf r * Cloib of Gold, under 

cp\ ot Cloth ot Silver ruruillvtmbi red, ^^flich r'f h,?)/.* of 

s bound to r^ncw yciriv 'v the Gran . "Jor'sO-'' (-;.) Ar 

in the fame Arabia. ( tr^ Lir^t- place 01 MJyomv j fur^ifh 

|f, fu^iuriouj^ that 'ti:,acf >nied i;y mmy, the luielielf of any 

World. Itiloftv Hoof 'jein,^ r Jib d in lafiiion of a Uome, with 

Utiful Towers 01 exrracrilinary Htyht and Arcl.itcrture, makt- 

lid Shew at the firfi \\>\>f^xdi.(:, and arc all confj i( uous at j 

iliicce. The Mo(c;ue is Uid to have above an Fiundred Gate?, 

jWmdowovcr ea* n f»f cm-, and within 'tis ad(rnd with Ta- 

iiid Gildingi fMraorduiary The numbcj- ol Iril^nins who 

U .4 yearly 





P !l 


ITS' ?f' '1^ (•■ 
ill: ! 





284 ^^^^^J' in -^^^^' Part 

yearly vidt this place is almoft incredible ^ every Muffnlman being oi 
by his Religion to come hither once in his Life-time, or to fend 4, 
puty for him. (4.) The Country about ZibiP in Arabia Fel'tx (w| 
many reckon to be the fame with the Ancient Saba or Sabaa^ s^ 
Sheba^ mcnuoned in i Kings 10. and Matth. 12.) isflill famous foi 
beft Frai)k}f^cenje in the World, which grows hereabouts in gre] 
bundancc ^bciides good plenty of Balfom^ Myrth^ Cajia, and A 
with leveral other Drugs and Spices. 

3(trcl)biil3OpzicK0, &:c.] Archb'ijlopricJ^s ^^ Bifljopul^t^ Wvirji 
See Natoiia. 

^anncva. ] The Arabs (great Proficients of old in Mathcml 
Sciences) arc now an ignorant, treacherous and barbarous kind off 
pic. The better and mare innocent fort of *em live in Tents, and 
ploy their time in feeding their Flocks, removing from place to 
according to the conveniency of Grazing-, but the greater part 01 
are idle Vagabonds, and fo extremely given to Robbing, that ml 
the f'ublick Roads in the /l/z^r/cilS: iHrk)^ are pitifully pertcr'd with) 
they travelling commonly in confidcrable Troops, ( headed by o{ 
their number, whom they own as Captain) and aifaulting the Carj 
as they pafb and repafs the Mountains. Thofc near Mi^fcat in 
.f^lix, are abfolutely the belt of the whole C(>un cry, being geaj 
rhaiac'teriz d a People of a very civil and honcit iJeportment towjif 
forts oi Per Ions. 

'ilanS"'^5C • ^^^c Vulgar Language in the Throe AYah'uCi, is the 
hefque^ OTcoiXix\>tArabhw, which is not only ulcd here, but (wij 
jriaiion oi DialciU is fpokcn over a great part of the FaRcrnCuj 
As for the Ancient, Pure, and Grammatical Arabian, 'tis now Ic-iii 
Scho'il, (as EM^o/eunj- do Gretk and Lath) and is chicMy usd A 
Mahometans in their Rsligious Service. 

(I&'o^frumciuO The various Parts of this vafl and fparious 
try, ac knowledge Si^bjeftion to various Sovereigns, and fometonj 
all. Divers forts of People in thcfe Countries are willingly fub'a 
to, and rul'd by fcveraJ Bf^lerbegs lefiding among them by the I 
/^pp Hirir.enr of the Grand Signior-, others are govcrn'd by thti 
indt pendent Kings or I'jince?, the chief of whom are thole of /. 
,/V..j/ ' and Anunyrtldln • and fomc others do yield Obedience 
taiM X(rif> or Chief Governors, (who arc only Tributary to the 
7i<r(: ; the m ^\ honourable of cJiem is he at M'cca^ \\\\o is ot til 
fttri V ot Mihmct, but latei>' in Rebellion againl^ his Mailer. J 
thefo, hv-.'re.irc. leveral forts of People who live altogether freely, I 
iu^ !5iubjcttiua 10 any j tlie chief of whom are the Bcn^cbra^ ^i 

IrtlL Turkji in AJJa, 285 

fj'fjinf^ who refide moftly in Mountains, and .re much imploy'd 
l;bbi:'g» efpeciaily the Bedu'ws, they ufually travelling in great num- 
iear Meccd, on purpofe to aitault the Pilgrims in their way thither, 
are always neceffitated to fend valuable Pfcfents to tlic Xcnf ol 
Flice, that he. may order Ibme of his Troops to mcec the various 
iv3n5, and defend tliem againft all Attempts. 

Ls,] For ArmSj fee the En/igns Armorial of the Grand Signior,' 

5:lig?ioi1.3 Many of the wild Arabs know nothing of Rd'igioii^ h. 
kefo many Savage Beafls hunting after their Prey, and frcqufnc- 

;;vcuring one another. But the more fober fort of cm profefs the 
^rntoi Mahtmty that Grand Impoftor, and Native of t!;eir own 
t;ry. The principal Points of which Doftrinc may be fcen, page 
f to which I remit the Reader. This Country was formerly illumi- 
\i wich the Light of the BlclTcd Gofpel, having received the fame 
p Apoilolick Age. 

§3. STRIA, IhyXhQTurh^SnyiJ^c.n. 

(Okia SyrU comprehends SpU^ properly fo caiPd- (2.) Phxnu 
\ act or Phrnke. (i,.) Palejliue or Jiuist. Thefe Divifions of 
(efpeciaily thefirfl and laft) being rtmarkabic Counrrlcb, ^omc- 
|i:of each of them dillinftly and in their Order. Tiietcfore^ 

Syria, proferly fo calWl 

pitc.j -r^HI^ Country ["knovn fcrmeily by the fame Mame of 
] S)r'ia^ bur dilTienr ui Extent, being no.v Bo\indcd on 
lEafi '>y Uitrb'cli , on the Welt by part oi the MeMtcrrarhwi Sea . 
J:rN 'ifh by f^meof i^atolia-., ancf on the South by Atab}.i De,'erta] 
hmd by ti.'p Italians, Sr.ut j by the iip.whircff^ Ssria , by the 
p, SoarJe ; by t\£ (Jomans^ f>)r\cu , JJid by the f'Uf^lifh^ S^riu , 
I'^vhv lo ralrd/:; aiuili contiovirttd among cur modern Cricirks, 
little (hew of prob.iliility for the Tiiuh of their various OiMiuons 
I' ucr hdQd. 

^'.r.] The Ah of ih.i? Conorry is pure and fcrcnc, the Sky bang 

•ij i.vcrcaft with Clouds, and itt mol^ paits very hcaltnli:! to 

•fiie in , only in the Month? of Jure^ July^ /Mj^N/f, 'tis cvtr.?or« 

^rv hot, if 11 prove cirhcr Calm, or a grnric U ind from the Dc- 

t)u!; '.IE 1 rcp.K(d Miracle ot Providence") thclc Months arc ge 

LI -^ ii?;rjily. 





!• it 1 



M' ' 


Tiirh in Jljh. 

nerally ^-'^nd^d vvkn cool Wcflcrly Cicczes from rlie .V^c^/Ve^^J 
Tiie oppop/e plicc of tlic Globe '"o Syvi^t^ is thar rait of rhe vaft 1 
■fid: Ocean, bcuvc^ri i -jo jnd 2«;4 Dt^rees oi Longitude, with ^^l 
9 3 Degrees of SouJi I.atiiudc. 

^Oi't/] The .9-/7 of tills Country (it lying in part of the 5^n| 
6''' N irrh Ciimatc) i,scytraurJui.r.v fcriil, where duly -^lanur'd pr 
cinp, ni {\ Ions ot Grain and Fruits in great abundance. Hcrearl 
dcC'^ kvcf.i! P^:!' V and barren Mountains, yet no Country itithe\\ 
can boaR of rnjrc plealant, large, aad lertil Plains ihan this j Plaio 
IulIi a fac and tender Soil, thiir the I'calaiKs, in many places, dj 
'em lip with wooden Culters , and that commonly by the Affiftjnc 
one Horfe or two Bullocks, todraw the Plou;h. Eur the Ecau:y| 
Excellqiicy of ti\is Country i^ mightily eciips'd by various, fad and) 
lancholy Objedis, that pre fent thenifelvcs to the E\c rf the Travfl 
1^/:^. Many Cities, Towns and Village*, formerly well llockc vvi:h 
bitanrs, and compirtly built, but now quite depopulated and hj 
Ruins ; as alfo many Ancient Chriftian Churches, once very fplendi 
magnificent Scrurturcs, but now mere heaps oi Rubbi(h, and the 
nary Refidence of Wild Ecafts. 

^Quji'jue ipfe miferrlma lUt, 

The longeft Day in the Northmoft Part of this Counrrv, is ab^uj 
Hours and an half-, the fhortelf in the Southmofi is 9 Hours and i 
quarters, and the Nights proporti onably. Here it may not be imprj 
to rettific a grofs Miftake of our m'^dcrn Geographers, who rreann| 
6>r/.i, make the River of Aleppo i^as i. ey call it; to fall intj the £«; 
tcs, and lilcrt it to be NavinalJe up to the City; whereas it 1-wt: 
Comiiiunicaiion vvirli F.phr.tts it all, but is (aim: ft; of a ouue 
trary Coiiifc ro tha: in the Ma, s, and fo far from b:ing a Navi^ab'ei 
vcr, that f:s little beirer il'.i;i 4 incrc Erook ^ c- at belt, buta vcj 
rcjnliderablc Uivi:lcc, h iving irs rilea ii'cle way South Kail from /l.'.j 
and plidiug gently niong by the City, fjlcch it lelf under Ground 
few Miles difcaiicc on the other 

Com!UO"DitlCS. J The chief C<iiirrrdHks oi this Counrrv, dyA 
l!iofe of /^icppo, (vvhii.h is the fecond City in the Turk'jh £m inA 
* rje t)t ilic grcateft Tiade of any in the LevAvt^ bein^:; the Ccntrl 
Cnnmerrc baween ilic MaiitcYidncr.ii -^wdi rhc J'.t\]-hu'i:s, as alio 
iicat ot one ol the mofl tlourilhing of ^11 our I-'ngH/h fait ^rics jbrd 
aic Silks, Chamlets, Valanerd, Galnuts; Cociun, Moluirs, Sup, Ctj 
J^'welsj S] iccsj and Drugs cf all Icrts^ ^"c. 


It If. 

Tiirkj' in /fa* 



itiC6«] About fix days Journey. S. S. F. from Alcpi\ h the 
a-?^lm)raor Tadmor^ now wholly I** ^ m^-^ \c furh Remains of 
f.Fcrphyry IMIIars and remarkable Infcriptions, arc ^'i'' "xtant, as 
I f.r:ly evince its former State and Mdgnificencc. hor .irrjcu- 
fU'ju^htand Defcripiion of ir. Vlie Pb'tl. Tran[all. N^ 217, ii 3. 
ibcut one Hour's Riding from the a^orcfaid Tad?mi\ is a large 
ifv of Salt, which i'., more probably thought to be that mention'd 
fff, 2. 15. (where King D^zi;/i fmore the Syr'unsJ than the other 
F; ur Hours from Aleppo, though ccmmonly taken for fuch. 
On the fide of a Hiil, nigh to Aleppo^ is a Cave or Grotto, re- 
ble among the Twr^j, for being (as they fay) the Refidence of 
j;;)/!/; For feme Days j where is alfo the rouj;h ImincfTion of a 
in (he hard Rock, which they believe was made hy him. (4.) 
bone of the Gjccs of Aleppo^ is a Place for which the Th)\s have 
[tit veneratit n, keeping Lamps continually burning in ir, becaufe 
:;ding to 2 receivd fiadition among 'cm ) the Proplict El'ij})a did 
[rcrc for fome lime. (5.) In the Wall of a M (que in the Sub- 
sit Aleppo, is 1 Sroiie of 1 .vo or riiree Foot Iqiiarf. which is won- 
|i^'!yrep,ardfd by the moic fupcrfiifi-^us f^icct Chriduns , becaufe 
sa natural (but obfcure ■ Ucfcmblancc of a Ch-ilicc, envirf^ifd 
ivere) with iome faint Rays of Liahr.. Such ftrange Apprelitii- 
do the /v^woi//?j in thcfe Parts entertain concerning this Scone, 
|;tTthe Turchafe of it vail Sums <'f Money have b-.'en proftrd by 
CO [he Turi^f; but as grolb Superflition in the former did hatch 
t'ropofal, fo the fame in the latter piodiic'd the Reful'al, the lurl^s 
h inexorable when requcflcd to fell or give rhar, which was once 
(ijcred as to become th.e conlticuentpart ot a Mofque. . 6.) Belong- 
to the Jacobite i'atriarch in Aleppo, are Two l:iir MSS. of the 
Ipds, written on large Parchment fhcets in Syrian Ch -rarters, (and 
lleeithcr Gold or Silver) with variety of curious Miniature. (7.) 
keen /i/ef/'O an'^ ^IcxurJretta, (or '^CinJero^n) are the goocHy Ruins 
icvcral fracc'y Chrtft'Lin ^-hurches, 1 ; h variety of SiGDC-CofTir.- Ivin^^ 
-.'^Toundin divers Places, and manv Rcpoftcrirs for the Dead 
Rtii out of the firm Rock-, but no pcrfctit Ir.jcriplions to be Icen, 
ig actually made a particular fearcli for tlu m my fclf feme Years 
(8.) in the large Plain of ^l/'/'/oc/;, 1 being Fifteen Leagues long, 
I Three broad) is a f)attly Cawfey croifing almnll the breadtii cf 
li'iin, and pafTmg over leveral Arches, [under which lomc plea- 
|;Kivu!ets do gi.n. ::;liden all which wa;- begun an ■ finiQi'd in Six 
fnthstime, bv the C/^./m/ <'///fr, in the Rcigri oi Ai-rnot^ ind thac 
i iVccdy Pillage « f the Grand 6/^n/or's Forces t<' lupprefs the trc- 
trulu'volr- in the Eallcrn parts of his Empire, t p.) in fcverai Ca- 
\i^ ct Rocl.a among £^;/.;>ufMountains (a tew Hours f r«Mri Srjrder(.on) 
:T.ccimes found '^< od ftore ol Rain-Waici con\plc4tly /^fO'/iV by 

LI I |h« 



» t 

air .^' 

frV,' < ! 



J) ■ 


^g.g Tx/rfey in 4fia: 

ithe excenivG Heat of the Sun-Beams.^ (lo.) Nigh to the Faftory] 
rinc ;{i Scmderoon isa large (bucunfinifh'd) Building, commonly J 
;!>canderberg\Caftle\ being vulgarly fuppos'd to have been ereOed by j 
valiant l^rince of Albania, in the Career of his Fortune agaitill therwi 
but 'tis more probably thought to be of an ancienter Date, having tu 
on the Arms of Godfrey of BnUoign. Laftty^ In the Ealtmoft pa] 
Scandercon-Bay, is a ruinous old Building, known commonly by the U 
of Jonuh'sFULir, ereftcd (as the modern Cr^d:/ aliedge ) in that 
place where the Whale did vomit him forth. It's indeed much 
not utidefcrvedly) doubted, whether that Monument wasereOedtl 
upon fuch anOccafion; but 'tis highly probable that this individual 
of the Bay was the very Vlace of the Whale's Delivery, it being 
nearcft to I'ineveh of any in the Levant, Which Conjerture, I hui; 
fuppofe, is fomewhat more reafonable than that of fome dreaming 
cients, who vainly '.magin'd that the monftrous Filh did morethanl 
round one Quarter of the World in the fpace of Seventy two Ho J 
mofl \ and that too when big with Child. 

^rcl)bifl30piicUSj &c.] Archbiflioprkks, Btfl)0prkksj Vnivtrji\ 
See Nutolij. 

£^amtcrfi/] The Inhabitants of this Country are moflfyT«r('ii 
Gree\s^ [whole refped^ive Characters are already given in Turl^)!}f 
rope^ page 1 8(5 and 19^.] asalfo many Jew/ and Awe«/\rn^, withoB 
jTorts of Chriflians iiitcrmixt, of whom the Reader may find fomci 
count toward? the latter part oi this Sedtion, when we come to trcj 
i^alejimc and the Euphratian Provinces, 

ILansuagc] The chief Language of this Country, U the Turl^^ifJjj 
a Specimen of which, 'vide page ip^.) the ancient Syrtac being Ion 
mong 'em. The various Europeans here refiding do commonly ufe| 
Lingua Franca. 

(IB^otJcnimcnt. J This Country being fubjeft unto, and fucceif.^ 
I'ul'd by the Scleucidj:^ the Romans, the Saracens, the Chrilfi.uu, 
^Miltans of E.gypt, was at laft conqucr'd by the T«>(:j' in the tim! 
Selimus I. Anno 1517. under whofe heavy Yoke it hJth ever 1I 
^roan'd, and is at prcfent govern 'd by its particular Bajj'a^ apprii 
hy the Grand Signinr, whole place ot Relidencc is ordinarily at Ali 
tlie principal City of this Province, and thought to be the /^rrf;w5J 
mention d in Holy Scripture, But the whole Country of Syria [acoi 
j,ng to its modern F.xtcnt] is fubjcrt to Three Bjffas .; the firlUl 
iTionly refiding (as atorelaid) n Aleppo; the fecond at DaTn/>/ii> 
yhyfiice-, and the third at Jipoli of Syria, Subordinate to cacd 
r';c(c liMjai^ both here and in other Parts of the Ottoman U'^n;! 

y\L Turkym AJi:U 289 

{Various Cad]\ or Judge?, who hear and dcrcrniinc tlie fevrrjl Cau- 
whechcr Civil cr Criminal , which at any t:mc happen bcrwcen 
jand Man. And here I can'r omit one particular, ('which as 'ris a 
jchty difparagenienc to this People, fo I wilh 'twere peculiar to them) 
K their Mrcenary Dijh'ibution of Jnflke •, for not alwavs the Equity of 
■ Ciuie, but the Liberality of the Party does ordinarily dcrcrmine'rhe 
Ijrier: As fomc of our Erglifl} Faitories in thtfe pairs of die World 
ive csperienc'd more than once. 

bitmsO See the Enfigns Armorial of the CrAnd Sigr.'ior, pa^c 194. 

llSdigion.] The Eftablifh'd Relighn of this Country, is tliat of Ma- 
mtirffm •, the Elfential Tenets of which are already fct down, Cpjg: 
L) to which I remit the Reader. But fmce one thing eninjn'd by 
!it Religion is the moft excellent and ncccflary Duty of Fruyer^ I 
DC omit one laudable Praftice of this People in chat Point , I mean 
tonly their inimitable frequency in performing this Duty, (wiiich is 
[it times a Day J but alfo their moft commendable fervency and feri- 
ilkfs in the performance of ic. For whenever they fee al^nut the 
J,ie, they addrefs themfelves to the Almighty with all profound Rc- 
<ftand Reverence imaginable, and in the humbleft Poflurc they can ; 
fiecimes ftanding, often kneeling, and frequently prcflrating rhem- 
|iv« on the Ground, and kiffing the fame-, and during the whole 
Wormance, their verv countenance dr th plainly declare the inward 
rrvcurand Devotion of their Mind. Yea, fo exaft and pun^ual are 
[ryin obferving the various Hours appointed for Prayer, and fj fcri- 
ind devout in performing that Duty, that the generality of wy 
yXms have too good Rea Ion (in both thcfc Rcrpe<!ls) to fay with 
jit Poet, Pudet kdc ofprobria mb'is^ &c. Ihc Mucians ox MitYdhHwds^ 
ting thofe Perfons who call the People to lYaycr?) ufe commonly 
kfe words, Allah ekber^ allab clibcr^ allab el^^l'ci \ ejcbidQu in la illah 
\\hh • /;/ die [alia, hi alle [alia, alia e^f^er^ alUh el^her^ allah cl^bcr^ 
lil/rf, ilUlah^ i. e. *' God is great, God h great, Gcd is great •, give 
iTenimcny that there is but one God: Come, yield ycur Iclvrs 
ip to his Mercy, and pray him to forgive you ycur Sins. G d 
isgrear, God is great, God is great, there is none otlic-rGnd hue 
JOod. Difpers'd over all this Country, and intcrmixt with the Tuil-i\ 
|e nuny yewx, and various forts of Ch,i [Hans, particularly Grcclf, 
)nmAvs, Afannitefy &c. but mnll lamentj()lc is rhat State of thole 
(Indians at prcfenr, not only in refpcf'. of that wotul Ignorance 
dcr which they univerfaliy labour, and the Tur\ijh Slavery and 
jfolcnce to which thry are cxpos'd ; but alfo in point of thofe 
jlmal Hears and Divifions thofe numerous la^li^ns and Parties now 
Hong 'em: hor fo bitterly inveterate arc they againft one another, 
lucha hei^^Jit do their Animofincs Ircijucutly come •, as to give 


. i 4 

' ^'M 


' \y 

' fi'Plll 

"' 'i'il 

1 I 

'•'! i 




U'l {: 

290 Titrhy in Afia. ' V-\v\ 

frefh Occafinn to the Common Ent my, to harraf- rhem more md nr 
Chujilunity \\^% planrcd very early m tbefe parts of the World- 
of this Country being watered with the BlcjJ^d G(fpdm the Af,jl\ 

riduicia or Fl&nice, 



THIS Country fvcry famous of eld, but now of a vcrv fad 
melancholy Afpe^, and ^-roaning under the Tnrkijh Yoke; hi 
undergone fuch difma! Devaftations by the dcftroying /i.v'/)y ^ 4 
there's nothing now remarkable in ir^, jfave a few Ancient Muidl 
Cities, (m:)OIy in Kuios) which yet maintain fomething ot Tr-dc w 
Strangers, as particularly Damafcus^ (call'd by the Thvl^s^ ochjm) 
John d'Acre^ (formerly FtolemaitJ and U{\\y Sure and Said, which w 
the Ancient T)re and Sidon. Leaving therefore this dcfolace Cuuni 
we pafs 00 to 

Palejftne or JncUt, 

U^iamCf^TT* *^^ ■ '*^ Country [mofl m- morable in Holy S.riptiirc, 

JL f:jincrimes Itil'd Cav.i:iv Ir-'m (\;n.ian, tl t Sr>n ot Ci\i\ 
fometimes tiic J^uivi of Vrnmiji'^ b':rju(c pi ^•r.i^,'d to Al' and 
Seed ^ and forriCLimcs Jtid-HA, irm thelN'^t'Oii of the J'fn\\ or I'coJ 
of the Tribe o.i Jud.t^ and nv.v b undcd oi; the h\ift and Nirrh 
part of Syr] I propna ■, f n the Wdf by put of the A-feiitL'rr^ S^ 
and on theSvuh by Atabia /V^j? ] ;:■ rcrrm'd by the Jtidi.ns and VI 
nUrds, Palfdini., by tiic /'r.;/i;7j, i'Jejtmc-^ by the <'jt">-m.j«.f, Fu/di/j 
or dm Gelohte i.rJ \ by xhc Eiiglilh^ i\i'cf}ine or Ike linly iMid. 
calFd F.ilejline qu.ifi , hUiflint, from the Phtli.litis^ once a miihrv!^ 
tion therein ; and //o/; Z-inc/, h.':c:jufc 'twa? rhc Scei'ie of the i.itc 
Sufferings of ih'- ever bUjjcd and moil Ji)ly J^'f'-i^, the gloncub Rcd| 
jmcr of Men. 

31tt.] The An of this Country, ci'ccprintJ, th ofe Parrs adi.irrnr 
«he Lake of Sod m^ (of whirh after vards) is fo c^traordinarv pii 
fant, ftrene ^r,d licau-lilul ro breatfie i), that many of its p';M:n:(n'j 
bitants do fiCt^ii.-'nrfv arrive ro a coiiliiiaable A ;c The opp^dre i.'j 
ot the Globe tn i'.ilcJiUic^ is ihac part of tie valt raclficl^ Oiwan^ betuc 
54$ and 250 L'c^rccs of UnJ[u^c, wiih 2paud 32 Ue^rces uf S..i 

S)Oil*] This Country (Tiruared partly in the 4*'' and <i,'^'Soi 
Climate, and j\oc exceeding Icveoty Lc:4;^U'fs in iciu'.r.h from N:^ 


World •, tr. 
;he Ai'^ijii 

vers Tid 

Yoke; h 

Ardbi ^ c 

*nt Mi rid 

I: Trade w 

, which wi 
ace Cuun( 


i.\im jnd 
'.' , or \':o\ 
d N ;rrn 
rrav.cun ^ 
r.s and .S'l 

'^ /.';?('/. 
I mi ;hrv 
:'"ie i.itc 
)ncub Rcdj 

5 3(l),irrpr] 
•dii.arv fi: 
p-tM: r.r fiij 

Uir. T//r^ in /^^. 291 

Ljiiih, and thirty in breadth from Eaft to Wefl) was blefTed wich 
[jxtraordioary rich and fertile .Sj/7, producing all thinps in fuch abun- 
hce, that the Scripture terms it a Land flowing with Mill^ ^ind Honey ; 
f) wonderful was the Fertiliiy thereof, and fuch vail mulciitdcs of 
Kp'e did it maintain, that King />ui7c]^ numbred in his rime, no lAs 
l;i I ROCOCO fighting Men, bdiJts the Tribes of Levi and I' fijt- 
Y But alas 1 Such were the crying Sins ot irs Inhabitants, tliari; not 
I, fpcwd them or.t, nr. it bad doner th)'e w'lod'.vcit before: tlum- 
tdit.' Almit^hry being highlv prov' ked by their many and re p jr.- ^ 
[oininations, hath turti'd that fuitful Land into haricrr.:fi\ fir the n /, (^- 
i>]r,f them Yf ho dwelt therein. For fich is the dilmal Siare ^-f ri,is 
Ltry at prefent, that (befides the TurkW^ Yol<e, under wlii^h ic 
lies) the greateft part thcreotis not only laid walte, bu: even w! crq 
Ivmaniir'd, 'tis generally nbferv'd, that the Soil is not near To fertile 
jijfmerly. The longeft Day in the NorthmoA part of this Country, 
lii)Ouc 14 Hours and a quarter ^ the fliorteff in the Southmod, is abouc 
[Hours j and the Night proportionably. 

fommoDtticsO Such is the mean and depauperated Siarc of this 
Mcry at prefent, that we may now reckon it deflirute ofallCow- 
iitm for the Merchant ^ its Jnhabicants, now-a days, being mere 
jngers to all manner of Commerce. In irs rlouriflning Condition, 
liier the Kings of Judah and Ijraclj the People thereof did indeed 
oage a very confiderabie Trade abroad, and that chietly by the two 
ms Emporiums of T\rc and S)dn abovc-nieiuiond, bendL. the Ships 
Ihrfl.'ifh, which Solotmn fent yearly to the I and of Ophir • and fo 
;ed were thefe two maritime Cities of old for Merchandizing, that 

Evangelical Prophet, Jfai^h 2?. 8. denouncing the O.erihrow of 
K alls n The Crowning fwVy, whoje Alcn-hants an- I'rinces, andwhofe 
<fil(i>rs are the Honour able of the Earth : And, I'er'e ;. he tcrme th 
tii;r,', a Mart of Natiom. E\ii(o fully accompli HVd is the Pioph:^:icaI 
ounciacion againlf 'cm both, and fo low and d^lp'cable is their 
",di:i~n at prefent, that I hcartiiy wifh all tioutifhing Cities of 
ijtmm might be in wife, as feiioully to rcticfi on the fame^ 

to take linelv warning by them , tipcciaily confidering, that 


;il uf oitr ^'c'pulo's and '1 riding Cities, ;:re now fuch Dens of 
liquitv, that theii nhabitanrs may jufllv d'ead , Thu 'twill be m:)re.' 
h. lilt! for T)Ye and S)don in ti:c day rfjudg.r.crj^ thanfr them. 

"Cf^M.-t S.^'n/t-y, (lo term'ti 

^d ^" y 

IBiirittCS/] In the Southern Parrs of Falcfiive^ i^. /yphiUis or Af^ 

'){',', ^<7^^'a7©- , i. e. Bitumen ) tl'.at noted 
Ikc ;,f 7:/c/.^^t, where the a'f.mirable Ciiies of Sid^m aw^ G mirrah 
pitr!y Hood, otherwife calFd the Dead Sea^ :\r6 remark. '!)'e at pre- 
Bt for abundance of 5'ulphurcu'i Vapour? wh'cii U.IJ aictnj in fo 


i'} »'; I '1(1 

. \ 

it:*' \ 



• *> i < 





*. ' ' 

I'M '■' f 

Ti " ^i 
I I ^ 


, } 


^92 Tnrlcy in /^^/. p^^,.^ 

preat a meafure, chat no Eird is able to fly from one fide of the I 
to the other. Tis alfo obfervab!e for good ftore of Appier oxq^^-. 
retries Bank?, which appear very Jovcly to the Eye ; but bciiip tow 
and cut up, prove mere naughty being nothing clfe but a heap 
iiaufeous matter. {2 ) Nigh to the place of the Ancient ^^jiYept,t a 
many Caves and Apartments hewn cut of the firm Rock, \v!iich fod 
vainly^ine to have been the Habitation of Men in the G )lden Ai 
before Cities in thefe pares of the World were well known; But othc 
with grv-atcr fhcw of probability, take 'em for the Caves of the Si 
nians , mentioned in the Bock of JoJJma, unde the Name of Mcari 
(^.) Not far from the (once) norcd City of 7)rf, are fcvcral lar 
fquare Cirterns, which fliil go by the Name of Solomons amons 
Cliriftians oi' that Country ; but why fo call d, they can give no oil 
Reafon than bare Tradition. (4.) At St. John d'Acre (the Anci^ 
Ptdcm.i'is) are yet to be fcen the Ruins of a Palace, which ackiic 
ledgcth Kkhard I. King of Fngiir.d^ fr its Founder, and the Lii 
pafTant is Qill vifible upon feme of the Stones. ($,) On Mount Qr^ 
are fome Remains of a Monalicry of Carm^lhc Friars, with a Tenii 
dedicated to the ElefTcd Virgin , and under it is a private Cell or Caj 
which Travellers allerige to be the ancient refiding Place of the Prcji 
Eliaf. On the iame Mountain are found a great many Stones chat hi 
the lively Impreffion of Fiflics Bones upon 'em. As alfo abundance! 
pctrity'd Fruit , particulariy Plumbs, cr Stones of that rc(emb!an| 
(6.) Njt f-r from the Brook Cedron ilinds a part of thePillarot 
fil.m^ which he erected in his Life-time, out of an ardent Defire to] 
ternize his Name -, and nigh to ic, is a great heap of fmall Stones, uhi 
daily encreafeth, becaufe ciri;cr Jerv or Makowetan paiTing by, feld] 
fail CO thrjw one at the fame, and thatout of abhorrency of :he S" 
Rebellion againfl the Father. (7.) In the Mountains of J:lUI) ]\ 
remarkable Spring, where Philip is (aid to have baptized the Ef/;r;j 
Eunuch, whereupon tii call'd by the Name of The Ethiopian Fmt 
and hath a Church adjacent, ereftcd ('tis probable) cue of Dcvoci] 
in honour of the Place, and Memory of that Fait Yet (by the 
■f'.vould feem that this were not the place of the Ethiopian'^ Baptil 
becaufe thofe rocky and declining Mountains arc hardly paiiablc 
Horfeback, much Icis in a Chariot. (8.) Nigh to the afortfaid Fo 
tain is a confidcrable Cave, where 'tis reported, St. John the Bap 
did live from the fcvcnth Year of his Age, till he appear'd in the V 
dcrnefs of Jiidsa^ as the promis'd Elm^ (9.) At Bethlehem is 
goodly Temple of the Nativity, erefled by St. Helena^ (Mother of 
ilantine xhtQxcAi) who call'd it S^, Murfs of Bethlehem, *risnow 
fcfs'd by the Prancijcans oi' Jerufalem^ and is lUll intire, having lu 
Chapels and Altars, but thole little frequented, except it be upon 
traordinary Occafions. (10.) In the Mountains oi Juddta are the 
mains of au Auuent Church, built by Si. //elena, and dedicated 



irtlL Turky in AJia, 293 

Vhn the B^pt'tl^, and that In the phcc where Z.uhir\ the Proplicc 
JiWn. And nigh to it (where the BlelTed Virgin did viiu her Coulin 
f.x:dh) is a Grotto^ in which 'tisfaid, that the Eody of Elj:^abeth 

interr'd. (11.) Upon the left hand in going out of the City of 
pMiffy W f'^c G^te of j^oppa^ is Mount 5/on, on wliofe top are ftill 
[be fecn the Rains of the Torvcr of D.n'id^ which was once a Build- 

of wonderful Strength, and admirable Beauty. (12.3 Upon Mount 
,;;r; is the ftately Temple of the Holy Sepulchre^ built by the atore- 
lil virtuous Si, Helena^ and hitherto vifited by multitudes of Cliri- 
U3S, who fleck to it from all Parts of the World, cither out of De- 
im or Curiofity. It's divided into a vaft multitude of Aparrmenrs, 
:otaining many Chapels and Altars, which, for themoft part, receive 
fx Names from fome remarkable Circumftance of our Saviour's Paf- 
;a- befides thofe, peculiar to Chriftiansof ditfcrent Nations at Jerufn- 
)f, particularly the ^/)>^/if/, Armenunsy Georgians^ Cophtes^ Jacobites^ 
^jsmtes^ &:c. and at the entry of one of thofe Chapels is the Sepul- 
wtoiOodfrcy of Boulogn on one hand, and that of his Brother Baldwins 

the other. But LajUy, In and about Jernfalem (befides the Ob- 
nhks abovemention'd) arc thefc following Particulars, x/;^. a Mofque 
iM in the very place where once flood the Cocnaculum , the 
iurch of St. Savmr, and that of the Purification of the Blefied 
irgin, with her fplendid Sepulchre y all three built bv the incompa- 
iole St. Helena. Add to thefe the decent Tcmb of Zachary^ near 
liookCedron^ with the Sepulchre of Laz^arw, at the Town of B^^/^jfj/, 
lere likewifc are fhewn to Pilgrims all other noted Places in or 
iwutthe City, which are frequently mentioned in the Sacred Volume i 

M.unt Olivet y the Garden of Gethjemane, the Valleys of Jehfaphut 

id Oehi.inon, the Fool of Siloim, the Field of Bloody &c. They morc- 

er (hew em the Places where formerly flood the Palaces of Cui- 

i/, Pilate and Hcrodf with the Houfes of M.irtha and M^ry^ and 

taj the High Priefl; as alfb the particular Place where Si.Feter wepc 

ipon the denial of his Mailer, and where Judas the Tray tor hang d 

iimfelf for the betraying of hiim.^ And finally, The Pilgrims are on- 

ufted unto, and vifit the refpeftive Place of each particular Sc;:ne of 

)ur Saviour's Sufferings, with that of his Afcenfion at lafl. All which 

ire fully defcri bed by G. Sund)s, Tbevenot, and other later Travellers. 

bthc //j/> Land, To thcf:: Rarities oi Paleltine, I might alfo add thofe 

iJQy fcmarkable Creatures, (whether Bcafls, Birds, or bifhcs) that are- 

lention'd in Holy Writ, and formerly more plentiful than ar prcfent in 

Ms Country. But having drawn out this Paragraph already to fo great. 

I'ength, I ihall not venture upon fovall aSuhjedf-, remitiiny the Kca 

dcr to that incomparable Work of the Learned />^f/wr^/(/, t/c' Animu!iiiif\ 

^'iicripthn, where he may bv- hjliy fatisly'd in due matccr. 




P I 



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78 125 

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1-25 1.4 III 1.6 













WKbSTin NY. 14580 

(716) n72-4S03 









Tiirkj in /{/?//. 

Part IljPar 

^tCljWffjOtJMclJsO Ai for ArchbiJhoprkliSy Bifl}cpric\sy Vnmrfitks\ 
See Natolia, 

3 Cr( 



Janncrg,] The mountainous Parts of this Country are moflly 
polTefsM by the Arabs, (of whom in Arabia J the Valleys by the Mo')r!^ 
(of whom in Africa. J Other People here reiiding, are a few Juries, and 
n)iny Chr iff ians^ particularly Gr«(:x, (of whom in EnropeJ and inter- 
mij^t with all thcfe, are fume Jen?/, and of them here in particular. 
The Modern Jenps^ to fay nothing of 'em in former times, are gene^ 
rally Charafteris'd ihus, 1;/^. a Vagabond, Perfidious and Obftinate fortfr^^" 
of People i a People now living as mere Aliens, not only in mofl PartsW'^ " 
of the Earth, but alfo in this [once] their own Country \ a People inAW/'^ 
deed univerfally given to Trading whereever difpers'd , but as uni'li'i^i'e ] 
vcrfally addicted 10 Cozening and Ufury where-ever they find ocoJCouncr 
fion \ a People fo fingularly ftigmatizcd by Heaven, that (according to 
the Prophet's Prediftion) they're now become an AJ}omfl}ment and Hi;'^ 
fing to all Nations. In a word, The Modern Jevos (being extreme- 
ly blinded in Judgment, and pervcrfe in VVillj do not only remain 
moft obftinate in denying the Mcjfus already come, notwithfiand- 
ing the cleared Demonftraiion to the contrary -, but alfo they re a 
People that's univerfally corrupted in Morals ^ and that in the high-Rff^nc 
eft degree, the generality of 'cm being addiftcd to the blackefl ofBiowlci 


kir : 



i cheii 


Hattguagc.] This Country being under the Turk'ifl) Yoke, its In- 
habitants do generally ufc the Turkifl) Tongue. The various C/;nf?/.ir;l 
here refiding , (whether European or Afiatul^) do comcnonly fpeakPf ("'« 

ith afj 

thofe Languages, peculiar to the Countries to which they Original)] 

dDfotJCnimcnt*] How, and by whom this Country was govern'd,|eir La\ 
till it became a Roman Province, is beft learn'd from the Hiftorical PartP^fl re 
of the Sacred Volume, and the Writings of the noted Jevr'ijh Hiftoppli^i 
ri in, Jnfcphus. The Land of Palefline being brought under the RomnW^^ni:e\ 
Senate by Fompey the Great, continu'd fubjeit to that State till the bc-lpears, 
;ip ginning of the Seventh Century, when 'twas iavaded by the Pcrjlm^rnhk^ ; 

and afterv\ards made a Prev to the Saracens^ yet refcu'd from them byicc Sub 
the Chriflians, under Godfrey oi BmUorij Anr.) 1099. whole Succcf-itioiis t; 
fors I. eld it about eighty Years , but being taken from them by .9j/.u//flrs wit 
[King of .SVuand C.g)pt\ itremaiii'd lubieft to the tu///i.'j of C^kJ'^ f^of 
till conquer'd Ann') 1517. oy Sciimus the (\\{\^ Kmperor ot the 7'«r(;/,P of 2 r 
who fubjertcd the fame to tlic Ottoman Yoke, under which it groamp. who 
to this very Day, Porer '. 

"nk chat 


w."7 m 




y are mnftly 
by the A/oitJ 

3;nU5*') The Ami of the Chrifliao Kings rf Jernfjfem were Iftn^r, 

J Crois CrolTet crnffc^ ^o/, commonly call'd the Cfcfs of Jerufalem, 

Eucchis Country bcin^ now a pjrr (a* aforcfald) of the Ottman Do- 

:ni'n% is allotv'd no particular Arms ar pre>nr, and can only claim 

vi,v .r..-,-, ih.iroof the Enfigns Armorial of the Turkjfl) Empire in general. What 

jvv r«r^7, andf'^'^^ ^^^» ^^^ Twr^;- in £«rj/e, p. 194. 

in panicular.l JRcl^SJon*] The prcfenc Inhabitants of Pj/f^/V, are, in Point of 
les are penc-fr^'^'''"i reducible to three ClafTes, v/>. ChrijUans^ J^^^^ ^nd M>tho' 
Obftinate fortB'^^^^"-^- ^^^ chief Tenets cmbrac'd and maintain'd by the firft ancf 

in mod PartsW'^ "^ thcfe, may be leen in their proper places, when treating of 
• a People in*-'^'.''^"^'"" and 7/0(7 '^ Europe, As for the Jew j, [think no pljce 
' but as uni«l''''f^ proper to difcourfe of fheir ReHgion, than in this their Ancient 
i*eY find occ3«fr"nt'"y. Know therefore that the Modern Je^i , b >th here and 


-ing extreme--- j o . v - 0-0—: 

■ ^igethcr wich various I'rayers, which they perform with HrtlecT no ap- 

KiNHce of Devotion. Sacrifices they ule not fince the Dertrudtioa 
)f their Temple ;it Jerufilem. The chief Articles of their prefcnt Bc- 
[.ffand Prattice^ are thele following: (r.) They all agree in the ac- 
inowlcdgment of a Supreme Being, boifi Elientially and Perfonally 
loe; but entertain Tome ridiculous Apprehenfions concerning him, as 
,wticulariy the great IMeafure they vainly iniagine he takes in Reading 
Yoke its in'Pf'r ^'''''''^« (2.) They acknowledge a tvvoKldLawof God, ^/\. a 
ous Cbri^lirnW'^^'^'^ 2nd Vimritten one : The Written is that delivered by God to 
only fpcakPf ^"■'^^^'^^•f> and recorded in the tive Books of Af-cf. The Vnwrit- 
icy Ori'^iiial^yf"^^*'^ ^'^"^ (^s they pretend) delivered by God to Mnfe^^ and hand- 
Id down from him by Oral Tradition, and now to be recciv'd p^rt pie- 
mtis affcih, with the form:^r. (^.) They alTcrc the Perpetuity of 
povern d, 'f''" I avv, together with its FetfiWon ; believing there can be nothing 

„„,„^^^ re, adhere ftill as clofely to the Mo^uhi^ Difpenfation, as their 

and. /// Arf^cnr Circumfiances in a difpers'd and defpis'd Condition wilJ allow. 
xtreme-P'if''" Service chiefly confifis in Reading of their Law in the Synagogue, 

: only remain 
alfo they're a 
in the high 
he blackcft of 


lot (he 'luik^i\ 
tiich It groani 

Hiftorical Part ^^^^ r^^ it» or taken from it. (4.) They unanimoufy deny the ac- 
JewUh Hirto impli'^TTienf of ^he Promifef, and Frop!iccics concerning x.\\c Mffus ; 
ier the Komxn )flinacely allcdginj, that he is not yet come, and thar whenever he 
ce till the be- 'P^ars, 'twill be with the grcatefl worldly Fonip .^nd Grandeur ima- 
the Perfuw^ liblc, fubduing all Nations beicrc him, and m-kuig them acknow- 
Ifrom thcmby l;;cSub)ertion tc the Houfe of /wc/^/?. For cvatli;,^: the e^prefs Pre- 
hofe Succcf- ^Hotis of iheTrophets, concerning his mean Concition and Sufferings, 
m by ^*).i/^'''' ^V» ^^^^'^""^ ''">' ^Adow of Divine Authorirv, d^ confidently talk 
lifcs oi HlfU ^ twofold Mffius •, one Hen Eph\ihi^ whom tiiey grant to be a I'er- 
" ot a mean and afflirted Condition in this World ^ another. Hen D./- 
, who they believe fliall be a V-f^ori. u% I'owcrful Tri c , an*' the 
fer ox 'cm to their former Liberty and Poile^Ti )ti'. ($,) They 
nk that the Sacred Name ot Gnd can't be blaiphcii: d by M^n, if he 
^Jlltmpl a only 


m n 

i. ? * 

>N ' < 

296 Tnrkjf in JJia, p^j.^ 

only refrain from exprcffing the adorable Tilp^.fpdiJLyLctlov, (6.) T[ 
condemn all manner of Images, though only defign'd as a bare 
prefentation of Perfons to after Ages. (7.) They imagine that 
Sabbath-day is to be fo ftriftly obferv'd, that Works even of Necef. 
and Mercy are to be neglefted. Lafih^ They believe a Refurrcft'il 
from the Dead at the end of Time, and expett a General Judgment 
thelaft Eay. Thefe we may reckon the chief Articles of the Jert 
Creed at prefent •, but befides them, they admit of many other thir 
which only Ufe and Cuflom have authorized, and thofe are very dif 
rent, according to the different Countries in which they now refii 
They are ftill obfervant, (according to their Circumftances) not or 
of the various Fcflivals appointed by God in the Jevo'ifl) Church • v 
alfo feveral others of Human Inftitution, particularly thctt which'th] 
yearly celebrate in Memory of their Deliverance from the proiettj 
Ruin of wicked Human. During which Feftival, the Book of Ei}hd 
thrice read over in their Synagogues •, and whenever the Name of fl 
tnan is mention'd, they all with one accord, beat furioufly with Hal 
mers upon their Desk, as fhewing thereby their abhorrency of til 
Perfon who intended fo bloody a Mafiacre of their Forefathers. Tl 
joyful Tidings of the Bleffed Gofpel were proclaim'd in this Country f 
rArii? hi mfelf, and hisApoftles; but the obftinate ^ewj did (hut thj 
Eyes againft the Light, and ftill perfift in their inflexible Obftinacy 
this very Day. 

§. 4. The Eitphratian "Provinces. 

JlPamc.j'T'HE remaining Parrs of the Afiat'tcl^ Turkjiy hrngGear^ 
1 TurJ^omaiiia^ and Dtarbeck' Thefe Provinces are boui 
cd on the Eaft by Perfia. •, on the Weft by part of NatoUa and Syria p\ 
pia ^ on the North by a little of Alofccvia-y and on the South by Ai 
bUDcfcYta, Georgia (formerly Iberia J is focall'd from Geor^r, aP^ 
pie anciently inhabiting thefe Parts. Turl^omanU (formerly Armei 
Major J fo call'd from the TioJ^i", a Scythian People who broke throuj 
the Cajpian Straits, and poflefs'd themfclves of thefe adjacent Provl 
ces. And Laftly^ Diarkck, (formerly Meiopotamia and Fadan-ArA 
ot the Scriptures} but why fo call'd, I find no fatisfaftory Account. \] 
chule to confider all thefe three under the afl'um'd Title oi EuphnA 
Frmnces^ becaulc they lie near the Body and Branches of that [one] 
lamous River cf Euphrates, 

3lirt] The Air of thcle Countries is generally very pleafant, heal 
ful, and temperate, elpecially in the firft and laft, TheoppofitePI 
of tlic Globe to thefe Proviaccs, h that part of the vaft faciJicl^^Oct 

Tttrky in J/ia. 297 

iflj between 15$ and 2^5 Degrees of Longitude with ^7 and 4$ De- 



of South Latitude. 

^oilO The Soil of thefe various Provinces, (they lying in the 
p^and 7'''Norih Climate) is generally reckon'd very fie for Paflure 
[he Banks of the Tigrif and Euphrates-, aiid in many places it produ- 
j[h abundance of Fruits with variety of Grain. As alfo Georgia [<, fjid 
ijfford great plenty of excellent Wine. The longell Dj- ^n the North- 
oft part of thefe various Provinces, is about 1 5 Hours and an half; the 
orceft in the Souchmofl is 9 Hours and three quarters 3 and the Nights 

|CommoDitie0/J Thefe being Inland Provinces, do not manage any 
liskor confiderable Trade with Foreign Parts, and therefore their 6'om- 
\iiues are not very numerous, thofe they export or barter with their 
tiglibours, being chiefly Pitch, Fruits, Silk, and fuch like. 

IRaritiesO At Ourfa in Dlarbeckt is a large Fountain well flock'c 
pFilhes, call'd by the Turks t Abraham'^ Fountain andFifhes-^ and of 
[great a Veneration among 'em, that the Banks of it are cover'd with 
Uus Carpets for above Twenty Paces in Breadth, (i.) Nigh to the 
icfaid Ourfa^ is a Mountain remarkable for feveral Grntto\ in which 
itobefeen very ancient Sepulchres cf many Primitive Chriftians. 
J.) Adjacent to Crfr^/TM, (another Town in DiarheckJ are many lit- 
[Rooms hewn out ot the firm Rock, which were probably (bme 
bte Cells for ar.cient, who affeikd fuch Betirtments : 
Khof 'em having as 'twere a Tabic and Bench, with a Repofing Place, 
Jirtificially cut out of thehaid Stone; and over each of their Doors 
ji lively [mpreffion of a Crols. (4.) On the Eaft of Tygrls, over- 
ling Mofulf are the Ruins (and thefe hardly difcernable) of the once 
p and famous City of Nineveh -^ ;he very ProfpeO: of vvhich, may 
jikethe Beholder wiih jufl Apprelicnfions of the lading Glory cf ali 
liunary Magnificence, and that ti:e largeflof Cities are not too big 
fbrfel for devouring Time to cntume. (5.) Abou: a Day and 
Its Journey from BAgduty is the Sepulchre of the Prophet Eze\iel^ 
[ivh is yearly vifired by the Jews of Bit^dut with great Devotion. 
[) About the fame Diflauce from^ but between the Euphrates 
\T)^nsy ii 4 prudiir,u)Us heap of Eartl^ intcrmixt with a multitude 
iBncks bak'd in the Sun, wh.-rrof each is Thirty Inches fquare, and 
p thick, the whole bein j Three hundred Paces in Circuit, is call'd 
Iw by the Chril}ians and Je»^ in tliole Parts, and cotnmonly be- 
yd by the Vulgar fore ot 'em, to be the Remains of the renowned 
Iver ol Babti; but others rather loll nv the Opinion of the Modern 
pj, who calls it Agmouf, and believe it to have been rais'd by aa 
inl'rincc, as a Beacon or Watch Tnwer to call his iubjcits t'ogc 






' -^ 

298 Tm-ky in Jfia. Parti] 

thcr upon all Occafion?. (7.) Nigh to Carklcquen (a Town of Tmccn 
nJa) is a vaft Rock in which are divers artificial private Appartmen] 
generally reckon'd the retiring Place of St. Chryjojiome during his Exi' 
as the Chriftians ot thole Parts alledge. 

1|l?cl)bifl)OpricU0, &:c.] For Archb}(}}opricl:^Sy Bifl^oprkJis^ Vmvirfit'n 
See NatoUa, 

^anitcts,] The Inhabitants of the fe different Provinces, are 
different in their Tempers and Manners. The Armenians (or thofe| 
Turcomania) are Perfonsof a good Behaviour, and Juft in their hi 
ings^ and fome of them (addifted toTraffick) are difpers'd thr 
moft parts of the Trading World. But the People of Georgia arc 
to be extremely given to Thieving, Drunkennefs, and moft fbrrs otl 
ther Vices. Thofc of the Female Sex are generally reckon'd the ni 
beautiful Women of any in all the Oriental Ccuntr'es •, and fo higj 
cftflcm'd *e they by the Grand 5/^w/or, and King of PerfiUy thai t? 
rcfpeftive Seraglio'sitc well ftor'd with them. 

Ilanguagc*] The Turk'fl^, Per fun, and Armenian Tongues, are| 
underflood and much us'd in thefe Provinces, especially the Turliijh 
Diarbeck the Armenian Tongue is chiefly made ufe of in Divine jJerv 
and in Georgia the corrupted Greel^. 

dPolJcrnment*] The Weftcrn Parts of thefe Provinces do oj 
Subjcftion moftly to the Gtand Signior^ and the Eaftern to the \\ 
of Perfia, and that purely as the Neceffity of their Affairs requir 
Thofe fuhjeft r.) the Great Sigiiior^ are govern'd by various Be^bi 
of his Appoinrmeni, and thofe in Subjeftion to the Perftan Power; 
rul'd by feveral Princes, fome bearing the Title of Kings, (as one in 
Eaft of Georgia) who are eleftcd by the King of Ferfta, and Tribuc 
to him. Neverthelefs, there are in thefe Provinces feveral Kings 1 
Princes, who fear neither the Ottoman Slavery, nor the Perfian Pow 
bur eagerly maintain their Freedom, and keep all the PalTes ct 
Mountains, nocwithfl.;nding many Efforts hitherto made to the 

^tuip, 1 See iheEnfigns Armorial of the Grand Sigtiior, page i^\ 

IBcltgton*"] The prevailing Religion in many parts of this Cl 
try, is that of tlic Armenians -^ The principal Points whereof are til 
Three: (i.) 1 hey allow the Apoj\olicli and A'/cene Cree^j-, but 3^ 
with the Greek^s in alfcrting the Proceffion of the Holy Ghoft fronil 
Father only. (2.) They believe that Chrift at his Defcent intoHJ 
treed the Souls of all tlie Damn'd from thence, and rcpricv'd thcmj 

irtll. Turkjf in Jfa. CJ99 

cdof rhe World, when they fhall be remanded to Erernal Flames, 

jiiey alfo believe that the Souls of the Highteous are not admitted 

re Beatifical Vifion until after the Refurreftion 3 and yet they pray 

Ijjnrs dej.aried, adore their Pit^ures, and burn Lamps before them- 

ng likewifc for the Dead in general. They u(c Confeffion to the 

\ and of late have been aught the ftrange Dortrine of Tranfub- 

[adon by Popifh Emilfaries, difpers'd thn ugh moft parts of this 

Country, but they ftill give the Eucharift in both Species to the 

^ and ufe unleavened Bread foak'd in Wine. In adminiftring the 

jmenrof Baptifm, they plunge the Infant thrice in Water, and ap' 

the Chrifm with confecrated Oyl in Korm of a Crofs, to feveral 

of the Body •, and then touch the Child's Lips with the Eucharift, 

are the chief Tenets and Praftices of the Armenians in Religious 

m: Eut to tliefe we may add that vaf\ multitude of Fafts and Fe- 

(, which they punrtually obferve j (one fourth part of the Year 

fuch) and truly it is in the Obfervadon of *em that the very Face 

^,e Chriftian Religion is as yet kept up among this People. Chriftia* 

s planted in thefe parts of the World in the earliefl Ages of the 

[ill, Bartholomew the Apo(\le being generally reckon'd the chief (if 

il) Propagator thereof. 








J I 






f fi 






^ E c T. vr. 

Concerfjhig the Afiatick Iflands, 

r The JapAn Iflands. 
\ The Fhilipin Iflands. 
Reducd (paie 46,) to Six ClalTes, J The Ifles des Lamns, 
*/:^, S The Moluccoes. 

• J The Iflands of the Sund. 
y^Thc Maldives ind Ce)lon» 

The chief of the Japan 

C Japan— -^'^' fAfeaco — "^ 

^yjonfa Saniqut S 

{^Eongo Idem —J 

l'm^<: ImmL: „ Mem- 

In the Iflands des Lanons' 


The chief of the ^^^'j^fj" 

luccoes are 



iCeram — 

S Borneo — 
of tiiC 5;i..d 41 e *) 


The cl.'ef of me juuUives is ^^^4/? 
In the Ifl.r ' '"^-♦/'^n 




Idem J 

Idem — 

Achem - 


•W. to 

— *7 Under ti 
J quatorj 

. s. of {f r 



Thefe Ulunds (as aforefaid) being rcduc'd to Six Claffes j of ea 
thcfe Clafles fcparately, and in their Order. Therefore, 


TJoe Aftatkk IJlands. 
§ I. The Japan I/lands, 


iiiticO TpHESE Tflands (thought by fome to be the JahAdit of 

J. the Ancients J are term'd by the Italians^ G'lapwe j by the 

{urdSi T/las del Japon 5 by the French^ les Ifles du Japon •, by the 

ymns^ die Japan'ifche Infuln ; and by the EnglijJ)^ The Japan IJlands -, 

civhy fo caird I find no facisfaftory Account among Criticks. 

I|ir,] The Air of thefe Iflands doth much encline to Cold, but is 
trally cfleem'd very wholefome to breathe in. The oppofite Place of 
JiGlobe to Japan^ is that part of the Paragueyan Ocean^ lying between 
land 3$o Degrees of Longitude, with 30 and 40 Degrees of Sou- 
I Latitude. 

miW] The 5*0/7 of thefe Iflands is reckon'd abundantly fertil in 
]iiD, Roots, and divers forts of pleafant Fruits ^ as alfo the Ground 

jhmuch overfpread with Forefts, and encumbered wich vafl Moun- 
|3<)isvery fit for Paftu rage, and well ftock'd with multitudes of Cat- 

The length of the Days and Nights in thefe Iflands, is much the 
b as in the middle Provinces of China^ they both lying under the 
V Parallels of Latitude. 

ICoinmot)itics.] The chief Commodities of thefe Iflands are Gold 
}cr, Elephants Teeth, and moft forts of Minerals. 

Sarities.] There is in Japan (according to the Teflimony of 
\tmsj a very remarkable Fountain, whofe Water is almoft equally 
nvith boiling Oil; it breaks forth only twice a Day for the fpace of 
(Hour, during vvhich time the Eruption is fo violent, that no- 
jtgcan wichftand the Strength of its Current ^ for with fuch a migh- 
(iorce doth the Water burft out, thac 'tis faid to raife up, and throw 
py the greatclt Stone they can lay over the Mouth of the Fountain, 
idiat with fuch a Noife, that it frequently refembles the Report o£ 
■reac Gun. (2.) In the fame Ifland is a prodigious high Mountain, 
erally fuppos'd to equal (and by fome to furpafs) the famous Pike 
\Jimifey being vifible almoft Forty Leagues off at Sea, though eigh- 
idiftant from the Shore. (3.) In this Cluftcr of Iflands are com- 
oly reckon'd no lefs than eight different VHlcano^ whereof fome are 
/terrible. Here alfo is great variety of Medicinal Waters, and ma- 
[hot Springs befides thac moft remarkable one above-n^ention'd. 
I In the City of Meaco is a mighty Coloffw of gilded Copper, to 
fch People pay their Devotions. Of fuch a prodigious bignefs is chat 
|5(/, that being fee in a Chair, which is Eighty Foot brojd^ 4nd Se- 

X 3 vcuiy 


'*' ••'*'i 

\l ' !: 









i « 



TZ?(? Afiatick JJlands. 


venty high) no lefs than rifceen Men may conveniently n.ind on 
Head. His Thumb is faid to be Fourteen Inches about, .md proporj 
able to it is the reft of his Body. In this City arc reckon'd ab lu: 
venty Heathen Temple?, and one of them i; faid to be furnifhM 
no fewer than 5533 gilded Idols. 

3(lrcl)bin)Ot)rtcU05 &:c.] Archhtflioprkk,s\ BijJs^prkksy Z)mxcyfi( 

flpannctd.] The Jap inner s (bein^ a People of an Olivc-colrj 
Complexion) are generally of a tall Stature, flron^ Conftirution, 
fit to be Soldiers. They're faid to have vaA Memnrics, nimble Fa'nl 
and folid judgments. ' They are abundantly Fair and jurt in tl 
Dealings, but naturally Ambicious, Cruel, and DifdainfuJ to al! Srj 
gers, cfpecially rhofeof the Relighn, admitting none ' 

llanguaSC. ] The J^iponefe Tongue is faid to be very Police andl 
pious, abounding with many Synonimous Words, which are ccmn 
us'd according to the Nature of the Subjcft ; as alfo the Qu.iliiv. 
and Sex, both of the Speaker, and the Perfon to whom the Difcc 
is direfted. 

(IPo^'»****ncnt«]| Thefe iHands are Govern'd by (cvcka Pettv 
and Pi \(orTancs) who are all fubjeft to one Sovcrcii^n, Ail 
Emperor 01 Japan. His Government is alfo Def pctical, and his Suh 
adore him as a God ^ never daring to look him in the Face, and 
they fpeak of him, they turn their Countenances doun to \.\\t 
Peculiar to the Emperors of Japan^ is the following Cuflcm-, t/^.l 
they efleem it a kind ot Sacrilege to fufFer either Hair or Nails to b^ 
after Coronarion. 

%tm^P\ The Emperor of Japan (according to the Relation ol 
Ambaffadcrs of the Dutch Eaft- India Compariy) bears (9r, Six Sr,irsj 
gent^ in an Oval Shield, and bordered with little Points of Gold. 
according to others, his Arms are Sables, with Three Trefoils -''h^ 

IRcligion.] The J^/'.tMr^'ri are grofs Idolaters, having a mu 


Idols, to whofe pariicilar Service great numbers b^thot Men and 
men do confccratc themfelves. The chief of thcfe Idols are 
by the Names of Amida and Foqueux. The Votaries of the fuiirel 
luid to affert the Soul's Immorrality, and the P)tha^nre^n Mtcm^f)('i 

:i-tir. The AJiatick ]Jla7uh, 505 

rhofeof the latter imagine. That the frequent Repetition of certain 

fds will atone for all their Mifdoings, and procure to 'em the Enjoy- 
jtof compleat Felicity at laft. Great was the Multitude of Con- 
rjro Cbnftiunity once in thefe Iflinds, if we might fafely credit the 
niimony of our Roman Miffionaries, who. Anno i ^96. rcckon'd no lefs 
13 600000 of the Natives, then aftually profeffmg the Chriftian Re- 
jon. But how many foe'er were really brought o'er to the Knowledge 

the Truth, moft certain it is, that they quickly Apoftatiz'd from the 
j'.e; and that no Perfbn dares openly avow the Doftrine of Cbr'ifl fincc 

Year 1514. all Europeans (fave the Dutch) and others profelfmg 
funity, being then expell'd thofe Iflands, and not likely to have 
n more Accefs there for the future. 


<?: ' t 

§ 2. Tbe Philippin IJlands, 

ante] npHESE Iflands (difcovcr'd by MagdUn, Anno I $20.) 
JL are term'd by the Italians^ Philippine \ by the Spaniards^ 
Je Philippe J by the French, Philippines -^ by the German/, Philips 
ick Injuln ; and by the Englifl), The Philippin Iflands ■ fo call'd from 
[.;/p II. of Spain^ in whole time they began to be inhabited by SpA- 

pir.] The Air of thefe Iflands is very moderate, notwithftanding 
lye fo near the Line. The opp:>(ice Place of the Globe to them, 
Ik North mofl part of Brajil, 

miW] The ^0// of thefe Iflands is generally very fertil, producing 
\§cu abundance moft forts of Grain, Herbs, and Kruits. They are 
) very fit for Paflurage, and feveral of 'em are well furnifti'd with 
nerich Mines of Gold, and other Metals. The length of the Days 
INightsin thefe Iflands, is much the fame as in the Southern Parts 
\Chinu^ they lying under the fame Parallels of Latitude. 

CominoDittC0.J The chief Cmimdities of thefe Iflands, are Rice, 
lie, Wax, Honey, Sugar-Canes, Gold, Cotton-Wooll, fyc, 

llSatitiCG.] In the Stu furrounding thefe Iflands, is frequently feen 
moi Kilh or Sea-Monlter, about the bignels of a Call, which in 
ppe d til much relemble the ancient SireneSy fo tanious among the 
«s-, whence our Englifl) Navigators term it the Woman- Fiji), becaufe 
'Head, Face, Neck, and Breaff are fomewhat like thofe of the Fair 
|ii. In feveral of the Fhilippins are feme little r«/f,ino's, cfpecially 
keot the Ifland Tandaia, 


f life 

■ "'lir 

)' 'i 




.• t 



The Afiatick IJlands. 

2lrcl)btn)0P?icfeS,] Here is OD'^ SpAhiJl) Archhifhoptck^ iir^^ ^^^^^ 

15irof^?'*»fUf?/'j ^-.'id f'lbjcft to him arc fcveral fuffragan Blfhop^ HsiifcO 
thei/ Number and Titles are uncertain.- wt 

3iJmt:er(lttC??t] Vn'tverfities in thcfe iHaiids. Non^. 

J919anucr0« j The Natives of t'lcfe Ifljnds are genep.lly a Coura^t, 
and Valiant fcrt of People, maintaining ftill their Liberty in fevd 
places : Th. y're faid ro be Civil and Honefl enough in their Dealij 
wiib rhe Chmfes and Europeans ^ but moft of V.m have a £^re,ii Averfj 
to t' t Sp Miiardsy having been extremely ill us'd by that Nution in dii 

lUirtguagC.] The prevailing Language in thefe Iflands, is the . 
r'tp.K \v:tich is, not only in ufe among the 5/4mWjr themfelves, bi 
'Tv^errtood and fpoken by many of the Natives. As for the 
. culiar to 'em, we can give no particular Account thereof, 
. near Affinity to the Malay Tongue. 

>d5oljernmcnt.3 Thcfe Iflands being mofUy fubjeft to the King] 
Sp^in^ arc rul'a ')y a particular Vice-Roy appointed by his Catholick 
jcfty, vvhofe Place f)f Re'Mence is in Luconia^ the biggeft of *eml 
Tiie Natives (as afotcfiid) Cv ilill retain their Liberties in (everal 
ces, efpecially in the Iflc of iTf/«rfumi, where thofe People call'd 
rnorier, (/. e. Mountaineers) Sohgues and Alfoores^ acknowledge notli 
of Subjeftion to the Spanifl) Power. 

- IRcIigiott*] Many of the milder fort of the Natives are inftruMJ 
and make Profeffion of the Chriftian Religkn -, and that by the Care 
Diligence of Roman MifTionaries fent thither from time to time, 
reft being of a favage and intraftable Temper, continue ftill in the tl 
Mi(t of Paganifm. The Spaniards here rcfiding, arc the fame in 
gion with thofc in Spain* 

§. 3. JJl^s des Larrons, 

THESE Tflands were difcovcred by Magellan^ Anno 1520. an( 
nam'd by him from the Nature of their Inhabitants, who wcre| 
cefTively given to Thieving, This being all that's remarkable of ' 
we pafs on to 





The Afiattck JJlands 


§. 4. The Mohicques^ or Moluccoes, 

itwO npHESE Iflands, unknown to the Ancients, are term'd by 

J. the Italians, MolucchCy by the Spuniards.^ Molncco's j by 

french^ IJIes Moluques-^ by the Germans ^ dk Moluccifche Infuln • and 

ithe Englip}, the Molucques or Moluccoe- Iflands ^ fo call'd from the 

id iWo/cCj which in the Language of the Cotinrry fisjnifieth the Head-^ 

Ufe thefe Iflands properly call'd the Moluccoes ^zxc ficuaced, as 'twere, 

([he Head or Entrance ot the Indian Aichipelago, 

Sir,] Thefc; Iflands lying under, and on cither fide of the Line, 
\r\r '/extremely hot, and generally efleem'd very unwholfome. The 
"ofite place of the Globe to the Moluccoes^ is the Northern part of 


I^otl.] The So/7 of thefe Iflands is not rcckon'd fo fertile as that of 
'M'tppin, efpecially in Grain, but for abundance of Spices and rich 
ofG^Id, they far furpafsrhem. The Days and W'ghts do noc 
Ichvary in their Extent all the Year round, thefe Iflands being fo near 
t, and partly under the Equinoctial. 

|CommoDitlC0<1 The chki Commodities of thefe Iflands, arc Gold, 
kon, Spices of all forts, efpecially Cinamon, Pepper, Cloves, Ginger, 
pegs, Mailick, Aloes, (fyc, 

teatitiCSt] In the Ifland of Timor and Sohr^ grows a Tree which 
Wth exattly like Human E}<crements : A conlidcrabk part of an 
p of which Tree, is to be feen in the Publick Mufdmm of Grefljam 
kge^ London. (2.) In feveral o£ the Moluccoes are divers fulcam's^ 
kiiculifly th2t call'd Gmmng-apy in Banda^ which lome Years ago 
Ide a dreadful Eruption, not only of Fire and Sulphur, buc alfo of 
p a prodigious number of Stones, that caey cover'd a great pirt of 
: Ifland ; and fo many dropt into the SeHy that where 'twas formerly 
b Fathom Water near the Shore, is now a dry Beach. (9.) In Ter^ 
p (one alfo of the Moluccoes J is another Vulcam^ reckon d by many 
p yet more terrible than the former, for a particular Defcription 
'which, Vid. Philo[» Tranf. N, 216. (4.) In the Moluccoes is a Bird 
n'd by the Natives Mamcodiata^ i. e. Avu Dei j and by the Euro^ 
|iw, the Bird of Paradife. He is indeed a Creature of admirable 
amy, and being always feen upon the Wisg, 'twas currently be- 
^'d that he had no b'eec. But that Opinion is now found to be a 
fcfs Miftake (as every noted MuJAum of Natural Rarities fnfficiently 
pcech) notwichflaadtng the fame was noc only received by the un- 

■"'■., »,-;iil 



M '.. 





The Afiattck IJlands. 

thinking Vulgar, but alfo embraced even by fome confidering (yetth^ 
indcceiv'd) Naturalifts^ among whom the great SaUger [Exerc. 2\ 
§, 2. J was one, and likewife Gefner [the Pliny of Germav^^ being 
into the fame Error, hath piftur'd that Bird accordini^ly. To thi 
Remarkablesabovemcntion'd, I may here add that rare Quality o{cin 
(one ofthe chief Spices produc'd in thefe Iflands,) x*?^. their Aran:! 
traftive Virtoe when laid near any Liquids, being able ro drain a ! 
ftiead of Wine or Water in a fliort time : whereby fome unwary Cc 
manders of Ships have been moft unexpeftedly depriv'd of their belot 

3lrcl)bi(ljopjicfe0, &c.] Archbijlaprkks , B'ifl}OpY]c\i^ Vi\mY[it\ 

iSPartnerS.] The Natives of thefe Iflands, efpecially fuch as inhj 
the midland Parts, areby mofl^ efteem'd a trcacherou«, inhuman, 
bafe kind of People ^ much given to beaftly PJeafures, and ^enerj 
walking naked-, but thofe upon, or near the Sea-Coafb, wlio \\\ 
Commerce with Europeans^ are pretty well civiliz'd, and feveral of '1 
prove very ingenious. Their manner of Dealing is all by Bartcrij 
they being Strangers as yet to Money. 

ilano(uasc;3 All we can find of the language peculiii to the 
tivcs of thefe Ulands ; is, that 'tis as barbarous as they who own ir. 
Trading Perfons among 'em in their Dealings with Strangers ufe 
Fortuguexe Tongue. 

<£>0l)CtUtttettt,3 Thefe Iflands arc fuhjeft to mary Sovereign"^ of thl 
own, and fome (particularly Celebes and GihhJ have eacli of cm 
vera] petty Kings, whom they own as Sovereign fords and Govern: 
The Portuguese formerly had got confiderablc fooring in rhefe Iflanc 
but now the Dutch^ who fend thither many of their condemned Crr 
nalsto be there employ d as perpetual Slaves. 

IRcUgioil.] The Native-^ of the Mtlutofs are, f-r the mod pi 
igrofs Idolaters-, and intermixt with rhcm arr mjny MAhomNunt, u 
fome who know a Vmk of Cht iff unity -^ wliich Know'edf^e h.irh natb 
improv'd very briskly in thole poor Creatures, ever fiixe they \upvd 
50 change their Malkrs. 

§. 5. 1 

The Afiatkk Ijlands. 

§. 5. The I/Ia>2Js of the Sund. 

p.Ct] *TpHESE Iflands funknown to the Ancients) arc termM by 

J. the Italians^ Ijola d'l Sunda -, by the Spaniards^ Iflns del 

■4 ^ by the Vrench^ ies If a de la Sonde ; by the Germans^ die Infuln in 

Us y by the Englijh, The IjJands of the Sonde or Sund ; fo call'd from 

; Straits of the Sund^ between the Iflcsof ^^f^'^^and Sumatra, 

3ir,] The Air of thefe Iflands is extremely hot, (they being fitu- 
U under the fame Parallels ol: Latitude with the MoluccoesJ and m 
Imtra 'tis mighty unvvholfome, by reafon of many Lai<es therewith 
(jt Ifland abounds The oppofite place of the Globe to the Ifles of 
\iSund^ is pare oiTerraJirmay and the Land of the Ama^^onSy inSoutb 


iPcil.] The Soil of thefe Iflands is generally very good, efpecial- 
lin Java and Sumatra, affording great plenty of Corn and Fruits; 
ii^htily abounding with the chietcll of Spices ^ well furnifh'd with 
I'ious kinds of Fowl •, and wonderfully ftor d with rich Mines o£ 
'd, Tin, Iron, Sulphur, and feveral other Minerals. The length 
lithe Days and Nights in thele lOands, is much the fame throughout 
|e whole Year, their Latitude either South or Northern being incoQ- 

CommoUitics*] The cliief Commodities of thefe Iflands, are Gold 

i^reac quantities, moft forts of Spice.% plenty of Wax and Honey, 

re ot Silks and Cottons, fome precious Stones, and the beil kind of 

liirttiec* 1 In the Ifland of Java are Serpents of a prodigious 
b^th and bi>^nefj; one being taken ^t a certain time, that was thir- 
:cn Yjids and a halt long •, and fo big, that they found a young Boar 
ihis Belly. In the fame Ifland is a remarkab'c Vulcam, which fomc« 
iriCi burns with great Rage. (2.) Towards the middle part of Suma- 
f.', is another burning Mountain, ca'l'd Mmi Balulvanus, which vo 
its forth Fire and Alhes in like manner as Mount Aitna in Sicily, or 
'i!nin< m Naples. (5.) In the fame ifland is a very obfervabic Tree,, 
"d Sangaliby the Malayans -^ and by the FoYtuguexPy Arbor trifle de; 
'•lifortimd from its remarkable Property of putting forth abun 
Jiiceot lovely Buds every Evening, (Which look very pleafant to the 
"ve, and till the places adjjccnc with a mofl fragrant Smell) but thefe 
ifling and falling to the Ground when the Sun arifcth, it appears in g 
dancKoly and mourning Drcfs all Day long. (4 ) In the Ifland of 



... ^ 


>> ,-, *' 





The Afiatick IJlands. 







ICorn, w 


Kar, the I 

BoYne(^ is a Creature ufually known to our EngUfh Navigators, by 
Name of the Savage Man ^ being of all Brutes likeft to Man, 'both] 
Shape, Stature, and Countenance, walking alfo upright upon his t 
hinder Legs, and that frequently, if not always. He is a Creature 
great ftrength and extremely fwifc in running. Many reckon him 
Ape peculiar to Borneo^ and the hunting of him is efteem'd a Priac 

UlrcljbifljOpjieUli, &c.] AYc}3bifl)opicks^ Btjhopk^s ^Vnmrfi\ 

^hnwtx^*] The Natives of thefe Iflands do confiderably di, 
in point of Mjmers •, thofe of Borneo being generally elUem a Men 
good Wits, and approved Litegrity: Thofe of Javx very trcachcrc 
proud, and much given tn lying : And the In!i...:>icancs of Sumatra 
affirm'd to be good Artificers, cunning Merchants, and fcveral of 
expert Mariners. 

Itanguagc*] The Language in thefe various Iflands is not the far 
at leaft ic doth mightily differ in variety of Dialedts. The Trading Pi 
pie who have frequent Dealings with the franks^ do underftand 
ipeak the PaYtuguexe Tongue^ 

<lB»obcrmncntO In each of thefe Iflands are feveral Kings. In Ri 
neo tvvj, one MAhometan^ and the other Pagan, In Sumatra and Ja\^ 
are many Princes, fame Mahometan, and fomc Pagan, The chief L 
thofe in Sumatra is the Kino; oi Achem, and Materan is the chief] 
^ava^ The Hollanders and Portuguese have cilabUflVd feveral Faftor 
in thefe Iflands^ eipecially the former. 

IBcligioil.] The Natives of thefe Iflandf, who refide in the Inlaj 
Parts, are generally grofs Idolaters •, but thofe towards the Sea Coa 
are, for the moil part, zealous FrofefTors of the Doftriae oiM^hoi 
in feveral of its Fundamental Points. 

§. 6. The Maldives a?id Ceylon. 

I^amr.] npHESE lilnds (unkno^vn in former times, except ^^'yB^annct 
X which IS chonc^ht by fome to be the Oph'ir of Sobmm, aA]| and ftra 
the Taprobane of the AncictKi) arc term'd by the Italians^ ■'1^^^'^^'^fPeopIe > 
Ceylon-^ by the Spam r s^ AUld'tvaSy Ccyion; by the French ^ IflisMt^f^ ^^ '^j 
Mddms ^ Cc)lQn j >'j the Germans^ die MMivijche Jnfuln iy CVy/cBem to co 

lid Soldiers. 

The Aftatick IJlajids^ 

jby the EngUflj, the Maldives and Ceylon. They are cailed Maldives 
k Male, the chiefeft of 'em 5 and Dwe, which in their Language 
pifies an /y/4n</: Bac from whence Ceylon derives its Name is not very 


lir.] The Air of thefe Iflands (notwuhftanding of their nearncfs 
theLine) is very temperate, there falling a kind of Dew every Night 
rjch mightily helps to qualific the fame, yet frequently mortal to 
jangers. But in Ceylon 'tis fo pure and wholcfome, that the Indians 
im [his Ifland, Temarifin^ i.e. ^ Land of Pleafure, The oppofite place 
[the Globe to thefe Iflands is part of Mare del Zur, lying between 
!o and 290 Degrees of Longitude j with the Equator, and 10 Degrees 
South Latitude. 

miU] The Soil of thefe Iflands is extraordinary fruitful, except 
(corn, whereof the Maldives are faid to be fcarce. The length of the 
ys and Nights in them, is much the fame throughout the whole 
k, the Latitude of the Northmofl of 'em being inconfiderabie. 

|CommoT)itiC0O The chief Commodities of thefe Iflands, are Ci- 
uon, Gold, Silver, moft fort of Spices, Rice, Honey, Precious 

boes, ire. 

15atitiC0.] In Ceylon is that remarkable Mountain, commonly call'd 
m\ Pik^, which is of a great height, and reported to fend forth 
Inietimes from its top both Smoke and Flame. In many of the Maldive 
Mt grows that Tree bearing the Cacoa^ or India Nuts, which is very 
Lrkable for its various ufcs*, for out of it i« yearly drain'd a large 
Lntity of Juice, which being drawn at certain Seafons, and prepared 
Icr different manners, do tafte exaftly l:I:c excellent Oil, Butter, Milk> 

alfo fome forts of Wine and Sugar. Of the Fruit they ufually make 
icad, and the Leaves ferveas Paper to write upon. And as for the 
[rank of the Tree, they employ it either in building of HoufesorShips. 
Me Iflands likewife abound with varie^y of pretty v.hite Shells, which 

tmuch admir'd, and pafs current as Money in many parts of ihc adja- 


Irc]()bift)opjtcll0, &c.] Archbifl)opi(,\s ^ BiJJjopricks , Vniverfities, 


^(annctfit] The Natives of thefe Iflands (being for the m -fl parr, 
illand flraic of Body) are eftcem'd a lazy, proud and effeminate fore 
people, yet fome of 'em are reputed to be good Artificers in Metals. 
M of 'em go ftark naked, except what Natural Inflinft prompteth 
p to cover. To wear long Hair, is the only Privilege ot the King 
NSoIdiers. S itatv 






310 Tbf Afiatick IJlands. p^^t 

iUltSttag^« J The Inhabitant* of the Maldives have a peculiar tJ 
gon of their own. Thofe who refide on the Sea-Coafls of Cejlon undJ 
fland a Hide Dutch , and fome thing of the Portngue7^9 Tongue. ' j 

€?0ternment«3 The Maldives arc moftly fubjedl to one Sovereij 
who hath his ordinary Refidence in Male, the chief of all thofe Iflan 
And Ce>/on is governed by its own King, refiding at Candea^ to who! 
feveral little Princes are Tributary ; but much of the Sea-Coafts is pc 
fcfs*d by the Dutch, The Matdive Sovcreij>n is faid to alfume the Title t 
Sultan^ King of Thirteen Provinces, and Twelve thoufand Iflands,d 
thofe of the Maldives, their number being generally accounted fuch. 

IRclision*] The Natives of this mighty Clufler of Iflands, are par 
I'i Mahometans^ partly Idolaters, cfpecially the latter, Paganiimh^i 
the moft predominant of the two. 

And fo much for Afia and the Afiatick, Iflands, Now fonoweih 

:U < .-I 

C H A P. 


;; S'' tl 

peculiar ^^ 

'O/on, uiidj 

e Sovereij 
thofe Iflar 
M, to wh 
Coafts is pc 
e the Title I 
Iflands, vi 
Kcd fuch. 



ds, are j 

g4n/jwi beir 


■■ -i 

. '.1 ■•*■ 



( « 


\ TAP J 





» m 




I ii. 


n II. 






5^aati1, or the Defart- 





n ■ 

L*^. The Land of the Negroes — 'y^ <; Tomhutt 

(Exterior or Inf. 
C Interior or Sup.^, 



To thele add the African Jflands. 
Of ull which in Order. Therefore, 


r '^ 


'.,1. jv 


' mil 

■' . I ji" 





I'art li 

A, ^' 



Concerning CffPPt* 


d. m. 

52 c6' 
62 40^ 


,}of Long 
' '^"lofLatic 


ErifCf or the Lower Egypt 
Beckrta^ or Middle Egypt- 
Sabld, or Upper Egypt- 
•^ ^ The Coafis of the Red Sea 

Length from N. E. to S. W 
is about 650 Miles. 

Breadth from E. to W. is, 
bouc 310 Miles. 

Alexandria — ' 



l^amc.j'T^HlS Country [much the fame with ancient Eg^pty and noj 
X bounded on the Eafl by the Ifthmus of SueTi and the A( 
Sea-, on the Weft by Burbaryy Bildulgerid znd Za^ra-^ on the North! 
part of the Afediterranean Sea ; and on the South by ^Wta and Ak 
was varioufly n^m'd of old, as Mifraim, by the Jews ; Angujtanka^ 
the Romans «, Oceana^hy Bcrofits-y Ogygia^ by jCenopkn ^ Potamiay byiJi 
rodotus'^ and Hefefiia^ by Nomer, &:c. It is now term'd by tlie Itallm 
Egytto', by the Spaniards y Egypto; by the french^ E,<^ypte'^ by the cJ 
mans^ Egypten'y and by the Engl'iflj, Egypt-, focall'd j^asmany imaging 
from Egyptusy Son of Belks^ and Brother to Damns, 

%\xr\ The Air of this Country is very hot, and generally eflecirj 
extremely unwholfome, being ahvays infeftcd with naufeous Vapoif 
afcending from the fat and flimy Soil of the Earth. That ic never m 
in Egypty as fome have boldly affirm'd, may defcrvedly chiim a p'i 
among the Vulgar Errors of the World. The oppofite phcc of the Gil 
to Egypt^ is part of Mire Fadficum, lyingbctween 252 and 242 Dcgi' 
of Longitude i within 21 and 31 Degrees of South Laticudc. 

^OiL] Egypty (lying in the 4^'' and 5*'' North Climate) was, an 
fliil accounted, as fertile a Country as any in the World ^ the Soil bd 
wonderfully fatned l)y the yearly overflowing^ of tlic Nile. It's cxref 
ing plentiful of all forts of Grain •, and for its vart abundan:-: of 
informer times, ' commonly term'd Nji ream roNili R.m.itu. 
iongeft Day in the Noitlunoll Tarts, is about 14 Hjurs and Ix-h 







Part lljp.rt II. 


lliorrefl in the Southmofl is lo Hours and a half j and the Nights pro- 

ComtnotJittcs,] The Chief Comrmdities of this Countrv, are Sugar, 
IF!jk, Rice, all forts of Grains and Fruits, Linen-Cloth, Salt, Bjlfam, 
|:cnna, CafTu, Butargio, fyc. 

;^n' M 

N.E. toS.W 
50 Miles. 

n E. to W. ii 



Eg)\>ty and 

tRaritics«] In and near to ancient Alexandria^ (now term'd by the 

Jurks, Scandcricli or Scanderk) are many ronfiderabic Remains of An- 

iguity ; particularly the ruin'd Wallsof that ancient famous City, with 

confidcrablc number of Towers j feveral of which are almoft intire. 

re alfo are divers ftarely Porphyry Pillars, and feveral curious Obe- 

9 fcks of pure Garner, (efpecially that which bears the Name of Pompeys 

pNorthwar(i,|r,//.j,^) fome of 'em ftil! (landing, others thrown down, and all 

dorn'd with variety of Hieroglyphicks. For a particular Account ci 

!ch Pillars, with a curious Draught of divers of 'em, reprefenting both 

.dr true Dimenfions and Hieroglyphick Charaftcrs, Vid. PhUof.Tranf, 

ii6i and 178. To zhefc Curhfities we may add the [once] proud 

j!3ce of Cleopatra, now wholly in Ruins, being fo defac'd, that 'tis 

irdly difcernable if ever fuch a ftacely Strufture was in that Place. 

:) In the ancient Caftle of Grand Caire^ are feveral Remarkables wor- 

yuet andtheR*,y obfervation, which Strangers (with fome difficulty) obtain leave to 

on the North m.. jj^^ ^.j,,,^^ whereof are thele Three-, Firff^ The Arcane y which 

t^uh'ta and /» a frightful dark Dungeon, and that (as they tell you) into which the 

^ AngujldnicA, fttriarch Joj^ph was thrown down. Secondly^ A very large ancienc 

Potatnta^ ^y^woin, with about Tliirrv Pillars of Thebakk Scone as yet If anding, which 

by the Ualimw K^ars the Name of jofeph's HaIL Lajily, In this Caftle is a prodi- 

pte-^ by the Gfcas j^c^p Pi^ with a' Spring of good Water in its bottom, (a Rarity 

Ismany imagm* e^ vj,;) ^vhich the Natives term Jofeph's Well, From this Pit, fome 

I Inve'lers are pleas'd to talk of an Artificial Communication under 

Jiound, between the Pyramid? on one Hand, and the Town of Srve^ 

nierally efteetrE ^^e otlier. For a farther Account of chcfe Particulars, vid. Theve^ 

lauteous Vapo*.'s f^^ae//, part i. c. 9. (5.' A few M\kiWc{{ of Grand Caire, arc 

|hat u never n|e E^\pt!cw 'pyramids, (call'd by the TurJ^s, Fhuraon Va^lary , and by 

lly cl.nm ^)]^AKi'bs, Dgebel Fbaraon, i.e. ^f^hjrailfs Mills) thofe famous Monu- 

ents of Antiquity, which 'twou!d fcem devouring Time could noc 

Inlume. The biggeff of 'em hath thefe Dimenfions, vi^:* Five hun- 

pd and Twenty Foot high, up-^n a Bafe of Six and Two Foot 

lire ^ Two hundred and fifty Steps fr jm cop to bottorr, each Step be- 

; Two Hands broad, and almoft Four high ^ and its Top being tiar, 

[able to contain Thirty Men. (4.) Adjiccnt to the biggeli Pyramid 

b monflrous Figure of a prodigious grcatnefs, calTd Sphinx ^ and by 

[r^dotw Andrcfphinx : The Bu(f (being ail of one Scone) reprefenrs 

Face and fcreafls of a Woman, whoff: Ikdd according to Pliny 

tiundrcd and twenty Foor in Circumferencej and Forty three long . 

Y 1^5 

[ace of the Gl 



late) was, an[ 
• che syU be: 
\L\ It's c-/;r;} 
Jundan::-: oi 
\ii Rjn.wi. 
[3 aud ii-h 



5 14 ^^gyp^' ^^"^^ J'j 

it's alfo a Hundred fix'-y two from the top of the Head to the lowcj 
part of the Belly. But thefe Dimenfions are different from thnfe of fomj 
modern Travellers, who fay, That 'tis but twenty fix Foot hi^h, ani 
Fifteen from rhe Chin to one of tlie Ears, and the refl proportionab 
''$.) Near toGr»?;:iO/V?, are feveral deep fubterranean C<«i^/^/ex (Hewei 
cut of the firm Rock, and having variety of Hiero^lyphicks infcrib'd oJ 
the Walls) in which rcpofe feveral of the famous Egyptian Alummk^ 
and in feme of thofe Repofitories of the Dead it is, that certain Lamp 
are ("aid to have been found, which conftantly burn without confurain^ 
till expos'd to the open Air. (50 In the famous River of Nile^ m 
abundance of Crocodiles, thofe terible and devouring Animals, \vhic| 
BochartM (de Animalibus S.S. Part 2. Chap. i6, 17; 18.) endeavours: 
prove to be the fame with that Creature mentioned in the Book of Jj 
under the Name of Leviathan, thought c mmonly and hitherto taken fc| 
the Whale. A compleat Skeleton of this Animal, about Four Yard 
three quarters long, may be feen in rhe Repofitory of Grefl.'am-Co\k^\ 
being prefented to the Royal-Society by that truly worthy and ingeaicii 
Genileman, the Honourable Sir Robert Southwell. To thefe Cm'vfnA 
of Egypt, I might here add that fupernatural (but fiftitious) Prodi;] 
that's reported to be yearly feen near to old Laire^ i'/<. The AnnJ 
Refurreftion of many dead Bones on Holy Wcdnefday, ThurfJay, andlfj 
day, (according to the old Calendar) which both Turt^s and ChriJiiM 
thofe Parts do firmly believe, and that by means of fome pious tnuj 
cf a few defigning Santos among them. 

4llrcl)li{bopricHd, &c.] Archbtfl)opY'ic\s^ Bifiopricksy Vnherfit'i'l 
See Natolia, page 280. 

i^i^anncrisO The Egyptians now-a-days (being Perfons of alowSJ 
tufc, tawny Complexion, and of fpare Bodies) are generally reckon] 
Cowards, Luxurious, Cruel, Cunning, and Treacherous ; they mf 
dcgem-rate from their Anceftors in every thing, favt only a vain AM 
tiou ot Divining, which feme as yet pretend unto. 

llaiTSUnge*] The chief I.'rr^K^^^ commonly us'd in this Country, 
the Turkijh and vulgar or Morisk, cfpecially the latter. T 
Arabs brought in their Language with their Conquefts, which hath bJ 
prefervcd here ever fince ; hut the C:phii\ {\\\\ retain the ufe of j 
ancient Egyptian 'Ycv.^wc^ (which is very diife;ent from all the OriciJ 
Languages) efpecially in their Religious Performances. In Placer> it I 
confiderable Tratfick, many of the Europ'j.w Tongues arc underitood 


d&'obCVlimmt.] This Country ('very famous of old, both in SjcJ 
iiud Prcphane Hiilory) being a fioviari; ot the Tuy\jP) KnirirJ 



irt IL 



Ivern d by a particular Baffa. or BegUrbeg, who commonly refideth ac 
\id Cairo, which Poft is generally cftcem'd the moft Honourable Go- 
Lment of any belonging to the Port ^ ha.vii,^ under him no lefs than 
[fteen different Governments ^ as alfo a powertui Militia, commonly 
koa'd the moft confiderable of all the Ottoman Empire. 

|ntl0O StcTmky in Europe^ page 15)4. 

iScUgion*] The Inhabitants of this Country, ("being Moors^ Turi^s^ 
ViArabSy befides the Natural Egyptians) arc for the moft parr ftrifter 
Servers of Alahowet's Do^rine, than any People clfewhere through all 
Ottoman Dominions. Here alfo are Jews in great numbers, as alfo 
liny Chriflians call'd Cophti^ vvho follow the Errors of tutyches and 
hcms^ yet not concurring with them in every Poinr. The Cbriftian 
lith was firft planted here by St. Murk, who' is univerfally acknow- 
jli CO have been the (iril Bilhop of Alexandria* 





1 2 





Concerning TSi1tb«ltl?» 


4. m. 





?i I 

■« Cbetween| °* |^ j-of Long 

»of Lac. 

'Morccc: - 

B^y&riKy comprchenc^s J^'//."{'""" * 
the Kingdoms of \rmU^ 

Tripoli — 
Bare a — -< 

« / Length from W. tj eJ 
about 2300 Miles. 

^ 1 Breadth from N. to 
about 580 Miles. 

I Videm j" 
o Jldcm 
^J^ i>'ldem 
.!:! J Idem 
tj ff Idem 

^ Idem 

From W. to E. 

Barhary being the mofl confiderable (at lead, the bed kncnM^^>^^ 
Country o£ all /ifrkay I (hall in particular confider its Divifio*^^^ ^ 

Taradunt •••*> 

^''iWoKocco are« 




Elmdin • 



Found fromS. toN, 


Fex arc 

Ft?^ in the main Land. 
Bem!( _ 


Larac ■ > — 

7rt/>;ger [novvdenoliftiedj 

- V^From S. to N. E. u{X 
the Sea-CoafI, 



._ ?FromW.toE<, 



'3rt IL 





^ ^ Gtgtart 

From W. to Er 


lomW. tj eJ 
koo Miles. 
horn N. to 
l8o Miles. 

Tunis are 

Tunis -^ 



^From W. to E. upon 
she Sea-Coafl, 

' rom W. to E.I 

^ Tripoli — 

Tripoli are < Lcbida — 

C Atifurata- 

Bare a are 

Zudrd - 

•From W. to E, 

From S. to M. 

''^"'^•] "JDArbary [comprehending Mauritania of thi.* Ancients, as 

x3 alfo Africa Propria and Lyiw ; now bounded on the Eaft 

he bed Un(j\sm^i)P^ i o" ^hf Veft by part of the Atlantic^, Ocean ^ on the North 

r its Diviljoj^^^ Mediterranean Sea • and on the South by Bildulgerid'] is term'd 

^\\t Italians^ Barbaria., by the Spaniards ^ Bcrberia\ by the French ^ 

in\ms ;, by the Germans^ Burbarjen j and by tlic Engl'tfl}^ Barbary ^ lb 

ild by the Saracens from Barbw^ (which fignifieth a murmuring 

[und) bccaufe this People feem'd at firft to their Conquerors, to pro- 

unce their Language after a Grange murmuring manner. Others do 

her imagine, that the Romans^ upon the Conqueft of this Country, 

it BurLtria^ and irs Inhabitants Barbarians, bccaufe of the Rude- 

and Barbarity of their Manners. 

from S. to Nv 

. to N. E. ur 

*. to E, 

[JCiv.] The Airo( this Country is indifferently temperate, and gcne- 
V ellecm'd very heathful to breathe in. The oppofitc part of the 
labc to Bdrb.iry^ is part of Mayc del Zur and Mare Pacijicum, lying 
pvecn 184 and 232 Degrees of Longitude, and 24 and 3$ Degrees of 
phcrn Latitude. 

l^'Oil^J This C'juntry lying in the 4"' and 5"' North Climate is very 
rni'o in Corn, and moll kinds of Fruir, .jlthough 'tis full ot Mountains 
ja VVoods, efpeciaily towards the Mediterranean .Sea. It brecdeth many 

dsof Beafts, particularly Lions and Leopards, with many Apes, and 
rnc Elephants, bcfuies abundance of Cattle. The longed Day in the 
lirtlim if Parts, is about fourteen Hours and a quarter ^ the fliorteft in 

Soiuhmoll, 10 Hours and an half ^ .ind the Nights proporcionably. 

I n^ 

* ;■ I' 



V' ■>'. 

1 I *"i.?ri 

■ *<; 'ITS'' 

!l '*<■] 






» ' 


Commot)itic60 ThechiefCowworfrV/Viof this Country, areH^a 
Wa%, Oil, Sugar, Flax, Hemp, Hides, Cordevanrs, Dates, Almoi 
Mantles, i^c, 

IRarttiCS*] On Mount Zagm^ (about Six Miles Sputh from Im, 
arc many Uui^sof an old Caftle, built by the ancient /lomitnj, with 
veral Latin fnlcripn ns, as vet to be feen upon diver*; Marble Sti 
(^.; From theaf reiiid ''^, untain to the Cirv of Carthjge^ wasonq 
curirus Aq^eduH : And upon Mount G«fj7:-f (in tbe fam-' Neighb 
ho^>d^ arc loiV" ulain t/edigia o( Roman Magnificenre, ftill vifiblc to 
Dav. v3 ^ ^" ^'•■- City of uMorocco dre two ma^^nificent Temples, 
built by Alt, and the other by Adul Mumen, which deferve the pariil 
lar re|:^ard of a curious Traveller- (4.) In the Palace Royal of the \ 
rofc^ Emperors (a Building of n vaft extent, and term'd by tli?Niti| 
Alcacave or M'ich'iHart) is a ftarely Mofque, with a very high Turi 
on whofe Top arc Four Apples of fulid pure Gold, which alcojjc 
weigh Seven hundred Pounds Weighty and in another Court of i!,c 
palace is a prodigious hi^^h Tower, fo contriv'd, that the Emperor 
mount up to the Top of it on Horfeback. (§.) In the City of k 
that famous Mofque call'd Caruven^ which is faid to be almofl hJ 
Mile in Circuit, and furnifli'd s\'nh Thirty Gates of a prodigious bignj 
It hath abjve Three hundred Ciflerns to wafh in, before they g^ 
Prayers ; and in it arc upwards of Nine hundred Lamps, which aren 
monly lighted, and burn every Nighr. (6.) A few Miles from the 
ins oi'Tatiger is a narrow dcfcent of many Fathoms deep, (rcltin'j 
that of a Coal-Pit) wliich lead:^ unto a large Subterranean Aparfm 
from whence are Paffagcs into feveral other Apartments, all oi Vmdi 
with good Marble; and no ways to be doubted but that they were 
fign'd by the Ancients for (cveral Repofitorie^ for their Dead, there 
ini> found in them as yet many Vm^ and StMucs^ with fbme In'cm] 
in the Fwucl^ Languaiic. (7.) Over a ccrt.iin Uiver call'd S,ihu {w 
runs between two Hills, term'd Benj-jajgit and SHego) is a remark 
Bridge^ or rather a ready way of pafTing from one fide of the Rive 
the other-, and that by the help of two l.irf,e Stakes fiKt fafiin 
Ground (on either fide one) between which arc extended Two Itri 
Ki pes and to one of them is ty'd a kind of a b'g Basket, able to 
tain Ten Men, into which the I'affcnf^ers hcin.^ cncrcd, and pulling 
of the Ropes, (which runs by a Pulley) they waft thfrnfelves 
much fooner, than we Europeans can pafs cither by Bridge tr 
Vide DapperV late Defcriptknof Aftka, 









|try, areH:a 

ith from 7wg 
Marble Stii 

^.TtmetO*] The B.irh.triatis [thus charafteri/d ol old oy IfdrJi^ir^ 

mi (inquit ille) Genus funt hom'wum juapte naturii cxda AxiiVfjimnTv... 

M]ue mn fjc'iL' akdens iy defperjtin fimiles, contempt u fcilicet m.rtK ;^ 

l!.///or//w] are now a People that's generally very Incondant, CraUv, 

k Unfaithful, Aftiveof Body, Impatient of Labour, and Covetous of 

Icnoiir. Some of 'em are fiudious in matters of their Law ^ and others 

;inc!in'd to the Liberal Sciences, efpecially Pbilcfoph) and the Mtthe- 

uti(b- The Inhabitants of Sullt\ Tripoli, and Alg'icr.^-, are migluily 

'''*^^' M^-^^^'w^" "-^ Piracy ; and many of the M')rocco't^ arc much addifted to Mcr- 

.l^f^'lj^'^^f^Mjndizing Difpers'd throuah all thefc Countries are the /^>\t/'j-, who 

fiiJ viijbic toM[-pj(.jjiiy in Barca) exercife their common Trade of robbing and mo- 

t Ternples, M^^qp Travellers on the Highway. 

erve the pariM 

Pi^ 1 /^"•l l3i^5Wagc.] In mofl of the Sea-Port Towns, and over all the Coun- 
by t,ie NitiB,'j5 bQrjjerJng on the Sea, the prevailing Ltrgu^ge is Ar.ikique^ or cor- 
pt Ar.ibicl^. In the City of Mcr:;cc\ and feveral other liaces, they 
!1 retain their ancient Language, or rather a corrupt Diaiett oi t!ie old 
|'ro«. The Trading People, efpecially in their Dealing with Stran- 
tfi, do ufe a certain /.ir^'!/! compounded cliietiy of Sp.ii:i!h and Fez- 
(jW:^?, not unlike to the Lingua IVunu among the Tari^s, 

cry high Tun 
which alco^etl 
Court of li; 
he Emperor 

c City of ftj 
be afmof} hall 

["^^'S'^H^^Jll^obCtnmcntt] This large Country (comprehending feveral King- 
, 5. ^nflrmsi'nd Provinces) is chietly undc the Great T^'cii:, and Emperor of 
)^(!CCo : To the latter belong the Kingdoms of Morocco and f'c':^, and to 
:m are afcrib'd (or rather heafiumeth) the following Tides, 117^. Em- 
leror of Africa^ King of Afjrncco, R':^, .SVw, and T,ijT.det j Lord of digo^ 
ff.i^ and Guinea -^ and Great Zeritf of Malrmet. Tlie other Kingdoms 
r Provinces of this Country, are moflly fubjedl to the Great ri//(', and 

s, which are 
iles from the 
eep, Crelciii'^ 
nean Apar^m 
5, all of Vrndi 

lat they werelfg govcrn'd by his particular B.iffdi fet over 'cm-, only Tumi and Al- 
r uc ad, there t^j^ (Two confidtrabl" Commonwealths, or rather diilinft Kingdoms) 

' iiv?^^/r''''ff°"^ ^^^^^ ^^ '^"^ ^^^^ ^^''^^^ rcfpj^tive BAff.t i-ppointcd by the Grand 
alia Sdbu iJlignjor, yet they're (o eager in maintaining their Liberties and Privileges^ 
\ ^r ^ /^"''^'I'^'it thofe B.iffd's are little m:Tc than mere Cyphers. For in the former 
^ (; ( n ■ T ^^^^^''^» ^^^^ Inhabitants have a Power ot chuhng their own Governor 
^A ^'^^ '^f^'^P^'n, termed the IVv, who rules the Kingd-jm, coniUcuces Caifs 
^ iT' "i"^ pjffeth Sentence in ^11 Affairs, whether Civil or Ciiminah Tlic Di- 
sket, able toljiKjf 7-^^,,^ \^ compos'd of one ^^'.£, oneC7j./y^/, twelve Olib.ichi^ twenty 
! ?, "fjy"! "^fo"r Bmloubacbi^ two Secretaries, and four Chia^nx^ wlio judge in all 
tetcrs after they have heard the Sentiment of the Dcy, who may ac- 
cptorrejert their Advice as he thinks fir. As lor Algiers^ Tiie Go- 
ernment thereof is lodgM in the Hands of the Army, pjrticularly tlie 
>lficers of tlic Jamx^Avies^ ot whom the C Muicil L.)t Srace is compoL'd, 
c';j/'i.tV||ndof it the Agt ot the Juni:(Ar}cs is Prchdeiu. It's true, the Grand- 
i^nior keeps always in this Place a B<_(f>fy with the Tiilc of I'ice-J^oy^ 

r Bridge tr 






■Mi' '1 



* \ 

520 Barhary. Part' 

but he's at beft but a meer Shadow ^ for he may not io much aui 
the great D7u<«, unlcfs invited by the whole Council, and when ari., 
ted, he hath but one finale Voice, and can only Advife in Marr^ 
Befides thele Two potent Republicks of this Country, rhere's anorjj 
v'tx^. That o( Tripoli -, but it is iDtirdy fubj^^t to the Grand Sign'iy^ 
governs the fame by a particular Bijfa. fcnc from the Ottnmxn Cjur-.^ 
renew'd every third Year. He is lionour'd with the Scandart of T:<«i; 
and the Title of Beglerbeg, 

3tmsi*] The chief Independent Potentate in thefe Countries bei 
the Emperor of Vex^ and Morocco^ he bears for Arm«, Three Whel 
Argents As for the refl of Bxrbury. Vid. Turk) in Europe^ page 1 9 J 

lRclig(on«] The eftablifht Religion of this Country, is Makmei 
iiifm-^ but the Inhabitants of Moroco differ from other Mahometans in 
vera! confiderabl. Pointf^ •, particularly thofe maintain'd by the Follo.v^ 
of Hjmet, (the firft of the prefentRace of the Morccco Emperors) w 
was at fii ft a kind of Monk, and quieting his Retirement, A.C,ii,\ 
began publickly to preach to the People, that the Doctrine of Hji'nt 
Omar, and other Interpreters of the Law, was only Humane Trad inoii 
befides feveral other chings of that Narure, which occafion'd luch ki 
mofities between other Turi^s and tlie Morocco's^ that a Turl:^'ijl Slai 
with them, is no whit better treated than a Chriflian. There are 4 
many Perlons in and about Algiers, wh.. likcways differ from the othj 
Mibumentam in divers Particulars. Some of 'cm maintain, that to fi 
Seven or Eight Months doth merit Eternal Happinels : That Ideots 
the Eleft of Gcd : That Sins a^ainft Nature are Vcrtues : That t^ 
JMarahouis among 'em are infpir'd by the Devil, and yet they sccou^ 
it an honourable thit.g to be dcfil'd by one of 'em. Thefe and man 
other fuch ridiculous Follies do they believe and avouch. The ClmiYii 
Faith was firfl planted in this Country by fome of the Seventy Difcipk 
and St. Simon the Apoftlc, furnam'd Zclotes, 


S E ( : 1 




Concerning 'BlJQufgcnU, 

* ■ 



d. m. 

02 00 

22 g 

32 40 


■of Long. 


f Latir. 

Length from W. to E. is a- 

bout 2040 Miles. 
Breadth from N. to S. is 4* 
bout 300 Miles. 

Dara — 

iklger'tcf com- 
Iprehends rhe« 
provinces ot 

iSegelmefs - 

Tegorar'm — 


EHJulgerid prop, fo calJ'd 
Defarc of Barcd 

Idem — 
Idem — 

Idem ^^From 

Idem ^W.toE 

None confiderable. 

pic« ] TyJldulgertd [theancientA^z/w/V/^, and now bounded on the 
Xj Eaft by tg)pt'^ on the Weft by part of the vaft AtUntkk, 
lean ; on the Norrli by Barbary j and on the South by Zaara ; or the 
ui] is term u by the Ital'iavs^ Spaniards^ French^ Germans^ and £n- 
i, 8'ildu!gerid; fo call'd from the vaft number ot D,itcs it produceth, 
pMamcin the Arabicl^ Tongue fignifying a Dute. 

|2lir,] The Ah of tliis Country is very hot, bur generally cfteem'd 
liindantly wholefome to breathe in. Tiieoppofi re place of the Globe 
Bildiilgerid is dut o^ J*4nre del Zitr snd Mnc Pacificum^ lying be- 
fecn 182 and 235 Degrees of Longitude, with 22 and 32 Degrees of 
phcrn Latitude. 

*ioi!>] The 5;/7 of this Country (it lying in the g"^ and 4'*' North 
.mute) is fomc-vhat barren, the Ground, for tlic moil part, being vc- 

landy, yet in furne low Valleys is found Corn, and great quantity of 
litcs. ' The longeft Dav in the Nortlimofl Parts, is about 14 Hours j the 
lortcfl in theSouilimjfl, m Hours ami a quarter, and the Nights pro ■ 

CoMimoliiticc*] The CommoJ'uief of this Country are very few,' 
[cychictiy conliilin^ in t'^fti) Cactcl, U^tcs, and Indigo. 





tM '^ ^m 

I'' i 


the main Ocean, between B-jadnre ar d ciic Town of knn\ wliirh in ch^ 
Winter-time, (when other Kivers do ufually fvvell over their Eanksl 
grows commonly dry. and j^cs 'hereupon by the fr^:'h Name iUl 
vere Scche. C^O ^^^^ ^^ ^'^- af ^rcfnd 7>^' - b.i is a I.tde Village, cal 
Deufen^ which is of great Anriquitv, b'";.a 'Jiilr ov the -'"' -w -m , as 
pears by the Remains oFfeveraIScru(:i:ure., md (.mcR.'>. 'j 5c^:u!chr, 
beiidcs variety of Medals, (found frequently after a Rain") having coi 
monlv a Head upon one fide of 'cm, with Latin lafcriptions, and U 
phics on the other. Vid. Dappcr'x late Defcription ofAfrica. 

3lvcl;bt2)0J):t.tlS5, &c.] Archbijhprkks , B/pjoprkl 



^annct0.1 The Tnhabituius of this Country (befides the Na;i. 
bein^chierty 'Arabs, are generally ignorant, cruel, lecherous, and mi 
given to robbing. 

Ilaujuagc,] All we cm Icarn of the Language commonly us'd by ti 
Natives of this Country, is, that 'tis as rude and barbarous as they the! 
felvct,. The Arabs here rciiding, do rtill retain their own Tongue. 

dHoljerumcitt/J This great Body is fubjeft unto feveral little Kings 
Lords, who (for the mof\ pirt) are tributary to the Great T«r(', i\ 
Emperor of Morocco. Sime places are govera'd in Form of Indepcndc 
Commonwealths-, and cihcrsarc without any kind of Government, 
Order amons thcni. 


IRcltgioiu] The Aeligion piofefs^d bvtrc \\iv<\ge. Tnh:ibitant.j.of J 
Country, is that of Mahometanijm ^ but many of em are funk into | 
grofTed Stupidity as to Religious Matters, either not knowing what tJ 
profefs, or profelfing as good as none at all. Here are feveral Jews fcj 
ler'd up and down in thofe Places beff inhabited. The Chrijtian M 
was firft planted in this Cour.try much about tiie fame time with Ei 
^Mry, Of w'^'-^h already. 


;rt 11. 



Concerning ^ilflta, or the Defart. 

di m. 

lCbc<.vccn5 °' °°l.of Long. C^ Length from W to E. is a- 
IV c 50 ooj •/ 3 > "'^" ^54^ Miles. 

^■of Latir "^^C^^eadrh tromN. to S. 

bout 330 Miles. 





IS a- 

pYjclif^ Vmvsyfitil 

pifity or the Defart, 
comprehends the, 

Provinces of 



\B.ndia — 
Letnpta — 



From W. to E.,'] ^ Aara [a part of ancient Lyb'ui, the Sea^of the Getuli and 
X ^ Gar tm,:ntes'^ now bounded on the Ealt by pare of Egypt 
y KuhJa ^ on (he Weft by the vjft Atlanticl: Ocean ; on the North by 
fMgerJd, and on the South by Negroe-land] is cenn'd by the Jtalianf^ •, by tlie Spaniards^ Zaarao Ikfierto -^ by the French, Zahara on 
\M.irt, by the Germans, Zaara^ or M^j//"-, and by the Etiglij}), Zaara, 
ahe Defart -y (ijcall'd by the Arahmm, (the Name fignitying a DefurPj 
kmk 'tis a C unrry very barren, and thinly inh..biced. 

%iv,^ The Air of this Country is much the fame as in BilJulgerid, 
cnly ahrrle more hot, but very vvhoi:on.e to brcache in- The opp' fite 
Place of the Globe to Zaarn, is that pare of Mare del Zur^ and Mare 
l\icipenm, lying between 182 and 243 Degrees of Longitude, with 21 
and 28 Dcj^rees ot South Latiiude. 

Spoil*] This Country lyingin the 7,^ and 4''' North Climate) being 
gener.illy very dry and landy, is not fertile either for Corn or Fruits -, 
yea, 'tis generally fo baricn, that its Inhabitants can hardly live. Such 
are thofe vaft Defarts, and terrible Mountains of Sand in this Country, 
that Travellers are frequently reduc'd to great Extremities, being liable 
either to be overwhelm d wiih the Sand, (if a Tempcft of VVind arile) 
cr to perifli with Thirft if it chance not to Rain. To prevent the laftof 
tilde (the firft being unavoidable in cafe of Wind) they commonly 
kill one of their Cameb, and drink the Water in his Sconiach \ thofe 




J . »t. 




Crejrurff txk\n^ \\\ fo Urge a quantity at ono tim^, a? fufficeth Nature 
tor tourtcen or fitrccn Days together. The longeft Day in the Norths 
niofl Part, is about i^ Hours and a quarter-, the fliorteft in the South] 
mof), is lo Hours three quarters, and the Nights proportionably. 

Commot)itirs,1 The Cf^mmodUies of this Coumtyare very inrinj 
Cdcrable, they cluerty confifting in a few Camels, Dates, and Cattel. 

l^atitics,] Nigh to C. B'].td^rc^ on vhe VVeflof ^^^4r<r, are cert i; 
Banks of Sand flrcrching along that y:\n of the Coaft •, towards which ( 
ftrong a Current fees in, that the Water being in a mighty agitation, 
buh Waves and Sand mixing together, do not only refemble a boiljn 
Salcpan, but aifo they frccjuently nijunt up to a prodigious heights 
(2.) In the Dcf^rt of A)\i(\un^ are two Tombs with Infcri prions upo 
*eni, importing that the Perfons rliere intcrr'd, were a rich Merclun 
and a per Carrier, (who both dy'd of Thirfl) and the former had ^^ 
\tn ten thoufand Ducats for one Cruife of Water. (5 ) North of Q^\ 
are lume Velligui of the ancient Cyrene^ the chief City of Lybia Ont 
ca^ and formerly one of the famjus Fentapotis. 

32Ci;t)l(IiupncI;0, &c.J Aycbhipj'pncl^s ^ Eifl^opYk^s^ Vnhcrfiu\ 

^AnnzttJ] The Inhabitants of this Country, being m.offly Ay A 
are an ignorant, brurifh, and favjge kind of i'cople, rcfembling rathj 
ivild Bt-iih thin raci-nal Creatures. 

ilangtjacTC.^ Wli.^r xvis Gid of x\\c L.iniUAge fpokcn bv the Nativj 
&{■ Hildulicnd^ riie iiuTJc may bcafyirni'doi f6«f romr.i in'y usd mq 
Councry, i/~. its as rude and bjrbjrcus as they whofpeak it. 

(Jr*oViCntmcnt.'] Thi- j?rear Country is fubie^^ to frvcral p^rliciii 
lords, whom they icrm Xcqucs -^ hw- many ot rh-rni wander upi 
down , hunting in great. CompinicG , accounting tlicmfdves indfP| 

'^tws j 

KKcJiffjot!,] Thi? Country being ftr.lct -virh .1r,?3.f, the only KcuX 
licre profcfs'd. it> thai .'.(' Mih-)U]^t's-^ bur to ijarbircus:iiKi brutilh \A 
j^ciicrafirytjf tins I'c-.-plc, tlvu many vA \m live \vit!;Out the Icafl rig!i[ 
£\chgi()Li amon^^ tlicm. The Chrijiiun l.iith was t n;*c planted here, 
quite c:;u:r!nin>iied to.v.u'cis the bcjjinirn- ct the Eijuh Century. 


Part Hi 

Ificeth Niturc 
n the NortaJ 
in the South 

re very inrin« 
and Cane! 

tKrf, arc certi; 
wards which \i 
»hry agitation! 
:mble a boilinl 
ligious heightil 
[criptions up^f 
rich Merchant 
; former had 
North of 0.vA 
i Lybia C)r^Mi 

Part II. 


Concerning the Land of the Negroes, 

d. m« 

between {°° J°^ofLong. 


■ of Latic. 

? Length from E. to W. is a- 
bout 2280 Miles. 
o/:^Breadtli from N. to S. is a^ 
£ J bout 600 Miles. 

he Land oftheNe 

^Genohoa — ^ 
Gelata — 
Tombut — 
Agades — - 
Cano— — 
Cajjena — 





Itl.c Provixices ot 

|ng mollly Au^^ 
■cfembHng rat' 




^Idem . 


Idem- — 




Idem- — 
Idem' — ^- 


Idem V 

Idem — 
Idem — 

From W. to E. up- 
on the North of 
the A'/^er, 

From W. to E. up- 
on tl-.e South of 
the A'ker. 


{^Zavfara- j 

■nbv t^^cNativ|gg|-j^gg ^j^^^^ 1^ ^1^^ Countrv of the Jahfcs upon the Mouth of the 



lame,] f^Egroe-lavJ^ or Land of the 'Scgrocs, ("unknown to the An- 

frveral p^rtid 

1]\ cienrs, and bounded on the Eaii by Kubht-^ on ihe 
h mnder "P^feft by part of the JlLintick Ocean on the North by Zaura ; and on 
liifclves ^^^^V-WSoMth by Guinea) is term'd by the It dliuns, Facf^ Hi Mori:, by the 
imi.irds, T'lerra de los l^egros -^ by t\\t Vrercb^ Fays dcs Kj^res -^ by 
Germans, Morenland ^ and by the Englijl^y Seg^oi^-land^ or Yhi Land 
\k Negroes ^ fo call d eitlier from the vCulour oiits Inhabitants, or rhe 
^er Niger, 

rhc only P^<' 
hid brutilhib: 
u the k-aO (\g\ 
tpidutvd here, 
\\\ Ccatury. 


lit^'^ The /I?rof this Counrry is ve>y warm, yet gen; rally efkem'd 
kvhol^lome fo b'-i.^'^e in, that Tick Perlbno are reported to be l-trcuj-ht 
ther rom fever c i -^ he adjacent Countries^ and upon their liay in 

:r any coniidcrable time, arepcrfeftly reftor'd to their former lleakh. 

: opp.ifue F'iace of the Globe to Ne^rot^'lard^ uparc of the Well A- 




'. ii 






526 'Fegroe-Land. Part 

mencan Ocean, lying between 180 and 220 Degrees of Longitude, wi 
10 and 23 Degrees of Southern Latitude, 

^odO The Soil of this Country, lying in the 2** and g** Nor 
Climate) is very rich, efpecially towards the River A'/^er, which ov< 
flows a confidcrablc part thereof, as the Kile doth Egypt* Here is gr^ 
(lore of Corn and Cartel, and variety of Herbs. Here are ma( 
Woods, and thofe well furnifli'd with Elephants , and other Eejf 
both wild and tame. Here alfoare feveral Mountains, and thofc rich 
lin'd with valuable Mines of Silver and Gold. The longefl Day in tj 
Northmoft part of this Country, isabont 13 Hours and a quarter; rj 
Ihorteft in the Southmoft is 1 1 Hours and a quarter j and the Nigt 

CommoTJttiCS.] The chief Commodities of this Country, 
Oflridge-Feathers, Gums, Amber, Gold, red Wood, Civtt, and EJ 
phants Teeth, fyc. 

ISartticsO In Jfuala (a little Kingdom in the Country of the JukfA 
is a fm^li River, call'd by the Franks^ B<io de la Grace t, oppolice 
whofe Mouth is a confiderable Bank of Sand, out of which there , 
fueth, at low Water, a gentle Stream of curious freOi Wiitcr, nioft pie 
fant to the Tafte. (2.) Next to Sanyertg (a Village in the fame Cou, 
rry) is a Well of ten bathom depth, whofe Water is naturally fo vel 
fweet, that in tarte it comes nothing fhort of ordinary Sugar, fg.) L 
the Province of Gago^ the fandy Defart is of fuch a nature, that Hw 
man Bodies laid in the fame, (for many Perfons perilh in endcavourii 
to crofs it) don't in the Icaft corrupt, but become hard like the E^ 
tian Mummies. 

2|Itcl;biO[)Ot)ncUi6, &:c.] ArchbtfmpYu\s ^ BiJJjoprichs , Vnlverlitic^ 

^^aitncrs.] The Kegms (having their Denomination from the blacli 
nefsof their Complexion) are a People very ignor3nr in all Artsar 
Sciences. In Behaviour extremely rude and barb-irous, niuiJi ^:,iven 
Luxury, addifted to beaflly Plcalures, and tniverfiilly great Idclaier 
In the Maritime places they trade in Slaves with the Europeans, id' 
to them not only what Captives they take in V/ars with one another, by 
alfo (many times) their ncaref\ Relations, even Wives and Children nc 

ilnnguagcO In this vart Country there are vivk^y oi Lan^^^a 
and very different tjrcm one another. The principal of which, are [ii| 
Sargai and Citber j that ot QuaUta^ and what they crdiuarily ufe 11 


Dgitude, wi 

and ^^ Nor. 
", vvhich ove^ 

Here is gr^ 
ere arc mai 

other Eeal 
id thofc rict 
:ft Day in tj 
a quarter; rj 
id the Nigli 

Country , 
VLty and El 

)f the Jukfn 
f, oppofjte 
'iiich there 
tcr, nioft pi 
he fame Coui 
iturally fo vei 
ugar. (5.) 
ure, that Hb- 
ike the E^^^ 

j jt II. t^egroe-Lajid. 527 

0r(ty In the Country of the Jfalofesy are thofe call'd by the Names 
?/ff) and Timna j the firfl being a Language that's exircamly rough 
ijfoniinciation, and hard tc be learn'd ; but the other is generally 
Wd very fweet and eafie. 

koDcnimcnt.] This fpacinus Country is fubjeft to many King*, who 
jbfolucc over their own Territories-, but all, or mofl of 'em are tri- 
jry to one Sovereign, vir. TheKing of T^mbute^ who is reckon'dthe 
[ftpowcrCul ot 'cm all. Next to him are MMdwg')^ 0'.?^i,and Cam, 


EcUgiciu] The numerous Inhabitants of this vaft Country, arc ei- 
'yuUmetans^ or grofs Idolaters-, and lome in the Midland Provin- 
ve without any fign of Religion or Worfliip among them. A faint 
"viedge of the Mojukd Law, was once introduc'd into fome parts of 
p land j and the Marabouts of Cambea and Caffan give flill a con- 
j Account of the Hiflortcal Part of the OldTejl.itnent. They ac- 
jwledgethc Exiftence of One God, andnevei adore him under any 
iporeal Reprefentation, They alfo own ourBlefTed Saviour as a migh- 
jPrpher, and Worker of Miracles. They generally ufe Circumcifion 
liilier Mahometans do. ChrijUanity got once feme footing in thefe 
liof the World, but was wholly over-clouded by AIahomePani[m, iQ' 
ids the middle of the Tenth Century. 





rom the blacky 

all Artsar 
iiUi:h ;:,iven 
rcat Idclaier 
}peans^ id'n 
". another, bi 
Children nc 


'•• li 


of Lm^^.ti;:\ 

hich, aret! 

iuarily ufe i 



'art I 


Concerning iStlUtcn. 


d. m. 

? ^Cbetvveenf "' '=°\oi Long. ")% i^'??^] f'°'" "■';," £■ 
ii J c 5^ 003 C 3 </ '?^° Miles. 

w (^ in 40 J J .S C oouc 560 Miles. 

The Coafls of At^degHette- 

.- Tiwan- 


(* IvoryCoa(\,V/. ( S ] T^^^o 

l^Goii Coait, fc- \ 2 J S*Georgede Mina 

> W. to E 

S^The Kingdom ofBinhi- 




/^ Vmccu 

"unknown tr> the Ancients, and properly a 
of KegrcC'land ., now bounded on tlie Ealt by pare of 
thioplu Exterior ; on the Weft by Tome of the vaft Atlanikk Ocean;] 
ihe North by Kegroc-land'^ and on the South by part of the Ethh 
Ocean] u term'd by the Italians and Spaitiards, Omned •, by the f>4 
and Germans^ Giiitiee-, and by the EngUp}^ Guinea-^ lo call'd (js 
imagine) from the Nature of the Soil, and eKceSfivc Hcac of the Cc 
try, the Name fi^nifying JJot and Dry, 



'.i ■ 

*lttr.] The Air of this Country is extremely hot, and very unw 
fome, efpeciaily to Strangers, with whom \i ih difagreech, that 1 
Jive but a Ihort time after their Arrival in it. The oppofite place ut 
Globe to G/</;ie*r, is that part of Nerv Gkinct^ and adjacent Ocean 
tween 186 and 210 Degrees of Longitude, with 4 and 11 Degrees 
Sjuthern Laiitude. 

^oi!«] The .So/7 in many Places is wonderful fertile, prod 
di the choiceft of Grai^^ and Fruit. This C'-'Untry is \i 
ifor'd wit!i Elephants, wholf: Teeth bring great Gain to the Iiij 
bitants, when cicher fijid or bartei'd for other Goods of th^fc >j 
chants who trade with them. Here alio are ieverai inc.s;iaafi!| 


W. to E. 
) Miles. 
hN. toS. ii 


- >W. toEl 

roperly a 
by par: o£ 
kk Ocean;] 

the Ethi- 
by the f>4 
caird (as ' 
at of che Coi 

TtlL Guinea. 529 

Lot Gold ; and in many of Irs Rivers are found fome Pearls of 
Jvilue, with abundance of Gold Duft. The iongeft Day in the 
Arnold I'art is about 12 Hours and three quarteis^ the rtiorteft in 
[xjuchmoll II Hours and three quarters j and ihe Nights proportio- 

very unwhd 
ch, that ni^ 
ite place ot 
;ent Ocean 
II Degrees 

;oinmot)ttics/] The chief Commodities oi this Country, are Gold, 
k, H'des, Wax, Amber-Gris, Guinea-Tepper, Red Wood, 



irittcs.] Soimpetunus is the Current ot [ik da V'oka^ that tlie 
tor abrjut a Mile near the place where the River dilgorgeth it (elf, 
iiw.iysof a \vhir.ih Colour, and is faid to have a fweetifh Tafte 
[iniJi ten Fathcms deep, (2) In fcrveral partf of Guhwii grows a 
Tree, (commoniy calld Migr.oioJ which having an inciri:,u 
|; in its Body, doth yield an excellent ( iquor ot much rcquefl among 
I'utives •, proving to them more pleafanr, ftron^, and nounihing, 
|[he choiceft of Wines. ( ;?.) In fcvcral InUnd Provinces of Guinea j 
|(he Countries adjacent, isiomctuTits lecn that rcmarka' leCnature, 
liiSuViige by the Fortuguexc^ [and by the Natives, si^nia jVliirow^^ 
\w}\\ ufually found in Angola^ fund there call d Ourarg Outangj from 
rceone was lately bnught to Ehjr.nd^ and view'd by iMultiru-'es of 
|:c at London. Such Creatures walk trtqucntly uv^ri^hr as ci- at 
Jr limes, on all four*, and fo near is their rcfemblance to Human 
I tlut many of the f^egroes either take them for real Men, inu- 
j that by long crntinuance in the Woods they're become D^'W)- 
|i), or look upon them as the fpurious llTue of unnatural Commix- 
y Some of our Modern Travellers would fain perfuade the World, 
ph Creatures are the genu iii Off (pring, either of the ancient Su- 
\)\y)gmies, (o famous among the Poets, and ib frequently men- 
Id by /'//«;', (who fp:ke much f,>f them by i:ear-lay.) Eut otlurs, 
niore fhcw of Probability, do reckon them Specifically the fame 
ic Ji'cs of BorneOy already niencion'd, p^tge 508. t-or a full and 
Uiory Account of this remarkable Creature, with a nice Exami- 
[noi the various Conjerturcs about it, 1 refer the Reader to a 
Uur Treatife on that Subjtti^ lately publiOicd by the Learned 

(IjbliljCpiicUs, &c.] Archbifjopricks, Bi/Jjopyiil^s y Vnwerfitks, 

<1 I 

I ' 



ertiie, proil 

uatry is •uiictG.j The Natives oi this Country arc great Idolaters, 

to the liiB'iuperltitious , and much f;.vcn to fiealing. in Complexion 

t of the bUckeft fore , and moil cf 'em walk auitc naked 

of th-ic i 



♦ 1 

55<^ Guinea. Part 

without the /cafl (hamc. Some of *em on the ScaCoafts are givpni 
Trading , and underftand Commerce tolerably well : But geneJ 
they're a cheating, proud, lazy, and fluttifhkind of People. ReJi,, 
able is one fundamental Law (or rather an ancient Cuftom)am4 
fome People upon the Huaquii-Coitfi , r/:^. That every Fcrfon isi 
liged to betake himfelf to the fame Trade or Employment, which 
Forefathers have folloiv'd. Upon the Death of a Husband in thcKii 
dom of Benw^ the Widow becomes wliolly fubjeft to her own Son 
any) and may be reckon'd among his number cf Slaves ^ only with' 
difference,' that fhe can't be lold without leave obrain'd from theimj 
diatc Prince of the Country where they live. To kill a confidcrableni 
ber of Slaves at the Funeral of any great Perfon, was a Cuftom (almj 
univerfal through all Pagan Countries, and particularly here, buc nil 
worn out in thefe latter Ages. 

3Lansttagc«] The chSti Language in this Country, is thxt calFd 
gx't, which is alfo underftood and fpokcn in fevcral adjacent Cnun^ 
particularly Tombut and Mdlh Of the fevcral Tongues in ufe upon! 
Golden-Coafl^ that of the Acanifies is mofl univerfal •, being current ali 
all Guinea over, except Anten^ Acara^ Ningo, and Sinco, which have k, 
their particular Dialefts. The Trading part of 'cm underftand and fj 

dPoberiimcitt.] This Country owncth Subjeftion to f everal Sovereif 
the chief of whom is ordinarily ftil'd the Emperor of Guinea^ to w| 
divers other Kings and Princes are fubjeft. Next to him is the Kinj 
Benhy who is cfteem'd a powerful Prince, having feveral States fuM 
and tributary unto him. 

iBeliSton* 1 Pag^^nijm is the Religion of this Country, the Profci 
whereof is attended with many ridiculous SuperHitions \ and in (1 
places on thaGolden-CoaJf, that Diabolical Cuftom of offering up 
man Sacrifices is iWli in ufe, but not lo current as formerly. The Pi 
gorean Opinion (embrac'd by a great part of the Heathen World) pra 
mightily here. Thole of the Kingdom of Benin do own a SupreamB^ 
whom they call by the Name ot Otifa^ acknowledging him as theCrj 
of Heaven and Earthy but think it ncedicfs to ferve him, bccaule 
they) he btitig itifinicely Good, will be fure not to hurt them, 
the very contrary Account, tlieyVe very careful in paying their I 
lions, and cff^'ring Sacrifices to the Devil, or fome badSpirit,| 
they think is the Caufe of all their Calamities. They likewife 
up a ye.irly Sacritice to she Sea, rcckoaiog thereby to appcafe the^ 

Ipjrtll. Guinea. 331 

Ud procure calm and peaceable Weather; In federal othct parts of 
cis Country, are neither Idol nor Temple, and many of the People 
M to entertain but very (lender hopes of a future State ; and wholly 
L the Refurreftion of the Body, except thofe who are kill'd in the 
tjfj. Which Exception hath been undoubtedly inculcated upon *em 
vfome of their Princes, and that 'tis very probable, out of a Political 


■T I i 


■ <'^A ',' i 








Concerning jOtlbUl 

*^ \ between 


d. m. 

\1 00 

57 oo 

^ >of Long. \ g ^ • ■ 

• ^ /becwcen-j J^ ^^^ 
fo ^ ^ 25 00 

is about 840 Miles. 

b CI 

r' ' 




Us ^ 

("North — ~ — 
Kv.h'm I 


•chc River A'w^z, chief Towns are 


ipaaiic/] "V T'o'3m [know.i formerly under the fame Name ; andij 
iN bounded on che Eaft by part of Ethiopia /'xit-rki 
the \Vf:i\ b\> ^ aura and Kcgne-lui,.' , on the Noreh by Pgypt and pjrf 
UUdulgCYhi^ and on the S:.>uth bv Eth'rp'n InUrir^r'] is tcrrn'd by t'sej 
lians dtid Spatuardi, l^Htiit-, by the f'M'rr^', Nub'ie:. by {ht Gemiati^^ 
b'tcn^ and by tlie Eng!tfl.\ Kuhiu \ fo calld from its aiicienr li/'^abiul 
ihe Kubi or Kub'ii^ or (arcording to orhersj the finbAc^£ and A':^ 
and finally fome would iti ^4anlc from NrnibLi, (once) chc Qp 
City of the whole Country. 

^tr.^ The A*/*- of this Country is cvrry-whcrr' eycrer.clv hor, ir| 
mg feld/.m qualified with Showt.:- of Rain. 1 he f ppofr.e place cf 
Globe to Nuhi.j^ i^ p-:rt v '• ''■^ay i/e! >:;,», jyinj^ between ?. :o and 24. 
grcesof Longiiude, with 9 Jiid 25 Dcc^rtes of Southern Laiicudc 

^Ollv] The Soil of tills Country (it lying in the 2'^ and 5'^ NJ 
Climate is faid to be very fertile in tho/b Par^s adjactnt to thel'j 
A'/'?i but clfewhcre 'ris generally vtry barren, Ixinj^ cumbered 
manyformid' jIc Mounra:nM">f 5and. Htrre is ^ood firre c.f r-^hyli 
tornc Sugar-Cancs, nnd (j.s fevcral rcforr) a few Mines of G'.ld. 
longcfl Day in the Norrhnioli Tarts, is about 1:5 Hours and hJf;, 
lliorrcff in the Southmofi, i J Houjs and half, and tliC Nij^htc yr; 

he a lb 


U ^^' 

[iCfl hi!! 


Furs, c. 
if^^d in 
liheif 1 




CoinmoDinc0*] The chief C-'mm)c::t''?i of t'ut ^'UDtry^ zk 
C'ver^ i'l'-^ar, fvcry^ Arms^ ^ti. 




^ N- F- to S.I 
?4o Miles. 
'iTi F.. to VV. ij 

vns are 

;Namc; and I 
i'iput i'Xit:Yh 
Pgyl't and pir 
rcrrn'd by tliej 
rhe Germam^ 
icienr lir'^3hia| 
.r^d? arid Ncbd 
(once) the 0: 

•en;c!v hor, ir| 
)U.c place ct' 
7. :o and 24-. 
ri i-Jiicudc 

y' and 5' N 
act nt to thei' 
ij^ (.umbered; 
■ore of RIc'i'lij 
's of G';ld. 

:s 'itld llu'f; 

:nrry^ arc 

ft II. 



|^;.\ritiC6.] In divers parts of Nubht are ftill extant the Ruins o£ 
Chriltian Churches, (beini;^ reckon'd one hundred and fifty in all) 
[^feveral Piflures of our Elelfed Saviour, the Vir^'Jn jytary, and many 
(its. Mofl ohfervable is that ftrange fubtle Poifon produced in this 
[0)', one Grain thereof being able to kill ten Men in a quarter of an 
ijr. It's commonly fold at an hundred Ducats an Ounce, but never 
Mgcrs, unlefs they promife by Oath not to ufe it in thefe Parts of 
World. RemarJwble is this Country for being the Birth-place of the 
|ious SHbhn Geographer. 

h:cljbi(f)OpvtcU0v Scc.] Aychb'ifhoprklis ^ B}(J}Oprklis , Vmverfipks* 

ItBamwro.] The Nubians (of a Colour extraordinary Black) are faid 
Leirtronp, courageous, and cunning fort of People, much given to 
j;r, very laborious, and manv of 'cm exceeding wealthy, there being 
lijiini'd a confiderable Tratfick between them and the Merchants oi 
y Cair in E^)pt, 

UitquagcO The Nubianf have a particular Language of their own," 
iich hi?'h r vc affinity with the Arabkli^ and Chaldean t, as alfo fome 
leiutrf ■' ae old £^;p/ /.in Tongue. 

p^^jcnimcut,] This Country is govern'd by Its own independenc 


,^, is faid to be a very powerful Prince. One of hi> Predc- 

fnrs, call'd Cyriacw, upon Information of the Chriftians t>eingcp- 
if^d in Egyptf is reported to have raised one hundred thoufand Horfc 
their relief. 


ileUsiou.] This fpicious Countrv was once Chriflian ; but chc Mini- 
tailing, the Iiihal '.'I'Drs, for want of Pallors, fcllolfl itomChrifiia' 
, jnd in proccfu >'" Tinir became either ilrift ^./^JwWff^tib- or ^'K)/> 
liters. The Co\i^\ .'' v •• Blcjied Gofpel did reach the Nubi ix, and 
cordijilly recciv'd by \.\r\ jn the earlieft Ages of the Churdi. 

'1 3 





,1' > 'I' ' .( >; 



If I 


i /■ m 





': i^ ■ 




Concerning CtfjIOpii!* 

d. m* 

between^ f | ^°}°^ ^*"S- Sl 
between! II °° |of Latit. ^| 

Length from N. E. to S. 

is about 5600 Miles. 
Breadth fromW. to E. is| 

bput 2180 Miles. 

It being divided into Ethiopia< 


'^Barnagajj'o — "^ 

'f Interior compre 

hcnds many^ Fatig^ 
Provinces, the j Angote - 
chief of which Amur a 



j BelegHati^e--' 
l^Bagamedri — ^ 



>"» « 



King' J Loango- 
doms of p row^i — 


Empires riWonopmkn^/ ' o 
of \MonQmotapa f^ 


Dobas — . 
J Idem") 
^ Idem /" 
Idem — 

ridem — ^ 
Idem — 

Idem •— 

. CamHY- — 
*^. Idem — 

CojoU — 

Aklinda - 

Erava. — 


.N. to S. 

■S. toN, 

'/N. to S. 

J;- tllcW. 


S. of i| 
Ah^lfm. I N. on [j 
E. of tf 

THIS vaft Complex Body being generally confidercd, as divid( 
into thcfe two ClalTes, vj^. Upper and LovFcr ^ or rather tthi.^ 
Intsr'm 2nd Exterior : 1 Ihall feparately treat of them both. Then 

I' I 

; i 



\, \ . Ethiopia hiterior^ or the Land of the AhyJJins, 

,C,] TpHIS Country [badly known to the Ancients, and now 

JL bounded on the North by Nubia-, on the Eaft, Weft, and 

^th, by Ethiopia Exterior~] is term'd by the Jtaliatrs and Spaniards^ 

|nii j by the French, I' Empire des Ab)ffins 5 by the Germans, Abyf- 

i; and by the Englifh, Ethiopia Interior ^ or the Land of the AbyiTms. 

IjCaird Interior, becaufe of its Situation, in refpeft of the other £- 

[u, being encompafs'd bv the fame on three fides -, and AbyfJiMa^ 

er from the River Abai^ or its Inhabitants, whom the Arabians call 

^j|)i, a People once rcfiding in Arabia t'jtlix. The Name in the E^yp- 

I Language fignifieth fcattered Nations, 

ljir»] This Country being wholly within the Torrid Zone, Xt^Air is 
lerilly very hot, bur yet in f me Valleys extremely cool and tempe- 
[e; by reafon of the many and prodigious high Mountains, fo ficuated 
Jiivers Place?, that at certain times of the Year they intercept the 
t beams from low Valleys lying between them. The oppofite place 
[[he Globe to the Land of the Abyfjins, is part of M<tre del Zur, and 
fir? racificum, lyine between 21 $ and 252 Degrees of Longitude, with 
|;and 25 Degrees ot Southern Latitude. 

l^otM The Soiloi this Country (it lying in the i'\ 2**, g** North, 
,ft^ 2'', ?*^ South Climate) is very different ; for in fome Places ad- 
pt to the numerous Branches of the A'/'/e, the Ground is fit to pro- 
ice m ft forts of Grain, Fruits, and Herbs, in great plenty ^ but in 
p that are mountainous and remote from the Nile, nothing is to be 
b, but vaft Defercs, fandy Mountains, and formidable Rocks. This 
Imdisaifo faid to produce great ftore of Siigar-Cancs, Mines of Ironj 
hreac quantity of F'ax, and plenty of Vines ^ but the Inhabitants eithci 
BOA' nor, or care nor to mjke ufe of thcfe things to any confiderable 
hiuage. The longeft Day in the Northmoft Part., is about 13 Hours 
k(l hah^ the fiiorteft ia the Southmoft, 10 Hours and half, and the 
Mits proportionably. 

ConimotJittcc*] The chief Ccmwodit'ies of this Country , are 
told, Metals, lome Gem?, Corn, Cattle, Salt, Flax, Wines, Sugar* 

Waiitjco.] Many are the Natural Silt-Pits of excellent Rock- 

i: in this Country -, and in the Confines of Vancala and Tigra, 

Ao adjacent Kingdoms ) is a large Plain, of f^ur Days Journey, 

Z 4 


i i 




i' , ih If 

' "li 



ii . 







t i \ 



Ethiof/ta. Par 

one fide whereof is entirely crufled over with pure whire Sa!r, v 
•ferves the Inhabitants of the Country, both far and ncir ; 
hundreds of Camels, Ailes, and Mules, being daily employ- 
tarrying of if. (2) In the Mounrains oi Gnjame, is a pjeat nj 
hollow Rock, oppofite co vvh'ch is another, fo fituared, that 
cording to Travellers Accounts of thofe Parts) a Word 
whifpered on its top, is heard at a confidcrabie diftanco; and 
)oint Voircs of fevcral Perfons fpeaking at once, appear as loui 
n great Shout of a numcious Army. (3.) Of the many Chri 
Temples in this vaft Empire, there are ten (lately ones 
of the firm Rock, which arc reported to have been all perfe(>e 
twcnty four Years ^ and each of 'em are faid to be proportir-n 
in all its parrs •, with Gates and Windows in a rnoft regular i 
ner : For the Jchncgraphy of one of ihofe Temples, Vid. Cmmi 
y. Ludnlphi in NifinrhAm fuam Ethiopicatn^ lib. 2. cap. $. page i 
(4.) In feveral i,akes of this Country, and the River A'/7e, is 
quently fcen that amphibious Creature, call'd by the Etbir^i^^l^Ani 
BibM \ and Hippopotami^ by the Gnek,^^ becaufe of its havin;; loj^^'^^y 
refemblance to a Hcife in feveral parts of the Body. This is 
Creature which gees by the Name of Behemoth in the Book 01 
according to the Lcarnc-d Uoih.irtw [De Anhnal'iha^ S. S. Part 2. 
j^.J who therein diitcis extreamly from the Vulgar and (form 
recciv'd ) Opinion in this matter. ( 5. ) In other Lakes and Riv 
is Ibmetimes taken the Ihpit h'ijh^ whofe Nature is fucfi, that i 
Vcrlon only touch it , he^s fuddcnlv fcizd with an exceffivc C 
and Trembling. The Natives arc fuid to allay the violent Heat 
burning Fevers by tcucb.ins; the Patient therewith. (6.) Of tMUn^U 
many curious Birds in this Country, the Pipis is moft cbfervabB'i the 
as being the ready Conduftor of Hunters to find out their Gan 
for having dilcovci'd any Eeafi in his lurking place, he's faid r:> 
towards the Hui.ciine;!, and ca'Iing inceiiantlv Fjiiton Kctre^ (> hi 
imports that th.y fticu d tolluw jiim ; he tiles fofily betbre the 
and is furc to ccndud tlu'm to their dc fired Prey. (7.) Great is: 
variety ot ftrans^c Animals to be t^ren in various Provinces oi this v 
I':.<npire 3 the nj';fl n- red cf which aie ihefe three, /////, Tit 
Creature commonly calld bv tl;c Native?, ArwehavH j [and by tl 
Ar\wi-^ ILiYijh or H.<rfhi:?}''] which luih one long Horn in its ff. 
hcvid : Whereupon Icme conrkidc, il;at this is the famous Unirc 
of the AiKicnth, SeconJly^ Tlie C.wcIeopArd-^ (To term'd frcm I 
vin;; a Head and a Neck like a CjhuI, and a fpotted Body as a Icj 
pard ) which is laid to h.;vc f.> lonii^ ' c^?, tli^Jt a Man mounted 
an ordinary Hoilc, may cJhly pafi under his Belly, without fo 
as toucliing him, Lu;//|, fjie ^ecnya^ which \l generally rccM] 
the m()fl cor?>.:ly Crc.aure i/f all (Quadrupeds whatfucver. 
J particu'iir Accuunc (.f chel'j, und many more in ihib Ciunn 




•' tl 

Hid as I 
tog 'al 



'e ini 

pre ; 
,v o'hJ 

tc ((he 


is th( 
, Tha 



In, 1 

Vi '^ r 


:d as 


lito ' 


\ I 




\lLudo^l>hus above-menrioti'd , IJ^. I. C^iP. 10. And the Ic.jrncd 
}tus his /-/ifrczoicun, Fjrt i. Lib, ^ To thcfc Rarities oi ihti'c 

,nrrv, i rni^'.ht here add the thrice famoui> Mountain of Am.ira, 
I ch uu.-;;!!! indeed to lead rhc Van, rarher than bring up the H^ar, 

ni, atcnrh pure if what hath bcin rel.iced of it, vvcre really true, 

,t''rthc Sabhaticjl Pyiver^ (mentioned both by rlhjy and Joi'cpLii^ 
[-.■.liich forne (,i tiic ModcTn Jeivs wculd fain peiluadc tiie Worldj 

;ff now to be found in this Cuuntry, bein^^ tormcrlv faid to be in 
\,'n) 'ris jufrly look d upon as one ot tiie many Ratbinic^l l-iUioriS 

:n,i; them. 

?;r i)bilnoin-k!iG, &:c.] Although the ^^^jJj/L^i- allow of an Er- 
i'licjl HiLr.Mchy in tiic Alcx.ind\iM Cl.uich, (v\lu)fe Kirriarch is 
y as their Head) vet they don'r now admit of any other Order vi- 
log 'em fupcrior C) thac of a Fresbjtcr, fave only their Abbur^i. 

It^.iimciy.] The Inhabitants of this Cnunrry (being Perrons of 

li.vny CJour ) are generally cfietm'd an ignorant , lazy , and 

MJiUS fore of People ; no': to be credited unleis they fwear by 

iile of tlieir Emperor. Oi f'Lveral ridiculous Cuftonis amon^ 

, one is > That they gcncrah'y iiare a Smir'i as the Devil. 

vk in 2r\i. about Ck.ixumo ^ are reckon'd the beft of the whole 

Irire; divers of therm beinp, accounted very in-'enious , befides 

Bv o'hers, who bet-ke themfclves to a dcvcuc and religious fore of 


Il.incjuage. ] The Al^lfiiie Tcn-;u2 fc^^ms n hr-c fome ArTmity 

•i rhe Hebrew and Ci}.;icLticli. it's divided into a great many Dii- 

h ([\\c chief and mort Kiin'd of which, is the AmarisJ and thole 

JiDditfcrenr [.anguages wirlii.*? the Limits of this Empire. Rcmarka-' 

is the /4it/J/"/;t' Torgue for one (hing truly finguLir, and p:cu!iarro ir. 

That \v;icrcas rhe letter A is reckon'd the firil, by the Ab}(Jir,cs 

ccmmonly accounted the thirjecnch, aecoidiug co LuJolphus his 


kovcvnnicir T'"'s Spacious Counciy is fubjeft to one Sov;,. 
V fbl'd in (he Eihivpian Lnngunge, Sai^^ifi (which fi^nihc? 
ti or Rii/cr ) orhcrways, N^gujelj A' ^ viVA*, i.e. Rex Re gum : As 
(■the Enrof^'jn 1 ide ot Prener or rfeA>>ter JvfjHy that's now rec- 
:d as one of the many vub',ar Eirois in tiie World. Ir's n nv 
bjllv aj.^recd I'pon . That this /'ihi)pian Monarch fancicrh him- 
I: to be iprung fr(^m Sjlomor nod M.-.quedii ^ (or Siz^aule^ acccrdini? 
I? rf.'.'/Mj Queen ot ilie South. lleV. hid lu alL v,e a great many 



4: i. 

.•'1 "? w^ 





vain and exorbirant Tirles, cxprefTing all thofe Provinces by Nj 
comprehended within the Circuit of his Dominions ; and ftil 
himfelf, The Beloved of (jod^ fprnn^ from the Steely of Judah : The 
of David : The Son of Solomon : The Son of the Column o/Sioni 
Son of the Seed of Jacob : The Son of the Hand of Mary : The sj 
Nahu after the FUfh : The Son of St, Peter and Paul after the Sbi 
^c. His Government is altogether Defpoticai , his Sobjefts hi 
treated as the woril ot Slaves. He is fo reverenced by the greatef 
'em, that at his very Name chcy bow their Bodies, and touch 
Ground vviih one ot their Finger?. The Empire doth not defccnc 
the EldeftSon, but to him whom rhe father upon his Deathbed 
be pleas'd to name. 

2|lnns.l Ti:e y^'\yjjjne tmperorb, for EnHsins Armorial, bej 
Lyon holding a CroJs, wiih the following Motto, '/'icit Leo de 

iRatlties.] Within rhe Limits of this fpaciaus Empire, is a gj 
mixture of People, a^ Pag:ins^ Jews^ and Mahometans^ of varj 
Nations^ but the main Body of the Natives is Chrijiian. TJ 
hold the written Word of God to be the only Rule of Faith \ 
that the Canon of Holy Scripture confifts of Eighty five Bod 
whereof Forty fix , they fay , are in the Old^ and thirty nine 
the Nevp Teflament. They're not well acquainted with the Ap^j]i 
Creed, but in lieu thereof do ufe the liicene, or rather Conftant'ml 
tan. As to the grand Dodtrine of the Incarnation^ they're gene 
ly Eut)chians, being formerly kd into that Detcftable Herefy, by! 
cfcorw. Patriarch of Alexandria. In the Perfon of their Empel 
they lodge the fupreme Authority in all Matter?, as well EccI 
aOical as Civil • and do thereupon wholly deny the SupremacJ 
she Bifliop of P.ome, allowing him indeed to be the tirft Pjcriaj 
but cfteeming it Antichrillian in him, to pretend to a JurifdicJ 
over the whole Church of ChrijU As they diiown the Pope'tj 
premacy, fo alfo do they difclaim moft Poinrs of the PopiOi 
^rinc; particularly thofe of Tranjub'jiant'utttony Purgatory, Serxk\ 
an uniinorvn Tongue, Auricular Ccnftjfi:n, hrittges in Churches, CeldA 
the Clergy, ExtreamVn^ion, &;c» They make ule of different brj 
in Bapiilm, and keep both S.itkrday and Sunday as Sabbath. TJ 
punftually obfcrve Circumcifion, and abftain from eating oi S.vJ 
hlefh, nor out of any regard to the Afofakk Law, but purely ail 
Ancient Cuftom of their Country, They're much enclin'd to gij 
of Alms, and vijfiting the Sick. Their Divine Service doth whj 
confift m reading of the Holy Scriptures, Adminiflrations of 
Euchariit,, and hearing fomc Homilies of the Fathers. ThcyreJ 

11, Ethiopia. 559 

urch betimes, and never enter with their Shoes on, nor tic 

unlefs upon the bare Ground. They caretully cbferve the 

r,red Hours for Fublick Prayer, and perform that Duty with 

Devotion. In a word , many ot the Abyjjines exprcfs in Ic- 

refpcrits a deep Senle of Rehgion. For a particular Accounc 

15 People, both as to their Rehgion and other Remarkable?, 

I LMphus\ Ethiopkl^ Hiftory. The Roman Miffionaries did 

vail about Seventy Years ago, that the Popiih Religion was 

(0 have got lure hooting in this Empire •, for they had once 

d (he Emperor and Court, and obtain'd a Proclamation in their 

THir, enjoyning the whole Body of the People to embrace the 

fiiie of the Roman Church. But the Ab)jfincs were fo loth 

Lift with the Religion of their Forefathers, that the Emperor's 

jvour to propaj^ate the Roman Faith, occafion'd many dreadful 

leftions in his Empire j which could not be quell'd without 

iing a Sea of Blood. Finding therefore his Endeavours to be 

i;n, and dreading the Confequence of making any new Attempr, 

iholly gave over the Defign^ and not only return'd to his for- 

Belief himfelf, but alfo gave leave to all his Subjefts to do the 

, And that he migfit regain the [almoft loH] Affedion of his 

f, he forthwith banilhed out of his Dominions all Komun Miffiona- 

ivhatfoever, together vviih Aipbonfo jyierde^y a Jel'uic, who having 

confecratcd Patriarch of Ethiopia, at Lisbon, and approved by the 

, had been honourably received by the Absjjine Emperor under chat 

after, and rtfided at Court in a peaceable di (charge of his Oifice 

i'cvcral Years. As for rhe plantation of CbriiVianity in this Country, 

cojiltant Tradition among the Inhabirant?, that the Eunuch bip&i'd 

%lip rhc Deacon, was Steward to the Emprefs of Ethiopia ^ and 

upon his return he converted the Court and whole Empire to the 

(lian Faith. But (following the Opinion of other?) this Councrv 

defiitute of the BleiTed Goipel till the Fourth Century, when firlt: 

■yfted therein by Frumenthis^ (the Son of a Tyr'ian Merchant) who 

confecrated Biihop by St. Athanafin^, and is commonly reckoned thn 

Muna of this mighty Empire. 

.. *. ■ 

!,' '^i'-r "f\ 

§*. 2. Ethiopia Exterior 

line,] "Tp HIS Country (or rather a CcmplcK Body of fcvcral 
J[ Countries, and thofc unknown to the Anciciits} is 
ded on tne North by Ab)[fjni>ty on the Ealt, Well and South by 
Ethiopich Ocean. Which Country , together with the Abjffihe 
ire abovemcntion'd , is term'd by the Italians and Spaniards, 
'l^if'i by the Irenih^ Ethiopie -. by il c Germany^ I'fhicpien-j and 

1 ' ' 



M ■;■ 

''■ -.1 






El bio pi a. 

:h. '1 

h' . • 


by the Eng!:fl.\ EthUpli ; f ) r.iH'd from aJ'^u, Vro, and <y'4, kJ 
upon the accnunt of its exccirivc Hear, the grearcll pare thereof 
in the Trrid Z-nc. This Fthi^fti is flil'd Exterior ^ bccaufe of it^ 
tioD, in relpett -of t!ic ot'icr. 

Utir.] ThisvaH Cxi v. comprehending feveral Kingdoms, Empj 
and Soverei,?ntie5, and th )re mightily extended from South to Ai 
can'c reafonably be fuppos'd to enjoy the fame Nature of Air i[ 
its parts. In Biafna and Corgn^ 'tis extreamly hot and would 
tolerable to the !nhabiranrs, were it not qualified in the firf 
thefe Kingdoms, by dai'y Showers of Kain, and in the orhej 
violent Winds, whicli frequcncfv blow from the Weftern Ocean.] 
Monomotapa and Momemungi, as alfo the Coaih of Cafres^ the Air is i 
more temperate ; in Zur)gnehur^ very unwhulfome ; and in AJAnl 
AbeXy extreamly hor. The oppofite Place of the Glebe to Ethi 
Exterior^ is thatpatof Afare del Zur^ lying between 210 and 25c 
i^rees of Longicude ^ wich 10 Degrees South, and 2$ Degrees NJ 

:^Cilv1 The various Divifions of this G^rear Body being {m, 
in different Clinures, Crarcicularly the firlt, fecond, third Northi 
and the nrli, fecond, third Southern) the .S'o// mull of neceifity be 
differenr. B't fira is (aid to be lefs fertile rhan Covgo. The Empire 
Afonvfiot.'xpj and Momemungi^ do produce abundrince of Grain, and 
generally e/teem'd verv ht for raituraj'C. The other Divificns on the 
and South Eaft o(rhe/i:';^(7z/;^y, arc for the moft parr, very barren i 
forts of Grain, vet produfti'-'C en"u;>h of fome Sugar Cane;, fe 
kinds of Fruit:, and Spices ; are alfo fisrnilh'd with fome confider; 
Gold and Silver Mine?, and every vvliere abounding with Eleph.ant 
Lyotis. So rich were thefe Mines found by the Fortuguer^e^ in 2d 
/Mr, and feveral purrs of the Cafres^ that the Country about Sf 
hath been lo )kt upon by fome Modern Geogr;!phers, as the miu: 
troverted L^nd of OpLur. The longcft Day in the. Northmoft p]:;i| 
1:5 Hours and an half; the lliortcff in the Southmoft, 9 Houisancr 
quarters •, and the Nights prop jrcionably. 

Comnio:)ttic£!,] The chief C''ww5^/7/ex of this Counrry, areG 
Silver, f-.mber-Gns, fon.e Pearli and Mu.k^ Kicc, Mill, Catile^lini 
Citrons, Ivory and Oyl, fyc, 

IHantiCo,] Jr. the Kinc^dom of Angola is found the Q^v'u'i 
row, chat remarkable Creature, cf whom already in OuifieUy i] 
(2.) Moi\ ions ci Crearurc- in Congo are to be flen alfo in Ar, 
particularly, a Serpen: (call ;! .■yinia by the Inhabitants of ^: 

[;tll. Ethiop'uL 341 

llmhAmm.t by the Angohis ) which is reported ro be of fuch a pro- 
[ij]5 bij;nefs, that lurs faid ta 1 wallow a voung Deer at one MorfcJ, 

In divers Lakes of Angola^ i particularly thoie nt i;^{//;,z/f(? and Angn- 
\) are frequently feen lome Water- Monilers, ternVd Ambifurgulo and 
W"'i by ^^^ Natives-, but Euy'iKjvs ^ive them the Title ot Syrenes^ 
hit Tvvhen taken) they fetcii heavy Si^hs, and cry with a dolorous 
le ref>;rnbling very much the mournful, yet charmin^^ Voice of a 
Ln. One fhnd of that remarkable Creature 1 have lately iccn in 
hepofuory of Natural flarit'ies at Leya'en : And two Hands in the 
Im Regium at Copenhagen. (4.) In the Iflar.d Lexando is a remar- 
[eTrec, lall'd by the Inhahicart? Eujada^ and Arbor de Rai^ (i.e. 

■KAukumJ by the Portuguese, ft derives this Name Irom the Na- 
jctics Branches, which fpring forth on all the (ides from the Trunk, 
J-erc'tis generally three Fathoms in Diameter) and many of 'em bow- 
fjjow as to tcuch the Ground, rake Root and Ipiin^ forth a nev, 
JiiVCiKir v^eir^lit they bow down attain, and rake Root the fecond 
Land fo on till they cover a th;.»;l".md Pace? in Circuit, and able to 
Ic under its Branches three thouljnci armed Men, who may find De- 
|e not only from Hear, but alio Hain ; fo thick and numerous arc 
(ic hiiamenrs, and fo well lin'd with Leaves. (5) In Icvcral VAn% 

Q,jnd South of the River fodnza^ are confiderable Mines otRock-Salr. 

ihefe, and fevtral odicr Rcniarkahles of this Country, I'ld. Dapper 


frdjbinjOpJlcUwj 5u^J Archl'ijlpr'icl^i^ B}fl:,p)'hhy^ Vnivcrfitki. 

JaunCtiS*"] The vjricus Inhabiranrs of thcfc many and vafllv 
bded Countries, are generally a bull. Savage, and Swarr!iy 

of People , among whom a ;:^reat many remarkable Cnftoms 
ail. To indance only in a lew : ii's repc:tcd of tl'.e Empe- 
\cA Monorr.itapu ., th^r whciKcr he drinks in pubiick^ the whcic 
itdorh j iintly put up their r-r-tyeis in his behalf, and that with 
by Icud Vv^ice, \^hicn Va:\v^\ iicara i;.i the Neighbourhood , a!l 
ions tiicre living are bound to d.) lii-^ i\\mQ -^ as likewife others 
;ng them , and lo on j whereby rhe wliolc City or Countrv 
kciit i-> always Icnfiblc when the Emperor takes liis Glafs. In 
|lvingd'»ni L'f l.\ivgo wxi maisy C.innib.:ls, and in feveral places 'tis 
tiu^l CO ie.'l Humane v"kOl pabli'wkly in S'i:iUTibles, us other Na- 

do commonly Beef and Mutton. In the lum-j Kingdom 'tis efta- 
id by An ancient Cultom, iji^t when e'er a bathicr deceafeth , 
iGccds belong not to rhe Chi-urtn , l>uc );'";• own Erorhers or 
Iri, who are bound to r.vke c.irc 01 fuct) ot r/ic litflc Ones, as 


are not able ^0 care tor c!i(,mitiv<,:. 

To add no mcrCj 

\i ^M i 


' i'' , 



- \- 

\ \ if 

i i 

. ^k^^. 


'■'> r 

M^ f 

542 Ethiopia. Pan 

We read of another Cuftom yet m )re uncouth, among a certain pp 
inluh'inngthe CafreSy vvhicli is, That whene'er a Father deceafcthi 
Children, both Old and Young, are oblig'd to lofe the little KingcJ 
ihr.T Left Hand, and to bury it with him. For deferring the h] 
mince of that painful Duty, they're commonly very tender of their 
rent's Health, and rake all care imaginable to prolong his Lite ■ wj 
was probably the Original Ciufe of fo ftrange a Praftice. Bui 
all the Inhabitants of thcfe various Countries, there's none 
obfervable for their nunner of living than a certain People 
unto , and upon the Cipe , and commonly calPd by the Namj 
Hott.intots. They're lb termed from a frequent Repetirion ot 
or fuch like Word •, and may hi reckon'd the moft Nilly and 
t'(hofaIl rcafbnable Creatures, having nnrhing fave the Sha^J 
I^hin that can lay claim to that noble Charafter. Their Bodieil 
ufDally bcfmcar'd with common Greafe , or Lome worfe ftml 
Sruff, which occafions a very loath fome Smell. Their ordinary] 
hh is a 8hccp-Skin, juft as 'tis pull'd off from the Carcjfs;! 
ihcy ufc (as Ornaments) the Guts, c«/»j puris NAtural'tbus^ wr.ipc a!| 
their Legs and Arms two or three Inches deep, on which they Ireoy 
Iv feed when fcarce of frefb Provjfnn?. Notwithftanding ihe u^ 
falJeU'd Naftinefs of this People ; yet fome Travellers talk 01 a cen 
Inland Canibal Nation (i(^rm'd Cobonai J who make frequent lncur(| 
into their Neighbouring Cjuntries, and fparc none they c.uch, no, 
the Swinilh //^ofi- themlclves, who, ('twould fcem) fhouidi 
bu: a very unlivery Kepall. 

IL^ancjiiajTC, j There is a wonderful variety of Langu.tges m thafe 
fious and valily extended Countries, which go under the Nameot £ 
pi<t Exterior. The Inhabitants of Con^o and Angola have each of e 
peculiar Language of their own. In the Eaftern Divifions, particul 
^;7,m and Abcx, the Arab'uin^ with Variation of Dialert dinh chicflv 
va:I ; but the Language in ufc among thofe of the Cafres^ efpeciall; 
JH-'tranioh-, .loth fecm to be on'y a confus'd and inarticulate Nxic 

(Hjo^crumcra. J The various Divifions of this great Ejdv, 
fubje^tcd to various Sovereigns ; particularly the Kingdoms of 
fir it end Ccti^:\ are rul'd by their own Kings, to whom lev 
i*t inccs are fub)eif. The Empires of MoW'mjtapa and Monoemnn^!^ 
i;ovcrn'd by their rcfpeftive fcimpernrs, (win arc reckon'd powe 
t'tincfs) and to them feveral Kings are Triburury. The People 
iKibicinti the S:iinh and Siuth-Eaf^ Coaffs of tliis great Body, (ex 
thofe of tie rrt/le.r, who know little or notljinc^ of Government) 

j-:>;etl to feveral Piiccet, a? Zari^uekn is aovcru'd by fome r 

u E 

Ijrtll. Ethiopia. 545 

jjof its own ; and many P!jce5 on the Sea Coafts are Tributary to 
^f^rtuguer^e. The Coaft of Alex dorh principally belong to the 7«ri^. 
ilaftly, AJAtt is p? under the Txr-^, and partly its own Kings. 


Ijcligiotu] The nnmercus Inhabitants of thefe many Countries, are 
rally grofs Idolaters, excepting iho(ccf2:./r^j<eK.r, A).ir.^ and Abexy 

incline to Mahomet am jm., and feme en rlic Coaft of the Lafres 

rticularly the //off<jn^ofx above-mcniicn'd) do live wichcur any fit^ti 

Religion, being deftitute both of Frieit and Temple r, and r-evcr fhcw 

Token of Devotion amcng 'em, except we reck' n thtir Daicin^ ac 

Full and New Moon for fuch. In the Kinjzd.-m of Loargo^ the gc- 

ility of People entertain a certain faint Idea of God, (whom they 

v\Samb'unPcngoJ but being funk into the blackeft Idolatry, theyad- 

[of many ridiculous Superftitions in their way of Worfnip. Howe- 

, the Inhabitants of Afatemba^ in the fame Kingdom, do vaf^Iy fur- 

IIS their Neighbours, and by fomc wonderful Marks of Natural Religi- 

, do publickly baffle their grofs Stupidity ^ for of them we're credi- 

inform d that they fct apart every fifth Day for Publick Worfliip; 

-vhichtime one of reputed Integrity makes a Publick Oration, deter- 

them from the CommiiTion of Murther, Stealth, Impurity, or fuch 

c; and to enforce his Exhortation, he backs the fame with the pow- 

Topicks of Rewards and Punifhments in a Future State; -ffright- 
5 [heir Confcience with a miferable State in the Society of Benimbe 

t. th evij) on one Hand, and folacing their Minds on the other 

th the .s of enjoying Zammawpnarfgo^ by which they mean God^, 

the Maker of this Vifible World. They likcwife ufc Circumciiion, 

Imitting their Children into their Religion by that Ceremony, v;hich 

perform' by one of ihemfclves fee apart for that Office. 

SEC i 



'■■ I 





Conserwug ths African Iflancls. 




i 11 ■■• 

'Mjrc remarki- 
biC, as 

The .^fh^n T-J 

T/./r/, 'g 'far 
HI'S o J Cape IVrt^'e 
Tiic CuihiY) i (lands. 
The AUdCia 

Illtf. of Ccrn'Ye, 
Sc. Tho/nas. 
<. The Frinccfs Iflaiid. 

^ The likci'Afccnfrn. 

Af:j\ig>tf::ui-, [containing many Frovinct^s, l>uc very unccruinl 
Chici Town is I'^nflicfej upon vhc S. F.. patt of tlie Illind. 

St.. i^'ihicnt / 

Sr, Luiia >'.V. co E. 

Illinds of Cap 
leyde are 

St. Nil ho'iti — 
Infill u de Sat — ,'ijia 


7-^^^— - - 

In ilia del i'U't; 

- Lavcrr'tii 

y^Furtc rer.rnr^i-- - 

Chief To^'fi f,i 
'is Sc. Jji^i in t!j 
file St. 74^0. 

.N. E. t.g. W. 

From E. to W. Chief To^ 
ol all is Cana^ia, m f' 
11 land Camviu. 

.V.uA'r.r, U-'uv^ in ;}2 Dc|^. ^oMin. Norch l.urudc, its ChKj' r.) 


African Ijlands. 


H E moft remarkable of the Afrkan Ifhndi being here reduc'd to 
Kour Claffes, v]\, Mtdagafdir^ Capd Verde IjUndSy the Canaries^ 

l^idera^ we flidll particularly conlider them, and then take a Gene- 

View of all the reti Therefore, 


^iiiCf] 'T^'^^IS ffland (unknown to the Ancients) is term'd by the 

I Spaniayds^ Iflade S,in Loretiz^Q\ by the Fretich^ St. LaU' 

k othf-rwile Daupfj'ine , by rhe Italians^ Germans^ and FrglifJ}^ Afada- 

\:if; wliici '-l (Tie was uf'd by the Natives, and flill retained. As to 

Title of S'. Lanrenci'^ the fame was given to this Ifland by the Portu^ 

, it bein[^ on St. Lnnrence'h Day that ihey made their firft Difcove- 

t ir. 

fcir,] The Air of t!iis iHand is generally very temperate, and by mod 
I'l'd to be ey reed'nfi wivjlcfomc to breathe in. The oppofite Place of 
iGiobe to Mada^afcur^ is the South part of California, 

boil.] The Soil of this Ifland is extraordinary fruitful in many 
t;: thereof, affording all things ncccdary for the Life cf Man in 
lit \'kniy. The length of the Days and Nif>;hts in Atadugafca>\ is the 
ti^'m Mnioernurgi^ they both lying under the fame Parallels of 


CoimuoDtticn,] The chief Cmmcdities of this Ifland, are Rice, 
Wax, Gums, Ciyfial, SlccI, Copper, Ebony, and Wood of all 



\vuma. Hi (' 

Janttcc*] Towards the Eaflern Part of this Ifland is a pleafant 

t.inl Valley, call .1 t-mboufe , which is Oockt with feveral ricli 

es of Iron and Seed, and yields pfcat Score of the Oyl ot 

«". (2.) Nigh to the atoreHiid Valley is aii cKCcIlent Medici- 

Wfll (.f hot WrtC^M , which proves a ready Cure Icr cold 

[cmixrs in the Limbs. V?. ) In the fame Neij^hbourhor. i is a 

jiMcunraiii, on whofe top is a rcn^ari<able Spr'ng ot very Salt 

|:cf, though upvv,irds cf thirty Lcap;ues from tlie Sea, (4.) in 

nijnd ( efpectiliy the Scurhcrn Provinces) are moll forts of 

era! Waters, very diH.-tnt both in Colour, Tafte, and Quali- 

; and f^me pLuYs afford large Pits ot iMtimetu ( $. ) In 

lll.ind ii jMi) a River, wh jfe Gravel 'm fo exceeding hot that 

A 4 thcre'^i 


African Iflands. Part ft^?^^'^ ^ 

there's no tre;iding upon ir, and yet the Water of that River is 
trcamly Cold. 

fanner©*] The Natives of Afjdagafcar are reported to be a 
cherous. Ignorant, Inhofpitable, and Treacherous fort of People , t 
hate Polygamy, and ftill punifh Murther by Death. Divers imp\^ 
Cuftoms prevail in feveral Parts of this Ifland, particularly chefcf^..) 
f/V/f, If any Woman be fafely dclivtfcd of a live Child, and afrerwardj 
die in Child Bed, the living Child is buried with the dead M;[(-,ef. 
being better (fay they) that the Child fhould die than live, having 
Mother to look after it. The other is, The expofing of their Child 
to wild Bfifis if brought forth upon an unli'cky Day, (as they t 
it) or dunng fome unfortunate Afpefts of the Planets, as tlkr 
tiajjes, or Priefls pretend to tell them. So numerous are thole 
they reckon imhicliy^ that almoft one half of the Year is accou 
fuch', and hence it is that this Ifland is fo thinly (tockt with 1 


HiUiguagC*"] The Lafigmige here coinmonly us'd, is as !)arbarru[ 
they whofpeak it. Almoft every Province hath its peculiar Dij| 
yet not fo different but that they underfbnd one another- fo thatl 
Natives of this lOand may be faid to have but one Tongue in conn 
among 'cm all. 

C^olJCrument.] This Illand is fubie<^ to m.iny particular Lord?, cj 
monly called Rohandr'ians^ who are continually at War among thenif 
about their Cattle and .Slaves,yet unanimous enough to defend thcmlc 
againft the Invafion of Strangers. Some formerly rcckon'd Six Sj 
reign Princes or Kings in MAdagakar^ others Four j but now every 
vince has its particular Governour, having under him various Vili 
(r e. Governours of Villages and Caltle?) who (land accountable toi 
in every thing. 

3Irm0.] Armu None. 

IRcHgion*] The Inhabitants ot this Ifland arc eitlier l\ti>w 
Mah^itiLtans ^ except thofc People living upon the Eartcrn C 
between Fifteen and Eighteen Degrees and an half ot South 
tude, term'd ZajfebiLraint, [/*. e. the Race of Abr,iham~] \ and o 
on the adjacent llland , call'd A'#/ Nibra'iWy ['/. e. The I' 

Abrufum] who differ extremely from their Neighbaurs in Ktl 




X River IS 

:d to be a 
■ People, c 
Divers fin^iiJr> 
rly rhercf\ib: 
md afterwards 
I dead M i[',cr 
live, having no 
their Child, 
(as they tel 
5, as their 
are thoU- 
ar is accon 
ickt vsich 

fjri IL African I/lands. 547 

i0.n. For many of 'cm are ("aid to obfcrve the Jeivifl) Sabbarh, and 
,emt only a iainc Account of the Creation of the World, and Fal! 
Man :, but alfo a few broken Tallages of the Sacred Hiftory concern- 
) Soah and Abr^ihim, Af:<jes and David. Whrnce divers Travellers 

i-iitCtuic that they're originally defcended of ionicjtwi^ who mighc 

jve been droven upon that part of the Ifland, none knows how, nor 




as barbarcui 

;ieculiar DiJ 

cr-, to tliac^ 

ue in con.i 

long themleS 
;fend tlicmld 
lon'd Six Sj 
now cvcrv 
various Vili 
.)untabtc to I 

§. 2. Cape Verde IJlands. 

^iiiur. j '-r-'H ES E Iflands fthe //ejperides of the AncFents) are ter- 
.1 mcd by the Italians., Ijola di Capi I erde j by the Spani- 
iy, Ijlii de Cubo lerdc-^ by the f'lencb^ la Jfles du Cape Verde ^ by the 
rwjnr^ Cape I'erd Infuln:, and by the Erglijh, Cape Verde Jjlandi-^ fo 
idtrnm the oppofjtcCape in Kcgroe-Land., which bcareth ihatNamCj 
j tluL becaufe it is, or appcarech always o4 a Green Colour. 

Iir, 1 The A',r of thefe Ifbnds is generally reckoned very unvvholc-*' 
:,iic, efpccially in 8c. Jag), thebiggeft and chief of them all. The 
l;poJite Place of the Glebe to Cape Verde Iflands^ is part of the Weff 
Wi/uin Ocean, lying between 170 and 180 Degrees of Longitude, 
;fh 10 and 20 Degrees of Southern Latitude. 

I^oil."! The 5^// of thefe various Iflands, is not the faire in all, feme 
iir. being very fcrri', and ethers extreamly barren. The length of 
[: Uavs and Nights in tlieni is the fame as in the Land of the Negroes^ 
h bocli lying under the lame Parallels of Latitude. 

Ccmmotntics*] From thefe Iflaris, the Portuguex^e tranfport in- 
kible Cjuancities of Salt, ;;'- alfo great numbers of Goat-Skins /'of which 
|iv mike excellent Cordevants) ^ and likewjife from thence may be 
lOL'^iu mofl forts of plealanc Fruiih, particularly Limons, wi-rons. 

tlier Vm>w\ 
Eallern C: 

of South 

n'] ', and ot 
e. The 111 

«rs in Kcli 


Coco's, higs, and McIgiis. 

kiant:CG.J The moH remarkable of thefe lOands, is the Ijk de Fi'ego 
li-i', i.) cali'd as being a noted VulcanOy ccntinually fending upful- 
Jurous Exhalations, and (fomecimes the Flame breaks out f.^i-Jna or 
hnii4 like) in (uch a terrible manner, and vomits f^rth fuc'^ d ni n- 
l:ot Pumice ffones, that it annoys all the adiaccnt Parts. In Injuh de 
tare many Natural Salt- pits, which yield a prodi[Moa5 Qumcity ot 
If'vm v/hcnce tiic illand derives its Name, 



i^! ?■ 



A4 2 


nil ' x 




African IJLmds. 

Part I| 



3frcl)bt(bO|)Mcfe^> Sic.] Archb!fl}opYhks , Bilhprhks, Vnlv^rflti^ 

flJJannGrs.J The Inhalirancsof thefe lOands being fortngiiere, 
much the fame with thole on che Continent. 

Ilanguagcl The Inhabitants of thefe Ulands being Portu^uerc 
aforefaid) do (iill retain their own Language. 

(BobemmcntO Thefe Klands at their firft Difcovcry being dcftin 
of Inhabuants, were peopl'd by their Dilcovcrers the Portugueze^ ai 
at prefent belong to the Crown of Portugal, and arc rui'd by a par^ < It] 
Governor, who ailumeth the Title oi' T/te-Ao/, and commonly retMcj 
in the Jlland ot Sujagc', 

iReltgionO The Portugimt here rcrtdmg, are of ihe fame Rili^\ 
with thole in Fortngal- 

§. c;. The Canary Ifl^yuh, 

jQ^amCtJ "T^^H &SE Illands ^the hfuU i^ortrnttx of the Ancients 

X term'd by the Italians^ Ilota di ( uiurta •, bv the Span'uu 
IJIits Can(tri(ti\ by thcfremh, les Ijks Canaries-^ by the Germans, Cm 
rijihe Infuln , and by the Englif}\ the Camry Iftwds ^ io call'd from tl 
chief Ifljnd Canaria^ which dcriv'd its Name from Can^ [i. e. Dog, 
Spantfl)^ bccaufe a vafl number of Dogs were tound thereon by the ^ 
m'hirds at their firft Difcovcry of it. 

Six*] The Ah <i thefe Iflands inclinir;^ to heat) is gcnffj 
elleem'd f^ytrarrdinary whiJef me. The nppofire place of thcGlc 
to the Catury Ijlands, is that part of thr vjff Cccukntal Ocr;:n^ lying! 
tween 1 80 and 190 Degrees of LoP[',icudc, wirh 25 and ^$ Pegrces] 
Soiuh Latitude. 

g)Oil,] The Soil of moO. of 'em is wonderfully fcrii!. In thelll^ 
Canariii they have commonly twx) Harveifs in the Year. Tenenjfe ^ 
ted not only for his high Pike (of which alter rvards) but alio d 
laurel and DragonTrecs, v.,here the Iweec Singing-b;rds do daily «J 
ble their plcafanc Norcs. Thefe Ulands, ^bcridcs cbcir great plenrv 
Fruits and Grainj arc famous for producing die bell Wine q dicVVoj 

Part It 




ocing dcftiti 

by a parr'r.Jif 
iiionly relMi 

in 11. 

Jfrkan Ijhmds. 


; length of Days and Nights in them, is the fame as in Bi I dulger id on 
Continenr, they both lying under the fime Parallels of Latitude. 


fiimt BeM 

the Spiiniun 

lermans, Cm 
aird from tj 
[i.e. Doa, 

;on by the Si 

IS gcnfr 

- of thcGI 

kriw, lying 

^5 Pegrees 

111 the If! J 

) hue alioni 
h do djilv «' 

ommoUit:c0»J The chief Commidities of thefe Illands, are 
Honey> Wax, Sugar, Oad, Plantons, Dragons-Blood, Canary- 

•rds, ^<^- 

B«iretiCS. ] Among the Rarities of thefe Illands, is reckon'd a cer- 
[:n Tree in the middle of Fero^ (term'd Garoe by the Natives •, and by 
ji Spaniards^ Santo) whofe Top is faid to be encompafs'd every Night 
[■[h a thick mifty Cloud, wh'ch condenfing into Water, doth drop from 
Leaver the next Morning ; and that in fuch quantity, as fufficiently 
|;[ve[h all the Inhabitants, the Ifland it felf being dertituteof Springs. 
[ifor the Ifleof Tcnerijfi, 'tis famous all the World over, for its pro- 
Jiious Pike, which (appearing to the Eye as a large Mafs of many 

cks, promilcijoufly heap'd up, in form of a rugged Pyr.?mid) is thought 
|;iome curious Naturalifts, to liave been rais'd en a fudden by a mighty 

ntijgr^rion of much fubterra» <fous, fulphMrous Matter, whofe forcible 
[(liption the ve»y Rocks ther-',felves could not withftand, but were 
[freby pil'd up in the manner they now appear. For ftrengthning of 
Conjefture, rhcy alledge the great quantity of Sulphur with which 
tijllland doth ftill abound, (efpecially nigh the Foot of the Pike) and 
feCoiOur of the Rocks themfelves, many of 'erafcemingtoSpcftaiors, 
long burnt in a Fire. 

ltci)bi(l)opnth&y &c.] In thefe Iflands is only One Bi(J.^oprick^ vi^, 
U of Canaria. 

^cimtcrc] The Inhabitants of thefe Iflands being moftly S[>aifiarctf^ 
[emuch the fime in Mat^tiers with thofe on the Continent. The few 
[Kives yet remaining, (term'd Oudtichits) do moltly refide in Mountain.*^ 
m^ and Caves. 

Latiguagc] The Spaniards here rcfidmg do ftill retain their own 

i>oDcrnmcnt.] Thefe iflands belong to the King of Spain, who for 
It better ordering of Afiiirs in them, doth always keep a Governor in 
wru, the chief Town of the chief Ifland. His Power eKtcndeth over 
[hefc iflands in Atfiirs both Civil and Ecclefiafiical. 

ItlcUgiou.] The Inhabitant? of thefe Iflands (as aforefaid) being 

Vreat plenrv ^"'y Spanhirds, arc of the lame Rcligim with thofe in Spain, 

A a ^ <^ 4. Madera 




> -fi 


I •',.'! I 

■|. . • 

It: vJif 



ifi ' 



African IJh/nJs, 
^. 4. Madera or Madera s. 

Paa if 

lf)aim»] "TpHIS Ifland (not obrervable of old } i- rfrm'd by ui 
X If't'finr and Spaniards^ Madera-^ by r!ie M'rc^, .l/.z^^J 
by the Germans^ M ■ 'rren ; and by the Er.gUp^ the Afadera or Jr^i-r,, r 
fo calld bv tht Ponufj'r^e at thtirfiifl Dilcovcry of it, Anno 1429. a^. 
caufe wfiolly overgrown with Trees ; the word /^ladera fignityin;' 

'SHirO The //rot . ''/-;.' .j be- ng very Tcmperar", confidering tl^ 
Latitude of the lH^ind, is generally eficcili'd very he.u'thful to hrai 
in. That Place of the Globe oppoiire to Miderj, is part of the vj 
Occidental Oce.ui, between 180 and 182 Degrees of Longitude, with 
and 35 Degrees of Southern Laiiiude. 

^Oli.l The A>,7 of this Ifl-ind is very f.rril, producing in ^re| 
plenty moft forts of excellent hruit;-, and a kind of Wi-ie that', muc 
cfteei^n'J of, being tic to keep for a long time both by S.' ind land 
The length of the Days and Ni?Jits in this Ifland, h much :!i idm 
in 2:aaY\i on the main Continent, they both lying under the (anie^ 
!c!s of Latitude. 

CommotJittccl The chid Comrmditia of this Ifland are exc( 
lent Wine, au\ ..ofl forts of dcfirable Fruits, as alfo Honey ac 
Wax, ^n'c. 

tl^aritiCO. j What moftly deferves the Epithet of Rare on rf 
lOjud, is that excellent Quality, either of ics Air or Soil^ or liori 
\v}^,ich, like our Neighbouring Ifland, [Ireland'] proves mortal r">i 
Venomous Animals 5 none fucli being touiid here, or able to ' 


brought thither from abroad. In the fide of a Hill, nigh Pcnr^ti^ is] 
remarkable Fountain, whofe Waters do fometimes iifue forth in fuc 
jbundancc, that the adjacent parts of the Ifland are then fubjcct to| 
terrible Inundation. 

'^VCl)diniopncfeG, &c.] Archb:fJh-)pr}cks^ None. One Bifhopyi(k,xl 
that of i'on:(at or louchale^ which is Suffragan to lUhm, 

il^anncrs.] The Inhabitants of this Ifland being Portuguerj, 
much the lam: in AfMwers with «'ofe on the Continent, but more m 
oufly enclin'd, (if that c.n It Ar.i fuppos'd) being mighty r^Uul 
In their common Crinjcs of Theft aiid Murtlier. 

Part if 

Irt II. 


:f rm'd bv t 

a or M.idcr.{%, 

'""^ 1429. 3C- 

t fignityingi 

African lfla?jds. 


Ltiti^uagc] The Portu^ueze here rcfiding do ftill retain their ovva 


)nridcrir!^ rif 
"'iul to brta^} 
rt of the V.J 
tude, wicii 

jcing in ^,re| 
e that':, muc 
V'" ind 
ch 'ii I'diin 

:hc (aiiK-^ 

and are exes 

fa Honey an 

Rayc on '1 
So'il^ or '/ -tj 
s mortal r^; 
able to liv" 
h ['cnz:tl, i^l 

forth in fiiC 
sn fubiect tal 

5otJCmincilt, J This Iflard belonging to the Crown of Portugal^ is 
')V 4 particular Deputy, whjfe place of Kefidence is commonly at 

LiCligtou,] The Inhabitants of this Tfland beitig Portuguer^e, (as 
r.iaid) aie of the (ame Religion with that publickly profelb'd in the 

:;dom of Portugal, 

flr'ing thus confidered, in particular, the moft remar\Me of the 
.in Ijl.mds ^ proceed we now (in purfuance \ our p-' pos'd Me hod) 
:.kea general View of all the reft, or thofetiiac are Icjs 1 emaYk,.ible, 
!u:h lllands (to be vcy brief) being ftraneely fcatier'd up and 
„n the /£f/j/:)p/V(' and Ati.intic\ Oceans, do mightily differ in their Air 
iS^U, acccording to the various Climates they lie in \ and in none of 
1 is any rtmarkuble Place, except only the Ifle ot Z-iotora^ in which 
J Town of the fame Name. As for the chict oblcrv iblcs relating to 
:;ir Inhabitants, [particularly their Manners^ Lingu.tgf, and Religton^] 
my fufficiendy learn the fame, only bvRamiDg th )fe feveral States 
Sovereigns on the Continent, to whom thefc ^flauds belong (they be- 
iaenerally peopl'd and portefs'd by fome of them). Their prcfeoc 
iicifors then [in (hort] are as folioweth ; 


Comore — 

i's rem.irk- 
lae Iflands 

\St. Thomas — — •• 
The Princes Ifland 
Aniiobon — — 

St. Helena _~ 

Afcenfion Ifland, not inhabited. 

"^the Arahiam^ 
the Natives, 
the P'rtug^uerj:: 
the PortngucT^e. 
the Portuguese* 
the Efiglifh, 

.-.nd fo much for Africa and the African Iflands. Now folioweth. 

1 !"' 


' ■ rji 

I: .^i' 

If ^ .' I . I- ' -iiM 



but more mI 
^hty rroticif 

A a 4 







■f<' J V ^ o t o 







Part II. 






1^ rs^ctico or ji5. spam— 
15. ^cf. or (S?cina5n~- 

!<; mm 



Carta CanaUcnfis- 
'^ iCcrra atctica- 
rCerra jTi'tma 

c Mexico, 
S, Fee, 





Land of the StmajOniS 



^ is<; 

Cerra ^affenanica- 
Ccrta antatctica— 

iS". Fi?^ deBagota, 

S. Salvador, 


To thefe add the American Iflands. 
Of all which in Order. Therefore, 

rt"r •!' 







Part M. II. 

SEC T. I. 

Concerning OdttitO or jOeto @)pa(lt* 

'^ \bccvvccii< 



d. m. 

297 CO S 


°« ^^lofLaw. 


Length frc ; S. E. m K, 
is about 2',jo Mi.'=5. 

Bread I '^ from i \\', \^ 
bout 840 Miics. 

(Audience of G uMialajura — 1 ■ C Idem ) 
Audience oi Mexico > . < Idem > 

lidiciice ot On At J a ma — j ^ 



CinaloA ' 

Gu^tdaU^^u com- j ^,^,,,,,,_ 

prebends tlie-^ GuaduUpra- 

ITcvinces ot i r^r.rm./^,.-. 

{^XalifcQ — -~ 

^ ■ J 'g'i de Gnat ) \ ■' ""^1 

n cn<: 


ivers n 


.\fexic3 compre- 
hends the Pro- 
viQces 0^ 



Los Angelas- 
Anteque^a — 



»u he Mif* \i 
fr m N.toSj 


Id- .11- 

6. 'iebajhan '.On tlic SeaC 
Comp')J}ella--'J frcHi N. toS 



]>.^<J Idem 


Idem — -— ■ 
Idem— -^ — 

iiuatmaia ccm- 
preliend: the<| 
Vruvinces ot 

On 5i/t//x .Wf 
^ Cijn«i" troni 
W. to S. E 


Nicaragua — 
Veragua — 
I'vra F^x-- 

Fori Royal- 


Leon ^ S. E. cnt 

Carthago V South Sa 

Concept icn- 

New Valladnlidf From 5. F, 

Idem > N. W. up 

^Cividud rtat ^ Sinii\ M<: 


J nil a 
1:8 an( 

;:d wir 

lunie r 


'to;;, Sl 

dlaw J 

ii'c.'i cc 
i] com" 
1 Trre 
:;c, Ho 


Keiv Spain 



Elf'] np HIS Country (difcovcred at lirfl hy J jhnOrijjhe, but 
X more exaftly view'd, and ac h\\ conquer'd by the Valiant 
y^jnclo CcrtcT^, Anno i$i8.) is bv-iundcd rn the Eaft by tl.e Gult oi 
V. ; on the Weft by AUre Jet Znr ; on the N jrth by A'.tm Granada, 
:n the South by Terra firma, it is icrm'd by the Jtaliim, Spagna 
I'U'^ by the Spaniards, Kun'O. Ejpana ■, by th.e h'rench, SmveLt 
^tr^ by the Gfr/wrfMj-, A>m Spjtven ; nnd bv the EngHfh, Mcxici or 
SpJ'"^ taird Mexico from the chiei'Cicy thereof- and AVn? .V/'z/n, 
[•ftinguilh it from the Kingdom ol Spuin in Europe. 

Iir.] Norwithftanding this Cuiurrv (for the moft part) Heth within 
W^rrid Zone, yet the Air is veiy tcmfer.ue, and generally reclcon'd 
Jjirdinary wholfumt to breailicin, brin", quaiined with rctrcfhing 
(ivers in the hottelt Month, and cold Ercezcs from the Sea all the 
The cppofjte Place of the Globe to Nnr Spain, is part of the 
jjjndia Ocean, lying between Round 117 Degrees of Longicudc,^ 
18 and yj ue^recsot South Latitude. 

Sioil.l T!iis Courrry fying in the 5'^ and 4*'' N')rth Climate) is 
:d w:rh 3 very ferile 6'-)//, producing; many forts of Gm/o, as Wheat, 
L'v. Pulfc, ana Maize, (everal kinds ci i'ruiti\ as Pom^ranatcf, 
L."s. jmons. Citrons, M.ilicjtons, Clicrics, fears, Apples, bis:?, 
H-[\i...5-, and ^jreat plenty of Herbs, Plant% And Koors. Here alio 
lloine rich Nines of G«:.ld and Silver, and ^afl and fpicic^us I'lains, 
(rJingtiie bcllot Pafiurage. The lon>f,tit f>j; in the Northmofl Tart 
iriis Counrry, is about i-j Hours and tiuee quarter*; the (horteft ia 
[jouchmoft 12 a'ldan half ^ and the N;[;iifs proptfrtiouably. 

IfommoiiJtiCS.] The chief roww^V/7/V>ol ihis Country, are Wocl', 
pi,, Silk, Cocheiieei, Heather?, ILiuv, lialm, Amber, Salt, 
pa'. Hides, "iub.icco, Ginger, and divers Medkinal Dru^s. 

Parities. J About three Lear^ues from O/uv-rr./, is the Stump of 
Icilow i ree. (cali'd TLioChiXJ^uJ w.'iich was o( a prodi^;ious big- 

uhcn int''-,% bein^^, t^cil reckun'd fixtccn bathonib m compals near 

1V."C, and l'..mewhathi;^rier, twelve. Cclore iwas Thunder-flruck^ 

cccaiion'd the tioll i.vrcis) no fewer t!:an a thouland Men ['tis 

■' couid con^'er.icntiy iiielter tlicmieives from Rain, under its wide 

[ei.dcd Hjij^Hi. (2.) in fevcrji parts ot r'ns Counrry tir.iws a cer- 

Free (caii'd Ma^u^) } which may be laid to \;cld Water. Oil, 
|;;c, Hone;, and Vine{;ar. Kor the I>x'" . I the free b.:inj^ big and 

'^v , c r.rauT: a goc d quantity of l.iciuar as limpid 4S the bell 
dar^in-warer, and ilie S.:rtacc thcrcoi is c vcrd with a pure Oily 
i-iunav L'"/.rjr beJ.ip, a htde bjil'd,*i;s like a good pa- 


■V ; 



556 Vew Spam. p^^j 

Jatable wines If iriuchboil'd if s extremely fweet,and if long kcirr 
boird) no Vinegar is fowrer. (^.) In the Audience oiOuatimAlt 
fevcral remarkable ^«/c4no's, parcicularly that near . Rfa-Lc]-) 
towers up like a Sugar-Loaf to a great height, and always Imr/Kcs.l 
alfo the burning Mountain of Leor^ Well ot the Lake Nicer, '^uu, I 
frequently evacuares l^ire as well as Smoak. (4.) Nigh to (JifatulA 
the Weftcrn Coafl is a great hollow Rock, (call'd by the Sp^/i/./c'] 
f dove J whichhavinj^a large Hole in its top, makes a hideous Noi 
every Sur-^^e of the Sea, and fpouts up Water fas a Whale) to a p] 
g,ious height. In f^me parts of this Cjuntry, are feveral Spring 
W.iter, fo impregnartd with certain Minerjis, the Cujient if 
from them is of fodarkifb a Colour, that it refembles a Stream of! 
(6.) Remarkable is the Lake of Akxtcf) ioi feveral Particulars: As| 
Its hiiving two forts of Water, vir. FrefJiind Suit, Secondi)^ Thj 
Frcfli is ufually Calm, and aboundeth with Fifties ; whereas the SJ 
for the moft parr, Boifterous, and breedcth none. Thirdly^ m 
middle of this Lakeia a pleafaut Rock, out of which doth ilTueacI 
tferabfe Stream of hoc Water, much eiteem'd of for fcvera! Dinenij 
JLaJfly^ Upon this Lake are feveral delightful artificial Gardens, 
Hockt with variety of Herbs and blowers, and moveable from one i 
to another, being fupported by large Floats of Timber. I iJ. J. A 
his Natural and Moral H'ljhry of the Indies. 

31tcl)bifli01?nc^.] Here is one Spatu(h Arcbbifliiprkl^y t/^. Tlia 

2il?ifl)opucU0*] SpMyjl) Bifl:^pr:cl:^s^ erefled here, are thefeoi 

I era pa::^ 
Vuebb df los 


St. J ago de hs Cavull 
Leon in Nkurj^ud^ 





^ilmtjcrflticc 1 

iJi^nimcrc,] The Natives of rliis Country, are now eflccm'd a Tci 
very Civil and D;)rile, and extraordinary baichlul co thole they ! 
Some of 'cm arc Id wonderfuliy iugeiii>us, cfpecially in PaintiH!;, 
making m >fl lively Pioiurcs wifh various colour'd feathers ot 
tain litilc Birds c.ili'd Cwcona. O hers arc laid ti» play^ 
well upon divers Infliuiricnt«^. In fliort, the gencrility nl 
Tcople is lo civili/.'(i, tl,at they live alter the nunnerot the Si^ma 
favca lew, comm-mly rcliduij; intiic Mountains, who coruiriuc as^li 
jnd Savage as ever. Tlic Spmards horc reiidjni^ arc much the !J 
with ciiolc la 5/.(.'«. 

't II. 

Keiv ^~ 



^;i5Ua;^C.] The prevailing Language m this Country, \b the Spa- 
\[ being not only if« I'le amon'», the Spanu^rJs^ but alio the Natives 
|ic!veb, '.no generally unnerOaiid and fpcak the fame. 1 he various 
[ftsol their ancient Jargon do daily dccrtale, and in a lew Genera- 
■ ivill be quite extinguiflid. 

fflllcrmucUtO Tlii? large and pleaDnt Country, was of old fuhjeft 

.rid rill'"' hv itb ;uvt, Suv^-ici;:,.' I'r'ncf;^, call'a Kings oi Mexico^ 

lid contii u(.l (according to probable Cnnje^uTs) a mighty and 

■■iii^ M"n.!icn V f'^r r':'vt.,'-rtl Ages, before iwas in ^ 'd d by Spaniards : 

%'\\>. tL.;lv cv 'u ucrd by them with only a handful of Men, Anna 

\. ;;u^; T ih*; v.iliv,v Ferdin.wn: Ccitez^y it hath ever fince remained 

ttcuthe Crc/v..i r,\ Sytir^ h. ing govcrn'd by a P'ice-Roy commonly 

jinga'' yvf(.'v»f3, nhd t.. inn* is iarruilcd th^ overfight of the G^ver- 

Icfrhe various Prcvince^ belonging to hisCatholick Majefly in North 


Bcltgion. 1 Tlie Inhabitants of rhis Country arc partly Chrifiian^ 
[y ^'agun^ and (as 'twere) a mixture ot the two. The Spaniards arc 
iPapilts, .'vo r..:in^ to the A:i^i l^rotcffion ut Popery in their own 
IKry. Of ■ Native*;, mr* do llilJ retain their HeatheniQl Wor- 

jnd indceo i.iuliicudes arcconvrted roCliriflianitv, according to 
iJjrtri'-e of t'lc Church o{ Rrmc ; but (by our laccft Accounts) 

re hardly pcrfuadcd as yet of chc Truth of thoJe Doftrincs taught 


'1™ *' 

.. 111! 




• ■'.,'." 

,8 'it 




S h 

C T. 11. 

Concerning BclU ^ZKiCO or B05jil «SfaitntS.1. 


This Country '^^ of no ccrc;iin Extent nor Divifion, its cliirf To\^ 
S. Fee or Sew Mexico^ upon the Bivcr h'in-th. 

H^amc] TpHlS Country (difcovcr'd by the Span'hir.'{<^ /^nr i 
1 and bounded on the EaO by f'/or /./.;• oiithcWr 
part of C.i!ifirni:t ; on the North by Zi-Tv^ A\^lka\ ;ind on the SojrJ 
Mex'uo or Sex(> Spn'm) istemi'd by the Itdl'hws^ Grun.idiiSnvilA 
the Sj^afuarc/sy Sucv,iG^an.:d,i-^ by the I'rcmh^ N melle (iravid.i^hA 
(jenmrs^^ and (n the Eu^!i(l.\ A'^-w /Vftwao or Sovui 
nad^. It Ajs cal!'d Mcxic\ after the Empire of thjc Name, dekrihl 
the f"orc.:;0:n^ SVrtiori ; :\m\ the Epicnet Kun.i (or KewJ uasaddd 
the S\ui'Lirds, to diftinguifli it Irom the laid t'mpire, its OilcovcrJ 
in.^ poflerior to tharol Mexico. The Title of KovaGrainda, \vn| 
given it by the Spanlirds^ and chat trom a Province of the lame 
in their own Country. 

♦Sitr.l The A:r of this Cnuntrv r.ircordin^ to the Climate) isal 
<?antly temper.itc, and fxnerallv eOeemd very vvholl..nie to breath 
})Ut attended with the great Inconvemenry if frequent Hurricane; 
fides Thundei .ind Lii^htning. TIk' oppofitc Place of ilie Gljbe r. . 
(Jrar.adA, is partoftiie E//;i6/;/((' (;rcan, lyinabccwccn 7 . and 
Degrees of Loncjjtude, with 20 and 40 Degrees of S;uth Laiicudc. 

^:Ctl«] This Country is but badly known, aid the S'/7of tliofc. 
already diicovcr'd, very ordin iry ; being ^^ener.illy a dry, tindv, bij 
Ground, far infcri'or to mTtotlitr Countries in --i.wj/Li/, behni^iaj 
the Sp^nu.irdi. Irs bounds bein^ undetermin'd ;elp'jcially in tlicNonhi 
Parcsj wc can fay nothing ot the true extent ot its Days and Nij^hr:] 

CoinmotitiC0»] This Country being none ofthcbcO, and bur 
frcqurnttd b\ S-ran^jers, it.- Com//;5(a'///t'j- arc very lew, Cattle bcmJ 
chict r on'y thing they trade in. 

lRnnt;cc/J what chinas in Kov.t Gran.tdj do truly merit the K 
of liure and Cin'om^ wc innfl reter to cliC better Difcovcry ol A 
Ages, our Knowledge of this Country being 45 yet but very ll:nu' 


at II. 



JrcbbifliopzicfeS:, &c.] ArcfMnprkkf, Bipjoprhksf Viiiverfincf, 


UauucrsO The inhabitants of this Country Cey.cepx. thof< 'I'd 
ki'fx in the Snuthmoft Parts) are laid co be of i much lefs Sjv^g- 
kperthan moft ot the wild Americans. Thty are much given to 
uting, and feveral of 'em underftand Agriculture tolerably utll, 


kiirtOjaagcO The Spaniardi here rciidin?^ do commonly ufe the 
hah Tongue. As for the Natives of this Country, they retain their 
[iiJ(jr^o«, (jf which we can give no account. 

polJCvmiiem.] The ^'ew AUxkans ?re Hill govern'd by cerriinCap- 
Iq^ ot their own, c.iil'd CAnqua ^ but the Spariards licre refiding, 
Jrhofe of the civilized Natives, aic rui'd by a particular Governour, 
li thither by the Kino oi' Spain., whofc place of Hciidencc is ordinaii- 
ll(i'<fn^i Fee, upon the River Sort, 


lRcUgiOtt»J The Natives of this Gunrry are generally v^rofs Idola- 
!, and many of 'em have litrle or no Sign of Religion at al!. Th<^ 
siurdf here rcfiding, arc the lame in Ueli;^K)n with thole in Ei!ro['\ 


' '< 


;■ r 


J ; 



Concerning JflOjUia* 

d. m. 

betweenj ^„ ?° >of Lacir. 


■^ "N lengrh from W. to E. 

^ / bout 1000 Miles. 

^tj f Breadth from N. toS. 
.£ J bcut 5oo Mi!es. 

The large Country of Florida bein^ of no certain Divifirjn?, m 
CCoc<t, in the nuia Lund. 
Chief Towns are< 5, Augujlive, } . „ • , , r-r n 

^amCt] "Tp H I S Country (tirll difcover'd by Sehaflhn Cakt, .^ 
X MP7. hut more particularly atccrward by 7''^" ^-^I'f^ 
^ Spam.ird^ vvhotouk Poiletfion tiicreof in the Name of his Cadiolj 
Majcfly, Amo 1527.) is bounded on the Ealt by the main Ocean ;< 
the Weil by AVa-' AL'xicn ^ on the Nfjrth by Carolina^ and part ot Ici 
Arliica ^ and on the South by S'lna^ /i/cxicavw. It is term'd bv the ^ 
Hans md SpanhuJs, Florida-^ by the /'Vt-nc/j, Fh'hle \ by tl ic Gt?r;/ 
znd Engl i/J}^ Florida -^ fo calTd by the 6*/) ,in/.0(/y, either becaufe thcv 
riv'd ac icon Palm-Si<nda}\ f wiiith tfiey term r.u'cba Florida J or bcc. 
they found the Country full of Floncrs at their An ival. 

3ir.] The Air of this Country is faid to be Co eKtraordinary teirJ 
rate, that (according to our latclt Accounts) the Inhabitants live r3 
great Age. The oppofnc Place of the Globe ro Fiirida if that par^ 
the Eaft- Indian Oc.tdi], Iviiig between i?6 and iio Degrees 01 Lonjiu^ 
with 16 and 40 Degrees of .Smith I atirude. " j 

^oil«] The .Vo//of this Country (itlyin^in tl:e e,^^ and -5'^ Nc( 
Climate) is wonderfully lertile, a!)nundin;;ia m lAfjrcsor GiaM,'>'rf 
and Fruit. It'salfo well ilor'd with Vcnifon and lo • " •, cnrich'd aJ 
confiderable Mints oi G-^ld and ^ib-er. efpC' ial'y ciuic cf O.t 
palachine Mountains, and here f!-ey lifh vafl numbt'rs of valuab'c \\.\ 
The lon^cft Day in the Northmolt Part of thib Courrry, iSa'Douc 
Hours and a quarter ; die fliuriefl in the 5oi!t!inv)fi, is ^j Hours; 
nhc Nights pr)portiouab!\. 

CoimnotJittcS.] This Country being noncicrly known i i the 
laud l*art&, aiid even thoic next the .u-a , bi.: htcle frttjucpr't^ 

2 SrrinJ 



1 W. to E. 
\m N. to S. 

Irjn?, irs 
Win Cakt, 

ringers, its Commodities are very few, yet very coftly, ^r^. Gold, 
rcr, Pearls, and Furs. 

lilarittcs.] In thefe Parts of Florida, grows a certain Tree, about the 
. efs of an ordinary Apple-Tree, the Juice of vvhofc Fruity the Na- 
^« 5 ufe to fqueeze out, and therewith anoint their Arrows, being a 
Wfcrt of Poifon. If there be no Fruir, then they break off a Branch, 
tout of it do prefs a milky Subftance, equally poifonous with the 
\:t of the Fruir. So ftrong a Poifon is this Tree, that if a few hand- 
Lof it; Leaves are bruifed and thrown into a large Pond of Standing- 
liter, all forts of Beafts that happen to come and drink thereof, do 
Jdenly fwcll and buril afunder. Furchas his Pilgrims, Part 4. Lib. 8, 
?.i. .Tn B.:h.imay (an Ifland near C. Florida J is the famous Bahama 
[;fr, the bi^:geft oi all the Species, being two Inches long, and defer- 
jv term'd rhuLwgium Maximum Jndicum, He luth nx Eyes, and thofc 
:' bi^ ai the fmalicfi Pin's Head. Some o{ thefe remarkable Infcits 
[:o be leen in the publick Mufmm of GreJJum-Colkge^ London, 

by J^>hn lh't<imulMd)Op:ichS) &c.] Archbip:oi?rtLi^s, Biffjopricf^s, Vniierfities^ 

~i^ his Caiholjjje. 
njin Oaa!i 

nd pare ot /.•|Ji^,ittncrsO The Floridins arc naturally White, but by anointing 
rnVd bv ti.e Miiidvcs (both Men and Women) with a certain Ornament, they flill 
by tiic Gt?rmM.jj-of an Olive Colour. They are tall of Stature, well proportion'd, 
becaufe thcvBers of War, and ordinarily go quite naked, except a (mall piece of 
idaj or bccaJr-Skin, which many wear about their Middle. 

ordinary ceirj 
iiajKS live re 
that papf 
:s 01 Lori.y:u^ 

and 6'^^Qi 

cnficii'd AJ 
vie ct v.t 
va!uai''c \\\\ 
:ry, is ubou: 
I ) Hours ; 

own n vne 



LnsUiigc] The Lngu.tge of the Natives doth very much differ in 
left, acordin;: ro differtnc pjrcs of this Country. The few Spaniards 

[irdiding, do (1:11 retain the S'l^anifh. 

;0l3ermncut»] The Nitivcs of this Country are fubjert to fevcraf 

^5 of their own, (term'd Furjuihs or Caciques J one ot whom is faid 

liuve the Precedency, and is i;enerally rcfpeded by the reft, as an 

Jpfror. Tlie Spitiijh Colonies on rhe Sea Coalts, have their peculiar 

pnors appointed by his Cachoiick Mjjefty. 

EcUgion.] The Natives of this Country, aregrofs Idolaters, wor- 
bnt; tne whole Holt of Heaven, efpecially the Sun, to whom they 
[aucc the gojd Fortune of all their Viftories, nad rcrura him Thanks 
rdingly. They mighrily refpci^ their Priefts, ( who are generally 
pers) and call them by the Name of Joarna, and in fomc places 
\h. Several Miffionarics were lent into this Country in the Da} s of 
knhe Fifth -, but the Savage Inhabitants quickly dciiroy'd them. 
' Bb SECT. 


- -r/ 

» 'I 







' 'i Y 









Concerning Cemi CiluntCllfl^. 

d. m. 

u. ««J"2pc 00? r, „^, f^'pLength from E. toW. ilJ 
between I ^^^ 00 ^^ ^^"S* ) § C ^Sut 1 500 Miles. F 


;,i to 

h ^between ^ ^^ ^^ ^of Lam. (^ V^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^^^^ M ^ 

It being divided into- 



die River Canadx. 

L°cJ to 

AV^/; com- 

'Tiryci Canadenfis propr'ut 
Sova Britanka 

Nova Franda — 

^"Nova Scotlt^ 

South com- 


The EngUp) Termer, vi^. 

"New England — . 

Nen> Torli '^' 

5 Eafl 


^ c 

^ Penfilvama 
yirgifva — 

^Carolina — 





Fort Roy al-^ 



Eli7:^abtth — 
P hi lade I phi a 
Baltimore ~ 
James Toix'n 
^Charles Tow>n_ '> 

1 m 

tnf, Fc 
lere rcf 
tver, I 


From *^^ 


ERR A Canadetifis (fo call'd from the River Canada J bei 
J, vaft Complex Body, confidin^:*, of fevcral large and confidcil 
Countries, and particularly tliofe in which the Englif- Nation isrh] 
concern'd ; we lliall diHin^Uy confidcr iis various Divifion (efpcd 
thofe of the Englijh Kiiipiic) and thai in the fame Order laid dov 
tiie foregoing Table. Tlurcfore, 

§. I. 


fctary ( 

if rlie ( 
|tf Acca^ 

Bur !c 
I'ttic kn! 
p-Iy cc 

k iorc^ 

Terra Canaclenjis. 


§. I. Terra Canadeyijis propria, 
^ -p H I S Country being the Nnrthmoft of all the rtfl, is efteem'd 


none of the be ft. But being fo flenderly known as yec, we pafs 


§. 2. Nova Britannia* 

1 E. to \v. i| a. 

» Miles. 

I 1s\\\q^ '?**\\ r ^ ^ ^ '^ Country is likcways of a very ordinary Soi\ bv wLac 
VV ^ve find, r.iid almoO as c)iin!y inhabii-ed and littK- ' fuu.nccd 
al:e former. We fiull therefore make no ftay therein, but yio- 

id to 


§. ?. A^ova Francia. 

vFrom :^, Jt* H \ S Country is reckon'd to be much colder than mofl others u\ tho 
{ S. 11 fame LatiruHc-, however 'tis faid to be blefs'd with a SoH abun- 



) — 

> ___ 

fintj'v bruittul ^ and is chiefly furnifht with Stags, Eeajs, Hares, Mar- 
, Fo>es5 Conic s, and great f^ore of Fifh and FleQi. The Irench 
fere rcfiding, (about fix thoufuud in Number) do commonly trade ini 
ever, Moufe Skins, a^id Furs. This being all that's remarkable of ir^ 
;£ continue our '«"'rogrers to the next DivifioD, f/^. 

* toS. 



§ 4. Nova Scotia, 
H Country (firfi difcover'd by Sebaflian Cabot, at the 

"Canada J beiij 

and confidcij 

Nation is rhi 

vifion (efpccj 

dcr laid dowf 

§. I.' 

. , Charj^e of //t ,';n tlic Seventh) was cnce inhabited by a Scotch 
Jonv, fent jver .^nno 1622. by Sir H'tHiam Alexander [then Lord Se^ 
pary of Scjt!u?}d'] to w'.om King James by Letters latent made a 
pation thereof^ but tliac Colony failing, the frencb became Maflcrs 
Jf the Country, and fetlcd iljemfelves therein, calling it by the Name 
|tf Accadie. 

Bur leaving thcfe Northern I^arts of Terra Canadenfn^ as Countries 

itl. known, and of Icfs Note unto us : Proceed we to that which more 

ply concv rn- uj, i/r. u peculiar view of the various Parts of the W't'- 

hn ^.ti^'ijl Empire; ai'd that according to their Order, asiheylieiti 

tijre^oiu^ Table. The firft whereof is 

Bb 2 




§. 5; A'civ f 


Terra Canadenfts. 

Part If Hi I 

§. 5'. "New England, 

0ame.]*TpHlS Country, difcover'd firft by the Ew^/t/J;, under th| 
I. Conduft of the twoCttbots^ Amn 1497. and aFterwardi t| 
ken PolTerrion of for Queen Eli :(a''etb by Sir Fhilip Am-idas, Anno 1 5^3 | 
Bounded on the Eafl by part of the main Ocean ^ on rhe Well b\ fomj 
of Terra Ar^rca., on the North by Accadieoi t^ovx Scotia ^ and Vn thi 
South by AVw Tbr^:. It is term'd by the Italians, highilterrd Komil 
by the Spanitrds, Nuevu Inglaterra ^ by tfie french, NrArjellc Anglcterrei 
by the Oerwans^ Nen EDgeland-^ and by rhe Englif}, New England-^ 
call'd by the Difcoverers, after the Name of their own Country. 


%iV*^ Notvvithftanding tliis Country is of a Situation confiderah!! 
more Southern than Old Ev^Jand, yet tlic Ah oi boh is rr.uch the lama, 
the Heat thereof being al'ay'd by cjoling Breezes, which frequentlfl 
happen. The oppofite Place of the GI ;be to Sew England, is that pj||j 
of the vi{i At lantichOctan^ ^yi^S between 120 and 150 Degrees 
longitude, with 41 and 45 Degrees of South Latitude. 

^oii.] The 5*0/7 of this Country is in mofl Parts very fertil, prodi 
cing in great Plenty moft forts of Englij}} Grain, Fruits, and Roots, b^ 
fides Indian Corn. It's very well ftockt with Fi(h and Fowl, as alfo vari 
ty of tame and wild Beafts. In flinrr, '• s not only furnifht withcl^ 
NecelTaries, but likeways many of the Cci.. forts of Humane Life; an 
the Colony (now upward of an hundred Thoufand ) doth flourirndrilj 
more and more. The length of the Days and Nights in Sew\ 
ts much the fame as in the Northern Provinces of Spain, they boch !j 
tng under the fame Parallels of Latitude. 

{[his < 

CcmmoT)itiC0.] The chief Commodities of this Country, are Fiill 
Grain, Marts f )r Ships, Deal-boards, Iron, Tar, Bever, Moufc-Skioj 
Furs, ifyc. And 'tis o!)lerval)!e of thofe in Se<v E.njund, that rhey hjj 
Annually, for l^-me Years, imported and exported to and from OldErj 
Itndy as many Comm^.din'es in Value ab they carry "d out at firfl. 

IRavitieOf] in fevcral parts of AV)v Engltnd pjow^ a certain Fruij 
(term'd th.- Butter- Nut) i'o call'd from the Nature of its Kernel, wh:c 
yields a '.:i;jd t fweetOil, tli^r hath the cxac^ t?.ftc rf ordinary Buc:c| 
(2.) !n B,il^cr'< Czvc, a!)out fifty League? F'aft from B\lhn^ is found t!i 
Sctrlrt Mufdc, wliofc Piijpic Vein being piickr uitli a Needle, yields] 
juice of a puic Piuple Coiour, which ^ives (0 deep a Die, tha: 
Wat-'r 'J. abif to vvMJh it rut. (^.) Abjut c\\\\\i^ Miles Norih-Eafv 
5'';/{rVrji7, Is a [Uri^-^of Mounriiiuin Icng'Ji about an hundixd L^^m 


\m m 

fiole in 
m thi 

Part U •'^rtlJ* Terra Canadenjis. 565 

jd known commonly by the Name of the Wh'\te Miuntairs^ because 
icirTops are covcr'd with Snow alJ the Year round. Upon the higheft 
j rhete Mountains is a large Plain, and at the fartheft end of ir, a na- 
jril Rocky Pyramid, (vulgarly cali'd the 5«^.?r Lo<j/'J to the uppermort 
[jrc o( which one may eafi'y afcend by a continued Set of inartificial 
vjpt, winding about the Rocky Mount up to its very Top, where is 
ijother Plain of about an Acre of Ground, and in the Middle of it a 
;!fp I'ond of clear Water. (4 ) Upon the Sea fide, near Kew-Huven^ 
,3 large Bed of Sand of a perteft Black Colour, with many Grains of 
Ldand White intermixr. (5.) Upon the Coaft oiKcw England is fomc- 
;ines taken that remarkable bi 111, which the £ng///fc Inhabitants call by 
•eName of x.\\c Motli-fif})^ becaufe he hath, as 'twere, a Hood much of 
tfamc Fafliion with a hier's Cowl. (6.) In divers parrs on the Coaft 
!chis Counrry, is found the Stella Marina Arkrcjcens^ or Branched 
)',ir-fifl} : A rare kind of which, taken in the Bay of Matachufet^ is 
; be feen in (/rf/Zj^im College, and defcrib'd in the Philofop. Tranfa^, 
N.5g.] under theNameof P//CK £c/j;ono|^e//^rM Vifciform'K. (7.) Of 
jny rare Birds in New England^ the mofl remarkable are the Trocu- 
ti, and that call'd the Humming Bird, The former of thcfe (being 
iDOUC the bigncfs of a Swallow ) is nbfervable for three things : 
irj?, Having very fhort Legs, and hjrdly able to fupport himfelf, Na- 
re hath provided him with Iharp pointed Feathers in his Wings ; by 
iirting of which into the Wail ot a Houfe, he fticks faft and refts fe- 
"jrely. Secondly^ The Manner of his Ned, whicli he ufeih to build (as 
ivaliovvs) in the Tops of Chimney 1, bur of luch a Fafhion that it hangs 
iown about a Yard long. Lajlly, Such Birds are remarkable for their 
remony at departing', it being always obferv'd, that when they re- 
ive, they never fail to leave one of their Young behind in the Room 
here they have nelfed, miking thereby (as 'twere) a grateful Acknow- 
lid^ment to the Landlord for their Summer's Lodging. As for the 
Mming Bird, lie is obfervable for being the leall of all Birds. The 
jnaer of his Neft refembles a Bottom of foft Silk, and the Egg ia 
liich he'shurchc, is not larger than a white Pea of an ordinary fizc. 
j:of him elfewhere. For thefe and fome other fuch Remarkabies, 
1,'i. that fmall Treanfe, Entituled , New England's Rarities, per/. 
ijil}ny Genr. 

'A under thfc 
afterward; t^ 
Anm 1553. I 
Well b\ foml 
! i and ( n thj 
ierrit Gondii 
lie Ai}glctt;rre\ 
' Ehgt.ind ^ 



m confiderahlj 
iuch the lan^.ej 
ich frequently 
«^, is that part 
;o Degrees 

feriil, prod; 
and Roots, b{ 
1, as alfo van 
•nifht withthl 
lane Life-, an] 
h flourirnd:: 
I New Ev^Lm 
, they both !] 

nry, are F;i 
, Moufc-SkiDi 
that rhey hav 
from Old Erj 
\ firfl. 

certain Fru; 

Kernel, wh: 
rdiriiiry But:e| 
}/), is found t' 
lecdle, yiclcsl 

a Die, tha:i| 

North- Eafi 
ndixd ic^igw 

2ircI)btfl;op^tcfes, &c.] Arcbhifljopricks and B'ifl}npricl:^s^ none. As for 
mverfities^ here are two Collei^es ercfted at New Cambridge, which 
li Conjunftion with other fuch Nurfcries ot Learning, her-rafter efta- 
liifh'd m.ay, we hope, dcferve that Title in prccefsof Time. 

gamier©.] The Englifl} here rcfiding, are much the fame with 
kole in Old England. As to the Natives, thty are generally cliaraftc- 
pd thup, vix,* a People chat's Crafty, Timerous, as alfo barbaroufly 

B b :^ Cruel 

t ' !!f 

: i 

1 !'"^i 

' W'? 

■ . V 





Terra CanaJenjis, 

Part 11 rtllJ 

Cruel and Rcvengetul when they find Opportunity, But feme of ,i 
are of a much milder Temper, bein^ likcways very Ingenious and quu 
of Apprehenfion. Their Number (cfpecially within the Evi^lifl Terr;t, 
ries) is mightily diminifh'd, the grtatert parr of Vm being Iwcpr awj 
by the Snull Tox, about the firft Settlement of the Erglifh •, others t 
Tumults among themtelves, and moft ot the rcil by the lace treacheroi 
Wars with the Englijh* 

Hansuagcj The Eng!'ilh [nhabitanrs of this Country ufe their ow 
ianguagc. As to that of the Natives, ii's divided into a great mjny Di 
lefts, and reckon'd very difficult to be leanfd by Strangers ; rhcp,en< 
rality of its Words being extreamly long, and of an inarticulate I' 

d^oVCVUmcut. 1 The Natives of this Country, arc divided into mar 
Bodies, and arc fubjeft unto their Sjchims and Sagaw'res, who oej 
Life an abfolute Jurifdiftion over them ; the Will of their rcfpert/i 
Governors being all the Law they pretend to. The Ev.glifl) here ret 
dinfz, are govern'd by their own Laws, and have feveral Courts 
Judicature ercfted for hearing and determining of Caufes, both Civl 
and Criminal ^ as alio for making and repealing of Taws that conccr 
the Plantation. The Management of Publick Affairs, is in the Hand 
of a certain number of Magillrates and Affifiants, dctermin'd by thcii 
Parent j and our of thefe do the People annually chule a Governor, anj 

IRciriticSt] The Etigli(J) here refiding are ProfefTorsof the Fnfe/b 
Religion in general, hue greatly divided (as too common elfewherc) \i 
to different Parties. The Native continue Pagan^ except thofe few ac 
quainted with the Principles of CbHiianit)^ by a lace Serious Diving 
Mr.yo/jH £//of, who [by tranflacing the Holy Bible, and feveral Books af 
Devotion, into a certain Dialed of the Indian Ton^iue, and by frequentlj 
preaching among them in their own Language] laid fome Foundation fd 
a more general Converfion-, did fuch a generous Spirit poiTefs the Min(f 
of Chriftian Benefartors, as to extend their Chariry that way (th,ij 
which none can be more exrenfive) or ro mortifie feme part of theij 
worldly Effatc for that noble Undertaking, (which might probably 
ids i\ih}cti CO Abufes, ihanerefting and endowing of Hofpirah, Alm^ 
hcufes, and fuch like) that in procefs of Time, fuch a Stock of ^lone1 
might be fetl'd in a fure bund, as yearly to afford a defirable Compa 
tcncy to a continued Set of Men, wlio Ihnuld be found furticiently abl| 
-jnd willing to labour in that moft Chriiiian Defigu. 



^,on thl 
;ii Dukf 
•ton th 
:is thenl 
It, tro 

§, 6- A'cii 

I'art [| 

t l^^me of 

i'^^s and quic 

'^■' ; other 
ct.' rreac'icroi 


Terra Canadenfis^ 


i^t-' their v 
cu m.'ny Di 
; rhc p^fni 
trciculatc I'r] 

U'rcO ""pHFS Country, (difcovcr'd Amo i5o8. by Mr, Mudfon^ 
JL and bounded on the Eaft by part of the main Ocejn ; 
I'leWeft by (bme of rt?rr<« Arnica; on the Norrh by Nexv England-^ 
:on tlic South by New Jerfey) is term'd by the Italians, Yorke Nouella ; 
:he SpMUiirdi, Siievo Yo\\ \ by the French, Nouvelle Torl^e \ bv the 
•7Mrj, AV/< /or^'C- and by the Englifl), New York '-, io call'd from the 
;ij Duke ot Yorl( : tor it bein^ fold by tAr,Hudfon to the Dutch, vvuh« 
[leave from his Waiter, the King of England; and they keeping P f« 
lion thereof, under the Name of New Netherland till the Year 1664. 
isthcn reduc'd to the EngHjh Crown -, whereupon King Charles If. 
fpccial Writ, made his Royal Brother [the Duke of /or<|j] Proprietor 
ir, from whom (asatorefaid) it derives its Name. 

III*.] The Air of this Country is commonly reputed to be much 
I'lame with that of New England. The oppofitc Place of the Globe 
I^Vw Yorl:^, is that part of the Eafl-Indian Ocean, lying between 120 

130 Degrees of Longitude, with 40 and 42 Degrees of South La- 


ftioiL] The Soil of this Country, as alfo Long Ifland, is (by general 
lljdon) fo rich, that one Bufhel of Bwrope^n Wheat, doth ordinarily 
[jduce an hundred in many Places. It aboundeth likeways with moff 
Iftsof EngUP) Gnm, Herbs, and Fruits; and produceth excellent To - 
icco, as alfo Melons, Pumpkins, fyc. The length of the Days and 
[jhcs in this Cauntry, is the fame as in the Kingdom of Na^Us, they 
Kh lying under the fame Parallels of Latitude. 

^eral Books oF 

by frequenrl jConimoDitiea. J The cK\d Commodities of this Country, are To- 

oundation fAco, Bever, Otter, Ractoon, Deer and Elk-Skins, and other coftly Furs j 

(efs the Min(J: which the Evglif} and Dutch trade with the Natives. 

ic way (th,ii_ 

toitics.] In divers parts of New-York, (efpecially thofe nigh 
to and upon the Banks of the R\vct Conneilicutj grows a fort o£ 
\ukc-weed, whole Root is much cfieem'd of for the Biting of the 
itde Snake. Being pulveriz'd, it hath an excellent Fragrant Smell, 

able CompMda good Aromatick Taife, but fecms ditfertnt from the Serpentariu of 

^iciencly ablpeShcps. 

^.-rcIjbifljopiicUc, 3*;c. ( Aichb'ipKpyidis^ Bipjopriclis, Vniverfities, 


k(\ into mar 
fi, who cyei 
icir rclpert; 
[liffj here rcf 
ral Courcs 
', both Civl 
that conccr 
in the Han^ 
nin'd by [hc^ 
jovernor, anj 


'lii I' 






I ,t 

I , 


' mi 


lib 4 



Terra Canadenfis. 

^anttet0.] The Natives of this Counny fefpf rially thofe cf u 
7/?«Wj are, by mortal Difeafes and frequent Wars among themfeli 
reduc'd to a fmall Number. Some ot cm are now fcrviceable to 
Englifh ; and the reft fpend theii time commonly in Hunting, Fowii] 
and hifhinj^ -, efpccially the Men, who remove from place to pljct 
leave their Wives f ^r tillin;^ the Ground, and planting the Corn. Th'c\ 
much ^ivcu of late to Drinking, and frequently intoxicate themldl 
with ftrong European Liquors. 

Jlanguase.] The Inhabitants of this Country bein,^ ^fgli(J>, m 
few Dutch, do ufe the L,wf,uages pecuh'a: to their refpcilive Ccutitri 
The Natives fpeak a veiy unpicafant Dialcft of the Indi^^n Tongue. 

(SotJemment.] Tlie Natives cf this Country are r.^vern'd by thl 
peculiar S.icbems^ who arc faid to advife with their chief Counccll/ 
in Matters rf Imporrance, but ftill to pronounce the definitive S-nrec 
rhemfclves, which their l^eopie commonly receive with ^rtd'c iL 
plaufe. The EtiglifJ? here rcfidinr,, are fubjoft unto, and ruld by thl 
own Governor, authoriz'd and fcut over by his MajcQy ths: King 
Great Britain. 

IRcltgtottvl '^^^ Englifl} here rcfidin^;, are rr.dch the fame in pij 
of Rclifjon with th*»(e here in tv^LmJ : But the N.itivcsareftill in t) 
Dark, and addifted to the blawtteft Idolatry, the generality of 'em biif 
faid to vvorOiip the Devil, under the N?me of 7>/onef/o, towhomthj 
frequently addrefs rhcmltlves, wuh a kip.i of Mai;ical Rites, and rh< 
Pricfts (call'd Fuwaws) do ad as fo ir/^ny Conjurers. 

^. 7. New Jerfey, 

f^amc] ^I^UIS Country (difcover'd hy nhc Englijl)^ under chc 

.1 durt of the iVidCahots^ Anno 1497. lately divided in| 
E^y? and Wefi Jeriey, and Bounded on the Eart by part of the mi 
Ocean ; on the Well by fome of Terra Jr^ica\ on the North by M 
Tork \ and on the South by Per^filvaniaJ is tcrm'd by the I( Huns, Jt 
feia Nouella-y by the S pant aids, Nuevojerfey., by the Frctich, A'jtttl 
Jcre[ey\ by the Germanfy Nsujajeti-^ and by the Englijh^ Sewjvu 
fo cjIPd fr^m :he Ifland Jerfey in the Briti/l? Channel -, but w ly 
rerm'd is fomcwhat dubious. 


Terra (^anadenfis. 


lit,'] The Air of this C-untry iseOeemM abundantly healthful to 
;jthc in, and agreeable enouj^Ii to EngUp) Conflituiirns, as fufficiently 
learstVom the long Kxperience ol many iManters. The oppDfKe Place 
;.ie Globe to AVw> Jerjey, is thac part of die vafl Indian Ocean^ lying 
fween 120 and 150 Degrees of Longitude, with 39 and 41 Degrees 
jouihera Latitude. 

gioil.] The Soil is not every where the fame, being in fome Parts 
jaordinary good, a :.d in others very indifferent. But 'tis generally 
:'cv'd ro prove much betrer after the felling of the Timber, and 
;inn^ the Ground, in which the Colony begins now to make a good 
jirels. The length of the Diys and Nights in this Country, is the 
seas in the South of Ual)^ they both lying under the fame Parallels 

CommotJiticcJ The chief Commodities exported hence for Eng^ 
•i. are WhaleOil, Whale bins, Bever, Monkey, Rattoon, and Ma«r- 
r>kins : As alfo Beef, Pork, Corn, Butter, a.ici Cheefe to the Adja- 
:[ Uljnds. 

iSantieo.") As the principal Obfervables of New Jerfey, wc may 
%o"- Ibme rare Plants growing in divers pans of that Country, and 
iy found by the curious Bitanij}^ it only at the pains co make a fcarch 
iop^rti:)nableto his Cunoiity. Here alfo is rhat huge Creature call'd 
kyhoji'^ of whole Skin they make excellent Buft. 

l$l-cbblfl)OlJ?iLCb0, t^c] Arcbbijhpricks , Bijlnprulis, Vniierfities^ 


p9anncr0.] The Native? of thisCounr.y ^'fewrr in Number than in 
lltof the adjacent Colonics) are generally rcck^n'd a very (impleand 
innocent fort of People, and many ot cm are now become very fcrvi- 
bleto the Plan rcrf.. T!ie /^n^'//^> here rciidmg, arc much ihc fame 
\Munners with thole in England. 

Ilfluguiijc,] All rl";c can be faid of the Language of the Natives of 
Country, is, in ge^^r.-l, that 'us one of the many different Dialcdti 
t Indian Tongue, 11 Ac ot the Plantation retain and ule their owa 

n^uage. • 

potcuim^nt.j Thi* Covrntry being divided into a certain number of 

»^Jor Proprieties-^ out of cuch i^yopyisty is annually chofcn a hrec- 

^;!er by the Inhabitanrs thereof, 1 hefc Kreelioldcrs meet at a cer- 





Tt^rra Canadenjis, 

tain riincot t' c Vc^r, as a general Aillmblv, rr cr'.mpleac Reprclei 
tivc Bcdv of tlic- vviiole Cr lony : in due AiTcnthly, (rogerher wich , 
Govern r, orliis Drputv) is Jod-'d the Lp'fli.ive Power, in makil 
or rcpeil rj, <-f laws rclarir;; to the wlv.;lc I'rcvirjcc \ but \\v\ u| 
this Hcrtri/tion, th:c they iiO \v.:ys infringe rhac Liberty ot Co.ilcien< 
at tirll ellablilll'd \ zixdi thir by an iiTf^vrcable fundjmcnral Cjnl 
tu'i -n , never to b-? -i e-'ci by any fubfcqucnt Law what! ever \ 
Tax or 5ub::d;, , Harts .r Scrvirco , are to be imposd up n tl 
People, but by and vvitb i\\^ C /iill'iic of thsir Rtprcfcniatives in t[ 

lilclmiou, I Tiic E;;^//'//-' ber:.* rrHdin^^, ;» re of different rerfu-irKPsj 
PoiiKot isd'i^v.n^ thvpr bcfi;^ a Liberty ot Confcicncc aJlo^v'd ro a ll 
the Cole;"! y. Bi'C the pior Njrivcs (to our great Shamcf) ate fiill gJ 
pin2 in tl.e T\'/i!ighc ot I'aganilin. I 

^ 'o. Tcnfih:a::ia. 

Jl^amc/] ""T^HrS Country r«;ir''ovcr'd at t!ie fime time with t 
.1 r^^^ o^ ^Ite aciiacent Continent, and bounded on t 
Fart bv p.irr oirlie main Ocean j on the Wert by Lome ot taY,i A^'Wi 
on the North bv Hexv'Jcfky -^ and on the South by Mir)l.u\d) is tcrni 
by I'^f i''i'ih^\ rcnfilvanit! ^ by zhefjernhins^ l\'r,filvanien ^ by the ItAliA 
.V/'.:«/u><''', ao'-^ Engl]jhyr:i)fU\:,inli \ to ciii'd iiovwWiU'.^m I'^im^u 
whom King 0\iyIcs II. made lirrt Proprietjr thereof by Lctrcrs l'a:ei 
Anm ir8o. 

%\x, ^ T';c A'lv of this Cnunrry i' generally ^jantcd to 
i-lear and f'.vr!.r , the Tieavens \yc\\\^ reidoin overcafi with Cijiij 
Tile length ui the Days and NI^Ikj, is much tiic fume here as in A'^ 

£ot(.l Tie .S'v/of tliii C'juntry is rokrab!v g''^nd in m.iny Par 
h\\\ Ml ioii',0 Place:- exncamly baiTcn. The opp (ire Place ol the GIol 
{) l':'tu'.ii:in'n, !!> -hat port ot tUq Hji.hlnJij ().:ean, lyinp, ber.veon i 
and i::'') L"?;^!(.ib of Loni^iiude, with 40 and 45Ucgreesof >.uai 


(rciUsiiuBUiCC. ; T K'vc being no confidtr.bic Trade as yei fett'l 
r\ '..\t;.ii th'j ^nd borc'.gT C'.'untiies ; t le cliiet (:vnm\i\tki hv.herroi 



ic Reprclcr 
Jthcr wiih 
■r, in nukil 
l)iit ll:i| uj 
^t Co.ilcienl 
'onral L mi 
itl ever 
'J^d up n c| 
tivcs in t[ 

:rll. Ti^rra CdyiaJenJis, 571 

j, jre mjftly Horfes and Pipe-Stave?, commonly lent to the Illand 

Saritiec.] In fcvcnl pjrts a{ Fcnfilv^nLty are Sprinp.s of good Mf- 
.; W Iters, pa-ricularlv tiiole .ib ur two Miles trom Philaddljhia, 
■\ t r Operation, are accounted much the lame with our Purging 
. : at BAinet. 



O'^v'ci to all] 

ate ftill ^i 

ime with tj 
iindcd on t| 

ferrj Arli 
ndj is (crr 
the lul'uii 
m /'lv;/?, tl 
ctrcrs P4;ei 

Sunncvc* ] The Narivcs of this Ccuntry bc'n^ Pcrfons of tall Bo- 
'. ,ind f.viirth.y CompIeKiors^ arc generally reckon d m)rc mild and 
•!; inc!in'd, than moil ccht^rs ot t!ic Jnc('h:n Naiions. The U.umpeans 
I'ffcfiding, bcinr; moftly Etjjijl\ witli a few Duuh and Srvedes^ are 
che U'^'2 with cholc in Europe. 

liiijuagc] The I.m^.v.T^f oi- the Natives, being a Dialeftof tl;? ^^ 
Tongue, is faid to be very lottv, Iweet, and cmphatick, in rcfpt^t 
[wny others in thcfe Parts of th.c World ; as alio very ealK^ no be ac- 
red by Strangers. The Eur'.pe.^us here refjding, retain the refpedtivf 
l-ujgcs of their own Country. 

^obcinmcti .1 This Countrv being L'ramed 'as aforefiid) ro WiU'ritft 
k by hii MajJly King Chairs II. f'lc Pubiick Atfairs thereof are 
bd by ft'veral Court« of jiiftirc, tiierc eliabiilh d under liim as 
biecor, who (or his Deputy} rules ^hc lame in Subordination to ^ 
Kot Gieat Brit Mil, 




ere as in Ai 

,in:cd ro bef 

with c!ju(Mkcli3ion. ' Ti.e Bugl'ifl: iicrc refiding, arc rf il'-tfacnt '^Lfh m6 Vci 
1011b , but I'.nthi'fu'im chiefly prevail?, tiiis Country being ftockii 
.i^uai-rrs by thcr Govern >ur, ^ViHi.irn raw. Ihe Nauvcb arc Uva* 
JVC a i^rcrt) clear N:>ii.)n of a Sapieme lAin/,, tlic Immortality of 
Tui, and a l^ururc State. Their Worfnip chicHy couiilis in 84crif'. • 
,!iid S.n)^> 

II many Par 

oi the Glo' 
be I ween i 

of S ,uch 

intcrmis'd with Dancing. 

as vei fort' 
'J hv.hcrrcx 


^. 9. Mary Lan.l, 

rfllS ('.uniry ;dif^ )vcr'd by \l\i. Pr^lijl , under liicCrn.. 
{\uf\ vi th'.' two dbots^ Anm i^oi. and bounded on i!u; 
• part ot the iiuin OinAi^ ; .n tiie "Aefl by lorre of hrra Artl'i- 
itlie N'nrrhbv /'t7i/.'/r.H;/7- and en tlrSourh by Virj^lnltJ i? term'd 
" liHh'ivs^ Miryl.vh{'>t \ b\ rlic Sfitjiiidsy Turru < e M.iu.t j by the 

572 Terra Canadenjls.^ Terre du Mark-^ by the Gerwans, MufienL^pi -^ and by the 
^///Z>, Ataryland -^ fo call'd ac lal\ m Honc>ur ot Queen -V./rv, WifJ 
King Charles I. who ^ave it by Lctrer Parcnr, under rbai Name tc 
Right Honourable Cdcilws Cahcrty Lord ^ultimore^ Anno i 


1tit«3The ^Ir of this Country is much more heal'hful now, and 
agreeing to £>/^//y7j Conftiruticns ihan forntK rlv, wh i the Wood -^^ 
entire: And the better ic flilJ frow?, the prciter Prop^rtls tliev mai 
fcMing the Timber. The oppaficc phceot the Ghhc. to Mar)- 1 am 
that part of the Eujl-Jndian Ocean, 1; irif? bcrvvccn 120 and 1 30 Dq 
of Longitude, with 57 and 40 Ucgrecs of Sjutli Latitude 

5>0ll.3 The 50// of this Ounrry is generally rrckonM vav fcrtil 
rich, producing in great Plenty the famr things with S^ewftl. 
Length of the Days and Ni^Jitb in M.iry-LwJ^ is much the fame a^ iii| 
Southern Provinces of 6'/'».'7;j, they both Jving under the Lmc Para 
of Latitude. 

CoiUinoDlties.^ '^^^^ chief Cfjmwidiiks of this Cot" -v, jre 
bacco, Hemp, tUx, Wood, Hops, Rare Seed, Madder, btJis, 
Skins, ^c. I 

iftarittCG.l Of ffvcra! rare Cruff. tee ih*- At'nul.i found in tliisCc 
try, That call'd the 5/^rioe or Siiticji'i:, is incti oblcrvable, and that 
ticuIarJy for the admirable Coiirnvance of his Eyes. For they b^ 
plac'd under the covert of a thick Shell, Nature (whofc Operation 
\vond,erful in every thing) hath lo erdcr'd, that thole Parts abovel 
Eyes arc fo trsnfparcnr, as to eonvcy a competency of LiH,ht, whcrj 
the (otherwife benij^lired) Animal Cun cleariv fee its way. bor K 
ral Other remarkable Creatures, v. uh a Catalogue of rare Piants iii 
r)'lanJy Vid. Fhilof. Tranf. N. 245. 


;^anncr0,] The Natives of this Country T^^onftdercd in themj 
are generally nckon'd the fame with thole ol Kew Tcil>^ or the ncaj 
to them in iheirTemper and Cuff ms cf any other (>f the American 
'tions \%h;Klocvt'r. iiie Eti^lijh hcic refidin^^, are much the fjni:' \K 
ii\ok in Ei^Liifd, 

3Laugua3C.] The I^r^iv^f of the Native? in ilis C'^untry, is 
ro con hit c-f uivers Idicmj, vcrv different trom one anouier , and n 
0^ 'cfn either lo plcalaac to the tar, or fo calie ro be ncquir-jj 


Terra Cantichnfis. 


infers, as thofe in Pcnfiivan'u. The Er^lifj here rcfiding, ufe their 

'fOternmcnt."] The Righc Honourable Crff/7/;/^ Culvert, Lord Balti- 

his Heirs and AffignSj being by Letters Patent [Anm i6^2.']cm-^ 

rds and I'roprietors of ^ e>:cepcing the Sovereign Do- 

;:[i and Allegianr:, with a fifth part of the Gold and Silver Ore re* 

d to hisMa'Mty. The Qoxernment of the Colony by their Lord- 

:i Care and Frui-'encc, is fo model'd, tl'at we may reckon it a Dimi- 

pcof thacot EngLinii. For tlie Supreme Ciurt (cnll'd a General Af* 

■;)J rclemblef, in lome meafure, our fir^Z/pParHament , being di- 

'(iinto an 'L'/ij-aand Loner f/infe. The upperconfifls of the Governor 

ill, with his Council, and luch Lords of Manners, and others, as his 

|;iliip or Lieutenant ihall by Writ call thither. The Lower is made 

j.! Delegates elcfted and lent up by each County of the whole Pianta- 

rhis Alfembly is ccnvcn'd, proiogu'd, or diiVolv'd at pleafurc, 

|isLordl>iip or Lii.utenant; and whatever is agreed upon, and ena- 

by borh Houlcs, and aiVented unto by his Lord (hip, hath the 

lion of a Law, and can't be rcpealV? but by the fame Authority. 

bo this Lcgillative Alfjmbly, is the Provincial Court, generally 

fac St. Mar)\^ to which Apj^cals arc made from all Inferior Courts 

f.c whole Province. 


kligion.] The En^lijJj here reiuling, are of various Perfuafions in 
bol /if/z^/'^n, there bcini> a tolcfaiioii cn;jiM'd tor all .Sith of Chri- 
pity. The Native^ know notliinj-:; ae^ yet cf the trie God, frtvc what 
oblturcly Ice byiiic ^^limpdn^ Li^^hc oiNarure. 


1 o. Virginia, 


1 '\ 



'** IN' 

;,v. '^i 

p. 1 
\m 1 

tinc.j "Tp H IS Countrv (difcovci'd fiift by Cil-^t^ Am9 
X M97- bu*- af;Ci-wards m re pcritilly by Sir ^l'.^//.'.••/ 
:. Am' » '^2.\ wi'jcn .^'('to-k ;olie!Ticn thererf in Qrccn t.li7!.tktb's 
':i) is b.'U'.uicd on th." r.';.fl by p.irc of the m.iii] Occi.i , en the 
]'■:)■ }• ri'.r ')t Ti!yra />t7/f.i^ on tiie N )rth by MaryLvJ., and on the 
ribyC.j'Y' .'•./. It is :em"db\ zh'^t'rcnchj'ii^'r^ie -., !)y liie Gcviruvis^ 
\fin ^ by '•he 'rAliatis. S;\tri iU\ .ml Lr^li(f\ Virp^auu • f*^ cnll'd 
sncar or 'V.-iuufti/T./^tV/;, t.'i.u Mabuiinc vijjiu Queen, of happy 






Tdrra Canadenfis. 



%\xr\ The /4;> of this Counrry, ar, to Hcur ;jnd Cold, Drynef^ 
Moiflure, is variable according to th.c Winds- thole troni tlif^ N rrhj 
North-Weft bein^ univerHilly cold and picrcirgi '"'r th fc ir mj 
South and Souch-Eaii, do c-'mmonly brin^ alor.j> with t'.tm ;, re ir 
in the Summer, which is frequently fucceeded in Septettibcr h\ \>, 
fuch quantity, that it harh fcvcral occafi ;n'd an Kpidtmiidj 
nefs among the rcop'e. The oppodre Place ot the Globe to J - 
is that part of the EaiJ-IrJhtn Ocean, ly in,', between 120 and ipl 
grccs of Longitude, with 53 and 40 Dcgrtcsof Sjurh Laiitude. 

^Oil.] The5o?7of this Countrv, ftrangcly intermiyt (with ava^lj 
bcrof Oylter-Shells) is generally Sandy, yet abundanly tern! in G 
where cmpk'Y'd chat w.iy. I: affcrdeth a'fo nv.A\ fores <.f R.ic;, 
defirable bruits, witii Piiyfical Plants and Herbs in ;.ucat plen-v ■ [)u 
hove all, it produ^x-Lii a v/ondctful quantiry of Tobacci), that bcwircl 
Weed fo accounted of ail the World over. The len^'jii of the Ur ; 
Nights in l^irgin'i.i^ is the fame as in the Soutlurn Provinces ot 1 
they bothlying under the lame Parallels of Lacuude. 

Commodities.] The chief rom/;?ci/r/>j- of thi* Ccuntry, in 
the Natives tratfick wuli tho Evg!'ijl\ are S'Kins ot" Drcr, Lcvci, j.^ 
ther wild CcaHs ^ for which the Lv^hjh rtiurn them Gim^, i' » 
Shot, Iron-Tools, Drand>, ^t". bur the chief thii'g cyp>rc<;d lui.i 
England, is Tobacco, ther^ beinf', above an hundied and tiUv Nr 
Ships commonly that load therewith every Year. 

IRarittecO Such is the prr.dii^iou^ 

s mul'iinide 





rev ^' 
\:k \ 


|r( as 
jelp oi 
pd c 

:vn l.a 

mixt vvith the Earth in V'lrgwviA^ that in func place:. thw\'re t. and 
or four Y'ardsdcep in the Gr 'und , where- Ivinu cl-fo t.^^''tf:ei :hc 
f^iid to petrify, and Teem to mike a Vetn ot fuc.'i a Ucck. Luc w cl ^^y, 
the parts of that Hock, are really the Slielis of OyOcr-., there IdiJ ^i 
the Sea, (which Ibmc fupp(;fe to have over llow'd tliis Tra^t o) 1 a 

l..(pUe\- jui Generis, fuh Judkc lis ejl. (l.) In fome hticianiks d ^^rtiVul 
arc f')und Teeth, (about two or three Inclica lonj:, j'.ul btt^av!' 
pos'd to be thole ol l-ifliuCij and in other part;, are ihi^iip ihc ho 
Whales feveral Yards deep, and that many Lcaj^vi^; t^.m '^ca. (' .;. 
tlie Uivcr Fatutnak '' ^ ^'^^ ^^ K.!rJh, of ^m Alii ^ 
very foftand Ii^ht, anil ot an acid afhinj^cr.t 'faHf almoi'l hi^c . 
Atlum. (4.) In mmy la ts of this (Joiintrv ivtound ac«:rt*in !.• 


can itivn.ii out i!:e vSl 

n ot 

Squirrel, wlio, iit hii. \)k^ 
Thighs and Le^',s about an Inch in brtJiith ( like tiu. vVi,,. 
Ear)* by the lielpoi which, lie leap- firrher, and j!t^hf^ 1 lote 
liian the oidi.ury loir, and*, rh- fl'.>rc ralld H:e i '•';- "^ juird. 

m, a 
it k 
ft tor 
f c\ re r 
pr( i\ 

1 tStm irc 'r 

C'ciiritrv, in 

Terra Canaddiifis. 



3JrcI)bifliopitcI\6, li3ifliopucU0, 2vc.] ^Anhbiilopr'ni's, Eijlcpricl^^s, 
1 PC. A« tor Vnivcrfit'ies, here ii a confldf^rahlc S niiiiary ot Lcarn- 
Lbrely eftablirh'd ac S:.yames''s Town, which already merirs the Title 
k//t'^c% and we hope it will in pfjccls ot Timcdcfcrve tlie N;iiie of 


\^mmV5.'] The Natives of this Counrrv being Perfrns generally of 
^!and i'lcnder Codies, black Hair, and oi a tawny Com pi ck ion, are 
hch given to Revenue, and very exatl:^ in vindicating the Death oi a 
Jicnd, it they can bv any ineans polfi[)]e. They Ipend moflot their 
he in huntinij; wild Bv-aftf, pait'ciilarlv Deer and Ecvcr, vvhnfe Skins 
l]i aforefaid} they interchange with ihic FtigHJh tor what Necclfaries 
lev want. Natives of ti.e Inhnd Parrs arc laid to burn their Dead , 
[id lay up their Allies ncr their Cabin?. Thnfe wh m they own as 
■;e(]«, are look'd upon us fo many C)n)urcrs, bccaufe by their Invoca- 
j:Ds in a private Cabin, 'tis rep' rted that they frequently caufe abun- 
Irce of Kain to fall. 1 he Evi^l'ifJ) here rcfiding arc much the fame with 
:'k in Ef.glanJ. 

tanCiUagc, J The Largua^e r^f t!ie Narive? of this Country is re- 
[iirkablefor its vaft variety ot Dialers, andchole ib different from one 

other, that People of twenty Miles diihnce fand fometimes lefsj 
has quire different Nations, neither ot them being able to com- 
kehend the full mcaninj^ of one another's Jargon\ without the 
Idp of an Interpreter. Of luch People or Nations are chieHy rec- 
In'd the Chuwrnul^s^^oags, At'ii(ic.:iu\ .V/.t/.avQWe/^fy, Mur^nahKl^s^ 
hxehAtan^ fyc. 1 he Erglijh 1 ere rcfiding retain and ufc their 
);vn Language, 

ilDObCVniUGUt* 1 The Natives (efpecially thofc in the Fn-land Parrs 
If this Lounrry ; cvwi SubieAion to certain Governours of their 
kn, call'd Waoiinu The hrgl'ijh are lubjcft unto, and rul'd by a 
wrtiruhr Go: ernor, appointed and fcnt linrlRT by his britjimiil^ 
llaicftv- Tile various laws \^hic:ii i-rnicdMtJy relate ro the Colo- 
it lelf , are made by the Governour, with the Ciinfent of his 
Ijincil, in Conjunction with me Buriellcs cLiteri by Freeholders. 
lit tor Decifion of Mr.trers (^whether Civil --.r Ciiniinal) in general 
jevrethe very fame with thofehere in Et^gl.wc^. The chief Court of 
ludicature, being held Quarterly, is call d the Qjuottr Court : In it the 
tovfrnour ar.d Cnuncii are Judges, who dertrniine in Affairs ot the 
pfd} moment: and to it Appeal are made from inicri r Courts, 
ptiilv kept in cverv County j th^^iC being SiKnrtb, Juffices of 










• rl 

57^ Terra Cancidenjis. p^^^ 

the Peace , and other Officers appointed for that cud by the 



IRcligion.] The Hn^///7; here refidinc; are (for the moft part) P| 
fcrtbri ot the Proteftant Doitrine, and Obfervers of the Forms of i; 
vine Worlhip, according to the Model of the Church ot hniUi 
But the Natives continue Vagan^ e:<cept a few of the younger fore k 
ready taught the Element of Humane Literaiure, and irJlrurtcd in t| 
Principles of Chrirtianity by the Members of our lately ereftcd Sen 
nary of Learning at St. Jamts Tmr\\ of wliofc happy and defired Pr 
grefs in this matter, we have all Reafon in the World to wilh, and 
Imall Grounds to hope the bcft. 

§. IT. Carolina, 

l^ameO TpHIS Country, (difcover'd at firfl abont the fame ti 
£ wirh ('/r^/«/^, and afterwards, Ar\m iddo. granted . 
Patent to feveral Nubiemen as Proprietors thereof) is bounded on t) 
Eaft by part of the main Ocean-, on the Wef\by fomeof Tarci Jrl 
ca i on the North by Virginia •, and on the South by part oi iHoridn. 
is tcrm'd by the French^ Caroline \ by the Ualians, Spaniards^ GerniA 
and Engliflj, Carolina ^ i'o call'd in Honour of his Britamicl:^ Majcfij 
King Charles the Second. 

^irO The Air of this Country is reckon'd very heahhful 
breathe in, and fo tempenre, that 'tis a good Medium between tr 
Extremities of Heat and Cold , that are mjll fenfibly felt in dii 
Parts of the World. The oppofire place of the Glube to Caroling 
IS that part of the Eall-lndian Ocean , lying between 120 and 1^0 DJ 
grccs of Longitude, with 29 and 36 Degrees of South Latitude. 

^Oil.3 The5o/7of this Country is for the moft part veryfruitfy 
producing in great Plenty moif Ibrts of l^ruits, R>ocs, Plants, Kcibs, i^ij 
befidcs variety of Englijh Grain. The length of the Days and Niglui 1 
Carolina^ is much the fame with ihoie in the Scuchmoil part rf Sp!ii\ 
and Northmoft oi Barbary^ they both lying under the fame Parallels 



Terra CanadenJU. 


romnioDittCG.1 The chief Coww^?f/Vx exp'^rred hffice, are Skins 
i):tc:ts, Btrirs and Leopards ; as air> Oil, Ohvci, C crjii, Indico, 
.iT, Tobacco, J^arfapaiilla, rurrnerick, Siiukes-Roor, '^tc. 

janticc] Wb .[ chiert detti .-es rhe Epithet of Karc in C^rolmcL^ is 
4111 Herb, which 'ioca'-y fh('N:nic of cheCouiivr} ; and icmarka- 
;trr its lon^rtd K /.t, which draws upon I'apcr good red Lines, buc 
,vcrsnociii DyiUj^. 


i^amicrs.] The Nanves of this Country, being naturally Men of 
J Coiiragc, and fc r a long time at Wars Mniong themfclves, are 
fc'-.rily d'.miniHi'd in th.cir Nunibcr, to .vhat rhcy were. Bu«- rhofe 
jriining are gerierall) Perf^ns if a p,ood aj^reeabJc 1 tmpcr, and main- 
Eafirm briendlhip v.iu'i our Col'^ny. The Engiifl) hctc refiding are 
!l.ime in AUnriers wii!i tliofe nere io England. 

[lin^uagc] i'he Natives have a particular yarg^n of their own, 
jell I'junds very harfh to the Ear, and feems to Strangers extreamly 
k it not impcfiibic to be acqu^r'd. The Engltjl) ufe their owB 

pctcnimcnt.] King Cb.-.rles TI. having granted Carohnlt by Letters 
pK, ill Prcpricty :o O't'ri;^ Duke o^ Allef marie, EJwar.i\ of CU* 
|;n, ^c. by thofc Letrcre, the Lawsot Evglatid were to be always ia 
leui [his Country , only the Lord's Proprietors arc impower'd (coge- 
tf with the Ccnf^nt ct tlie Inhabitants) to make or repeal fuch By- 
k a^ (hall iicn-; time to time be thought cKpcdicnr, lor the better 
piling of the v\holc Colony. 


kcUjioiu] Tiic F-iighp) here rc;ridin,^i,are of many and different Per- 
lions in Matceis o^ RvligiiUy there being u Liberty ol Conlcience 
p'd by the very ConHitution of tluir Government. The Natives iia'C 
let no revcal'd Krow ledge of the True Gc;d, but tollovv the vain Ima- 
|j(uii') of their own Minds; however, they are faid to adcoowledge 
ItSiipienie Ecin.!, whrm they wnrliiip under the Name of Okct\ and 
Inim their Pricll^ do ircquently Saciince, but they believe that he 
pnoCarc ot Humine Aftair5, committing them to lelfer Deities. 
p atkno'.vl'^dgc isho a Traulmigraiion of Soub, and a iuiurc State of 
fchat^ei this Liie. 

C c SECT, 

flL. £ I 



Part ■ : rt JL 


Concerning Cctta ^taiUV 

UNDER the Title of Terra ArUka, we comprehend all \]\i 
Northern Countries, lying cither intirely (or moftly) wiihin 
Arlikk Polar Circle. The chief of which are thefe following, x/>. 


Spits berg. 

Kova Zembla^ 
Terra, de Jtjfo, 

Ken' Dcr^mr,il^ 
A'ew North Wales. 

Of thefe we know little more, as yet, than their bare Names. I 
very fenfiblc, That in treating of them, (yea, and that iudividual 
of the Earth cxa^^ly under the North Pole) f( me Writers are pieas'd] 
Ipeak as particularly, as if they were dilcourfing of the Fifty two C )i 
ties of Ergland. But leaving (uch Gentlemen to divert therafclves wi 
their own Chimeras-, and leaving thefe Countries to the better Dilcov< 
of future Ages, I pafs on to the various Divifions of South Americl 
chufing rather to fay nothing of the aforefaid unknown Countries, tl{ 
to relate things of them fatisfaftory neither to my felf, nor the< 
being wilHng to have due regard to that excellent Saying of the Ri 
Orator, Qifam beUum ejl velle confiteri potiu4 nefcire quod ncfciin^ ifU^ 
ifta effutientem naujearcy atque ipfum fibi difplicere / Cic. de Nat. Dej 
lib. I. Now folio wcth 







E C 


Concerning VLttU JFltma^ 

id all :t, 


ng, vk. 

^th Wales, 

imes. I 
lividual pi 
ire pleaj'd] 
cy two C' 
nafclves wU 
:er Dilcove 
tb Americi 
jntries, ell 
the Rcjdj 
f the Ror 
ncfc'itii^ (jut 
Ndt. Dc( 

d. m. 


tween^ ^? ^°*lofLatit 

V4« ■■!« 

i »' 30 J 

Length from E. to W. h ^- 

bout 1260 Miles. 
Breadth fromS. coN. isa^ 

bouc 480 Miles. 

" ina A\\,; Uf^ \t^rr.S^'*^^ ^^^ ^'^^^ Onnoqudj call'd Guiana, 

■MUg Giviaea into^j^,^^^ ^j^^ j^.^^^ Orinoque, term'd Caflelh del Oro, 

e Provinces 

dsC Car 
oti (JHI 

HI ana — 

' "Morefhega 
jManhoa — 

''Panama, or 
Terra f'trma 
Carthagena — j § 



Na to & 

Idem — 

• romprehendf^ 
c Provinces ot^ 

St. Martha — >H <[ Idem 

I Idem- 

Rh de la hacha 

I'enez^ula ■ 

Ana'aluT^ia — — 

f^ar'ia — 


\^ Papa) an 



Maluregvara — 
St* Fede bagato - 
St. Fe de AnticL'^a 

*W. to E, 



.] 'npHIS Country, (diTcover'd by the Spaniard s^ and con- 

X quer'd Anno 1514.) is Bounded on che Eaft by parr of 

«main Ocean ^ on the Weft by Mar delZur-^ on che North by Mar 

iVorf and the Bay ol Mexico ^ and on the South by Pera^ Amaxonia^ 

jpart ot Cr.'///. Ft is termM by the ItaHaj.i^ ferra Firma ^ by the 

p^irt^x, Tierra Firma-, by the hench^ Terre Ferine •, by th.e Germanty 

tfuaj} Lard ; and by the Engl'ijh^ Ttrrc Firma % fo call'd hv the Dif- 

leries thereof, as bein^ one part of thcf;rm Land^ or M. > -acineot,) 

Iwhich the Spaniards ftrft touch'd in their Wc-ftern Difco CiU** 








::■/ ^ 


Cc ;r 







■50 "^^ iniB 
^ 1^ III 2.2 

[r 1^ 12.0 



1.4 |,.6 

4 6" 









VV;^e!iTER,N.Y. 14580 

(716) ^72-4503 



Tetfa Firma. 


3,«.l The a: of this Cou^ry Is eKcremdy hoc, ,ec ,e„e.„v | 
counted very wholcfome, fave in the Northmoft Parts adjacent to \^ 
Jfthmui oi Panama^ where the Ground is full of Lakes and Mariih 
which by their afcending Vapours do render the Air very ^Tofs, a 
confequenily lefs wholelonne to breathe in. The oppofite pLce oi t^ 
Globe to Terra Firmn, is that part of the Eaft-Indian Ocean, Ivin^ yf 
tween 107 and 1 50 Degrees of Longitude, with 5 Degrees of Njrthj 
and 1 1 Degrees of Southern Latitude. 

S)OilO This Counrry (lying mof^Iy in the firfl North Climitc 
faid to be blcfied with an excellent 60;/, producing a great pktuv 
Corn and Fruits where duly manur'd. It mightily abounds in Vcn.f 
Fifh and Fowl. A great part of it is planted with Cotton, jqd 
others are very productive of Sugars and lobacco. Here are alfo vcfy 
confiderable Mines of Gold, Silver, Ikats, ^c. many precious Srong, 
and in fevcral places, good fifhingof Pearls. The Jongeft Day int 
Northmoft part of this Counrry, is 1 2 Hours and an half ^ the (horr 
in the Southmoft, is 1 2 Hours or thercaboucs ; and the Nights propor: 

CoinmoDitieC*] The chief Commodities of this Country, are G 
Silver, and other Metals, RiUam, Kozin, Gums, Long Pepper, tr 
raids, Saphirc, Jafper, {fy-c. 


[..iour, '. 
iople t 

i; other 
V the la 
uny Cat 
jilh'd E 
,vo Nati 


lRatttiC0/J Upon the Coaft of Terra Firma nigh Surenam, is 1 
quently (een, and fometimes taken that Kilh, ufuaily call'd by Mumi 
the OldWife^ but otherways, th.e Sqiutre Acaratwa ^ lb tr.m'd trom 
figure, being almoft a compleat /^M^^tMirkw. (2.) ^n fevcral parrs 
(Juiana, arc certain Trees, call'd Totuk, remarkable for their Fru 
which is of fo great a bulk, and wiihal lu hard, that People can't u; 
fafcty walk among 'em, when the Kruit is ripe, being in danger evci 
Moment to have their Brains knockt out. (^ ) In one of the Branrhl^oljer 
o{ Oronoq^e \Mvcr, is fuch a hideous Catararf, that the Water fai!;B [he K 
down, makes as loud a Nuile as it a l"h. ufand Iklls were knocked oHhom ar( 
againft another. Vid. /■/c}lintCDjm'-^g. lait Kdition, i\Jge ioS6. (4.) (aiaemeni 


cs, anc 
re fcttl 

the top of a high Mountain, call'd Conoby is a confiderable Lake, (a 

cording to tlic Keport of the Natives) and that well Ifockt with m( lufes, v 
forts of Fi Hies. (5.) In IbmeHivcrs of Gw/,;nu, is a certain little hi leMidla 
about the bif:ncfs ol a Smelt, and remarkable for having Four Eyt ainrain'< 
Two on each fjde, one above the other- and in fwimming, 'tisobl(^iv ;vern'd 
to keep the uppcniioff Two above, and the other Two under v\. in 
(6.) In the Illand of Trinidado, Qnear the Coart of Terra t^irnu] 
rcniarkablc Foinuain ot I'itch, winch buileth ou. of the Eurth in hk 


here, il 

Part i. p.irt II. 

Terra Firma. 


I ^-jodance, and is eyporccd thence to various Places in thefe parts of the 
t generally a| .orld. C?.) Near C. B>m, on the Continenr., is another fountain of 
djacent to [^ .-rhy Subflance, much us'd in trimming of Ships with good Succefs, 
and M<iri:i,|i -d preferable to the ordinary Pitch in thofe hot Countries, being able 
'cry grofs, .i|l refift the fcorchin^^ Heat of the Sun-Beams. Vid. Furchof his F//- 
^e pUce 01 cl| i vfj Part 4. Lib. 6. 
ean, l^in^ t* . 

^recsof Njrl, '3lrcI)bifliopncfeG, iStHiopzicfeS, &c.| Here is one Spawjh Arcb- 

•op, v/':^. that of St. tec de Bagota. 

th Climitc'^ 
rcat plciuv 
ids in Vcr,:fii^ 
Cotton, jqil 
e are alfo ve» 
recious Srnne^ 
geft Djy in t: 
i the ihorn 
ghts propor: 

fiifllopucU0.] Bijhoprhks FourC Fofay.Wy 

vix,. thofe of i Panama^ 

ambcrOttcc] None. 

St. Martha, 

nrry, are G 
Pepper, hr 

retiam, is 
I'd by Mar' IK 
. m'd trom li 
veral parts 
Dr their Fruj 
)plc can't uil 

danger evcj 
f the Branr! 

Water fai:;| 
; knocked ol 
386. (4.) 
hie Lake, (a| 
Dcki with mo 
tain little h 
ig Four Eya 


'tis obl( 

under ^ .K^ 

Eufth in ad 


tlSattnctsO The Natives of this Country, being Perfons of a tawny 
lour, and fforthe moft part) of very robufland proper Bodies, are 3 
tople that s very healthful, and generally live to great Ages, notwith- 
nding the Air they breathe in is none of the beft. They fpcnd mofl 
their Time in Hunting, and fuch like Diverfions, as the generality 
other Amerkiins do, and commonly walk naked above their Middles, 
1 thelateft Accounts of this Country, there are ftill in Guiana a great 
jny Cannibals^ the Eating of Humane Flelh (efpecially that of vaa- 
;ilh'd Enemies) is fo relifhing to the Palate ot thofe Savages, that 
n Nations of tliem, by mutual Devouring, are now reduc'd to Two 
ndfuisof Men. 

I language] Here is a great Diverfity of L^n^w^i^ex among the Na- 
es, and each of tl.efe divided into feveral Dialeds. The Europeans 
\iQ fettled retain the feveral Languages, peculiar to their rcfpeilivc 
cuntries from whence they came. 

©oticrumcnt.] This fpacious Country, is, in a great part, fubjeft 
the King of Spain^ and govern'd by the Vice-Roy of Mexico, under 
[horn are leveral Deputy-Governors in divers Parts, for the better ma- 
i^ement of the whole ; and for an equal diftribution of Juftice every 
lliere, there are eftablilh'd many Courts of Judicatory, in which alf 
iufes, whether Civil or Criminal, are heard and determined. Some of 
Midland Provinces areas yet free from the A>.<n//?; Power, being ftill 
bintain'd by the Natives, who acknowledge Subje^ion unco, and arc 
;vern'd by the Heads, or Eldefl of their families. 

Cc ^ 






I (, 



Terra Firma, 

Part li 'irt IJ. 

lSeligton«] The Natives of this Country, efpecially in the N:i( 
land Provinces) arc grofs Idolaters. Nigh unto, and upon the Rn 
Wiapoco^ is a certain Nation, (call'd MarajhewacasJ vvhofc Objei'i 
Religious Worfliip, is a monftrous Idol of Stone, fet up in a mo| 
frightful Polture. For it is fafhion'd like a very b\^ Mm iiciin^ una 
his Heels, reftinghis Elbows upon his Knees, and holding foiwarc 
the Palnis of his Hands, and looking upwards, doth gjpe with h 
Mouth wide open. The different Europeans here refiding, arc cF tl 
fame Religion with that cftabliftit in the refpeftive Countries froi 
whence they came. 


k I'rovi 



^ :hr del Z 
■ ;/, Spm. 
B r,e bell oi 
ippg the i 


jys from 
^e Tropic 
there i bi 
i!l along tl 
Sj ye 
\hies , it 
e Globe 
10 and I 


['imarej ( 
t:,;h and 
l-Aatds th 

3% ^If 

Concerning ^ttlU 

i* m. 

ifbetwecnl^^^ ^° j> of Long. 


nf S. Lac. 

'of N.Lac. )£ 

Length from N. to S. is 
about 1440 Miles. 

Breadth from W. to N. is 
about 480 Miles. 

lui comprehends 
L -he Province of ' 

Lof Quixos— 
Fac.imores — 



Los Cixrccn — 

^ C Pojlon - 
§ \ Baef4~~ 

^° J Vall.tclolU 

^M ^ Idem 

■^ / I'lm.i 

From N. to S. 

lliltllC.3 "TpHrS Country (difcovercd by theSpmards^ Anm i^2§. 
JL and Bounded on the Eaft by Amai^onia, on the Weft by 
^ del Zur ; and on the South by Chili J is term'd Pern by the Ital't' 
ti, Spaniards^ French^ Germans^ and UK^lijh', io call'd (accordi." » to 
jiebcfl of Criricks) from a certain Kivulec, which bore that Name a* 
long the Indians y at the Spaniards firfl: arrival. 

idir.] The Air of this Country is of a very different Nature, being 
ifome Places extremely hot, and in others extraordinary ftiarp and 
fcercing. The Wind upon this Cojft (acci rding to /. Ac^li » J Mows al- 
jjys from the South and South-Wcfl, (contrary to whar'sul'ual becweca 
le fropicks) and is not violent, tempefluous, or unhealthful, as elfe- 
[hcrej but very moderate and agreeable. He farcher obferves. That 

along the Coafl, call'd Lanos^ it never Rai»^s, Thunders, Snows, nor 
kjils •, yet very frequently a little out at Sea; And that among the 
Mes y it rains in a manner cominually. The oppcfice Place of 
fe Globe to Peru, is that part of the Gulf ot Ben^ale^ between 
10 and 127 Degrees of Longitude, with i and 2$ Degrees of South 

^01!.] This Country (lying in the 1^', 2'*, and 3'^ South 

imare) confilteth of many large and plcifant Vailies, vvith divers 

kh and lofry Mountains. The Valiies m Ibnie Place*, cfpecially 

tAaids the Sea- Coal Is, are very Sandy, and frequently fubjeft to 

C c 4 Ear ill- 


if Ml?.! 

V ■ 


,i* ;f 







Earthquakes ; in other Places they are very rich, and the Air extrc 
fultry. The Mountains, (particularly the Andes J are, for the 
part, continually Cold in their Tops, yet exceeding fertil, and '^^ 
rally lin'd with mofl coflly Mines beyond any Country in the WoJ 
vvitnefs the famous lofty Hi!l of Fotoxj, in the' Province of Los cA 
before 'twas funk by an Earthquake, which .happened in the time] 
0. Cromrvel'f llfurpation. It is univcrlally eftecm d the richcf^ 
the boreign Plantations belonging to the Spanltrcis, The loni^tfi 
in the Norrhmofl part of Peru^ is about 12 Hours and a quarter-, 
fhorteft in the Souchmofi, is 10 Hours and a lulf j and the Ni^lics 

CommoDitiCS,] The chief Cmimditks of this Country, arc GJ 
and Silver in vaft quantities, coftly Pearls, abundance of Cotton, 
bacco, Cochcneel, Medicinal Drugs, ^c. 

iSariticO*] There's a liigh Mountain in Perw, (call'd Pe 
ta\aj to whofe Top if any Perfon afccnd, he's fuddenly u 
with a terrible fie of Vomiting. And many Travellers cndcjvouri 
£0 pafs over the Dcfart of Pmas^ have been bcnum'd on a fudd 
and fall'n down ckad ; which makes that way wholly nej^id 
cd of Jare. ( 2. > On the Tops of the higheft Mountains in iVf 
(;t.s in other parts of the World ) arc frequently found fome c 
fidcrable Lakes, feveral ot which are very hot. ( 5. ) In the Vail 
of Tarapaya^ near to Fotox^i, is a very hot Lake of a Circular I'or 
whofe middle part (for above Twenty Foot fquare} continut 
boils up ; and though the Water is fo extremely warm, ^ yet ; 
Soil about the lake is extraordinary cold. (4.) At ihe Ea hi 
o{' Ingua, is a Sr^-eam of Water almoft boiling hot; and hard by 
it doth iliue forth another Stream which is as c;ld as Ice. (;,) 
In the Province of Los Carccts is another Spring of Water fo vc 
hot, that one can't hold hif hinger in it for the Ihore fpacc of one A 
Maria, And fomewhere elfe in this Country is a L'cuntain, out 
which there ilfueth a confiderable Current, of a Colour almoft 
red as Blood. (6.) Among the Quick-Silver Mines in Onm 
v'lhca, is a Fountain of hoe Water, wh<ife Current having run 
confiderable way , turns at laft into a foft kind of Bock , whic! 
beng eafily cut, and yet very lifting, is ufually isnploy'd t 
building of Houfcs thereabouts. ( 8. ) Nigh C. S, Hclenc, and i 
along the Coalf, are many Fountains of Coppey^ (a Subftance r' 
fcmbling Pitch, and frequently us'd as furh) or Oultrun Rozc 
which flow in fuch abundance, that Ships at Sai (out of fight 
Land) can give a ftuew'd guefs where they arc, by the very Sm 





Air extrer 

fcr the 11 

til, and i^, 

in the VV'oj 

of Los Car] 

" tfie time] 


1 quarter; 

lie NVJks 

"fy, arc g| 
)f CotCGD, 

(call'd A 
iddenly tj 
5 cndeavoiiri^ 
on a fuddi 
holly ne^Io 
■ains in iVn 
nd fame c 
In the Vd' 

ircular Ko 

m, yer 
ihe £a hs 
as Ice. (5 
ater fb ve 
c of one >1 
ntain, out 
lur almoll 

ock , whici 
L'/c/?f, and ai 
Jubftance r 
Itrun RoztM 
; of fight 
e very .Sjiif 

Pirt 11. Penf. 585 

•ifuch Fountains, providing tl ere he a ji,cntle Breeze from the Shore. 
:,i In divers parrs of /Vrw, a:c Hill f xrant the Ruins of many flatcly 
di-m Temples, particularly tluit call'd the Piuhamuna (about Four 
leagues from Lima :J And another in the City of Cafco^ which might 
:avf been formerly ace unted the Amerkun Fniitbeov^ lor tlie Idols ot all 
,jrions conquer'd by the Inguas, were always brought thither, and 
;;ae let up. (lo.) In Ft-fW are divers ancient Caufways of a prodigi- 
ous Icngrh, f:mc beinp, rcrk n'd uliove twelve hiindi'ed Leagues-, Works 
lilt fjr fur pais thofe of nacure among the Kcw.r/u, even the fa- 
31 us i'ia Apf'ir^ ^^jml'n jnd i'laminju in Italy, (i i.) Among the C«- 
'ifiiies of this Countrv, wc may alio reck ;n the Cucujui Feruiianns^ or 
Untk-rnl'ly : An Inleft of a confiderable bigncfs, and rem likable for 
[flliining l^ropercy in the Dark, (appearing as a little L^nthorn at a 
iifi-nce) whereupon the Natives when obliged to travel a-Niglus, do 
iually faft.n a icw of 'cm to a Stick, and by their Light can clearly 
I'jetheir way. We may alfoadd ihofc extraordinary little Birds of this 
Country, call'd Tmire'ics^ [of vvhem in Er.ifile] being of fo fmall a 
tuik, cha*: they furpals not ccmmcn wild Lees in bignefs. And finally, 
r.ole prodigious great Birds [nam'd C mdores] whj arc fa large and 
liroiig, that they'll fet upon and devi ur an c rdinarv Calf, lor all thefe, 
ad leveral other Remarkabks oi Fau^ VU. ]. Accfta, his Natural and 
I'm/ H'ljior)' nf the Indies. 

31rcl)bifl;cp:icU0.j Here is one Sp.juJJ) Arckhijl^opthki r'^ that d 



j '£'ilT)C|)2tcUsO BifJ.-'^^rkl^s are thofe of 




ilniUcrfiticoO Vnherfitks in thii. Country, iNonc. 

iTtJanacriG.] ThcNuivesof this Country are reported to be a People 

ars (for the mA\ part) very Simple, and groOy Ignorant. Thofe 

wards the Equator, are generally efleemVI more ingenious than the 

|f(l, but witiul much addif'ted to Two molf deteflablc Vices, vi?:. Dif- 

iniulation and Sodumv. ilic Upaiuiircis iiere rcfiding are much the 

Uc with thofe in Sjuia. 

ilan^unfjc] The /,i^/;^^//./^? of the Natives, did formerly confift of 
perjl t|uite different DiaicCts (or rather l^j many riiflintt Tongues, 
py being unintelligible to one another) but thele arc much diminilh'd, 
p daily grow fewer : for the People in the I jwer part of this Country, 


■ .4 I 




'! V 




q8^ Perrf. Part 

being now fafmofl) encirelv civilized, have left their ancient Jarc 
and rominonlv ufc the SpAiufl) Tongue. 

dpoljeninient.] Thi* rich Country [by niofl probable Conjeftur< 
was govern 'd by irs Incas^ or Hereditary Kings, above Three hundr^ 
Years before t!ie^i got any footin.; thertin • bur being rui 
mafter'd by them, y/rnoi?^^ under the Conduft of Virarro^ ic l,aj 
been ever fincc accounted a confiderable Part of ihe King oi V;i.//| 
American Dominions, and is c;overn'd by his Vtce-R)v, who ordinarj 
rcfidctli at Lim^. In levcra! places, ti;e Natives (elpeLijIIv tiiMir, 
the Mountain?) maintain as yet their Liberties, and arc rul'd by f,r 

IScltcjtoit.] The FcYuvlir^s (except thofe converted to ChriHianici 
are grols Idolaters, worfhippinjMhe 8un , Moon, 8uis, Lijr^hrair.j 
Thunder, (;[yc. To each of fuch Di:ides were formerly eiei*^ed in tf 
Country very flately Temples, wh-fc remains are llill exrant in mjij 
Places, befides oneahnofl intire, r/'^, that at C///co. Tiiis Temple wl 
dedicated to the Sun, but is now a pucof rhe Monaftery o^ St. Dotim\ 
Irs Walls were over-laid with Dates of Gold from top to b ortom, and 
It was fet up a glorious Re prefcntation of the Sun, being a lively Hguj 
of that Celeliial Body in pure malVy G ^!d. Near to this Temple wcl 
Four others. One whereof was dedicated to the Mooi?, whom they calll 
HuULty reckoning her eitht r wife or Siller to tlie Sun. Another co i\ 
Planet Venm , which they tcrm'd C'hufca. A third to Thunder aii{ 
Lightning, which went by the common Name of Ttlapa, And a fnurt 
toChuychu, i. e. /^^, or the Rain-bow All of them were wondcrfuii 
cnrich'd w/rh either Gold or Silver-, and befides tliefe, were mar 
others, through the various i'rovinces of this [oncel mighty Riupire 
but the rnoft m:!gnificent Temple of ;;11 /Vrw, was that Iplendid piccc! 
Indian Archiredlure in a certain Ifland of the Lal<e r/r/<<, in vvhicj 
the Inca.f are believ'd to have liid a great deal ofTrealurc, when ti^j 
tSfanmds invaded their Country, 

E C 




SECT. Vill. 

Concerning the Land of tlie 3nU"l?On0* 

rhisvafl Country is cf no certain Extent nor Divifion, neither hath 
i!iy remarkable Town. 

ainc] Tp H I S Country, (difrnver'd by the Spaniards, Anno i «i4T. 
L and bounded on the Eaft by Erafil \ on the Weil by Veru-^ 
:ho Nirth bv JerYa firma, and on tiie Sourh by F'iYagHity) isterm'd 
•xl[.dians\ Paee di AniAi^ina ; by ihe Sp>tnii^ds, Ticnude las AmU'- 
•0; by the French, Ftu des Amn^one -^ bv the Gcrm.tns^ Tlandvan 
t'miones • and by the Englif}\ Tbi Land cf the Amar^on^ ^ fo call'd 
:i rhc many warlike Women, (rcf^mblintf the ancient Amazons J who 
ar'd in Arms upon the B^nksof ihe River Ama^^'nCi at the Europe- 
rirft cntring into this Country. 

Iir»] The^fVof this Country, in Place? ?.3 yet difcover'd, is repor- 
Uio be very temperare, confidering the Laurude of the Country. The 
fofice Place of the Glob.? to the Land of the Amar^ons^ is partly the 
t'ph of Bengal, and partly (he PcnhjuU or Malacca, 

^otl«] The Soil of this Country, it lying in the firfi, fecond, and 
|fdSou[h Ch'matc, where yet difcover'd, is very fertile, producing 
rat variety oi Fruits and Grain. Here alfo are abundance of Mines, 
har-Canes, Cocao, and Tob,?cco. The Ir.r.'^ed Day in the Northmoft 
p,is about 12 Hours and a little more ^ the ftiorteft in the Souchmoft, 
II Hours, and the Nights proportionably. 

ICommoliitics.] The CommodU'i^soi this Country arc reckon'd Gold, 
Iter, Sugar, Cocoa, Ebony, Tobacco, ^c. but •'his Part of che World, 
m as yet very flenderly known, an't little frequented by Strangers, 
Idemay be rather reckon'a the Product, than Staple Commodities of 
|:s Country. 

llSeUjint*") In the River Amazone^ i? a dreadful CararasJl, a confide- 
s'e way from the Sea-, f^or the Water being penn'd up bcrv/een two 
kp Kocks, (under w.hich is a hideous Precipice) the Scream falleth 

'n with great violence andNoife. Yet notwithftandin^ thisfoterri- 
ta Fall, there be* many of the Natives, who, 'tis reported, are fo bold, 

todefcend that Stream in their liccle Cancos. In falling, they are 
'iw to turn topfic-imvy many ti.Tics, and arc fcvtrcly plung'd in the 





f ■ 



'. « ( 

g88 Jma!ZO}is. PartJI'.rtlL 

Deep when down , yet fuch is their Care and Nimblenefs, that tbtv 
quickly recover their Canoos, and forthwith proceed on their Vo-j2^ 


J. Acojia. 


^rc!;bt flicp vicU0,, &:c.] Archb'jfJjoprkks^ BiJf^oprkl^Sy Vnheri.Aft 
None. * 

:39anncr0,] Upon the Bank of the River Amaxone^ (as is hinted 
already) were difcovered about fifty different Nations, who fcemd 
nerally to be a fierce and lavage Ibrt of I'cople \ all, both Men and V. 
men, appearing in Arm?, at the firft approaching of the Spanhtrdi - x 
they ftiii continue as fierce and favage as formerly, and many of 'cm 
reported to be Anthropophagi^ or Earers of Humane FleOi. 

3Latigua5:0 Our Knowledge of this (as yet) ill difcover'd Couni 
js fo (lender, and the Commerce between Europeans and this People, 
little, that we can make no Obfervations of the Nature and Numb 
of their Languages, 

<0OtJCtnment,] How this People isgovcrn'd, (or ifany Formof G 
vernmcnt among them) is not yet very certain. A farthfr Enquiry ii 
die fame, muft be rcfcrr'd to the better Difcovcry of future Ages. 


iRcUgtOrt.] That the Inliabitanr^ of this Country, are in general ^rc 
Idolaters, '> t'^" moil that can be laid of them as yet. They are rcporte 
to make th 'nages of Wood, and to fet them up in the Corners 
their Houfes, i^having no Temples) and da firmly believe. That thoj 
|)oIi(h'd piecesof Timber are really inhabited by fome Divinities d\ 
fcended from Heaven, being taught the fame by their Priefls. 




'ifil [of n 
Towns are 

I the Weft 
[emain Oc 
[crm'd Br 
k why To ( 
I'ance o 
bvs in thii 
le inatcer. 

m,l ri 

(irt- already 

fiiilpin I/lii 

boil.] T 

ph Climat 
ps alrcad 

m 1 2 Hoi 
an half: 

Part I 'rt II. 

that tliey 
eir Voyage. 





is hintec 


:n and W 

i of 'cm 

'd Counc 

id Numd 


orm of G J 
inquiry iino 

Concerning 'B^afll* 

^ between 

'between - 

d. m. 

522, 00 
345 ^0 

°' ^^'lofLatic. 
23 ooj 

{122. 00 7 
345 30 s 

of Lung. 

Length from N. E. to S. W- 
is about i5ooMiIes. 

Breadth from N. to S. is a- 
bout 1380 Miles. 

rs, V'msnt- 

Angra dos Rejes- 

if?/ [of no certain 
rivifion ) i':s Chief«^ Sf^hitu San^o 
[owns are thole of Forto Seguro ~- 

S. Sdvadore- 
Ferniimbuco — 

— Found upon the Sea 

— !> Coafl from S. to 


iimcj npHIS Country, difcover'd bv the Fortuguere, Anno i$or, 

J. and bounded on the Ealt by part of the Main Ocean , 

the Weft by Am.izorua •, on the North by Terra Firma^ with fomc of 

lemain Ocean :, and on the South by Faraguay, and the Main Ocean, 

tcrm'd Erafil hy the Italians, Spaniurds^ French^ Germans and Engl'iflj^ 

: why To call'd is not certain. Thofe who derive the Name from the 

undanceof that Wood rerm'd by the Europeans, Brafle-lVood) which 

ows in this Country, do give (methinks) no fatisfartory Account of 

l! maicer. 

plitr.1 The Air of this Country is generally very vvholfome ; and not- 
phftandinjH; BrafU is almoff intirely within the Torrid Zone^ yet in thofe 
Irc' already difc'iver'd, ci^ exceeding temperate, being daily qualify'd 
iSta-Breezs's about Noon. Oppodce on the Globe to Brazil^ are the 
[;;%/« IjLwdsy with part ot the Eafteru Ocean adjacent to them. 

*)oil.] The 5c// of this Country (h lying in the ift, 2d, 3d, 4th 
[lith Climate) isreported to be fxtraordinary fertile, clpecially in thofe 
Ices already difcover'd. The lougert Day in the Norrhmofl Parts is 
bt 12 Hours and a quarter :; the liiorteff in the Southmoff, jo Hours 
pa half :, and ilie Nights proportionably. 


S i,> 



ti *! 




CommolJitiCS*] Ibe chief Cr-mwoV/V/Vf of this Country, are r] 
wood (other Aile Erafil-wood, mucli us'ci for Dvin^) in f^reatquantiti 
abundance of Sujjar, as alio Ambn, Roiin, Bahn, Tobacco, traind 
Confefturcs, ^c. j 

IRaritlCS/] As thepiincipal Rarities nf Braftl^ wc may fitly 

kon the confidcrable number of very Itrange Creatures found in t| 

Country: The chief ot which I fhall here menrion, and thofe redi 

ble to Four general Claffes, vi::^. Beafls, Serpents^ Hirds^ and Fiji 

J, Of Beafts, The moft remarkable of them are thefe follovvi 

(i.) Monkeys^ particularly that fort call'd by Europeans^ the King\ Ai 

l(ey^ thebiggeftof the whole Spec'cs, and obfervable for having a tl 

hollow Thrcttle-Bonc, near the upper end of the Larynx^ by thcliclp] 

which he makes a great Noiie. Here alfo are many Monkeys (off 

yellowifh Colour) that fmcU like ordinary Musk. (2.) The 5/94 

fterm'd by the Natives from his Voice of a like Sound] hutl 

moft Europeans^ Igiuvtpf or Pigritia ; and corruptedly FereT^a^ by t| 

Spaniards-^ (o call'd from the Nature of that Animjl, being of foflc 

a motion, that he requires three or four Days to climb up a Tr 

of an ordinary height, and twenty four Hours to walk fifty Pac 

on plain Ground, his Fore feet are alm)ft double his Hinder 

length; and when he climbs a Tree, his hold he takes is fa furi 

ihat while he hangs by a Branch , he can lleep fecurely. (:?.) T 

Tamanduo Guacu, [which is a great Bear] fj term'd by the Nativl 

but commonly by Europeans ^ the Ant-Bcar, becaule he ufually feel 

upon Ants , at leafl deftroys thofe Creatures wherever he fini 

them. His Tail is fo big. that [Squirrellike] he can cover his whol 

Body therewith. (4.) The great Shelf d Hedg-hog^ cjlfd by the NJ 

tivcs Taiu^ and Armadilb by the Spaniards^ becaufe he gathers hii( 

felt up, Head, Feet, and Tail, within his Shell, as round as a BjII 

and that as a fure Defence, when either he goes to Sleep, or I 

aftualiy aflauked by any deffrudtivc Creature, with whom he dar^ 

not grapple. II. Of Serpents, The mod remarkable of thcnj 

are, (i.) That call'd by the Natives Ibibaboca^ which is about thrd 

Yards and an half long, and of a crnfiderable Ei;!nefs •, his CoIdu] 

are originallv White, Red, and Black, of all kinds; an 

his Bite is mcfl pernicious of any , yet Wv rkcth the flowef 

(2.) The Boiguacu , which is the bi^geff of the whole Species , bcin 

half a Yard in Ccmpafs about the Middle , and alm:>ft Seven YM 

long, (g.) The Boicininga, otiierwife the Rattle-Snal(^e^ io calll 

by Europeans from a Rattle in the end of his Tail, composed of 

number of dry Bones, from Eight to Sixteen, which are hollo\^ 

thin , hard , and very fonorous. Thofe Perlons , whofc Misiortuti 

Brafil 591 

;, to be bitren by him, arc tormented wi'h eyquifice Vd'm , 
Xi[ whole Body f!e.iv\ng into Chops) and Irequrnrlv die with- 
[VMuy f:ur H iirs in a moil fad Condition. Ctic fas a re- 
iikable Aft of the Divine rrovidence) this noxious Animal gives 
jely vv.irnin;^ to Travellers to avoid him, by makin^^ a great 
jfe with his Rattle , how foon he h«'ar5. any Perfon approaching 
;jriis him. III. O^ Bra file BirJs, the mofl remarkable are, (i.) 
■i fhnnn'ing Rird ^ which is lo calFd frr ni the humming Noile 
:makes v;ith his Win^s hke a Bee, when he feeds by thruft- 
: his fm;ill Fiiil into Hovvers. The y.r.^filiam term him Cm4- 
1^/, and fome Writers Oitrijji^i^ i.e. the Sun-Beam ^ bccaulc of 
^ radiant colr-ur'd hearhers, with which the Ind'uins ad rn their 
:iges \ but the SfaniArds call him Totr.irx'ui^ , bccaufe lo fmal], 
j[ One of th.em wirh its Ne(l weighs only two Tom'in>\ -^ a 
:dght in Spyin confiliing of Tvvelvc Grains. (2.) The Anhima ^ 
caird by the N.Kivcs, but by Europeans the V morn-Bird ^ be- 
k he Iiath a kind of Horn growing one of his Forehead 
;cut two or three Inc nes long of a brittle Subliance , and blunc 
the Top; and is therefore neither detenfive, nor offcrnfive to 
ill, (at.) That cai I'd (JuaYA by the Brafiltins^ anu by Europeans 
t Sca-Cur!c\v -^ ^hc f.une with Kuwnum /•■.■/f.'.j , ard Arcu.taCoc' 
•u&momf^ Liii in Authors, and remarkable tor its Aif ' v- of Co- 
is; being at firfl BLick , then Aih-colour'd, next vVi.u' , .'rer- 
irds Scarlet , and lalf oi all Crimfon •, uhir'^ grows the lit'/jr 
;e the longer he lives. IV. 0£ F'ljles taken upon ;iiv Cf ;f|[ are 
hfil , tlie moft remarkable are, (^ ) Orb'is Muvr^ rr ch.e G'/a.'e*- 
f;, fo cjll'd from his Oibicular Form \ rd remaik»b*e f .r being 
i-oi'd with many long, roui.a , haiU, a';u ■'■:'^o Sp'k^s and 
fjedles all over his B'dy , almoft iikc thofe c. Hcdg-hog. 

hen he fwims, 'tis b. irv'd , he draa--, rholc . . • ' s in, 
brefting them to his Body , to tacilicate i'.is w^^y thi.ti^r the 
jrer^ and that he advances them at any time l.c happens to be 
pfu'd, bidding (as 'twere) the Enemy to ccme at his peril. 
;.) Upon th s CoaH is frequently Ifcn the Icheneis rr htfn ra, 2 
[(h very famous among rlie Ancients f r irs fiupendcur I'ower 
[(lopping a Ship (as they irnagin'd) vhou^;h under Sa'l, and before 
[brisk Gale of Wind. Which llrange Accounr was gencj'ally be- 
pd for many Ages , and not a few have labour'd to afliga 
[eCaufe^ but it is now look'd upon as a ridiculu? Stcry, anj 
|tlervcdly exploded by everv ordinary Traveller. Theic are the 
sil remarkable Creature?, whec'.er Beafts^ ye^pents^ B'nds^ cr FiJJes 
[longing to Brafile ., and ail (or mofl) of ihim, are co be feen in 
publickRepoiitory of Cr!?/?.'<iw CoUe^Cj London As alfo the Mu- 







Part I 

f£um Reghm at Copsnljageti^ and feveral other celebrated Kepofuorics 

1|lrcl)bi(liopticUs, &c.] Here is one PoHugucre Archbi(liop-jc 
•t?:^. That of St. Salvadore , to vvhofe Incumbent arc (ubieft levj 
Suffragans, but their Number and Names art unctrtain. Vnherful 

539anncV0,1 The Err.fil'um are reported to be generally 
cruel, ti.ievilh, aiJ revengeful fort of People ^ yet feme on rheSe 
Coaft being civiliz'd , prove very ingenious. This vaft Eo^ 
comprehends leveral different Nations , the chief of \\\\\i 
are the Topinamhow, the M^rgajas, the Tapuyes^ &c. who are ord'ii] 
rily diftinguifh'd frome one another bv the wearing of rh 
Hair. They generally go quite naked, and in many Places 
the main Land are Mujrirudes of Cannibils. Their mannei 
repofing a-Nighrs is in a )<ind of Ncc , gathered at each end , ait 
ty'd to two Poles fix'd faft in the Ground. This Net is made 
the Rind of a certain Tree call'd J-L-imack^ , and hence is deri*' 
the Vulgar Appellation of Sea-Bedding , commonly us'd in the £| 
gl'ijh Fleet. 

llangimgcO The diverfity of Langu.iges among the Nativi 
of thofe Places already difcovered on the Sea-Coafls , doth lu; 
ciently evince, that their Number mufl be much fireater , in til 
In-Iand Parts of this vaffly extended Country. The only thu 
obfervable of thofe Languages upon the ScaCrjafts, is, thjt t 
Natives can't pronounce the three Lctiers or L. K. R. and that tlici 
mnnner of Pronunciation is much through the Thrca . Tlic roitu^uc^ 
here refiding retain and ufe their own Language. 

dEfollCtmnent.]. The Br af Hans being divided (as aforefaid^ inj 
many different Nations, leveral of them chu'e certain Captains or G( 
vernors, by whom they arc ruled ; others wander up jnd down, ;inj 
live without any Order or Government am ng them. The F^rtu^u,: 
being Mailers of almofl ail the Sca-C ;ails fince the Year 15c 
and having divided them into certain Prct tenures, over cjch of thcj 
is fet a particular Governor , which Governors arc all accou u./ 
to the Vice-Roy of r<jrti,tnly whofc pljtc of Rcfidence is oidin^iiil 
at St. SalvitJore. 


^rt IL 



acUgiottO The Natives of Brafil are reported to entertain but « 
,oc Notion of a fupream Being, and a future State: and imnv arc 
ak even beneath Idolatry it felf, having neither Idol, nor Temple tci 
ifcen among them. Others are fail to bdieve the Soul's Iiinor. 
aiy ; and to give feme obfcure Hints of an univerfal Deluge.' 
iny of thofe who live nigh unto, and upon the Sea-Coafts. are 
averted to Chriftianity, and that by the commendable laduftrv of 
tPomgHe:^^ who are of the fame Religion with that cftablilh'd in 


i in 










Concerning CfjlfU 


d. m. 

between < ^^ ^^' >of Latit, 
I 44 CO 5 

C/;i//com-r Ch'iH (^roi^rli-- 
prehends J C^/// Imperial' 
the Pfo-*^ 
vinces of L ChucuHo 

Length from N. to S. is] 
hour 960 Miles. 
Ji ('Breadth from W. to E. is| 
bout zoo Mill's. 

= CStJago 

§ J Batvidia 


}N. to S. u] 

^j {^Mandofa, Eaft of ^ C/j/7/ Imper'iali 

i^atnc] 'T'HIS Country (difcovcr'd by the Spaniards, Anno 15; 
X and Bounded on the Kali by Paraguay ^ on the Weft 
Mire Pacificum ; on the North by Peru -, and on the South by Terra .\ 
geUanica) is cerm'd Chili by the Italians^ Spaniards, fretich, Germd 
and EvgUO) ; i'o called (as moft imagine) from a large and fpacious vj 
fey of that Nume. 

3iil\] The Air of this Coumry, during the Summer, is much o( tj 
fame equality as in Spain, or rather more Temperate, being trequenf 
fann'd by Wefterly Sea Breezes : But in the Winter^ the C)ld is h 
ccffively piercing, that both Man and Bead do perifh in great numhel 
The oppofite Place of th.e Globe to Cfjili, is the South part ot 2",;rM 
between 122 and i25 Degrees ot Longitude, with 25 and 4^.^ Degrj 
of North Latitude. 


^Oilt] The Mountainous parrs of this Country (it lying in 
> 4*^ 5^''> ^^^) South Climate) are generally Dry and Barr 
but m the large Valleys towards the Sea, the So/7 is exceed! 
fcrtil , producing great plenty of Maize , Wheat, and moil 1j 
of other Grain, as alio Variety ot Herbs and Fruits; and tl 
Vines brought hitiier from i'pain , do prolpcr extraordinary \^ 
This Country afifordethlikcwilc f)mc rich Mines of Gold and S:h 
i'hc longeft D.iy in the N'inhnuiU I'jit^, is about 13 Hours an' 





,:, [he fhortcft in the Southinoll, is 7 Hours and an half, aad che 
.a[S proportionably. 

CoiumoDitfCSt] The chief Commodities of this Country , are 
id , Silver , Maize , Corn , Honey , Oftridges , and feveral 

lals. ••.•.;•.'•>,..' . . 

SavitiCfl/] In Chill is a very remarkable Bird, call'd (?i<nf«r, (cor- 
;tcdly Condor by the Spam.ndi) which is of a prodif-Jcus Size, and 
temely Ravenous. He frequently fets upon a Sheep or Calf, and 
jes down with fuch Force, rhat his Blow is always mortal, and not 
; kills, but is alfo able to eat up one of 'em intirelv. Two of em 
dare to affaulc a Cow or Bull, and I'fu.illy maOer them. The 
jbitants of this Country are n )t free from fuch Attempts i but 
are hath fo crder'd, that this deilru^ive Creature is very rare, 
uhole Country affording only a very fmall Number, otherways not 
tie Inhabited. V'ld, J. AcoHa, his Saturul and Moral H'lftory of ths 

Ircl^bifljopiiCfeS, fiec] Archb'i/l;oprhl:s ^ B'l/Jjopicks , Vniverf't'n 



i0auncrs.] The Natives of this Country, being of a white Com- 

j:\ion, and call of Stature, are a very warlike and couragious fort of 

;!e, efjpccially the Arauques^ who are as yet unconquer'd by the 

mds. For Cluaihing, they ufc noiiiing elle than the Skins of wild 


Liiguasc.] The prevailing Language of this Country, is the 
tiihj which is ncjc only in ule among the Spani.trJs themlelves, buc 
lis currently fpqken (at leaft underflood ) by the Plurality 01 t!iC 
pes. Thofe ot 'em who entertain liale Commerce with the Spx* 
J, retain ftill their own jargon as in ancient Timt^s. 

tommcut/] The Natives (where thev maintain their Freedom 
let) are rul'd by ccrtviin Captains of their own ctmtuig; but this 
pry bcins invaded, and taken P iVclfion ot by tiie Spaniards^ above 
iundred Years ago, is moftly fubjcil to the Crown ct Spa'tn^'And rul'd 
^particular Governor, rcliding at Conception, in Subordinacion to the 
tlvjy of I'eru, 


^ f 








IBeligtonO The Natives of this Country (excepting ihofc cc 
verted to Chriftianity ) arc generally reckon'd the grolTeft idolatd 
of all the Americans^ the chief Objedt of their Worlhip being the I 
vil, whom they term Eponamon^ which fignifies Strong^ or Power/, 
The Spaniards here refiding, are Roman Catholicks, as in the Kinedc 
of Spain, ^ 




Concerning l9awg;Map. 



d> nit 

bet<veen< ^^'^ 

r 12 

C 37 


- }ofS.Uc. ^1^ 

?jr4^M<<> divi- r Guayra — 
icd into fevc-\ Paragaia propria 
fal Provinces,^ CA;ico— — 
ihebeft known y Tucoman --~ 
jf which arc C Aw de la PlataL 5 

^ ( Length from N. to S. is 
about i$5o Miles. 
Breadth from W. to E. is 
about I $00 Miles. 

CtvidadReal TE. to W. on the 

yiOaRka-^< Er.ofRtode 
Conception — (. Plat. 
St,Jago — rw.ioE.ontheB. 
AJJumption^ \ of Rh de Plat. 



5ame.] "TpHIS Country (difcovered firft by /oftn ViasdeSoltt^ 
X and afterwards taken PonefTion oi by the Spaniards^ 
' no I $46, and bounded on the Eaft by part of the main Ocean j on 
lie Weft, by Chili ; on the North by the Land of the Amazons 
Ind part of the main Ocean) is term'd by the Germans^ Paraguaii ; 
[y the Italians^ Spaniards^ French^ and EnglifJj^ Paraguay ., fo calKd 
bin a River ot the fame Name, it's alfo call'd Rio de la Plata 
ly the Spaniards y becaule of the abundance of Silver they found 

3Iit#] The Air of this Country is generally reported to be very 
Imperate, and abundantly healthful to breathe in. The oppofite Place 
It the Globe to Paraguay^ is that part of the Kingdom of China and 
p/fo^«/'s Empire, between 127 and 157 Degrees of Longitude, with 
]i and 37 Degrees of North Latitude. 

^Oil^] The Soil of this Country (it lying in the 2'', 5*^, 4*'', 
ad $-^ South Climate) is efteem'd to be very fertil in moft Places, 
bducing abundance of Corn, Wmc, Fruits, and Herbs, and here alfo 
pe fcveral confiderable Mines. The longeft Day in the Northmoft 
prcs is about 19 Hours : the fhorteft in the Souchmoft, is 10 Hours 
m an half j and the Nights proponionably. 




• h 





Part ■ ort I 

Commol)ltie6.'^ Iht chief C'^mmr.ditks nf rhis Country, fat !o^ 
the Product thercot ) arc reckon'd co be Ibmc Gold, Silver, ErJbj i^ 
Sugars, A mc thill 5, i^c. 

iRatittes.l Upon Kh de la. Plata are frequently fcen, and forr 
times kiil'd divers kinds of Serpents of a prodigious bignefs. {2.) 
wards the Northern parts of Paraguay^ is a certain Champaign Countj 
about Six Leagues fq uarc, vvliich is all overfprcad with an excelle 
fort of Salt, and that to a confiderable l.eight. (5.) In the WeO< 
parts of Tucomjii, is a prodigious liigh and large Mountain, wh'ch 
its wonderful Gliftering in a clear Sunlhine day, is call'd the Chridi 
Mountain, Under it is extended a hideous Cavc-Paflage , throul 
which dot'i glide a confiderablc Current of Water, wich fo mj 
Windings ^nd Turniogs, that from the time of its entry under 
Mountain, to irs ilTuing forth on the Qther fide, is almoll the fpace 
TwfiKy f jur or Thircy Hours, according to the Computation of for 
Pcrti'gH.^es who wer^ fo adventurous, as to make the Experiment, ai 
"thai oy hazarding their P^rfors upon a Kair made of Canes. Vid. F* 
chas hi4 Fikums. Pare 4- 1-^'-^ ^^ 


■iii, wl 

-ev SO 


jing an 


jrs, ye: 
■sis an( 
; a Tra 

:)me ini 
:v they 


' ^rcljliidiopjiclis.] Here is one S.umfl} ArMflmprkki v'n^. that |f 
Rio de Li FLtu, 

'3I5:n)0piicHc,l To the Archl'^ft))pYkl:^ of ^/o dc U Platan arc fcvci 
Suffragans, ih> Thofe of 

St. Jagi dc Lejlero, Affuwption^ Panama^ FuY;tg\(a\\, ■ 


£59umicrs«] The Paraguayans^ though Pcrfons of very hfa'*^ ^*"^ 
and rail llotiics, are neverthelefs reported to be very nimble, ;iij|'^^i" ''"&' 
much given t) Running. They are fiiid to be foniewhu Lji)oriciBf^"''\'y 
and lels Savatc than many others of the adjacent Nations, yet a luflnhabira 
inclin\I to a revengeful Humour againft thofe who chance to wroij^f, but 

' 3lanc(ua5C.1 All we can learn of the Language moftly in ufc amc;i| 
the Natives, is in general, that 'tis a very harlh and unpleafant ^w>^ 
as the iMiuality af the Indian Tongues arc. The Spaniards here reliUu 
^0 commonly ule their own Language. 


Part 4 ■ rt II. 



LJOtry, fat !cj 

?n, and for 

paign Counti 
I an excdle 
n the Wefit 
in, wh'fh 
d the r./;n/fl 
»ge, throuj 
vvjcii fo mj 
cry under 
ft the fpace 
ation of for 
pcrirnent, aj 
es. Vid. f- 

d^oUcrumciU.] Th« Natives of this Country (according to our la- 
id Account) are in a great part fubjeft to their own Captains or Cac'i- 
>fj, whom they chufe among themfelves, and under whofe Condudt 
,ev go cue to War. A confiderable part of this Country doth belong 
)the King of Spain^ who ordinarily kecpeth one Governor at Si. Jaga 
]Tncanian, and another at Affumpt'm in Rb de la Plata^ both of 'cm 
{ing anfvverable to the Vice-Roy of Fenr. .....,„ ... ; , {\^ 

iRcUgicnO The Natives of this Country are generally grofs Idola- 
;rs, ye: 'tis reported of 'em, that they're more capable of learning our 
[rts and Religion, than mofl of the other Jmerkuns, And fome fpcak 
; a Tradition fpread among 'em, importing that certain Pricfts flialJ 
nc into their Country, and inftruft them of a new Religion, wherc- 
ythey Ihall be mofl happy in another World. The Spmards here 
ending, are (as in Spain J rigid Papifts. 


t^/>.. that |f 

*<«, arc fcveol 

ruri(gihij. I 

of very 

nimble^ at 

u Ljborio 

I?, yet a iitii 

ICC to vvr .^r 


Concerning CetiM 99iin;cHanica. 

rn I S Southmoft part of the Continent of South America (call'd 
nKoRegio PatagonumJ derives its Title irom Ferdinand Magellan, a 
\)tugue7ie^ who made the firft Difcovery thereof, Anno 1 51 9. as alfo of 
,ic iamous Streighc which fiill bears his Name, he being the firll 
for ought we know) that ever pafs'd through the fame. Many things 
equally frivolous as ridiculous) are related of this Country and its 
abi rants, with which I (hall neither trouble my fclf, nor the Rea- 
per, but proceed to . 


r • 

Dd 4 




Part I ?art 


Concerning Certa aittattfiCcl. 

BY terra Antar^ka^ we undcrftand all thofe unknown or flcndej 
difcovcr'd Countries towards the Southern parts of the Globe j 
chief of which do bear the Names of ISevp Guinea^ New Zeland^ Ni 
Holland^ and (which may comprehend thefe and all the reft) Terra 
firalH incogntu. Which Southern Countries, tho' they belong not 
the Continent of i4menc<t, yet we chufe to mention 'em in this PU^ 
lincc the Southmofl part of the Continent of South America doth exte^ 
it felf farther towards the South, than any Part or Head-land of the 
Continent. What was faid of the Northmoft Countries, [Se^» $ J 
dcr the Title of Terra Arlika^ (w^. that our Knowledge of them 
teach little farther than their bare Names) fo the fame may be afihrm] 
of thofe that bear the Title of Tein Antartihtt, Leaving them ther 
fore to the better Difcovery of future Ages, we pafs on to 


DV Sir f\ 
pirts :he 
]dry, b.l 
[ives : A| 
;t, we 



Concerning the American Iflands. 


I :|i/fc Titl( 


A'or//;, XIX, thofe of -- 





Middle, v'lX^. the Ant^Ues 



' Cuba. 

J Lucaycs. 
J Sotovento, 

I 1583. a 
f 3y the It 
; frenc/j, I 



,[^South, v'r^. The Ifland of ttrra del fuogo. 

Of which Iflands diftia(Wy and in their Order. Therefore 

^ ,- /;/ 

§. 1. CaliU' 


?art II 

American IJlands, 


I or flcndej 
; Globe 

t) Terra 
>eIong not 
I this PU^ 
doth exte< 
i of the 
"ieli. 5] 
of them 
I be aflfinnl 
; them ther 



§. I. California, 

rHIS Ifland was formerly efteem'd a PenJnfnla, but now found to 
be intircly furroundcd with Water. Irs North Part was difcovercd 
)\ Sir Francis Drake, Anno 1577. and by himcall'd Nevp Albion^ where 
freeing a Pillar, he faftned thereon the Arms of England, The In-Jand 
pirrs Thereof were afrerwards fearch'd into, and being found cobe only 
)dry, bj i^n, cold Country, £«rope<iwi- were difcourag'd from fending 
Colonies to the f me, fo that it flill remains in the Hands of the Na- 
nves : Ard ther being nothing remarkable relating either to them or 
:, we fhail to 

^. 2. Nei^' found' Land 

3ame»] npHlS ifland (difcover'd firft by the Two Cahctf, at the 
JL Charge o£ Henry the 7*'' of EngUnd^ Anna 1497. but 
^ more particularly by T/wnand Elktoi Brijloly Anno 1527. and the En- 
;!///; Title thereto being renew'd in the Name of Queen Eiix^ibctb^ Anna 
1585. a Colony vcas fettled therein abo'.t 5c Years uftcrwards; is term'd 
5y the Italians^ Terra l^Jovelta -, by the Spaniards^ Ticrra Nueva ; by the 
^rencby Ttrre tJeuve , by the Germans, Sevp-funden Land ^ and by the 
hgl'iO)^ K ew' found- Land -^ the Derivation of which Name is fufficiencly 
ixprefs'd in the Name it felf. 

3tir,] Notwithftfinding this Tfljnd is (irujred between the Parallels 
hat pals through the Scuchern part ot England, and Northern of i^V^incf, 
let the Air thereof doth extremely differ frcm that in cither of thefe 
Countries, it being fubjeft to 3 greater cxcefs of Heat in the Summer, and 
more pinching Cold in the Winter, than commonly happens in them. 
The oppofitc Place of the Globe m New -fAuid- Land ^ is that pare of 
lirra Auftralis incognita^ between 140 and 150 Degrees of Longitude, 

ith45 and 53 Degrees of South Latitude. 

^oii,] This Ifland, for the mcft part, is overfpread with Woods» 
vhich are but flowly cur rio'.vn , bccaufe the Country is very 
iHnly inhabited. Where the Ground is already clear'd, the Soti is 
jot altogether delpirablc ^ affording variety of Roots , and feveral 
l.rrs of our ^f^gUp^ Grain-, and thotc Parts poiVel's'd by the trench, 









402 American Ijlaiids, Part It 

produce fome plenty of Vines. This Kland is fufficicntly rtockc wit! 
Deer, Hares, Ocrers, Foxes, ^c. Here alfo are abundance of Lan^ 
and Wacer-Fovvl ^ but above all things, irs Coafts are furrounded wicl 
incredible muhi:udes of Cod Fifli. The length of the Days and Ni^hi 
in Kew found- Land ^ is the fame as in the Southmoft parts of £/;^/.i/;^ 
and Northern of france, they all lying under the fame Parallels of Lj 

Commot)itlC0.] The commodities of this Ifland are principal] 
Furs, Whale-Oil, and Cod-hiih, efpecially the latter, whereof there i 
fuch plenty, that the Filhing and bringing of them to Europe (pu 
ticularly the StreightsJ is now grown to a fettled and very advaotageoi 

ISanttes.] Nothing here deferves the Epithet of Rare, unlefs w 
reckon thac prodi'^ious lar^^e Bank ot Sand upon the Souch-Eaft of th( 
Jfiand (abcuc ?oo Miles in length, and upwards of 75 in breadth 
where brcadeftj remarkable for ihofe vaft multitudes of B,{ca!a^js (c 
Cod-Fidi) and Fo^r John, which are taken in great numbers by diver 
European Nations, who yearly refort hither for that end. So thick dc 
thofe Fififies fometimes fwarm upon this Bank, that they retard thf 
Palfjge of Ships failing over the fame. | 

^rcl)bi(hopucfe0, Sec] ArchbifJ^nprick^s^ Bifjopricks, Vnivirfitisi 

j^anncrs.] The Natives of this Ifland are (for the Plurality o| 
'emj PcTlons of a middlc-Srature, broad-fac'd, and thofe of the Maf 
cuiine-Ses are ufually Beardlcfs. They generally colour their Face! 
wirh Oker , and for Cloaihing ufe Skins of Wild Bt..!ls. They livi 
by ten or twelve Families together, in poor Cabins made of PolesI 
in form of our Arbors , and cover'd witJi Skins. They ordinariljl 
employ themfelves in Hunting , as moft of the Americans ufually 
do. The Engitjh and tyench here refiding, are much the fame withtholcj 
in B.urope, 

1lan3Ur.5C«] All that can be faid of the Language here commonly 
us\l among the Natives, is, tfiat 'tis a certain Diaieit of the IidiM 
Toni^ue wnich prevails among all the Indian Inhabitants, with little Vari* 
arion of Accent in the various Parts of the Iiland. The Europeans' 
here rcfidini>, do flill retain the Maternal Language of the relpedive 
Countries from whence they came. 

dpo^ci'n ^ 

'art 11. 

ArncTican Iflands. 


^f, unlefs w] 
Eaft of ch( 
in breadth 
BauIuos (c 
rrs by diver 
So thick dl 
' retard thd 


Plurality oj 
of the Mai 
their b'aces 
Tiiey liv^ 
c of Poles* 
)' ordinaril| 
ans ufuallji 
i with thold 


the IndlM ' 
little Vari- 
: Europe^ih- 

cC^olicrii ^ 

(^oternment.] In the 162^. Sir George Calvert, Principal Se- 
erary of Stare, havino obt^in'd a Patent for a part of Newfound- Land, 
fcfted the fjnie int?) a Province [^call'd Avalnv^ and therein fettled a 
Plantation ; which after him, was enjoy 'd by Wis Son CdicU'tus Lord Bal- 
more. This Iflard was fet upon, and miAer'd by the French in the 
jre tedious War, but fpecdily retaken by the Englifh^ who are now in 
;iill Poffctfion of what they formerly en joy 'd. 


IScligion.] The Natives of this Ifland (upon its firft Difcovery) 
vere found to acknowledge a Supreme Being, whom thty own'd as the 
Creator of all things •, but err'd extrcamly in their Apprehenfions a- 
30ut the manner of iheir Creari )n : allc(lii;ing that Men and Women were 
]t firft made of a ccrraiu number of Arrows ftuck fa(t in the Ground. 
Ihey generally believe the Immortaiiry of tlie Soul, and that the Dead 
20 into a far Country, there to make merry (as tliey think} with their 

^, ^. Cuba, 

0anie,]-TpHlS Idand difcovcred by tlie'iards, Anno 1494. is 
1. term'd by the Italians, Spaniards, French, Germans , and 

hgU/J}, Cuba. Which Name is the fame it had when firif difcover'd, 
iieing Ibcall'd by the Natives and nei:;hbouritig llluiders j what may be 
I'.e Etym:)logy of that Indian Appellation, we know not. 

'2^iV*'] The i4/Vof this Kljnd (confidcring itsfmal! Latitude) is very 
temperate, being niij^htily qua!ii'v"d by V.ipours that daiiv aJcend from 
(he F.3rth. The oppofuc Piace of tlie' Gl be to Cuba is tnat part of the 
Eud- Indian Ocean, ]\ing between ijoand 120 Degrees of Longi- 
iiide, with 20 and 2; LVgrccs of South Latiiudc. 

j^Otl.1 This Climite (lying in the fame Climate with the Northern 
Part of Ni^n? Spain) is net fo Icrtiie in Grain as Weed, being i^cnerally 
cover'd over with Trees, (ome oi vvhich CiO drop the purcrt Rozin : 
Here is freat plenty cf FiOi and licih -, and in feme puts are divers 
Liiids of evcellent hruus The lengrh of the Days ar.d Nights in Ciilhiy 
15 much the fame as m the North ol Ativ 6;<i//?, they boih lying under 
:he lame Para'icls ot Lacitude. 



I ; 











American Iflaiids, 


CommoWttC0»] The chief 
Calfia, MafUck, 


Commodities of this lOand, arc Golj 
, Cinamon, Sugar, fyc. 



IV freftl 

at S! 

1EUrttte0«] The moft remarkable thing in this Ifland, is a noti 

bituminous Fountain, out of which there flows a fort of Pitr'.jr Su 

fiance, commonly us'd for calking of Ships. Here is alfo a Valley L 

of b'lint-Stones of different Sizes, and thofe by Nature fo round, thM° ^^^^ 

they may ferve as Cullers for mjlt forts of Cannons, l^id. Heylin'i cM^ '"^V 

mog. Page 1079. ■"* ^^^ 

■acions a 

Klrclbbi^pricfes , &c.] In this Ifland is One BiJJjoprick , tffc^l'y ^' 
that ot St. ja£o ^ Suffragan to the ArchbiJJ)op of Si- Domingo in 

J^anncwi,] The Inhabitants of this Ifland, being for the mo 
part Spaniards , are the fame in Manners with thofe on the Coi 

ILangiiagc.J The Spaniards here refiding, do rtill retain, and con '^y^cal 

monly ufe the Spanifl) Tongue. 

(Sober txmciit^l This Ifland was formerly govern'd by certain Caciciw 
or Captains, but is now wholly fubjeft to the King of Spain^ who fti 
keeps a particular Governor in it, whofe ordinary Refidence is in th 
Great and Populous City Havana, 


IRcligion.] The Spaniards here refiding, are of the fame Relin 
with that eftablifli'd and univerfally profefs'd in Spain. 

§. 4. Jamaica* 

Slobe to 
10 and 


tucing gi 
ugar, C( 

nd fprin 
vhich ar 
vcral R; 
!S in the 1 


ugar, Ii 
)rugs, <t 


l\ Water 
icher Salt 
lace. (: 

ifidmc.]-Tp H I S Ifland (firfl difcover'd by Columbw, m his Secon ^achinel 
I. Voyage to America, and brought into Polieifion of tl ;'^icll and 
Mnglijh by i'O'n and Vcnables , in the time of Oliver CromwellJ ie Apple, 
terin'd Ja'fuiica by rhe Italians, Spaniards, trench, Germans , n ppearing 
Englifi). h was a: (irft call d St. J ago by Columbus, which Nan Jight wit 
Wis ^fcerwJidi c'lang'd co that oi Jamaica, (altei Ku)^ James, ik 

Part iflfaf t IL America^i 1 (lands. 405 

ike of TorliJ when it had been fubjefted for (ome time to the Crown 
d, arc Gollf^"^'^'"'- 

3ir.] The Air of this Ifland is more temperate than in mod 
it the Neighbouring Iflands , the Heat thereof being much aJlay'd 
fv frefh Eafterly Breezes that blow in the Day-time , and the frc- 

cnt Showers that fall in the Night. Hurricanes and Earthquakes 
[fo frequent in the CaribbesJ are leldom heard of here ^ whereupon 
]rc may juftly impute that terrible Earthquake [_Anno 16^2.] rather 

I a Moral than a Natural Caule, vi^^. The many and horrid Abomi- 
itions abounding among the Inhabitants, which [without doubt] did 
oudly call for Judgments from Heaven. The oppofitc l^lace of the 
Slobe to Jamaica^ is pjrt of the Eaji-Indhn Ocean , lying between 
iio and 120 Degrees of Longitude, with 17 and 20 Degrees of South 

1, is a not^ 


a Valley 

round, thj 

Heylin'i d 

'}oprickt vf\ 
mingn in 

for the mil 
on the Cod 

[in, and cor 

rain Caciquil 
ain^ whoM 
ice is in th 

^oil«] The Soil of this Ifland is extraordinary rich and fertil, pro- 
Icocing great quantities of Corn, Herbs, and Fruits; abounding alfo in 
fugar. Cotton, Tobacco, various kind of Spices, with divers forts of 
jhy^cal Drugs and Gums, ao Sumach, Guiacitm, Alces, Benjum'Wy Sar- 
\ipiir'iUa, tfy'c. The large and plcafanc Fields appear conftantly Green 

id fpringing, they being well ftcck'd with variety of Trees and Plants, 
ihich are never difrob'd of their Summer- Liveries. Hcrelikewife are 
[everal Rivulets, and thofe affording many excellent bilh, efpecially 
JTortoifc. The length of the Days and Nights in Jamaica^ is the fame 
is in the middle Provinces of AVw Spain, they both lying under the fame 
Parallels of Latitude. 

CommotJttics.l The chief Commodities of this iHand, are Cocao, 
"ame Af/'i'Bl'S^'*? ^"^^^^^ Corton , Tobacco, Hides, Copper, Piemcnto, or 
\tmaica-?CTppcT, Tortoile-Shclb, Wood for Dicrs, and fevcral forts of 
rugs, fyc. 

IRarittes,] This Ifland is furnifhd with feme Springs of Mine- 
[alWaicis^ particularly Two, whercol: one is Sulphurous, and the 
ther Salt; but both approved of tor the common Dirtcmpcrs of the 
Jlace. (2.) In divers parts of Jamaica grows that Fruit, cali'd the 
his Scc^rf'^^fj'f^^^ ^PP^^t which is very beautiful to the Eye, of a pkafanc 
ifion of tl'nell and Tafte , yet Mortal if eaten , whence fome term it the 
ZromwcHjW^'^'^Ppl^' (3) Here are many fliining Flies (a kind of Caniharides) 
ermans ^ alppearing of a green Colour in the Day-time , but fhinin^ in the 
which Nanfight with fuch a Lwte, that one may fee to read by their light. 
Jarney, chl ' 14.) Of 




: I, 




Jmeriam IflanJs, 

Part \i Fart I 

('4O of all Creatures beloni^ing ro this Ifland, the moft remarkable i 
the AUegat or y that deflruftivc Animal, commonly hjrbouring in or nei 
to Rivers and large Ponds, and may vtry liriy bz reckon'd the Jajn.;':iu, 
Crocodile, Although he be a very big Crtjture, and about ten, fitteen 
or twenty Foot in lengrh, yet he's hatcl.'d of an Egg mt larger thai 
that of a Turkey. His Back being full of hard Scales, is impenetrable, 
whereupon it is a difficult matter to kill him, uiuLfs he receive a Wounc 
in the Eye or Belly. He is an amphibious Animal, and t > enable him 
cither to walk upon dry Ground, or Iwim m tlic Water, N:«cure hal 
furniOi'd him both with I'cct and Fins. In moving on the Land he — 
very fwift, (providing his Courfe be ftraight forward) but extremely 
flow in turning, and therclore eafily avoided. Laftly , fn Jum.iic.t 
are producd fome rare Plants, much regarded by the inquifnive B't.t' 
mfl. But for a particular account of them, and all others, found both 
in this, and fcveral of the Car'ike Hlands, I refer the Rcadei to a curious 
Catalogue, publilh'd feme Years ago by that great Promoter of Natural 
Knowledge, the ingenious Dr. Sloane. 

1Jlrc!)bin)Op?icfe0^ &c.J A)-ckb}jl)opncl:'s , B'iP;opriclis , Vniverfuks. 

jS^tluncrS*] The Inhabitants of thi^ Tfland being Engliflj^ are muchf 
the lame in Manners with thofe in tlie Kingdom of England^ onlvj 
with this Difference, that the generality of 'em is fomevvhat more] 
vicioully inclin'd, a thin^ too common in moff of our Weftern l'lan-| 

Ilangu.ige.] This ifland being fntircly inhabited by £«^///7.', they re- 
tain, and Aill ufe, their own Native Lupgnagi. 

dBiobcmtUCnt.] Jumiica, is wholly fubjcrt to the Crown of £/?^/.if?.'/, 
and rul'd by a particular Govtrnour, luit thither by his Majefly, the 
King of Greai Bi'itivn. The Laws i)y which they are governed, arc ^ 
(as near as can be) tliole of Er.gLind. Here they have leveral || 
Courts of judicar^Tv tor hearing and determining ot all Caufes | 
between Man and Man 5 and tor tnc better Alfiflancc of the Go- 
vernour, he h furnilh'd with hisCouneil to cjnlult with, when Occaficn 

ah tha 
opting t 
le Eiigii 
iich Ma 
■pi fed S 




I himle ; 
:v the fii 
;ivn Cgu 

■t intole 
] the A 
i chat 

ii?o Deg 


le SdtL 

Yx)' trui' 

id to ri 

furf, tha 
icre is i 
kefs , in 
tliencc d 
ig kept 
litre is 
fiufe th 
|isd as li 
pod flor 
[ngth 0} 

part II. 

American IJlatiJs, 


iRcligion/J Tliclnhabi rants of this iHand, are of the fame Religion 
trh that publickly profels'd, and by Law cfUbUHi'd, in England-, ex- 
tpting the Negroe-Slaves, who, (both here, and in other Illands of 
'e£n^//p Plantations) are Hill kept in woful Ignorance ^ which is un- 
ijubtedly a grievous Scandal to our Holy Frofeffion in general, and an 
,5ornin2bIe Shame to their refpeftive Mafters in particular: But let 
lich Makers know that the time is coming, when the [nowj de- 
pifed Souls of thofe toiling Slaves will certainly be required at their 





, are muchi" 
gUnd^ only I 
Iwhat more 
ftern Plan- 

7.', they re- 

)f England ^ 
iiefly, the 
'crn'd, arc ^ 
ve Icverul 
all Ciules ' 
the Go- 
1 Occaficn 

§>. 5. Hzfpaniola, 

Bamc] TpHlS Tfland (difcover'd by Columbus, Anno 1492.) is 
i term'd by the Spaniards, EipanioU -, by the French, E- 
hgmJe ', by the Italians, Germans, and Engl'ifl), /ijp.:niola; fo cali'd 
:v the firft Planters therein, r/:^. the Spaniards) a? a Diminutive ot cJieir 
.vn Country. 

'^iv,2 The Air of this Ifland is much inferior ro that in 
Imiucj. J being much infcfttd with Morning Heats , which w^uld 
e intolerable , were they not allayed by fome cooling Breezes 
] the Afternoon. The oppofite Place of the Glebe to Hiipaniola , 
i chat part of the Enlt'Indian Ocean , lying between 120 and 
:^i?o Degrees of Longitude, with 17 ajad 21 Degrees of South Lav 

j ^oil.J This Ifland is !>lcfs'd \vith an extraordinary rich and fer- 
|lc .*)('//. The Trees and Meadows in ic are Hill (0 Green, that we 
ny tru.y fay, it enjoys a continual Spring. Herbs and brtits arc 
fiid to ripen in eighteen Days, and fo rich and fruitful is the Native 
[iirf, that of fevrral Grain, thcromrtjon Increafc is an Hi)ndred-iold, 
licre is abundance cf S'alm-Trees o-f a prndipjous hciji,iith and b)g- 
sels, in whofe Body an Incifion being made near the Top, from 
;liencc doth <law a,uor , ulually caild FalmWiiie, which bc- 
ig kept tor feme time , icnricnteth , and btccmcs vrry fircng, 
alio abundance oi; tholc Tree? ccrm'd C.iLb^g'; Trees , bc- 



American Jflands, 

Part I] 

middle Provinces of New 5/)4;>i, they botli lying under the fame Para] 
lels of Latitude. ' 

CommoDitteS*] The chief Commodities of tliis Ifland, arc CatrlJ 
Hides, Caflia, Sugar, Ginger, Cocheneel, Guiacum, (fy-c, 

IRatities,] in this Ifland is fome (lore of Genippa-Trees ^ whoi 

Fruit (about the bignefs of a Man's Two Fifls) being prefs'd befor 

thorow ripe, affords a Juice as black as Ink, and fie to write vvithi 

did it not difappcar iatirely in nine or ten Days. (2.) Here gmv 

anotherTrce, cali'd Mixn.wUlx or VwArf AppU-Tree^ wliofc Fruit is of , 

venemous a quality, that if any Vcxim eat thereof, he's inftanri! 

feiz'd with an unquedionable ThirO, a:id dies raving Mad in a fhoi 

time. (5.) Of the many Infefts belnni^ing to this iOand, the Glow 

worm (term'd by tlie Sparurds Cjcbinillas) is mail remarkable, ant 

that chiefly for two little Sp^t ks on his Head, which by Night give (4 

much Light, that it a Pcrfonlav three or four of thoie Creatures to 

gethcr, he may fee to read tlie riiulicil Print. (4.) In Hij'pamjU ari 

Spiders, about the bignefs n' an ordinary Hen's Kgg, having Legs a] 

long as SeaCrabs of a middle Size. They are Hairy all over, and h3v( 

Four black Teeth like R^ibbcts, and coniinonlv bite very fliarply, buj 

are not venomous. ($.) Moll renurkabicof all Creatures in tiiis Iflanc 

is the Caymctn^ Ccomm jnly reckon'd the Crocodile of HifpanioU) whicJ 

being an Animal ot a prodigious bignefs, is much noted for his rari 

Subtilty in catchinp, his Prey ^ far lying upon a River fide , he fo gal 

thercth his Body together, that, in Form, he rcfemhles exadlly thi 

large Trunk of an old Tree. In which Pollure he continues till Cac] 

tie, or other Crearures come to the River to drink, when to their fur] 

prize, he fuddcnly fprings up and aifaults them; And ( to enhauncd 

the Woflder) this ftrange Creature is (aid to ufe yet a more llrange SirJ 

tagemto cffeft his End ^ for Travellers generally affirm of him, That bel 

fore he lays himfelf (as aforefa'd) upon the River-fide, he's employer 

for fome time in fwallowing down feveral hundred weight of fmall Pec^ 

bic Stunes. By which additional weiglit -if his B^dy, he can keep a h\ 

(let hold of his Prey, and be the fooner ble to draw ic into, and divJ 

ivith it under Water. Vid. Late hijlory f the Buccaneers i/i America] 

Part 1. Cap. 4. 

3rcl)biri)0p;tcU6 , &c.] Here is One Archjifrnpric^ , v'lx^. that o( 
St. Domingo. >^uifragan to whom are S:. j a^o in Cnba , St. John A^\ 
t^ort-ricoj 3nd Coro in Terra fnm.i. 

'^11 ilJfrd 

Part I J lart II. American IJlands. 

fame Paraf 

UnitJCtfltics*] Vniverfitks, None. 


are Cattid 

yees^ whol 
refs'd befoi 
Tice withil 
Here grn^ 
e's inftantl] 
I in a fhor 
, the Glow 
irkable, an^ 
lighc give 
rearurcs tof 
ij'paiujlu ar( 
ing Legs aj 
r, and hav( 
fliarpiy, but 
n this Iflanc 
joU) whicf 
"or his rarj 
he fo gaj 
exaftly ihi 
les till Cail 
to their furl 
Irange S;n| 
n, Thac be] 
:'s employ I 
keep a faj 
, and dive 
in America] 

^anncrsO The Inhabitants of &h in<ird (being mofily spa- 
JdSy with Ibme French) are the fdnie in Minnen v.i.h thule on the 

ilanguagc^l The Inhabitants of this Ifland being Spaniards^ and 
jme fretich, as aforefaid) do ftill retain and ufe their refpe^ive matcr- 
'i\ Tongues. 

^otJCnimcut.] This Ifland being wholly fub)eft to the Crown of 
jdm, (except the Wcftern Parts now poflefl by the French) is ruPd by 
particular Governor, appointed by his Catholick Majefty, whofe Power 
otfi extend it felf over all the AnUttes belonging to Spain, 

iRcligion*] The Inhabitants of this Ifland, whether Spam^ 
mds or French^ are of the fame Religion , with thofc on the Old 

§. 6. FortO'Rico, 

rH I S Ifland vvas lermM S. Johannii Injuh by ColumhM^ at his firft 
Difcovery thereof, and Boriquen by ^xhc Natives, but now PortO" 
\/i5, from its chief City and Haven of that Name. The Soil is tolc- 
ibly good in many parts, and Air abundantly temperate, except thofe 
fenths immediately before and after the Summer and Winter Solftice, 
rom hence are exported Sugar-Canes, Ginger, CafTia, and good ftore 
f Hides. Here grow divers remarkable Trees, and fome poyfonous 
jhrubs upon the Sca-fide. The whole Ifland belonging to the Crown of 
b.tin, isrul'dby a particular Governor fenc thither by his Catholick 
lajeily j and the Inhabitants thereof being Spaniardf^ are the fame ill 
pnnerj-, Language^ and Religion, as elfcwlicrc, either upon the Old op 
rew Continent, • 






. thac 0^" 
Si, John (tdi 






§. 7. Th 



American IJlands, 

Part II 

§. 7. The Carihee IJlands, 

TH E Car'tbees are reckon'd that goodly Company of Iflands, begir, 
ning at the Eall of Porto-R<co^ and reaching Southwards almoj 
to Terra Pirma. They deic cneir Appellation from the Nature 
their Inhabitants, \v!l ( -.hen firft difcovcr'd ) were generally Ca 
vib.ils ^ the Niiie dmees being of the fame Importance. Takej 
all lugether, they ccme neareft (in Form) to the Segment of 
great Circle, and are in number about Thirty •, the chief of whicj 
fproceeding from North to South] with their prefent Poffelfbrsj arc 



I I 

''The ^ngltffj^ but little efteem'd. 
The French and Dutch, 
The trench. 

The EngUflj^ but of fmall Account. 
The Englifl) and French* 
The Engitfl). 
The Englifl). 

The Engitfljy but moftly inhabited by Infli 
<^ The French, 
The French. 

The £n^////; and Natives. 
The French, 
The Engl'ifl), 
The French, 

The £n^//7/j and D«^c^, cfpecially the latte 
The French, 
The Englifl}, 

Of all the Caribee Iflands belonging to the EngUflj^ the moft rJ 
markable (upon fevcral Accounts) is B^rWo's. Of it therefore il 


Anguila ' 

St. Martin 

San^a Crux — 
Burbada - 
St. Chriftophers 
Kievis or Mevis 
Antego — — 





St. /-MC/<i — 

St. Vincent 



inrs, ani 
maica , 
. in tho 


•Tp H 1 S Ifland is term'd by the Spaniards, B^irbadm 

by the French ^ B.irbade or Barboude ^ by the Ituliufi 
OermanSf ard t.n^lifl)y Barbdo's : Cue why fo call'd we can giv 


fio build I 
KVall of 
hi of an 
Jlity of 1 


Part II 

nds, begir 
ards almol 
ncrally Ca 
ce. Take! 
^mcnc of 
t of whicl 
[brsi are 

tart I L American IJla7ids. 41 1 

10 Account, the Name being an Indian Appellation. It was difcovered 
n the Reign of Kmg Jamas \, by Sit William Curten, driven upon its 
:oaft by ftrefs of Weather. Meeting with no Inhabitants at his Arri- 
]1, and finding the Nature of its Soil to be inviting, the Engitf})^ upon 
IS return, fent fome IManters thither, who, for want of Trade, were 
fduc'd to great Extremity, till about the Year iCi-j, when they began 
J plant it to purpofc. 

3iir.] The Air of this Ifland is very hot and moifl, efpecially for 
iight Months, yet in fome meafure qualified by cold Breezes of Windj 
thich rifing with the Sun, blow commonly from North-Eafl by Eaft, 
ulefs there happen a Turnado^ and grow frefher as the Sun mounteth 
p. The oppofite Place of the Globe to Barbados^ is part of the Ea(l' 
\im Ocean, between 1 50 and 140 Degrees of Longitude, with 12 and 
3 Degrees of South Latitude. 

^oil^] This Idand (not above Eight Leagues in length, and Five in 
:eadth, where broadeft) is blefs'd with a5o/7 wonderfully fertil. Ge- 
:ra!!y taken, 'tis not above One or Two Foot thick. Yet that fmall 
icprh of Earth refembles, in a manner, one continued hot Bed, being 
molt every where grounded with white fpongy Lime-Stones, which re- 
in and refledl the Solar Heat piercing through the over-fpreading Mould. 

hereupon the Ifland bcarech Crops all the Year round, and its Trees, 
jnts, and Fields, appear always Green. But in this and the Ifland 
•mAiCA 5 were formerly Mountain-Cabbjge-Trecs of a prodigious 
:ighth. The length of the Days and Nights in Barbado's, is the fame 

in thofe parts of New-Spain, lying under the fame Parallels of 

y the lattel itif"^^- 


ed by Ir'm 


e mofl rd 

the Itulm 
iwe can giv 

CommoDiticS.] The chief Commodities of this Ifland, are Sugars,' 
ico, Cotcon-Wool, Ginger, Log-wood, Fuftick, Lignum-Vit£^ i/^c» 
thofe in fuch abundance, that fome Hundred Sail of Ships do year^ 

I receive their Loadings here. 

Il^arttieo*] in the ifland of Barbados are Ants of a very big fize^ 
(10 build their Nelh with Clay and Lome, againft the Body of a Tree, 
Iwall of an Houfe \ and that to the bignefs of ordinary Bee-hivej and 
(jle divided into a great many Cells. (2.) Here are fome Snakes of a 
iiiiderable length and bignefs, that frequently Aide up and down the 
j;I of an Houfe, and out of one Rjom into another with wonderful 
Jity of Body. (3O The Water of that Rivulet ( commonly call'd 
\^hliiveYj hath upon its Surlace in many Places a certain Oily Sub- 

H c 2 flance, 


412 American Jjlands. Partl[i 

(lance, which being carefully taken off, and kept a little time, is fit ^^ 
bum in Lampilike crdinary Oil. (4.) Here are divers large and hide-i 
ous Caves, Cfome of which arebi^^ enough to concain hive hundred Men] 
and feveral remarkable Trees, particularly the C^Z/M^J, Falmetey Roucoui 
and that which goes by the Vulgar-Name of the Poyfon-Tree. ( 5.) Amont 
fome rare Infee>s to be feen upon this Ifljn<^, we may reckon thofj 
fmall Flics, (tcrm'd diyouyoHj nioft obferwable , and that chiefly foj 
their Wings, which give a mighty Luftre in the Night-time whilj 
they ily. 

7I^XC\)biU)0pikh^y &c.] Arcbb}ftjOi)rkks^ B'ifljoprkks, Vnherfitki 

fanners*] The Inhabitants of this Ifland (excluding iheNegroes 
being muAIy Eng/ifJ), arc much tiie fame in Behaviour and Manner o| 
living, with thole here in England* 

llanguage,] What was faid of the Inhabitants in refpeft o£ ^tumerA 
the fame may be affirra'd of them in Point of Language- " ' ' 
Vegroes^ the generality of them (if any confiderable ti 
Ifland) do alfo underfland and fpeak Engliflj, 

As for th 
time upon thj 


As for 
ferve f 
for tht 
when ( 
fuch a 
it's but 
no Law 
oor an) 
of the 
that vvi 
n. Pah 
ftian L; 


d^clJCtumCilt.^ This Ifland, belonging to the Crown of England, 
rul'd by a particular Governor appointed and fenc thither by His Maje 
the King of Great Britain. He vmh his Council do d'lcufb all Matters 
Importance, and the better to quell any Infurrcftionrhar may be nia 
(efpecially by the Slaves) he ftiil kreps a Standing Militia, confiAinj; 
Two Rc^'.iments of Horfe, and Five uf Foot, always in readin(fs up 
4 call. The Law^ by which this Ifland is governed, (cxcep: lome B} 
A^s which immediately concern the Plantarion) are cne f me wii Are the 
thofe of Eigland. The Ifland be-np divided into tour Circuiis in ejcfcj 
of them is eflablifli'd an Inferior Court of Judi'eJrory f <r hearing mk 
manner of Civil Caules: From whici. Courts, Appeals may he ma 
to the Supreme Court ^ and for duo AdminiHraiifn of Jufiicc 
Criminal Matters, here are yearly held t-ive Scfnoiv. when t'nerea 
peats a real neceiHtv of making new Laws, (whicli muft never contradi 
th'<feof£f?^/.i»^J or abrogating, old ones, the Guvernour calls an 
fcmbly for that end. ThisAffem;.?y refembles in lomc manner our 
^///^ Parliament ^ tor the Governour being reckon'd Supreme, thole 
his Council are as iQ many Peers ^ and Two BurgelTes ehoien out 
each rarifli, rcprefcnt the Body of the People. 


Of tl 

that chi 
Main, tl 
Mexico I 
to the I 
flain'd t 


Part III part II. 

American Ijlands, 


nc, is fin(^ 
: and hide-.' 

(5.) Amonj 

Eckon ihofS 

chiefly foj 

[•time whili 


id Mmwc)' oI 

As tor th 
mc upon chl 

if Engldvi^ 
r His Majef 
II Matters 
may be nuc 

adin^fs upc 
tp: lomc BJ 
c r me wu 
cuivb incj 

Iftcligton. J The EngUpj here refidinp;, make Profcfflon of the fame 
Keligm with rhat generally own'd, and by Law eflabliih'd in England. 
^i (or xht Negroe-S laves ^ their Lor hath hitherto been, and ftill is, to 
fervc fuch Chrij^fan Mafters, who fufficiently declare what Zeal they have 
for thcii Cottverli n, bv unkindly ufing a lerious, Divine fome time ago 
when cnlv propofmt^ to endeavour the fame. I'm very fenfibie of a 
vulvar Opirr.«n hitherto current among our Englipj Pi inters, ^/^. That 
Slaves do ceajt ti be Slaves when once baptii'd. But how current foever 
fuch an Opinion ha'h hitherto born, and mav fijli obcain with feme; 
it's but a gfdundlefs Imagination, and ■^. l ulg.xr Error at befl. Kor there's 
no Law either in the Old or New Teflamenc againfl Slavery in genera! ^ 
norany inhibinon of C/?r///^irt ^/iivej inparricuiK, in r' p whole Body 
of the Civil Law^ fo far as \ can learn fiom thofe, whole Studio's b^r.d 
that way. hefides \i One fimns \v;ii> :i Slave (^as all agree) w -u'd noc 
jc. Paul in his Epiftle have told Philem^n^ That 'cwd: asaiuft the Chri- 
jtian Law to keep fuch ? But we find that the Strain ot that EpiOlc run? 

§ 8. The Liicayes. 

THE Ludyes (f > call'd from Licayone^ the biggefi of 'em all ) are 
thole leveral lUands lyiu^ North ot Cuba aod Hifpaniola , They 
belong moflly to the Spaniards y aad the chici of chem 

Are thofe of I 


lay be mj 
')f Jufticc i 
icn tnerea 
vcr contradij 

calls an 
anner our 
Erne, thofe 
hoicn out 

I Tuma 

't? 'J u Sl ^ew Providence 

) >.J «^ F.lutheria ^1 

an'i J ^ I S:, Salvador — 

Extended from the 
v.. of Tegeft am Flo- 
rida^ t J the N. of 

Of thefe Iflands, Bahama mav be reckoned the mifl remarkable, and 
that chiefly for the famous rapid Channel between that Illand and the 
iMain, through which the Spanijh Fleets ufually pals in their return from 
A/tfx/co to Europe. A PalVage equally fatal to the Sparhrd^ as fortunate 
!0 the EngUjh. Kara! to the tormer for fom^ dreadful S.iipwrecks Ui- 
flain'd therein •, and fortunate to the latter, for valt Quanticics of Flate 
recover'd by skiltul Divers. This Illand is al-ooblcrvab c tor feveral un- 
common Infeits found upon ir, particularly the bahawa-Sjider already 
rncation'd, Page 3^1. 



§. 9. The 


American IflanJs. 
§. 9. The Sotovento, 

TH E Sotovento I/lands^ are thofc lying along the Northern Coafl of 
Terra Firma, They belong moftly to the Spaniards y and recti v'| 
the Title Sotovento Cquafi fub ventoj from them, becaufe they appear te 
the Leeward of their Fleet coming down before the Wind to enter tl 
Gulf of Mexico, The chief of fuch Illands 

Are thofe 
of * 

fTrinidada — 


Orchilla — 





Found frcm E. 

* w. 

iDd feri 
md pJe 
jpon th 
ifhich i 
kir Ce 
jhich h 
part of I 
k fami 
;jine Pa 

Trmdada (term'd by the Natives SamfonateJ is obfervable for bein|, jes, Co( 



!iid very 
.'ilk, anc 
ulcor b 
•^•ith the 
i"iat rem 

a noted place of Battery between the Inhabitants of Sew Spain^ n 
thofe of Peru. And Margarita is much frequented upon the account 1 
Pearl Fifliery, from whence it derives its Name. The reft are noc 
any great moment. 

§. TO, Bermudas, 

l^amc] 'TpH IS little Clufter of Iflands ( lying about Five hundrc 
X Leagues Eaftof florida) is term'd by the Italians^ Be 
tnuda ; by the French^ Bermudes^ by the Spaniards^ Germms^ and I 
glif\.\ Bermudas. So cali'd from one John Bermudas^ a Spaniard^ w 
fnade the firft Difcovery of them. They are otherwife term'd the 5«4 K ^^Js B. 
wer Iflandsy from Sir George Summers^ an Engliflman^ who futfcr'd Shi^ 

wreck near to them. Anno i6op. 

%ix*'] The Air of thefe Iflands is reckon'd extraordinary healthful 
breathe in, the Sky being almoft always ferenc and fmiling. But wh< 
overcaft at any time, then they're fure of a terrible Tempeft, attend^ 
with frightful Claps of Thunder, and Flafties of Lightning. So healtl 
ful are thefe Iflands to breathe in, that their Inhabitants (now in numl 
about Four or Five thoufand) are feldom vifited with Sicknefs, and gc 
ucrally arrive to a good old Age. The oppofite Place of the Glol^ei 



nucli th 


tfpcef o 

Part III i?art II. 

American Ijlaiids. 

rn Coafl oj 
md recti v'J 
y appear t^ 
[0 eater il 

frcm E. 


]:rmualat, is that part of the raft Eafl-IndiaOcenD, lylog between 1^4 
ifld 138 Degrees of Longitude, with 52 and 55 Degrees of South La- 


^Oil.] The Soil of thefe Iflands has been hitherto reckon'd v?ry rich 
13d fertil, yielding the Labourer Two Crops a Year ^ and me Arable 
jfound is of fuch an excellent Mould that it affords neither Sand, Hints, 
Peebles, nor Stones fo hard as are fit to grind Knives. Bur how rich 
ind pienriful foever thefe Iflands have been hererofore, they are now 
ipon the decHning Hand, and gr^winji a pace both poor aud barren. Kor 
xhich is commonly affign'd a tw" told Keafon, i;/:^. (i.) The Fall of 
leir Cedars which formerly did flficlcer their Fruit from hurtful Winds, 
vhcrcas now they're continually blafled. (2,) A certain Worm r r Anc 
jhich ha§ lately bred fo much among them ao 10 confume the greatell 

le for bemj 
J Spain^ at 
ie account I 
lare not 

[art of their Cnrn. The length ot the Days and Nights in Bermudof, 
:he fame as in the Northmoft parts of Florida, they both lying under 1 

;jine Paralkls of Latitude. 



five hundr 
Italians^ Si 
mSy and £ 
)antard, w 
rd the 5«4 
I fuffer'd Ship. 

But win 
left, attends 
So healtl 
)vv in numl; 
Inefs, and g? 
Ithe Globe 1 

CommoDttics.] The chief Commodities of thefe Iflands, are Oran- 
ges, Cochineel, Tobacco, Cedar-Wood, fome Pearls, and Amber-Gris 
a confiderable quantity, iyc, 

iRariticS*] Obfervable are thefe Iflands for nourifhing no venomous 
Creature, none fuch being found upon them, nor able to live it brought 
:hither. Here indeed arc many Spiders, but thofc no ways poyfon 'Us- 
!iid very remarkable for their Webs, having the refcmblance oi Raw- 
;ilk, and woven fo ftrong, that little Bird-^ are fomevi:^.es incan^Ied ia 
:aem. (2.) If Wells are dug in Bermuda^ above the Surface of rhe 
furrounding Ocean, the Wjter is fvveer and frclh ; hut ii V'.ver, then 
laltor brackifh ^ and all of them have fome f'^niiDlc KIux and Reflux 
i'ith the Sea. (3.) Upon the Coall of thefe Ifljnds, h 1 ..mcrnnv s taken 
liat remarkable bifh, termd the F'/^-f//?; j being ib calld from a pare 
i his Back-Bone, which hach the exait refemulai.ce of a File. 

11lrcl)bifl;opiicfe0, Sic] Archbifkopricks , Bijhprkl^s, Vniverfitks^ 


fanners.] The Inhabitants of thefe Iflands being Etiglijh^ are 
nuch the fame in Manners and Way of living, with thole here in 


llcinguagc] what was faid of the Inhabitants of Bermudas in 
^fpeft of Manners J the fame may be affirmed of ihcm in I'oint of 

E c 4 d^oDcnt^ 

f 1 






American Iflands^ 

Part If IPart 

dPobcrnmCHt.] Thcfe if and?, being wholly fubjeft, and of right ^ 
longing to the Crown of h rj rn.y, arc rul'd by a particular Govcrnc 
appointed and lent thither by luc Kiogot Etigland. 


IRcligion*] The Religm here eftablifti'd, and publickly profefs'd, 
the Frotejiatitf according to the Reformation of the Church of En^And} 

§. 1 1. Terra del Fuogo, 

THIS is a large Triangular Ifland (or, as fome think, feveral) It 
ing on the South part o^i Amerkit^ and feparated from the mat 
Continent by the Streighrs of Magellan. It's call'd by the Name of Teh* 
radel Ft'o^o, becaufe (it feems) the firft Dilcoverers thereof did obferlp 
fome particular Vulcam'^ upon ir. Our Knovvledge of this -fland and ii 
Inhabitants, is, at beft, but very uncertain ; and almoft every new A( 
venturer in thcle Parts of the World, give us a new Relation of thin^ 
Whi foever therefore defiresa cerrain or fatisfaftory Account, muft 
fcr his Enquiry to the better Difcovery of A Iter- times. 

And fo much for Amenca and its Iflandso 

Part Iff 1 Part 11. 


3f right 
• Govcrnc 

A N 



feverdl) I 
11 the ma' 
lame of Te\ 
did obfer 
(land and 'i 
cry new Afi 
n of thin 
nc, mufi 



brief Account of the European 
Plantations in AJia , jifrick ^ and 
America : As alfo fome Rea-# 
fonable Propofals for the Propa- 
^s;ation of the Blefled Gofpel in all 
Pagan Countries. 

IN running over the various Divifions of Afut^ Afrkk and Armrkay 
I have under vhc Title l^ Government tranfiently mention'd chofe 
Principal Kingdoms or States in Europe^ who arc moflly concern'd. 
in thofe Countries , but fince a more particular Account of the Tame is 
defir'd by feme, 1 fhall endea\^our to do it in thefe following Lines, 
— — jand then by way oi Conclufion to tlie whole Treatife, fliall fubjoin 
I , fome Propofals for the Propagation of the BlelTed Gofpel in all Pagan 
Counrries. To return to the firft. 

The chief of the European Nations, who have any Footing in Afi.i^ 
Af'jcli^ and Aincrku^ are thcle following, xi^. 

The Evgl'iih, 
The .Spaniards^ 
The Portninei-jy 

The French, 
The Dutch. 
The Danes, 


Of all thefe in Order. 

§. I. To 


An Appendix. 

Part II. 


i I 

§. I. To the Englijh belong 

rVort St, George [alicer Madraffipatam] on Coaft CormancfeL 
Bombay Caftlc a. d Ifland, on the Weft Coaft of Decan. 

f'Carac.l ^ 

Trim!) Watch .— 

Triml)-Bafs ■ 

Port Nova 

fort St. Davids- 
Cud ulor 


J>On Coaft Cormandeh 

A Trade . 

or Fafto- | Man/da 
J lories at <( Daca-^ 

Ar:^apore -^— ... 


Maffalipatam — 
Madapollam — 
Vkeagaparam — 
Bengal > 

Hugly .— 


CaffumbeT^ar — - 


>»In the Gulf of Bengal 

Tutta Nutta 





Amadarad — 

Barocb .— 


Carnar — *-- 

Gujfarat . 

Cambdia — 
BattkklLy — 
Tull) Cherey - 

•la the Mogkh Empire- 


— I 


>0n the Coaft of Malabuf. 

j B: ingon 

: {JDdbul in Vccan* 

A • 



Part II| 

Part IL 


A Trade 

Mocha — 
Shahare - 

Durg£ — 
Doff are— 

Aden • 

Ifpahan ■ — 
Qombroone < 

Smyrna in Njtolia, 
Aleppo in Syria. 


Indrapma • 

Bengalis — 

Jamhe — I— . 

Eyer Banna 

An Appendix. 




i>ra Arabia FxUx, 




?•<; or Fadto.< ^>'' ^'''^<^^'' 
Ties at I I'y-f^'^r^g, — 


Mn the Ifland Sumatra. 

Bancokla ■ 
Peque — 
Cudda — 

.On the AUlay Coafl. 

Tunqueen ^ 


I Erroy ^m China, 

Tefiampoo-Coid — 

Siam • . . ^ , , 

Camboida 5^" ^"^ Kingdom of Siam. 

Mindano in the Ifland Mindano, 
Borneo in the Ifland Borneo. 
Judda upon the Red Sea. 
I Afacajjur in the Ifle Celebes, but now cKpcU'd. 
.^Bantam in Java, till expell'd by the Dw^c/;, 1^82. 






4.20 yin Appeyidix. Part irf 

^Tangier on the Coaft of Barbary near the Straits^ but now dcmol 

The Iflaad of St. Ndena, Weft of Ethhph^ S. Lat. i^ Degr. 


rart . 



^"Charles Fort upon an Ifland in the River Gambia, 

Sierra. d'Leon upon Bence Ifland, Lat. 8. d. lo m. N. ( 

Scrber a River -7^ i *- n -^ » 

_ >0n the Coaft Malgudte, 

Drurvyn — 

Rio d: St. Anciro- 
Jeaque Jeaque- 

C. St. Appolonia 

Axym'm CotrnrC'Bay. 

A Trade J Succundc 

or Fadto- 

On the Qiiaqua, Coaft. 



jics at 

Of ho Cor j\ chief of all- 
Fyeder'ickshurg formerly Dani/h 

but fold to die Englijh >0n the Golden Coafl. 

Ann?j%.:m unforificd -k 

Amam :bou-- > -\ 

Aggitu^ of no defence ^ 

loxnjo ■"^ 

M'lem'M ^In the Kingdom of Loargo. 

\_Cubendu > — ^ ■ 



fKetv Epglmd- 

Nerv Torl^' 

Penfilvaniu •-. 

"^ » Alar/lutid 
I irgntia 

L Parcicu'irly mentioned from Page 
^ to '^y8. 

i^As alfo they pofTefs Port ^tlj>n in Nudfon's b.iy. 

i ( ^:" 

' I Ml 

'" S Th 
U Th 









Part irP'art II. 

It now dcmoi 

Ati Appendix, 


lo m.N.i 




^I^evofoundUnd in parr. 
Jamaica^ one of the greater Antilles, 
BemHdas, lying F. o{ Fhric/a, 
New Province, one of the Uca'ps, 
Long JJland, lying S. of AVk^ rori^. 
Angu'ULi- ^ 



parricu- <{ St.Chr'iJhpher 

thofe of 

3lden Coaft. 



Alonjerrat - 
Dominicii — 
St. Vincent- 

- — t Ten of the Citribee 
'^ Iflands. 

Some Settlements C Surinam 

at y Af,iyAri/> 

Alardne — 


On the Coaft of r^rr^ 

f Loitngo^ 

§.2. To the Sfa7iiards belong 

/ Lucmj , 

.;■ '^ Tandaya— ., 

^J Mindano— - 

l\'S. Juan 

' / MindoYe 

r reft 

Six of the Pbjlipp'in, and moftof the 


i ^ The Trade on the Weft Coaft of Africa. 

^i The Canary Iflands, particularly mention'd, Page 544. 

^Nen^ Spain, whofc Parliafnents are -^^OuadalaUrx. 

I . _ , , , COuatimala^ 

I A confiderable Part of New Mexico, 
_ , St. Matthews 5 ^" ^^^'^'''^''- 

Terra Pirnta, vvhofe Parliaments are^^ ^^^Awa. 
; ^ Grunada, 

i^t?n/, whofc P.iiliamcnts are —- ^ — ^ Z/w^. 

Chili. (- ^' ^'' ^'''^*'' 


A great part of Paraguay, 


I. Several Iflands, particularly thofe of ^ /^p'lnioU 


§• ^. To 



An Appeyulix. 
§. 5. To the Fortngueze belong. 

Part n| j?art 1 

I: \)^ 

' ["Several Faftories in Perfia. 

Chaul, a aonfiderable Town 

AfafigAn, a little Village 

The Fores'? iWorra ^*" ^^^^^• 

of J'Caranga - 

Ekphanta Uland, near rhac of Bombay, 

Goa, with her FortrefTes and adjacenc Iflands j n«,!l* 

Dii4 Ifland and Citv, nc^r Gujarat, 
^ I Macaco, upon the Coaft of China. 
c<J The Fort Larentoque. in the Ifland 5o/or, E. of Flores^ 

Much of T/zwor, one of the Molucca Iflcs. 


r Arcan ~ 

j PegH 

Tan^icerin — — 


{ The C^mbodia 

I Trade or ' Golconda 

{ Faftorics*^. Agra . 

^at ' Amadabat — 



Bi^roc^— — — 
I ^ Bengala— J 

-In Pen'wJitUlndix extra Gartgem. 

Already mcritioaed. 

' ^M.tT^agan, in rlie Kingdom of Morocco, 

Some Foits on the River S,Domingo, in the Country of the Jakfas. 

^ \ Some Fores on the Coartb oi'-^Corgo, 


2 1 









Bay J 



The Trade ot the E. Counr. from the Cape Good /hpe to the Sen. 
Several Iflands. \ 

the A 


I lie ac Prune — 


N. K. of Sc. Thomof, 

Part irj 


'^"■^ "• -^n Appendix. 


le Jahfcs. 

:IiL S'f.t. 

§• 4- To the French belong 

i^New Surat J^'^ the Mogun Empire. 

KThe Ifl.nd of Sr^.w. lying South- Wert of G,.. 
-/Some Forts in< ir '^^"g^lom of Siam. 
^ (.The Ifland of Java. 

' Fort Drfi///,/n in Madagafcar, 

Senega (N. of Cape Verde) ,h. chief F..«c^ Faftory in Afnc 
U A Trade upon the River/^^"^^^- ^ "^ ^' 

: ) r D rr \Oambia. 

^ ir ) ^ W«^ near Cape Ker<^?. 

.As alfo at ^GreaP Sefire -,_•» 

I Ardra ^. . ^In Guinea, 

r Montreal — — .— . , ^^ 

The Three Rivers \jn r. j 

Ouebeck Z|^" ^''"'''^^' 

Tadonfack, and fome other Place.; nn tu^o- a 

And great part of Nova Scotia ' ^^' ^"^''''' 

Bay Placenfa — •% 

Bay Blacco — — . — J ^" Newfoundland. 

Fort St. Louis in the Ifland Cavene Jvin« it i r- 
Several Forts on the Coaft oS'J„?^ ^* '^ ^''^'''^ 

^St. Bartholomew^. 
\ Santa Cru^, 
' Sr. Martin, 
^ Ouaduhupe, 
^'i De/iree, 
Among , Maria Galants 
the i4w-^ /.c. S-r^z/i/ej. 
titles, Martmico, 
St. /iioifia, 


I fi Tortue- 

'^ in parr. 

§' 5' Ta 


An Appe7ul2X. 
§. 5:. To the Butch belong. 

Part III Ipart 


Fort Gelders 
Pellecate — 

»0n tlic Coaft Cormaucfel, 

n I 

Several Forts in-^ Java 

la Aft 

Ill Afrl 

III Ame 

And moft of the Moluccoes^ though of right the* The 
belong to the Engl'tfl), ? hmk 

The Moguii Empire 


:i)e Scoi 
difmal J 

, Malacca, 

"••"''" I Chm, 




Gora — 

-near Cape Uerdei 

Many Forts in Congo, 

Some near the Cape of Good Hope: 

St. Maurice in Madagafcar. 

Boutrou — ' 

L- >>«.- \ Commendo formerly Englijl} 

•n r •"/ St. George del Mina, chief of i 
**'" ^ Maurea or Fort M#« 

^jiea, yvi.J ^orm^nO;' formerly Erghjh 
Crevicoeur — ■ 

■ The City of Coro in the North of Terra Firma, 
Some ^^'^rts on the Coafl of Guyana. 

On the Go'd 

;.icly ap 
:thcr5, V 
Jur more 
ie fclfoi 

y^ueri] i 
Aruba — 

I Bon Airy- 




Three of the Sotovento 
l Two of the Caribecs ntar S, Cmt* 

prn'on to 
^is nielai 
ifilfcft ol 


Part Il| iPart IL 

Si Appendix, 


§. 6, To the Danes belong. 

" "^^Sr;: 

>on the Coafl of CortmndtU 

In Afrka is Chriftianburg or S. Frandfco X^vjer in Guinea, 

III America is A^ew Denmark in the North part thereof. 

right ihcl Thefe arc the chief of the European Planradons in Afix, Afiicl^^ and 
f America : And to chefe we might have here added the lateSetdement of 
;hc Scots at Darien, had not that Unfortunate Colony met with repeated 
iifmal Difafters. Now follows the Utter part of the Appendix, contaiaing 

thme Reafonable Propofals for the Fropagation of the 
Blejjed Gofi)el in all Pagan Countries : efpecially 
thofe adjacent to the Englifli Plantations in North 

the QM 



S- 6 . 

BY what hath been briefly faid in the forego! np;Treatife, concerning 
the State of AeZ/^/o/i in all Countries of the World, it may fuffici- 
;!idy appear in general, That the ChrHHan Rclighn is of a very fmall 
txtcnr, if exaftly compared with thole many and vafl Countries wholly 
iverfpread with grols Idolater s^ numerous Mahomet anSy and many 
;iherf, who either know nor, (or at lead) own nox^thcEkiXedMeffiis, 
Jut more particularly, this grcar and fad Truth may farther appear by 
le following Calculation, in^',cnioufly made by fome, who dividing the 
jihabited World into thirty Parts, do find that 

of 'em are polfefs'd by 

Blind and grnfs Idolaters, 
JfewSy Tkilis and Saracens, 
Thofe of the Greek Church. 
-ri r^,.c u^ y Church of ^omc. 

Thus67jr//lMn;/>' taken ill its larf^efl Latitude, bears no greater Pro- 
prtion to the other prolly falfe Religions, thau ¥\vc to Twenty five, 
i!iis melancholy Confidcration doth force me to bewail that woful 
fijicft of the bc^l k'jrc of the Chriftian Church, for not being fo 








^^6 A7i Appendix. Part Hf |Pa 

diligent as others arc, in endeavouring to alwUfli fleathcnilli Ido^ 
larry, and that mod lan»entable Ignorance, which as yet oycr-ihadow^ 
eth lb great a rart of the inhabrtcd World. It's undrubrfi);| 
well known, that t',: effedtual rcrfbrmance of fuch a Wrik a| 
this, wouM require no inconliderahie Steck of Money (it beinj" 
now impraftiuhlc to make Solemn Miffions, or qualifie Men for rhcm 
without confiderable Charges) and yet a fuflficieiit V'und mii;hr be { 
eafily rais'd, that none could rcafonably comphin of the Burdcr 
Ihould the following Tropofals be fo happily made, as to n^ect \vich| 
due Reception. 1 

" Did every Free-holder of the Three Kingdoms advance only fo ? 'j^ * 
*' One Year the five hundreth p^rt of his Yearly !n.\:mcs . Did rhof y^ ' 
Merchants of this great City (who are particularly rcncern'd inoi '^^^" 

Foreign Plantations, and daily imploy great Multitudes of Pa^;i| ^^^^ 
** Slaves in their Service) allow the Two hundreth p<rt of One Year '"'t 
*• Gain : And finally, did the Clergy of the Three Kingdoms (whol "J^" 
** Zeal in fuch a Matter would probably tranfccnd others) approprui 'Jf" * 

to this pious life, One hmdredib part of their yearly Revenues. 

" 01 

" ci 

" T 






" (ay, did Vrkd gnd People thus unanimoufly combine together ina| =1^^'^^ 
•'• ryin-^ on this mofl Chriftian Defign ; what an caf^e matter were t *^'^" , ^ 

'' in a Ihort time, to raile luch a Fund of Money, that the Annuj 
** Inrereft thereof might fufficiently ferve to fend yearly fome Pi 
and Able Divines into all Quarters of the World ? And fmce Baiior 
Methods might be taken, to have fcveral Pagan Tonjjucs taught 
*' our own Uland j a confiderable part of the aforefaid Money mi;; 
*' be likewife employed to educate a competcnc number of young Scl 
** dents of Theology in thefe Foreign Languages, whi^h number bfia 
*' Hill continued, would fcrvc (as a choice Nurfery) to afford a ccf 
** ftantfupply of able Mm, who might Yearly go abroad, and be fu 
*' citndy qualified at rhcir firft arrival, to undertake that grMcW 
" f'T ^vhicli they were lent. 

But fince the latter Part of the foregoing Prcp-fa! (which impoi 
(h?x Bir ' mi^,ht learn fome of the prefent Ind'un I^t^csj do 
ieeni unprarticablc to Icveral, by realon of the prodi^iou-, multituj 
of thou Pagan Tongues, and their vaft variety of quire diffcrc 
Di^lciits : (tlpccially thofe now in ufe among the tnciviliz'd Na:ii 
of i'vV//; Anicr'icA) *' Then wc may follow tlie Example of tl 
"' Ancient Ran.ins.^ wliofc Endeavour and Jnterefr ic was to cytcf 
" their own l,arK;ua.;c with their ConqueH^ and lb extingujli 
pro;:cfs of Tinu% thic very Dialed ot the Conquered. Did "we t| 
in ill] Pins of our WcfUrn Empire, [whicli mij^iit ptobab.y 





^' acconiplid;!: va »i few Generations , by duly 


(\d m 

;:iem ( 

hie n> 


:u6h U 


."lole \ 
p you 

t his 
pur tc 
|ur ncv' 
the i 
llind, i 
lies of 

irtb^ < 
Vones J 
hich V 

Part III 

!3theni(li I(|q# 



h a Wci'k j| 

-y ( it bcin(' 

len for them 

mii;hr be 1 

the Burdc 

meet wichf 

MHce only fo| 

s . Did rhof 

ncern'd inoi 

udcs of Pa^iil 

of One Yeai 

gdoms (who( 

rs) appropnji 

1 Revenues. 

ogechcr inc.ij 

macter were 

lat the Annul 

■ly fome Pia 

I fince Ratior 

iues taught 

Money mi^ 

of young Scl 

number bfij 

o arford a ccj 

and be fjf 

at grfic WlI 

which irTipo 
r^ua^csj do 
iou5 niuhitu 
I] nice difTcK 
iviliz'd Nadi 
(.1 IT. pie of c 
was to OJc 
I extingu:ih 
Did we t 
ic ptobabiy 

*•' HuiuirJ 

Part II. An JppemUx. 427 

" Hundreds of Clifiilians to live among the Natives, and thofe to 
" endeavour in the moft allurinc; manner to inflruft the younger fore 
" of the Indians in the Eng'ifh Tongue. J Then in the next or fol- 
" lowing Age we might addrcfs our felves to chofe blind Gentiles in 
'* our own Language, and lb inflilling in them by degrees, the Prin- 
" ciples ol:" Chriftianity, might thereby in a fhorc time, bring in many 
" Thoufands of Souls to the Sheepfold of the Paflor and Bifhop 
" of our Souls. I think it needlefs to exprefs how commendable 
(uch a Defign would be in itfelf; and how dcfirable the Promo- 
lion thereof (hould be to all who ftile themfelves ChriflianSj of what 
Party or Profcffion focver they are. And I humbly fuppofe it mighc 
be a Work (if unanimoufly minded by Chriftians) m re becoming 
the Followers of the Prince of Peace , than to be Abettors of the 
frequent Jarrs and Broils of Chrijlendom. Befides, there's certainly 
nothing that could prove more beneficial to the PubJick Good of 
this Nation, and particular Intereft of the Crown of England ; for did 
mofl (or many) of the Natives underftand or fpeak our own Language, 
[hen might we not thereby more exadlly difcover the In-land Parts of 
ihefe Countries , and with greater Security improve them to the 
;reateft Advantage? Might we not thereby make Multitudes of idle, 
ivaudring Indians^ very ufeful to our En^///?; Colonies ; and then chiefly 
tmploy Europeans for the Guard and Safety of the Country. Yea, 
iid many ot the Natives but tolerably underiland and fpeak the 
£«^////j Tongue i then might we not (in all human Appearance) civilize 
;hem entirely in a (Tiort time, and lb add many Thoufands of new 
£r^/i/7; Subjefts to the £n^////; Empire? All which are morally impof- 
iible now to be done^ fmce the numerous Dialedls of their barbarous 
Jargon^ together with their own B^nbarit), are asfo many Barrs againft 
'.ueh Undertakings. 

Great Sirs, 
Pardon thdc Propofals here offered to the ferious Confideration of 
lofe whom they chiefly concern \ and give me leave to declare un- 
10 you how infinitely it would tend to the Glory of God, the Good 
f his Church, and Honour of our Nation \ did we finccrely cndea- 
our to extend the Limits of our Saviour's Kingdom, with thofe of 
ur new Dominions; and to fpread the true Reform d Religion j as far 
s the EngUfl} Sails have done for Tr^flfick , with what Anxiety of 
lind, and Fatigue ot Body, do we pierce into the remotcA Coua- 
ies of the World ? And all to heap up a little White and Telhw 
irtb^ or to purchale fome things (call'd frmoMX by Man) which 
bflratting humane lancy] do differ nothing from common Fibble 
tones ; and yet what a fupine negled doth attend us, in doing thac 
hich would bring more Honour to oui Holy Religion, nnd prove ac 

Ff2 Uft 


4^8 , , An appendix. Part 

laft more profitable to our fclvcs, than the aOual PoffclTion of 
thcJreafures in the Univcrfel What a lamenrable thing is it ! T| 
ihofe very. Indians who border npon the Engl'ifh Pale (not to mer 
fome thoufands of AV^roey who flave in our Service) fhould ftill coj 
nue in moft wretched Ignorance, and inftead of Knowing and \\ 
shipping the True God^ (hould as yet reverence not only Stociii 
Stones i but aifo adore the Devil himfcif ! Chriftians / Shall we cc 
and thirft after their Talents of Gold, and yet keep hid in a Nap| 
that Talent entrufted to us ? Shall we greedily bereave them of i[ 
Prec'tQtis Pearls, and not declare unto them the Knowledge of the Pe 
of Price ^ No \ no I let us not aft as others have done, in making G| 
our Gody and Gain the folc Defign of our Trading. But let us cffeSua 
improve thofe choice Opportunities (now in our hands) for the fingv 
Glory of our great God, and of Jefus Cbrift., our BlefTed Redcen 
And let our Planters duly confider, That to extirpate Natives, is rati 
a fupplanting than planting a new Colony ; and that it's far more 
nourable to overcome Pagam[m in one, than to deftroy a thoufand 
gans. Each Convert is a ConquejK 

Advertifement to the Bookbinder.' 

TThe World- 

■before Page 

Scandinavia^ htrngSweden^ Denwarl^^6cc,' 

jMojcQvia ' . 

Frarxe -^ * 

Cermarj — .. . 

Poland . ■ 

^ . Spain and Portugal 
^<; Italy 

Turhy in Europe- 

Scotland — - 



Africa — — - 


— 2 





! Tl 





f t[ 
\ Pe 








— 2 

— 2